Yoakum County, Texas
Yoakum County is a county located in the far western portion of the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 7,879, its county seat is Plains. The county was created in 1876 and organized in 1907, it is named for a Texas historian. Until the passage of a liquor sales referendum held on May 11, 2013, Yoakum had been one of nineteen remaining prohibition or dry counties within the state of Texas. Voters in Denver City approved a separate referendum to permit liquor sales within that community. In 1965, Recorded Texas Historic Landmark Number 5927 was placed at the county courthouse, acknowledging the creation of the county in 1876; until after 1900, the county contained nomadic buffalo hunters and a few scattered ranchers. Yoakum County was organized in 1907, the population increased to 602 because of the sale of state land deeds. Early tribes included Suma-Jumano, Comanche and Kiowa; the Texas legislature established Yoakum County from Bexar County in 1876. The county was organized in 1907, Plains became the county seat.
In 1900, the area had only twenty-six residents. There was only one ranch in the county that year devoted to cattle, rather than crops. Sale of state land after 1900 brought an increase in population. By 1910, there were 107 farms or ranches in the area, the population had increased to 602. By 1920, there were 109 ranches or farms in the area, but the population had fallen to 504. More than 21,000 cattle were reported that year. During the 1920s the county experienced a minor expansion of crop farming, cotton became the most important crop. There were 239 farms, the population had increased to 1,263; the first oil well in the county gushed in 1935. Denver City benefited with a resulting boom economy. By January 1, 1991 1,664,036,000 barrels of oil had been taken from county lands since 1936. Irrigation in the county led to more acres being planted on sorghum, alfalfa and castor beans. In 1982, 93 percent of the land in Yoakum County was in farms and ranches, 44 percent of the farmland was under cultivation.
Some 110,000 acres were irrigated. About 95 percent of agricultural revenue was derived from crops cotton, wheat and corn. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 800 square miles all of, land. U. S. Highway 82 U. S. Highway 380 State Highway 83 State Highway 214 Cochran County Terry County Gaines County Lea County, New Mexico As of the census of 2000, there were 7,322 people, 2,469 households, 2,007 families residing in the county; the population density was 9 people per square mile. There were 2,974 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 70.62% White, 1.39% Black or African American, 0.71% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 25.48% from other races, 1.65% from two or more races. 45.93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 2,469 households out of which 43.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.80% were married couples living together, 8.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 18.70% were non-families.
17.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.95 and the average family size was 3.34. In the county, the population was spread out with 32.10% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 26.80% from 25 to 44, 21.30% from 45 to 64, 11.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 94.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $32,672, the median income for a family was $36,772. Males had a median income of $32,188 versus $19,913 for females; the per capita income for the county was $14,504. About 17.60% of families and 19.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.00% of those under age 18 and 13.00% of those age 65 or over. Denver City Plains Allred Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Yoakum County Dry counties Youkum County government’s website Yoakum County from the Handbook of Texas Online TxGenWeb Yoakum County Memories Yoakum County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties
Lubbock County, Texas
Lubbock County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 278,831, its county seat is Lubbock. The county was created in 1876 and organized in 1891, it is named for a Confederate colonel and Texas Ranger. Lubbock County, along with Crosby County, Lynn County, is part of the Lubbock Metropolitan Statistical Area; the Lubbock MSA and Levelland Micropolitan Statistical Area, encompassing only Hockley County, form the larger Lubbock–Levelland Combined Statistical Area. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 901 square miles, of which 896 square miles is land and 5.1 square miles is water. Interstate 27 U. S. Route 62/U. S. Route 82 U. S. Route 84 U. S. Route 87 State Highway 114 Loop 289 Hale County Crosby County Lynn County Hockley County Lamb County Terry County Garza County As of the census of 2000, there were 242,628 people, 92,516 households, 60,135 families residing in the county; the population density was 270 people per square mile.
There were 100,595 housing units at an average density of 112 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 74.30% White, 7.67% Black or African American, 0.59% Native American, 1.31% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 14.15% from other races, 1.96% from two or more races. 27.45% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 92,516 households out of which 31.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.20% were married couples living together, 12.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.00% were non-families. 26.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.10. In the county, the population was spread out with 25.70% under the age of 18, 16.30% from 18 to 24, 27.90% from 25 to 44, 19.20% from 45 to 64, 11.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 95.80 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.60 males. The median income for a household in the county was $32,198, the median income for a family was $41,067. Males had a median income of $29,961 versus $21,591 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,323. About 12.00% of families and 17.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.60% of those under age 18 and 10.70% of those age 65 or over. New Deal Ransom Canyon Slaton Buffalo Springs Estacado Caprock Escarpment List of museums in West Texas Llano Estacado National Register of Historic Places listings in Lubbock County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Lubbock County West Texas Yellow House Canyon Yellow House Draw Lubbock County government’s website Lubbock County from the Handbook of Texas Online Texas Tech University Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center Lubbock County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties Map of Fire Stations in Lubbock County
United States Census Bureau
The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U. S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy; the Census Bureau is part of the U. S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States; the Census Bureau's primary mission is conducting the U. S. Census every ten years, which allocates the seats of the U. S. House of Representatives to the states based on their population; the Bureau's various censuses and surveys help allocate over $400 billion in federal funds every year and it helps states, local communities, businesses make informed decisions. The information provided by the census informs decisions on where to build and maintain schools, transportation infrastructure, police and fire departments. In addition to the decennial census, the Census Bureau continually conducts dozens of other censuses and surveys, including the American Community Survey, the U. S. Economic Census, the Current Population Survey.
Furthermore and foreign trade indicators released by the federal government contain data produced by the Census Bureau. Article One of the United States Constitution directs the population be enumerated at least once every ten years and the resulting counts used to set the number of members from each state in the House of Representatives and, by extension, in the Electoral College; the Census Bureau now conducts a full population count every 10 years in years ending with a zero and uses the term "decennial" to describe the operation. Between censuses, the Census Bureau makes population projections. In addition, Census data directly affects how more than $400 billion per year in federal and state funding is allocated to communities for neighborhood improvements, public health, education and more; the Census Bureau is mandated with fulfilling these obligations: the collecting of statistics about the nation, its people, economy. The Census Bureau's legal authority is codified in Title 13 of the United States Code.
The Census Bureau conducts surveys on behalf of various federal government and local government agencies on topics such as employment, health, consumer expenditures, housing. Within the bureau, these are known as "demographic surveys" and are conducted perpetually between and during decennial population counts; the Census Bureau conducts economic surveys of manufacturing, retail and other establishments and of domestic governments. Between 1790 and 1840, the census was taken by marshals of the judicial districts; the Census Act of 1840 established a central office. Several acts followed that revised and authorized new censuses at the 10-year intervals. In 1902, the temporary Census Office was moved under the Department of Interior, in 1903 it was renamed the Census Bureau under the new Department of Commerce and Labor; the department was intended to consolidate overlapping statistical agencies, but Census Bureau officials were hindered by their subordinate role in the department. An act in 1920 changed the date and authorized manufacturing censuses every two years and agriculture censuses every 10 years.
In 1929, a bill was passed mandating the House of Representatives be reapportioned based on the results of the 1930 Census. In 1954, various acts were codified into Title 13 of the US Code. By law, the Census Bureau must count everyone and submit state population totals to the U. S. President by December 31 of any year ending in a zero. States within the Union receive the results in the spring of the following year; the United States Census Bureau defines four statistical regions, with nine divisions. The Census Bureau regions are "widely used...for data collection and analysis". The Census Bureau definition is pervasive. Regional divisions used by the United States Census Bureau: Region 1: Northeast Division 1: New England Division 2: Mid-Atlantic Region 2: Midwest Division 3: East North Central Division 4: West North Central Region 3: South Division 5: South Atlantic Division 6: East South Central Division 7: West South Central Region 4: West Division 8: Mountain Division 9: Pacific Many federal, state and tribal governments use census data to: Decide the location of new housing and public facilities, Examine the demographic characteristics of communities and the US, Plan transportation systems and roadways, Determine quotas and creation of police and fire precincts, Create localized areas for elections, utilities, etc.
Gathers population information every 10 years The United States Census Bureau is committed to confidentiality, guarantees non-disclosure of any addresses or personal information related to individuals or establishments. Title 13 of the U. S. Code establishes penalties for the disclosure of this information. All Census employees must sign an affidavit of non-disclosure prior to employment; the Bureau cannot share responses, addresses or personal information with anyone including United States or foreign government
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c
U.S. Route 62 in Texas
U. S. Route 62 is a US highway that runs from the Mexico–US border at El Paso, TX to the Canada-US border at Niagara Falls, NY. In Texas, the highway exists in two segments separated by a segment in New Mexico. US 62 is a major corridor in West Texas as it connects the cities of El Lubbock. US 62 begins at the Santa Fe Street Bridge at the Mexico–US border in El Paso concurrent with U. S. Route 85. US 62 runs along E. Paisano Drive through Downtown El Paso; the highway runs northeast and passes by the Chamizal National Memorial before interchanging with Interstate 110 and U. S. Route 54. US 62 continues to run along E. Paisano Drive and has a short overlap with State Highway 20, which both enters and leaves via a traffic circle; the highway meets Interstate 10, where it begins an overlap with U. S. Route 180. Just north of I-10, US 62/180 leave E. Paisano Drive and begin to run along Montana Avenue, passing just south of El Paso International Airport; the section of Montana Avenue from Global Reach Drive/N.
Yarbrough Drive to Rich Beem Boulevard runs along the reservation line to Fort Bliss. Development begins to decrease along the highway east of Loop 375 as US 62 runs through the communities of Homestead Meadows North/Homestead Meadows South and Montana Vista. After leaving El Paso County, the highway runs through sparsely populated areas and the town of Pine Springs near Guadalupe Mountains National Park; the highway winds through the Guadalupe Mountains before crossing into New Mexico. US 62/180 reenters Texas from New Mexico between Seminole. US 62 ends its overlap with US 180 in Seminole and begins an overlap with U. S. Route 385; the two highways run north-northeast through the towns of Seagraves and Wellman before entering Brownfield. In Brownfield, US 62 has a short overlap with U. S. Route 380 and State Highway 137 and begins an overlap with U. S. Route 82. US 385 leaves the concurrency in the northern part of the town. US 62/82 run through the towns of Meadow and Ropesville before entering metro Lubbock and the town of Wolfforth.
The highway enters Lubbock near the 82nd Street exit. US 62/82 becomes a divided highway between 82nd Street and Spur 327 before becoming a freeway again, known locally as the Marsha Sharp Freeway. US 62 runs along the Marsha Sharp Freeway through a developed area of southwest Lubbock before leaving US 82 at State Highway 114. US 62/SH 114 run through the heart of the city on 19th Street before becoming Idalou Road at Martin Luther King, Jr. Boulevard; the highway rejoins US 82 near the East Loop 289 interchange. The highways run northeast out of the city before turning in a predominately east direction in Idalou. US 62 leaves US 82/SH 114 in Ralls before beginning a concurrency with State Highway 207; the highway's concurrency with SH 207 ends in Floydada, with US 62 beginning an overlap with U. S. Route 70. US 62 has a lengthy overlap with US 70. In Paducah, US 62 begins an overlap with U. S. Route 83, with the two highways running through Childress. US 62 ends its overlap with US 83 just north of the Prairie Dog Town Fork Red River and exits the state into Oklahoma a few miles west of Hollis
A census is the procedure of systematically acquiring and recording information about the members of a given population. The term is used in connection with national population and housing censuses; the United Nations defines the essential features of population and housing censuses as "individual enumeration, universality within a defined territory and defined periodicity", recommends that population censuses be taken at least every 10 years. United Nations recommendations cover census topics to be collected, official definitions and other useful information to co-ordinate international practice; the word is of Latin origin: during the Roman Republic, the census was a list that kept track of all adult males fit for military service. The modern census is essential to international comparisons of any kind of statistics, censuses collect data on many attributes of a population, not just how many people there are. Censuses began as the only method of collecting national demographic data, are now part of a larger system of different surveys.
Although population estimates remain an important function of a census, including the geographic distribution of the population, statistics can be produced about combinations of attributes e.g. education by age and sex in different regions. Current administrative data systems allow for other approaches to enumeration with the same level of detail but raise concerns about privacy and the possibility of biasing estimates. A census can be contrasted with sampling in which information is obtained only from a subset of a population. Modern census data are used for research, business marketing, planning, as a baseline for designing sample surveys by providing a sampling frame such as an address register. Census counts are necessary to adjust samples to be representative of a population by weighting them as is common in opinion polling. Stratification requires knowledge of the relative sizes of different population strata which can be derived from census enumerations. In some countries, the census provides the official counts used to apportion the number of elected representatives to regions.
In many cases, a chosen random sample can provide more accurate information than attempts to get a population census. A census is construed as the opposite of a sample as its intent is to count everyone in a population rather than a fraction. However, population censuses rely on a sampling frame to count the population; this is the only way to be sure that everyone has been included as otherwise those not responding would not be followed up on and individuals could be missed. The fundamental premise of a census is that the population is not known and a new estimate is to be made by the analysis of primary data; the use of a sampling frame is counterintuitive as it suggests that the population size is known. However, a census is used to collect attribute data on the individuals in the nation; this process of sampling marks the difference between historical census, a house to house process or the product of an imperial decree, the modern statistical project. The sampling frame used by census is always an address register.
Thus it is not known how many people there are in each household. Depending on the mode of enumeration, a form is sent to the householder, an enumerator calls, or administrative records for the dwelling are accessed; as a preliminary to the dispatch of forms, census workers will check any address problems on the ground. While it may seem straightforward to use the postal service file for this purpose, this can be out of date and some dwellings may contain a number of independent households. A particular problem is what are termed'communal establishments' which category includes student residences, religious orders, homes for the elderly, people in prisons etc; as these are not enumerated by a single householder, they are treated differently and visited by special teams of census workers to ensure they are classified appropriately. Individuals are counted within households and information is collected about the household structure and the housing. For this reason international documents refer to censuses of housing.
The census response is made by a household, indicating details of individuals resident there. An important aspect of census enumerations is determining which individuals can be counted from which cannot be counted. Broadly, three definitions can be used: de facto residence; this is important to consider individuals who have temporary addresses. Every person should be identified uniquely as resident in one place but where they happen to be on Census Day, their de facto residence, may not be the best place to count them. Where an individual uses services may be more useful and this is at their usual, or de jure, residence. An individual may be represented at a permanent address a family home for students or long term migrants, it is necessary to have a precise definition of residence to decide whether visitors to a country should be included in the population count. This is becoming more important as students travel abroad for education for a period of several years. Other groups causing problems of enumeration are new born babies, people away on holiday, people moving home around census day, people without a fixed address.
People having second homes because of working in another part of the country or retaining a holiday cottage are dif
Lynn County, Texas
Lynn County is a county in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 5,915, its county seat is Tahoka. The county was created in 1876 and organized in 1903. Lynn County, along with Crosby and Lubbock Counties, is part of the Lubbock Metropolitan Statistical Area; the Lubbock MSA and Levelland Micropolitan Statistical Area, encompassing only Hockley County, form the larger Lubbock–Levelland Combined Statistical Area. Lynn County was one of 30 prohibition, or dry, counties in Texas, but is now a moist county; the county has two historical museums, the O'Donnell Heritage Museum, with a Dan Blocker room in O'Donnell, the Tahoka Pioneer Museum in Tahoka. Apache and Comanche peoples roamed the high plains until various military expeditions of the 19th century pushed them away; the Red River War of 1874 was a military campaign to drive out the Apaches and Kiowas in Texas. In 1877, the ill-fated Nolan Expedition crossed the county in search of livestock stolen by Comanche renegades.
The various Indian tribes had moved on by the time of white settlement due to the depletion of the buffalo herds by hunters. In the early 1880s, sheep and cattle ranchers began to set up operations in the county; the situation changed as large-scale ranching spread into the county. W C. Young of Fort Worth and Illinois Irishman Ben Galbraith established the beginnings of the Curry Comb Ranch in the northwest part of Garza County. By 1880, it spilled over into Lynn County; the Square Compass Ranch of Garza County protruded into Lynn County. The county remained sparsely settled ranching territory for two decades after 1880, it had no towns. Farmers began to move into the county and invest in corn and cotton. Lynn County was formed in 1876 from Bexar; the county was organized with Takoha becoming the county seat. New towns were founded during the early years of the 20th century. O'Donnell, named for railroad man Tom J. O'Donnell, was established in 1910 as a speculative venture based on the opening up of new farmlands in southern Lynn and northern Dawson Counties.
Wilson, 13 miles northeast of Tahoka, was established in 1912 to attract farmers to the newly opened lands of the Dixie Ranch. A large number of Central Texas Germans purchased county lands, thus beginning a small-scale migration of Germans into the county that lasted into the 1950s. Cotton farming prospered in the early part of the 20th century. Farmers expanded to wheat and sorghum, plus cattle, sheep and poultry, chiefly chickens and turkeys. Oil was discovered in the county in 1950. By 1983, the total production was 10,612,550 barrels. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 893 square miles, of which 892 square miles is land and 1.6 square miles is covered by water. Caprock Escarpment, eastern edge of Lynn County Double Mountain Fork Brazos River, begins as a small depression between Draw and Grassland, Texas. Double Lakes, northwest of Tahoka Guthrie Lake, southwest of Tahoka Tahoka Lake, northeast of Tahoka U. S. Highway 84 U. S. Highway 87 U. S. Highway 380 Lubbock County Garza County Borden County Dawson County Terry County Hockley County As of the census of 2000, 6,550 people, 2,354 households, 1,777 families resided in the county.
The population density was 7 people per square mile. The 2,671 housing units averaged 3 per square mile; the county's racial makeup was 75.53% White, 2.84% Black or African American, 1.02% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 18.24% from other races, 2.21% from two or more races. About 44% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the 2,354 households, 38.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.00% were married couples living together, 11.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.50% were not families. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.25. In the county, the population was distributed as 31.20% under the age of 18, 7.80% from 18 to 24, 26.00% from 25 to 44, 21.00% from 45 to 64, 14.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.80 males. The median income for a household in the county was $26,694, for a family was $33,146.
Males had a median income of $27,972 versus $19,531 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,090. About 19.30% of families and 22.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.00% of those under age 18 and 24.40% of those age 65 or over. The county is served by a weekly newspaper, nearby stations KBXJ and KPET, the various Lubbock radio and TV stations. KAMZ and KMMX are licensed to Tahoka, but have offices and studios in Lubbock and originate few if any programs from Lynn County. New Home O'Donnell Tahoka Wilson Grassland Wayside New Lynn Draw Dan Blocker, actor Jerry "Bo" Coleman, radio disc jockey Phil Hardberger, politician E L Short, former member of both houses of the Texas State Legislature National Register of Historic Places listings in Lynn County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Lynn County Media related to Lynn County, Texas at Wikimedia Commons Lynn County government’s website Lynn County from the Handbook of Texas Online Lynn County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties Roadside America, Dan Blocker Memorial