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Texas League

The Texas League is a Minor League Baseball league which operates in the South Central United States. It is classified as a Double-A league. Despite the league's name, only its four South Division teams are based in Texas; the league maintains its headquarters in Fort Worth. The league was founded in 1888 and ran through 1892, it was called the Texas Association in 1895, the Texas-Southern League in 1896 and again as the Texas League from 1897–1899. It was revived as a Class D league in 1902, moved to Class C in 1904 where it played through 1910, played at Class B until 1920, moved up to Class A in 1921; the Texas League, like many others, shut down during World War II. From 1959 to 1961, the Texas League and the Mexican League formed the Pan American Association; the two leagues played a limited interlocking post-season championship. By 1971, the Texas League and the Southern League had both decreased to seven teams, they played an interlocking schedule with the Southern League known as the Dixie Association.

The two leagues played separate playoffs. The League's name is well known due to its association with a particular aspect of the game. A bloop single that drops between the infielders and outfielders has been called a Texas Leaguer since the 1890s, despite no evidence that it originated in the Texas League, or was any more common there than elsewhere. There is a common thread throughout Civil War anecdotes that refer to a game played 30 years earlier in the Sabine Pass area; as the story goes, a Union soldier hit a ball over the outfielder's head, leading him into a long chase for the ball which resulted in a bullet wound from a nearby sniper. After the incident, hits were only awarded for balls that landed between the infielders and outfielders. In recent years, the Texas League has witnessed a great deal of change. Teams once known as the Jackson Mets, El Paso Diablos, Shreveport Captains, Wichita Wranglers have all relocated to new cities and bigger stadiums. In 2019, the San Antonio Missions relocated to Amarillo, becoming the Amarillo Sod Poodles.

At the same time, the Triple-A Colorado Springs Sky Sox of the Pacific Coast League moved to San Antonio to continue on as the Missions at the Triple-A level. League members Dixie Association Other Current League Other Defunct League In 1971, the Southern League and Texas League were each down to seven teams, so they formed the Dixie Association for one season, they held their own separate playoffs. Current team names are in bold. Baseball in the Lone Star State: Texas League's Greatest Hits, Tom Kayser and David King, Trinity University Press 2005 Official website

Language deprivation in deaf and hard of hearing children

Language deprivation in deaf and hard of hearing children occurs when a child does not receive language exposure during their critical period. Language development can be delayed due to the lack of stimulation and socialization; this has been observed in such well known cases as Genie, Kaspar Hauser and Isabelle, as well as cases of feral children such as Victor. Language deprivation in deaf and hard of hearing children may occur when sufficient language exposure does not occur within the first few years of life, the critical period of language development; this is common because deaf children without hearing aids or cochlear implants cannot access the world around them through auditory means. These children arrive at preschool or kindergarten with significant language delays that can impact the rest of their education. Accommodations and specialized methods of instruction are required to meet the unique communication needs of deaf children, such as Auditory Verbal/Listening and Spoken Language therapy, cued speech, sign language, or a combination of approaches.

Age of enrollment in early intervention services and strength of parental involvement are the strongest success indicators for language development in deaf children. More than 90% of deaf and hard of hearing children are born to hearing parents, who may be unfamiliar with deafness and unsure about how to teach their children how to communicate. Many doctors and early intervention specialists have little experience with children with hearing loss and are not trained in best practices for their development. Audiologists, otolaryngologists, speech-language pathologists, teachers of the deaf, sign-language interpreters are the specialists who are trained and qualified to work with deaf and hard-of-hearing children and their families on language development and related issues. Children with typical hearing in households where spoken language is the primary means of communication, or children with typical vision in signing households, are exposed to language at a young age; the critical period of language development occurs from birth and continues to age 5.

During this period, the child develops language in structure such as syntax and brain development. Throughout a normal day, children with access to auditory signals are to continually receive input from TV, surrounding conversations, narration of events throughout their day. Children with typical vision in signing households are exposed throughout the day to visual language. Through these avenues, children receive information about language structure, how we use language to interact with one another, other cognitive and social cues; when a child is not exposed to language early, the child may develop language delays. This can be the case among deaf and hard of hearing children because this population can have limited access to language. Deaf children should be exposed to language early to avoid language delays. Early intervention services that provide language interventions to deaf and hard of hearing children can result in those children achieving language milestones at the same rates as their hearing peers.

Early access to language provides a foundation for developing and acquiring other languages regardless of modality. Deaf and hard of hearing children who attend early intervention programs have a higher fluency in language by age five. Deaf and hard of hearing children arrive to kindergarten at age 5 significantly behind their hearing peers. Due to hearing loss, some of these children cannot access language in the same way as their hearing peers; these approaches assume that English is their first language and that these L1 foundations in English are strong, having been set from birth to age 5. Educational placements designed for hearing students can prove to be unsuccessful for DHH students if those students haven't been exposed to auditory stimuli. There are several types of educational placements for deaf and hard of hearing children, including: culturally deaf schools; the Auditory Verbal/Listening and Spoken Language approach is a communication option for most infants and young children with hearing loss.

This approach is used by parents who want their deaf child to listen and talk in the primary language of the home. The main principles of AV/LSL promote early detection and diagnosis of hearing loss, use of hearing technology such as hearing aids and cochlear implants to help children access sounds and spoken language, early intervention services to guide and coach parents and caregivers on how to teach a child with hearing loss to listen and talk. Eighty percent of deaf children who have early and high-quality AV/LSL interventions can learn to listen and speak with the same skill level and fluency as their hearing peers. Listening and Spoken Language Specialists must be certified in LSL in order to use the LSLS designation; these include approaches that use foundations in American Sign Language to develop proficient reading and writing skills in English. Bilingual-bicultural education can address the needs of those students who may be able to access spoken language as well; when ASL functions as the child's first language, some believe it can support second language acquisition, although the

Kingsville, Ohio

Kingsville is a census-designated place in central Kingsville Township, Ashtabula County, United States. Although it is unincorporated, it has a post office, with the ZIP code of 44048, it lies at the intersection of State Routes 84 and 193, less than one mile northwest of Interstate 90. Kingsville was called Fobesdale or Fobesville, under the latter name was laid out in 1810. Kingsville was a location used for the filming of The Dark Secret of Harvest Home. Rosetta Luce Gilchrist, writer Adelia Cleopatra Graves, author Jasper A. Maltby Civil War general

Hacienda (resort)

The Hacienda Resort Hotel and Casino was a hotel and casino on the Las Vegas Strip in Paradise, that operated from 1956 to 1996. It was one of a chain of four Hacienda properties, with the other three being located in Fresno and Indio, California; each Hacienda featured a distinctive rider sign. Located by itself on the far south end of the Las Vegas Strip, it was the first resort seen by tourists driving up from California. Since it was so far from the other resorts at the time, many people who stayed at the Hacienda would not go elsewhere; the Hacienda was located close to McCarran International Airport, at one point they had their own airline, Hacienda Airlines, to fly in gamblers from all over the US. The Hacienda was known for their inexpensive, all-inclusive junkets marketed to American Midwestern retirees. Work on the Lady Luck Hotel had begun by 1953. Before construction reached the halfway mark, the projects' financing fell apart, management was denied a gaming license by state regulators.

One of the investors, Warren "Doc" Bayley, a travel columnist and owner of the Hacienda Motel in Fresno, stepped in to take over, agreeing to lease the property for $55,000 per month for 15 years. He changed the name from Lady Luck to Hacienda; the Hacienda opened on October 17, 1956, at a cost of $6 million, with 266 rooms and the largest swimming pool on the Strip. Bayley formed Hacienda Airlines in 1957. Offering packages that included transportation from Los Angeles to the Hacienda as well as a room and some casino chips; the airline included DC-4s and Lockheed Constellations numbering as many as 30 aircraft. After Bayley's death in 1965, his widow, Judith Bayley, took over management. After her death, the property was sold in 1972 for $5 million to a group led by Allen R. Glick, revealed as a frontman for organized crime interests. In 1977, Paul Lowden, the Hacienda's entertainment director and owner of a 15% stake, bought out Glick and the other owners for $21 million; the Gaming Control Board voted to deny Lowden a license due to his association with Glick, but was overruled by the Gaming Commission.

Magician Herbert L. Becker produced and wrote his own show at the Hacienda beginning in 1977; the show ran on a staggered schedule before Becker went into retirement. Magician Lance Burton produced and wrote his own show at the Hacienda beginning in 1991; the show ran for five years before Burton moved to the Monte Carlo Casino. In 1995, the Hacienda was purchased by Circus Circus Enterprises from Lowden's Archon Corporation. By this time, it was dwarfed by the many new megaresorts that were being built, in particular the Luxor which had just been completed; the Hacienda's closure was announced in September 1996. On December 10, 1996, the Hacienda was closed to the public after 40 years; the implosion began on December 31 at 8:53 p.m. local time, was notably televised as the culmination of Fox's 1997 New Year's Eve special from Las Vegas. Despite the implosion, parts of the old resort still stood, due to the building not falling into its footprint, but toppling into its parking lot; the next day a wrecking crew was brought in to bring down the remaining parts.

In March 1999, it was replaced by the Mandalay Bay. The Hacienda name was licensed to the Hacienda Hotel and Casino in Boulder City


Co-regulation is a term used in psychology and social regulation. In psychology, it is defined most broadly as a "continuous unfolding of individual action, susceptible to being continuously modified by the continuously changing actions of the partner". An important aspect of this idea is that co-regulation cannot be reduced down to the behaviors or experiences of the individuals involved in the interaction; the interaction is a result of each participant regulating the behavior of the other. It is a dynamic process, rather than the exchange of discrete information. Co-regulation is applied in the context of emotions. In this sense, the emotions of each individual within a dyad are in flux, depending on the emotions and behaviors of the partner. If emotion co-regulation is in effect, the result will be a decrease in overall emotional distress. A working definition of emotion co-regulation has been offered as "a bidirectional linkage of oscillating emotional channels between partners, which contributes to emotional stability for both partners".

Emotion co-regulation is studied in the context of early emotional development between infants and caregivers. It has been studied in adult interpersonal interactions, with an emphasis on close, romantic relationships. One important note regarding co-regulation is that there may be an imbalance within the dyad, such that one member is more regulating the behavior of the other; the following is an example of co-regulation between a mother and her infant, from Emotional Development: The Organization of Emotional Life in the Early Years. This scenario exemplifies a mother maintaining her infant's engagement via variations in her voice, facial expressions, body language, she sensitively adds more stimulation when appropriate. The infant indicates and maintains the mutual engagement with her own facial expressions and body language. Hello there pumpkin... Mommy's comin' to get you. Yes, she is. Momma's gon na tickle you. What do you think of that? Come on. Come on, you little sweetie. Let me see that smile.

Humm? Yeah, that's right... thaaaat's right. Oh, well now, are you gonna say somethin'? Are ya? Come on! Come on! Come on. Yeah!." Despite a history of studies on co-regulation, researchers have lacked a clear, operational definition of co-regulation. In a review of emotional co-regulation in close relationships and Randall proposed the following three criteria for determining the presence of co-regulation: Bidirectional linkage of emotional channels: Both partners' emotions will influence each other in a recursive pattern of mutual regulation. Critically, this effect will be supported by statistical tests for dependence. Morphostatic oscillating emotional channels: The level of emotional arousal within each member will stay within the range of stable, comfortable arousal. If the dyad becomes too aroused without a subsequent return to emotional calm, this would be a failure to co-regulate. Morphostatic oscillation is in contrast to morphogenic oscillation, which results in an elevated emotional state for one or both partners.

Examples of morphogenic oscillation includes emotion contagion and negative reciprocity during conflicts. Co-regulation will contribute to physiological allostasis for both partners. A close relationship partner will be sensitive to one's emotional distress, mere proximity to that partner will automatically lead to reductions in distress. In contrast, proximity to a stranger when faced with a stressor may lead to reductions in distress, but it will not manifest in a bidirectional pattern. Co-regulation has been identified as a critical precursor for emotional self-regulation. Infants have instinctive regulatory behaviors, such as gaze redirection, body re-positioning, self-soothing, problem solving, venting, but the most effective way for an infant to regulate distress is to seek out help from a caregiver. Sensitive, reliable responses by the caregiver, over time, indicate to the infant that emotional distress is manageable, either with the help of a caregiver, or by strategies developed during past interactions with a caregiver.

The strongest theoretical and empirical support for this phenomenon comes from research on attachment theory. Attachment has been explicitly defined as "the dyadic regulation of emotion"; the basic premise is that early biological and behavioral co-regulation from the caregiver facilitates the child's development of secure attachment which promotes self-regulation. Drawing from John Bowlby's theory of "internal working models", young children develop mental representations of the caregiving relationship, as well as relationships more through repeated interactions with the caregiver. Sensitive and consistent caregiving promotes the development of the expectation that emotional arousal is manageable via eliciting the support of the caregiver and/or with independent coping. Alternatively, Bowlby hypothesized that infants who experience insensitive and inconsistent caregiving are to develop the expectation that emotional needs will not be met by others or the self. Furthermore, in studies testing the statistical dependencies between parent and infant behaviors, researchers have fou

An Albatross

An Albatross is a noise rock band based in Philadelphia, known for their chaotic live shows and psychedelic/circus-like presentation. Formed in the fall of 1999 by guitarist Jake Lisowski, vocalist Edward B. Gieda III, drummer Chris Abbott, bassist Jason Hudak, organist Phillip Reynolds Price, the band amassed material and recorded their cassette demo "1.)Sex 2.)Bird 3.)Cake." The following summer marked the first of many expansive tours that An Albatross has become renowned for. In 2001, Philadelphian upstart label When Humans Attack! Records produced and released the Eat Lightning, Shit Thunder 12" EP. Following the release of the 12", the CD version was pressed with permission by Bloodlink Records; the record was completed in two sessions during the winter months of 2000–2001 at Dungeon Studios in Upper Darby, PA. Despite the record only consisting of 11 minutes of music, nearly 20 hours were spent recording and mixing the record. Creatively Eat Lightning, Shit Thunder was a departure from the grindcore-based, deep/growled-vocal laiden 1999 demo and resembled a hybrid of early 1990s grindcore, speed metal, hints of progressive rock.

The 12" EP debut spawned an exhaustive tour that bled into the writing and recording process of their second album, We Are The Lazer Viking CD-EP. During the writing process of We Are The Lazer Viking, percussionist Jeremy Gewertz replaced Christopher Abbott, synth player, Kat Paffett was added; the six person line-up heightened the creative potential of the group and culminated in the Ace Fu Records 2003 release, We Are The Lazer Viking. The eleven-song/eight-minute "fetid noise rock blither" was recorded at the defunct Fun City Studio in Manhattan and produced by Wharton Tiers, who had worked with Sonic Youth, Dinosaur Jr. and Helmet. The composition and recording of We Are The Lazer Viking is markedly more complex and progressive, making heavy usage of synthesizers and erratic time signatures; the EP fueled nearly three years of extensive national touring and created a hugely devoted cult-like following throughout North America & Europe. The buzz caught ear of English DJ/journalist John Peel, which precipitated into an invite to record a session for BBC Radio 1, which the band recorded in March 2005.

Prior to the band's second trip to Europe, Jeremy Gewertz was replaced by drummer Ed Klinger. An Albatross toured nearly 130-odd dates with Klinger throughout the Europe. In the summer of 2005, the group labored in Park Slope, composing the impossible Blessphemy...of the Peace Beast Feastgiver and the Bear Warp Kumite, which would be recorded months at the unlikely Don One Studios in Brooklyn by Carl Golembeski and Mike Peccio. Drummer Steven Vaiani took the percussion reigns for the subsequent Blessphemy tours, which have amounted in more than 200 shows since January 2006 in supporting the likes of Blue Cheer, Melt Banana, DMBQ, Lightning Bolt throughout the U. S. Canada, Europe. In October 2007, former leader of New Jersey's The Post Office Gals, Daniel Schlett, joined on guitars and the group amassed material for a future album. In a quick succession of events, the band announced a spring 2008/SXSW tour sans guitarist Lisowski, a signing with New Jersey's Eyeball Records in April 2008, a rigorous 40-day studio schedule that would culminate in the October 21, 2008 release of the group's third full-length album "The An Albatross Family Album".

"The An Albatross The Family Album" tours extended from 2008 to 2010 with a grueling itinerary. The 120+ date tour spanned 13 countries, featured support dates with Enter Shikari, Don Caballero... And You Will Know Us by the Trail of Dead, co-headlining tours with White Mice, DMBQ, AIDS Wolf, Yip-Yip, Dark Meat, high-profile appearances at the 2009 Dour Festival, Czech Fluff Festival and Fun Fun Fun Festival. Though the tour was a resounding success, the band experienced personnel turbulence – notably the departure of Schlett & Price in 2009 & 2010. In 2016, with the encouragement of longtime friends, Daughters, An Albatross were billed in Philadelphia, alongside the Providence group for the first time in five years; this show subsequently spawned a string of regional & East Coast dates including an appearance at the 2017 Pop Montreal festival. Presently the band is working in the studio with plans to return to Europe for a summer 2018 tour. 1.)Sex 2.)Bird 3.)Cake An Albatross & Carl G. Hoags 2xCD – "Channel 96.2" Godass Soundtrack Directed by Esther Bell Presto Majesto – Included as part of the bonus material on the We Are the Lazer Viking CD, along with several videos of live performances.

Lab Results Volume One – A collection of videos and live performances from Gold Standard Labs Records artists. Kevin Dougherty Presents – A collection of animations & edited/raw live footage from local shows & rehearsals. Available on tour-only. Viva La Bam Episode 204: Mardi Gras Part 1 Official An Albatross website Ace Fu Records An Albatross Interview