Template:Shades of blue
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1. Shades of blue – Varieties of the color blue may differ in hue, chroma, or lightness, or in two or three of these qualities. Variations in value are also called tints and shades, a tint being a blue or other hue mixed with white, a large selection of these various colors is shown below. In this section, the term tint is used in its sense as used in color theory. Baby blue is known as one of the pastel colors, with a hue code of 199, this color is a tone of azure. The first recorded use of blue as a color name in English was in 1892. The web color blue is displayed in the color box at right. Variations of this color are known as sky blue, baby blue, within the X11 color system, with a hue code of 194, this color is closer to cyan than to blue. The first recorded use of blue as a color term in English is in the year 1915. Shown in the right is the color periwinkle, or periwinkle blue, another name for this color is lavender blue. The color is a mixture of white and blue and it is named after the Periwinkle flower and is also commonly referred to as a tone of light blue. The web color blue is shown on the right. The first recorded use of blue as a color name in English was in 1774. Displayed at right is the color morning blue and it is a representation of the color of the morning sky. The year the first recorded use of morning blue as a name in English is unknown. Source of color, ISCC-NBS Dictionary of Color Names --Color Sample of Morning Blue The color defined as blue in the RGB color model and this color is the brightest possible blue that can be reproduced on a computer screen, and is the color named blue in X11. It is one of the three colors used on the RGB color space, along with red and green. This color is called color wheel blue. It is at precisely 240 degrees on the HSV color wheel and it is a spectral color which lies at, or near, the short-wave end of the traditional blue and possibly was classified as indigo by NewtonShades of blue – Red, green, and blue lights, representing the three basic additive primary colors of the RGB color system, red, green, and blue
2. Air Force blue – Air Force blue colours are a variety of colours that are mostly various tones of the colour azure, the purest tones of which are identified as being the colour of the sky on a clear day. However, they are actually dark tones of azure, not blue and these air force blue colours are used by these various air forces for colour identification. Air Force blue, more specifically Air Force blue or RAF blue, is a shade of the colour azure. Similar shades are used in Royal Air Force uniforms and the Royal Air Force Ensign. The field of the RAF ensign is specified as NATO stock no. 8305-99-130-4578, the shade of the colour that is shown in the colour info-box is the shade of air force blue used by the Royal Air Force. e. The Royal Canadian Air Force, the Royal Australian Air Force, displayed at right is the colour Air Force blue. US Air Force blue is designated as the colour Pantone 287, displayed at right is the colour US Air Force Academy blue. The US Air Force Academy uses a particular shade of azure, subtly different from US Air Force blue, in its sporting and other insignia, displayed at right is the web colour sky blue. The first recorded use of sky blue as a name in English was in 1728 in the Cyclopædia of Ephraim Chambers. Displayed at right is the colour aero, the first recorded use of aero as a colour name in English was in 1920. Displayed at right is the wild blue yonder. This Crayola colour was formulated in 2003, apparently, it represents the colour of the sky on a cloudy, stormy day. At right is displayed the colour air superiority blue/PRU Blue, the source of this colour is Federal Standard 595, a U. S. Federal Government standard set up in 1956 for paint colours which is mostly used by military contractors and also in engineering. Air superiority blue is designated as Federal Standard 595 colour #FS15450, photographic Reconnaissance Unit Blue was devised by the RAF during WW II as a low visibility camouflage colour for its high-flying Spitfire and Mosquito reconnaissance aircraft. As air superiority blue it was adopted by the US Army Air Force and was added as one of the colours when the Federal Standard 595 colour list was set up in 1956. This colour is used as camouflage by being painted on the sides of reconnaissance aircraft to make them less visible from the ground. The colour blue yonder is displayed at right, the source of this colour is the Pantone Textile Paper eXtended colour list, colour #18-3937 TPX—Blue YonderAir Force blue – Thornycroft Antar Mk 3 in Royal Air Force blue colour scheme
3. Azure (color) – Azure is a variation of blue that is often described as the color of the sky on a clear day. On the RGB color wheel, azure is defined as the color at 210 degrees, in the RGB color model, used to create all the colors on a television or computer screen, azure is created by adding a little green light to blue light. The complementary color of azure is neon orange, in the X11 color system which became a standard for early web colors, azure is depicted as a pale cyan. The color azure ultimately takes its name from the blue mineral lapis lazuli. The name of the came to be associated with its color. Azure also describes the color of the mineral azurite, both in its form and as a pigment in various paint formulations. In order to preserve its deep color, azurite was ground coarsely, fine-ground azurite produces a lighter, washed-out color. Traditionally, the pigment was considered unstable in oil paints, and was isolated from other colors. Modern investigation of old paintings, however, shows that the pigment is very stable unless exposed to sulfur fumes, the use of the term spread through the practice of heraldry, where azure represents a blue color in the system of tinctures. In engravings, it is represented as a region of horizontal lines. In practice, azure has been represented by any number of shades of blue, in later heraldic practice a lighter blue, called bleu celeste, is sometimes specified. All of the colors shown below in the variations of azure are referenced as having a hue code of between 195 and 225, signifying that these colors are tones of azure. The only exception, as noted below, is the web color azure which, displayed at right is the web color called azure, in actuality it is a pale pastel tint of cyan, as can be ascertained by noting its hue angle of 180 degrees. In an artistic context, this color would be called azure mist, the web color Alice blue is a pale tint of azure. Displayed at right is the web color sky blue. Baby blue is known as one of the pastel colors and this color is associated with baby boys in Western culture. The first recorded use of blue as a color name in English was in 1892. Displayed at right is the web color sky blue, the first recorded use of sky blue as a color name in English was in 1728 in the Cyclopædia of Ephraim ChambersAzure (color) – Azure
4. Bleu de France (colour) – Bleu de France is a colour traditionally used to represent France. Blue has been used in the heraldry of the French monarchy since at least the 12th century, a brighter version, based on the blue of the French Tricolour, is used in modern times, particularly in a sporting context. French national teams in all sports will normally use blue as their main colour, the two notable exceptions are Citroën and Renault, the former has used red and white, whereas the latter has used yellow and blackBleu de France (colour) – Bugatti Typ 35C Grand Prix Racer (1926)
5. Blue – Blue is the colour between violet and green on the optical spectrum of visible light. Human eyes perceive blue when observing light with a wavelength between 450 and 495 nanometres, which is between 4500 and 4950 ångströms. Blues with a frequency and thus a shorter wavelength gradually look more violet, while those with a lower frequency. Pure blue, in the middle, has a wavelength of 470 nanometers, in painting and traditional colour theory, blue is one of the three primary colours of pigments, along with red and yellow, which can be mixed to form a wide gamut of colours. Red and blue mixed together form violet, blue and yellow together form green, Blue is also a primary colour in the RGB colour model, used to create all the colours on the screen of a television or computer monitor. The clear sky and the sea appear blue because of an optical effect known as Rayleigh scattering. When sunlight passes through the atmosphere, the wavelengths are scattered more widely by the oxygen and nitrogen molecules. An optical effect called Tyndall scattering, similar to Rayleigh scattering, explains blue eyes, distant objects appear more blue because of another optical effect called atmospheric perspective. Blue has been used for art and decoration since ancient times and it is the most important color in Judaism. In the Middle Ages, cobalt blue was used to colour the stained glass windows of cathedrals, beginning in the 9th century, Chinese artists used cobalt to make fine blue and white porcelain. Blue dyes for clothing were made from woad in Europe and indigo in Asia, in 1828 a synthetic ultramarine pigment was developed, and synthetic blue dyes and pigments gradually replaced mineral pigments and vegetable dyes. Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Vincent van Gogh and other late 19th century painters used ultramarine and cobalt blue not just to depict nature, in the late 18th century and 19th century, blue became a popular colour for military uniforms and police uniforms. In the 20th century, because blue was associated with harmony, it was chosen as the colour of the flags of the United Nations. Surveys in the US and Europe show that blue is the colour most commonly associated with harmony, faithfulness, confidence, distance, infinity, the imagination, cold, and sometimes with sadness. In US and European public opinion polls it is the most popular colour, Blue is the colour of light between violet and green on the visible spectrum. Blues also vary in shade or tint, darker shades of blue contain black or grey, darker shades of blue include ultramarine, cobalt blue, navy blue, and Prussian blue, while lighter tints include sky blue, azure, and Egyptian blue. Today most blue pigments and dyes are made by a chemical process, the modern English word blue comes from Middle English bleu or blewe, from the Old French bleu, a word of Germanic origin, related to the Old High German word blao. In heraldry, the azure is used for blueBlue – Sky blue or pale azure, mid-way on the RBG colour wheel between blue and cyan.
6. Blue-green – Blue-green is a color that is a representation of the color that is between blue and green on a typical traditional old-fashioned RYB color wheel. Blue-green belongs to the family of colors. The source of color is the List of Crayola crayon colors. Blue-green has been a Crayola crayon color since 1930, cyan, also called aqua, is the blue-green color that is between blue and green on a modern RGB color wheel. In the terminology of color theory, RGB color space has a larger color gamut than RYB color space. The first recorded use of cyan as a name in English was in 1879. At right is displayed the color turquoise, a representation of the color of the stone turquoise. The first recorded use of turquoise as a name in English was in 1573. The color turquoise is a tone of blue-green. Displayed at right is the color Ming This color was formulated in 2001 as one of the colors on the Xona. com Color List, displayed at right is the color Pacific blue. Pacific blue was formulated as a Crayola color in 1993, the color is a representation of the waters of the Pacific. Bondi blue is a color belonging to the family of blues. It is very similar to the Crayola crayon color blue-green, apple christened the color of the exterior of its original iMac G3 personal computer Bondi blue when it was introduced in 1998. The color is said to be named for the color of the water at Bondi Beach in Sydney, green-blue had been a Crayola color since 1958. It was continued as a Crayola crayon color until 1990, cerulean is a medium blue-green color that is used to represent or symbolize either the sky or the ocean. The first recorded use of cerulean as a name in English was in 1590. Teal is a medium blue-green color and it is named after the common teal, a member of the duck family, whose eyes are surrounded by the color. The color teal has a hue that is halfway between blue and green and a value that is exactly halfway between white and blackBlue-green – A sample of turquoise
7. Sky blue – Sky blue is the name of a colour that resembles the colour of the sky at noon. The entry for sky-blue in Murrays New English Dictionary reports a first sighting of the term in the article on silver in Ephraim Chamberss Cyclopaedia of 1728, however, many writers had used the term sky blue to name a colour before Chambers. For example, we find sky blue in A Collection of Voyages and Travels,2, p.322, where John Nieuhoff describes certain flowers, they are of a lovely sky blue colour, and yellow in the middle. The sense of colour may have been first used in 1585 in a book by Nicolas de Nicolay where he stated the tulbant of the merchant must be skie coloured. Displayed at right is the web colour sky blue, Celeste is the colloquial name for the pale turquoise blue colour associated with Italian bicycle manufacturer Bianchi S. p. A and sometimes known as Bianchi Green. In Italian, as the name indicates, it is an attempt to reproduce the colour of clear skies, in English, this colour may also be referred to as Italian sky blue. Bleu celeste is a rarely occurring tincture in heraldry and this tincture is sometimes also called ciel or simply celeste. It is depicted in a lighter shade than the range of shades of the more traditional tincture azure, Bianchi bicycles are traditionally painted celeste, also known as Bianchi Green. Contradictory myths say celeste is the colour of the Milan sky, the eye colour of a queen for whom Edoardo Bianchi made a bicycle. The exact shade of turquoise used by the company has varied over time, in Anglophone countries Celeste is sometimes reported as Pantone -#332, and with various other shades. Displayed at right is the web colour sky blue. It is close in shade to baby blue, displayed at right is the colour medium sky blue. This is the colour that is called sky blue in Crayola crayons and this colour was formulated by Crayola in 1958. Sky blue appears in the 32,48,64,96 and 120 packs of crayons, displayed at right is the colour vivid sky blue. Deep sky blue is an azure-cyan colour associated with sky blue. Deep sky blue is a web colour and this colour is the colour on the colour wheel halfway between azure and cyan. The traditional name for this colour is Capri, the first use of Capri as a colour name in English was in 1920. Specifically, the colour Capri is named after the colour of the Blue Grotto on the island of Capri. as it appears on a sunny daySky blue – Sky blue
8. Cerulean – Cerulean, also spelled caerulean, is a colour term that may be applied to certain colours with the hue ranging roughly between blue and cyan, overlapping with both. It also largely overlaps with azure and sky blue, although cerulean is dimmer, the first recorded use of cerulean as a colour name in English was in 1590. The word is derived from the Latin word caeruleus, dark blue, blue, or blue-green, in classical times, cerulean was used to describe blue pigments, particularly mixtures of copper and cobaltous oxides, like azurite and smalt. These early attempts to create sky blue colours were often less than due to a limited saturation. When the pigment cerulean blue was discovered, it became an addition to Prussian blue, cobalt blue. At right is displayed the colour cerulean blue, the first recorded use of cerulean blue as a colour name in English was in 1859. Pigments through the shows a Painted swatch of cerulean blue that is representative of the actual cobalt stannate pigment. This colour swatch matches the colour shown in the box at right. See also painted swatch and crystals of cerulean blue at ColourLex, Cerulean blue was discovered in 1789 by Albrecht Höpfner. Subsequently there was a limited German production under the name of Cölinblau and it was in 1860 first marketed in the United Kingdom by colourman George Rowney, as coeruleum. Other nineteenth century English pigment names included ceruleum blue and corruleum blue, the primary chemical constituent of the pigment is cobalt stannate. The precise hue of the pigment is dependent on a variable silicate component and it is particularly valuable for artistic painting of skies because of its hue, its permanence, and its opaqueness. Berthe Morisot painted the coat of the woman in her A Summers Day,1879 in cerulean blue in conjunction with artificial ultramarine. Today, cobalt chromate is sometimes marketed under the cerulean blue name but is darker and greener than the cobalt stannate version, the chromate makes excellent turquoise colours and is identified by Rex Art and some other manufacturers as cobalt turquoise. Pantone, in a release, declared the pale hue of cerulean at right. The source of colour is the Pantone Textile Paper eXtended colour list. This bright tone of cerulean is the colour called cerulean by Crayola crayons, at right is displayed the colour cerulean frost. Cerulean frost is one of the colours in the set of metallic coloured Crayola crayons called Silver SwirlsCerulean – Cerulean blue PB35
9. Cobalt blue – This is a list of fictional characters from the DC Comics universe who are or have been depicted as antagonists of the Flash. The Golden Age Flash enemies were all villains of the first Flash, Jay Garrick, Rose and Thorn are the two personalities of a Golden Age character in DC Comics. Thorn is a woman with a personality whose villainous personality has the ability to control plants. Initially, she and her hired thugs opposed The Flash, after being cured of her Thorn persona, Rose married Alan Scott and had two children, Jennie-Lynn Hayden and Todd James Rice with him. After a resurgence of her madness, she committed suicide, years later, a second Rose and Thorn appeared, Rhosyn Forrest. The Silver Age is when some started to use the name Rogues. Originally, the Rogues were just a few of the Flashs enemies teaming together, but since then they have formed a lasting team, and usually a Rogue will not commit a crime by himself. The original eight Rogues were Captain Cold, Mirror Master, Heat Wave, Weather Wizard, the Trickster, Pied Piper, the Top, the current incarnation of the Rogues includes Captain Cold, Weather Wizard, Heat Wave, the second Mirror Master, and the new Trickster. Albert Desmond, created by John Broome and Carmine Infantino, first appeared in Showcase #13 as Mister Element and his second, and more frequently used identity of Doctor Alchemy first appeared in Showcase #14. Within the context of the stories, Albert Desmond is a chemist who suffers from a personality disorder with one law-abiding personality. After being sent to jail as a result of his first encounter with the Flash and he escapes, finds the Stone, and uses its power to transmute one element to another to restart his criminal career as Doctor Alchemy. Over time he switches between the two identities, showing a preference for Doctor Alchemy, eventually his good personality resurfaces and he quits crime and hides the Stone. Shortly after a new Doctor Alchemy appears and is revealed to be his twin brother Alvin Desmond. This plot point was retconed in later stories to Alvin being a construct of the Stone created by Alberts criminal personality, when Albert confronts and defeats Alvin he resumes the role of Doctor Alchemy. While he has alternated between incarceration and freedom, equipment for both of his costumed identities has been used by others, curtis Engstrom used the Philosophers Stone as The Alchemist and Alexander Petrov resurrected Mister Element. As Mister Element, Albert Desmond uses a weapon that can affect the structure of elements, as Doctor Alchemy, he possesses the Philosophers Stone, which once belonged to Merlin. The Stone allows him to any element into any other element. He can control the Stone from a distance with telekinesis, created by Frank Robbins and Ross Andru, first appeared in The Flash vol.1 #180 Baron Katana controlled a group of samurai robots, with which he attacked The FlashCobalt blue
10. Cornflower blue – Cornflower blue is a shade of medium-to-light blue containing relatively little green compared to blue. This hue was one of the favorites of the Dutch painter Johannes Vermeer, the most valuable blue sapphires are called cornflower blue, having a medium-dark violet-blue tone. Robert Boyle reported a blue dye produced from the cornflower and this was also called Boyles Blue and Cyan Blue. This dye color however, was not widely commercialized, cornflower blue is a defined color in the X Window color scheme. As such, it is a color available as a color for webpages. CornFlowerBlue is an HTML color name, its code is #6495ED. Cornflower blue is a Crayola color and it was originally introduced in 1958, in the box of 48 crayons. Cornflower blue is the clear color used in the XNA framework. Chuck Palahniuk mentions the color at least once in one of his novels. The color also appears in the adaptation of Palahniuks Fight Club. He was wearing his cornflower-blue tie, in a separate scene the Narrators supervisor asks, Can I get the icon in cornflower-blue. In Sara Gruens novel Water for Elephants Jacob Jankowski dreams about his standing in the yard in a cornflower blue dress hanging laundry. In season 8, episode 1 of How I Met Your Mother, Barney Stinson refers to a blue tie. On page 62 of Raymond Chandlers novel The Long Goodbye Phillip Marlowe describes Eileen Wade with cornflower blue eyes, in episode 6x09 of TV show NCIS, Los Angeles Deeks tells Kensi that her favourite color is cornflower blue. In Agatha Christies murder mystery After The Funeral, Mrs. Helen Leo is described as having eyes that had once been likened to cornflowersCornflower blue – A cornflower
11. Cyan – It is evoked by light with a predominant wavelength of between 490–520 nm, between the wavelengths of blue and green. In the subtractive color system, or CMYK, which can be overlaid to produce all colors in paint and color printing, cyan is one of the colors, along with magenta, yellow. In the additive color system, or RGB color model, used to all the colors on a computer or television display, cyan is made by mixing equal amounts of green. Cyan is the complement of red, it can be made by the removal of red from white light, mixing red light and cyan light at the right intensity will make white light. The web color cyan is synonymous with aqua, other colors in the cyan color range are teal, turquoise, electric blue, aquamarine, and others described as blue-green. Its name is derived from the Ancient Greek κύανος, transliterated kyanos, meaning blue, dark blue enamel. It was formerly known as blue or cyan-blue, and its first recorded use as a color name in English was in 1879. Further origins of the name can be traced back to a dye produced from the cornflower. In most languages, cyan is not a color term. Reasons for why cyan is not linguistically acknowledged as a color term can be found in the frequent lack of distinction between blue and green in many languages. The web color cyan shown at right is a color in the RGB color model. In X11 colors, this color is called both cyan and aqua, in the HTML color list, this same color is called aqua. The web colors are more vivid than the used in the CMYK color system. To reproduce the web color cyan in inks, it is necessary to add some white ink to the printers cyan below, so when it is reproduced in printing, it is not a primary subtractive color. It is called aqua because it is a commonly associated with water. Cyan is also one of the inks used in four-color printing, along with magenta, yellow, and black. While both the secondary and the subtractive primary are called cyan, they can be substantially different from one another. Cyan printing ink can be saturated or less saturated than the RGB secondary cyan, depending on what RGB color spaceCyan – In the RGB color model, used to make colors on computer and TV displays, cyan is created by the combination of green and blue light.
12. Dark blue (color) – Varieties of the color blue may differ in hue, chroma, or lightness, or in two or three of these qualities. Variations in value are also called tints and shades, a tint being a blue or other hue mixed with white, a large selection of these various colors is shown below. In this section, the term tint is used in its sense as used in color theory. Baby blue is known as one of the pastel colors, with a hue code of 199, this color is a tone of azure. The first recorded use of blue as a color name in English was in 1892. The web color blue is displayed in the color box at right. Variations of this color are known as sky blue, baby blue, within the X11 color system, with a hue code of 194, this color is closer to cyan than to blue. The first recorded use of blue as a color term in English is in the year 1915. Shown in the right is the color periwinkle, or periwinkle blue, another name for this color is lavender blue. The color is a mixture of white and blue and it is named after the Periwinkle flower and is also commonly referred to as a tone of light blue. The web color blue is shown on the right. The first recorded use of blue as a color name in English was in 1774. Displayed at right is the color morning blue and it is a representation of the color of the morning sky. The year the first recorded use of morning blue as a name in English is unknown. Source of color, ISCC-NBS Dictionary of Color Names --Color Sample of Morning Blue The color defined as blue in the RGB color model and this color is the brightest possible blue that can be reproduced on a computer screen, and is the color named blue in X11. It is one of the three colors used on the RGB color space, along with red and green. This color is called color wheel blue. It is at precisely 240 degrees on the HSV color wheel and it is a spectral color which lies at, or near, the short-wave end of the traditional blue and possibly was classified as indigo by NewtonDark blue (color) – Red, green, and blue lights, representing the three basic additive primary colors of the RGB color system, red, green, and blue
13. Indigo – Indigo is a deep and rich color close to the color wheel blue, as well as to some variants of ultramarine. The color indigo is named after the indigo dye derived from the plant Indigofera tinctoria, the first known recorded use of indigo as a color name in English was in 1289. Species of Indigofera were cultivated in Peru, India, East Asia, the earliest direct evidence for the use of indigo dates to around 4000 BCE and comes from Huaca Prieta, in contemporary Peru. Pliny mentions India as the source of the dye, imported in small quantities via the Silk Road, the Greek term for the dye was Ἰνδικὸν φάρμακον, which, adopted to Latin as indicum and via Portuguese gave rise to the modern word indigo. El Salvador has lately been the biggest producer of indigo, Indigo was actually a plant that got its name because it came from the Indus Valley, discovered some 5,000 years ago, where it was called nila, meaning dark blue. And by the 7th Century BC, people starting using the plant as a dye — the Mesopotamians were even carving out recipes for making indigo dye onto clay tablets for record-keeping. By 1289, knowledge of the dye made its way to Europe, but it wasn’t until 1640 when demand started to pick up for indigo. Spanish explorers discovered an American species of Indigo and began to cultivate the product in Guatemala, the English and French subsequently began to encourage indigo cultivation in their colonies in the West Indies. Indigo dye could be made from two different types of plants — the indigo plant, which produced the best results, the British were producing indigo with woad, a plant that yielded a lesser quality dye, but a plant they could grow. They even tried to hold their monopoly on indigo dye by managing to ban the indigo plant for years, but eventually the British began to focus on tea and other crops — and meanwhile, the French started to get their fair share of the market. The French had gone to war with Britain, so the British could hardly rely on the French for this precious blue dye, consequently, the British had to turn to their colonies in America. It was Eliza Lucas from South Carolina who figured out how to grow the indigo plant, the same indigo dye is contained in the woad plant, Isatis tinctoria, for a long time the main source of blue dye in Europe. Woad was replaced by true indigo as trade routes opened up, the Early Modern English word indigo referred to the dye, and not to the color itself, and indigo is not traditionally part of the basic color-naming system. Modern sources place indigo in the spectrum between 420 and 450 nanometers, which lies on the side of color wheel blue. However, the correspondence of this definition with colors of actual indigo dyes is disputed, isaac Newton introduced indigo as one of the seven base colors of his work. In a pivotal experiment in the history of optics, the young Newton shone a narrow beam of sunlight through a prism to produce a band of colors on the wall. He linked the seven prismatic colors to the seven notes of a major scale, as shown in his color wheel, with orange. Indigo is therefore counted as one of the colors of the rainbowIndigo – A piece of indigo plant dye from India, about 2.5 inches (6 cm) square
14. Dodger blue – Dodger blue is a rich bright tone of the color azure named for its use in the uniform of the Los Angeles Dodgers. It is also a web color used in the design of web pages, the web color is not used in the Dodgers uniform but rather resembles the lighter blue used throughout Dodger Stadium. The Brooklyn Dodgers were never referred to as wearing Dodger Blue. The concept of Dodger Blue originated with Manager Tommy Lasorda, who popularized it, Lasorda managed the Los Angeles franchise for 20 years, and was on the player roster of the Brooklyn Dodgers, though he played for them only very briefly. The actual blue that the Dodgers currently wear is RGB-hex #005596Dodger blue – Dodger Blue
15. Egyptian blue – Egyptian blue, also known as calcium copper silicate or cuprorivaite, is a pigment used in ancient Egypt for thousands of years. It is considered to be the first synthetic pigment and it was known to the Romans by the name caeruleum – from which the English word cerulean derives. After the Roman era, Egyptian blue fell from use and the manner of its creation was forgotten, the ancient Egyptian word wadjet signifies blue, blue-green, and green. The first recorded use of Egyptian blue as a name in English was in 1809. Egyptian blue is a blue pigment made up of a mixture of silica, lime, copper. Its color is due to a calcium-copper tetrasilicate CaCuSi4O10 of the composition as the naturally occurring mineral cuprorivaite. It was made in Egypt during the third millennium BC and is the first synthetic pigment produced there, the term for it in the Egyptian language is ḫsbḏ-ỉrjt, which means artificial lapis lazuli. It is also referred to in Egyptological literature as blue frit. Its characteristic blue color, resulting one of its main components—copper—ranges from a light to a dark hue, depending on differential processing. Apart from Egypt, it has also found in the Near East, the Eastern Mediterranean. It is unclear whether the pigments existence elsewhere was a result of parallel invention or evidence of the spread from Egypt to those areas. The ancient Egyptians held the color blue in very high regard and were eager to present it on many media and they also desired to imitate the semiprecious stones turquoise and lapis lazuli, which were valued for their rarity and stark blue color. Use of naturally occurring minerals, such as azurite, to acquire this blue, was impractical, as these minerals were rare, therefore, to have access to the large quantities of blue color they needed, it was necessary for the Egyptians to manufacture the pigment themselves. The Egyptians developed a range of pigment varieties, including what is now known as Egyptian blue. This accomplishment was due to the advancement of Egypt as an agricultural society. This stable and established civilization encouraged the growth of a workforce, including clerics. Egyptian pharaohs were patrons of the arts and consequently were a stimulus for the advancement of pigment technology and its use continued throughout the Late period, and Greco-Roman period, only dying out in the fourth century AD, when the secret to its manufacture was lost. He refers to it as coeruleum and describes in his work De architectura how it was produced by grinding sand, copper, and natron, lime is necessary for the production, as well, but probably lime-rich sand was usedEgyptian blue – Pyxis made out of "Egyptian blue". Imported to Italy from northern Syria. Produced 750-700 BC. Shown at Altes Museum in Berlin.
16. Electric blue (color) – The first recorded use of electric blue as a color name in English was in 1845. The color electric blue was in vogue in the 1890s, the deep tone of electric blue displayed at right is the color called bleu électrique in the Pourpre. com color list, a color list widely popular in France. This shade of electric blue reflects the kind which is only metaphorically electric, the color displayed at right titled medium electric blue matches the color of the color sample of the original called electric blue that had an immense vogue in the latter 19th century. Still today, this tone of blue is a typical contemporary electric blue fabric color that is used in manufacturing for the mass market. Dark electric blue is a cyan color that is the color called electric blue in the ISCC-NBS color list. Source of the color dark electric blue, The electric blue crayfish is a species of crayfish endemic to Florida. The electric blue gecko was first discovered by biologist William in the 1950s, the color electric blue is associated with the astrological sign of Aquarius. The color electric blue is used in the logo and site of Arch Linux, Electric Blue was the name of a 1980s soft-core pornographic television series on The Playboy Channel and its feature film spin-off. An electric blue dress features in Sir Arthur Conan Doyles The Adventure of the Copper Beeches, gerty MacDowell wears an electric blue blouse in James Joyces novel Ulysses, set in 1904, because it was expected in the Ladys Pictorial that electric blue would be worn. Electric Blue is a 1987 song released by the Australian band Icehouse, the color of the album is shown at right. Electric/Blue is a 1997 jazz fusion album by Joe Deninzon, Electric Blue is the debut solo album by Erasure frontman Andy Bell, released October 3,2005. The Electric Blue 14 are a band based in London. Strange Brew is a song by the band Cream from the 1967 album Disraeli Gears which features the lyric Shes a witch of trouble in electric blue, sound and Vision is a 1977 song released by David Bowie which features the lyric Blue, blue, electric blue. Thats the colour of my room, the Art of Storytelling, pt.2 is a 1998 ballad released by OutKast. An account of the biblical Apocalypse, the contains the lyric Look out the window. Golly, the sky is electric blue, cosmic Charlie is a song by the Grateful Dead, performed live between 1968 and 1976. It contains the lyric Rosy red and electric blue, I bought you a paddle for your paper canoe, Electric Blue is the name of a song by Nicole Scherzinger and T. I. from Scherzingers 2014 album Big Fat Lie. While retaining most of his abilities, he could now also generate electric attacks rather than his original heat-vision and this version of Superman was referred to by some comic book fans as Electric Blue SupermanElectric blue (color) – Electric blue
17. Glaucous – The term glaucous is also used botanically as an adjective to mean covered with a greyish, bluish, or whitish waxy coating or bloom that is easily rubbed off. The first recorded use of glaucous as a name in English was in the year 1671. The epicuticular wax coating on mature plum fruit gives them a glaucous appearance, another familiar example is found in the common grape genus. Some cacti have a coating on their stem. Glaucous coatings are hydrophobic so as to prevent wetting by rain and their waxy character serves to hinder climbing of leaves, stem or fruit by insects. On fruits, glaucous coatings may function as a deterrent to climbing and feeding by insects in favor of increased seed dispersal offered by larger animals such as mammals. The blue-grey camouflage coloring of some species of birds and sea and land animals causes their appearance to blend with their surroundings, list of colors Glaucus The dictionary definition of glaucous at WiktionaryGlaucous – Wine grapes with glaucous coating
18. International Klein Blue – International Klein Blue is a deep blue hue first mixed by the French artist Yves Klein. IKBs visual impact comes from its reliance on ultramarine, as well as Kleins often thick. International Klein Blue was developed by Yves Klein in collaboration with Edouard Adam, the synthetic resin used in the binder is a polyvinyl acetate developed and marketed at the time under the name Rhodopas M or M60A by the French pharmaceutical company Rhône-Poulenc. Adam still sells the binder under the name Médium Adam 25, in May 1960, Klein deposited a Soleau envelope, registering the paint formula under the name International Klein Blue at the Institut national de la propriété industrielle, but he never patented IKB. Only valid under French law, a soleau enveloppe registers the date of invention, the copy held by the INPI was destroyed in 1965. Kleins own copy, which the INPI returned to him duly stamped, is still extant, in March 1960, Klein patented a method by which he was able to distance himself from the physical creation of his paintings by remotely directing models covered in the color. Although Klein had worked with extensively in his earlier career. Klein embarked on a series of works using IKB as the central theme. These included performance art where Klein painted models naked bodies and had them walk, roll, six sculptures by Klein in the Musiktheater im Revier, Gelsenkirchen, Germany, are executed in IKB. Academy Award winning actor Eddie Redmayne wrote his dissertation on IKB when he studied History of Art at Trinity College, Cambridge. In the 2010 novel Zero History by William Gibson, the character Hubertus Bigend has a made of material in IKB. Yves Klein Blue. In 1982 Danish rock band Kliché released an instrumental named International Klein Blue, elijah Blue Allman of American synth rock band Deadsy boasts International Klein Blue as an official color or entity added to his character/persona. International Klein Blue is the used by Blue Man Group. Episode 14 of season 2 of Mike Tyson Mysteries is titled Yves Klein Blues, the episode sees the former boxing champion seeking to use the color in his summer tracksuit. to, Color conversion for International Klein BlueInternational Klein Blue – IKB 191 (1962), one of a number of works Klein painted with International Klein Blue
19. Iris (color) – Iris is an ambiguous color term, usually referring to shades ranging from blue-violet to violet. However, in applications, it has been applied to an even wider array of colors, including pale blue, mauve, pink. The name is derived from the flower, which comes in a broad spectrum of colors. The first recorded use of iris as a name in English was in the year 1916Iris (color) – Iris latifolia
20. Maya blue – Maya blue is a unique bright azure blue pigment manufactured by cultures of pre-Columbian Mesoamerica, such as the Maya and Aztec. Smaller trace amounts of other mineral additives have also been identified, Maya blue first appeared around 800, and it was still used in the 16th century in several Convents of Colonial Mexico, notably in the paintings of the Indian Juan Gerson in Tecamachalco. These paintings are an example of the combination of Indian and European techniques sometimes known as Arte Indocristiano. After that, the techniques for its production were lost in Mexico, despite time and the harsh weathering conditions, paintings colored by Maya blue have not faded over time. More remarkably, the color has resisted chemical solvents and acids such as nitric acid, the chemical composition of the compound was determined by powder diffraction in the 1950s and was found to be a composite of palygorskite and indigo, most likely derived from the leaves of the añil. An actual recipe to reproduce Maya blue pigment was published in 1993 by a Mexican historian and chemist, the combination of different clays, together with the use of the leaves of the añil and the actual process is described in his paper. Pre-Columbian American culture In the Americas, Maya blue was used as a colorant in pre-Columbian artworks, sculptures, murals, and textiles, for example, many illustrations in the Florentine Codex written by Bernardino de Sahagún contain the maya blue color. Maya blue is associated with the center of a flame, holding the most heat and therefore the most tonalli, the blue color is considered precious. Other classic artificial blue pigments, Egyptian blue, Chinese blue List of colors Azul Maya, descriptive site by Reyes-ValerioMaya blue – A warrior with azul Maya on the background
21. Midnight blue – Midnight blue is a dark shade of blue named for its resemblance to the identifiably blue color of a moonlit night sky on or near the night of a full moon. Midnight blue is the color of a vat full of indigo dye, therefore, Midnight blue is identifiably blue to the eye in sunlight or full-spectrum light, but can appear black under certain more limited spectra sometimes found in artificial lighting. It is similar to navy, which is also a dark blue, There are two major shades of midnight blue—the X11 color and the Crayola color. This color was originally called midnight, the first recorded use of midnight as a color name in English was in 1915. At right is displayed the color midnight blue and this is the X11 web color midnight blue. At right is displayed the dark shade of blue that is called midnight blue in Crayola crayons. Midnight blue became an official color in 1958, before that, since having been formulated by Crayola in 1903. Comic books There is a character called Midnight Blue. Fashion Midnight blue is an alternative to black as a color for dinner jackets, due to the deepness of the color, midnight blue formal clothes are often almost indistinguishable from black. The Duke of Windsor popularized the color in suits and tuxedos, military The dark blue of US Army and US Marine Corps dress blue uniform coats is called midnight blue. US Air Force Midnight Blue is the used on ABU nametapes. A thread color from the manufacturers American and Efird that is used by a supplier of military nametapes is color number 51621. Madeira embroidery thread color 1244 is also a dark midnight blue thread. The Special Reconnaissance Regiment uses midnight blue on its stable belts, sports The University of Toledo Rockets use midnight blue and gold as their official team colors. Music In 1979, the album, Discovery, released by British symphonic rock turned disco band Electric Light Orchestra, in 1987 rock vocalist Lou Gramm released a single entitled Midnight Blue. Television The British channel ITV3 uses this color for its current logo, car Culture The manga Wangan Midnight popularised this color on cars because of its main characters S30 sporting this particular shade of blueMidnight blue – Crucifixion by Matthias Grünewald, c. 1515, showing a midnight blue sky.
22. Non-photo blue – Non-photo blue is a common tool used in the graphic design and print industry. Non-photo blue is a shade of blue that cannot be detected by graphic arts camera film. This allows layout editors to write notes to the printer on the print flat which will not show in the final form and it also allows artists to lay down sketch lines without the need to erase after inking. More recently, with scanning and image manipulation, non-photo blue fulfills its function in a different way. The artist can do their sketch and inking in the traditional manner, most scanners will detect the light blue lines. However, shifting to greyscale and increasing the contrast and brightness of the scanned image causes the blue to disappear, another common approach involves replacing the blue channel with another channel – typically the red channel. The exact processes may differ depending on the scanner, settings and image-editing software, the difference between the non-photo blue and black ink is vast enough that digital image manipulation can separate the two easily. On a threshold scale of 0–255, this number would be approximately 140, there is no known colour within the Pantone Matching System that matches non-photo blueNon-photo blue – (1) Colour copy of non-photo blue pencil. (2) Colour copy of blue pen. (3) Grayscale copy of non-photo blue pencil. (4) Grayscale copy of blue pen.
23. Periwinkle (color) – Periwinkle is a color in the blue and violet family. Its name is derived from the lesser periwinkle or myrtle herb which bears flowers of the same color, the color periwinkle is also called lavender blue. The color periwinkle may be considered a tint of blue or a pastel blue. The first recorded use of periwinkle as a name in English was in 1922. Periwinkle blue is the color for esophageal and stomach cancer awareness ribbons and it is also the color for pulmonary hypertension awareness ribbons. The downvote of the popular website Reddit is identified as periwinkle, periwinkle was added to the Crayola palette in 1958. Periwinkle is the name of Tinker Bells sister in the film Tinker Bell, in the film Snatch, Brad Pitt, talking about his mother, says, Right. And shes terrible partial to the blue, boys. Have I made myself clear, boys, in Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, Hermione wears a periwinkle blue dress to the Yule Ball. In the Late 1990s the Anaheim Angels changed their uniforn to include this color Lavender Light blue List of colors A description of the Vinca minor speciesPeriwinkle (color) – A periwinkle flower
24. Persian blue – Other colors associated with Persia include Persian pink, Persian rose, Persian red and Persian green. The color Persian blue is named from the color of some Persian pottery. Persian blue is a representation of the color of the lapis lazuli which comes from Persia. The first recorded use of Persian blue as a name in English was in 1669. The medium tone of Persian blue shown at right is the color called Persian blue in color sample #178 of the ISCC-NBS color list, the color Persian indigo is displayed at right. Another name for this color is regimental, the color was called regimental because in the 19th century it was commonly used by many nations for navy uniforms. Persian indigo is named for an association with a product from Persia, the first recorded use of regimental as a color name in English was in 1912. Architecture Many mosques in Iran, such as the enormous Shah Mosque in Isfahan, have interiors that are faced with tiles that are Persian blue or close variations of it. Persian carpets When blue Persian carpets are produced in Iran, medium Persian blue is one of the most commonly used tones of blue, painting The Snake Charmer by Jean-Leon Gerome shows a snake charmer in a Persian market with Persian blue tiles in backgroundPersian blue – Persian Blue
25. Phthalocyanine Blue BN – Phthalocyanine Blue BN, also called Monastral blue, phthalo blue, thalo blue, is a bright, crystalline, synthetic blue pigment from the group of phthalocyanine dyes. It was first developed as a pigment in the mid-1930s and its brilliant blue is frequently used in paints and dyes. It is highly valued for its properties such as light fastness, tinting strength, covering power and resistance to the effects of alkalies. It has the appearance of a powder, insoluble in water. The anecdotal history of the compound is that a chemist at the ICI phthalimide plant was troubled by blue contamination of the product and this was traced to a by-product formed when the phthalimide reacted with trace amounts of iron from the metal reactor. The chemist took samples of this blue and using sulfuric acid as a solvent and this was converted into the copper centered blue and sold under the trade name Monastral. Difficulty was experienced in forming stable dispersions with the first alpha forms, especially in mixtures with rutile Titanium, the beta form was more stable, as was the improved stabilized alpha form. Today, there are even more isomeric forms available, the substance, chemical name copper, is also known as monastral blue, phthalo blue, helio blue, thalo blue, Winsor blue, phthalocyanine blue, C. I. Pigment Blue 15,2, Copper phthalocyanine blue, Copper tetrabenzoporphyrazine, Cu-Phthaloblue, PB-15, PB-36, numerous other trade names and synonyms exist. The abbreviation CuPc is also used, due to its stability, phthalo blue is also used in inks, coatings, and many plastics. The pigment is insoluble and has no tendency to migrate in the material and it is a standard pigment used in printing ink and the packaging industry. A common component on the palette, phthalo blue is a cool blue with a bias towards green. It has intense tinting strength and easily overpowers the mix when combined with other colors and it is a transparent staining color and can be applied using glazing techniques. Industrial production was of the order of 10,000 tonnes pa in the 1980–90s in Japan alone, the pigment is the highest volume pigment produced. Phthalocyanine Blue BN is also used as a material for manufacture of Phthalocyanine Green G. Copper phthalocyanine, often referred to as CuPc, is also a material used in organic solar cell research. It is well suited for thin film solar cells because of its chemical stability. CuPc usually plays the role of the donor in donor/acceptor based solar cellsPhthalocyanine Blue BN – Phthalocyanine blue pigment powder
26. Prussian blue – Prussian blue is a dark blue pigment with the idealized chemical formula Fe 718. To better understand the situation in this complex compound the formula can also be written as Fe 43 · xH 2O. Another name for the color is Berlin blue or, in painting, Turnbulls blue is the same substance, but is made from different reagents, and its slightly different color stems from different impurities. Prussian blue was the first modern synthetic pigment and it is employed as a very fine colloidal dispersion, as the compound itself is not soluble in water. It is famously complex, owing to the presence of variable amounts of other ions, the pigment is used in paints, and it is the traditional blue in blueprints. In medicine, Prussian blue is used as an antidote for certain kinds of metal poisoning, e. g. by thallium. In particular it was used to absorb 137Cs+ from those poisoned in the Goiânia accident, the therapy exploits Prussian blues ion exchange properties and high affinity for certain soft metal cations. It is on the World Health Organizations List of Essential Medicines, Prussian blue lent its name to prussic acid, which was derived from it. In Germany, hydrogen cyanide is called Blausäure, and Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac gave cyanide its name, from the Greek word κυανός, because it is easily made, cheap, nontoxic, and intensely colored, Prussian blue has attracted many applications. It was adopted as a pigment very soon after its invention and was almost immediately used in oil, watercolor. The dominant uses are for pigments, about 12,000 tonnes of Prussian blue are produced annually for use in black, a variety of other pigments also contain the material. Engineers blue and the pigment formed on cyanotypes—giving them their common name blueprints, certain crayons were once colored with Prussian blue. It is also a popular pigment in paints, similarly, Prussian blue is the basis for laundry bluing. Prussian blues ability to incorporate monocations makes it useful as a agent for certain heavy metal poisons. Pharmaceutical-grade Prussian blue in particular is used for people who have ingested thallium or radioactive caesium, according to the International Atomic Energy Agency, an adult male can eat at least 10 g of Prussian blue per day without serious harm. The U. S. Prussian blue is a common stain used by pathologists to detect the presence of iron in biopsy specimens. The original stain formula, known historically as Perls Prussian blue after its inventor, German pathologist Max Perls, used separate solutions of potassium ferrocyanide, iron deposits in tissue then form the purple Prussian blue dye in place, and are visualized as blue or purple deposits. The formula is known as Perls Prussian blue and as Perls Prussian bluePrussian blue – Prussian blue