During the Counter-Reformation
, some Lutherans worshiped secretly, such as at the Hundskirke (which translates as dog church or dog altar). It a triangle shaped mass rock
in a ditch between crosses in Paternion
, Austria. The crowned serpent is possibly an allusion to Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor
, while the dog possibly refers to Peter Canisius
. Another figure interpreted as a snail carrying a church tower is possibly a metaphor for the Protestant church. Also on the rock is the number 1599 and a phrase translating as "thus gets in the world."