Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington. It develops, licenses and sells computer software, consumer electronics, personal computers, related services, its best known software products are the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, the Microsoft Office suite, the Internet Explorer and Edge web browsers. Its flagship hardware products are the Xbox video game consoles and the Microsoft Surface lineup of touchscreen personal computers; as of 2016, it is the world's largest software maker by revenue, one of the world's most valuable companies. The word "Microsoft" is a portmanteau of "microcomputer" and "software". Microsoft is ranked No. 30 in the 2018 Fortune 500 rankings of the largest United States corporations by total revenue. Microsoft was founded by Bill Gates and Paul Allen on April 4, 1975, to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800, it rose to dominate the personal computer operating system market with MS-DOS in the mid-1980s, followed by Microsoft Windows.
The company's 1986 initial public offering, subsequent rise in its share price, created three billionaires and an estimated 12,000 millionaires among Microsoft employees. Since the 1990s, it has diversified from the operating system market and has made a number of corporate acquisitions, their largest being the acquisition of LinkedIn for $26.2 billion in December 2016, followed by their acquisition of Skype Technologies for $8.5 billion in May 2011. As of 2015, Microsoft is market-dominant in the IBM PC-compatible operating system market and the office software suite market, although it has lost the majority of the overall operating system market to Android; the company produces a wide range of other consumer and enterprise software for desktops and servers, including Internet search, the digital services market, mixed reality, cloud computing and software development. Steve Ballmer replaced Gates as CEO in 2000, envisioned a "devices and services" strategy; this began with the acquisition of Danger Inc. in 2008, entering the personal computer production market for the first time in June 2012 with the launch of the Microsoft Surface line of tablet computers.
Since Satya Nadella took over as CEO in 2014, the company has scaled back on hardware and has instead focused on cloud computing, a move that helped the company's shares reach its highest value since December 1999. In 2018, Microsoft surpassed Apple as the most valuable publicly traded company in the world after being dethroned by the tech giant in 2010. Childhood friends Bill Gates and Paul Allen sought to make a business utilizing their shared skills in computer programming. In 1972 they founded their first company, named Traf-O-Data, which sold a rudimentary computer to track and analyze automobile traffic data. While Gates enrolled at Harvard, Allen pursued a degree in computer science at Washington State University, though he dropped out of school to work at Honeywell; the January 1975 issue of Popular Electronics featured Micro Instrumentation and Telemetry Systems's Altair 8800 microcomputer, which inspired Allen to suggest that they could program a BASIC interpreter for the device. After a call from Gates claiming to have a working interpreter, MITS requested a demonstration.
Since they didn't yet have one, Allen worked on a simulator for the Altair while Gates developed the interpreter. Although they developed the interpreter on a simulator and not the actual device, it worked flawlessly when they demonstrated the interpreter to MITS in Albuquerque, New Mexico. MITS agreed to distribute it, marketing it as Altair BASIC. Gates and Allen established Microsoft on April 4, 1975, with Gates as the CEO; the original name of "Micro-Soft" was suggested by Allen. In August 1977 the company formed an agreement with ASCII Magazine in Japan, resulting in its first international office, "ASCII Microsoft". Microsoft moved to a new home in Bellevue, Washington in January 1979. Microsoft entered the operating system business in 1980 with its own version of Unix, called Xenix. However, it was MS-DOS. After negotiations with Digital Research failed, IBM awarded a contract to Microsoft in November 1980 to provide a version of the CP/M OS, set to be used in the upcoming IBM Personal Computer.
For this deal, Microsoft purchased a CP/M clone called 86-DOS from Seattle Computer Products, which it branded as MS-DOS, though IBM rebranded it to PC DOS. Following the release of the IBM PC in August 1981, Microsoft retained ownership of MS-DOS. Since IBM had copyrighted the IBM PC BIOS, other companies had to reverse engineer it in order for non-IBM hardware to run as IBM PC compatibles, but no such restriction applied to the operating systems. Due to various factors, such as MS-DOS's available software selection, Microsoft became the leading PC operating systems vendor; the company expanded into new markets with the release of the Microsoft Mouse in 1983, as well as with a publishing division named Microsoft Press. Paul Allen resigned from Microsoft in 1983 after developing Hodgkin's disease. Allen claimed that Gates wanted to dilute his share in the company when he was diagnosed with Hodgkin's disease because he didn't think he was working hard enough. After leaving Microsoft, Allen lost billions of dollars on ill-conceived or mistimed technology investments.
He invested in low-tech sectors, sports teams, commercial real estate. Despite having begun jointly developing a new operating system, OS/2, with IBM in
San Francisco the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural and financial center of Northern California. San Francisco is the 13th-most populous city in the United States, the fourth-most populous in California, with 884,363 residents as of 2017, it covers an area of about 46.89 square miles at the north end of the San Francisco Peninsula in the San Francisco Bay Area, making it the second-most densely populated large US city, the fifth-most densely populated U. S. county, behind only four of the five New York City boroughs. San Francisco is part of the fifth-most populous primary statistical area in the United States, the San Jose–San Francisco–Oakland, CA Combined Statistical Area; as of 2017, it was the seventh-highest income county in the United States, with a per capita personal income of $119,868. As of 2015, San Francisco proper had a GDP of $154.2 billion, a GDP per capita of $177,968. The San Francisco CSA was the country's third-largest urban economy as of 2017, with a GDP of $907 billion.
Of the 500+ primary statistical areas in the US, the San Francisco CSA had among the highest GDP per capita in 2017, at $93,938. San Francisco was ranked 14th in the world and third in the United States on the Global Financial Centres Index as of September 2018. San Francisco was founded on June 29, 1776, when colonists from Spain established Presidio of San Francisco at the Golden Gate and Mission San Francisco de Asís a few miles away, all named for St. Francis of Assisi; the California Gold Rush of 1849 brought rapid growth, making it the largest city on the West Coast at the time. San Francisco became a consolidated city-county in 1856. San Francisco's status as the West Coast's largest city peaked between 1870 and 1900, when around 25% of California's population resided in the city proper. After three-quarters of the city was destroyed by the 1906 earthquake and fire, San Francisco was rebuilt, hosting the Panama-Pacific International Exposition nine years later. In World War II, San Francisco was a major port of embarkation for service members shipping out to the Pacific Theater.
It became the birthplace of the United Nations in 1945. After the war, the confluence of returning servicemen, significant immigration, liberalizing attitudes, along with the rise of the "hippie" counterculture, the Sexual Revolution, the Peace Movement growing from opposition to United States involvement in the Vietnam War, other factors led to the Summer of Love and the gay rights movement, cementing San Francisco as a center of liberal activism in the United States. Politically, the city votes along liberal Democratic Party lines. A popular tourist destination, San Francisco is known for its cool summers, steep rolling hills, eclectic mix of architecture, landmarks, including the Golden Gate Bridge, cable cars, the former Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary, Fisherman's Wharf, its Chinatown district. San Francisco is the headquarters of five major banking institutions and various other companies such as Levi Strauss & Co. Gap Inc. Fitbit, Salesforce.com, Reddit, Inc. Dolby, Weebly, Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Pinterest, Uber, Mozilla, Wikimedia Foundation and Weather Underground.
It is home to a number of educational and cultural institutions, such as the University of San Francisco, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco State University, the De Young Museum, the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, the California Academy of Sciences. As of 2019, San Francisco is the highest rated American city on world liveability rankings; the earliest archaeological evidence of human habitation of the territory of the city of San Francisco dates to 3000 BC. The Yelamu group of the Ohlone people resided in a few small villages when an overland Spanish exploration party, led by Don Gaspar de Portolà, arrived on November 2, 1769, the first documented European visit to San Francisco Bay. Seven years on March 28, 1776, the Spanish established the Presidio of San Francisco, followed by a mission, Mission San Francisco de Asís, established by the Spanish explorer Juan Bautista de Anza. Upon independence from Spain in 1821, the area became part of Mexico. Under Mexican rule, the mission system ended, its lands became privatized.
In 1835, Englishman William Richardson erected the first independent homestead, near a boat anchorage around what is today Portsmouth Square. Together with Alcalde Francisco de Haro, he laid out a street plan for the expanded settlement, the town, named Yerba Buena, began to attract American settlers. Commodore John D. Sloat claimed California for the United States on July 7, 1846, during the Mexican–American War, Captain John B. Montgomery arrived to claim Yerba Buena two days later. Yerba Buena was renamed San Francisco on January 30 of the next year, Mexico ceded the territory to the United States at the end of the war. Despite its attractive location as a port and naval base, San Francisco was still a small settlement with inhospitable geography; the California Gold Rush brought a flood of treasure seekers. With their sourdough bread in tow, prospectors accumulated in San Francisco over rival Benicia, raising the population from 1,000 in 1848 to 25,000 by December 1849; the promise of great wealth was so strong that crews on arriving vessels deserted and rushed off to the gold fields, leaving behind a forest of masts in San Francisco harbor.
Some of these 500 abandoned ships were used at times as storeships and hotels.
Richard Norton (actor)
Richard Norton is an Australian martial artist, action film star, stunt/fight coordinator or fight choreographer, martial arts trainer. After high school, Norton worked as a bodyguard in the entertainment business before pursuing an acting career, he has attained a 9th Degree in Australia. His first screen appearance was in the 1980 Chuck Norris film The Octagon, he has worked on over 80 feature films and television programs. Norton worked as a personal bodyguard for The Rolling Stones, Linda Ronstadt, James Taylor, David Bowie, ABBA, John Belushi, Fleetwood Mac and Stevie Nicks. Norton has been on the cover of martial arts magazines including Black Belt twice, Australasian Fighting Arts in 1983, Blitz Magazine, Impact with Cynthia Rothrock in 1993, with Jackie Chan in 1997, Inside Kung Fu, MA Training, Martial Arts & Combat Sports, Martial Arts & Combat Sports. In 2014 Norton was inducted into the Australasian Martial Arts Hall of Fame, he is the Head Instructor of the Richard Norton Brazilian Jiu Jitsu organisation.
Norton is known for his appearances in Hong Kong action films. Norton's Hong Kong credits include The Magic Crystal, Twinkle Twinkle Lucky Stars, City Hunter, Millionaire's Express, Mr. Nice Guy. A signature catchphrase of Norton's characters is "Painful?" asked after striking a decisive blow. The most comical example is in Twinkle, Twinkle Lucky Stars, where he faces Sammo Hung and in the movie Millionaire's Express against Yasuaki Kurata. Over his career, Norton has faced off with many top martial arts action stars, including Jackie Chan, Sammo Hung, Yasuaki Kurata, Benny "the Jet" Urquidez, Don "The Dragon" Wilson, Cynthia Rothrock. Norton served as fight coordinator on the 2007 film The Condemned, he starred in a contemporary drama, Under the Red Moon. In August 2010, Norton appeared at Berlin Movie Con, a convention of martial arts where he was joined by ten other stars of Martial arts cinema in a two-day show, it was staged in the Universal hall in Berlin Germany. Among his fellow stars were Cynthia Rothrock, Don "The Dragon" Wilson and Conan Lee.
ABBA: The Movie – as himself and fitness trainer The Octagon – Kyo Force: Five – Ezekiel Forced Vengeance – Herb Gymkata – Zamir Twinkle, Twinkle Lucky Stars – Caucasian Assassin American Ninja – MP Equalizer 2000 – Slade Future Hunters – Matthew Millionaire's Express – – Bandit Magic Crystal – Karov Return of the Kickfighter – Brad Cooper The Fighter – Ryan Travers Fight to Win – Armstrong Not Another Mistake – Richard Straker Jungle Assassin Hawkeye Licence to Kill The Sword of Bushido – Zac Connors Hyper Space – Thomas Stanton The Blood of Heroes – Bone Blood Street China O'Brien – Matt Conroy China O'Brien II – Matt Conroy Raiders of the Sun – Brodie Rage and Honor – Preston Michaels Lady Dragon – Ludwig Hauptman Ironheart – Milverstead City Hunter – MacDonald Rage and Honor II – Preston Michaels Walker, Texas Ranger - various roles, incl.. Norton has trained in many aspects of the martial arts in his 55 years of training, including Judo, Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, Thai boxing and several Japanese weapons systems.
He used this experience to co-create the hybrid martial art Zen Do Kai with fellow security guard Bob Jones. He has a 5th-Degree Shihan rank Black Belt in Goju Ryu, 8th-Degree Masters rank in Chun Kuk Do, 5th-Degree Black belt in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu and a 9th-degree Black Belt in Zen Do Kai Karate, he has trained extensively with such Martial Arts legends as Tino Ceberano, Tadashi Yamashita, Fumio Demura, Bill'Superfoot' Wallace, Pete "Sugar Foot" Cunningham, the Machado brothers and Chuck Norris. Norton is in con
A computing platform or digital platform is the environment in which a piece of software is executed. It may be the hardware or the operating system a web browser and associated application programming interfaces, or other underlying software, as long as the program code is executed with it. Computing platforms have different abstraction levels, including a computer architecture, an OS, or runtime libraries. A computing platform is the stage. A platform can be seen both as a constraint on the software development process, in that different platforms provide different functionality and restrictions. For example, an OS may be a platform that abstracts the underlying differences in hardware and provides a generic command for saving files or accessing the network. Platforms may include: Hardware alone, in the case of small embedded systems. Embedded systems can access hardware directly, without an OS. A browser in the case of web-based software; the browser itself runs on a hardware+OS platform, but this is not relevant to software running within the browser.
An application, such as a spreadsheet or word processor, which hosts software written in an application-specific scripting language, such as an Excel macro. This can be extended to writing fully-fledged applications with the Microsoft Office suite as a platform. Software frameworks. Cloud computing and Platform as a Service. Extending the idea of a software framework, these allow application developers to build software out of components that are hosted not by the developer, but by the provider, with internet communication linking them together; the social networking sites Twitter and Facebook are considered development platforms. A virtual machine such as the Java virtual machine or. NET CLR. Applications are compiled into a format similar to machine code, known as bytecode, executed by the VM. A virtualized version of a complete system, including virtualized hardware, OS, storage; these allow, for instance, a typical Windows program to run on. Some architectures have multiple layers, with each layer acting as a platform to the one above it.
In general, a component only has to be adapted to the layer beneath it. For instance, a Java program has to be written to use the Java virtual machine and associated libraries as a platform but does not have to be adapted to run for the Windows, Linux or Macintosh OS platforms. However, the JVM, the layer beneath the application, does have to be built separately for each OS. AmigaOS, AmigaOS 4 FreeBSD, NetBSD, OpenBSD IBM i Linux Microsoft Windows OpenVMS Classic Mac OS macOS OS/2 Solaris Tru64 UNIX VM QNX z/OS Android Bada BlackBerry OS Firefox OS iOS Embedded Linux Palm OS Symbian Tizen WebOS LuneOS Windows Mobile Windows Phone Binary Runtime Environment for Wireless Cocoa Cocoa Touch Common Language Infrastructure Mono. NET Framework Silverlight Flash AIR GNU Java platform Java ME Java SE Java EE JavaFX JavaFX Mobile LiveCode Microsoft XNA Mozilla Prism, XUL and XULRunner Open Web Platform Oracle Database Qt SAP NetWeaver Shockwave Smartface Universal Windows Platform Windows Runtime Vexi Ordered from more common types to less common types: Commodity computing platforms Wintel, that is, Intel x86 or compatible personal computer hardware with Windows operating system Macintosh, custom Apple Inc. hardware and Classic Mac OS and macOS operating systems 68k-based PowerPC-based, now migrated to x86 ARM architecture based mobile devices iPhone smartphones and iPad tablet computers devices running iOS from Apple Gumstix or Raspberry Pi full function miniature computers with Linux Newton devices running the Newton OS from Apple x86 with Unix-like systems such as Linux or BSD variants CP/M computers based on the S-100 bus, maybe the earliest microcomputer platform Video game consoles, any variety 3DO Interactive Multiplayer, licensed to manufacturers Apple Pippin, a multimedia player platform for video game console development RISC processor based machines running Unix variants SPARC architecture computers running Solaris or illumos operating systems DEC Alpha cluster running OpenVMS or Tru64 UNIX Midrange computers with their custom operating systems, such as IBM OS/400 Mainframe computers with their custom operating systems, such as IBM z/OS Supercomputer architectures Cross-platform Platform virtualization Third platform Ryan Sarver: What is a platform
Michael York, OBE is an English actor. A two-time Emmy Award nominee, for ABC Afterschool Special: Are You My Mother? and the AMC series The Lot, he has appeared in more than 70 films, including Romeo and Juliet, The Three Musketeers, Logan's Run, the Austin Powers film series. York was born in Fulmer, Gerrards Cross, son of Florence Edith May Chown, a musician, Joseph Gwynne Johnson, a Llandovery-born Welsh ex-Royal Artillery British Army officer and executive with Marks & Spencer department stores. York has an older sister, Penelope Anne and younger twin sisters and Bridget, he was brought up in Sussex. During his teenage years, York was educated at Bromley Grammar School for Boys, Hurstpierpoint College and University College, Oxford, he began his career in a 1956 production of The Yellow Jacket. In 1959 he made his West End début with a small part in a production of Hamlet. York was a member of National Youth Theatre, he met photographer Patricia McCallum in 1967 when she was assigned to photograph him, they married on 27 March 1968, York's 26th birthday.
His stepson is Star Wars producer Rick McCallum. York was named to the International Best Dressed List Hall of Fame in 1977. In 2013, York announced. Doctors thought he had bone cancer. In 2012, he had undergone a stem cell transplant. Prior to graduating with a degree in English from the University of Oxford in 1964, York had toured with the National Youth Theatre performing with the Oxford University Dramatic Society and the University College Players. After some time with the Dundee Repertory Theatre, where he played in Brendan Behan's The Hostage, York joined National Theatre under Laurence Olivier where he worked with Franco Zeffirelli during the 1965 staging of Much Ado About Nothing. Following his role on British TV as Jolyon in The Forsyte Saga, York made his film debut as Lucentio in Zeffirelli's The Taming of the Shrew, he was cast as Tybalt in Zeffirelli's 1968 film adaptation of Romeo and Juliet. He starred in The Guru played an amoral bisexual drifter in Something for Everyone. In the 1971 film Zeppelin, he portrayed a World War I soldier with conflicted family loyalties who pretends to side with the Germans.
He portrayed the bisexual Brian Roberts in Bob Fosse's film version of Cabaret. In 1975 he portrayed a British soldier in 19th century colonial India in Conduct Unbecoming, the first of three movies he did with director Michael Anderson. In 1977, he reunited with Franco Zeffirelli as John the Baptist in Jesus of Nazareth. York starred as D'Artagnan in the 1973 adaptation of The Three Musketeers and he made his Broadway début in the original production of Tennessee Williams's Out Cry. One year the sequel to The Three Musketeers was released titled The Four Musketeers. Fifteen years most of the cast joined together in a third film titled The Return of the Musketeers based on the Dumas novel Twenty Years After, he played the title character in the film adaptation of Logan's Run, a fugitive who tries to escape a computer-controlled society. The following year, he starred in The Island of Dr. Moreau opposite Burt Lancaster. Since his auspicious early work, York has enjoyed a busy and varied career in film, television and on the stage.
He appeared in two episodes in the second season of the Road to Avonlea series as Ezekiel Crane, the lighthouse keeper of Avonlea and foster father of Gus Pike. His Broadway theatre credits include Bent, The Crucible, Someone Who'll Watch Over Me and the ill-fated musical The Little Prince and the Aviator, which closed during previews, he has made many sound recordings as a reader, including Harper Audio's production of C. S. Lewis' The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe. York appeared in the Babylon 5 episode "A Late Delivery from Avalon" as a delusional man who believed himself to be King Arthur returned, he appeared as Professor Asher Fleming, a 60-year-old Yale professor and boyfriend of Yale student Paris Geller during the fourth season of Gilmore Girls. He performed the voice of the character Ares in the Justice League Unlimited episode "Hawk & Dove," as well as Dr. Montague Kane in the Batman: The Animated Series episode "Zatanna" and Kanto in the Superman: The Animated Series episode "Tools of the Trade."
York starred in both The Omega Code and its sequel, Megiddo: The Omega Code 2, as Stone Alexander, the Antichrist from Christian eschatology. He played President Alexander Bourne of Macronesia on seaQuest 2032, he played Basil Exposition in all three of the Austin Powers films. He has made an appearance on The Simpsons as Mason Fairbanks, Homer Simpson's possible father, in "Homer's Paternity Coot". In 2006, York played the character Bernard Fremont in the Law & Order: Criminal Intent episode "Slither", he appeared as a fictionalised version of himself in several episodes of the third season of Curb Your Enthusiasm as an investor in Larry's new restaurant'BoBo's. In 2009, he lent his voice to Star Wars: The Clone Wars. York voiced Petrie's uncle Pterano in The Land Before Time VII: The Stone of Cold Fire. In 2009 he narrated the entire Bible for The Word of Promise Audio Bible, a star-studded, performance of the New King James Version. York again played King Arthur in a revival of Lerner and Loewe's Camelot, which began its run at the La Mirada Theatre in Southern California, toured natio
Henry Darrow is a Puerto Rican character actor of stage and film known for his role as Manolito "Mano" Montoya on the 1960s television series The High Chaparral. On film, Darrow played the vengeful Trooper Hancock in The Hitcher. During the 1970s and 1980s, he was seen in numerous guest starring television roles. Darrow replaced Efrem Zimbalist Jr. as Zorro's father Don Alejandro de la Vega in the 1990s television series Zorro. Darrow was born in New York City, the first son of Gloria and Enrique Pío Delgado, who worked in the restaurant and clothing businesses. Darrow's parents had moved from Puerto Rico to New York in the early 1930s. At the age of eight, he played a woodcutter in a school play, an experience which convinced him that his destiny was as an actor. In 1946, when Darrow was 13, his family returned to Puerto Rico, where he discovered his roots and grew to love the island he had not known, he graduated from Academia del Perpetuo Socorro high school in Miramar, Puerto Rico, as class president before enrolling in the University of Puerto Rico.
There he studied political science and acting, worked as a part-time English-language interpreter. During his third year at the University, he was awarded a Scholarship to attend acting school. Thereupon Darrow moved to Los Angeles, he met and married his first wife and they went on to have two children and Tom. Darrow graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in theater arts. Darrow had landed small parts in 12 movies and 75 television series when he won the role in a play titled The Wonderful Ice Cream Suit; this brought him to the attention of television producer David Dortort, who recruited him for his television western series The High Chaparral, casting him as Manolito Montoya. Making its debut on American television in September 1967 NBC, it went on to last four seasons and was screened around the world. While on the show, both he and series' lead Cameron Mitchell became household names as the breakout stars of the show. Darrow is the first Latino actor to portray Zorro on television, he starred in the series Zorro and Son and has provided the voice for the animated series of The New Adventures of Zorro.
He replaced Efrem Zimbalist, Jr. as Zorro's father from 1990–1994, in the Family Channel's successful series, The New Zorro. In 1972, Darrow co-founded the Screen Actors Guild Ethnic Minority Committee with actors Ricardo Montalban, Edith Diaz and Carmen Zapata. In 1986, he appeared in the horror film The Hitcher as Trooper Hancock, a ruthless and vengeful policeman who would go above the law to kill the main protagonist. Darrow has appeared in hundreds of episodes of soap operas, miniseries and dramas, along with numerous stage plays. Television series in which he has appeared include: Soap opera performances include: Santa Barbara, General Hospital, One Life to Live and A Mexican production titled Crystal Empire. Darrow made a guest appearance in an episode of Star Trek: The Next Generation as a Vulcan Starfleet Admiral named Savar in the season 1 episode "Conspiracy" and two guest appearances in episodes of Star Trek: Voyager as Kolopak, the father of Chakotay in the season 2 episodes "Tattoo" and in "Basics: Part 1".
In 1986, he made a cameo appearance in the horror film The Hitcher In 1988, Darrow guest starred in a Season 4 episode of The Golden Girls. A Bambi Award, Germany's equivalent of the Emmys, for The High Chaparral. An Emmy for his role in the soap opera Santa Barbara; the Ricardo Montalban/Nosotros Award. Darrow was the inaugural winner of the award for his contributions in improving Latinos image; the ALMA Awards Ricardo Montalban Lifetime Achievement Award in 2012. The Miller Brewing Company honored Darrow by portraying him in its 2000 Hispanic-American Calendar. Darrow was a member of the board of directors of the Screen Actors Guild and a member of SAG's Ethnic Minorities Committee, he was a founder of Nosotros, an organization helping Latino actors land non-stereotyped parts. Darrow has served on the Advisory Committee of Bilingual Children's Television. In recent years, Darrow has cut back on his public appearances. List of Puerto Ricans The High Chaparral Henry Darrow on IMDb Henry Darrow at AllMovie Interview with Henry Darrow – The Spectrum, November, 2015.
Interview with Henry Darrow at Classic Film & TV Cafe
Academy of Interactive Arts & Sciences
The Academy of Interactive Arts & Sciences is a non-profit organization of video game industry professionals. It organizes the annual Design Innovate Communicate Entertain summit, better known as D. I. C. E. Which includes the presentations of the D. I. C. E. Awards. AIAS was founded in 1992 by Andrew Zucker, a lawyer in the entertainment industry that wanted to create a group for video games similar to the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences for the film industry, which organizes the annual Academy Awards, including the nomination and voting process, the televised events; as envisioned by Andrew Zucker, AIAS was to become a bridge between Silicon Valley and Hollywood, thus serving to link and provide a forum for dialogue between professionals in both technology and entertainment. AIAS co-promoted numerous events with organizations such as the Academy of Television Arts and Sciences, the Directors Guild of America and Women in Film. Zucker was able to assemble about 400 members of both gaming and entertainment industries, along with 40 industry leaders to organize their first awards show program, "Cybermania'94", hosted by Leslie Nielsen and Jonathan Taylor Thomas and broadcast on TBS.
While a second show was run in 1995, was the first awards program to be streamed over the Web, it drew far less audiences as the first. Video game industry leaders decided that they wanted to reform AIAS as a non-profit organization for the video game industry; the effort was backed by Peter Main of Nintendo, Tom Kalinske of Sega, Doug Lowenstein, founder of the Entertainment Software Association, with funding support from ESA. AIAS was formally refounded with game developer Glenn Entis as its first president. In 1998, AIAS' role was to handle the awards known as the Interactive Achievement Awards; these awards were nominated and selected by game developers that are members of the organization themselves, mimicking the means which the Academy Awards are voted upon by its members. Around 2000, the ESA pulled out of funding AIAS, leading AIAS members Richard Hilleman and Lorne Lanning to suggest that AIAS create the D. I. C. E. Summit, a convention centered around the presentation of the awards as a means to providing funding for the organization.
The Summit was aimed at industry executives and lead developers as a means to provide networking between various companies The D. I. C. E. Summit launched in 2002 in Las Vegas and has been run on an annual basis since. In addition to video games, AIAS saw these summits as a way to connect video games to other entertainment industries. Joseph Olin served as the AIAS president from 2004 to 2010. Rae opted to implement a number of changes to the Summit, shorting talk times to give more attention to the speakers, rebranding the awards as the D. I. C. E. Awards for the 2013 summit. Mike Fischer replaced Rae as president in 2016; as of 2017, AIAS's mission is "to promote and advance the worldwide interactive entertainment community, recognize outstanding achievements in the interactive arts and sciences, host an annual awards show, the DICE Awards, to enhance awareness of games as an interactive art form". The D. I. C. E. Summit is an annual multi-day gathering of video game executives held in Nevada. Established in 2002 by AIAS, the conference is host to the annual Entertainment Software Association's Interactive Achievement Awards.
The conference differs from other conferences in the industry in its emphasis on the business and production end of the industry, with a focus on trends and innovations in video game design. The conference specializes in providing a more intimate, orderly venue for select industry leaders to network. In 2007, a keynote speaker was added to open the event, which had traditionally begun with recreation before the introduction of presentations and panels. Official website