USS Evans (DD-78)
The first USS Evans was a Wickes-class destroyer in the United States Navy during World War I, transferred to the Royal Navy as HMS Mansfield. Named for Robley Dunglison Evans, she was launched on 30 October 1918 by Bath Iron Works, Maine, sponsored by Mrs. D. N. Sewell, the ship was commissioned on 11 November 1918, Commander Frank H. Sadler in command. She sailed once more on 11 September, and after patrolling off Central America, reached her home port, San Diego. Through the next 2 years, Evans joined in a schedule which found her ranging the eastern Pacific from Valparaíso, Chile, to Astoria. She was placed in reserve at San Diego 6 October 1921, recommissioned on 1 April 1930, she operated out of San Diego for 6 months, was assigned to duty training members of the naval reserve out of New York City, where she arrived 6 December 1930. She returned to San Diego 26 March 1932, to sail with the Battle Fleet on training cruises and in exercises along the west coast and in Hawaiian and Alaskan waters.
On 24 September 1940, she sailed from Key West for Halifax, Nova Scotia, where she was decommissioned 23 October 1940, and transferred to the Royal Navy in the land bases for destroyers exchange. Commissioned as HMS Mansfield, a Town-class destroyer, the destroyer had an international career. During this time, she raided an oil factory in German hands at Øksfjord near Hammerfest. Her landing party destroyed the factorys essential machinery, and attempted to capture the local quisling leader, with her Norwegian crew, she served on escort duty in the North Atlantic, continuing in this vital assignment after she returned to the Royal Navy. Mansfield was transferred to the Royal Canadian Navy, and served with the Western Local Escort Force based on Halifax and St. Johns. With newer escorts available, in November 1943 the veteran of service in four navies was reduced to care and maintenance service at Halifax and her bell, still lettered USS Evans, is preserved at the Maritime Museum of the Atlantic in Halifax, Nova Scotia.
British and Dominion Warships of World War II and this article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here
USS Franks (DD-554)
USS Franks, a World War II-era Fletcher-class destroyer in the service of the United States Navy, was named after Medal of Honor recipient Acting Masters Mate William Joseph Franks. Franks arrived at Pearl Harbor 25 October 1943 to prepare for the invasion of the Gilbert Islands and she screened escort carriers providing air cover for the Tarawa landings, patrolled off Betio until 27 December, returning to Pearl Harbor for a brief repair period. Again she replenished at Pearl Harbor, between 18 February and 4 March, sailed for convoy and patrol duty in the Solomon Islands, targets for Franks reconnaissance and bombardment missions in March and April 1944 included Mussau, north of New Ireland and Bougainville. In May, screening minelayers in Buka Passage and Haggard contacted, returning to the central Pacific the next month, Franks joined in the preinvasion bombardment of Guam from 12 July, and gave fire support to the assault troops who landed there 21 July. After replenishing at Eniwetok, Franks sailed back to the South Pacific to prepare for the invasion of the Palaus and she served as screen and fighter-director ship, covered the occupation of Ulithi 23 September.
On 1 October 1944, Franks sailed from Manus, beginning a month, on 18 March her task force came under heavy enemy air attack, and Franks splashed at least one of the attackers, joining in the fire which brought several others down. Joining the battleship group, Franks closed the southern coast of Okinawa 24 March for a preinvasion bombardment and she sailed at once for temporary repairs at Ulithi, from which she departed 13 April for overhaul at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard. She entered Tokyo Bay 13 September, and on 1 October sailed for the west coast, Franks was placed out of commission in reserve at San Pedro, California 31 May 1946, and sold for scrapping on 1 August 1973. Franks received nine battle stars for World War II service, credited with the first swimming rescue of downed Navy aviators, Mel Collins radar man and first SEAL rescue diver. This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, the entry can be found here
USS Evans (DD-552)
USS Evans, a Fletcher-class destroyer, was the second ship of the United States Navy to be named for Rear Admiral Robley D. Evans. Evans was launched on 4 October 1942 by Gulf Shipbuilding Co, Alabama, sponsored by Mrs. C. E. Isherwood, and commissioned on 11 December 1943, Commander F. C. She continued to screen this fueling group through the summer as the Marianas were won and she conducted shore bombardment and supported the troops ashore with harassing fire on Japanese positions, screened escort carriers until 8 March, when she sailed to Ulithi. Eight days later, she got underway with Hugh W. Hadley for a picket station northwest of Okinawa. During the first night on station, 10–11 May, enemy planes were constantly in evidence, Evans fought determinedly against this overwhelming assault, shooting down many of them, but in quick succession, four kamikazes struck her. Evans after engineering spaces flooded, and she lost power, Evans crew strove to save her, using portable fire extinguishers and bucket brigades.
They succeeded, though 32 were killed and 27 wounded, and she was awarded the Presidential Unit Citation for high gallantry and achievement. After emergency repairs at Kerama Retto, Evans was towed to San Francisco, where she was decommissioned on 7 November and she was sold for scrap on 11 February 1947. In addition to the Presidential Unit Citation, Evans received five stars for her World War II service. This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, the entry can be found here. Navsource. org, USS Evans hazegray. org, USS Evans NHC Photos, USS Evans
Historically, a ship was a sailing vessel with at least three square-rigged masts and a full bowsprit. Ships are generally distinguished from boats, based on size, Ships have been important contributors to human migration and commerce. They have supported the spread of colonization and the trade, but have served scientific, cultural. After the 16th century, new crops that had come from, Ship transport is responsible for the largest portion of world commerce. As of 2016, there were more than 49,000 merchant ships, of these 28% were oil tankers, 43% were bulk carriers, and 13% were container ships. Military forces operate vessels for naval warfare and to transport and support forces ashore, the top 50 navies had a median fleet of 88 surface vessels each, according to various sources. There is no definition of what distinguishes a ship from a boat. Ships can usually be distinguished from boats based on size and the ability to operate independently for extended periods. A legal definition of ship from Indian case law is a vessel that carries goods by sea, a common notion is that a ship can carry a boat, but not vice versa.
American and British 19th Century maritime law distinguished vessels from other craft and boats fall in one legal category, a number of large vessels are usually referred to as boats. Other types of vessel which are traditionally called boats are Great Lakes freighters, riverboats. Though large enough to carry their own boats and heavy cargoes, in most maritime traditions ships have individual names, and modern ships may belong to a ship class often named after its first ship. The first known vessels date back about 10,000 years ago, the first navigators began to use animal skins or woven fabrics as sails. Affixed to the top of a pole set upright in a boat and this allowed men to explore widely, allowing for the settlement of Oceania for example. By around 3000 BC, Ancient Egyptians knew how to assemble wooden planks into a hull and they used woven straps to lash the planks together, and reeds or grass stuffed between the planks helped to seal the seams. Sneferus ancient cedar wood ship Praise of the Two Lands is the first reference recorded to a ship being referred to by name, the ancient Egyptians were perfectly at ease building sailboats.
A remarkable example of their skills was the Khufu ship. Aksum was known by the Greeks for having seaports for ships from Greece, a panel found at Mohenjodaro depicted a sailing craft
USS Evans (DE-1023)
USS Evans, a Dealey-class destroyer escort, was the third ship of the United States Navy to have the name Evans. However, it is the ship to be named for Ernest E. Evans. Evans arrived at San Diego, her port,4 August 1957. She proceeded to visit Japan, Hong Kong, and the Philippines, during her second tour of duty in the Far East, from 8 January 1959 to 13 June, Evans was in Leyte Gulf 7 February to conduct memorial services for her namesake, Commander Ernest Evans. On 14 April 1960, Evans again climaxed a west coast training period by sailing for the western Pacific on a tour of duty continued until 21 July 1960. She returned to operations off the coast for the remainder of the year, Evans departed San Diego on her sixth Westpac deployment in January 1966. She made stops at ports in Hawaii, Hong Kong, Evans served in the Vietnam war zone during parts of March and early July 1966. Evans departed San Diego on her seventh Westpac on 27 March 1967, after stops in Pearl Harbor and Yokosuka, Japan in April, Evans spent the first half of May in the Sea of Japan.
After a stop at Sasebo, Evans went to Yankee Station, Evans left Yankee Station 4 June 1967 and went to Subic Bay, returning to Yankee Station 18 June 1967. On 27 June 1967, she departed Yankee Station and visited Subic Bay, from 10 to 25 July 1967, Evans participated in Operation Sea Dog, anti-submarine and convoy protection exercise. Evans carried a Gyrodyne QH-50 DASH anti-submarine unmanned aerial vehicle during Westpac 67, Evans went to Lingayen Gulf and Bang Saen and returned to Yankee Station 2 August 1967. She departed Yankee Station 15 August for Hong Kong, returned to Sasebo 24 August 1967, Evans Departed Sasebo 6 September and returned to Yankee Station 10 September 1967 after a stop at Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Evans stopped back at Yokosuka, Japan 11 October 1967 before returning to San Diego on 28 October 1967, in September,1968, she was assigned to the Naval Reserve Force as a unit of Reserve Destroyer Squadron 27 at Seattle, Washington. She was eventually decommissioned on 3 December 1973 and was sold for scrap in 1974, USS Evans received five Armed Forces Expeditionary Medals and seven Vietnam Service Medals.
The entry can be found here and this article includes information collected from the Naval Vessel Register, which, as a U. S. government publication, is in the public domain. The entry can be found here, navsource. org, USS Evans hazegray. org, USS Evans
USS Frank E. Evans
USS Frank E. Evans, an Allen M. Sumner-class destroyer, was named in honor of General Frank Evans, a leader of the American Expeditionary Force in France during World War I. She served in late World War II and the Korean War and her keel was laid down at the Bethlehem Steel Company shipyard in Staten Island, New York. She was launched on 3 October 1944 sponsored by Mrs. Frank E. Evans, widow of General Evans, and commissioned on 3 February 1945, with Commander Harry Smith in command. Frank E. Evans arrived at Pearl Harbor on 18 May 1945 for her training, and crossed to Eniwetok, Ulithi. Reaching action waters on 24 June, she was assigned to picket and local escort duty. Immobilized there on 31 March, Evans was decommissioned and placed in reserve on 14 December 1949, recommissioned on 15 September 1950 for duty in the Korean War, Evans sailed from San Diego, California on 2 January 1951 for duty with the 7th Fleet. On 26 February, she began her part in the siege of Wonsan. On 18 June, she was struck by 30 shrapnel hits and it was during this time that Frank E.
Evans earned the nicknames Lucky Evans and the Gray Ghost. During this tour of duty, Evans bombarded targets in the Songjin-Chongjin area, rescued downed aviators and she returned to San Diego on 4 September 1951. Her tour in the Far East from 13 June to 20 December 1953 coincided with the Korean armistice, and was devoted primarily to patrol duty. While riding out Typhoon Pamela in the Taiwan Straits in early November 1954, Frank E. Evans responded to an SOS by USNS Muskingum, which had lost steering control near the center of the storm. Frank E. Evans had escaped to the edge of the typhoon, from 1962 to 1963, the ship was the fictitious Appleby used in the NBC military comedy series Ensign OToole starring Dean Jones in the title role. According to the US Navy Awards file, Frank E. Evans served in the waters off Vietnam for 12 days from July to September 1965, Evans was again in the vicinity of Vietnam for 61 days from August to November 1966. Evans returned to Vietnam and served there for 66 days from October 1967 to 20 February 1968, during the Tet Offensive, on 3 February 1968, Frank E.
Evans provided naval gunfire support to the 101st Airborne Division near Phan Thiết against the 840th VC Battalion. Evans spent an additional 14 days in 1969 in the Vietnam war zone. At around 3 a. m. on 3 June 1969, between Vietnam and Spratly Island, Frank E. Melbourne radioed Evans, to port of the carrier, to take up the rescue destroyer position. The logical movement would be to turn to port and make a circle taking up station on the port quarter. Frank E. Evans was struck at a point around 92 feet from her bow on her side and was cut in two