Historic districts in the United States
Buildings, structures and sites within a historic district are normally divided into two categories and non-contributing. Districts greatly vary in size, some have hundreds of structures, the U. S. federal government designates historic districts through the United States Department of Interior under the auspices of the National Park Service. Federally designated historic districts are listed on the National Register of Historic Places, state-level historic districts may follow similar criteria or may require adherence to certain historic rehabilitation standards. Local historic district designation offers, by far, the most legal protection for historic properties because most land use decisions are made at the local level, local districts are generally administered by the county or municipal government. The first U. S. historic district was established in Charleston, South Carolina in 1931, Charleston city government designated an Old and Historic District by local ordinance and created a board of architectural review to oversee it.
New Orleans followed in 1937, establishing the Vieux Carré Commission, other localities picked up on the concept, with the city of Philadelphia enacting its historic preservation ordinance in 1955. The Supreme Court case validated the protection of resources as an entirely permissible governmental goal. In 1966 the federal government created the National Register of Historic Places, conference of Mayors had stated Americans suffered from rootlessness. By the 1980s there were thousands of federally designated historic districts, Historic districts are generally two types of properties and non-contributing. In general, contributing properties are integral parts of the historic context, in addition to the two types of classification within historic districts, properties listed on the National Register of Historic Places are classified into five broad categories. They are, structure, site and object, all but the eponymous district category are applied to historic districts listed on the National Register.
A listing on the National Register of Historic Places is governmental acknowledgment of a historic district, the Register is an honorary status with some federal financial incentives. The National Register of Historic Places defines a historic district per U. S. federal law, a district may comprise individual elements separated geographically but linked by association or history. Districts established under U. S. federal guidelines generally begin the process of designation through a nomination to the National Register of Historic Places, the National Register is the official recognition by the U. S. government of cultural resources worthy of preservation. While designation through the National Register does offer a district or property some protections, if the federal government is not involved, the listing on the National Register provides the site, property or district no protections. If, company A was under federal contract the Smith House would be protected, a federal designation is little more than recognition by the government that the resource is worthy of preservation.
Usually, the National Register does not list religious structures, moved structures, reconstructed structures, however, if a property falls into one of those categories and are integral parts of districts that do meet the criteria an exception allowing their listing will be made. Historic district listings, like all National Register nominations, can be rejected on the basis of owner disapproval, in the case of historic districts, a majority of owners must object in order to nullify a nomination to the National Register of Historic Places
Fleisher Covered Bridge
The Fleisher Covered Bridge is a historic wooden covered bridge located at Oliver Township near Newport in Perry County, Pennsylvania. It is a 113-foot-long Burr truss bridge, constructed in 1887, steel I-beams were erected in 1960. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980
Perry County, Pennsylvania
Perry County is a county located in the U. S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 45,969, the county seat is New Bloomfield. The county was created on March 22,1820, and was named after Oliver Hazard Perry and it was originally part of Cumberland County and was created in part because residents did not want to travel over the mountain to Carlisle. Perry County is included in the Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area, in 2010, the center of population of Pennsylvania was located in the eastern end of Perry County. Green Park, a village located in northeastern Tyrone Township. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 556 square miles. The population density was 79 people per square mile, there were 18,941 housing units at an average density of 34 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 98. 54% White,0. 43% Black or African American,0. 12% Native American,0. 15% Asian,0. 01% Pacific Islander,0. 21% from other races, and 0. 54% from two or more races. 0.
69% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race,45. 8% were of German,16. 4% American,7. 8% Irish and 5. 0% English ancestry according to Census 2000. 96. 8% spoke English and 1. 2% Spanish as their first language,21. 7% of all households were made up of individuals and 9. 30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the family size was 3.01. There is a population of Amish. In Perry County, the population was out with 25. 5% under the age of 18,7. 4% from 18 to 24,29. 8% from 25 to 44,25. 1% from 45 to 64. The median age was 38 years, for every 100 females there were 98.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.9 males, Perry Countys live birth rate was 609 births in 1990. The Countys live birth rate in 2000 had declined sharply to 511 births, over the past 50 years, rural Pennsylvania saw a steady decline in both the number and proportion of residents under 18 years old. In 1960,1.06 million rural residents, or 35 percent of the population, were children.
The United States Office of Management and Budget has designated Perry County as the Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area
Kochendefer Covered Bridge
The Kochendefer Covered Bridge is a historic wooden covered bridge located at Saville Township in Perry County, Pennsylvania. It is a 72-foot-long, modified king post, queen post truss bridge and it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1980. National Register of Historic Places listings in Perry County, Pennsylvania
The Rockville Bridge, at the time of its completion in 1902, and remains, the longest stone masonry arch railroad viaduct in the world. Constructed between April 1900 and March 1902 by the Pennsylvania Railroad, it has forty-eight 70-foot spans, the bridge crosses the Susquehanna River about 5 miles north of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. The eastern end is in Rockville, and the end is just south of Marysville. The original bridge on the spot opened on September 1,1849, the Northern Central Railway began to use it after abandoning their Marysville Bridge. The current bridge was built by Italian laborers, who worked for two contractors, one on the east side of the Susquehanna River and one on the west, local people from the Harrisburg area worked on the bridge. For most of its life the bridge carried four main line tracks and they were reduced to three in the 1980s when the PRR Main Line was modernized across Pennsylvania. The additional higher weight began pushing out on the sides of the bridge and this led to the failure of the downriver side under the weight of a coal train.
When the sidewall failed, it disproved the popular thought that the core of the bridge was filled with concrete. During times of flooding it was routine to park trains on the bridge for extra strength. Currently, the bridge is used by the Norfolk Southern Railway, the bridge was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1975. List of bridges documented by the Historic American Engineering Record in Pennsylvania List of crossings of the Susquehanna River Cupper, Rockville Bridge -- Rails Across the Susquehenna. John Wiley & Sons, New York