1. Spanish American – Spanish Americans is a term with multiple meanings. The term can also extend to mean those who share a language and culture rooted in Spain, Spanish Americans are the longest-established European-American group with a continuous presence in Florida since 1565 and are the eighth-largest Hispanic group in the United States of America. Throughout the colonial times, there were a number of settlements of Spanish populations in the present–day United States of America with governments answerable to Madrid. The first settlement was at St. Augustine, Florida, in 1565, followed by others in New Mexico, California, Arizona, Texas, and Louisiana. In 1598, San Juan de los Caballeros was established, near present-day Santa Fe, New Mexico, by Juan de Oñate, Spanish immigrants also established settlements in San Diego, California, San Antonio, Texas and Tucson, Arizona. By the mid-1600s the Spanish in America numbered more than 400,000 and these Spanish settlers expanded European influence in the New World. The Canary Islanders settled in areas surrounding New Orleans in Louisiana from 1778 to 1783 and in San Antonio de Bejar, San Antonio, Texas. The earliest known Spanish settlements in the then northern Mexico were the result of the forces that later led the English to come to North America. Exploration had been fueled in part by imperial hopes for the discovery of wealthy civilizations, in addition, like those aboard the Mayflower, most Spaniards came to the New World seeking land to farm, or occasionally, as historians have recently established, freedom from religious persecution. A smaller percentage of new Spanish settlers were descendants of Spanish Jewish converts, basques stood out in the exploration of the Americas, both as soldiers and members of the crews that sailed for the Spanish. Prominent in the service and colonial administration, they were accustomed to overseas travel. The Spanish presence in the United States declined sharply between 1930 and 1940 from a total of 110,000 to 85,000, many immigrants moved either back to Spain or to another country. Beginning with the Fascist revolt against the Second Spanish Republic in 1936, at the time of the Fascist takeover, a small but prominent group of liberal intellectuals fled to the United States. After the civil war the country endured 20 years of autarky, as a result, in the mid-1960s,44,000 Spaniards immigrated to the United States. In the 1970s, when Franco abandoned Spains autarkic economic system, prosperity began to emerge in Spain, in the 1980s, as Europe enjoyed an economic boom, Spanish immigrants to the United States dropped to only 15,000. The 1990 U. S. census recorded 76,000 foreign-born Spaniards in the country, many of the Hispanic and Latino Americans bring their Spanish-speaking culture into the country. However, some Spanish Americans are descendants of settlers in the southwestern states, especially New Mexico. Spanish-Americans in the United States are found in large concentrations in five states from 1940 through the early twenty-first centurySpanish American – El Centro Español de Tampa is a cultural house built in 1912 in the Ybor City neighborhood of Tampa, Florida.
2. Hispanos – This article is about the descendants of Spanish and Mexican settlers in the US South. Not to be confused with Hispanic, the English translation of Hispano, for other uses of the term, see Hispano. Hispanos are people of colonial Spanish descent in what is today the United States who retained a predominantly Spanish culture, the distinction was made to compensate for flawed U. S. Census practices in the 1930s which used to characterize Hispanic people as non-white. They are mostly descendants of Spanish settlers, Mexicans who arrived during the Spanish colonial period and the Mexican period, some Hispanos differentiate themselves culturally from the population of Mexican Americans whose ancestors arrived in the Southwest after the Mexican Revolution. As the United States expanded westward, it annexed lands with a population of Spanish-speaking settlers. Prior to incorporation into the United States, Hispanos had enjoyed a status in the society of New Spain. In the US today, this group is associated with the state of Louisiana. While generally integrated into mainstream American societies, Hispanos have retained much of their colonial culture, many Hispanos also identify with later waves of Mexican immigrants that arrived after these lands became part of the US. Many Hispanos, particularly those of generations, identify more with the mainstream population. Most of them are Roman Catholic ChristiansHispanos – Map showing subdivisions of New Spain in 1800 (excluding Spanish East Indies).
3. Californio – The Californio era was from the first Spanish presence established by the Portolá expedition in 1769 until the regions cession to the United States of America in 1848. Non-Spanish-speaking immigrants who 1) became naturalized Mexican citizens, 2) married Californios, such residents, by these actions, became eligible to own land and receive rancho grants from the Mexican government. Most such grants occurred after mission secularization in the 1830s, an even looser definition may include descendants of Californios, especially those who married other Californio descendants. The much larger population of non-Spanish-speaking indigenous peoples of California who lived in the prior to. Many Californios, however, were the California-born children of non-Spanish speakers who married Spanish speakers, such spouses usually also converted to the Catholic faith and, after Mexico became independent of Spain in 1821, often became naturalized Mexican citizens. The military, religious and civil components of pre-1848 Californio society were embodied in the presidios, missions. After secularization, the Mexican authorities divided most of the lands into new ranchos. The Spanish colonial and later Mexican national governments encouraged settlers from the northern and western provinces of Mexico, People from other parts of Latin America did settle in California. However, only a few official colonization efforts were ever undertaken—notably the second expedition of Juan Bautista de Anza, children of those few early settlers and retired soldiers became the first Californios. Sporadic colonization efforts continued under Mexican rule, including the Hijar-Padres group of 1834, One genealogist estimated that, by 2004, between 300,000 and 500,000 Californians were descendants of Californios. Alta California was nominally controlled by a national-government appointed governor, the governors of California were at first appointed by the Viceroy, and after 1821 by the approximate 40 Mexican Presidents from 1821 to 1846. The costs of the minimum Alta California government were paid by means of a roughly 40–100% import tariff collected at the entry port of Monterey. The other center of Spanish power in Alta California was the Franciscan friars who, as heads of the 21 missions, none of the Franciscan friars were Californios, however, and their influence rapidly waned after the secularization of the missions in the 1830s. Governors had little support from far-away Mexico to deal with Alta Californians. Mexico-born governor Manuel Victoria was forced to flee in 1831, after losing a fight against an uprising at the Battle of Cahuenga Pass. As Californios matured to adulthood and increasingly assumed positions of power in the Alta California government, several times, Californio leaders attempted to break away from Mexico, most notably Juan Bautista Alvarado in 1836. Southern regional leaders, led by Pio Pico, made attempts to relocate the capital from Monterey to the more populated Los Angeles. Alvarado recruited a company of Tennessean riflemen, many of them former trappers who had settled in the Monterey Bay area, the company was led by another American, Isaac Graham, the Americans refused to fight against fellow AmericansCalifornio – José Antonio Estudillo
4. Louisiana Creole people – Louisiana Creole people, are persons descended from the inhabitants of colonial Louisiana during the period of both French and Spanish rule. The term creole was originally used by French settlers to distinguish persons born in Louisiana from those born in the country or elsewhere. As in many other societies around the world, creole was a term used to mean those who were native-born. It also came to be applied to African-descended slaves and Native Americans who were born in Louisiana, Louisiana Creoles share cultural ties, such as the traditional use of the French language and a predominance of practice of Catholicism. As more refugees were allowed in Louisiana, Haitian émigrés who had first gone to Cuba also arrived and these groups had strong influences on the city and its culture. Later immigrants to New Orleans, such as Irish, Germans and Italians, Louisiana Creoles are mostly Catholic in religion. Through the 19th century, most spoke French and were connected to French colonial culture. Only the small Spanish Creole communities of Saint Bernard Parish and Galveztown spoke Spanish and they have maintained cultural traditions from the Canary Islands, where their ancestors came from, to the present. The varieties of Louisiana Creoles shaped the culture, particularly in the southern areas around New Orleans. Louisiana is known as the Creole State, other enclaves of Creole culture have been located in south Louisiana, Frilot Cove, Bois Mallet, Grand Marais, Palmetto, Lawtell, Soileau and others. These communities have had a history of cultural independence. Another area where many creoles can be found is within the River Parishes, St. Charles, St. John, and St. James. Through both the French and Spanish regimes, parochial and colonial governments used the term Creole for ethnic French, parisian French was the predominant language among colonists in early New Orleans. Later the regional French evolved to contain local phrases and slang terms, the French Creoles spoke what became known as Colonial French. Because of isolation, the language in the colony developed differently from that in France and it was spoken by the ethnic French and Spanish and their Creole descendants. The commonly accepted definition of Louisiana Creole today is a person descended from ancestors in Louisiana before the Louisiana Purchase by the United States in 1803. An estimated 7,000 European immigrants settled in Louisiana during the 18th century, Louisiana attracted considerably fewer French colonists than did its West Indian colonies. After the crossing of the Atlantic Ocean, which lasted more than two months, the colonists had numerous challenges ahead of them in the Louisiana frontierLouisiana Creole people – Delphine LaLaurie
5. Neomexicano – Not to be confused with Hispanic, the English translation of Hispano. For other uses of the term, see Hispano, for most of its modern history, New Mexico belonged to Spain and later Mexico. Like some of the Californios and Tejanos, most settlers in New Mexico were of Spanish ancestry, the descendants of the settlers make up an ethnic community of more than 340,000 in New Mexico, with others in southern Colorado. In Spanish, the predominant term for this group has always been Hispano, analogous to Californio. In New Mexico, the Spanish-speaking population was always greater than those of California. The term is used to differentiate those who settled the area early, around 1598 to 1848. It can also refer to anyone of Spanish or Indo-Hispanic descent native to the American Southwest, the settlers founded San Juan de los Caballeros, the first Spanish settlement in what was called the Kingdom of New Mexico, after the Valley of Mexico. Oñate also conquered the territories of the Pueblo peoples and he became the first governor of New Mexico. The exploitation of Spanish rule under Oñate caused nearly continuous attacks and reprisals from the nomadic Amer-Indian tribes on the borders, especially the Apache, Navajo, there were also major clashes between the Franciscan missionaries and secular and religious authorities. The colonists exploited Indian labor, as was typical in areas of the Spanish colonies in the Americas. In the 1650s, Governor Bernardo López de Mendizabal, and his subordinate Nicolas de Aguilar, enacted a law to force the settlers and Franciscans to pay Native Americans for their work. He opposed what he perceived to be the mistreatment of the Indians by the Franciscans and proposed to allow the Indians to preserve and to practice their culture, religion, the Franciscans protested the law and accused the governor before the Inquisition. Later he was tried in Mexico City, so, the Franciscans indirectly governed the New Mexico province. In the 1640s, the Native American groups that lived along the Rio Grande successfully rose against the Spanish colonizers in what known as the Pueblo Revolt. After forcing the flight of the settlers/invadors from New Mexico, they were able to follow their own customs, when they returned to the province in 1692, Don Diego de Vargas became the new governor of New Mexico. He entered the former bearing a image of La Conquistadora. The Native Americans were so intrigued by the statue of the Virgin Mary that they are reputed to have laid down their arms at the sight of it. At the time of Vargas arrival, New Mexico was under the jurisdiction of the Royal Audiencia of Guadalajara, however, in 1777 with the creation of the Provincias Internas it was included only in the jurisdiction of the Commandant-GeneralNeomexicano – Joseph Montoya
6. Tejano – The Tejano are residents of the state of Texas who are culturally descended from the original Spanish-speaking settlers of Texas and northern Mexico. They may be variously of Criollo Spanish or Mexican American heritage, historically, the Spanish term Tejano has been used to identify various groups of people. During the Spanish colonial era, the term was applied to Spanish settlers of the region now known as the state of Texas. Since the early 20th century, Tejano has been broadly used to identify a Texan Mexican American. It is also a used to identify natives, as opposed to newcomers. Latino people of Texas identify as Tejano if their families were living there before the area was controlled by Anglo Americans, a dilemma arose a few years ago debating if West Texas residents, were considered to be Tejanos. A board committee composed of Odessa and Midland members came to conclusion that people from West Texas are not considered Tejanos as they are categorized as Mexican American people, as early as 1519, Alonso Alvarez de Pineda claimed the area which is now Texas for Spain. The Spanish monarchy paid little attention to the province until 1685, in that year, the Crown learned of a French colony in the region and worried that it might threaten Spanish colonial mines and shipping routes. King Carlos II sent ten expeditions to find the French colony, between 1690 and 1693 expeditions were made to the Texas region, and they acquired better knowledge of it for the provincial government and settlers who came later. These populations shared certain characteristics, yet they were independent of one another, the main unifying factor was their shared responsibility for defending the northern frontier of New Spain. Some of the first settlers were Isleños from the Canary Islands and their families were among the first to reside at the Presidio San Antonio de Bexar in 1731. Soon after, they established the first civil government at La Villa de San Fernando, ranching was a major activity in the Bexar-Goliad area, which consisted of a belt of ranches that extended along the San Antonio River between Bexar and Goliad. The Nacogdoches settlement was located north and east. Tejanos from Nacogdoches traded with the French and Anglo residents of Louisiana, the third settlement was located north of the Rio Grande, toward the Nueces River. The ranchers there were citizens of Spanish origin from Tamaulipas and northern Mexico, in 1840 the northern Mexican states of Nuevo León, Coahuila, and Tamaulipas seceded from Mexico to establish la República del Río Grande with its capital in what is now Laredo, Texas. They did not maintain this status and became part of Mexico again, by 1821 at the end of the Mexican War of Independence, about 4,000 Tejano lived in Mexican Texas alongside a lesser number of foreign settlers. In addition, several thousand Mexicans lived in the areas of Paso del Norte and Nuevo Santander, incorporating Laredo, during the 1820s, many settlers from the United States and other nations moved to Mexican Texas, settling mostly in the eastern area. The passage of a colonization law encouraged immigration, granting them citizenship if they declared loyalty to MexicoTejano – Juan Seguín
7. Spanish immigration to Hawaii – The native Hawaiians these vaqueros trained became the Paniolo, or Hawaiian cowboys, who carry on a tradition of horsemanship and cattle ranching to the present day. There were no doubt other Spanish adventurers who arrived throughout the century on whaling ships. Spanish immigrants to Hawaii in fact were so few prior to 1900 that they were counted only as Other Foreigners in the Hawaiian census returns. The rise in the late 1800s of the industry in the Hawaiian Islands created a huge demand for laborers to work on the sugarcane plantations. Spain in particular was felt to be a source of contract workers. The importation of Spanish laborers to Hawaii began in 1907, when the British steamship SS Heliopolis arrived in Honolulu Harbor with 2,246 immigrants from the Málaga province of Spain. However, the two argued and fought with each other during the long voyage, so much so that they had to be separated. Went as far as hair pulling, so much so that the U. S. census for 1930 listed only 1,219 residents of Spanish ancestry still remaining in Hawaii. By comparison, residents of Portuguese ancestry in 1930 made up 7. 5% of the population, six ships between 1907 and 1913 brought over 9,000 Spanish immigrants from the Spanish mainland to Hawaii. Ships that brought Spanish immigrants to Hawaii from 1907-1913 Because 491 of the immigrants on the SS Orteric were Portuguese, there was a net importation of 9,262 Spanish immigrantsSpanish immigration to Hawaii – Spanish immigrants crowd the deck of the SS Heliopolis in 1907 on their way to Hawaii.
8. Spanish immigration to Puerto Rico – Spanish settlement of Puerto Rico began shortly after the formation of the Spanish state in 1493 and continues to the present day. On 25 September 1493, Christopher Columbus set sail on his voyage with 17 ships and 1, 200–1,500 men from Cádiz. On 19 November 1493 he landed on the island, naming it San Juan Bautista in honor of Saint John the Baptist, the Spanish heritage in Puerto Rico is palpable today in its customs and many traditions, language, and in the old and new architectural designs. The first Spanish settlement, Caparra, was founded on 8 August 1508 by Juan Ponce de León, a lieutenant under Columbus, the following year the settlement was abandoned in favor of a nearby islet on the coast, named Puerto Rico, which had a suitable harbor. In 1511, a settlement, San Germán, was established in the southwestern part of the island. During the 1520s the island took the name of Puerto Rico while the port became San Juan, from the start of the conquest of Puerto Rico, Castilians ruled over the religious and political life. Some came to the island for just a few years and then returned to Spain, among Puerto Ricos founding families were the Castilian Ponce de León family. Their home was built in 1521 by Ponce de Leon but he died in the year, leaving La Casa Blanca, or The White House. The original structure didnt last long, two years after its construction a hurricane destroyed it and it was rebuilt by Ponce de Leóns son-in-law Juan García Troche. The descendants of Ponce de Leóns family lived in La Casa Blanca for more than 250 years when in 1779 the Spanish Army took control of it, finally, the American military moved into La Casa Blanca in 1898. The southern city of Ponce is named after Juan Ponce de León y Loayza, the great-grandson of the islands first governor. The Spanish heritage of Puerto Ricans comes from the regions of Spain The first wave of Canarian migration to Puerto Rico seems to be in 1695, followed by others in 1714,1720,1731. The number of Canarians that immigrated to Puerto Rico in the first three centuries of Iberian rule is not known to any degree of precision, the Isleños increased their commercial traffic and immigration to the two remaining Spanish colonies in America, Puerto Rico and Cuba. Even after the Spanish–American War of 1898, Canarian immigration to the Americas continued, successive waves of Canarian immigration continued to arrive in Puerto Rico, where entire villages were founded by relocated islanders. In the 1860s, Canarian immigration to America took place at the rate of over 2,000 per year, in the two-year period 1885-1886, more than 4,500 Canarians emigrated to Spanish possessions, with only 150 to Puerto Rico. Between 1891 and 1895 Canarian immigrants to Puerto Rico numbered 600 and these are official figures, when illegal or concealed emigration is taken into account, the numbers would be much larger. Immigration to the island caused the population to grow rapidly during the 19th century, in 1800 the population was 155,426 and ended the century with almost one million inhabitants, multiplying the population by about six times. Included were hundreds of Corsican, French, Irish, German, Scottish, Italian, Lebanese, Maltese, Dutch, English, some countries were represented by only a few immigrants, i. e. fifty-one Chinese immigrants during this centurySpanish immigration to Puerto Rico – Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León bronze statue in San Juan.
9. Asturian American – Asturian Americans are citizens of the United States who are of Asturian ancestry. The first Asturian immigrants came to North America as soldiers, officers and settlers with the Spanish Army in the wake of Spains conquest of what is today Mexico and the southwestern US. Some came directly to areas that would eventually become American territory and these Asturian immigrants organized themselves in tight-knit communities, setting up clubs and welfare organizations to provide and care for its members. One such club is the Centro Asturiano de Tampa, a site in Ybor City, Tampa. It is located at 1913 Nebraska Avenue, established in 1902, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places on July 24,1974. It was designed by Tampa architect M. Leo Elliott, on Asturian immigration, the Asturian-American Migration Forum states, Asturias, a northern Spanish region on the Cantabrian Sea, has been a center of mining and metallurgy for thousands of years. Between 1900 and 1924, thousands of Spaniards emigrated from Asturias to the United States, many of those immigrating were skilled workers who followed the zinc, coal, and other heavy industry to the New World. Others were led by family ties, a desire to avoid military service, when she came to nationality I replied Asturiano, Spanish. She looked perplexed, and then angry that I wouldnt just be Mexican, I told her that my family lived thousands of miles from Mexico, and she just blinked at me. I saw her check Hispanic as she turned to leave, gloria Estefan, Cuban-born singer, songwriter, actress and entrepreneur. Frankie Muniz, actor, musician, writer, producer and race car driver, alfred-Maurice de Zayas, is an American lawyer, writer, historian, a leading expert in the field of human rights and international law. Baldomero Lopez was a first lieutenant in the United States Marine Corps during the Korean War, bob Martínez was the 40th Governor of Florida from 1987 to 1991 and the mayor of Tampa from 1979 to 1986. Martínez was the first person of Spanish ancestry to be elected to the top office. Bill Richardson, 30th Governor of New Mexico from 2003-2011, bob Menendez is the senior United States Senator from New Jersey. Luis F. Alvarez, Asturian-born physician and researcher who practiced in both California and Hawaii, severo Ochoa, Asturian-born doctor and biochemist, joint winner of the 1959 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Arthur Kornberg. Luis Walter Alvarez, experimental physicist and inventor, who spent nearly all of his professional career on the faculty of the University of California. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1968, Walter Alvarez, professor in the Earth and Planetary Science department at the University of California, Berkeley. He is most widely known for the theory that dinosaurs were killed by an impact, developed in collaboration with his fatherAsturian American – Mabel Alvarez
10. Basque Americans – Basque Americans are Americans of Basque descent. According to the 2000 US census, there are 57,793 Americans of full or partial Basque descent, but the real number of Basque Americans could easily reach 100,000 people. Of them,41,811 people claimed be simply Basque American,9,296 claimed be originating from Spanish Basque Country, the states with the largest Basque-American populations are California, Idaho, Nevada, Washington and Oregon. Adams, who on his tour of Europe visited Biscay, was impressed, John Adams traveled in 1779 to Europe to study and compare the various forms of government then found on the Old Continent. The American Constitution was approved by the first thirteen states on 17 September 1787, the current day descendants of Basque immigrants remain most notably in this area and across the Sierras into the neighboring area of northern Nevada, then northward, into Idaho. By the 1850s, there were some Basque sheepherders working in Cahuenga Valley, by 1895 there were reportedly about ten thousand self reporting Basque-Americans in the United States. The current census figures demonstrated in the US map on this page are remarkably low in comparison to these reports, there has been a radical decrease in Basque immigration since that era which has resulted in the significant decline in persons of Basque national or Spanish origin throughout the US. There are significant numbers of Mexicans with Basque names, as many as 1 million self reporting Mexicans of Basque racial or surname heritage today, thousands of Basques were recruited from Spain due to severe labor shortages during World War II. They came under contract with the Western Range Association between the 1940s until around 1970, the Spanish Right of Return extends Spanish citizenship only to the grandchildren of Basque immigrants who were born in Spain and forced to flee during the Francoist uprising in the mid-1930s. There are nearly fifty such clubs in the US, the oldest of which is the Central Vascoamericano, in the west, in 1907 there were efforts made to set up a club in Stockton, California. In 1914, the Basque Club of Utah was founded in Ogden, in 1938, the Basques in the Bakersfield area founded the Kern County Basque Club. However, there is a significant Basque population in Arizona, Colorado, Connecticut, Montana, New Jersey, Basque-American clubs have connections with other Basques around the world to unite and consolidate a sense of identity in the global Basque diaspora. No US state is associated with Basque people and culture than Idaho. Basques today are a part of the states social fabric. Basques were initially drawn to Idaho by the discovery of silver and those that did not directly become involved in mining engaged in ranching, selling beef and lamb products to the miners. While some such immigrants returned to Basque Country, many remained, since 1990, Boise and Gernika have been sister cities. Idaho achieved statehood in 1890 along with the first Basques arriving there around the same time. By 1912, some of the pioneers, such as Jose Navarro, John Achabal, Jose Bengoechea, Benito Arregui, John Echebarria, in March 1973, a group of Basque-Americans met in Reno, Nevada with a questionable proposal, especially considering Basque historyBasque Americans – Basque-American Lauburu
11. Canarian Americans – Canarian Americans are Americans with ancestry that can be traced back to settlers from the Canary Islands of Spain who have emigrated since the 16th century to the present-day United States. Most of them are descendants of settlers who emigrated to Spanish colonies in the Americas during the 18th century. The Canarians were among the first settlers of the modern United States, the first Canarians migrated to modern Florida in 1569, Canarian Americans today consist of several communities, formed by thousands of people. Those in San Antonio and in Louisiana are mostly of Canarian settler descent and their ancestors arrived in what is now the United States in the 18th century, while the Canarian community in Miami is made up of recent emigrants and their children. These communities are distinct within the American population, having preserved much of the culture of their ancestors to present times. Most Canarian Americans now speak only English, although some Canarian communities that speak different dialects of the Spanish language are extant in Louisiana. Canarian emigration to North America started in the 16th century, when Spain had several colonies stretching around the Gulf of Mexico. The first Canarians arrived in the region as early as 1539, between 1731 and 1783, many Canarian families emigrated to the southern colonies, establishing their own communities there. In 1731,16 Canarian families were sent to San Antonio, Texas, after arriving at Veracruz, they were forced to cross overland on foot to Texas, led by the Canarian Juan Leal Goraz, who eventually would become the first mayor of San Antonio. This community had confrontations with the resident Catholic monks of the area over property rights, between 1718 and 1734, Florida was governed by Lt. Florida was returned to Spain in 1783. When Florida was ceded to the United States in 1819, however, most of the new settlers also emigrated to Cuba, as happened in 1763, in Louisiana, the settlers eventually consolidated into three communities, St. Bernard Parish, Valenzuela, and Barataria. Other places in the southern United States had Canarian settlers during the Spanish period, a few communities were founded by Canary Island colonists in Southern California and there are records of Canary Islanders colonists and their descendants living in New Mexico in the 19th century. Many Canarians live in the United States temporarily as migrant workers, the city of Miami, Florida has a Canarian community of recent immigrants. There are also Canarians living in Boston, Massachusetts, New York, New Jersey, Washington D. C. Canarian culture in San Antonio and Louisiana has been preserved up to the present day, although not in Florida. The majority of them descended from Canarian settlers who arrived in Louisiana between 1778 and 1783, according to Samuel G. Armistead, there are four small areas of the state where the Spanish language has been spoken since the 18th century, now in three different dialects. The main Isleño community in Louisiana is in St. Bernard Parish, recorded interviews have been conducted in these communities with the elderly residents, who still speak their dialect of the Spanish language on video and DVD. They are kept in the Museo Canario in Saint Bernard to prevent the language, before the arrival of the Canarian settlers in 1730, the San Pedro channel was built for the exclusive use of the Canary Island colonists. It was called the acequia madre, the ditch that crossed the cityCanarian Americans – Maria Montez
12. Catalan Americans – Catalan Americans are Americans of Catalan descent. The group is formed by Catalan-born naturalized citizens or residents, their descendants and, to a lesser extent, citizens or residents of Catalan descent who still acknowledge Catalan ancestry. The Catalan or Catalonian ancestry is identified with the code 204 in the 2000 U. S. Census, with the name Catalonian, a total of 1,738 individuals who received the long-form Census questionnaire self-identified as Catalan Americans. In the same survey 1,660 people aged 5 or older indicated being able to speak the Catalan language, because the long-form samples a sixth of the population, that figure puts the estimate of Catalan speakers in the US in 2000 at around 10,000 people. However,8067 people born in Catalonia live in the USA, catalonians self-identify as White American or Hispanic American. Census ethnicity 2000 U. S. Census Languages 2010 Catalonian censusCatalan Americans – Thaddeus Amat y Brusi
13. Galician Americans – Galician Americans are Americans of Galician descent. The Galicians are a nationality, cultural and ethnolinguistic group whose homeland is Galicia. Galician and Castilian are the languages of the Autonomous Community of Galicia. The list below refers to US-born or US citizens of Galician ancestry, Estevez family Joe Estevez Martin Sheen Emilio Estevez Ramon Estevez Charlie Sheen Renée Estevez Jerry Garcia was a musician and songwriter. Ramón Verea – Spanish journalist, engineer and writer, inventor of a calculator with an internal multiplication table Yglesias family Jose Yglesias – was an American novelist and journalist. Yglesias was born in the Ybor City section of Tampa, Florida, Rafael Yglesias – Rafael Yglesias is an American novelist and screenwriter. His parents were the novelists Jose Yglesias and Helen Yglesias, Matthew Yglesias – Matthew Yglesias is an American economics journalist and political blogger. Perez Hilton – Mario Armando Lavandeira, Jr. known professionally as Perez Hilton is an American blogger, carmen Fariña is a teacher and politician. Octavio Vazquez is a composer and professor at Nazareth College, centre for Galician Studies CUNY Galician Studies Research Group UW Casa Galicia NYC Casa Galicia de Nova York Galicia Restaurant NYC Casa Galicias St. Patricks Day Parade, YouTubeGalician Americans – Charlie Sheen