Lincoln Edward Kirstein was an American writer, art connoisseur and cultural figure in New York City, noted especially as co-founder of the New York City Ballet. He developed and sustained the company with his ability and fundraising for more than four decades. According to the New York Times, he was an expert in fields, organizing art exhibits. Kirstein was born in Rochester, New York to Jewish parents and his sister was Mina Kirstein and his paternal grandparents were Jeanette and Edward Kirstein, a successful Rochester clothing manufacturer who ran E. Kirstein and Sons, Company. He grew up in a wealthy Jewish Bostonian family and attended the private Berkshire School, along with George Platt Lynes and he attended Harvard, where his father, the vice-president of Filenes Department Store, had attended, graduating in 1930. His maternal grandfather was Nathan Stein, an executive at the Stein-Bloch & Co. in Rochester. In 1927, while still an undergraduate at Harvard, Kirstein was annoyed that the literary magazine The Harvard Advocate would not accept his work.
With a friend Varian Fry, who met his wife Eileen through Lincolns sister Mina, he convinced his father to finance their own literary quarterly, after graduation, he moved to New York in 1930, taking the quarterly with him. His interest in ballet and Balanchine started when he saw Balanchines Apollo performed by the Ballets Russes, Kirstein became determined to bring Balanchine to America. In October 1933, together with Edward Warburg, a classmate from Harvard, in 1934, the studio moved to the fourth floor of a building at Madison Avenue and 59th Street in New York City. Warburgs father, Felix M. Warburg, invited the group of students from the class to perform at a private party. The ballet they performed was Serenade, the first major ballet choreographed by Balanchine in the United States, just months Kirstein and Warburg founded, together with Balanchine and Dimitriew, the American Ballet which became the resident company of the Metropolitan Opera. That arrangement was unsatisfactory because the Opera would not allow Balanchine, Kirsteins theatrical career was interrupted by the United States entry into World War II.
After enlisting in 1943, before going overseas he started working on a gathering and documenting soldier art. He eventually developed this as the exhibit and book Artists Under Fire, the section was devoted to rescuing and preserving European art. Soon after in January 1945, Kirstein was promoted to Private First Class in Pattons Third Army, Kirstein was personally involved with retrieving artworks around Munich and from the salt mines at Altaussee. His article The Quest for the Golden Lamb about the quest was published in Town & Country in September 1945, in 1946, Balanchine and Kirstein founded the Ballet Society, which was renamed the New York City Ballet in 1948. In a letter that year, Kirstein stated, The only justification I have is to enable Balanchine to do exactly what he wants to do in the way he wants to do it, Kirstein went on to serve as the companys General Director from 1946 until 1989
Jerome Robbins was an American choreographer, director and theater producer who worked in classical ballet, on Broadway, and in films and television. He received two Academy Awards, including the 1961 Academy Award for Best Director with Robert Wise for West Side Story, Robbins was born Jerome Wilson Rabinowitz in the Jewish Maternity Hospital at 270 East Broadway on Manhattan’s Lower East Side – a neighborhood populated by many immigrants. The Rabinowitz family lived in an apartment house at 51 East 97th Street at the northeast corner of Madison Avenue. Known as Jerry to those close to him, Robbins was given a name that reflected his parents patriotic enthusiasm for the then-president. In the early 1920s, the Rabinowitz family moved to Weehawken and his father and uncle opened the Comfort Corset Company in Union City, New Jersey. The family had many business connections, including vaudeville performers. In the 1940s, their name was changed to Robbins. Robbins began studying dance in high school with Alys Bentley.
Said Robbins later, What gave me immediately was the freedom to make up my own dances without inhibition or doubts. ”After graduation he went to study chemistry at New York University but dropped out after a year for financial reasons. He joined the company of Senya Gluck Sandor, a exponent of expressionistic modern dance. While a member of Sandor’s company Robbins made his debut with the Yiddish Art Theater. Robbins had begun creating dances for Tamiment’s Revues, some comic and some dramatic, one such dance, also performed in New York City at the 92nd Street Y, was “Strange Fruit, ” set to the song performed indelibly by Billie Holiday. In 1946, Robbins joined Ballet Theatre, Robbins created and performed in Fancy Free, a ballet about sailors on liberty, at the Metropolitan Opera as part of the Ballet Theatre season in 1944. One of Fancy Frees inspirations was Paul Cadmus 1934 painting The Fleets In, Robbins scenario was more lighthearted than the painting. Robbins commissioned a score for the ballet from the then-unknown Leonard Bernstein, with Fancy Free, Robbins created a dance that integrated classic ballet, 1940’s social dancing, and a screwball plotline.
Later that year, Robbins conceived and choreographed On the Town, a musical inspired by Fancy Free. Bernstein wrote the music and Smith designed the sets, the book and lyrics were by a team that Robbins would work with again, Betty Comden and Adolph Green, and the director was the Broadway legend George Abbott. Because Robbins, as choreographer, insisted that his chorus reflect the diversity of a New York City crowd
Frank Russell Capra was an Italian-American film director and writer who became the creative force behind some of the major award-winning films of the 1930s and 1940s. Born in Italy and raised in Los Angeles from the age of five, during World War II, Capra served in the U. S. Army Signal Corps and produced propaganda films, such as the Why We Fight series. After World War II, Capras career declined as his films such as Its a Wonderful Life. In succeeding decades, these films have been favorably reassessed, outside of directing, Capra was active in the film industry, engaging in various political and social issues. He served as President of the Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences, worked alongside the Screenwriters Guild, Capra was born Francesco Rosario Capra in Bisacquino, Sicily, a village near Palermo. He was the youngest of seven children of Salvatore Capra, a grower. The name Capra, notes Capras biographer Joseph McBride, represents his familys closeness to the land, and means goat.
For Capra, the journey, which took 13 days, remained in his mind for the rest of his life as one of his worst experiences, very few people have trunks or anything that takes up space. They have just what they can carry in their hands or in a bag, theres no ventilation, and it stinks like hell. Its the most degrading place you could ever be, Capra remembers the ships arrival in New York Harbor, where he saw a statue of a great lady, taller than a church steeple, holding a torch above the land we were about to enter. He recalls his fathers exclamation at the sight, look, thats the greatest light since the star of Bethlehem. The family settled in Los Angeless East Side which Capra described in his autobiography as an Italian ghetto, Capras father worked as a fruit picker and young Capra sold newspapers after school for 10 years, until he graduated from high school. Instead of working after graduating, as his parents wanted, he enrolled in college and he studied chemical engineering and graduated in the spring of 1918.
Capra wrote that his education had changed his whole viewpoint on life from the viewpoint of an alley rat to the viewpoint of a cultured person. Soon after graduating college, Capra was commissioned in the US Army as a second lieutenant, in the Army, he taught mathematics to artillerymen at Fort Point, San Francisco. His father died during the war in an accident, in the Army, Capra contracted Spanish flu and was medically discharged to return home to live with his mother. He became a naturalized U. S. citizen in 1920, living at home with his siblings and mother, Capra was the only family member with a college education, yet he was the only one who remained chronically unemployed. After recovering at home, Capra moved out and spent the few years living in flophouses in San Francisco and hopping freight trains
Hallmark Cards, Incorporated is a privately owned American company based in Kansas City, Missouri. Founded in 1910 by Joyce Hall, Hallmark is the largest manufacturer of greeting cards in the United States, in 1985, the company was awarded the National Medal of Arts. Joyce Clyde Hall became captivated by a salesman who stopped by his familys store in 1906 in Norfolk, driven by the postcard craze of 1903, Hall decided to venture from retail of various products to wholesale of postcards. He moved his business to the market of Kansas City. As time went on, Hall became convinced that greeting cards would become more prominent than postcards. Greeting cards, according to J. C. Hall, represented class, promised discretion and they were more than a form of communication—they were a social custom. ”By 1915, the company was known as Hall Brothers and sold Valentines Day and Christmas cards. In 1917, Hall and his brother Rollie invented modern wrapping paper when they ran out of traditional colored tissue paper, in 1922, the company expanded throughout the country.
The staff grew from 4 to 120 people, and the line increased from holiday cards to include everyday greeting cards. In 1928, the company adopted the name Hallmark, after the symbol used by goldsmiths in London in the 14th century. In the same year, the became the first in the greeting card industry to advertise their product nationally. Their first advertisement appeared in Ladies Home Journal and was written by J. C. Hall himself. In 1931, the Canadian William E. Coutts Company, Ltd. a major card maker, became an affiliate of Hall Brothers, in 1944, it adopted its current slogan, When you care enough to send the very best. It was created by C. E. Goodman, a Hallmark marketing and sales executive, the card is on display at the company headquarters. In 1951, Hall sponsored a program for NBC that gave rise to the Hallmark Hall of Fame. Hallmark now has its own television channel, the Hallmark Channel which was established in 2001. For a period of about 15 years, Hallmark owned a stake in the Spanish language network Univision, in 1954, the company name was changed from Hall Brothers to Hallmark.
In 1958, William E. Coutts Company, Ltd. was acquired by Hallmark, until the 1990s, in 1998, Hallmark made a number of acquisitions, including Britain-based Creative Publishing, and U. S. based InterArt. Worldwide, Hallmark has 11,000 full-time employees, about 3,100 Hallmarkers work at the Kansas City headquarters
Lewis Mumford, KBE was an American historian, philosopher of technology, and literary critic. Particularly noted for his study of cities and urban architecture, he had a career as a writer. Mumford was influenced by the work of Scottish theorist Sir Patrick Geddes, Mumford was a contemporary and friend of Frank Lloyd Wright, Clarence Stein, Frederic Osborn, Edmund N. Bacon, and Vannevar Bush. Mumford was born in Flushing, New York and graduated from Stuyvesant High School in 1912 and he studied at the City College of New York and The New School for Social Research, but became ill with tuberculosis and never finished his degree. In 1918 he joined the navy to serve in World War I and was assigned as a radio electrician and he was discharged in 1919 and became associate editor of The Dial, an influential modernist literary journal. He worked for The New Yorker where he wrote architectural criticism, Mumfords earliest books in the field of literary criticism have had a lasting impact on contemporary American literary criticism.
Soon after, with the book The Brown Decades, he began to establish himself as an authority in American architecture and urban life, which he interpreted in a social context. In his early writings on life, Mumford was optimistic about human abilities and wrote that the human race would use electricity. He would take a more pessimistic stance and his early architectural criticism helped to bring wider public recognition to the work of Henry Hobson Richardson, Louis Sullivan and Frank Lloyd Wright. In 1963, Mumford received the Frank Jewett Mather Award for art criticism from the College Art Association, Mumford received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1964. In 1975 Mumford was made an honorary Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire, in 1976, he was awarded the Prix mondial Cino Del Duca. In 1986, he was awarded the National Medal of Arts and he served as the architectural critic for The New Yorker magazine for over 30 years. His 1961 book, The City in History, received the National Book Award, Lewis Mumford died at the age of 94 at his home in Amenia, New York on January 26,1990.
Nine years it was listed on the National Register of Historic Places and his wife Sophia died in 1997, at age 97. In his book The Condition of Man, published in 1944, the term is an important one because it sets limits on human possibilities, limits that are aligned with the nature of the human body. Mumford never forgot the importance of air quality, of food availability, of the quality of water, or the comfort of spaces and progress could never become a runaway train in his reasoning, so long as organic humanism was there to act as a brake. Mumfords respect for nature, that is to say, the natural characteristics of being human, provided him with a platform from which to assess technologies. Thus his criticism and counsel with respect to the city and with respect to the implementation of technology was fundamentally organized around the organic humanism to which he ascribed
Helen Hayes MacArthur was an American actress whose career spanned almost 80 years. She eventually garnered the nickname First Lady of American Theatre and was one of 12 people who have won an Emmy, a Grammy, an Oscar, Hayes received the Presidential Medal of Freedom, Americas highest civilian honor, from then-President Ronald Reagan in 1986. In 1988, she was awarded the National Medal of Arts, the annual Helen Hayes Awards, which have recognized excellence in professional theatre in greater Washington, DC, since 1984, are her namesake. In 1955, the former Fulton Theatre on 46th Street in New York Citys Broadway Theater District was renamed the Helen Hayes Theatre, when that venue was torn down in 1982, the nearby Little Theatre was renamed in her honor. Helen Hayes is regarded as one of the Greatest Leading Ladies of the 20th century theatre, Helen Hayes Brown was born in Washington, D. C. on October 10,1900. Her mother, Catherine Estelle, or Essie, was an actress who worked in touring companies.
Her father, Francis van Arnum Brown, worked at a number of jobs, including as a clerk at the Washington Patent Office and as a manager, Hayes Irish Catholic maternal grandparents emigrated from Ireland during the Irish Potato Famine. Hayes began a career at an early age. She attended the Academy of the Sacred Heart Convent in Washington and her sound film debut was The Sin of Madelon Claudet, for which she won the Academy Award for Best Actress. She followed that with starring roles in Arrowsmith, A Farewell to Arms, The White Sister, What Every Woman Knows, Hayes did not prefer that medium to the stage. In 1951, she was involved with the Broadway revival of J. M. Barries play Mary Rose at the ANTA Playhouse, in 1953, she was the first-ever recipient of the Sarah Siddons Award for her work in Chicago theatre, repeating as the winner in 1969. She returned to Hollywood in the 1950s, and her star began to rise. She starred in My Son John and Anastasia, and won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her role as a stowaway in the disaster film Airport.
She followed that up with roles in Disney films such as Herbie Rides Again, One of Our Dinosaurs is Missing. Her performance in Anastasia was considered a comeback—she had suspended her career for years due to the death of her daughter Mary. In 1955, the Fulton Theatre was renamed for her, business interests in the 1980s wished to raze that theatre and four others to construct a large hotel that included the Marquis Theatre. Parts of the original Helen Hayes Theatre on Broadway were used to construct the Shakespeare Center on the Upper Westside of Manhattan, which Hayes dedicated with Joseph Papp in 1982. In 1983 the Little Theater on West 45th Street was renamed the Helen Hayes Theatre in her honor, as was a theatre in Nyack, which has since been renamed the Riverspace-Arts Center
Martha Graham was an American modern dancer and choreographer. Her influence on dance has been compared with the influence of Picasso on modern visual arts, the influence of Stravinsky on music, and she danced and choreographed for over seventy years. Graham was the first dancer to perform at the White House, travel abroad as an ambassador, and receive the highest civilian award of the US. In her lifetime she received honors ranging from the Key to the City of Paris to Japans Imperial Order of the Precious Crown and she said, in the 1994 documentary The Dancer Revealed, I have spent all my life with dance and being a dancer. Its permitting life to use you in an intense way. Her style, the Graham technique, fundamentally reshaped American dance and is taught worldwide. Graham was born in Allegheny City – to become part of Pittsburgh and her father George Graham practiced as what in the Victorian era was known as an alienist, a practitioner of an early form of psychiatry. Dr. Graham was a third-generation American of Irish descent and her mother Jane Beers was a second-generation American of Irish, Scots-Irish, and English descent and was a sixth-generation descendant of Myles Standish.
While her parents provided an environment in her youth, it was not one that encouraged dancing. The Graham family moved to Santa Barbara, California when Martha was fourteen years old, in 1911, she attended the first dance performance of her life, watching Ruth St. Denis perform at the Mason Opera House in Los Angeles. In the mid-1910s, Martha Graham began her studies at the newly created Denishawn School of Dancing and Related Arts, founded by Ruth St. Denis and Ted Shawn, at which she would stay until 1923. In 1925, Graham was employed at the Eastman School of Music where Rouben Mamoulian was head of the School of Drama, among other performances, together Mamoulian and Graham produced a short two-color film called The Flute of Krishna, featuring Eastman students. Mamoulian left Eastman shortly thereafter and Graham chose to leave also, in 1926, the Martha Graham Center of Contemporary Dance was established. On April 18 of the same year Graham debuted her first independent concert and this performance took place at the 48th Street Theatre in Manhattan.
She would say of the concert, Everything I did was influenced by Denishawn, on November 28,1926 Martha Graham and others in her company gave a dance recital at the Klaw Theatre in New York City. One of Grahams students was heiress Bethsabée de Rothschild with whom she became close friends, when Rothschild moved to Israel and established the Batsheva Dance Company in 1965, Graham became the companys first director. Grahams technique pioneered a principle known as Contraction and Release in modern dance, in 1936, Graham created Chronicle which brought serious issues to the stage in a dramatic manner. That same year, she declined Hitlers invitation to perform at the International Arts Festival,1938 became a big year for Graham, the Roosevelts invited Graham to dance at the White House, making her the first dancer to perform there
Agnes de Mille
Agnes George de Mille was an American dancer and choreographer. Agnes de Mille was born in New York City into a family of theater professionals. Her father William C. deMille and her uncle Cecil B and her mother, Anna Angela George, was the daughter of Henry George, the economist. On her fathers side, Agnes was the granddaughter of playwright Henry Churchill de Mille and she had a love for acting and originally wanted to be an actress, but was told that she was not pretty enough, so she turned her attention to dance. As a child, she had longed to dance, but dance at time was considered more of an activity, rather than a viable career option. She did not seriously consider dancing as a career until after she graduated from college, when de Milles younger sister was prescribed ballet classes to cure her flat feet, de Mille joined her. De Mille lacked flexibility and technique and did not have a dancers body, classical ballet was the most widely known dance form at this time, and de Milles apparent lack of ability limited her opportunities.
One of de Mille’s earliest jobs, thanks to her father’s connections, was choreographing the Cecil B, deMilles dance director LeRoy Prinz clashed with the younger de Mille. Her uncle always deferred to Prinz, even agreeing to his nieces dances in advance. Although de Mille continued to choreograph nearly up to the time of her death—her final ballet, on the strength of Rodeo, de Mille was hired to choreograph the musical show Oklahoma. The dream ballet, in which dancers Marc Platt, Katherine Sergava, instead of functioning as an interlude or divertissement, the ballet provided key insights into the heroines emotional troubles. De Milles success on Broadway did not translate into success in Hollywood and her only significant film credit is Oklahoma. She was not invited to recreate her choreography for either Brigadoon or Carousel and her love for acting played a very important role in her choreography. De Mille revolutionized musical theatre by creating choreography which not only conveyed the emotional dimensions of the characters and her choreography, as a reflection of her awareness of acting, reflected the angst and turmoil of the characters instead of simply focusing on a dancers physical technique.
Krupska and Ray served as de Milles assistant choreographers, in 1973, de Mille founded the Agnes de Mille Dance Theatre, which she revived as Heritage Dance Theatre. De Mille developed a love for public speaking, becoming an advocate for dance in America. She spoke in front of Congress three times, once in the Senate, once in the House of Representatives, and once for the Committee for Medical Research. She was interviewed in the documentary series Hollywood, A Celebration of the American Silent Film primarily discussing the work of her uncle Cecil B
John Hoyer Updike was an American novelist, short story writer, art critic, and literary critic. Hundreds of his stories and poems appeared in The New Yorker starting in 1954 and he wrote regularly for The New York Review of Books. His most famous work is his Rabbit series, which chronicles the life of the middle-class everyman Harry Rabbit Angstrom over the course of several decades, both Rabbit Is Rich and Rabbit at Rest were recognized with the Pulitzer Prize. Updike populated his fiction with characters who frequently experience personal turmoil and must respond to crises relating to religion, family obligations and his work has attracted significant critical attention and praise, and he is widely considered one of the great American writers of his time. He described his style as an attempt to give the mundane its beautiful due, Updike was born in Reading, the only child of Linda Grace and Wesley Russell Updike, and was raised in the nearby small town of Shillington. The family moved to the village of Plowville.
His mothers attempts to become a published writer impressed the young Updike, one of my earliest memories, he recalled, is of seeing her at her desk. I admired the writers equipment, the typewriter eraser, the boxes of clean paper, and I remember the brown envelopes that stories would go off in—and come back in. These early years in Berks County, would influence the environment of the Rabbit Angstrom tetralogy, as well as many of his early novels, Updike graduated from Shillington High School as co-valedictorian and class president in 1950 and attended Harvard with a full scholarship. He received recognition for his writing as a teenager by winning a Scholastic Art, at Harvard, he soon became well known among his classmates as a talented and prolific contributor to the Harvard Lampoon, of which he served as president. He graduated summa cum laude in 1954 with a degree in English and was elected to Phi Beta Kappa, upon graduation, Updike attended The Ruskin School of Drawing and Fine Art at the University of Oxford with the ambition of becoming a cartoonist.
After returning to the United States and his moved to New York. This was the beginning of his writing career. Updike stayed at The New Yorker as a staff writer for only two years, writing Talk of the Town columns and submitting poetry and short stories to the magazine. In New York, Updike wrote the poems and stories came to fill his early books like The Carpentered Hen. These works were influenced by Updikes early engagement with The New Yorker and this early work featured the influence of J. D. Salinger, John Cheever, and the Modernists Marcel Proust, Henry Green, James Joyce, and Vladimir Nabokov. During this time, Updike underwent a spiritual crisis. Suffering from a loss of faith, he began reading Søren Kierkegaard
Eva Le Gallienne
Eva Le Gallienne was a British-born American stage actress, director and author. A broadway star by age 21, Le Gallienne consciously ended her work on Broadway to devote herself to founding the Civic Repertory Theater, noted for her boldness and idealism, she became a pioneering figure in the American Repertory Movement, which enabled todays Off-Broadway. A versatile and eloquent actress herself, Le Gallienne became a stage coach, director. Ms. Le Gallienne consciously devoted herself to the Art of the Theatre as opposed to the Show Business of Broadway and she ran the Civic Repertory Theatre Company for 10 years, producing 37 plays during that time. Le Gallienne was born in London to an English poet of French descent, Richard Le Gallienne, after Evas parents separated when she was four years old and her mother moved to Paris, where she spent her childhood shuttling back and forth between there and Britain. While in Paris, she was taken backstage to meet Sarah Bernhardt and she made her stage debut at the age of 15 with a walk-on role in a 1914 production of Maurice Maeterlincks Monna Vanna, spent several months in a drama school.
She left to perform in a comedy as a cockney servant. She spent a season performing on the road and in summer stock, Le Gallienne consciously devoted herself to the Art of the Theatre as opposed to the Show Business of Broadway, and was a pioneer in the emerging American Repertory Theater. As head of the Civic Repertory Theatre, she rejected the admission of Bette Davis, whose attitude she described as insincere, the Civic Rep disbanded at the height of the Depression in 1934, having mounted 34 productions. Le Gallienne was awarded the National Medal of Arts in 1986, Le Gallienne never hid her lesbianism inside the acting community, but reportedly was never comfortable with her sexuality, struggling privately with it. She reportedly briefly considered arranging for a front marriage with actor Basil Rathbone. In 1918, while in Hollywood, she began an affair with the great actress Alla Nazimova, who was at her height of fame, the affair ended reportedly due to Nazimovas jealousy. Nonetheless, Nazimova liked Le Gallienne greatly, and assisted in her being introduced to influential people of the day.
It was Nazimova who coined the phrase sewing circles, to describe the intricate, Le Gallienne was involved for some time with actresses Tallulah Bankhead, Beatrice Lillie and Laurette Taylor during that time. In 1920, she became involved with poet and playwright Mercedes de Acosta about whom she was passionate for several years and she and de Acosta began their romance shortly after de Acostas marriage to Abram Poole which strained their relationship. Still, they vacationed and travelled together often, at times visiting the salon of famed writer, de Acosta wrote two plays for Le Gallienne during that time, Sandro Botticelli and Jehanne de Arc. They ended their relationship after five years, in 1960, when de Acosta was seriously ill with a brain tumour and in need of money, she published her memoir, Here Lies the Heart. The reviews were positive and many close friends praised the book, Le Gallienne was furious, denouncing de Acosta as a liar and claiming she invented the stories for fame
Paul Mellon was an American philanthropist and an owner/breeder of thoroughbred racehorses. He is one of five people ever designated an Exemplar of Racing by the National Museum of Racing. He was co-heir to one of Americas greatest business fortunes, derived from the Mellon Bank created by his grandfather Thomas Mellon, his father Andrew W. Mellon, Mellons autobiography, Reflections in a Silver Spoon, was published in 1992. He died at his home, Oak Spring, in Upperville, Virginia and he was survived by his wife, his children, Catherine Conover and Timothy Mellon, and two stepchildren, Stacy Lloyd III and Eliza, Viscountess Moore. Paul Mellon was the son of Andrew W. Mellon, US Secretary of the Treasury from 1921 to 1932, and Nora McMullen of Hertfordshire and brother of Ailsa Mellon-Bruce. He was a benefactor of his alma maters, donating the Mellon Arts Center and the Mellon Science Center to Choate. After graduating from Yale he went to England to study at Clare College, receiving a BA in 1931, in 1930 he was a founding member, alongside Sir Timothy William Gowers, of the CRABS, the Clare Rugby And Boating Society.
In 1938 he received an MA from Clare College and he was a major benefactor to Clare Colleges Forbes-Mellon library, opened in 1986. Mellon returned to Pittsburgh, to work for Mellon Bank and other businesses for six months, in 1935, he married Mary Conover Brown and the couple, who had two children and Timothy, moved to Virginia. He enrolled at St. Johns College in Annapolis, Maryland in 1940 but six months joined the United States Army, Mellon served with the Office of Strategic Services in Europe. He rose to the rank of major and was the recipient of four Bronze Stars, after his wife Marys death in 1946 from an asthma attack, he married Rachel Lambert Lloyd, known as Bunny, the former wife of Stacy Barcroft Lloyd Jr. She was a descendant of the Lambert family who formulated and marketed Listerine, Bunny Mellon was an avid horticulturist and gardener, whose fondness for French Impressionist and Post-Impressionist painting, as well as American art, Mellon came to share. By this marriage, he had two stepchildren, Stacy Lloyd III and Eliza Lambert Lloyd, while Mellon did not share his fathers interest in business, the two found common ground in their love of art and philanthropy.
Shortly before Andrew Mellons death in 1937, construction began on the West Building of the National Gallery of Art in Washington, four years Paul Mellon presented both the building by John Russell Pope and his fathers collection of 115 paintings to the nation. He served on the board for more than four decades, as trustee, as president, as board chair. Mellon commissioned I. M. Pei to build the East Building and, with his sister Ailsa, over the years he and his wife Bunny donated more than 1,000 works to the National Gallery, among them many French and American masterworks. In 1936 Mellon purchased his first British painting, Pumpkin with a Stable-lad by George Stubbs, beginning in the late 1950s, with the help of English art historian Basil Taylor, Mellon amassed a major collection by the mid-1960s. London art dealer Geoffrey Agnew once said of his acquisitions, “It took an American collector to make the English look again at their own paintings. ”Mellon granted his extensive collection of British art, rare books, and related materials to Yale University in the 1960s, along with the funding to create an appropriate museum to house it