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Temple Mount and Eretz Yisrael Faithful Movement

The Temple Mount and Eretz Yisrael Faithful Movement is an Orthodox Jewish movement, based in Jerusalem, whose goal is to rebuild the Third Jewish Temple on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem and re-institute the practice of ritual sacrifice. The movement was founded by former Israel Defense Forces officer and Middle Eastern studies lecturer Gershon Salomon. Members of the movement are referred to as the "Temple Mount Faithful"; the group was established in 1967. On 8 October 1990, seventeen Palestinians were killed and over 100 others injured by Israeli Border Police in the 1990 Temple Mount riots triggered by an announcement by the Temple Mount Faithful that they were going to lay a cornerstone for a Third Jewish Temple on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem. After the riots, the police prohibited Salomon from entering the Temple Mount; the Temple Mount Faithful was the first significant group to advocate the Jewish takeover of the Temple Mount, during the 1970s and 1980s, it remained the most visible group with that position.

The group presented its argument in terms of nationalistic, rather than religious, symbolism. In a 1983 interview, Salomon stated that "whoever controls the Temple Mount has rights over the Land of Israel". Over time, Gershon Salomon developed a more religiously oriented apocalyptic and messianic platform, however, was distinctly non-Orthodox in character. Tensions with the more Orthodox elements in the group caused a formal split in 1987, when a more religiously-oriented splinter group, called the "Movement for the Establishment of the Temple", was founded. Subsequently, the influence of the Temple Mount Faithful among the radical Jewish activists waned, although the group still retains significant visibility; the Temple Mount Faithful functions as a protest movement, unlike some other radical Jewish groups, it attempts to operate within Israeli law. Shortly before major Jewish religious festivals, the group requests a permit from the Israeli police to enter the Temple Mount compound and conduct prayer services there.

These requests are denied, are followed by petitions to Israel's High Court of Justice. The High Court routinely, permits the group to enter the site, but not to pray there; the police conclude that the entry cannot be permitted for security reasons, the Temple Mount Faithful are not allowed to enter the Temple Mount compound. As a result, their demonstrations proceed to the Mograbi Gate, are stopped by the police there, outside of the compound. In recent years, Salomon shifted the focus of the Temple Mount Faithful in the apocalyptic and messianic direction, restoration of the Jewish Temple became one of the central objectives of the movement. During the same period, the movement developed close ties with Christian fundamentalist circles, it receives significant financial assistance from some Christian groups in the United States Committee for the Prevention of Destruction of Antiquities on the Temple Mount Temple Institute Motti Inbari, Jewish fundamentalism and the Temple Mount: who will build the Third Temple?, SUNY series in Israeli Studies, Albany: State University of New York Press, 2009, ISBN 978-1-4384-2623-5 Amnon Ramon, Delicate Balances at the Temple Mount, 1967-1999, in: Jerusalem: a city and its future, Marshall J. Berger, Ora Ahimeir, Syracuse University Press, 2002, ISBN 0-8156-2912-5.

Lynn Rienner Publishers, 2002, ISBN 1-58826-226-X Eliezer Don-Yehiya, The book and the sword: the nationalist Yeshivot and political radicalism in Israel, in: Accounting for Fundamentalisms: The Dynamic Character of Movements, Martin E. Marty, R. Scott Appleby, The Fundamentalism Project Series, Vol. 4, University of Chicago Press, 2004, ISBN 0-226-50886-2.

Volodymyr Sharan

Volodymyr Bohdanovych Sharan was a Ukrainian football midfielder who represented Ukraine once at the national level and is a manager of FC Oleksandriya. He capped for USSR U-20 team at 1991 FIFA World Youth Championship; as a player Sharan had successful stint with Dynamo Kyiv in the 1990s winning the Ukrainian Championship three times as well as a Ukrainian Cup. On 31 January 2010 Sharan was installed as manager of PFC Oleksandria of the Ukrainian First League. On 22 December 2011 Sharan resigned from PFC Oleksandria after being offered the position of Sporting director. On 21 January 2012 he accepted the position of manager at Karpaty Lviv. Sharan was sacked on March 25 after tying at home with Oleksandria 1:1. Karpaty under the leadership of Sharan went 0-1-3 with goals scored and allowed 5-12. Dynamo KyivVyshcha Liha Champion: 1992–93, 1993–94 Vyshcha Liha Runners-up: 1992 Ukrainian Cup Champion: 1992–93Dnipro DnipropetrovskUkrainian Cup Runners-up: 1994–95, 1996–97Karpaty LvivUkrainian Cup Runners-up: 1998–99 Soviet UnionUEFA European Under-18 Championship champion: 1990 OleksandriyaPersha Liha Champion: 2010–11, 2014–15 Volodymyr Sharan at Volodymyr Sharan – FIFA competition record Web archive of Statistics at KLISF

Sancho of Castile (bishop)

Infante Sancho of Castile was Archbishop of Toledo and Chancellor of Castile from 1259 until his death. Sancho was the seventh child and sixth son of King Ferdinand III of Castile and his first wife, Elisabeth of Swabia, his father had him and his older brother Philip prepared for an ecclesiastical career. Their paternal grandmother, the former Queen Berengaria of Castile, entrusted Rodrigo Jiménez de Rada, Archbishop of Toledo, with their upbringing; the Archbishop sent the infantes to the University of Paros, where they were taught by Albert the Great. Infante Sancho became Archbishop of Toledo in 1259, he was present at the Cortes of Seville in 1261, but the Infante's entry with archepiscopal cross in December 1260 caused an incident involving him and Raimundo de Losana, Archbishop of Seville. The Archbishop of Seville was considered this a threat to the autonomy of his see. Sancho, stated that, not his intention. Archbishop Sancho died aged 28; the place of his burial is uncertain. González Jiménez, Manuel: Alfonso X el Sabio.

Barcelona: Editorial Ariel S. A. ISBN 84-344-6758-5. Frederick of Castile Henry of Castile the Senator Christina of Norway, Infanta of Castile Genealogy of Sancho de Castilla

USS Bonefish (SS-223)

USS Bonefish was a Gato-class submarine, the first United States Navy ship to be named for the bonefish. She had a busy career in the Pacific against Japanese shipping after being launched and commissioned in May 1943, she was sunk in June 1945 after sinking a ship on its eighth cruise. Bonefish's keel was laid down by the Electric Boat Company of Groton, Connecticut on 25 June 1942, she was launched 7 May 1943, commissioned on 31 May 1943, Lieutenant Commander Thomas W. Hogan in command; the submarine conducted shakedown training out of New London, Conn. and Newport, R. I. until 23 July, when she set out for the Pacific. She arrived at Brisbane, Australia, on the 30th. Following a week of training out of that port, she again got underway for more days of drills in Moreton Bay; the submarine departed there on 16 September for her first war patrol. After transiting Balabac Strait on 22 September, Bonefish continued on to her patrol area in the central part of the South China Sea. Three days the submarine attacked a convoy of eight ships, scoring three hits on a freighter before the escorts forced her to go deep to avoid a depth charge attack.

Bonefish encountered another convoy on 27 September and launched four torpedoes at the lead ship, the largest of the five, sank the 9,908 ton transport Kashima Maru and damaged the Chihaya Maru. The escort ships pursued Bonefish. On 6 October, the boat approached a third convoy and scored hits on two laden cargo vessels. Again forced to go deep to avoid the counterattack, she failed to evaluate the damage that her torpedoes had done to the targets. On 10 October, in her last action of the patrol, Bonefish fired a spread of four torpedoes at two ships of a convoy off Indochina, sending both the 4,212 ton cargo ship Isuzugawa and the 10,086 ton transport Teibi Maru to the bottom. On 14 October the Bonefish sank a Japanese sailing vessel in the Makassar Strait. Bonefish concluded her first war patrol back at Western Australia, on 21 October. After refit and training, the submarine got underway on 22 November for the South China Sea and her second war patrol, she entered the Flores Sea on 28 November and, the next day, intercepted two enemy ships.

Bonefish launched four torpedoes. Two of the four — one hit amidships and another struck the freighter under her mainmast — sent the 4,646 ton cargo ship Suez Maru down by the stern; the escort increased speed and headed for Bonefish, but the sub went deep and escaped the barrage of depth charges. Unknown to Bonefish, Suez Maru was carrying 414 British and 133 Dutch POWs. Minesweeper W.12 picked up the Japanese survivors although released documents state that W.12 machine-gunned the surviving POWs in the water,On 1 December, the boat sighted a convoy of three ships with two escorts hugging the Celebes coast. In two separate attacks, the submarine scored a hit on a large passenger/cargo ship Nichiryo Maru which sank and another on a destroyer escort which survived. Bonefish conducted a submerged patrol of Sandakan Harbor, from 4 – 6 December and sailed for Tarakan. On 11 December, she surfaced to engage small cargo vessel Toyohime Maru with gunfire, scoring several hits before a mechanical problem put her gun out of action.

The next day, the boat made a submerged approach on an unidentified Japanese vessel and fired six torpedoes, scoring one hit. She arrived at Fremantle on 19 December. Following refit and training, the submarine sailed from Fremantle on 12 January 1944 to conduct her third war patrol. While operating in the vicinity of Makassar Strait on 22 January, Bonefish encountered a large sailing vessel; the stranger's crew of seven acted suspiciously as the submarine approached, despite repeated orders to do so, the crew refused to abandon ship. When Bonefish opened fire with her machine guns, the natives leaped overboard; as the vessel began to sink, Japanese troops emerged from below decks. On 6 February, the submarine sighted a convoy composed of at least 17 ships; as she maneuvered into attack position, Bonefish selected a large oiler as her primary target and launched four bow "fish" at it. She fired the other two bow tubes at a cargo ship and tried to swing her stern into position to fire her after tubes.

With escorts charging her, the boat lost depth control and ducked her periscope below the water. Nine tons of water rushed into her forward torpedo room. Bonefish managed to evade the escorts, her crew heard explosions which they interpreted as at least two hits on the oiler and one on the cargo ship, it seems that neither target sank. The submarine next trained her torpedo tubes on a convoy of 13 ships which she contacted on 9 February in Camranh Bay. Although detected by a Japanese destroyer, Bonefish succeeded in firing five torpedoes at the ex-whale-factory tanker Tonan Maru No. 2 before making an emergency dive in shallow water. The submarine escaped damage from both the destroyer's depth charges and from aerial bombs which enemy aircraft dropped, but they prevented her from observing the results of her attack. Following this action, she continued to seek targets for more than a month before returning to Fremantle on 15 March. Underway again on 13 April, Bonefish headed for her fourth war patrol.

On 26 April, she intercepted a convoy of four ships steaming along the Mindanao coast. The submarine maneuvered into a po

General Zaragoza, Nuevo León

General Zaragoza is a municipality and town of the northeastern Mexican state of Nuevo León. It is located in the south-eastern part of the state; the town is at 23°58′25″N 99°46′23″W. The municipality has a total area of 508 square miles and had a population of 5,942 in 2010. Most of the population lives in the town of Zaragoza; the elevation of Zaragoza is 4,520 feet. Zaragoza is bordered by Aramberri, on the south and east by Hidalgo, on the west by Doctor Arroyo. Zaragoza is named in honor of General Ignacio Zaragoza who fought against the French invaders at the Battle of Puebla on May 5, 1862; the original inhabitants of the Zaragoza region were nomadic Indian bands the Spanish called Negritos or Bozalos and Janambres. In 1626, a Franciscan priest, Lorenzo Cantú from the convent at Charcas, followed a group of Indians to the valley of the Rio Blanco where he founded the Misión de San Josè del Rio Blanco near the site of Zaragoza. In 1866, the municipality of Villa de General Zaragoza was created by the government.

Zaragoza is at the head of the semi-arid valley of the Rio Blanco, the uppermost part of the Soto La Marina River system. Some of the highest mountains of the Sierra Madre Oriental are in the Zaragoza municipality. Cerro Zaragoza which rises to 11,352 feet is three miles northeast of Zaragoza town. Cerro Peña Nevada, 11,682 feet is nine miles southwest of Zaragoza town, just across the border in Tamaulipas. Pine and Oak forests cloak the mountains. One to two miles south of town are three waterfalls—15, 20, 25 meters high -- which are tourist attractions. In a semi-arid zone with precipitation at most locations less than 20 inches, Zaragoza is well-favored with rainfall with 28.7 inches annually. Some of the mountains around Zaragoza receive more precipitation, including snow at higher elevations, than the town and valley. Zaragoza Este, one mile east of the town, at an elevation of 5,830 feet, receives 49.2 inches of precipitation annually. Throughout the area most precipitation falls in the summer.

The rainy season begins at the end of April and continues until the end of September. In the region around Zaragoza and September are the rainiest months. Temperatures are mild, although occasional days are hot and the temperature falls below freezing several times each year; the climatic classification of Zaragoza is Bsak. Higher elevations near the town are cooler and more humid, some becoming Cw climates

Camille Hilaire

Camille Hilaire was a French painter and weaver from Metz. He attended the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris during World War II and was tutored by André Lhote. Hilaire began painting from a young age. At fifteen, he discovered the work of Albrecht Dürer in the Metz city library and began making copies of it; some drawings he had hung up in a bookshop drew the attention of Jean Giono and Nicolas Untersteller, the director of the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris. It was thus. Thanks to a scholarship, Hilaire travelled around Spain and Italy in 1933 and 1934 and drew inspiration from the art he encountered. Both his painting and tapestry express the beauty and diversity of the places through which he travelled, he was drafted into the army and participated in the campaign of France, was taken prisoner and returned to Paris in early 1941. Condemned to secrecy, he enrolled under a false name at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris during the Occupation. In 1942-1943, while remaining at Beaux-Arts, he came under the tutelage of the Cubist artist André Lhote, with whom he became friends, soon after his assistant.

Hilaire's painting reveals influences from Cubism but without the rigidity typical of the early years of the movement. He was appointed professor of Beaux-Arts in Nancy, where he taught from 1947 to 1958, Paris until 1968, he was awarded the Prix de Venise in 1948 and the Prix de la Casa de Velázquez in 1950. He held his first exhibition in Paris in 1951 at the Gallerie Valloton, he exhibited at the preeminent international art fairs in Geneva and Deauville. Camille Hilaire is subtle in his composition, he did away with efficient structures, he held power with colour and achieved a wonderful, consistent sense of calm and greatness by translating patterns and elements, which never prevented him from expressing a burning passion for creating and sharing. His nudes were remarkable, with perfect curves, coiled with charm and set in a context in which their sensual fullness imposed itself with provocative grace; as for his landscapes, Camille Hilaire could determine the structure without apparent constraints, overlaying a fresh, spicy green, so characteristic of them.

Thus and elements they become the pretext upon which the artist "pushed" the colour to get the effect felt. As for his tapestries, his job as a graphic designer and his willingness to explore are mingled in splendid works that draw attention by virtue of their technical execution of pure harmony and that have just as surprising an outcome as the artist's lithographs. One of the interior walls of the canteen of the collège Georges-de-La-Tour, at place du Roi-George in Metz, is decorated with a bucolic fresco painted by Camille Hilaire, impressive in its size and beauty, it was saved during modernization of the building. Over time, a dozen monographs have been devoted to him as well as films, he leaves behind a large body of work, stamped with the seal of seduction. Hilaire has influenced the French painters of the mid-twentieth century, he was married in 1934 to Anne-Marie Reslinger, with whom he had Jeannine. In 1942, he remarried with Simone Jance, a fellow student of art, with whom he had four children: Christiane, Claude, a painter going by the name of Hastaire, Florence and sculptor with the pseudonym Cantié-Kramer.

From 1972 to 1994, Hilaire produced six limited edition books containing original lithographs: 1972: Femmes 1974: Le Cirque 1975: Où passent nos rivières 1976: La Normandie 1977: Jardins 1994: Méditerranéennes Pierre Louÿs. Poemes libres. Les éd. de l'Ibis. Hilaire made twelve illustrations for this, the fifth of the six volumes of Chefs-d'oeuvre de Pierre Louÿs; the SS France displayed a number of tapestries, including two by Hilaire in the Salon Fontainebleau, reserved for first class passengers: Sous-bois, a work of 18m², Forêt de France. D'Assailly, Gisele. Paroles en couleurs. Editions Julliard. Pierre Gascar. Camille Hilaire. Avec Une Biographie, Une Bibliographie Et Une Documentation Complète Sur Le Peintre Et Son Œuvre. Retrieved 7 February 2013. Georges Coanet. Metz pour nous deux: Aquarelles de Camille Hilaire. P. Even. Retrieved 7 February 2013. Camille Hilaire. Hilaire: œuvre tissé... Galerie Verrière. Retrieved 7 February 2013. Louis Bromfield. La mousson. Editions Famot. Retrieved 7 February 2013.

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