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Tetley's Brewery

Tetley's Brewery was an English regional brewery founded in 1822 by Joshua Tetley in Hunslet, now a suburb of Leeds, West Yorkshire. The beer was produced at the Leeds Brewery, renamed the Leeds Tetley Brewery to avoid confusion with a microbrewery of the same name. A takeover of the nearby Melbourne Brewery in 1960 secured Tetley's position as the largest brewer in Leeds; that same year they merged with Walkers of Warrington to form Tetley Walker. Tetley Walker had an estate of over 1,000 tied houses in Yorkshire alone and a further 2,000 outside the county. In 1961 Tetley merged with Ind Coope of Burton upon Trent and Ansells of Birmingham to form Allied Breweries the world's largest brewing conglomerate. At its height in the 1960s, the Leeds Brewery employed a thousand people. In 1978 Allied merged with J. Lyons to form Allied Lyons; the brewery became the world's largest producer of cask ale during the 1980s. In 1998 Tetley was taken over by Carlsberg Group; the Leeds Brewery was closed in 2011, demolished in 2012, with production contracted out by Carlsberg to breweries in Wolverhampton and Hartlepool.

Tetley still sponsors professional rugby team Leeds Rhinos. In 2012, Tetley's was the eleventh highest selling beer brand in the United Kingdom, it is the second highest selling ale brand in the world after John Smith's, with volumes of 700,000 hectolitres. Its main products are Tetley's Smoothflow; the Tetley family's links with the beer industry go back to the 1740s when William Tetley was described as a maltster in Armley, near Leeds. His son William expanded the business. Joshua Tetley leased the largest brewery in Leeds, located at Salem Place, Hunslet for £409 in 1822. Joshua Tetley and Son was created in 1839 when Joshua made Francis William, a partner. By this time the brewery was turning a profit of £3000 a year; the brewery employed 32 men by 1848, was brewing porter and mild ale. Construction of a new brewery designed by George Corson began in 1852. Joshua died in 1859, leaving the business to Francis, who took on his brother in law, Charles Ryder, as a partner. By 1860 Tetley was the largest brewery in the North of England and by 1864 the company had begun an ambitious building scheme.

Although Tetley brewed mild throughout the nineteenth century, pale ale, gaining in popularity, made up an increasing percentage of production. By 1875, annual beer production was 171,500 barrels. Tetley bought its first two public houses in 1890. Only one remains The Fleece in Farsley, Leeds; the other, the Duke William, in Tetley’s yard, was "unceremoniously demolished" by Carlsberg in 2002. In July 1897, the company became a public limited company valued at £572,848, used the funding to launch a bottling operation. A large tied estate had been established by 1914. In 1931, the art deco Tetley headquarters building was erected. In 1954, the Gilmour Brewery of Sheffield was acquired in a friendly takeover, along with 500 tied houses. Tetley's position as Leeds' largest brewer was confirmed in April 1960 when it announced a takeover of Leeds' Melbourne Brewery; the takeover was a friendly one, Melbourne had approached Tetley about the merger. The brewery and its 245 tied. Production of Melbourne beer ceased, although Tetley Mild was brewed at the Melbourne brewery until 1962.

Tetley relied on the quality of its beer to drive sales in the free trade. In 1960 they merged with Walkers of Warrington to form Tetley Walker. Tetley Walker owned over one thousand tied houses in Yorkshire alone and a further two thousand outside the county. In 1961 Tetley merged with Ind Coope and Ansells to form Allied Breweries the world's largest brewing conglomerate. During the 1960s the brewery employed over a thousand workers. A new brewhouse was built in 1964. By the 1970s half of Leeds' pubs were owned by Tetley. During the 1970s Tetley's was Britain's largest cask ale brewery, producing 1 million barrels a year. In 1978 Allied merged with J. Lyons to form Allied Lyons. During the 1980s Tetley benefited from the increase in sales of cask ale. An impartial customer survey in the 1980s concluded that Tetley had achieved an irrational level of customer support in West Yorkshire, in part because of traditional loyalty because of effective television campaigns such as the Tetley Bittermen, because of a high quality product.

The brewhouse was updated in 1984. In 1993 Allied Lyons sold a 50 per cent stake in the company to Carlsberg; the brewery opened a museum on 19 March 1994. The attraction proved popular; the building is now restaurants. By 1996, sales of Tetley Bitter were overtaken by sales of John Smith's, the product has retained the number two ale position since; this is attributed to Tetley's ineffective marketing campaigns. In 1998 Tetley's was taken over by Carlsberg. In 2004 Tetley was dropped from the Carlsberg-Tetley name; the company is a part of Carlsberg AS group. In 2006, Tetley's sold 185 million pints of beer in pubs. In the same year, the brewery's dray horses, which had made beer deliveries to pubs around Leeds, were retired; the brewery's closure was announced in 2008. A Carlsberg spokesman said, "It is an old brewery and the one in Northampton is bigger and modern." In December 2010, production of Tetley's cask products was transferred to Banks's brewery in Wolverhampton. Tetley Smoothflow will be brewed by Coors in Tadcaster and Tetley keg Dark Mild and Imperial will be brewed by Cameron's of

Rules of the garage

The rules of the garage are a set of eleven rules that attempt to encapsulate the work ethos that Bill Hewlett and David Packard when they founded Hewlett-Packard. Since Hewlett-Packard was one of the earliest success stories of the information technology sector, it used to more broadly describe the work ethos of Silicon Valley; the Rules were first articulated in 1999 by HP CEO Carly Fiorina - during her tenure as HP CEO - and they were used in a Hewlett-Packard ad campaign. The name was a reference to David Packard's garage in Palo Alto, in which Packard and Bill Hewlett first founded the company after graduating from nearby Stanford University in 1935; the eleven rules are: Believe. Work keep the tools unlocked, work whenever. Know when to work alone and when to work together. Share — tools, ideas. Trust your colleagues. No Politics. No bureaucracy; the customer defines a job well done. Radical ideas are not bad ideas. Invent different ways of working. Make a contribution every day. If it doesn’t contribute, it doesn’t leave the garage.

Believe that together we can do anything. Invent. See Wikipedia discussion of HP culture

Curanto

Curanto is a traditional food of Chiloé Archipelago that has spread to the southern areas of Chile and Argentina, whose remains dated back about 11,525 ± 90 uncalibrated years before present. It consists of seafood, meat and vegetables and is traditionally prepared in a hole, about a meter and a half deep, dug in the ground; the bottom is covered with stones, heated in a bonfire until red. The ingredients consist of shellfish, potatoes, milcao and vegetables. Curanto sometimes includes specific types of fish; the varieties of shellfish vary but almejas and picorocos are essential. The quantities are not fixed; each layer of ingredients is covered with nalca leaves, or in their absence, with fig leaves or white cabbage leaves. All this is covered with wet sacks, with dirt and grass chunks, creating the effect of a giant pressure cooker in which the food cooks for one hour. Curanto can be prepared in a large stew pot, heated over a bonfire or grill or in a pressure cooker; this stewed curanto is called "curanto en olla" or "pulmay" in the central region of Chile.

It is believed that this form of preparing foods was native to the "chono" countryside and that, with the arrival of the southern peoples and the Spanish conquistadors, new ingredients were added until it came to be the curanto, known today. Earth oven Pachamanca Hangi Kalua Clam bake