Template:French Academy in Rome directors
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Joseph-Nicolas Robert-Fleury was a French painter. In 1855, he was appointed professor and in 1863 director of the École des Beaux-Arts and his pupils were Marie-Adélaïde Baubry-Vaillant, David Bles, Marguerite Jacquelin, Charles Désiré Hué, Leon Kapliński, Henri Le Riche, Eugène Mulertt, and Gaston Renault. His son, Tony Robert-Fleury, was a painter,1887, Knight in the Order of Leopold. A Reading at Mme. article name needed, media related to Joseph-Nicolas Robert-Fleury at Wikimedia Commons
Paul Maximilien Landowski was a French monument sculptor. His best-known work is the Christ the Redeemer statue in Rio de Janeiro, Landowski was born in Paris of a Polish refugee father of the January Uprising, and a French mother. He studied at the Académie Julian, before graduating from the French National Academy, he won the Prix de Rome in 1900 with his statue of David and he produced over thirty five monuments in the city of Paris and twelve more in the surrounding area. Among those is the Art Deco figure of St. Genevieve on the 1928 Pont de la Tournelle and he created Les Fantomes, the French Memorial to the Second Battle of the Marne which stands upon the Butte de Chalmont in Northern France. Landowski is widely known for the 1931 Christ the Redeemer statue in Rio de Janeiro, some sources indicate Landowski designed Christs head and hands, but it was Leonida who created the head when asked by Landowski. He won a medal at the art competitions at the 1928 Summer Olympics for Sculpture. From 1933 through 1937 he was Director of the French Academy in Rome, Landowski was the father of artists, painter Nadine Landowski, composer Marcel Landowski, and pianist and painter Françoise Landowski-Caillet.
3. Jean Alaux
Jean Alaux, called le Romain, was a French history painter and Director of the French Academy in Rome from 1846-52. Alaux was born in Bordeaux, the son of a painter and he received his first lessons in art from his father, but went on to a formal training with Pierre Lacour and with Pierre-Narcisse Guérin. In 1807 he was admitted to the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris, from 1808 he entered works for the Prix de Rome, but his energies were diverted when his elder brother, Jean-Francois Alaux, asked him to help with a large neorama he was working on. Alaux eventually won the major Prix de Rome in 1815 with a work entitled Briseis weeping over the body of Patroclus and he subsequently became a pensionnaire at the French Academy in Rome from 1816 to 1820 and went on to become its director. Among his fellow artists at the Academy were such luminaries as Drolling and Gogniet, and sculptors such as Angers, Alaux painted at the Academy Diamedes carrying off the palladium and Episodes in the combats between the centaurs and the Lapithes.
Under the July Monarchy, he worked at the Galerie des batailles of the Château de Versailles, for which he painted The Battle of Villaviciosa, The Capture of Valenciennes and his directorship ended quietly with his retirement in 1852. Alaux died in Paris on 2 March 1864, paintings by Alaux Portrait of Jean Alaux by Ingres The atelier of Ingres in Rome
Louis-Nicolas Cabat was a French landscape painter. He was one of the most illustrious students of Camille Flers, in 1883 Cabat travelled in France with his friends Constant Troyon and Jules Dupré in search of landscapes
5. Denys Puech
Denys Puech was a French sculptor. From a family of farmers, he began as an apprentice in the workshop of François Mahoux in Rodez. He at last won first prize in 1884, with Wounded Mezentius, from on he received several official commissions from the French Third Republic, sculpting busts of Jules Ferry, Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve, Émile Loubet and Benito Mussolini. In all,573 works are inventoried and he founded a museum of fine art in Rodez in 1903. The building, inaugurated in 1910, was designed by him in conjunction with the architect Boyer to best show off his sculptures and he was elected a member of the Académie des Beaux-Arts in 1905, and made a knight of the Légion dhonneur on 17 January 1908. On 13 May 1908, he married princess Anina Gagarine Stourdza and he was Director of the French Academy in Rome from 1921 to 1933. Among those who studies with him were the American sculptors Ernest Keyser, La Pensée,1902, polychrome marble, Petit-Palais. « Denys Puech » on Joconde database La Sirène Bronze version
Émile Jean-Horace Vernet was a French painter of battles and Orientalist Arab subjects. Vernet was born to Carle Vernet, another painter, who was himself a son of Claude Joseph Vernet. He was born in the Paris Louvre, while his parents were staying there during the French Revolution, Vernet quickly developed a disdain for the high-minded seriousness of academic French art influenced by Classicism, and decided to paint subjects taken mostly from contemporary culture. Therefore, he began depicting the French soldier in a familiar, vernacular manner rather than in an idealized. Some of his paintings that represent French soldiers in a direct, less idealizing style, include Dog of the Regiment, Trumpeters Horse. He gained recognition during the Bourbon Restoration for a series of paintings commissioned by the duc dOrleans. Critics marvelled at the speed with which he painted. Many of his paintings made during early phase of his career were noted for their historical accuracy as well as their charged landscapes.
Examples of paintings in style include his Four Battles series, The Battle of Jemappes, The Battle of Montmirail, The Battle of Hanau. Over the course of his career, Horace Vernet was honoured with dozens of important commissions. King Louis-Philippe was one of his most prolific patrons and his depictions of Algerian battles, such as the Capture of the Smahla and the Capture of Constantine, were well-received, as they were vivid depictions of the French army in the heat of battle. After the fall of the July Monarchy during the Revolution of 1848 and he continued to paint representations of the heroic French army during the Second Empire and maintained his commitment to representing war in an accessible and realistic way. He accompanied the French Army during the Crimean War, producing paintings, including one of the Battle of the Alma. Vernet died in his hometown of Paris in 1863, in Arthur Conan Doyles Sherlock Holmes story The Adventure of the Greek Interpreter Holmes claims to be related to Vernet, stating, My ancestors were country squires.
Was the sister of Vernet, the French artist, without further clarifying whether this is Claude Joseph Vernet, Carle Vernet, or Horace Vernet. Harkett and Katie Hornstein, Horace Vernet and the Thresholds of Nineteenth-Century Visual Culture. Dartmouth College Press/University Press of New England Ruutz-Rees, Janet E. Horace Vernet, works by Horace Vernet at Open Library
The French Academy in Rome is an Academy located in the Villa Medici, within the Villa Borghese, on the Pincio in Rome, Italy. The Academy was founded at the Palazzo Capranica in 1666 by Louis XIV under the direction of Jean-Baptiste Colbert, Charles Le Brun, such scholars were and are known as pensionnaires de lAcadémie. One recipient of the scholarship in the 17th century was Pierre Le Gros the Younger, the Academy was housed in the Palazzo Capranica until 1737, and in the Palazzo Mancini from 1737 to 1793. These envois were annual works, sent to Paris to be judged, at first, the villa and its gardens were in a sad state and had to be renovated to house the winners of the Prix de Rome. The competition was interrupted during the first World War, and Mussolini confiscated the villa in 1941, the competition and Prix de Rome were eliminated in 1968 by André Malraux. The Académie des Beaux-Arts in Paris and the Institut de France lost their guardianship of the Villa Medici to the Ministry of the Culture, from that time on, the boarders no longer belonged solely to the traditional disciplines but to new or previously neglected artistic fields.
These artists-in-residence are known as pensionnaires, the French word ‘pension’ refers to the room & board these, generally young and promising, artists receive. The artists are no longer recruited by a competition but by application, between 1961 and 1967, the artist Balthus, at the head of the Academy, carried out a vast restoration campaign of the palace and its gardens, providing them with modern equipment. Balthus participated “hands on” in all the phases of the construction, where the historic décor had disappeared, Balthus proposed personal alternatives. Work continued under the direction of director, Richard Peduzzi, under director Frédéric Mitterrand the Academy opened up its guest rooms to the general public at times when they are not used by pensionnaires or other official guests. k. a. Carolus-Duran 1913-1921, Albert Besnard 1921-1933, Denys Puech 1933-1937, Paul-Maximilien Landowski 1937-1960, Jacques Ibert 1961-1977, Comte Balthazar Klossowski de Rola, a. k. a. Balthus 1979-1985, Jean Leymarie 1985-1994, Jean-Marie Drot 1994-1997, Pierre-Jean Angremy, a. k. a. villamedici.
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