Terrorism in Bangladesh

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Bangladesh has experienced significant terrorism conducted by a number of radical local Islamist organizations.[1][2] Islamic extremist militant organizations have risen to prominence through assassinations, hostage takings and bomb attacks.[citation needed] Both ISIL and al-Qaeda in the Indian Subcontinent have claimed to be active in the country, although the Bangladeshi government believes that they mainly operate through local affiliates.

Terrorist groups[edit]

The first Bangladeshi Islamist militant factions emerged in 1989, when a network of 30 different factions was established and expanded in the following years. The main goal of most Islamist groups in Bangladesh is to create a separate Islamic state, or to govern Bangladesh according to Sharia law. Islamist groups have conducted terrorist attacks against both the government.[3]

Timeline[edit]

1999[edit]

2000[edit]

2001[edit]

2002[edit]

2003[edit]

  • On 17 January 2003, bomb blast at a shrine fair in Tangail.[9]
  • On 1 March 2003 a police sergeant was killed in a bomb attack in Khulna.[4]
  • On 11 March 2003 two police constables were killed in a bomb attack.[4]
  • On 6 September 2003 Bangladesh Awami League leader killed in bomb attack.[4]

2004[edit]

2005[edit]

2006[edit]

2007[edit]

2008[edit]

2009[edit]

2010[edit]

2011[edit]

2012[edit]

2013[edit]

2014[edit]

  • On 17 September 2014, a rapid action battalion dismantled an insurgent weapon and explosive storage facility, located in the Satchhari forest, Chunarughat Upazila, Habiganj. 112 rocket launchers and 14 sacks of explosive material were confiscated during the operation.[14]
  • On 18 September 2014, police arrested 7 JMB insurgents, including a top commander Abdullah Al Tasnim, in the Landing Station Port area. The militants intended to utilize 10 kilogrammes of liquid explosives, in a number of terrorist acts through the country, in order to establish cooperation with the ISIL.[15]
  • On 1 November 2014, a rapid action battalion operation led to the capture of Jama'atul Mujahideen Bangladesh's main coordinator Abdun Nur as well as four other militants, IED components were also seized.[16]

2015[edit]

2016[edit]

  • On 15 March 2016, ISIL claimed responsibility for murdering a Muslim Shiite preacher in Bangladesh.[17]
  • On 22 March 2016, unidentified attackers hacked a Christian convert to death in northern Bangladesh, amid growing attacks on religious minorities.[18] A day after, ISIL claimed responsibility for the attack.[19]
  • On 7 April 2016, a secular blogger was hacked to death by Islamists, claiming to be part of al-Qaeda.[20][21]
  • On 23 April 2016, a university professor was hacked to death on his way to work in northern Bangladesh. ISIL claimed responsibility for the attack.[22][23]
  • On 25 April 2016, al-Qaeda terrorists hacked a gay activist and his friend to death in his home.[24][25]
  • On 30 April 2016, a Hindu tailor was hacked to death in his store. ISIL claimed responsibility for the attack.[26] On the next day, Bangladesh authorities arrested three ISIL suspects for the murder.[27]
  • On 8 May 2016, a local Sufi cleric was hacked to death by suspected Islamists in Rajshahi.[28]
  • On 14 May 2016, police in Bangladesh said, a 75-year-old Buddhist monk was hacked to death in the southeastern Bandarban district.[29]
  • On 21 May 2016, a homeopathic doctor was hacked to death in Bangladesh. The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant claimed responsibility for the attack.[30]
  • On 25 May 2016, an elderly Hindu trader was stabbed to death, in another series of killings, claimed by ISIL.[31]
  • On 5 June 2016, a woman was shot, stabbed and killed by three men in front of her son. The woman was the wife of a prominent policeman, that is heading an investigation into the strings of killings, committed by Islamic extremists.[32]
  • On 5 June 2016, a 65-year-old Christian was murdered by Islamic State militants.[33]
  • On 7 June 2016, the body of Ananda Gopal Ganguly, a Hindu priest, was found in a field near his temple in western Jhenaidah district. His head had been nearly severed from his neck. Separately, police had killed three suspected Islamists, in a crackdown on extremists, blamed for the murders.[34]
  • On 10 June 2016, Nityaranjan Pande, a worker at a Hindu monastery in Bangladesh, was hacked to death by several people near the monastery. No immediate claim of responsibility was made, but Islamists are suspected.[35]
  • On 27 June 2016, a Hindu ayurvedic practitioner was hacked to death in Chittagong.[36]
  • On 1 July 2016, militants hacked a Buddhist farmer to death in Bandarban district. Mong Shwe Lung Marma, 55, was also vice president of the Bangladesh Awami League. Islamic State fighters claimed responsibility for the murder.[37]
  • On 1 July 2016, a Hindu temple worker was hacked to death by three suspected Islamic militants on a motorcycle in southwestern Jhenaidah district.[38]
  • On 1 July 2016, five attackers opened fire on the Holey Artisan Bakery in the Gulshan neighbourhood and also on the diplomatic area of Dhaka. Around 22 civilians and 2 police officers were killed. 5 attackers were killed by the commando units of Bangladesh Armed Forces.[39][40]
  • On 27 July 2016, a raid was carried out on a building suspected of being the base of Islamic militants, resulting in the deaths of nine of the suspected militants and the wounding of one of them.[41]
  • On 8 October 2016, a raid by the security forces on a suspected Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen Bangladesh base in Gazipur left 12 militants dead.[42]
  • On 14 December 2016, a college student has been found murdered five days after he was abducted from the Sadar upazila.[43]

2017[edit]

  • 14 March - A muslim Sufi spiritual leader and his daughter were shot and hacked to death by unknown militants in northern Bangladesh.[44]
  • 17 March- 2017 Dhaka RAB camp suicide bombing: A suicide bomber blew himself up inside an under construction camp of the anti-crime Rapid Action Battalion, mildly injuring two security personnel.[45]
  • 24 March - A suicide bomber blew himself up outside the police check-post, which was located on the road leading to the Hazrat Shahjalal International Airport causing no injuries to other people. ISIL claimed the attack.[46]
  • 25 March - 2017 South Surma Upazila bombings: A suicide bombing killed 4 (two civilians and two police officers) and wounded more than 40 in South Surma Upazila, Bangladesh. ISIL claimed responsibility. Four militants were also killed.[47]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fatalities-Islamist Terrorism 2005 - 2017 - South Asia Terrorism Portal". Retrieved 2 July 2016.
  2. ^ "Fatalities - Left-wing Extremism 2005 - 2017 - South Asia Terrorism Portal". Retrieved 2 July 2016.
  3. ^ "Terrorism in Bangladesh". Academia. 20 November 2010. Retrieved 19 February 2015.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Star Magazine". archive.thedailystar.net. Retrieved 2017-07-12.
  5. ^ "9 killed in bomb attack in Bangladesh". rediff.com. 14 April 2001. Retrieved 27 June 2013.
  6. ^ a b c "Star Magazine". archive.thedailystar.net. Retrieved 2016-11-27.
  7. ^ Chowdhury, Rashed (17 November 2001). "Nazirhat College principal shot dead". GulfNews. Retrieved 28 March 2017.
  8. ^ Karlekar, Hiranmay. Bangladesh: The Next Afghanistan?. SAGE. p. 163. ISBN 9780761934011.
  9. ^ "Tangail fair blast toll rises to 7". The Daily Star. 2003-01-16. Retrieved 2017-07-12.
  10. ^ Adiga, Aravind (30 August 2004). "Bangladesh: A democracy is shaken". TIME. Retrieved 20 March 2013.
  11. ^ "Two killers of RU professor Mohammad Yunus get death sentence reduced to life term following retrial". bdnews24.com. Retrieved 2017-07-12.
  12. ^ "Bombs explode across Bangladesh". BBC News. 17 August 2005. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
  13. ^ a b c d e "Trail of terror attacks". archive.thedailystar.net. The Daily Star. Retrieved 2017-07-12.
  14. ^ "Huge arms, explosives haul seized in Habiganj forest". Daily Star. 17 September 2014. Retrieved 8 March 2015.
  15. ^ "JMB trying to contact Islamic State". Daily Star. 19 September 2014. Retrieved 8 March 2015.
  16. ^ "Main coordinator of JMB captured". Daily Star. 1 November 2014. Retrieved 8 March 2015.
  17. ^ "ISIS claims murder of Muslim preacher in Bangladesh". Al Arabiya English. Retrieved 2018-03-18.
  18. ^ "Christian convert hacked to death in Bangladesh". Al Arabiya English. Retrieved 2018-03-18.
  19. ^ "ISIS claims murder of Christian convert in Bangladesh". Al Arabiya English. Retrieved 2018-03-18.
  20. ^ "Secular activist hacked to death in Bangladesh". Al Arabiya English. Retrieved 2018-03-18.
  21. ^ Sugam Pokharel, Ivan Watson, and Yuli Yang, CNN (7 April 2016). "Al Qaeda group says it killed Nazimuddin Samad - CNN.com". CNN. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  22. ^ "University professor hacked to death in Bangladesh". Al Arabiya English. Retrieved 2018-03-18.
  23. ^ "Islamic State claims it killed Bangladeshi academic". the Guardian. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  24. ^ Saad Hammadi. "Founder of Bangladesh's first and only LGBT magazine killed". the Guardian. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  25. ^ "Al Qaeda in the Indian Subcontinent claims killing of LGBT activist, friend in Bangladesh". The Long War Journal. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  26. ^ "ISIS claims killing of Hindu man in Bangladesh". Al Arabiya English. Retrieved 2018-03-18.
  27. ^ Sugam Pokharel, Ivan Watson and Alanne Orjoux, CNN (30 April 2016). "Bangladesh hacking death: Hindu tailor killed - CNN.com". CNN. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
  28. ^ "Bangladesh Sufi Muslim killed in suspected Islamist attack". Al Arabiya English. Retrieved 2018-03-18.
  29. ^ "Elderly Buddhist monk hacked to death in Bangladesh - BBC News". Retrieved 13 June 2016.
  30. ^ Ruma Paul (21 May 2016). "Bangladesh village doctor hacked to death in attack claimed by Islamic State". Reuters.
  31. ^ "Islamic State claims killing of Bangladeshi Hindu trader: SITE monitor group". 26 May 2016. Retrieved 13 June 2016.
  32. ^ "Top Bangladesh policeman's wife killed - BBC News". Retrieved 13 June 2016.
  33. ^ Dhaka, Agence France-Presse in (5 June 2016). "Christian murdered in latest Bangladesh attack". Retrieved 13 June 2016.
  34. ^ "Bangladesh Hindu priest murdered by militants - BBC News". Retrieved 13 June 2016.
  35. ^ "Hindu monastery worker hacked to death in Bangladesh - BBC News". Retrieved 13 June 2016.
  36. ^ "Another Hindu hacked to death again in Rauzan, Chittagong during Ramadan in Bangladesh - Hindu Existence". Retrieved 27 June 2016.
  37. ^ "Buddhist AL leader killed in Bandarban - The Daily Star". Retrieved 2 July 2016.
  38. ^ "Bangladesh killings: Hindu priest hacked to death - BBC News". Retrieved 1 July 2016.
  39. ^ "20 foreigners killed in 'Isil' attack on Dhaka restaurant - The Telegraph". Retrieved 2 July 2016.
  40. ^ "Police kill 6 militants, rescue 13 hostages in Dhaka attack - The Boston Globe". Retrieved 2 July 2016.
  41. ^ Share on FacebookShare on Twitter (2016-07-26). "Nine militants killed in police raid in Bangladesh - Times of India". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2017-07-04.
  42. ^ Ruma Paul (2016-07-03). "Bangladesh kills 12 Islamists blamed for cafe attack | Reuters". In.reuters.com. Retrieved 2017-07-04.
  43. ^ "Abducted college student found dead in Satkhira - Dhaka Tribune". 17 December 2016. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
  44. ^ "Sufi leader shot, hacked to death in Bangladesh". The Washington Post. 13 March 2017. Retrieved 14 March 2017.
  45. ^ "'Suicide bomber' dies in blast inside Dhaka RAB camp". bdnews24.com. Retrieved 2017-03-20.
  46. ^ "Bangladesh : attentat raté à l'aéroport international de Dacca". Air Journal (in French). Retrieved 2017-03-25.
  47. ^ "Sylhet blasts kill four amid Bangladesh militant raid". Retrieved 2017-03-25.