The Territory South of the River Ohio, more known as the Southwest Territory, was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from May 26, 1790, until June 1, 1796, when it was admitted to the United States as the State of Tennessee. The Southwest Territory was created by the Southwest Ordinance from lands of the Washington District, ceded to the U. S. federal government by North Carolina. The territory's lone governor was William Blount; the establishment of the Southwest Territory followed a series of efforts by North Carolina's trans-Appalachian residents to form a separate political entity with the Watauga Association, with the failed State of Franklin. North Carolina ceded these lands in April 1790 as payment of obligations owed to the federal government; the territory's residents welcomed the cession, believing the federal government would provide better protection from Indian hostilities. The federal government paid little attention to the territory, increasing its residents' desire for full statehood.
Along with Blount, a number of individuals who played prominent roles in early Tennessee history served in the Southwest Territory's administration. These included John Sevier, James Robertson, Griffith Rutherford, James Winchester, Archibald Roane, John McNairy, Joseph McMinn and Andrew Jackson. During the colonial period, land that would become the Southwest Territory was part of North Carolina's land patent; the Blue Ridge Mountains, which rise along the modern Tennessee-North Carolina border, hindered North Carolina from pursuing any lasting interest in the territory. Trade, political interest, settlement came from Virginia and South Carolina, though refugees from the Regulator War began arriving from North Carolina in the early 1770s; the Watauga Association was a semi-autonomous government created in 1772 by frontier settlers living along the Watauga River in what is present day Elizabethton, Tennessee. The colony was established on Cherokee-owned land in which the Watauga and Nolichucky settlers had negotiated a 10-year lease directly with the Indians.
Fort Watauga was established on the Watauga River at Sycamore Shoals as a trade center of the settlements. In March 1775, land speculator and North Carolina judge Richard Henderson met with more than 1,200 Cherokees at Sycamore Shoals. Included at the gathering were Cherokee leaders such as Attacullaculla and Dragging Canoe; the meeting resulted in the "Treaty of Sycamore Shoals", in which Henderson purchased from the Cherokee all the land situated south of the Ohio River and lying between the Cumberland River, the Cumberland Mountains, the Kentucky River. This land, which encompassed 20 million acres, became known as the Transylvania Purchase. Henderson's land deal was found to be in violation of North Carolina and Virginia law, as well as the Royal Proclamation of 1763, which had prohibited the private purchase of American Indian land. Both North Carolina and Virginia considered the trans-Appalachian settlements illegal, refused to annex them. At the onset of the American War for Independence in 1776, the settlers, who vigorously supported the Patriot cause, organized themselves into the "Washington District" and formed a committee of safety to govern it.
In July 1776, Dragging Canoe and the faction of the Cherokee opposed to the Transylvania Purchase aligned with the British and launched an invasion of the Watauga settlements, targeting Fort Watauga at modern Elizabethton and Eaton's Station near modern Kingsport. After the settlers thwarted the attacks, North Carolina agreed to annex the settlements as the Washington District. In September 1780, a large group of trans-Appalachian settlers, led by William Campbell, John Sevier and Isaac Shelby, assembled at Sycamore Shoals in response to a British threat to attack frontier settlements. Known as the Overmountain Men, the settlers marched across the mountains to South Carolina, where they engaged and defeated a loyalist force led by Patrick Ferguson at the Battle of Kings Mountain. Overmountain Men would take part in the Battle of Musgrove Mill and the Battle of Cowpens. In 1784, North Carolina ceded control of the Overmountain settlements following a hotly contested vote; the cession was rescinded that year, but not before some of the settlers had organized the State of Franklin, which sought statehood.
John Sevier was named governor and the area began operating as an independent state not recognized by the Congress of the Confederation. Many Overmountain settlers, led by John Tipton, remained loyal to North Carolina, quarreled with the Franklinites. Following Tipton's defeat of Sevier at the "Battle of Franklin" in early 1788, the State of Franklin movement declined; the Franklinites had agreed to rejoin North Carolina by early 1789. North Carolina ratified the United States Constitution on November 21, 1789. On December 22, the state legislature voted to cede the Overmountain settlements as payment of its obligations to the new federal government. Congress accepted the cession during its first session on April 2, 1790, when it passed "An Act to Accept a Cession of the Claims of the State of North Carolina to a Certain District of Western Territory". On May 26, 1790, Congress passed an act organizing the new cession as the "Territory of the United States South of the River Ohio," which consisted of modern Tennessee, with the exception of minor boundary changes.
However, most of the new territory was under Indian control, with territorial administration covering two unconnected areas— the Washington District in what is now northeast Tennessee, the Mero District around Nashville. The act merged the office of territorial gov
Montgomery County, Tennessee
Montgomery County is a county located in the U. S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 172,331; the county seat is Clarksville. The county was created in 1836. Montgomery County is included in TN -- KY Metropolitan Statistical Area; the county was named for John Montgomery, a soldier in the American Revolutionary War and an early settler who founded the city of Clarksville. It was organized in 1796 when North Carolina, became a state; the same year, much of the eastern portion of the county was combined with land taken from Sumner County to form Robertson County, Tennessee. Acts of the Tennessee General Assembly had further reduced the county by 1871 to its current size and boundaries. Montgomery County was the site of several early saltpeter mines. Saltpeter is the main ingredient of gunpowder and was obtained by leaching the earth from several local caves. Bellamy Cave, located near Stringtown, still contains the remains of two dozen saltpeter leaching vats, it appeared to have a large operation.
Cooper Creek Cave shows evidence of extensive mining and contains the remains of "many saltpeter hoppers". Both were mined during the War of 1812. Dunbar Cave is reported to have been mined for saltpeter during the Mexican War of 1848, but commercial development has destroyed any evidence of this. Little mining is to have happened here during the Civil War, since the Union Army captured and occupied this part of Tennessee in early 1862. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 544 square miles, of which 539 square miles is land and 4.7 square miles is water. Montgomery County lies in a region of well-developed karst topography. A large cave system is named Dunbar Cave. Dunbar Cave is the centerpiece of Dunbar Cave State Park, which encompasses 110 acres and is one of the most visited units in the Tennessee State Park System. Dunbar Cave was extensively used by prehistoric Indians, who inhabited this area for thousands of years before European encounter. Remains of their cane torches have been found in the cave, archaeologists have excavated numerous artifacts inside the entrance.
During a research trip into the cave on January 15, 2005, Park Ranger Amy Wallace, History professor Joe Douglas, local historian Billyfrank Morrison, Geologist Larry E. Matthews, discovered Indian glyphs on the walls of the cave. Subsequent investigations by archaeologists from the University of Tennessee at Knoxville confirmed that these drawings were left by people of the Mississippian culture, active about 1000-1300 CE; these Indian glyphs were featured for a few years on the tour of the cave. In 2009 Tennessee closed Dunbar Cave to the public because White Nose Syndrome was diagnosed in a bat and they did not want the disease to spread; the above ground portion of the Park is still open to the public. Christian County, Kentucky Todd County, Kentucky Robertson County Cheatham County Dickson County Houston County Stewart County Barnett's Woods State Natural Area Dunbar Cave State Natural Area Dunbar Cave State Park Haynes Bottom Wildlife Management Area Port Royal State Park Shelton Ferry Wildlife Management Area As of the census of 2000, there were 134,768 people, 48,330 households, 35,957 families residing in the county.
The population density was 250 people per square mile. There were 52,167 housing units at an average density of 97 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 73.17% White, 19.18% Black or African American, 0.53% Native American, 1.82% Asian, 0.21% Pacific Islander, 2.18% from other races, 2.91% from two or more races. 5.16% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 48,330 households out of which 40.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.70% were married couples living together, 12.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.60% were non-families. 20.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.11. In the county, the population was spread out with 28.40% under the age of 18, 12.30% from 18 to 24, 34.30% from 25 to 44, 17.20% from 45 to 64, 7.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years.
For every 100 females, there were 101.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.80 males. The median income for a household in the county was $38,981, the median income for a family was $43,023. Males had a median income of $30,696 versus $22,581 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,265. About 7.90% of families and 10.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.70% of those under age 18 and 10.70% of those age 65 or over. The County Commission has 21 members, each elected from a single-member district. In addition, voters elect a County Mayor at-large and certain other county-level positions, including the sheriff. County Mayor: Jim Durrett Assessor of Property: Erinne Hester Trustee: Kimberly Wiggins Sheriff: John Fuson Circuit Court Clerk: Cheryl J. Castle County Clerk: Kellie A. Jackson Register of Deeds: Connie Gunnett Highway Supervisor: Robert M. Frost Clarksville National Register of Historic Places listings in Montgomery County, Tennessee Official website Montgomery County, TNGenWeb - free genealogy resources for the county Montgomery County at Curlie
Humphreys County, Tennessee
Humphreys County is a county located in the U. S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 18,538, its county seat is Waverly. Humphreys County was established in 1809 from parts of Stewart County, named for Judge Parry Wayne Humphreys; the county seat was located at Reynoldsburg, near the mouth of Dry Creek. When the western half of the county was split off to form Benton County in 1835, the seat was moved to the more centrally located Waverly. During the Civil War, the Battle of Johnsonville was fought in the western half of the county; the remnants of the battle site are the focus of Johnsonville State Historic Park, though much of the battlefield has been submerged by dams on the Tennessee River. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 557 square miles, of which 531 square miles is land and 26 square miles is water. Houston County Dickson County Hickman County Perry County Benton County Tennessee National Wildlife Refuge Johnsonville State Park As of the census of 2000, there were 17,929 people, 7,238 households, 5,146 families residing in the county.
The population density was 33.7 people per square mile. There were 8,482 housing units at an average density of 15.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 95.52% White, 2.94% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.16% from other races, 0.85% from two or more races. 0.83% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 7,238 households out of which 30.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.30% were married couples living together, 10.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.90% were non-families. 25.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.60% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.90. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.90% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 27.50% from 25 to 44, 26.20% from 45 to 64, 14.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years.
For every 100 females there were 96.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.10 males. The median income for a household in the county was $35,786, the median income for a family was $42,129. Males had a median income of $31,657 versus $20,736 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,757. About 7.60% of families and 10.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.50% of those under age 18 and 13.70% of those age 65 or over. McEwen New Johnsonville Waverly Bakerville Buffalo Cedar Grove Hurricane Mills Plant Polecat Gorman National Register of Historic Places listings in Humphreys County, Tennessee Official site Humphreys County, TNGenWeb - free genealogy resources for the county Humphreys County at Curlie
History of Tennessee
Tennessee is one of the 50 states of the United States. It was admitted to the Union on June 1796, as the 16th state. Paleo-Indians are believed to have hunted and camped in what is now Tennessee as early as 12,000 years ago. Along with projectile points common for this period, archaeologists in Williamson County have uncovered a 12,000-year-old mastodon skeleton with cut marks typical of prehistoric hunters; the most prominent known Archaic period site in Tennessee is the Icehouse Bottom site located just south of Fort Loudoun in Monroe County. Excavations at Icehouse Bottom in the early 1970s uncovered evidence of human habitation dating to as early as 7,500 BC. Other archaic sites include Rose Island, located a few miles downstream from Icehouse Bottom, the Eva site in Benton County. Tennessee is home to two major Woodland period sites: the Pinson Mounds in Madison County and the Old Stone Fort in Coffee County, both built c. 1–500 AD. The Pinson Mounds are the largest Middle Woodland site in the Southeastern United States, consisting of at least 12 mounds and a geometric earthen enclosure.
The Old Stone Fort is a large ceremonial structure with a complex entrance way, situated on what was once a inaccessible peninsula. Mississippian villages are found along the banks of most of the major rivers in Tennessee; the most well-known of these sites include Chucalissa near Memphis. Excavations at the McMahan Mound Site in Sevier County and more at Townsend in Blount County have uncovered the remnants of palisaded villages dating to 1200. In the 16th century, three Spanish expeditions passed through; the Hernando de Soto expedition entered the Tennessee Valley via the Nolichucky River in June 1540, rested for several weeks at the village of Chiaha, proceeded southward to the Coosa chiefdom in northern Georgia. In 1559, the expedition of Tristán de Luna, resting at Coosa, entered the Chattanooga area to help the Coosa chief subdue a rebellious tribe known as the Napochies. In 1567, the Pardo expedition entered the Tennessee Valley via the French Broad River, rested for several days at Chiaha, followed a trail to the upper Little Tennessee River before being forced to turn back.
At Chiaha, one of Pardo's subordinates, Hernando Moyano de Morales, established a short-lived fort called San Pedro. It, along with five other Spanish forts across the region, was destroyed by natives in 1569, thereby opening the area to other European colonization. Chronicles of the Spanish explorers provide the earliest written accounts regarding the Tennessee Valley's 16th-century inhabitants. Most of the valley, including Chiaha, was part of the Coosa chiefdom's regional sphere of influence. Inhabitants spoke a dialect of the Muskogean language, lived in complex agrarian communities centered around fortified villages. Cherokee-speaking people lived in the remote reaches of the Appalachian Mountains, may have been at war with the Muskogean inhabitants in the valley; the village of Tali, visited by De Soto in 1540, is believed to be the Mississippian-period village excavated at the Toqua site in the 1970s. The villages of Chalahume and Satapo, visited by Pardo in 1567, were predecessors the Cherokee villages of Chilhowee and Citico, which were located near the modern Chilhowee Dam.
As of the 17th century, Tennessee was the middle ground for several different native peoples. Along the Mississippi River was the Chickasaw & Choctaw peoples, inland of them were the Coushatta-- all three were part of the Muskogean language family. Before European contact, they were all a loose collection of Mississippian culture city-states with their own leaders, but upon contact with Europeans, they merged into larger nations, spread out and adopted a European lifestyle, earning many of them the title of the "Civilized Tribes." During the height of the Mississippians, hundreds of walled cities extended throughout the American south from Louisiana to the east coast, up the Mississippi into Wisconsin & a few fringe cities along larger rivers on the Great Plains. They had agriculture, they did not build with stone, but made plenty of examples of sculpture work in clay, stone & copper. Most of what remains of these cities, are large, earthen hills and artful burial mounds; these people did not develop the Mississippian culture, but adopted it from the Caddo people west of the Mississippi River.
To the east were the Yuchi & Iroquoian Cherokee, divided along the Tennessee River. In the north-central region of the state were the Algonquian Cisca, they moved northeast and merged with the Shawnee, but were replaced with a second native nation known as the Maumee, or Mascouten which were driven south during the Beaver Wars from southern Michigan. They merged with the Miami of Indiana & were, once again, replaced by the Shawnee; the Shawnee controlled most of the Ohio River Region until the Shawnee Wars. French explorers and traders, led by Robert de La Salle, entered the region in 1682 at Fort Prudhomme. France established a presence at Fort Assumption during the Chickasaw Wars; the Cherokee moved south from the area now called Virginia. As European colonists spread into the area, the native populations were forcibly displaced to the south and west, including the Muscogee, Yuchi and Choctaw peoples. From 1838 to 1839, the US government forced the Cherokee to leave the eastern United States.
Nearly 17,000 Cherokee were forced to march from east
Davidson County, Tennessee
Davidson County is a county located in the U. S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 626,681, making it the second-most populous county in Tennessee, its county seat is the state capital. In 1963, the City of Nashville and the Davidson County government merged, so the county government is now known as the "Metropolitan Government of Nashville and Davidson County," or "Metro Nashville" for short. Davidson County has the largest population in the 14-county Nashville-Davidson–Murfreesboro–Franklin Metropolitan Statistical Area. Nashville has always been the region's center of commerce, industry and culture, but it did not become the capital of Tennessee until 1827 and did not gain permanent capital status until 1843. Davidson County is the oldest county in the 41-county region of Middle Tennessee, it dates to 1783, when the North Carolina legislature created the county and named it in honor of William Lee Davidson, a North Carolina general, killed opposing General Cornwallis and the British Army's crossing of the Catawba River on February 1, 1781.
The county seat, Nashville, is the oldest permanent European settlement in Middle Tennessee, founded by James Robertson and John Donelson during the winter of 1779–80. The first white settlers established the Cumberland Compact in order to establish a basic rule of law and to protect their land titles. Through much of the early 1780s, the settlers faced a hostile response from Native American tribes who resented their encroaching on their territory and competing for resources; as the county's many known archaeological sites attest, Native American cultures had occupied areas of Davidson County for thousands of years. The first whites to enter the area were fur traders. Long hunters came next, having learned about the large salt lick, known as French Lick, where they hunted game and traded with Native Americans. In 1765, Timothy Demonbreun, a hunter and former Governor of Illinois under the French, his wife lived in a small cave on the south side of the Cumberland River near present-day downtown Nashville.
The first white child to be born in Middle Tennessee was born there. During the June 8, 1861, the divided population of Davidson County voted narrowly in favor of secession: 5,635 in favor, 5,572 against. Middle Tennessee was occupied by Union troops from 1862, which caused widespread social disruption in the state. See List of people from Nashville, Tennessee for notable people that were residents of both Nashville and Davidson County. Newman Haynes Clanton - Democrat, western cattle rustler and outlaw According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 526 square miles, of which 504 square miles is land and 22 square miles is water; the Cumberland River flows from east to west through the middle of the county. Two dams within the county are Old Hickory Lock and Dam and J. Percy Priest Dam, operated by the United States Army Corps of Engineers. Important tributaries of the Cumberland in Davidson County include Whites Creek, Manskers Creek, Stones River, Mill Creek, the Harpeth River.
Robertson County, Tennessee – north Sumner County, Tennessee – northeast Wilson County, Tennessee – east Rutherford County, Tennessee – southeast Williamson County, Tennessee – south Cheatham County, Tennessee – west Natchez Trace Parkway Bicentennial Mall State Park Couchville Cedar Glade State Natural Area Harpeth River State Park Hill Forest State Natural Area Long Hunter State Park Mount View Glade State Natural Area Percy Priest Wildlife Management Area Radnor Lake State Natural Area I-24 I-40 I-65 I-440 US 31 US 31A US 31E US 31W US 41 US 41A US 70 US 70S US 431 SR 12 SR 45 SR 96 SR 100 SR 155 SR 171 SR 174 SR 251 SR 253 SR 254 SR 255 SR 265 SR 386 As of the census of 2000, there were 569,891 people, 237,405 households, 138,169 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,135 people per square mile. There were 252,977 housing units at an average density of 504 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 67.0% White, 26.0% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 2.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.4% from other races, 2.0% from two or more races.
4.6% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. In 2005 the racial makeup of the county was 61.7% non-Hispanic white, 27.5% African-American, 6.6% Latino and 2.8% Asian. In 2000 there were 237,405 households out of which 26.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.9% were married couples living together, 14.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 41.8% were non-families. 33.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.96. In the county, the population was spread out with 22.2% under the age of 18, 11.6% from 18 to 24, 34.0% from 25 to 44, 21.1% from 45 to 64, 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.80 males. The median income for a household in the county was $39,797, the median income for a family was $49,317.
Males had a median income of $33,844 versus $27,770 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,069. About 10.0% of families and 13.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.1% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over. U. S. Senators: Lamar Alexander and Marsha Blackburn U. S. Representatives: Jim Cooper State Senators: Brenda Gilmore, Steven Dickerson, Jeff Yarbro, Ferrell Haile State Represent
North Carolina is a state in the southeastern region of the United States. It borders South Carolina and Georgia to the south, Tennessee to the west, Virginia to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the east. North Carolina is the 28th-most extensive and the 9th-most populous of the U. S. states. The state is divided into 100 counties; the capital is Raleigh, which along with Durham and Chapel Hill is home to the largest research park in the United States. The most populous municipality is Charlotte, the second-largest banking center in the United States after New York City; the state has a wide range of elevations, from sea level on the coast to 6,684 feet at Mount Mitchell, the highest point in North America east of the Mississippi River. The climate of the coastal plains is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean. Most of the state falls in the humid subtropical climate zone. More than 300 miles from the coast, the western, mountainous part of the state has a subtropical highland climate. Woodland-culture Native Americans were in the area around 1000 BCE.
During this time, important buildings were constructed as flat-topped buildings. By 1550, many groups of American Indians lived in present-day North Carolina, including Chowanoke, Pamlico, Coree, Cape Fear Indians, Waxhaw and Catawba. Juan Pardo explored the area in 1566–1567, establishing Fort San Juan in 1567 at the site of the Native American community of Joara, a Mississippian culture regional chiefdom in the western interior, near the present-day city of Morganton; the fort lasted only 18 months. A expedition by Philip Amadas and Arthur Barlowe followed in 1584, at the direction of Sir Walter Raleigh. In June 1718, the pirate Blackbeard ran his flagship, the Queen Anne's Revenge, aground at Beaufort Inlet, North Carolina, in present-day Carteret County. After the grounding her crew and supplies were transferred to smaller ships. In November, after appealing to the governor of North Carolina, who promised safe-haven and a pardon, Blackbeard was killed in an ambush by troops from Virginia.
In 1996 Intersal, Inc. a private firm, discovered the remains of a vessel to be the Queen Anne's Revenge, added to the US National Register of Historic Places. North Carolina became one of the English Thirteen Colonies and with the territory of South Carolina was known as the Province of North-Carolina; the northern and southern parts of the original province separated in 1729. Settled by small farmers, sometimes having a few slaves, who were oriented toward subsistence agriculture, the colony lacked cities or towns. Pirates menaced the coastal settlements. Growth was strong in the middle of the 18th century, as the economy attracted Scots-Irish, Quaker and German immigrants. A majority of the colonists supported the American Revolution, a smaller number of Loyalists than in some other colonies such as Georgia, South Carolina, New York. During colonial times, Edenton served as the state capital beginning in 1722, New Bern was selected as the capital in 1766. Construction of Tryon Palace, which served as the residence and offices of the provincial governor William Tryon, began in 1767 and was completed in 1771.
In 1788 Raleigh was chosen as the site of the new capital, as its central location protected it from coastal attacks. Established in 1792 as both county seat and state capital, the city was named after Sir Walter Raleigh, sponsor of Roanoke, the "lost colony" on Roanoke Island; the population of the colony more than quadrupled from 52,000 in 1740 to 270,000 in 1780 from high immigration from Virginia and Pennsylvania plus immigrants from abroad. North Carolina made the smallest per-capita contribution to the war of any state, as only 7,800 men joined the Continental Army under General George Washington. There was some military action in 1780–81. Many Carolinian frontiersmen had moved west over the mountains, into the Washington District, but in 1789, following the Revolution, the state was persuaded to relinquish its claim to the western lands, it ceded them to the national government so that the Northwest Territory could be organized and managed nationally. After 1800, cotton and tobacco became important export crops.
The eastern half of the state the Tidewater region, developed a slave society based on a plantation system and slave labor. Many free people of color migrated to the frontier along with their European-American neighbors, where the social system was looser. By 1810, nearly 3 percent of the free population consisted of free people of color, who numbered more than 10,000; the western areas were dominated by white families Scots-Irish, who operated small subsistence farms. In the early national period, the state became a center of Jeffersonian and Jacksonian democracy, with a strong Whig presence in the West. After Nat Turner's slave uprising in 1831, North Carolina and other southern states reduced the rights of free blacks. In 1835 the legislature withdrew their right to vote. On May 20, 1861, North Carolina was the last of the Confederate states to declare secession from the Union, 13 days after the Tennessee legislature voted for secession; some 125,000 North Carolinians served in the military.
Stewart County, Tennessee
Stewart County is a county located in the U. S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,324, its county seat is Dover. Stewart County is part of the Clarksville Metropolitan Statistical Area. Stewart County was created in 1803 from a portion of Montgomery County, was named for Duncan Stewart, an early settler and state legislator.. The first County Court met in March, 1804. After the February 1862 Battle of Fort Donelson, the county seat, was burned in August, 1862 by Union troops to prevent its re-capture by Lt. Col. Thomas G. Woodward. A second battle called the Battle of Dover, took place in February, 1863. Tobaccoport Saltpeter Cave was intensely mined for saltpeter during the War of 1812. Saltpeter was obtained by leaching the earth from the cave; this area fell under Union control in February 1862, early in the Civil War, it seems unlikely that mining could have happened before that. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 493 square miles, of which 459 square miles is land and 34 square miles is water.
The county lies in a rugged section of the northwestern Highland Rim. The Cumberland River traverses the county; the Tennessee River provides the county's border with Henry County to the west. Federal and state agencies control nearly 44% of the land in the county. Trigg County, Kentucky Christian County, Kentucky Montgomery County Houston County Benton County Henry County Calloway County, Kentucky Cross Creeks National Wildlife Refuge Fort Donelson National Battlefield Land Between the Lakes National Recreation Area Barkley Wildlife Management Area Stewart State Forest As of the census of 2000, there were 12,370 people, 4,930 households, 3,653 families residing in the county; the population density was 27 people per square mile. There were 5,977 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 95.27% White, 1.29% Black or African American, 0.61% Native American, 1.46% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.23% from other races, 1.10% from two or more races.
1.00% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 4,930 households out of which 31.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.30% were married couples living together, 8.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.90% were non-families. 23.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.91. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.90% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 28.40% from 25 to 44, 25.40% from 45 to 64, 14.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.50 males. The median income for a household in the county was $32,316, the median income for a family was $38,655. Males had a median income of $31,106 versus $21,985 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,302.
About 10.60% of families and 12.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.90% of those under age 18 and 15.60% of those age 65 or over. The county is part of Tennessee's 8th congressional district, traditionally voted Democratic as it was powerfully secessionist. In fact, before 1972 no Republican had won thirty percent of Stewart County’s vote, up to 2000 Richard Nixon in his 3,000-plus-county landslide of 1972 was the only GOP candidate to reach forty percent; the solitary time before 2000 when a Democratic candidate lost Stewart County was the 1968 win by George Wallace of the American Independent Party, following which it became one of only six Wallace counties to support George McGovern. However, Stewart County has trended Republican in recent presidential elections, due to opposition to the Democratic Party’s liberal views on social issues. In the 2008 presidential election, John McCain received 53.7% of the vote, making him the first Republican to carry the county.
Stewart County was the sole county in Tennessee that had never voted for a Republican presidential candidate in the last 100 years. In 2016, Donald Trump continued this rapid GOP trend, gaining a proportion only marginally less than the GOP gained in Unionist counties of East Tennessee and the Highland Rim. WTPR-FM 101.7 - "The Greatest Hits of All Time" WTPR-AM 710 - "The Greatest Hits of All Time" WAKQ-FM 105.5 - "Today's Best Music with Ace & TJ in the Morning" Dover Cumberland City Tennessee Ridge Bear Spring Big Rock Bumpus Mills Indian Mound National Register of Historic Places listings in Stewart County, Tennessee Official website Stewart County Chamber of Commerce Stewart County Schools TNGenWeb Stewart County at Curlie