King Rat (Clavell novel)
King Rat is a 1962 novel by James Clavell and the authors literary debut. One of the characters, Peter Marlowe, is based upon Clavells younger self. Despite its fearsome reputation, Changi was among the better-run Japanese camps, King Rat was the first book published of Clavells sweeping series, the Asian Saga, and the fourth chronologically. Two characters from King Rat appear in Noble House, the novel opens in early 1945. Peter Marlowe, a young British RAF Flight Lieutenant, has been a P. O. W. since 1942, Marlowe comes to the attention of the King, when the King sees him conversing in Malay. Grey is attempting to maintain discipline among the prisoners and sees the King as the antithesis of his beliefs. As the son of a family, Grey follows the rules for their own sake using his position as Provost Marshal to gain a status otherwise unavailable to him in British society. Despite being a man and undistinguished in civilian life, the King has become a major power in the closed society of the P. O. W.
Camp through his charisma and intelligence, senior officers come to him for help in selling their valuables to buy food, and other officers are secretly on his payroll. Marlowe is initially put off by the Kings perspective and behavior and he turns down a lucrative business partnership with the King because Marlowes arent tradesmen. It just isnt done, old boy, Marlowe soon understands that the King is not the thief and con artist that Grey would have him believe. Rather, the King asks for the best of man and rewards him accordingly. Through the experiences of Marlowe, the King, and other characters, the P. O. Ws are given nothing by the Japanese other than filthy huts to live in and the bare minimum of food. Officers from various parts of Britains Asian empire, accustomed to having native servants provide them with freshly laundered uniforms daily, are reduced to wearing rags and homemade shoes. For most, the concern is obtaining enough food to stay alive from day to day and avoiding disease or injury.
Some are degraded and come close to losing their humanity, while others display levels of courage, some literally steal food out the mouths of their comrades, while others give away what they have or take terrible risks to help their friends. Rats are bred for food, and in the end are abandoned in their cages when the camp is liberated, the final scene shows the rats consuming each other one by one, with the final survivor becoming king of the rats. Unknown to Marlowe, Grey has become a secret Communist and a Soviet agent who tries to thwart efforts to improve relations between China and the West, an film adaptation was released in 1965, the first of several of Clavells novels to be so adapted
Tai-Pan is a 1966 novel written by James Clavell about European and American traders who move into Hong Kong in 1842 following the end of the First Opium War. It is the book in Clavells Asian Saga. The novel begins following the British victory of the first Opium War, although the novel features many characters, it is Dirk Struan and Tyler Brock, former shipmates and the owners of two massive trading companies who are the main focal points of the story. Their rocky and often abusive relationship as seamen initiated an intense amount of competitive tension, throughout the novel, both men seek to destroy each other in matters of business and personal affairs. Struan is referred to throughout the novel as Tai-Pan, indicating his position as head of Struan & Company, Clavell translates Tai-Pan as Supreme Leader. Although, Big Shot might be more accurate, in 1796, at the age of twelve, Dirk Struan began his nautical adventures as a powder monkey on a Kings ship at the battle of Trafalgar, and he remains bound to the sea for life.
By the end of year, he found service on the East India Company merchant ship Vagrant Star to China. Under the command of Tyler Brock, third mate and future nemesis, Dirk Struan vowed to someday destroy Brock. In 1798 a fateful night in the Malacca Strait, the Vagrant Star ran aground on a reef, at the age of fourteen, Struan swam ashore and found his way to Singapore. Later, Dirk Struan discovered that Tyler Brock survived as well, by 1804, Dirk Struan was a Captain-Owner of his own ship on the opium run. Tyler Brock was his chief rival, this year, Dirk Struan married Ronalda in Scotland, but immediately traveled to Macau. By 1810, Dirk Struan and Tyler Brock dominated the opium trade, in 1824, Culum Struan was born. He was the son of Dirk Struan and Ronalda, shortly after his birth and Culum were sent to Glasglow. Ronalda would never return to China, this year, Gordon Chen was born. He was the son of Dirk Struan and his mistress. In 1826, the British East India Company decided to make an example of Struan, the Company withdrew their licenses and the two men were financially wiped out.
Brock was left with his ship, Struan with nothing, Brock entered a secret agreement with another opium trader. Dirk Struan pilfered a lorcha from pirates in Macau and he became a clandestine opium smuggler for other China traders
Gai-Jin is a 1993 novel by James Clavell, chronologically the third book in his Asian Saga, although it was the last to be published. Taking place about 20 years after the events of Tai-Pan, it chronicles the adventures of Malcolm Struan, the story delves deeply into the political situation in Japan and the hostility Westerners faced there, and is loosely based on the Namamugi Incident and the subsequent Anglo-Satsuma War. The story opens with a rendition of the Namamugi Incident. Canterbury is killed, Malcolm seriously wounded, and Tyrer receives a minor arm injury and Malcolm make their way to Kanagawa that day, where Dr. Babcott operates on Malcolm. Two days Malcolm is moved to the merchant settlement in Yokohama and he is not expected to last long and while he is in bed sick, he shows his emotions for Angelique, a voluptuous but penniless French girl. The Japanese distrust the foreigners only slightly more than they distrust each other, the various nationalities that make up the foreign community likewise plot against and socialise with each other warily.
Both Japanese and foreigners are convinced of their own superiority, while Malcolm slowly recovers from his wounds and falls in love with Angelique, she is raped by one of the Japanese samurai assassins, Ori Ryoma, as she lies sedated to treat her shock. Horrified, she keeps this a secret but discovers she is pregnant, she obtains Chinese medicine that precipitates an abortion, with the help of a French spy who blackmails her with this knowledge. At the same time, she learns her father is a gambler in jail for debt. Marriage to the infatuated Malcolm seems increasingly attractive but she must keep her rape an absolute secret, obsessed with her, Ori rapes her again. This time, Angelique is not drugged, but she yields and tricks Ori into leaving afterwards instead of killing her and he is shot outside her window but no-one suspects he was leaving, it is rumored that he was trying to break in. He hates the foreigners as passionately as the shishi do, and this position puts him at odds with almost everyone around him.
Despite much Japanese prevarication, and the three-way interpreting necessary, a deal is struck, Malcolm Struan is heir to the Noble House of Struans, but he is not yet of age and therefore technically not yet taipan. Meanwhile, his mother, Tess Struan, runs the business and urges him to return to Hong Kong and her imperious attitude angers him and he resists, determined to marry Angelique and be taipan. The brothels of Yokohama are where Japanese and foreigners meet, the French spy is besotted with a Japanese prostitute, whose Madame is associated with the shishi and who exchanges favours for information. The French spy introduces Tyrer to the delights and protocols of Japanese brothels, Tyrer befriends a young Japanese and they begin to teach each other, unbeknownst to Tyrer, the Japanese is a fanatical shishi. He gradually adopts the position as Lord Yoshi, his implacable enemy. Malcolm marries Angelique irregularly on board ship, but dies on their wedding night when his wound hemorrhages and his mother is now officially taipan
King Rat (film)
King Rat is a 1965 World War II film directed by Bryan Forbes, and starring George Segal as Corporal King and James Fox as Marlowe, two World War II prisoners of war in a squalid camp near Singapore. Among the supporting cast were John Mills and Tom Courtenay, the film was adapted from James Clavells novel King Rat, which in turn is partly based on Clavells experiences as a POW at Changi Prison during the Second World War. Corporal King is an anomaly in the Japanese prison camp, King recruits upper class British RAF officer Flight Lieutenant Peter Marlowe to act as a translator. As they become acquainted, Marlowe comes to like the man, King has a different relationship with the lower class, seemingly-incorruptible British Provost, Lieutenant Grey. Grey has only contempt for the American and does his best to bring him down, Grey has to deal with an unrelated dilemma when he accidentally discovers that the high-ranking officer in charge of the meager food rations has been stealing. Grey rejects a bribe and zealously takes the matter to Colonel George Smedley-Taylor, to his dismay, Smedley-Taylor tells him the corrupt officer and his assistant have been relieved of their duties, and orders him to forget all about it.
Grey accuses Smedley-Taylor of being in on the scheme, but the weight he presented to the colonel as evidence has been replaced. Smedley-Taylor offers to him to captain, when a troubled Grey does not respond. The camp commandant summons the senior British officers, and notifies them that the Japanese have surrendered, after overcoming their shock and disbelief, the prisoners celebrate – all except King. He realises he is no longer the unquestioned ruler of the camp, a British paratrooper walks up to the prison gates and disarms the guards. The prisoners are stunned and refuse to speak to the paratrooper, except King, King manages to squelch a premature attempt by resentful underling Sergeant Max to reassert his rank and authority, but that only delays the inevitable. When Marlowe speaks to him before Kings departure from the camp, King Rat was nominated for Academy Awards for Cinematography and Art Direction
James Clavell, born Charles Edmund Dumaresq Clavell, was an Australian-born British novelist, screenwriter and World War II veteran and prisoner of war. Clavell is best known for his epic Asian Saga series of novels and their adaptations, along with such films as The Great Escape and To Sir. Clavell wrote an episode of a science fiction TV series Men Into Space in 1959. Born in Australia, Clavell was the son of Commander Richard Charles Clavell and he was educated at Portsmouth Grammar School. In 1940, aged 19, Clavell joined the Royal Artillery, wounded by machine gun fire, he was eventually captured and sent to a Japanese prisoner of war camp on Java. Later he was transferred to Changi Prison in Singapore, Clavell suffered greatly at the hands of his Japanese captors. According to the introduction to Clavells novel King Rat, over 90% of the prisoners who entered Changi never walked out, Clavell was reportedly saved, along with an entire battalion, by an American prisoner of war who became the model for The King in King Rat.
By 1946, Clavell had risen to the rank of captain and he enrolled at the University of Birmingham, where he met April Stride, an actress, whom he married in 1949. Peter Marlowe is a character in the Clavell novels King Rat and Noble House, featured most prominently in King Rat, Marlowe is an English FEPOW in Changi prison during World War II. In Noble House, set two decades later, he is a novelist researching a book about Hong Kong, marlowes ancestors are mentioned in other Clavell novels. The character Marlowe the novelist is a reference to Clavell, in Noble House he is mentioned as having written a novel about Changi which. When asked which character was based on him, Marlowe answers, Perhaps Im not there at all, although in a scene, he admits he was the hero. In 1953, Clavell and his wife immigrated to the United States, Clavell scripted the science-fiction horror film The Fly and wrote a war film, Five Gates to Hell. Clavell was nominated for a Writers Guild Award for the The Great Escape and he screenwrote and produced the box office hit, To Sir, With Love, starring Sidney Poitier and based on E. R.
Braithwaites semi-autobiographical 1959 book. Clavells daughter Michaela appeared briefly as Penelope Smallbone, Moneypennys would-be successor, the character, did not catch on and was dropped after the film. The Fly Watusi Five Gates to Hell Walk Like a Dragon The Great Escape 633 Squadron The Satan Bug King Rat To Sir, with Love The Sweet and the Bitter Wheres Jack. The Last Valley Shōgun—miniseries Tai-Pan Noble House—miniseries Clavells first novel, King Rat, was an account of his prison experiences at Changi. When the book was published it became an immediate best-seller, and his next novel, Tai-Pan, was a fictional account of Jardine Mathesons rise to prominence in Hong Kong, as told via the character who was to become Clavells heroic archetype, Dirk Struan
Noble House is a novel by James Clavell, published in 1981 and set in Hong Kong in 1963. It is a book, well over 1000 pages, with dozens of characters. In 1988, it was adapted as a miniseries for NBC. The miniseries updates the storyline of the novel to the 1980s, the Noble House is a nickname of Struans, the trading company featured prominently in most of Clavells novels. Noble House is set in 1963, the tai-pan, Ian Dunross, struggles to rescue Struans from the precarious financial position left by his predecessor. To do this, he seeks partnership with an American millionaire, while trying to ward off his arch-rival Quillan Gornt, Chinese communists, Taiwanese nationalists, and Soviet spies illegally vie for influence in Hong Kong while the British government seeks to prevent this. And nobody, it seems, can get anything done without enlisting the aid of Hong Kongs criminal underworld, other obstacles include water shortages, bank runs and stock market crashes. In Noble House, Dunross finds his company the target of a takeover at a time when Struans is desperately overextended.
He is embroiled in international espionage when he himself in possession of secret documents desperately desired by both the KGB and MI6. The novel follows Dunross attempts to extricate himself from all this and to save Struans and Company is based on Jardine Matheson Holdings, which continues to exist as an Asian trading company. The chief character, Ian Dunross, is believed to be a character of two real life Jardine Matheson tai-pans, Sir Hugh Barton and Sir Michael Herries. Rothwell-Gornt is based on Butterfield and Swire, now known as Swire Pacific, Quillan Gornt is based on two Swire tai-pans, John Kidston Jock Swire and William Charles Goddard Knowles. The story opens on Sunday, August 18,1963, in 1961 Jardine Matheson became a public company, with the initial offer oversubscribed over 56 times, which is attributed in the novel to tai-pan Ian Dunross. In 1963 the Hongkong Land subsidiary of Jardine opened what was the Mandarin Oriental Hotel, the Dairy Farm subsidiary of Jardine moved into the supermarket sector in 1964 with the acquisition of Wellcome.
A Jardine representative office was established in Australia in 1963, the big set-pieces — the fire on the boat and the landslide — are closely modeled on real events. The American-Chinese scientist who defected to China and helped develop the first atom bomb for China, the looming return of Hong Kong to China in 1997 is frequently mentioned, which was not a major concern in the 1960s. Ian Dunross - Tenth tai-pan of Struans, who rose to office in 1960. Prior to this, he was a lifelong Struans employee, a son and grandson of previous tai-pans, during World War II, Dunross served as a fighter pilot until being grounded after being shot down
John Blackthorne is the hero of James Clavells 1975 novel Shōgun, and is loosely based on the life of the 17th century English navigator William Adams, who was the first Englishman to visit Japan. The character appears in the 1980 TV miniseries Shōgun, played by Richard Chamberlain, Blackthorne is taken to Lord Toranaga, the daimyo in control of the territory in which Blackthorne and the Erasmus first landed. Toranaga orders Blackthornes imprisonment, not to punish Blackthorne, but to him out of Ishidos hands. While in prison Blackthorne meets a Franciscan priest who gives him a greater understanding of the political and economic situation in Japan, and how the Portuguese. The priest begins teaching Blackthorne the rudiments of the Japanese language, having been told by the priest that all who enter the prison are eventually executed, Blackthorne is prepared to die when his name is called. As a result of a series of events, Blackthorne eventually finds himself close to Toranaga. He is awarded the titles of hatamoto and samurai, as he begins to understand, but to complicate matters, he starts to fall in love with the interpreter and they eventually become lovers.
Though Blackthorne asks Toranaga to sever Marikos marriage so she will be free to marry him, Toranaga refuses, in spite of this, Blackthorne becomes a trusted friend of Toranaga. At the end of the book Toranaga defeats Ishidos forces and becomes shogun and it can be assumed that Blackthorne eventually dies in Japan without ever having returned to England. One of Blackthornes Nagasaki descendants, Shin Komoda, is mentioned as having been a samurai who died in a brawl shortly before the events in Gai-Jin take place and his wife Gekko had one son, who was sent to live with his grandparents shortly after Komodas death. It is revealed that Blackthorne is used by Toranaga to destroy Osaka Castle after the Battle of Sekigahara, in Clavells novel Noble House, a minor character named Riko Anjin makes a brief appearance. When main character Ian Dunross notes her blue eyes, she relates a legend that she is descended from a shipwrecked Englishman who became a samurai
Whirlwind is a novel by James Clavell, first published in 1986. It forms part of The Asian Saga and is chronologically the last book in the series, like many of Clavells novels, it is very long and is composed of many interweaving plot strands involving a large cast of characters, as well as a detailed portrayal of Iranian culture. Alan Bristow, chairman of Bristow Helicopter commissioned a journalist, Jackie Griffin, Bristow gave his friend, James Clavell the resulting script to form the basis of the novel. Much of the story mirrors these and other contemporary events, other companies operating in Iran faced similar dilemmas. For example, Ross Perots Electronic Data Systems similarly became very involved in the rescue of two executives from prison in Tehran, events dramatised in Ken Folletts novel On Wings of Eagles. The North Sea oil rigs, once built, are serviced by helicopter and these become main business ventures of Struans in Iran during the 1970s, as depicted in Whirlwind. Gavallan, based in Scotland, runs S-G Helicopter company operating in Iran during the Shahs reign, when Khomeini comes to power, Gavallan must get his pilots and their families, and his valuable helicopters, and the spare parts for the helicopters out of the riot-torn country.
Complicating matters is his struggle with his companys secret owner. The pilots escape efforts form the story and the action sweeps across many lives, spies, revolutionaries, friends. Aircraft used by S-G Helicopters throughout the story include Bell 212, Bell 206, Aérospatiale Alouette III helicopters and British Aerospace BAe 125 business jet. The settings for the story are the western and southwestern parts of Iran, as well as neighboring Persian Gulf states, Turkey to Lake Van, and the environs of Aberdeen, Scotland. Actual locations within Iran include Tehran, Qazvin, Mount Sabalan, the Zagros Mountains, Bandar Delam, fictional locations include the city of Kowiss, Yazdek village and the safe haven emirate of Al-Shargaz, meaning protector. Robert Armstrong - MI6 officer, appeared in earlier Noble House as an inspector in Hong Kong, he was promoted to Special Intelligence. Freddy Ayre - ex-Royal Air Force helicopter pilot based at Kowiss Marc Dubois - French helicopter pilot based at Bandar Delam Kuram Hotshot Esvandiary - IranOil station manager based at Kowiss, Colonel Hashemi Fazir - deputy chief of Inner Intelligence.
Andrew Gavallan - member of Struans inner court, brother-in-law of Ian Dunross, Gavallan is an aspirant to the office of tai-pan. He was married to Dunross late sister Kathren, in Noble House, Gavallan worked in Hong Kong with the other members of the inner court. Gavallan plotted with Dunross to force current tai-pan Linbar Struan into early retirement, Scot Gavallan - helicopter pilot based at Zagros Three, son of Andrew Gavallan. Yoshi Kasigi - Toda Shipping Industries executive and sometime ally to Struans corporation, Abdollah Khan - father of Azadeh Yokkonen, head of Gorgon clan, leader in Iranian Azerbaijan playing both sides
Tai-Pan is a 1986 film directed by Daryl Duke, loosely based on James Clavells 1966 eponymous novel. While many of the characters and plot twists are maintained. Filmed under communist Chinese censorship, some portions of Clavells story were considered too offensive to be filmed as written, the De Laurentiis Entertainment Group handled the production and were actively seen battling the Chinese Government and Labor boards over the film during shooting. The results fared poorly at the box office and in critical reviews, Duke believed that a mini-series à la Shōgun or Noble House would have been a far superior means of covering the complexity of Clavells novel. The film begins following the British victory of the First Opium War, although the film features many characters, it is arguably Dirk Struan and Tyler Brock, former shipmates and the owners of two massive trading companies who are the main focal points of the story. Their rocky and often abusive relationship as seamen initiated an intense amount of competitive tension, both men seek to destroy each other in matters of business and personal affairs.
Struan is referred to as Tai-Pan indicating his position as head of the largest and most profitable of all the companies operating in Asia. While the film follows a structure as the novel, one major. When a half coin is presented to Struan that matches his own half, the first favor is called in in the novel, by the pirate Wu Kwok. The film does not convey this, there had been numerous attempts to film Tai Pan over the years. Martin Ransohoff of Filmways bought the rights in 1966 in conjunction with MGM for $500,000 plus a percentage of the profits, Clavell would write the script and co-produce. Patrick McGoohan was announced to play Dirk Struan with Michael Anderson attached to direct, carlo Ponti came in as co-producer. However the movie would have cost an estimated $26 million and was postponed and it lingered on for a number of years before being finally cancelled when James T. Aubrey took over as president and cancelled the project, in 1975 it was announced Run Run Shaw had bought the rights from MGM and would collaborate with Universal Studios to make a $12 million film.
In the late 1970s Georges-Alain Vuille obtained the rights and George MacDonald Fraser was hired to adapt the novel. Frasers script met with approval - Vuille hired him to write a sequel - Richard Fleischer was attached to direct, however McQueen dropped out of the project. Roger Moore became briefly attached, with John Guillermin mentioned as director of a mini series. However finance could not be arranged, if its offered to me again Ill do it, said Moore
Walk Like a Dragon
Walk Like a Dragon is a 1960 American Western film directed by James Clavell and written by James Clavell and Daniel Mainwaring. The film stars Jack Lord, Nobu McCarthy, James Shigeta, Mel Tormé, Josephine Hutchinson, Rodolfo Acosta, the film was released on June 1,1960, by Paramount Pictures. Films introduction, California in the 1870s was rough and violent, men were plentiful, but women were scarce. So girls were secretly and illegally imported from China, and sold as slaves and they were used, but scorned and isolated. This is a story of those times, will Allen Lilyan Chauvin as Mme. Susan Allen Walk Like a Dragon at the Internet Movie Database
Noble House (miniseries)
Noble House is an American television miniseries that was produced and broadcast by NBC in 1988. Based on the novel Noble House by James Clavell, it features a large cast headlined by Pierce Brosnan as business tycoon Ian Dunross and was directed by Gary Nelson, due to time restrictions, several of the many subplots from the book were removed. This is NBCs second miniseries adaptation of a Clavell novel, the first being 1980s Shōgun, both take place in the same fictional universe with Noble House featuring connections to Shōgun and another Clavell work, Tai-Pan. For the miniseries, the timeframe of the novel was changed, Clavells original novel takes place in the early 1960s, the building prominently displayed and used as Struans is Jardine House. Despite its impressive history and its reputation, the trading company Struans is in trouble. Overextended by the management, new Tai-Pan Ian Dunross has had to issue public stock to improve the companys financial standing. Even this, has not given him the capital he needs, as a result, he is courting a private investor, American billionaire Linc Bartlett.
Bartlett decides secretly to back Dunross arch enemy, Quillian Gornt, when Dunross realises that Gornt is suddenly strong enough to ruin the Noble House, he must urgently forge new alliances or reshape ancient ones. He romances Bartletts second-in-command, Casey Tcholok, a subplot involves the missing half of an ancient coin. Whoever possesses it may ask any favor of the Tai-Pan, half the coin is acquired by crime lord Four Finger Wu, who aims to ask the Tai-Pan to help him smuggle opium. Wu and Bartlett are killed in a natural disaster, wus son redeems his fathers stolen half-coin for a highly paid position in Noble House. Dunross gains access to the Bank of China, whose funding allows him to foil Gornts scheme, Tcholok becomes head of Bartletts company, allying the organization with Struans. Many of the subplots from the novel were left out of the miniseries to simplify the plot, a significant story arc involving KGB espionage in Hong Kong was deleted as the mini-series aired near the close of the Cold War.
A further story line involving visiting UK Members of Parliament was removed, as was another involving a prisoner of war. In the miniseries, Tip Tok-Toh was changed from a mysterious, several subplots involving Ian Dunross family were removed. In the mini-series, Dunross is a widower and no members are mentioned. The bank runs depicted in the mini-series are significantly smaller in scope, finally, in the novel, Struans is bailed out by the fictional First Central Bank of New York. Although First Central and its vice-president, Dave Murtagh, a significant character in the novel, are mentioned in the mini-series, the Bank of China assumes this role in return for Dunross arranging the release of captured Chinese police mole, Brian Kwok