Sidney Bernstein, Baron Bernstein
In 1954 he founded Granada Television, which was one of the original four ITA franchisees. He believed the Norths media industry had potential to be cultivated, Granada Television eventually became one of the most successful British production companies in history and still produces programmes in 2011 under the ITV Studios moniker. He is described by the British Film Institute as the dominant influence on the growth, Bernstein left school at 15 and he gradually inherited the property portfolio his father had built. Bernstein built, with his brother Cecil, a circuit of some sixty cinemas and theatres. Some of the cinema were on property he inherited from his father, the Bernstein holdings eventually encompassed interests in publishing, real estate, motorway services, retail shops and bowling alleys, as well as the hugely profitable television-rental business. Bernstein was a co-founder of the London Film Society in 1925, where he met and befriended the young Alfred Hitchcock, who became a lifelong friend and eventual producing partner.
He ventured into theatre, building an elegant new venue which housed the premiere of Private Lives by Noël Coward, though his involvement with the live stage was short-lived, he was passionate about the construction of state-of-the-art film palaces throughout Britain. By 1943, Bernstein was a member of SHAEF and worked on films which would help the new Allies and America and he read and advised on early drafts of Mrs. As the invasion of France loomed, Bernstein brought his friend Alfred Hitchcock back from Hollywood to Britain to work on two documentary films for the post-invasion French audience. The London-based Granada group surprised establishment thinkers by not bidding for a contract in the affluent South East. Instead, Granada pursued the weekday licences centred on Manchester in the industrial North, embracing an area extending across the north of England, granadas evidence to the Pilkington Committee on Broadcasting in 1961 justified this decision, The North and London were the two biggest regions.
Granada preferred the North because of its tradition of home-grown culture, in 1991, Granada Theatres Ltd was sold to Bass. In 1954, Bernstein won a licence to broadcast commercial television to the north of England including key urban areas such as Manchester, Leeds. Bernstein wanted the north of England as this would not have any effect on viewers at his theatres which were predominantly based in the south of England. Furthermore, he believed the north of England had a cultural heart that had potential to be cultivated which would translate itself into good television. The North and London were the two biggest regions, Granada preferred the North because of its tradition of home-grown culture, and because it offered a chance to start a new creative industry away from the metropolitan atmosphere of London. Compare this with London and its suburbs – full of displaced persons, and, of course, if you look at a map of the concentration of population in the North and a rainfall map, you will see that the North is an ideal place for television.
To achieve his aim, Bernstein ordered the building of the United Kingdoms first television studios, construction of Granada Studios began in 1954
He was born Lorne Lipowitz to Florence Becker and Henry Abraham Lipowitz, a furrier, in British occupied Palestine. They moved to Toronto, Canada, while he was an infant and he has two younger siblings, a sister, Barbara Lipowitz, who currently resides in Toronto, and a brother, Mark Lipowitz, who died from a brain tumor. Michaels attended the Forest Hill Collegiate Institute in Toronto and graduated from University College, University of Toronto, Michaels began his career as a writer and broadcaster for CBC Radio. He moved to Los Angeles from Toronto in 1968 to work as a writer for Laugh-In and he starred with Hart Pomerantz in The Hart and Lorne Terrific Hour, a Canadian comedy series which ran briefly in the early 1970s. During the late 1960s, Michaels began a relationship with Rosie Shuster and she was the daughter of Frank Shuster, one half of the famous comedy team and Shuster. Michaels and Shuster were married in 1971 and divorced in 1980, in 1975 Michaels created the TV show NBCs Saturday Night, which in 1977 changed its name to Saturday Night Live.
The show, which is performed live in front of an audience, immediately established a reputation for being cutting-edge. It became a vehicle for launching the careers of some of the most successful comedians in the United States, originally the producer of the show, Michaels was a writer and became executive producer. He occasionally appears on-screen as well, where he is known for his deadpan humor, throughout the shows history, SNL has been nominated for more than 156 Emmy Awards and has won 36. It has consistently been one of the highest-rated late-night television programs, Michaels has been with SNL for all seasons except for his hiatus in the early 1980s. She appeared in a sketch about underage drinking when Zac Efron hosted the show, perhaps Michaels best-known appearance occurred in the first season when he offered the Beatles $3,000 to reunite on the show. He upped his offer to $3,200, but the money was never claimed, according to an interview in Playboy magazine, John Lennon and Paul McCartney happened to be in New York City that night and wanted to see the show.
They very nearly went, but changed their minds as it was getting too late to get to the show on time and this near-reunion was the basis for the TV movie Two of Us. On the November 20,1976 show, musical guest George Harrison appeared, Harrison tells Michaels his refusal to pay him his share is chintzy, and Michaels counters by saying, The Beatles dont have to split the money equally. They can give, Ringo less if they want, Michaels started Broadway Video in 1979, producing such shows as The Kids in the Hall. Shortly afterwards, citing burnout, he left Saturday Night Live and he returned to the show in 1985. During his SNL hiatus, Michaels created another show titled The New Show. The show failed to garner the same enthusiasm as SNL and lasted only 9 episodes before being cancelled, Michaels was identified as the anointed successor to Greene
Robert Edward Ted Turner III is an American media mogul and philanthropist. As a businessman, he is known as founder of the Cable News Network, in addition, he founded WTBS, which pioneered the superstation concept in cable television. As a philanthropist, he is known for his $1 billion gift to support the United Nations, which created the United Nations Foundation, Turner serves as Chairman of the United Nations Foundation board of directors. Additionally, in 2001, Turner co-founded the Nuclear Threat Initiative with US Senator Sam Nunn, NTI is a non-partisan organisation dedicated to reducing global reliance on, and preventing the proliferation of, nuclear and biological weapons. He currently serves as Co-Chairman of the Board of Directors, Turners media empire began with his fathers billboard business, Turner Outdoor Advertising, which he took over in 1963 after his fathers suicide. His purchase of an Atlanta UHF station in 1970 began the Turner Broadcasting System, CNN revolutionized news media, covering the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster in 1986 and the Persian Gulf War in 1991.
Turner turned the Atlanta Braves baseball team into a popular franchise. Turners penchant for controversial statements earned him the nicknames The Mouth of the South, Turner has devoted his assets to environmental causes. He was the largest private landowner in the United States until John C. Malone surpassed him in 2011 and he uses much of his land for ranches to re-popularize bison meat, amassing the largest herd in the world. He created the animated series Captain Planet and the Planeteers. Turner was born on November 19,1938 in Cincinnati, the son of Florence and Robert Edward Turner II, when he was nine, his family moved to Savannah, Georgia. He attended The McCallie School, a boys preparatory school in Chattanooga. Turner attended Brown University and was vice-president of the Brown Debating Union and he became a member of Kappa Sigma. Turners father wrote saying that his choice made him appalled, even horrified, Turner changed his major to Economics, but before receiving a diploma, he was expelled for having a female student in his dormitory room.
Turner was awarded an honorary B. A. from Brown University in November 1989 when he returned to campus to keynote the National Association of College Broadcasters second annual conference. After leaving Brown University, Turner returned to the South in late 1960 to become manager of the Macon. Following his fathers March 1963 suicide, Turner became president and chief executive of Turner Advertising Company when he was 24 and turned the firm into a global enterprise. He joined the Young Republicans, saying he felt at ease among these budding conservatives and was following in Ed Turners far-right footsteps
Roberto Irineu Marinho
Roberto Irineu Marinho is a Brazilian billionaire businessman. He is the co-owner, chairman and CEO of Grupo Globo, Roberto Irineu Marinho was born in Rio de Janeiro, RJ, the eldest son of three of the late Roberto Marinho. Following the death of Roberto Marinho in August 2003 aged 98, according to Forbes, Marinho has an estimated net worth of $3.8 billion as of March 2017. Marinho is a Roman Catholic, married with four children, and lives in Rio de Janeiro
Frank Stanton (executive)
Frank Nicholas Stanton was an American broadcasting executive who served as the president of CBS between 1946 and 1971 and as vice chairman until 1973. He served as the chairman of the Rand Corporation from 1961 until 1967, Stanton was born March 20,1908 in Muskegon, Michigan to Helen Josephine Schmidt and Frank Cooper Stanton. He attended Stivers School for the Arts in Dayton, Ohio and he attended Ohio Wesleyan University in Delaware, receiving a B. A. in 1930. He married his sweetheart, Ruth Stephenson, in 1931. He taught for one year in the arts department of a high school in Dayton, attended Ohio State University. He held a diploma from the American Board of Professional Psychology, soon after earning his Ph. D. Stanton became the third employee in the CBS research department. During World War II, he consulted for the Office of War Information, the Secretary of War, Stanton helped lead the fight for color television. By 1950 CBS had been working on its system of color TV for a decade. CBS color broadcasting only lasted for four months, CBS suspended it when the manufacture of color television receivers was halted by the U. S.
government as part of the Korean War effort. When the ban on color sets was rescinded in 1953 CBS announced that it had no plans to resume broadcasting using its field-sequential color system, a major problem with the CBS system was that the video was not compatible with existing black-and-white TV sets. A competing dot-sequential color system being developed by RCA was compatible, during the period of McCarthyism, Stanton created an office at CBS to review the political leanings of employees. Although right-wing journalists considered CBS left-leaning, branding it the Red Network, at Stantons direction, employees were required to take an oath of loyalty to the US government. According to radio historian Jim Cox, CBS and the blacklisting became synonymous, CBS, in response to the culture of blacklisting, instituted a purge of its own, as had Hollywood and president Truman, Paley was more responsible for policy setting, and Stanton its main executor. Good Night, and Good Luck, a 2005 movie portraying this era, left Stanton out of the film as a character, partly because Stanton was still living, Stanton played a role in the infamous controversy involving Arthur Godfrey, CBSs top money-earner in the early 1950s.
Godfrey insisted that the cast members of two of his three CBS shows, a group of known as the Little Godfreys, refrain from hiring managers. Godfrey did so on October 19,1953, without informing LaRosa before the airing, the move caused an enormous backlash against Godfrey. Stanton told Godfrey biographer Arthur Singer that Maybe was a mistake, Stanton organized the first televised presidential debate in American history. Stanton thereby enabled the first two-candidate presidential television debate, which was held at and televised from the CBS studio in Chicago, with candidates John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon
Gregory Dyke is a British media executive and broadcaster. He is the chairman of The Football Association. Dyke is a panellist on Sky News The Pledge, since the 1960s, Dyke has had a long career in the UK in print and broadcast journalism. He is credited with introducing tabloid television to British broadcasting, in the 1990s, he held chief executive positions at LWT Group, Pearson Television and Channel 5. He is the chairman of childrens television company HiT Entertainment, and was the Chancellor of the University of York from 2004 to 2015, Dyke was born in 1947, in Hayes, the youngest of three sons in a stable, lower middle class family. His father was an insurance salesman, the family lived at 17 Cerne Close until he was 9, moved to Cedars Drive, Hillingdon. He was educated at Yeading Primary School and Hayes Grammar School, after school he was briefly a trainee manager at Marks & Spencer before leaving to work as a trainee reporter for the Hillingdon Mirror, becoming chief reporter in eight months.
He left the Mirror after attempting to stage a union-backed protest against poor pay conditions by the staff of the work on the paper. He got a job at the Slough Evening Mail, amongst his colleagues was future music journalist Colin Irwin. He went on to study for a degree at the University of York as a mature student, during his time at York, Dyke was active in student politics, and was part of a collective that produced a psychedelic underground student magazine called Nouse. He met and married his first wife Christine Taylor whilst at the university, as he was a mature student with work experience, his politics were more of a traditional Labour supporter than some of the more radical far left students. His contemporaries and friends at York included future journalists Linda Grant and Peter Hitchens, Dyke was awarded an honorary doctorate from the University in 1999 and was Chancellor from 2004 to 2015. After university, Dyke followed his first wife to Newcastle and he had become disillusioned with newspaper journalism, and tried for a job as a junior reporter at BBC Radio Teesside.
He was unsuccessful, apparently because the interviewers felt no-one would understand his accent, Dyke instead found work covering rural affairs for the Newcastle Journal. He moved back to London with Christine in 1974 to become campaign officer for the Wandsworth Community Relations Council and he hated the job and left to campaign to be elected GLC councillor for Putney. He was given assistance getting a job at London Weekend Television by fellow ex-Newcastle journalist Nicholas Evans, Dyke got a junior position on LWTs local politics programme, in the current affairs department. His bosses there were John Birt and Peter Jay and he attracted attention for trying to give the programmes he worked on a more populist edge. This led to him being given the chance to launch a new evening current affairs topical news programme
Akio Morita was a Japanese businessman and co-founder of Sony along with Masaru Ibuka. Akio Morita was born in Nagoya, Japan, moritas family was involved in sake and soy sauce production in the village of Kosugaya on the western coast of Chita Peninsula in Aichi Prefecture since 1665. He was the oldest of four siblings and his father Kyuzaemon trained him as a child to take over the family business, however, found his true calling in mathematics and physics, and in 1944 he graduated from Osaka Imperial University with a degree in physics. He was commissioned as a sub-lieutenant in the Imperial Japanese Navy, during his service, Morita met his future business partner Masaru Ibuka in the Navys Wartime Research Committee. On May 7,1946, Morita and Ibuka founded Tokyo Tsushin Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha with about 20 employees, Ibuka was 38 years old, Morita,25. Moritas family invested in Sony during the period and was the largest shareholder. In 1949, the company developed magnetic recording tape and in 1950, in 1957, it produced a pocket-sized radio, and in 1958, Morita and Ibuka decided to rename their company Sony.
Morita was an advocate for all the products made by Sony, since the radio was slightly too big to fit in a shirt pocket, Morita made his employees wear shirts with slightly larger pockets to give the radio a pocket sized appearance. In 1960, it produced the first transistor television in the world, in 1973, Sony received an Emmy Award for its Trinitron television-set technology. In 1975, it released the first Betamax home video recorder, in 1979, the Walkman was introduced, making it one of the worlds first portable music players. In 1984, Sony launched the Discman series which extended their Walkman brand to portable CD products, in 1960, the Sony Corporation of America was established in the United States. In 1961, Sony Corporation was the first Japanese company to be listed on the New York Stock Exchange, in the form of American depositary receipts, which are traded over-the-counter. Sony bought CBS Records Group which consisted of Columbia Records, Epic Records and other CBS labels in 1988, on November 25,1994, Morita stepped down as Sony chairman after suffering a cerebral hemorrhage while playing tennis.
He was succeeded by Norio Ohga, who had joined the company in the 1950s after sending Morita a letter denouncing the poor quality of the tape recorders. Morita was vice chairman of the Japan Business Federation, and was a member of the Japan-U. S, economic Relations Group, known as the Wise Mens Group. He was the third Japanese chairman of the Trilateral Commission and his amateur radio call sign is JP1DPJ. In 1966, Morita wrote a book called Gakureki Muyō Ron, in 1986, Morita wrote an autobiography titled Made in Japan. The book was translated into English and caused controversy in the United States, Morita was awarded the Albert Medal by the United Kingdoms Royal Society of Arts in 1982, the first Japanese to receive the honor
Silvio Berlusconi is an Italian media tycoon and politician who served as Prime Minister of Italy in four governments. Berlusconi is the controlling shareholder of Mediaset and has owned the Italian football club A. C. Milan since 1986 and he is nicknamed Il Cavaliere for his Order of Merit for Labour, although he voluntarily resigned from this order in March 2014. In 2016, Forbes magazine ranked him as the 188th richest man in the world with a net worth of US$7.1 billion, in 2009, Forbes ranked him 12th in the List of The Worlds Most Powerful People due to his domination in Italian politics. He was the leader of the centre-right party Forza Italia from 1994 to 2009, since November 2013, he has led a revived Forza Italia. Berlusconi was the senior G8 leader from 2009 until 2011 and he holds the record of G8 Summit hosting. After serving nearly 19 years as member of the Chamber of Deputies, Italys lower house, on 1 August 2013, he was convicted of tax-fraud by the final appeal instance, Court of Cassation along with a public office ban for two years.
As his age exceeded 70 years, he was exempted from direct imprisonment, because of being sentenced to a gross imprisonment for more than two years, a new Italian anticorruption law made the Senate expel and bar him from serving any legislative office for six years. Berlusconi has pledged to stay leader of Forza Italia throughout the period where he serves his imprisonment sentence, Berlusconi is famous for his populist political style and brash, overbearing personality. Berlusconi was born in Milan in 1936, where he was raised in a middle-class family and his father, Luigi Berlusconi, was a bank employee, and his mother, Rosa Bossi, a housewife. Silvio was the first of three children, he had a sister, Maria Francesca Antonietta Berlusconi, and has a brother, Paolo Berlusconi. After completing his school education at a Salesian college, he studied law at the Università Statale in Milan, graduating in 1961. Berlusconi was not required to serve the standard one-year stint in the Italian army which was compulsory at the time, in life, he wrote AC Milans anthem with the Italian music producer and pop singer Tony Renis and Forza Italias anthem with the opera director Renato Serio.
With the Neapolitan singer Mariano Apicella, he wrote two Neapolitan song albums, Meglio na canzone in 2003 and Lultimo amore in 2006, in 1965, he married Carla Elvira DallOglio, and they had two children, Maria Elvira, better known as Marina, and Pier Silvio. By 1980, Berlusconi had established a relationship with the actress Veronica Lario and he was divorced from DallOglio in 1985, and married Lario in 1990. By this time, Berlusconi was an entrepreneur, and his wedding was a notable social event. One of his best men was Bettino Craxi, a prime minister and leader of the Italian Socialist Party. In May 2009, Lario announced that she was to file for divorce, in addition to his five children, Berlusconi has ten grandchildren. Berlusconis business career began in construction, in the late 1960s, he built Milano Due,4,000 residential apartments east of Milan