Knollwood Cemetery is a cemetery located at 1678 SOM Center Road in Mayfield Heights, Ohio. Established in 1908, it is one of the largest cemeteries in Cuyahoga County. A mausoleum was completed in 1926, an expansion finished in 1959; the cemetery's mausoleum, the largest in the state, boasts a number of windows by Co.. Knollwood Cemetery was incorporated on September 9, 1908, by C. F. Heinig, Francis P. Newcome, H. L. Ebbert. A five-member board of directors was established, Benjamin Ottman elected its first president. A few weeks after its incorporation, the cemetery purchased 200 acres of land from the Pennington-Quilling Co. for $40,000. The land had been the farm of Robert Lowe. In June 1909, the cemetery purchased another 10 acres of land for $100 from James Watters, 22.6 acres of land from J. W. Thorman for $100. Another 27.4 acres were acquired from other sources. Ground was broken on the new cemetery on June 26, 1909. Paul Heinze, an architect from Detroit, who had designed several cemeteries in the Midwestern United States, laid out Knollwood as a "park" cemetery.
Twenty work crews began preparing burial vaults, grading roads, landscaping 170 acres of the site in preparation for a July 15 dedication. Work included the creation of a man-made lake; the cemetery's roads were paved with macadam, while the county began work on grading and laying asphalt on Mayfield Road to upgrade it in time for the burial ground's opening. Other work at the site included the emplacement of stormwater sewers about 7 feet belowground, the construction of a front entrance consisting of wrought iron gates supported by several granite pillars. A. T. Russell sold 1,150 acres of land to Knollwood in September 1909; the first interments at Knollwood were about 300 bodies removed from the old Erie Street Cemetery in downtown Cleveland. Hiram Brott became the first contemporary person to be interred at Knollwood when he was buried there on April 27, 1910. Interments were few in number until 1912. Demand for burial space was strong enough that by 1916 25 acres of the cemetery had been cleared and plots laid out.
16 acres of this acreage was near the entrance of the cemetery, consisted of a park-like garden cemetery. The remaining 9 acres were more like a lawn cemetery. Another 45 acres of the property had been cleared of underbrush and sodded, while 45 acres remained forested; the cemetery association sold about 33 acres of land, spent $25,000 constructing a caretaker's residence and maintenance buildings. By the mid 1920s, Knollwood Cemetery was a large land-holding company. In 1925, Knollwood sought to become a nonprofit organization. Under Ohio law, this meant the cemetery had to divest itself of most of its investments, which meant selling off land; this included the sale of 100 acres of land to the new Acacia Park Cemetery, adjacent to Knollwood. By the end of 1927, Knollwood Cemetery held more than 2,300 remains. In 1923, Knollwood Cemetery announced it had hired noted funerary architect Sidney Lovell to design a large, above-ground mausoleum for the cemetery. Plans called for the structure to be a mixture of Gothic Revival and Egyptian Revival, for it to include two chapels and about 50 "private rooms" off the main corridor.
It was completed about 1926. To decorate the mausoleum, the cemetery commissioned a number of large stained glass windows from Tiffany & Co. most of which were vaguely secular in nature. Other Tiffany windows were commissioned by individuals. All of the windows were finished in the late 1920s and early 1930s, toward the end of Louis Comfort Tiffany's life, making it unclear how much work Tiffany himself put into their design; as of 2006, there were 17 windows in the mausoleum attributed to Tiffany. In 1928, Knollwood Cemetery officials determined. Hubbell & Benes, a Cleveland architectural firm, designed the addition, constructed by the Craig-Curtiss Co; the $175,000 addition was finished in December 1928. Seven more additions were made between 1930 and 1959. A 4,842-square-foot addition was added in 1997. In 1930, the Memorial Construction Company of Lansing, purchased Knollwood Cemetery. Knollwood Cemetery was sold to Gibraltar Mausoleum Corp. in 1994, in June 1995 Gibraltar was purchased by Service Corporation International.
Knollwood was sued over the mishandling of remains in 1983. In 1929, Katherine G. Mallison was buried in a family plot at Knollwood, her granddaughter, Dorothy Mallison Carney, died in 1982. While digging the Carney grave, cemetery workers discovered that it was occupied by a wooden burial vault containing Mallison's coffin. Cemetery workers used a backhoe to remove Mallison's burial vault and remains, which they dumped at a refuse site on the cemetery grounds. Carney's burial occurred a few hours later. In March 1983, a Cleveland television station broadcast news about the mishandling of remains at the cemetery. After an investigation revealed the remains were Mallinson's, Carney's children sued the cemetery and were awarded $56,000. Knollwood Cemetery appealed, but the Ohio Eighth District Courts of Appeals upheld the verdict in 1986. In 1988, Knollwood Cemetery workers buried Ruth Pistillo in the wrong grave; the family discovered the error only when no headstone was placed on the grave Pistillo had purchased.
After the error was discovered, Knollwood remained unsure as to, buried in the wrong grave. Pistillo had to
Omar Enrique Vizquel González, nicknamed "Little O", is a Venezuelan former professional baseball shortstop. During his 24-year Major League Baseball career, Vizquel played for the Seattle Mariners, Cleveland Indians, San Francisco Giants, Texas Rangers, Chicago White Sox, Toronto Blue Jays. In Venezuela he played for Leones del Caracas. From 2014 to 2017, he was the Detroit Tigers' first-base and baserunning coach. Considered one of baseball's all-time best fielding shortstops, Vizquel won eleven Gold Glove Awards, including nine consecutive from 1993–2001. Among shortstops, his.985 fielding percentage is tied for highest all-time, he is the all-time leader in games played, the all-time leader in double plays turned. Vizquel tied Cal Ripken, Jr.'s American League record for most consecutive games at shortstop without an error, since surpassed. Vizquel is the all-time hits leader among players from Venezuela, the shortstop with the third-most hits all time, behind Derek Jeter and Honus Wagner.
Vizquel is the sacrifice hit leader of the live-ball era. At the time of his retirement, Vizquel was the oldest player in the Major Leagues, the only active player with service time in the 1980s, he is one of only 29 players in baseball history to play in Major League games in four decades, the only one who played shortstop. On May 7, 2012, Vizquel became the oldest player to play at shortstop in the Major League history, surpassing Bobby Wallace, who played 12 games with the St. Louis Cardinals at the age of 44 in 1918. Vizquel started his career with the Leones del Caracas of the Venezuelan Winter League together with Tony Armas, Bo Díaz and Andrés Galarraga, he learned to switch hit from Bill Plummer who managed Vizquel with the Leones del Caracas, in 1986-87 and 1988-89, coached and managed the Mariners. Signed by the Mariners as a non-drafted free agent in 1984, Vizquel made his Major League debut on April 3, 1989. Batting ninth in the lineup, he went 0-for-3 while making five assists, a double play and an error in a 3-2 loss to the Oakland Athletics.
Three nights he collected his first career hit in the third inning against Storm Davis with a single scoring on a Darnell Coles double, although the Mariners lost 11-3 to the Athletics. At the end of the 1993 season, Vizquel was traded by the Mariners to the Indians for Félix Fermín, Reggie Jefferson, cash; the specialized sports press, such as Sports Illustrated, The Sporting News and Baseball Digest, sports observers, including writers Dom Forker, Cliff Eastham, Wayne Stewart, Michael Pellowski and others, have recognized Vizquel and second baseman Roberto Alomar as one of the top all-time defensive duos in the history of baseball. During Vizquel's career in Cleveland, the Indians made it to the World Series twice, losing to the Atlanta Braves in 1995 and to the Florida Marlins in 1997. Vizquel is a lifetime.250 hitter in 57 postseason games. Vizquel won nine consecutive Gold Gloves with the Mariners and Indians, starting with his first in 1993 with Seattle and continuing until 2001. Alex Rodriguez broke Vizquel's streak and won the award in 2002.
Vizquel won two additional Gold Gloves in 2006 with the San Francisco Giants. In 1999, Vizquel hit over.300 and scored 100 runs for the first time in his career, finishing the season with a.333 batting average and 112 runs scored for an Indians team that scored a league-leading 1,009 runs. Vizquel hit second in the line-up between lead-off man Kenny Lofton and third-place hitter Alomar in the most productive offensive line-up in Cleveland baseball history; this line-up included power hitters Jim Thome and Manny Ramirez. On August 5, 2001, Vizquel hit a three-run triple in the ninth inning against the Seattle Mariners to tie the game 14–14, capping a comeback from a 14–2 deficit; the Indians went on to win 15–14 in eleven innings, tying the record for the largest comeback win in history. Vizquel reached career highs in 2002 hitting 14 homers and 72 RBI, but his success was interrupted by the need for surgery on his right knee, he tied the 2002 All-Star Game 7–7 with an RBI triple in the eighth inning.
As a result of his knee injury in 2002 and a follow-up operation, he appeared in only 64 games in 2003. In a game on May 27, 2003, Vizquel had a straight steal of home against the Detroit Tigers, he made it home without a throw. Vizquel returned in 2004 to hit.291 in 148 games. At the end of the season, Vizquel was signed by the Giants as a free agent. On June 23, 2007 the Hispanic Heritage Baseball Museum Hall of Fame inducted Vizquel, along with former Giants outfielder Matty Alou, into its Hall of Fame during an on-field, pre-game ceremony. For the 13th and final time, Vizquel finished in the top ten in sacrifice hits, having 14 to finish 2nd along with John Maine behind Juan Pierre. Vizquel underwent arthroscopic knee surgery on February 27, 2008, he started the 2008 season on the disabled list and played in his first game on May 10. Vizquel stole home for the second time in his career against Oakland Athletics pitcher Greg Smith on June 13. Vizquel won the Hutch Award and the Willie Mac Award, was a finalist for the Heart & Hustle Award.
Only two other players, Dave Dravecky and Craig Biggio, have won more than one of these awards, although Willie McCovey himself won the Hutch Award before having the Willie Mac Award named for him. Vizquel was Greg Maddux's 3000th strikeout victim on July 26, 2005. On January 21, 2009, Vizquel signed a minor league contract with the Texas Rangers and made the team's major league roster, he served as a backup middle infielder. In 62 games with the Rangers, he had 47 hits
1904 in baseball
The following are the baseball events of the year 1904 throughout the world. American League: Boston Americans National League: New York GiantsWorld Series: New York declined challenge by Boston May 5 – Cy Young pitches a perfect game, as the Boston Americans defeat the Philadelphia Athletics, 3–0; this is considered the first perfect game in the modern era. May 27 - Giants catcher Dan McGann steals five bases in a game June 11 – Chicago Cubs pitcher Bob Wicker pitches nine innings without allowing a hit, he surrenders a hit in the 10th inning. The Cubs would go on the beat 1 -- 0, in 12 innings. June 20 - Duff Cooley of the Boston Beaneaters hits for the cycle in the second game of a doubleheader against the Philadelphia Phillies in a 9-0 Boston victory. June 23 – Kip Selbach of the Washington Senators ties a record by committing 3 errors from the outfield in one inning. July 16 - "Happy" Jack Chesbro steals home in the bottom of the 10th inning, winning his own game by a score of 9-8. August 17 – Boston Americans pitcher Jesse Tannehill tosses a no-hitter against the Chicago White Sox in a 6–0 Boston win.
October 4 – New York Giants outfielder Sam Mertes hits for the cycle in a 7-3 loss to the St. Louis Cardinals; the World Series was cancelled when John T. Brush, refused to play Boston. Highlanders P Jack Chesbro throws a pennant-losing wild pitch at home against Boston. January 1 – Ethan Allen January 3 – Bill Cissell January 7 – Clay Roe January 10 - Lou Dials January 13 – Bunny Hearn January 16 – Jo-Jo Morrissey January 18 – Len Koenecke January 19 – Jimmy Boyle January 20 – Denny Sothern January 22 – John Milligan January 24 – Neal Finn January 26 – George Blaeholder January 28 – Dutch Hoffman January 29 – Ray Hayworth February 7 – Andy Reese February 9 – Roy Mahaffey February 10 – Hal Anderson February 13 – Cecil Bolton February 13 – Charlie Fitzberger February 15 – Oscar Estrada February 27 – Chick Fullis February 27 – Bud Teachout February 29 – Pepper Martin March 5 – Lou Rosenberg March 16 – Buddy Myer March 21 – Frank Sigafoos March 21 – Red Rollings March 22 – Bob Elson March 30 – Ripper Collins March 31 – Sam Dailey March 31 – Red Rollings April 1 – Jack Cummings April 9 – Guy Cantrell April 9 – Fred Frankhouse April 11 – Dutch Ussat April 30 – Neal Baker April 30 – Tony Murray May 9 – Paul Hinson May 9 – Brad Springer May 16 – Abe White May 18 – Red Smith May 20 – Pete Appleton May 22 – Ed Morgan May 25 – Buz Phillips May 26 – Frank Ragland May 26 – Bill Shores June 4 – Lefty Atkinson June 7 – Dusty Boggess June 12 – Bill Foster June 13 – John O'Connell June 15 – Ed Pipgras June 15 – Pid Purdy June 15 – Hank Winston June 24 – Bobby Reeves July 2 – Pete Susko July 3 – Luke Hamlin July 4 – Ed Cotter July 4 – Mel Ingram July 5 – Bump Hadley July 9 – Art Daney July 14 – Max West July 15 – Ray Wolf July 18 – Marty Karow July 19 – Mark Koenig July 26 – Bill Dreesen August 5 – Vic Frazier August 6 – Herb Cobb August 14 – Les Cox August 17 – Augie Walsh September 4 – Bud Morse September 6 – Willie Underhill September 10 – Arlie Tarbert September 16 – Edgar Barnhart September 25 – Paul Hopkins September 26 – Jess Cortazzo September 30 – Johnny Allen October 2 – Tom Angley October 5 – Sam West October 7 – Chuck Klein October 9 – Gordon Slade October 13 – Howie Carter October 15 – Bill Lewis October 16 – Boom-Boom Beck October 24 – Harry Smythe October 25 – Andy Cohen October 26 – Monk Sherlock October 27 – Frank Bennett October 28 – Liz Funk October 28 – Joe O'Rourke October 31 – Allyn Stout November 1 – Johnny Burnett November 4 – Earl Mattingly November 5 – Ollie Sax November 15 – George Cox November 16 – Mike Smith November 19 – Elmer Tutwiler November 24 – Billy Rogell December 5 – Ray Fitzgerald December 12 – Ray Boggs December 13 – Bill Windle December 16 – Joe Berry December 20 – Spud Davis December 23 – Howie Williamson December 25 – Bill Akers December 25 – Lloyd Brown December 27 – John Shea December 29 – Bill Sweeney January 1 – George Radbourn, 47, pitcher who played for the 1883 Detroit Wolverines.
January 31 – Dan Mahoney, 39, catcher and first baseman for the 1892 Cincinnati Reds and 1894 Washington Senators. March 22 – Art McCoy, 39, second baseman who played in two games with the 1889 Washington Nationals. March 25 – Harry Arundel, 49, pitcher who played with the Brooklyn Atlantics, Pittsburgh Alleghenys and Providence Grays. March 28 – George Seward, 53, outfielder who played in part of three seasons for the St. Louis Brown Stockings and New York Mutuals. April 11 – Shorty Fuller, 36, shortstop for the Washington Nationals, St. Louis Brown Stockings and New York Giants from 1888 to 1896, who scored more than 100 runs in the 1890 and 1891 seasons. April 18 – Charlie Ziegler, 29, infielder for the 1889 Cleveland Spiders and 1900 Philadelphia Phillies. April 20 – John Galvin, 61, second baseman for the 1872 Brooklyn Atlantics. April 20 – Gus McGinnis, 33, pitcher and outfielder who played with the Chicago Colts and Philadelphia Phillies in 1he 1893 season. April 27 – Bobby Cargo, 33, shortstop for the 1892 Pittsburgh Pirates.
May 4 – Frank Quinlan, 35, catcher and outfielder who appeared in two games for the 1891 Boston Reds. May 25 – John Hayes, 49, outfielder who hit.143 in five games for the 1876 New York Mutuals. June 3 – Bill Pfann, 41, pitcher for the 1884 Cincinnati Reds. June 6 – Chippy McGarr, 41, third baseman who hit.269 in 827 games for several teams over the course of 10 seasons from 1884 to 1896. June 19 – Marshall Quinton, 52, catcher who played from 1884 to 1885 for the Richmond Virginians and Philadelphia Athletics teams of the American Association. July 24 – Ernie Mason, 34, pitcher and outfielder for the 1894 St. Louis Browns of the National League. August 22 – Charlie Dewald, 36, p
Run batted in
A run batted in, plural runs batted in, is a statistic in baseball and softball that credits a batter for making a play that allows a run to be scored. For example, if the batter bats a base hit another player on a higher base can head home to score a run, the batter gets credited with batting in that run. Before the 1920 Major League Baseball season, runs batted in were not an official baseball statistic; the RBI statistic was tabulated—unofficially—from 1907 through 1919 by baseball writer Ernie Lanigan, according to the Society for American Baseball Research. Common nicknames for an RBI include "ribby", "rib", "ribeye"; the plural of RBI is "RBIs", although some commentators use "RBI" as both singular and plural, as it can stand for "runs batted in". The 2018 edition of the Official Baseball Rules of Major League Baseball, Rule 9.04 Runs Batted In, reads A run batted in is a statistic credited to a batter whose action at bat causes one or more runs to score, as set forth in this Rule 9.04.
The official scorer shall credit the batter with a run batted in for every run that scores unaided by an error and as part of a play begun by the batter's safe hit, sacrifice bunt, sacrifice fly, infield out or fielder's choice, unless Rule 9.04 applies. The official scorer shall not credit a run batted in when the batter grounds into a force double play or a reverse-force double play; the official scorer's judgment must determine whether a run batted in shall be credited for a run that scores when a fielder holds the ball or throws to a wrong base. Ordinarily, if the runner keeps going, the official scorer should credit a run batted in; the perceived significance of the RBI is displayed by the fact that it is one of the three categories that compose the triple crown. In addition, career RBIs are cited in debates over who should be elected to the Hall of Fame. However, critics within the field of sabermetrics, argue that RBIs measure the quality of the lineup more than it does the player himself since an RBI can only be credited to a player if one or more batters preceding him in the batting order reached base.
This implies that better offensive teams—and therefore, the teams in which the most players get on base—tend to produce hitters with higher RBI totals than equivalent hitters on lesser-hitting teams. Totals are current through June 24, 2018. Active players are in bold. Hank Aaron – 2,297 Babe Ruth – 2,214 Cap Anson - 2,075 Alex Rodríguez – 2,055 Barry Bonds – 1,996 Lou Gehrig – 1,993 Albert Pujols – 1,981 Stan Musial – 1,951 Ty Cobb – 1,944 Jimmie Foxx – 1,922 Eddie Murray – 1,917 Willie Mays - 1,903 Hack Wilson – 191 Lou Gehrig – 185 Hank Greenberg – 183 Jimmie Foxx – 175 Lou Gehrig – 173 12 RBIsJim Bottomley Mark Whiten 11 RBIsWilbert Robinson Tony Lazzeri Phil Weintraub 10 RBIsBy 11 MLB players, most Mark Reynolds on July 7, 2018 Fernando Tatís – 8 Ed Cartwright – 7 Alex Rodriguez – 7 David Freese – 21 Scott Spiezio – 19 Sandy Alomar – 19 David Ortiz – 19 List of Major League Baseball runs batted in records
Charles Albert "Chief" Bender was a pitcher in Major League Baseball during the 1910s and 1920s. In 1911, Bender tied a record by pitching three complete games in a single World Series, he finished his career with a win-loss record of 212-127, for a.625 winning percentage and a career 2.46 earned run average. After his major league playing career, Bender filled multiple baseball roles, including service as a major league coach, minor league manager and player-manager, college manager and professional scout, he was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1953 and he died not long before his induction ceremony the following year. Bender was born in Minnesota as a member of the Ojibwe tribe, his father was German and his mother was part Chippewa. As a child, he received the Indian name "Mandowescence", meaning "Little Spirit Animal." His family had 160 acres on the White Earth Indian Reservation near Minnesota. His father taught him to farm on the reservation, he attended Dickinson College. Bender debuted in the major leagues in 1903.
He is one of only a few pitchers in the 20th century to throw 200 or more innings at the age of 19. His walks per nine innings rate was 2.17. That year he won a game against Cy Young and met his future wife Marie. In 1905, Bender earned an 18-11 win-loss record with a 2.83 ERA, helping the A's win the AL pennant, but they lost the World Series in five games to the New York Giants. Bender went 1-1, 1.06 ERA in the series, pitching a 4-hit, 3-0 complete game shutout in game 2, striking out 9, again went the distance in game 5, giving up just two earned runs in eight innings and losing 2-0 to Christy Mathewson. After solid seasons in 1906, 1907, 1908 and 1909, he led the Athletics to the AL pennant in 1910 as Philadelphia went 102-48, 14 1/2 games ahead of the second-place New York Yankees. Bender led the AL in winning % at.821, going 23-5 with a 1.58 ERA. He went 1-1 with 1.93 ERA in the World Series as the A's beat, in five games, the Chicago Cubs, who had gone 104-50 in the regular season. Bender pitched a complete-game three-hitter in the opener, striking out 8 and giving up only one unearned run.
He lost game 4 of the series in 4-3 in 10 innings. Bender pitched all 9 2/3 innings for the Athletics, striking out 6. In 1911 he led the AL in winning percentage again, going 17-5 with a 2.16 ERA as the A's won their second consecutive AL pennant, going 101-50 and finishing 13 1/2 games ahead of the Detroit Tigers. In a rematch of the 1905 World Series, the Athletics got their revenge, defeating the New York Giants and becoming the first American League to win back-to-back World Series. After losing the opener 2-1 to Christy Mathewson, though pitching a complete game, giving up just 5 hits and 2 runs and striking out 11, he returned in game 4, beating the Giants 4-2 on a complete game 7-hitter, closed out the Series in game 6 with a 13-2 A's victory. Bender again went a 4-hit performance which he gave up no earned runs, he went 2-1, with 3 complete games in the series. In 1912 Bender was 13-8 with a 2.74 ERA. He did not start for nearly 40 games late in the year and was suspended by the A's in September for alcohol abuse.
His next contract had a clause saying. In 1913 he went 21-10 with a 2.21 ERA. They would make it three World Series titles in four years by defeating the Giants in five games. Bender went 2-0 in the series with complete-game victories in games 1 and 4, he led the AL in winning percentage for the third time in 1914, going 17-3 with a 2.26 ERA, the A's would win their fourth AL pennant in five years. But the Philadelphia would be swept by the underdog Boston Braves, with Bender losing game one 7-1 and giving up 6 earned runs in 5 1/3 innings, it was the only World Series game he failed to finish after completing his previous nine starts in the fall classic. When the Baltimore Terrapins of the upstart Federal League offered Bender a significant increase in salary, Mack knew he could not hope to match it and released him. Bender went 4-16 for the Terrapins and regretted leaving Philadelphia. After two years with the Phillies, he left baseball in 1918 to work in the shipyards during World War I. Over his career, his win-loss record was 212-127, for a.625 winning percentage and a career 2.46 ERA.
His talent was more noticeable in the high-pressure environment of the World Series. In the 1911 Series, he pitched three complete games to tie Christy Mathewson's record of three complete games in a World Series, he threw a no-hitter on May 12, 1910 beating the Cleveland Indians 4-0. In 1919, Bender pitched in the minor leagues for the Richmond Colts of the Virginia League, he earned a 29-2 record that year. He spent the next three seasons as a player-manager. For the 1920 New Haven team, Bender recorded 25 wins as a pitcher, his record declined to 13-7 in 1921 and 8-13 in 1922. In 1923 and 1924, Bender did not manage but did pitch for the minor league Ba
Base on balls
A base on balls known as a walk, occurs in baseball when a batter receives four pitches that the umpire calls balls, is in turn awarded first base without the possibility of being called out. The base on balls is defined in Section 2.00 of baseball's Official Rules, further detail is given in 6.08. It is, considered a faux pas for a professional player to walk to first base; the term "base on balls" distinguishes a walk from the other manners in which a batter can be awarded first base without liability to be put out. Though a base on balls, catcher's interference, or a batter hit by a pitched ball all result in the batter being awarded a base, the term "walk" refers only to a base on balls, not the other methods of reaching base without the bat touching the ball. An important difference is that for a hit batter or catcher's interference, the ball is dead and no one may advance unless forced. A batter who draws a base on balls is said to have been "walked" by the pitcher; when the batter is walked, runners advance one base without liability to be put out only if forced to vacate their base to allow the batter to take first base.
If a batter draws a walk with the bases loaded, all preceding runners are forced to advance, including the runner on third base, forced to home plate to score a run. Receiving a base on balls does not count as a hit or an at bat for a batter but does count as a time on base and a plate appearance. Therefore, a base on balls does not affect a player's batting average, but it can increase his on-base percentage. A hit by pitch is not counted statistically as a walk, though the effect is the same, with the batter receiving a free pass to first base. One exception is. On a HBP, any runners attempting to steal on the play must return to their original base unless forced to the next base anyway; when a walk occurs, the ball is still live: any runner not forced to advance may attempt to advance at his own risk, which might occur on a steal play, passed ball, or wild pitch. Because a ball is live when a base on balls occurs, runners on base forced to advance one base may attempt to advance beyond one base, at their own risk.
The batter-runner himself may attempt to advance at his own risk. Rule 6.08 addresses this matter as well. An attempt to advance an additional base beyond the base awarded might occur when ball four is a passed ball or a wild pitch. In 1880, the National League changed the rules so that eight balls instead of nine were required for a walk. In 1884, the National League changed the rules. In 1886, the American Association changed the rules so that six balls instead of seven were required for a walk. In 1887, the National League and American Association agreed to abide by some uniform rule changes and decreased the number of balls required for a walk to five. In 1889, the National League and the American Association decreased the number of balls required for a walk to four. In 2017, Major League Baseball approved a rule change allowing for a batter to be walked intentionally by having the defending bench signal to the Umpire; the move was met with some controversy. A subset of the base on balls, an intentional base on balls or intentional walk is when the pitcher deliberately pitches the ball away from the batter in order to issue a base on balls.
As with any other walk, an intentional walk entitles the batter to first base without liability to be put out, entitles any runners to advance if forced. Intentional walks are a strategic defensive maneuver done to bypass one hitter for one the defensive team believes is less to initiate a run-scoring play. Teams commonly use intentional walks to set up a double play or force out situation for the next batter. Intentional walks do carry risks, however, they carry an obvious, inherent risk: they give the offensive team another runner on base, without any effort on their part, who could score a run. They may carry additional risks. An intentional walk is signaled by the catcher standing and extending one arm to the side away from the batter; the pitcher pitches the ball to that side several feet outside from home plate outside the reach of the batter. A ball pitched in this manner is called an intentional ball and counts as a ball in the pitcher's pitch count. In order to count as an intentional ball, the ball must be pitched, i.e. the pitcher's foot must be on the pitcher's rubber, the catcher must be in the catcher's box, the batter must be in the batter's box appearing ready to take a pitch at the time the ball is thrown.
An intentional walk may be signaled at any time during the batter's turn at the plate. Only walks issued by the catcher signaling as described above are recorded as intentional walks. Another risk taken by the defensive team in issuing a base on balls is that since intentional balls must be pitched in a legal manner, they can become wild pitches or passed balls. A baserunner can attempt
In baseball, a triple is the act of a batter safely reaching third base after hitting the ball, with neither the benefit of a fielder's misplay nor another runner being put out on a fielder's choice. A triple is sometimes called a "three-bagger" or "three-base hit". For statistical and scorekeeping purposes it is denoted by 3B. Triples have become somewhat rare in Major League Baseball, it requires a ball hit to a distant part of the field, or the ball taking an unusual bounce in the outfield. It usually requires that the batter hit the ball solidly, be a speedy runner, it often requires that the batter's team have a good strategic reason for wanting the batter on third base, as a double will put the batter in scoring position and there will be little strategic advantage to taking the risk of trying to stretch a double into a triple.. The trend for modern ballparks is to have smaller outfields. A walk-off triple occurs infrequently. For example, the 2016 MLB season saw only three walk-off triples, excluding one play, a triple plus an error.
List of Major League Baseball career triples leaders List of Major League Baseball triples records List of Major League Baseball single-season triples leaders List of career triples leaders, Baseball-Reference.com List of single-season triples leaders, Baseball-Reference.com