Eurovision is part of the European Broadcasting Union, itself founded in 1950 as a system of international broadcasting cooperation and is the world’s largest television contribution network. Eurovision was set up for the purpose of exchanging TV programmes and, the first official Eurovision transmission took place on 6 June 1954. It showed the Narcissus Festival in Montreux, Switzerland and it has a radio counterpart in Euroradio. Not confined only to Europe, Eurovision currently encompasses 75 television broadcasting organizations located in 56 countries of Europe, North Africa, there are 61 associated broadcasting organizations in Europe, America and Oceania. Eurovision is not affiliated with the European Union, the EBU in co-operation with the respective host broadcaster, organises competitions and events in which its Members can participate, if they wish to do so. These include, The Eurovision Song Contest is an international song competition. Seven countries participated – each submitting two songs, for a total of 14 and this was the only contest in which more than one song per country was performed, since 1957 all contests have allowed one entry per country.
The 1956 contest was won by the host nation, Switzerland, in this competition, only countries that are members of the EBU can participate. The first winner was Switzerland, and the most recent is Ukraine with a new voting system, the first host city was Lugano, and the most recent is Stockholm. Let the Peoples Sing is a choir competition, the participants of which are chosen from radio recordings entered by EBU radio members. The final, encompassing three categories and around ten choirs, is offered as a live broadcast to all EBU members, the overall winner is awarded the Silver Rose Bowl. Jeux Sans Frontières was a Europe-wide television game show, in its original conception, it was broadcast from 1965 to 1999 under the auspices of the EBU. The original series run ended in 1982 but was revived in 1988 with a different complexion of nations and was hosted by smaller broadcasters, Eurovision Young Musicians is a competition for European musicians that are younger than 19 years old. It is organised by the EBU and is a member of EMCY, the first competition was held in Manchester, United Kingdom on 11 May 1982.
The televised competition is held two years, with some countries holding national heats. Since its foundation in 1982, the Eurovision Young Musicians competition has become one of the most important music competitions on an international level, the Eurovision Young Dancers is a biennial dance showcase broadcast on television throughout Europe. The first competition was held in Reggio Emilia, Italy on 16 June 1985. It uses a similar to the Eurovision Song Contest, every country that is a member of the EBU has had the opportunity to send a dance act to compete for the title of Eurovision Young Dancer