Os Ancares is a comarca in the Galician Province of Lugo. The overall population of this local region is 13,888, it is formed by the municipality of Candín with two slopes and Navia, separated by the Ancares pass. Today, Os Ancares refers to a broader region that straddles the provinces of Lugo and León; the Spanish term Los Ancares Lucenses is sometimes used to refer to the Galician Ancares, thus distinguishing them from Los Ancares Leoneses. A range of mountains called. Os Ancares has mountain valley high altitudes and steep slopes located in the northwest of El Bierzo; the main river that gives name to the region is the Ancares river, a tributary of the river Cúa which, in turn, is of the Sil. This river began as Cuiña and has tributaries from the rivers Miravalles and de la Vega and streams from Penedón, Baliñas and the Cross. Traditionally, only the higher towns of high of Ancares are called Ancareses. Apart from San Martin de Moreda and until San Pedro de Olleros, where the river flows into the Cúa, is where they are considered bericanos.
The altitude varies between the valley from 800 to 900 meters, the highest peaks, which are about 2,000 meters. The climate is mountainous, with moderate temperatures. Os Ancares Lucenses y Montes de Cervantes, Navia y Becerrea has been declared a biosphere reserve; the Ancareses have a reputation for good traders. Many of them trade with neighboring regions; this was forced by the poor performance of agriculture due to poor land and poor quality of the products. Cabbage cultivation from which an Ancares broth is made is traditional in this region. Becerreá, As Nogais, Cervantes, Navia de Suarna and Pedrafita do Cebreiro
Province of Lugo
Lugo is a province of northwestern Spain, in the northeastern part of the autonomous community of Galicia. It is bordered by the provinces of Ourense, A Coruña, the principality of Asturias, the State of León, in the north by the Cantabrian Sea; the population is 331,327. The capital city was an ancient Celtic settlement named in honour of the god Lugh Latinised as Lucus Augusti, which became one of the three main important Galician-Roman centres alongside Braccara Augusta and Asturica Augusta; the province has 67 municipalities. The vast majority of people have a common language, Galician; some people the older generation, are monolingual and only speak Galician. There are only a few people bilingual in Galician and Castilian of the little over 10,000 inhabitants. In the capital, the vitality of the Galician language in conversation is strong; the inhabitants speak several variants of Galician in the province of Lugo. They have the characteristics of being the closest to León isoglosses and therefore the Castilian language.
So they have some grammatical and phonetic signs that are mistakenly considered influences of the Castilian or Leonese languages. However, the language of Galicia in Lugo in non-coastal areas, is the most genuine in Galicia, due to no historic pressure of Castilian exercised on the rural population; the estuaries of the Lugo province are part of the Atlas estuaries. From west to east they are: O Barqueiro estuary Viveiro estuary Foz estuary Ribadeo estuary Miño river Sil river Landro river Ouro river Masmo river List of municipalities in Lugo Galician wine
O Saviñao is a Concello in the province of Lugo, Galicia belonging to the district of Terra de Lemos. The main town for the council is Escairón; the municipality O Saviñao is located in the Ribeira Sacra, in the District of Terra de Lemos, located in the southern part of the province of Lugo, bordered by the municipalities of Pardela and Taboada to the north, Pantón to the south and east, Monforte de Lemos and Vault and west Taboada and Chantada. The average altitude is 600 meters above sea level, crossing the area are the rivers Río Sardiñeira, Rio Saviñao, Rio Pez, Rio Barrantes and Rio Porriño; the river Miño forms the western boundary of the councils area. The council consist of 29 parishes, its capital, Escairón, with one thousand inhabitants, the second town is Currelos, the economy of the town is agricultural has dairies, construction, etc. Plus the odd rural tourism business in the form of Casas Rurais. Escarión has a small industrial estate. Markets are held, in Currelos on 26 of the month.
The municipality of O Saviñao possesses a wealth of valuable heritage. In archaeology include the Anta-Abuime or field Mamoas of Abuime; this is a small burial chamber situated about four kilometres to the north of Escairón. There are numerous castros in this council, including Abuime de Castro, Castro de Torre in Freán, Castro de Illón in Licin, Castro da Portela in Diomondi, Mourelos de Castro, Castro Besta in Vilelos and Castro de Villacaiz; the Villacaiz and Abuime are the most visible. Examples of the varied architecture of churches and other religious buildings in the area include The Pazo in Vilelos, ‘L’ shaped, with a chapel plus shields of Ulloa; the founders of the Pazo were Doña Catalina Lopez of Sober. It is not open to the public The Pazo Arxeriz of, owned by Juan Lopez Súarez, its first founder was Gonzalo Raxo, Knight of the Order of Santiago in the mid-sixteenth century, it highlights its two escutcheons located on the north facade of Pazo. It is now a museum. Pazo das Cortes, near the Romanesque church of San Pelayo of Diomondi is U shaped and has an attached chapel dedicated to Our Lady of the Assumption.
There are shields of Somoza, from the eighteenth century. Not open to the public- Casa da Abbey of St. Stephen Ribas do Minho, is surrounded by a stone wall and is accessed by a portalón with semicircular arch, is rectangular and a small chapel outside. Not open to the public. In addition to the above listed pazos are the following, which are of minor note: Pazo of Lamaquebrada in Fión, Pazo de Casadonas in Licin, Pazo de Fraguas in Louredo, Casa Grande Mosiños, etc. None of which are open to the public. There are several churches of note. All are in the Romanesque style of architecture; the most important is Santo Estevo de Ribas de Miño. This monastery was constructed in the 12th century, it is said the same stonemason that designed the Portico da Gloria for the Cathedral in Santiago de Compostela designed this building too, but there is no basis for this tradition. The main door does resemble the Portico, but in a smaller version, with artistic connections to the portals of San Xoan de Portomarin and the cathedral of Ourense.
The unusual western crypt is said to resemble the one in Santiago. The living quarters and cloisters no longer remain; the Church has the largest Rosaton window in Spain. After the decay of some parts of the monastery the stones were used to build village houses; the church is still used today for wedding, funerals and mass. Nearby is the Romanesque church of the village of Diomondi, it is dedicated to San Pelayo, an inscription of 1170 on the interior of the tympanum of the west portal dates the setting of the lintel. The sculptural decoration at Diomondi is related to Lugo Cathedral, the same masons worked at San Pedro de Portomarin where a faded inscription on the west tympanum records the date of 1182 for the church's consecration; the only building of military architecture is the tower Candaira in Rebordaos, is the thirteenth century with a square of 9.81 by 9.94 metres, consists of three floors, the upper floor is the battlements. The original owner of the tower was Don Francisco de Quiroga Taboada Alvarez de Castro.
Not open to the public. D'Emilio, James, "Inscriptions and the Romanesque Church: Patrons and Craftsmen in Romanesque Galicia," in Spanish Medieval Art: Recent Studies, ed. Colum Hourihane, 1-34. Concello do Saviñao O Saviñao page at Diputación Provincial de Lugo More details about the areaTorre-fuerte de la Candaira http://www.candaira.es
Provinces of Spain
Spain and its autonomous communities are divided into fifty provinces. Spain's provincial system was recognized in its 1978 constitution but its origin dates back to 1833. Ceuta and the Plazas de soberanía are not part of any provinces; the layout of Spain's provinces follows the pattern of the territorial division of the country carried out in 1833. The only major change of provincial borders since that time has been the subdivision of the Canary Islands into two provinces rather than one; the provinces served as transmission belts for policies enacted in Madrid, as Spain was a centralised state for most of its modern history. The importance of the provinces has declined since the adoption of the system of autonomous communities in the period of the Spanish transition to democracy, they remain electoral districts for national elections and as geographical references: for instance in postal addresses and telephone codes. A small town would be identified as being in, Valladolid province rather than the autonomous community of Castile and León.
The provinces were the "building-blocks". No province is divided between more than one of these communities. Most of the provinces—with the exception of Álava, Biscay, Guipúzcoa, Balearic Islands, La Rioja, Navarra — are named after their principal town. Only two capitals of autonomous communities — Mérida in Extremadura and Santiago de Compostela in Galicia — are not the capitals of provinces. Seven of the autonomous communities comprise no more than one province each: Asturias, Balearic Islands, Cantabria, La Rioja, Madrid and Navarra; these are sometimes referred to as "uniprovincial" communities. The table below lists the provinces of Spain. For each, the capital city is given, together with an indication of the autonomous community to which it belongs and a link to a list of municipalities in the province; the names of the provinces and their capitals are ordered alphabetically according to the form in which they appear in the main Wikipedia articles describing them. Unless otherwise indicated, their Spanish language names are the same.
List of Spanish provinces by population List of Spanish provinces by area Spanish Federation of Municipalities and Provinces Autonomous communities of Spain Comarcas of Spain ISO 3166-2:ESGeneral: Political divisions of Spain Maps of the provinces of Spain Maps of Spain's Provinces List of municipalities of Spain listed by province from the Spanish INE
Monforte de Lemos
Monforte de Lemos is a city and municipality in northwestern Spain, in the province of Lugo, Galicia. It lies 62 km from Lugo; as of 2017 it had a population of 18,783. Monforte de Lemos is located in a valley between the rivers Sil; the river Cabe, a tributary of Sil, runs through the city. It is the core of the region known as Terra de Lemos and capital of the area known as Ribeira Sacra or Terras de Lemos; the coat of arms of Monforte de Lemos was approved after the mandatory report of the Heraldic Council of Galicia, the autonomous government, under Decree 166/2002 of April 25, 2002. The process sparked some initial controversy by contemplating the withdrawal of the Tau of Gules, a heraldic device associated, among others, to the Order of St. Anthony and St. Anton, it was traditionally used as an emblem of the town being emblazoned, in response to this feature together with its historical strength and its relationship with the House of Lemos, as follows: Of Silver, a mountain of gold, added to the tower of the same, accompanied in the center of the head of a Tau of Gules and six azure bezants, on the flanks.
At the ring, royal crown closed The area around the town has been inhabited since long before the Roman occupation, as testified by excavations of sites dating to the Bronze Age. The history of Monforte de Lemos goes back to the Paleolithic, its first known inhabitants were the Oestrimnios; this period was called the culture of the forts, typical of the Celtic tribes. The tribe that populated Monforte was known as the Lemavi tribe, the first written references to them date from the Roman historians Pliny the Elder and Strabo, between 600 and 900 BC; the Lemavi were centered on the hill of San Vicente. The word "Lemos," which gives name to the region, known as Terra de Lemos, would be a voice of Celtic origin meaning "moist, fertile soil" and seems to connect with the root Galician word of "lama" or in English "slime." It is believed that during pre-history, now a valley, was a large lagoon, evidence of this is found in the hard red clay by digging a few feet into the floor of the city. Its river, el Cabe, was known for its ferrous properties and much appreciated at the time of tempering swords of Celtic warriors, who came from all corners to take comfort with its excellent properties.
The settlement of the Lemavis was the Castro Dactonium, whose actual location has long been disputed, although early medieval sources point to its location on San Vicente do Pino, the main town, the origin of today's Monforte. "Dactonium, quod dicitur pinus", one of the documents states which supports this version. The theory has been reinforced by the discovery of remains of Castraña houses on the slopes of the mountains. From the Romans, whose track has been demonstrated in the city, comes the word "Monforte", from the Latin "Mons-Fortis". Subsequently, the Suevi and the Visigoths left their own footprints. In the Swabian era, the lands of Lemos belonged to the Condado Pallarense, it is believed. In the 12th century, the Count of Galicia granted the city to Fruela Díaz, of the House of Lemos, who had the town rebuilt over the ruins. Monforte thenceforth flourished as an agricultural market. During the Middle Ages, a Benedictine community established on the Monastery of San Vicente del Pino. Numerous monasteries were built around the city in that period, in the zone known as Ribeira Sacra, including the area between the shores of the Sil and Miño rivers, where they run through canyons.
Both the capital tower and the fortified city's walls were demolished during the Irmandiño revolt in the second half of 15th century. The rebels repressed by the Count of Lemos, the lord of the land, who made them work to rebuild the castle. In 1883 the town was reached by a railroad, which helped Monforte to take place as a trade and communication center, due to its position as Galicia's entrance by train. During the Spanish Civil War, the last republican Major, Juan Tizon Herreros, escaped to Portugal, after trying to reorganize the resistance, his predecessor, major Rosendo Vila Fernandez, was killed by the rebels. In the next decades the rail station was dismantled, the communication center was moved to the city of Ourense, the train factories were removed, causing a period of economic depression. Tourism business is one of the expanding activities in Monforte. Nosa Señora da Antiga's School, a monumental school and church in Herrerian style, is known as the "Galician Escorial"; the square in front of it was known as Campo da Compañía when the building was occupied by the Society of Jesus, which managed the school until their expulsion order from Spain, after which the Piarists took it over.
Inside the school's church is an altarpiece built by Francisco de Moure and finished by his son. Over the altarpiece is an empty piece of wood from which the Society of Jesus' symbol was erased, in order to clean every fingerprint they left on Spain; the school houses a collection of pictures by artists such as El Greco and Andrea del Sarto. The monumental stair, featuring an apparent lack of physical support, is made from one marble piece, supported on air by a game of strengths; the praying statue of Cardinal Rodrigo The Castro is placed over his grave, inside the church, in front of an image of Nosa Señora da Antiga. A railroad museum has been created in the old train factory for the purpose of maintaining and displaying old
Sober, is a municipality in the Spanish province of Lugo
Autonomous communities of Spain
In Spain, an autonomous community is a first-level political and administrative division, created in accordance with the Spanish constitution of 1978, with the aim of guaranteeing limited autonomy of the nationalities and regions that make up Spain. Spain is not a federation, but a decentralized unitary state. While sovereignty is vested in the nation as a whole, represented in the central institutions of government, the nation has, in variable degrees, devolved power to the communities, which, in turn, exercise their right to self-government within the limits set forth in the constitution and their autonomous statutes; each community has its own set of devolved powers. Some scholars have referred to the resulting system as a federal system in all but name, or a "federation without federalism". There are 17 autonomous communities and two autonomous cities that are collectively known as "autonomies"; the two autonomous cities have the right to become autonomous communities, but neither has yet exercised it.
This unique framework of territorial administration is known as the "State of Autonomies". The autonomous communities are governed according to the constitution and their own organic laws known as Statutes of Autonomy, which contain all the competences that they assume. Since devolution was intended to be asymmetrical in nature, the scope of competences vary for each community, but all have the same parliamentary structure. Spain is a diverse country made up of several different regions with varying economic and social structures, as well as different languages and historical and cultural traditions. While the entire Spanish territory was united under one crown in 1479 this was not a process of national homogenization or amalgamation; the constituent territories—be it crowns, principalities or dominions—retained much of their former institutional existence, including limited legislative, judicial or fiscal autonomy. These territories exhibited a variety of local customs, laws and currencies until the mid nineteenth century.
From the 18th century onwards, the Bourbon kings and the government tried to establish a more centralized regime. Leading figures of the Spanish Enlightenment advocated for the building of a Spanish nation beyond the internal territorial boundaries; this culminated in 1833, when Spain was divided into 49 provinces, which served as transmission belts for policies developed in Madrid. However, unlike in other European countries such as France, where regional languages were spoken in rural areas or less developed regions, two important regional languages of Spain were spoken in some of the most industrialized areas, moreover, enjoyed higher levels of prosperity, in addition to having their own cultures and historical consciousness; these were Catalonia. This gave rise to peripheral nationalisms along with Spanish nationalism; therefore and social changes that had produced a national cultural unification in France had the opposite effect in Spain. As such, Spanish history since the late 19th century has been shaped by a dialectical struggle between Spanish nationalism and peripheral nationalisms in Catalonia and the Basque Country, to a lesser degree in Galicia.
In a response to Catalan demands, limited autonomy was granted to Catalonia in 1914, only to be abolished in 1923. It was granted again in 1932 during the Second Spanish Republic, when the Generalitat, Catalonia's mediaeval institution of government, was restored; the constitution of 1931 envisaged a territorial division for all Spain in "autonomous regions", never attained—only Catalonia, the Basque Country and Galicia had approved "Statutes of Autonomy"—the process being thwarted by the Spanish Civil War that broke out in 1936, the victory of the rebel Nationalist forces under Francisco Franco. During General Franco's dictatorial regime, centralism was most forcefully enforced as a way of preserving the "unity of the Spanish nation". Peripheral nationalism, along with communism and atheism were regarded by his regime as the main threats, his attempts to fight separatism with heavy-handed but sporadic repression, his severe suppression of language and regional identities backfired: the demands for democracy became intertwined with demands for the recognition of a pluralistic vision of the Spanish nationhood.
When Franco died in 1975, Spain entered into a phase of transition towards democracy. The most difficult task of the newly democratically elected Cortes Generales in 1977 acting as a Constituent Assembly was to transition from a unitary centralized state into a decentralized state in a way that would satisfy the demands of the peripheral nationalists; the Prime Minister of Spain, Adolfo Suárez, met with Josep Tarradellas, president of the Generalitat of Catalonia in exile. An agreement was made so that the Generalitat would be restored and limited competencies would be transferred while the constitution was still being written. Shortly after, the government allowed the creation of "assemblies of members of parliament" integrated by deputies and senators of the different territories of Spain, so that they could constitute "pre-autonomic regimes" for their regions as well; the Fathers of the Constitution had to strike a balance between the opposing views of Spain—on the one hand, the centralist view inherited from Franco's regime, on the other hand federalism and a pluralistic view of Spain as a "nation of nations".