History of Quebec City
Quebec City, capital of the province of Quebec, Canada, is one of the oldest European settlements in North America. Quebec City was founded by the French explorer and navigator Samuel de Champlain in 1608, commencing a string of French colonies along the St. Lawrence River, creating a region named le Canada. Prior to the arrival of the French, the location that would become Quebec City was the home of a small Iroquois village called Stadacona. Jacques Cartier, a French explorer, was the first European to ascend the St. Lawrence Gulf, jacques Cartier and his crew spent a harsh winter near Stadacona during his second voyage in 1535. The word Kebec is an Algonquin word meaning where the river narrows, by the time Champlain came to this site, the Iroquois population had disappeared and been replaced by Innu and Algonquins. Champlain and his crew built a fort which they called lhabitation within only a few days of their arrival. This early fort and trading post exists today as a site in Old Quebec.
After the settlement of Port Royal in Acadia, the colonization effort by the French occurred in 1608. Samuel de Champlain built lHabitation to house 28 people, the first winter proved formidable, and 20 of 28 men died. By 1615, the first four arrived in Quebec. Among the first successful French settlers were Marie Rollet and her husband, Louis Hebert, the first French child born in Quebec was Helene Desportes, in 1620, to Pierre Desportes and Francoise Langlois, whose father was a member of the Hundred Associates. The population of Quebec City arrived at 100 in 1627, less than a dozen of whom were women, with the invasion of Quebec by David Kirke and his brothers in 1628, Champlain returned to France with approximately 60 out of 80 settlers. When the French returned to Quebec in 1632, they constructed a city based on the framework of a traditional French ville in which the 17th century city was a reflection of its society, Quebec remained an outpost until well into the 1650s. As in other locations throughout New France, the population could be split into the colonial elites, including clergy and government officials, the craftsmen and artisans, and the engagés.
The city contained only about thirty homes in 1650, and one hundred by 1663, Jean Bourdon, the first engineer and surveyor of New France, helped plan the city, almost from his arrival in 1634. However, despite attempts to utilize urban planning, the city outgrew its planned area. Population continually increased, with the city boasting 1300 inhabitants by 1681, the city quickly experienced overcrowding, especially in the lower town, which contained two-thirds of the population of the city by 1700. The numbers became more evenly distributed by 1744, with the town housing only a third of the population
Charlesbourg, Quebec City
Founded in 1659, Charlesbourg is a borough of Quebec City, in the northeastern part of the city and West of the borough of Beauport. Incorporated in 1976 following the merger of the cities of Orsainville, Notre-Dame-des-Laurentides, the town of Charlesbourg and it became part of Quebec City on January 1,2002 after a controversial province-wide city merger project. This residential suburb of Quebec City is the fourth-largest urban centre of the Québec Urban Community, like Beauport, it has increased by more than 20,000 people over the last 25 years. The name Charlesbourg originates from this time from a chapel built at Bourg-Royal, the village site at the Trait-Carré had a rather characteristic triangular parcelling-out of the land radiating outwards from a central square, in the centre of which the church was located. The land allotted to every tenant would fan out from that point in a triangular shape away from the town square. This geographical and architectural trademark of Old Charlesbourg, recognized as a historic site, is well worth a visit by enthusiasts of cultural geography.
There are only two examples of this kind of settlement layout in all of Canada and Bourg-Royal, former NHL hockey player Marc Chouinard. Olympic gold medalist speed skater Gaétan Boucher, composer & Pianist Steve Barakatt Municipal reorganization in Quebec The Trait-Carré of Charlesbourg - The Only Star-Shaped Village in Canada. - Online Exhibition of the Virtual Museum of Canada
Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures is a city in central Quebec, Canada, on the Saint Lawrence River, adjacent to Quebec City. The town was founded in 1691 by three families and it was merged with Quebec City on January 1,2002 as part of the 2000–2006 municipal reorganization in Quebec and became part of the Laurentien borough of that city. However, after a 2004 referendum it was re-established as a city on January 1,2006. The local post office was previously named Saint-Augustin-de-Portneuf from 1852, Saint-Augustin-de-Québec from 1918 until this was renamed to the current name in 1986
Notre-Dame-des-Anges is a parish municipality in Quebec, home of the General Hospital of Quebec. Enclaved within the territory of Quebec City, this municipality has a population of 394 and measures only 6 hectares in area. With a density of 12,206. 67/km2 according to Statistics Canada and it lacks any governmental structure, there is no mayor but rather an administrator. The land near the Saint-Charles River was first possessed as a fief by the Recollect Friars Minor, the Recollects were expelled by the British in 1629. The seigneury passed to the Jesuits in late 1629, after the return of the friars to France following the capitulation of Quebec to the Kirk brothers by Champlain on 14 september 1629. In 1692, it was purchased by Jean-Baptiste de Saint-Vallier, Bishop of Quebec, to found a hospital, which he did the subsequent year. In 1722, it was established as a parish and in 1855, the parish municipality was officially founded with the goal of protecting its sole occupant. The hospital is surrounded by a holding, among others.
It is one of two enclaves in Quebec City that was not subject to the mergers in 2002. It is by far the smallest municipality not included in one of Quebecs Regional County Municipalities
Boroughs of Quebec City
Quebec City is divided into six arrondissements or boroughs. These boroughs are the result of waves of amalgamation and reorganization of the political boundaries of Quebec City. From January 1,2002 to October 31,2009, the city had eight boroughs, La Cité, Les Rivières, Sainte-Foy–Sillery, Beauport, Limoilou, La Haute-Saint-Charles and Laurentien. The boroughs of La Cité and Limoilou were merged on November 1, Quebec was divided into administrative districts, named quartiers, which were redivided amongst arrondissements at the time of the 2002 city mergers in Quebec. This list includes cities that were merged in 2002 and they are not boroughs, but many would be considered neighbourhoods
Capitale-Nationale is one of 17 administrative regions of Quebec, Canada. Quebec City, Quebecs centre of government, is located in this region and it has a land area of 18,796.86 km2. It reported a resident population of 700,616 as of the Canada 2011 Census. Prior to January 2000, it was known as the Québec administrative region, regional County Municipalities Independent Parish Notre-Dame-des-Anges Native Peoples Reserve Wendake Francophone, Commission scolaire de Charlevoix
Petit Champlain is a neighbourhood in Quebec City, Canada. It is located in the district of Vieux-Québec–Cap-Blanc–colline Parlementaire in the borough of La Cité-Limoilou and its main street is the Rue du Petit-Champlain at the foot of Cap Diamant. It is the oldest commercial district in North America, the neighbourhood is named after Samuel de Champlain, who founded Quebec City in 1608. The mural painted on the side of the located at 102 rue du Petit-Champlain is a trompe-lœil measuring 100m2. It represents the history of the district, the bombardments of 1759, the landslides, the Breakneck Stairs or Breakneck Steps, Quebec Citys oldest stairway, were built in 1635. The stairs have been restored several times, including an 2004 renovation by Charles Baillargé