click links in text for more info


In Irish mythology, Tethra of the Fomorians ruled Mag Mell after dying in the Second Battle of Mag Tuiredh. After the battle, his sword, was taken by Ogma and it recounted everything it had done. Tethra was the god of darkness and king of the dead. Tethra may be derived from the Proto-Indo-European *tetro- meaning'quacking sound'. Tethra means Roynston's crow in Old Irish. "Tethra" is the name of an armor set for the Highlander in For Honor. "Tethra" is the name of an Italian Melancholic Doom Death Metal born in 2008 and still active. Ogives Big Band released a song called'Tethra' on their EP'HARM' in October 2019 with an accompanying music video

Arabia Mountain National Heritage Area

The Arabia Mountain National Heritage Area is a National Heritage Area in the U. S. state of Georgia that encompasses natural and historical elements to form a cohesive, nationally significant landscape. The area is due east of Atlanta and spans 40,000 acres reaching from the historic commercial center of Lithonia to the Monastery of the Holy Spirit in Conyers, including a number of sites in between, including Panola Mountain State Park, Davidson-Arabia Mountain Nature Preserve, the historic Flat Rock Community and more; the National Heritage Area was established in 2006, is coordinated by the Arabia Mountain National Heritage Area Alliance, which includes board members, representatives from the community and local organizations, staff. Although there is little historical evidence about what existed in the lands that make up the National Heritage Area, by the time of Anglo-American settlement in the early 19th century, the area was sparsely populated by Muscogee and Cherokee Tribes, it is believed that the area was a buffer between the two nations, used as a trade and transportation corridor.

The land was ceded to the State of Georgia by the Muscogee in 1821. The land was distributed to settlers via the Georgia Land Lotteries. Throughout the rest of the 19th and most of the 20th centuries, the area remained sparsely populated, with many of the roads remaining unpaved until the mid 1900s; the railroad connecting Atlanta and Augusta runs through the area. This railroad helped supported Lithonia's quarry industry, fed by the granite gneiss of numerous area quarries, including Arabia Mountain. Otherwise, much of the surrounding land was used for small-scale farming; the remains of the agricultural landscape are still visible in the National Heritage Area, including at the Lyon Farm, Vaughters Farm, Parker House. Small settlements developed along crossroads, the South River, the railroad, such as the Klondike National Historic District, Flat Rock Community, downtown Lithonia, Georgia; the existence of the Atlanta Augusta Railroad allowed the granite quarrying industry in the area to flourish in the late 1800's.

Remnants of this industry can be seen throughout the Heritage Area in the form of quarry office ruins, rock ledges, drill holes on the rock. Unlike Arabia, Panola Mountain was never quarried because of its geologic qualities such as softer texture and veining; the proximity of the Arabia Mountain National Heritage Area to Atlanta, the second fastest-growing metropolitan area in the country during the 2000s leaves it vulnerable to overdevelopment. This threat of encroaching sprawl was recognized after nearly a decade, as the area was determined to be a significant part of national history and earned congressional designation as a National Heritage Area in 2006; the defining feature that gives the Arabia Mountain National Heritage Area its significance at the national level is its granite outcroppings, called monadnocks. These monadnocks are interspersed with islands of plant life; the Metro-Atlanta area has multiple monadnocks, including Stone Mountain, Arabia Mountain and Panola Mountain. Arabia and Panola Mountains are located within the Heritage Area.

The monadnocks were formed when erosion resistant rock is exposed after softer rock is eroded over time. The individual characteristics of the monadnock are determined by the individual processes that formed the granite. For example, Arabia Mountain features a unique "swirl" pattern due to the heat and pressure that caused Arabia Mountain to have a taffy-like consistency when it was cooling over 400 million years ago. Bands of different minerals folded and twisted, creating the "tidal swirl" pattern seen today. By contrast, Panola Mountain has a flakier rock with less compressive strength due to differences in cooling rates. Panola Mountain has a darker colored rock and different mineral grains. Differences in mineral composition between Panola and Stone Mountains indicated different magma sources at the time of formation. Primary Succession: It took thousands of years for plants and trees to grow in the granite outcroppings; the first plants on the mountains were lichens, which draw nutrients from rainwater.

Acids from these lichens and mosses formed pits in the rock, called chemical erosion. This allowed shallow amounts of soil to accumulate, providing a place for more plant life to take root; this process is called Primary Succession as a succession of plants colonize the rock from lichen, to mosses, to diamorpha and larger plants gradually accumulating enough soil to support shrubs and trees. Physical Weathering: Not only does plant matter such as moss erode the rock and help to build soil levels in the pits, but the stone is weathered by non-chemical factors. Wind, freeze-thaw cycles, lightning strikes cause the rock to fragment and breakdown. Cracks can form, giving another foothold to plant life, the rock is broken into particles that add to the shallow soil; the Edge Effect: Due to the variety of eco-systems within the Heritage Area, the "edge effect" allows for greater biodiversity where two or more ecosystems intersect. For example, where the rock outcroppings border forests, the shallow soil retains more moisture due to runoff and can support the species of both the rock outcropping and the forest


"Adorations" is Killing Joke's first single from their sixth studio album, Brighter than a Thousand Suns, released in August 1986."Adorations" was released in several versions including remixes. The 12", released by E. G. Records in the UK, Virgin Records in Spain, Virgin Schallplatten GmbH in Germany, featured "Adorations" as the A-side, with the B-side of "Exile" and "Ecstasy". "Adorations" was released on 12" vinyl in the UK and featured "Love Like Blood" and "Exile" as B-sides. The 7" vinyl single, released in the UK, Spain, featured a shortened, non-remixed version of the original "Adorations" from the album, with "Exile" as its B-side. E. G. released a 7" limited-edition double vinyl single in the UK featuring the remix of "Adorations" as the A-side, "Exile" as the B-side, "Ecstasy" as the C-side, "Adorations" as the D-side. The cassette maxi release of "Adorations" featured "Adorations" and "Ecstasy" as side one and "Exile" and "Love Like Blood" as side two. All of the releases were mixed by Julian Mendelsohn and Zeus B.

Held, produced by Chris Kimsey and Stewart Levine. "Adorations" was the first single to display Killing Joke's "new sound". There was some appreciation: Kerrang! Described "Adorations" as "a brilliant, uplifting slice of swooning synth romanticism, with Jaz Coleman in full croon. A guilty KJ pleasure if there was one." However, reviews were mixed at best. As described by Jaz Coleman in a 1991 MTV interview, "We went through hell." This was because the members of Killing Joke did not agree on songwriting direction, as a result, Paul Raven and Paul Ferguson were fired in 1988 by Coleman. Side A"Adorations" – 04:09Side B"Exile" – 06:09 Side A"Adorations" – 04:38Side B"Exile" – 06:04Side C"Ecstasy" – 04:08Side D"Adorations" – 04:02 Side A"Adorations" – 05:08Side B"Exile" – 6:04 "Ecstasy" – 06:27 Side A"Adorations" – 05:08Side B"Exile" – 06:04 "Ecstasy" – 06:30 Side A"Adorations" – 06:34Side B"Love Like Blood" – 06:17 "Exile" – 06:02 Side One"Adorations" – 06:41 "Ecstasy" – 04:10Side Two"Exile" (06:09 "Love Like Blood" – 06:29 "Adorations" music video on YouTube Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics

8187 Akiramisawa

8187 Akiramisawa, provisional designation 1992 XL, is an Eoan asteroid from the outer region of the asteroid belt 12 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered by Japanese astronomer Satoru Otomo at Kiyosato Observatory on 15 December 1992; the asteroid was named after Japanese botanist Akira Misawa. Akiramisawa is a member the Eos family, the largest asteroid family of the outer main belt consisting of nearly 10,000 known members, it orbits the Sun in the outer asteroid belt at a distance of 2.6–3.4 AU once every 5 years and 2 months. Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.12 and an inclination of 12° with respect to the ecliptic. In October 1971, it was first identified as 1971 UF4 at the Chilean Cerro El Roble Station, extending the body's observation arc by 21 years prior to its official discovery observation at Kiyosato. A rotational lightcurve of Akiramisawa was obtained from photometric observations made at the Palomar Transient Factory in June 2010. Lightcurve analysis gave a rotation period of 5.8153±0.0015 hours with a brightness amplitude of 0.90 magnitude.

The Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link assumes a standard albedo for carbonaceous asteroids of 0.057, calculates a diameter of 11.9 kilometers with an absolute magnitude of 13.36. This minor planet was named in honour of Japanese botanist Akira Misawa, a professor at Chiba University, who examined the effects of light pollution on plants; the official naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center on 9 January 2001. Asteroid Lightcurve Database, query form Dictionary of Minor Planet Names, Google books Asteroids and comets rotation curves, CdR – Observatoire de Genève, Raoul Behrend Discovery Circumstances: Numbered Minor Planets - – Minor Planet Center 8187 Akiramisawa at AstDyS-2, Asteroids—Dynamic Site Ephemeris · Observation prediction · Orbital info · Proper elements · Observational info 8187 Akiramisawa at the JPL Small-Body Database Close approach · Discovery · Ephemeris · Orbit diagram · Orbital elements · Physical parameters


A*mazing was an Australian children's television game show that aired between 16 May 1994 until 1998 on the Seven Network. It was famous for a large and elaborate maze/obstacle course, part of the show's studio set. A*mazing was hosted by James Sherry for the entire run of the series. A*mazing was produced at Channel 7 in Brisbane from 1994–1996 and at Channel 7 in Perth from 1997–1998; the show pitted teams from two different primary schools against each other during the course of a week. Points gained by each contestant during the week would be totalled up to decide the winning school at the end of each week. In the first round of the game, a 90-second countdown timer begins, Sherry begins to provide clues to a word or phrase to the first school's contestants. Contestants have to guess the word or phrase before running down to a large QWERTY keyboard mounted on the floor and stepping on the letters to spell it out; the process is repeated for the second school. If contestants were unable to guess the word the clues would get easier until the word was spelled out by Sherry.

The time remaining determines how many points they get, plus how long each school gets to spend in the maze during round two. During the second round, one contestant from each school would enter the maze and attempt to collect the letters of the answer which are hidden in such places as a garbage can, or behind a mock cactus. Ten points are given for every letter; the maze would include letters that are not part of the answer. Round three is the same as the round one. Round four is the same as the second round except that the other contestant from the team enters the maze in order to find the letters to their word. In the fifth round, the contestants competed in a video game face off. During the course of the show, three different gaming platforms, all provided by sponsor Nintendo, were used; the Super Nintendo Entertainment System and the Nintendo 64. Games played included Tetris, Donkey Kong Country, Donkey Kong Country 2: Diddy's Kong Quest, Super Mario World, Nigel Mansell's World Championship, Pac-Attack, 1080° Snowboarding, Donkey Kong Country 3: Dixie Kong's Double Trouble!, Wave Race 64, Super Mario Kart, Mario Kart 64, San Francisco Rush, Multi-Racing Championship, Cruis'n USA, Diddy Kong Racing, Super Mario 64, Winter Gold, Super Mario Bros.

3, Super Tennis, Cruis'n World, the fly-swatting minigame from Mario Paint. The team with the most points/fastest time win fifty points for their team, while runners-up in this challenge win 25 points for their team. Should there be a tie, both teams score 25 points each. 100 points were awarded to the winners and 50 points to the runners-up. After the third round, the team with the highest score would go back to the maze for 90 seconds to collect keys. One player will choose. Only when that player exits that maze can the other player enter the other half of the maze. There were seven keys, in the maze. If either of the contestants found the bonus key both of the contestants would each get an original Game Boy, which became a Game Boy Pocket. Only once were all seven keys found in the maze. If there was a tie after the third round, a sudden-death question was read out to both teams in the style of the first round, whoever answered the question would technically win the game for the day and go into the maze to search for the keys.

By the end of the week, the school with the highest number of points would win a grand prize, educational computer software or an encyclopedia set. Other prizes included tickets to the Wild theme park in Gold Coast, Australia; the only parts of the maze that remained for every series were: the mirrored doors, the pipe, the pirate's cove, the desert, the bamboo walk, the yellow slide and the padded stairs. In the first series, players entering the left-hand side of the maze would run past the ball pit, into the mirrored doors, through the toy shop, through the pipe into the pirates' cove, into the desert, up the ladder, across the bamboo walk, down the yellow slide into another ball pit. In the first series, players entering the right-hand side of the maze would run up the steps, past the pots, through the curved red pipe, down the stairs, into the snowstorm, up the padded stairs, past the penguins, down the ice slide and into the foam pit. In the second series, players entering the left-hand side of the maze would go through an aquarium, into the mirrored doors, through the toy shop, through the pipe into the pirates' cove, into the desert, up the ladder, across the jungle walk, down the yellow slide into the ball pit.

In the second series, players entering the right-hand side of the maze would run up the steps, past the pots, through the curved red pipe, into a thunderbox, down by the firefighter's pole, get through the car, up the padded stairs, past the penguins, down the ice slide, into the pit and pass the three wheelie bins. In the third series, players entering the left-hand side of the maze would pass through the Swiss cheese, into the mirrored doors, through the laboratory, through the r


Acherontiscus is an extinct genus of stegocephalians that lived in the Early Carboniferous of Scotland. The type and only species is Acherontiscus caledoniae, named by paleontologist Robert Carroll in 1969. Members of this genus have an unusual combination of features which makes their placement within amphibian-grade tetrapods uncertain, they possess multi-bone vertebrae similar to those of embolomeres, but a skull similar to lepospondyls. The only known specimen of Acherontiscus possessed an elongated body similar to that of a snake or eel. No limbs were preserved, evidence for their presence in close relatives of Acherontiscus is dubious at best. Phylogenetic analyses created by Marcello Ruta and other paleontologists in the 2000s indicate that Acherontiscus is part of Adelospondyli related to other snake-like animals such as Adelogyrinus and Dolichopareias. Adelospondyls are traditionally placed within the group Lepospondyli due to their fused vertebrae; some analyses published since 2007 have argued that adelospondyls such as Acherontiscus may not be lepospondyls, instead being close relatives or members of the family Colosteidae.

This would indicate that they evolved prior to the split between the tetrapod lineage that leads to reptiles and the one that leads to modern amphibians. Members of this genus were aquatic animals that were able to swim using snake-like movements. Acherontiscus is known only from a single skeleton, RSM 1967/13/1, housed at the Royal Scottish Museum in Edinburgh. Although it is known that this specimen was discovered in 1964, additional information on the location of its discovery is not known. However, the rock slab in which it was preserved is a type known as coal shale, similar to that of early Carboniferous -era ironstone from Burghlee in Midlothian; the slab includes remains of tiny crustaceans known as ostracods, as well as pollen spores. The ostracods were identified as the late Paleozoic genus Carbonita, although different scientists studying the slabs disagree on the precise species of Carbonita; the pollen spores correspond to species of plants which lived between the late Viséan and middle Namurian ages of the Carboniferous.

This holotype skeleton was complete, but poorly preserved. The skull was flattened and some of the surface was eroded, while the vertebrae were missing, with only detailed impressions remaining. By dissolving away remaining fragments with hydrochloric acid casting these impressions in silicone rubber, the preparators of the specimen were able to more describe it; the specimen received a formal description and name as the species Acherontiscus caledoniae courtesy of Robert Carroll in 1969. The generic name Acherontiscus is a reference to Acheron, a river which in Greek mythology flowed into the underworld as a tributary of the river Styx; this naming convention is an homage to Edward Drinker Cope's affection for naming snake-like lepospondyls after infernal rivers, such as Phlegethontia and Cocytinus. The specific name, references Caledonia, the Latin name for Scotland. Acherontiscus was serpentine in general body shape, with an elongated body and small head in comparison, it may have been legless due to a lack of preserved limb bones.

Although this hypothesis seems probable, Acherontiscus had limbed ancestors considering that it possessed a well-developed dermal shoulder girdle. It was small in size. However, it may have been longer considering that part of the tail is believed to be missing; the skull is robust, with small orbits set towards the front of the head. Although erosion and overlap makes it difficult to distinguish individual bones of the skull, certain ones can be identified; the tip of the snout contained tiny external nares preceded by premaxillary bones and followed by unusually small lacrimal and nasal bones. In order to accommodate for the small size of the nasals, the frontals and adjacent prefrontal bones are elongated, occupying the length of the entire upper side of the snout; the part of the skull behind the eyes is composed of several bones which were difficult to interpret due to crushing and differing hypotheses about their arrangement and naming. The least controversial were the jugal and postorbital bones, which were found by most paleontologists who studied the specimen.

Some authors, such as Carroll, Carroll & Kuhn, Ruta et al. identified a postfrontal bone in front of the postorbital, but CT data from Clack et al. argued that this bone was the postorbital, followed by a supratemporal bone. Above those bones were a pair of parietals which overlooked much longer bones that reached the rear face of the skull; these bones included the squamosal and quadratojugal bones, one or more additional bones. The rear edge of the skull was smoothly convex, with no unusual embayments such as the otic notch of temnospondyls and other "labyrinthodonts"; the bones at the rear part of the head are covered with shallow pits, while bones located further forward are smoother. Certain bones near the orbits possessed sensory grooves known as lateral lines; the skull of Acherontiscus was similar to that of microsaurs such as Microbrachis and Cardiocephalus. Some have argued that this similarity is enhanced further due to how only a single bone formed the temporal region of the skull.

Most other early tetrapods have two to three