1930 United States Census
The Fifteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau one month from April 1, 1930, determined the resident population of the United States to be 122,775,046, an increase of 13.7 percent over the 106,021,537 persons enumerated during the 1920 Census. The 1930 Census collected the following information: address name relationship to head of family home owned or rented if owned, value of home if rented, monthly rent whether owned a radio set whether on a farm sex race age marital status and, if married, age at first marriage school attendance literacy birthplace of person, their parents if foreign born: language spoken at home before coming to the U. S. year of immigration whether naturalized ability to speak English occupation and class of worker whether at work previous day veteran status if Indian: whether of full or mixed blood tribal affiliationFull documentation for the 1930 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.
The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in 1949. The microfilmed census is located on 2,667 rolls of microfilm, available from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, digital indices. Microdata from the 1930 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. 1930 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com 1931 U. S Census Report Contains 1930 Census results Historic US Census data 1930Census.com: 1930 United States Census for Genealogy & Family History Research 1930 Interactive US Census Find stories and more attached to names on the 1930 US census
Marriage called matrimony or wedlock, is a or ritually recognised union between spouses that establishes rights and obligations between those spouses, as well as between them and any resulting biological or adopted children and affinity. The definition of marriage varies around the world not only between cultures and between religions, but throughout the history of any given culture and religion, evolving to both expand and constrict in who and what is encompassed, but it is principally an institution in which interpersonal relationships sexual, are acknowledged or sanctioned. In some cultures, marriage is recommended or considered to be compulsory before pursuing any sexual activity; when defined broadly, marriage is considered a cultural universal. A marriage ceremony is known as a wedding. Individuals may marry for several reasons, including legal, libidinal, financial and religious purposes. Whom they marry may be influenced by gender determined rules of incest, prescriptive marriage rules, parental choice and individual desire.
In some areas of the world, arranged marriage, child marriage and sometimes forced marriage, may be practiced as a cultural tradition. Conversely, such practices may be outlawed and penalized in parts of the world out of concerns of the infringement of women's rights, or the infringement of children's rights, because of international law. Around the world in developed democracies, there has been a general trend towards ensuring equal rights within marriage for women and recognizing the marriages of interfaith and same-sex couples; these trends coincide with the broader human rights movement. Marriage can be recognized by a state, an organization, a religious authority, a tribal group, a local community, or peers, it is viewed as a contract. When a marriage is performed and carried out by a government institution in accordance with the marriage laws of the jurisdiction, without religious content, it is a civil marriage. Civil marriage recognizes and creates the rights and obligations intrinsic to matrimony before the state.
When a marriage is performed with religious content under the auspices of a religious institution it is a religious marriage. Religious marriage recognizes and creates the rights and obligations intrinsic to matrimony before that religion. Religious marriage is known variously as sacramental marriage in Catholicism, nikah in Islam, nissuin in Judaism, various other names in other faith traditions, each with their own constraints as to what constitutes, who can enter into, a valid religious marriage; some countries do not recognize locally performed religious marriage on its own, require a separate civil marriage for official purposes. Conversely, civil marriage does not exist in some countries governed by a religious legal system, such as Saudi Arabia, where marriages contracted abroad might not be recognized if they were contracted contrary to Saudi interpretations of Islamic religious law. In countries governed by a mixed secular-religious legal system, such as in Lebanon and Israel, locally performed civil marriage does not exist within the country, preventing interfaith and various other marriages contradicting religious laws from being entered into in the country, civil marriages performed abroad are recognized by the state if they conflict with religious laws.
The act of marriage creates normative or legal obligations between the individuals involved, any offspring they may produce or adopt. In terms of legal recognition, most sovereign states and other jurisdictions limit marriage to opposite-sex couples and a diminishing number of these permit polygyny, child marriages, forced marriages. In modern times, a growing number of countries developed democracies, have lifted bans on and have established legal recognition for the marriages of interfaith and same-sex couples; some cultures allow the dissolution of marriage through annulment. In some areas, child marriages and polygamy may occur in spite of national laws against the practice. Since the late twentieth century, major social changes in Western countries have led to changes in the demographics of marriage, with the age of first marriage increasing, fewer people marrying, more couples choosing to cohabit rather than marry. For example, the number of marriages in Europe decreased by 30% from 1975 to 2005.
In most cultures, married women had few rights of their own, being considered, along with the family's children, the property of the husband. In Europe, the United States, other places in the developed world, beginning in the late 19th century and lasting through the 21st century, marriage has undergone gradual legal changes, aimed at improving the rights of the wife; these changes included giving wives legal identities of their own, abolishing the right of husbands to physically discipline their wives, giving wives property rights, liberalizing divorce laws, providing wives with reproductive rights of their own, requiring a wife's consent when sexual relations occur. These changes have occurred in Western countries. In the 21st century, there continue to be controversies regarding the legal status of married women, legal acceptance of or leniency towards violence within marriage, traditional marriage customs such as dowry and bride price, for
Blackduck is a city in Beltrami County, United States. The population was 785 as of the 2010 census, it is located 24 mi northeast of Bemidji. The village of Blackduck was organized in October 1900, the town was incorporated in December 21, 1900; the first settlers of this community came from Minnesota. The town was founded because of the great logging potential of the area; the Continental Divide is located near the area, provided good drainage which resulted in good logging because the land was not wet. The community was named for Blackduck Lake. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.71 square miles, of which, 1.67 square miles is land and 0.04 square miles is water. As of the census of 2010, there were 785 people, 338 households, 185 families residing in the city; the population density was 470.1 inhabitants per square mile. There were 372 housing units at an average density of 222.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 89.4% White, 0.4% African American, 4.6% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.8% from other races, 4.2% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.0% of the population. There were 338 households of which 32.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.1% were married couples living together, 16.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, 45.3% were non-families. 41.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 22.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.97. The median age in the city was 37.1 years. 27.1% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 45.9% male and 54.1% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 696 people, 304 households, 175 families residing in the city; the population density was 465.8 people per square mile. There were 324 housing units at an average density of 216.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 92.10% White, 0.86% African American, 3.45% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.14% from other races, 3.30% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.72% of the population. There were 304 households out of which 26.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.1% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 42.4% were non-families. 37.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.81. In the city the population was spread out with 24.6% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 22.0% from 25 to 44, 15.8% from 45 to 64, 28.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 68.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 64.1 males. The median income for a household in the city was $21,848, the median income for a family was $29,750. Males had a median income of $28,594 versus $16,838 for females; the per capita income for the city was $12,536. About 11.6% of families and 16.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.5% of those under age 18 and 15.8% of those age 65 or over.
Camp Rabideau is located six miles south of Blackduck. The camp is one of the 2,650 camps President Franklin D. Roosevelt opened during his New Deal Program; the camp is a National Historic Landmark, is well preserved. The camp was opened to give jobs to young men between the ages of seventeen and twenty-one in hopes of helping the country get out of the depression. Blackduck Golf Course is located one mile west of Highway 71; this is a nine-hole course with cart rental provided. The golf course is located near the public access to Blackduck Lake. Pine Tree Park is just a short walk from the lake access; this is the closest camp ground to Blackduck. Blackduck Lake has numerous resorts. Blackduck has one public school divided into a high school; the school is located in the town of Blackduck at 156 First Street N. E; the following statistics are an average based on enrollment through the past five years. Number of Students: 329 Number of Teachers: 24 Student to Teacher Ratio: 14:1 Demographics: Asian/Pacific Islander: 0 American Indian/Alaska Native: 23 African American, non-Hispanic: 12 Hispanic: 6 White: 288 Number of Students: 373 Number of Teachers: 26 Student to Teacher Ratio: 15:1 Demographics: Asian/Pacific Islander: 3 American Indian/Alaska Native: 44 African American, non-Hispanic: 5 Hispanic: 5 White: 316 Blackduck School Website There are several establishments in Blackduck that serve food.
These places include Hillcrest Supper Club, Countryside Restaurant and the Blackduck Bowling Alley all are located off of Highway 71, Duck In And Eat located on Main Street, Blackduck Family Foods and The Pond on Frontage Road. The town of Blackduck has two hotels; the Drake Motel is located across the street from The Pond. FM 92.1 WMIS-FM 95.5 KKZY 97.5 KDKK 98.3 WBJI 99.1 KLLZ-FM 101.1 KBHP 102.5 KKWB 103.7 KKBJ-FM 104.5 KBUN-FMAM 820 WBKK 870 KPRM 1360 KKBJ 1450 KBUN Blackduck Community Website United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service: Camp Rabideau National Historic Landmark City-Data.com ePodunk: Profile for Blackduck, Minnesota
Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. It is applied to living organisms, most of the time to humans, it is a key geographical term. In simple terms population density refers to the number of people living in an area per kilometer square. Population density is population divided by total land water volume, as appropriate. Low densities may lead to further reduced fertility; this is called the Allee effect after the scientist. Examples of the causes in low population densities include: Increased problems with locating sexual mates Increased inbreeding For humans, population density is the number of people per unit of area quoted per square kilometer or square mile; this may be calculated for a county, country, another territory or the entire world. The world's population is around 7,500,000,000 and Earth's total area is 510,000,000 square kilometers. Therefore, the worldwide human population density is around 7,500,000,000 ÷ 510,000,000 = 14.7 per km2. If only the Earth's land area of 150,000,000 km2 is taken into account human population density is 50 per km2.
This includes all continental and island land area, including Antarctica. If Antarctica is excluded population density rises to over 55 people per km2. However, over half of the Earth's land mass consists of areas inhospitable to human habitation, such as deserts and high mountains, population tends to cluster around seaports and fresh-water sources. Thus, this number by itself does not give any helpful measurement of human population density. Several of the most densely populated territories in the world are city-states and dependencies; these territories have a small area and a high urbanization level, with an economically specialized city population drawing on rural resources outside the area, illustrating the difference between high population density and overpopulation The potential to maintain the agricultural aspects of deserts is limited as there is not enough precipitation to support a sustainable land. The population in these areas are low. Therefore, cities in the Middle East, such as Dubai, have been increasing in population and infrastructure growth at a fast pace.
Cities with high population densities are, by some, considered to be overpopulated, though this will depend on factors like quality of housing and infrastructure and access to resources. Most of the most densely populated cities are in Southeast Asia, though Cairo and Lagos in Africa fall into this category. City population and area are, however dependent on the definition of "urban area" used: densities are invariably higher for the central city area than when suburban settlements and the intervening rural areas are included, as in the areas of agglomeration or metropolitan area, the latter sometimes including neighboring cities. For instance, Milwaukee has a greater population density when just the inner city is measured, the surrounding suburbs excluded. In comparison, based on a world population of seven billion, the world's inhabitants, as a loose crowd taking up ten square feet per person, would occupy a space a little larger than Delaware's land area; the Gaza Strip has a population density of 5,046 pop/km.
Although arithmetic density is the most common way of measuring population density, several other methods have been developed to provide a more accurate measure of population density over a specific area. Arithmetic density: The total number of people / area of land Physiological density: The total population / area of arable land Agricultural density: The total rural population / area of arable land Residential density: The number of people living in an urban area / area of residential land Urban density: The number of people inhabiting an urban area / total area of urban land Ecological optimum: The density of population that can be supported by the natural resources Demography Human geography Idealized population Optimum population Population genetics Population health Population momentum Population pyramid Rural transport problem Small population size Distance sampling List of population concern organizations List of countries by population density List of cities by population density List of city districts by population density List of English districts by population density List of European cities proper by population density List of United States cities by population density List of islands by population density List of U.
S. states by population density List of Australian suburbs by population density Selected Current and Historic City, Ward & Neighborhood Density Duncan Smith / UCL Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis. "World Population Density". Exploratory map shows data from the Global Human Settlement Layer produced by the European Commission JRC and the CIESIN Columbia University
1940 United States Census
The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7.3 percent over the 1930 population of 123,202,624 people. The census date of record was April 1, 1940. A number of new questions were asked including where people were 5 years before, highest educational grade achieved, information about wages; this census introduced sampling techniques. Other innovations included a field test of the census in 1939; this was the first census in which every state had a population greater than 100,000. The 1940 census collected the following information: In addition, a sample of individuals were asked additional questions covering age at first marriage and other topics. Full documentation on the 1940 census, including census forms and a procedural history, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Following completion of the census, the original enumeration sheets were microfilmed; as required by Title 13 of the U.
S. Code, access to identifiable information from census records was restricted for 72 years. Non-personally identifiable information Microdata from the 1940 census is available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. On April 2, 2012—72 years after the census was taken—microfilmed images of the 1940 census enumeration sheets were released to the public by the National Archives and Records Administration; the records are indexed only by enumeration district upon initial release. Official 1940 census website 1940 Census Records from the U. S. National Archives and Records Administration 1940 Federal Population Census Videos, training videos for enumerators at the U. S. National Archives Selected Historical Decennial Census Population and Housing Counts from the U. S. Census Bureau Snow, Michael S. "Why the huge interest in the 1940 Census?"
CNN. Monday April 9, 2012. 1941 U. S Census Report Contains 1940 Census results 1940 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com
Funkley is a city in Beltrami County, United States. The population was five at the 2010 census, making the city the least populous incorporated place in Minnesota, it shared that distinction with Tenney until the latter dissolved in 2011. Funkley was incorporated in 1904 at the site of a junction along the Minnesota and International Railway; the name comes from a county attorney. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.60 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2010, there were 5 people, 5 households, 0 families residing in the city; the population density was 8.3 inhabitants per square mile. There were 12 housing units at an average density of 20.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 80.0% White and 20.0% from two or more races. There were 5 households. 100.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 1.00 and the average family size was 0.00. The median age in the city was 46.8 years. 0.0% of residents were under the age of 18.
The gender makeup of the city was 20.0% male and 80.0% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 15 people, 6 households, 4 families residing in the city; the population density was 38.9 people per square mile. There were 12 housing units at an average density of 31.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 100.00% White. There were 6 households, of which 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.7% were married couples living together, 16.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 16.7% were non-families. 16.7% of all households were made up of individuals and none had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.60. In the city, the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 13.3% from 45 to 64, 33.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 150.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 120.0 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $26,250, the median income for a family was $25,625. Males had a median income of $29,167 versus $17,083 for females; the per capita income for the city was $15,521. None of the population and none of the families were below the poverty line
Area code 218
Area code 218 is part of the North American Numbering Plan of the public switched telephone network for the northern part of the US state of Minnesota. It is one of Minnesota's original two codes, although its geographical area has been modified since inception. By area, the region is the largest area code in Minnesota, covering the northern half of the state, it includes the cities of Duluth, Brainerd, Fergus Falls, Moorhead. According to a 1947 map of the NANP, the 218 region was r-shaped and covered about two-thirds of Minnesota. Area code 612 covered the remaining southeastern portion. In 1954, the shape of 218 was modified to coincide with its current shape when the original southwestern portion of 218 was combined with the southern portion of 612 to form area code 507, which stretched across the southern fifth of Minnesota. A small change in the 1990s brought the Northwest Angle into the 218 area after being part of Bell Canada's Clearwater Bay exchange in Area code 807; because of the low population density in northern Minnesota, the region was unaffected when the 612 area was subdivided in 1996.
The resulting area code 320, the former western portion of 612, runs the length of the southern border with 218, the 612 area code has been reduced in size so much that it now just covers the city of Minneapolis and a few nearby suburbs. The western portion of 218—generally everything from Brainerd westward—shares a LATA with the eastern half of North Dakota, including Fargo and Grand Forks; this means. Under present projections, northern Minnesota will not need another area code until mid-2028 at the earliest. Despite the proliferation of cell phones and pagers in Duluth and Fargo-Moorhead, 218 is nowhere near exhaustion. List of NANP area codes NANPA Area Code Map of Minnesota List of exchanges from AreaCodeDownload.com, 218 Area Code Area code history. AreaCode-Info.com.. 1947 Area Code Assignment Map. GIF image at AreaCode-Info.com