Whole Foods Market
Whole Foods Market Inc. is an American supermarket chain which sells products free from hydrogenated fats and artificial colors, flavors and sweeteners. Being the only USDA Certified Organic grocer in the United States, the chain is popularly known for its organic selections. Whole Foods has 500 stores in North America and the United Kingdom as of March 4, 2019. On August 23, 2017, it was reported that the Federal Trade Commission had approved a merger between Amazon and Whole Foods Market. In 1978, John Mackey and Renee Lawson borrowed $45,000 from family and friends to open a small vegetarian natural foods store called SaferWay in Austin, Texas; when the two were evicted from their apartment for storing food products in it, they decided to live at the store. Because it was zoned for commercial use, there was no shower stall, so they bathed using a water hose attached to their dishwasher. Two years Mackey and Lawson partnered with Craig Weller and Mark Skiles to merge SaferWay with the latter's Clarksville Natural Grocery, resulting in the opening of the original Whole Foods Market, which included meat products.
At 10,500 square feet and with a staff of 19, the store was large in comparison to the standard health food store of the time. The following Memorial Day, on May 25, 1981, the most damaging flood in 70 years devastated Austin. Whole Foods' inventory was ruined, most of the equipment was damaged; the loss was $400,000 and Whole Foods Market had no insurance. Customers and staff assisted to repair and clean up the damage. Creditors and investors assisted in helping recovery, the store reopened 28 days later. Beginning in 1984, Whole Foods Market expanded out of Austin, first to Houston and Dallas and into New Orleans with the purchase of The Whole Food Co. in 1988. In 1989, the company expanded to the West Coast with a store in California. While opening new stores, the company fueled rapid growth by acquiring other natural foods chains throughout the 1990s: Wellspring Grocery of North Carolina, Bread & Circus of Massachusetts and Rhode Island, Mrs. Gooch's Natural Foods Markets of Los Angeles, Bread of Life of Northern California, Fresh Fields Markets on the East Coast and in the Midwest, Florida Bread of Life stores, Detroit-area Merchant of Vino stores, Nature's Heartland of Boston.
The company purchased Allegro Coffee Company in 1997. The company's 100th store was opened in Torrance, California, in 1999; the company started its third decade with additional acquisitions. The first was Natural Abilities in 2000, which did business as Food for Thought in Northern California. After the departure of company president Chris Hitt and regional president Rich Cundiff, Southern California region, John Mackey promoted A. C. Gallo, president of the Northeast region and Walter Robb, president of the Northern California region to Co-COO and soon after added the titles of Co-President; this led to the promotion of a new era for the company. David Lannon became president of the Northeast region, Anthony Gilmore became president of the Southwest region, Ron Megehan became president of the Northern California region. In 2001, Whole Foods moved into Manhattan; that year Ken Meyer became president of the newly formed South region and Whole Foods Market acquired the assets of Harry's Farmers Market, which included three stores in Atlanta.
In 2002, the company continued its expansion in North America and opened its first store in Toronto, Ontario. Further continuing its expansion, Select Fish of Seattle was acquired in 2003. In 2005, Whole Foods opened its 80,000 sq ft flagship store in downtown Austin; the company's headquarters moved into offices above the store. Whole Foods opened its first store in Hawaii in 2008 and in 2008 it opened a southeast distribution center in Braselton, calling it the first "green distribution center" for the company. Along with new acquisitions, such as the 2014 purchase of seven Dominick's Finer Foods locations in Chicago, Whole Foods has sold stores to other companies. For example, 35 Henry's Farmers Market and Sun Harvest Market stores were sold to a subsidiary of Los Angeles grocer Smart & Final Inc. for $166 million in 2007. Whole Foods opened its second store in western New York in Amherst, a suburb of Buffalo in September, 2017; as part of a streamlining campaign, in January 2017 the company reported that it would close three remaining regional kitchens in Everett and Atlanta.
In June 2017, Amazon purchased Whole Foods Market for $13.7 Billion. Amazon plans for Whole Foods customers who have an Amazon prime account to be able to order groceries online and pick them up in store for free. In January 2019, as part of expansion further to some unreachable areas, Amazon announced to acquire some former Sears and Kmart locations from Sears Holdings which filed for Chapter 11 Bankruptcy protection on October 15, 2018; these vacant locations would remodel into new Whole Foods Market locations. In 2004, Whole Foods Market entered the U. K. by acquiring seven Fresh & Wild stores. In June 2007, it opened its first full-size store, a total of 80,000 sq ft on three levels, on the site of the old Barkers department store on Kensington High Street, West London and their largest store in the world. Company executives claimed that as many as forty stores might be opened throughout the U. K. However, by September 2008, in the wake of Whole Foods Market's financial troubles, Fresh & Wild had been reduced to four stores, all in London.
The flagship Bristol branch closed because it had "not met profitability goals". In the year to September 2
Joseph Robinette Biden Jr. is an American politician who served as the 47th vice president of the United States from 2009 to 2017. A member of the Democratic Party, he represented Delaware in the U. S. Senate from 1973 to 2009. Biden was born in Scranton and lived there for ten years before moving with his family to Delaware, he became an attorney in 1969 and was elected to the New Castle County Council in 1970. He was first elected to the U. S. Senate in 1972, when he became the sixth-youngest senator in American history. Biden was re-elected to the upper house of Congress six times and was the fourth most senior senator when he resigned to assume the vice presidency in 2009. Biden was a long-time former chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee, he opposed the Gulf War in 1991, but advocated U. S. and NATO intervention in the Bosnian War in 1994 and 1995. He voted in favor of the resolution authorizing the Iraq War in 2002 but opposed the surge of U. S. troops in 2007. He has served as chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee, dealing with issues related to drug policy, crime prevention, civil liberties.
Biden led the efforts to pass the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act, the Violence Against Women Act. He chaired the Judiciary Committee during the contentious U. S. Supreme Court nominations of Robert Bork and Clarence Thomas. Biden unsuccessfully sought the Democratic presidential nomination in 1988 and in 2008, both times dropping out after lackluster showings. In 2008, Biden was chosen as the running mate of Democratic presidential nominee Barack Obama. After being elected vice president, Biden oversaw infrastructure spending aimed at counteracting the Great Recession and helped formulate U. S. policy toward Iraq up until the withdrawal of U. S. troops in 2011. His ability to negotiate with congressional Republicans helped the Obama administration pass legislation such as the Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, Job Creation Act of 2010, which resolved a taxation deadlock. Biden was reported to have advised President Obama against approving the 2011 military mission that resulted in the death of Osama bin Laden, though he has disputed this.
Obama and Biden were re-elected in 2012, defeating Republican nominee Mitt Romney and his running mate, Paul Ryan. In October 2015, after months of speculation, Biden announced he would not seek the presidency in the 2016 elections. In one of the final acts of his term in January 2017, President Obama awarded Biden the Presidential Medal of Freedom with distinction. After completing his second term as vice president, Biden joined the faculty of the University of Pennsylvania, where he was named the Benjamin Franklin Professor of Presidential Practice; as of March 2019, Biden was reported to be considering a 2020 presidential run, after a mid-2018 Hill/HarrisX poll placed him at the top among potential Democratic presidential candidates. Biden was born on November 20, 1942, at St. Mary's Hospital in Scranton, Pennsylvania, to Catherine Eugenia Biden and Joseph Robinette Biden Sr, he was the first of four siblings in a Catholic family, with two brothers. His mother was of Irish descent, with roots variously attributed to County Louth or County Londonderry.
His paternal grandparents, Mary Elizabeth and Joseph H. Biden, an oil businessman from Baltimore, were of English and Irish ancestry, his paternal great-great-great grandfather, William Biden, was born in Sussex and immigrated to the United States. His maternal great-grandfather, Edward Francis Blewitt, was a member of the Pennsylvania State Senate. Biden's father had been prosperous earlier in his life but suffered several business reversals by the time his son was born. For several years the family had to live with the Finnegans; when the Scranton area went into economic decline during the 1950s, Biden's father could not find enough work. In 1953, the Biden family moved to an apartment in Claymont, where they lived for a few years before moving to a house in Wilmington, Delaware. Joe Biden Sr. was more successful as a used car salesman, the family's circumstances were middle class. Biden attended the Archmere Academy in Claymont where he was a standout halfback/wide receiver on the high school football team.
He played on the baseball team as well. During these years, he participated in an anti-segregation sit-in at a Wilmington theatre. Academically, he was an above-average student, was considered a natural leader among the students, was elected class president during his junior and senior years, he graduated in 1961. He earned his bachelor's in 1965 from the University of Delaware, with a double major in history and political science, graduating with a class rank of 506 out of 688, his classmates were impressed by his cramming abilities, he played halfback with the Blue Hens freshman football team. In 1964, while on spring break in the Bahamas, he met and began dating Neilia Hunter, from an affluent background in Skaneateles, New York, attended Syracuse University, he told her that he aimed to become a senator by the age of 30 and President. He dropped a junior year plan to play for the varsity football team as a defensive back, enabling him to spend more time visiting out of state with her, he entered Syracuse University College of Law, receiving a half scholarship based on financial need with some additional assistance based on academics.
By his own description, he found law school to be "th
William Warren Bradley is an American politician and former professional basketball player. He served three terms as a Democratic U. S. Senator from New Jersey, he ran unsuccessfully for the Democratic Party's nomination for president in the 2000 election. Bradley was raised in Crystal City, Missouri, a small town 45 miles south of St. Louis, he excelled at basketball from an early age. He was an all-county and all-state basketball player in high school, he declined them all to attend Princeton University. He earned a gold medal as a member of the 1964 Olympic basketball team and was the NCAA Player of the Year in 1965, when Princeton finished third in the NCAA Tournament. After graduating in 1965, he attended Oxford on a Rhodes Scholarship, delaying a decision for two years on whether or not to play in the National Basketball Association. While at Oxford, Bradley played one season of professional basketball in Europe, decided to join the New York Knicks in the 1967–68 season, after serving six months in the Air Force Reserve.
He spent his entire ten-year professional basketball career playing for the Knicks, winning two championship titles. Retiring in 1977, he ran for a seat in the United States Senate the following year, from his adopted home state of New Jersey, he was re-elected in 1984 and 1990, left the Senate in 1997, was an unsuccessful candidate for the 2000 Democratic presidential nomination. Bradley is the author of seven non-fiction books, most We Can All Do Better, hosts a weekly radio show, American Voices, on Sirius Satellite Radio, he is a corporate director of Starbucks and a partner at investment bank Allen & Company in New York City. Bradley is a member of the ReFormers Caucus of Issue One, he serves on that group's Advisory Board. In 2008 Bradley was inducted into the New Jersey Hall of Fame. Bradley was born on July 28, 1943 in Crystal City, the only child of Warren, who despite leaving high school after a year had become a bank president, Susan "Susie" Bradley, a teacher and former high school-basketball player.
Politicians and politics were standard dinner-table topics in Bradley's childhood, he described his father as a "solid Republican", an elector for Thomas E. Dewey in the 1948 presidential election. An active Boy Scout, he became member of the Order of the Arrow. Bradley began playing basketball at the age of nine, he was a star at Crystal City High School, where he scored 3,068 points in his scholastic career, was twice named All-American, was elected to the Missouri Association of Student Councils. He received 75 college scholarship offers, although he applied to only five schools and only scored a 485 out of 800 on the Verbal portion of the SAT, which—despite being in the top third of all test takers that year—normally would have caused selective schools like Princeton University to reject him. Bradley's basketball ability benefited from his height—5'9" in the 7th grade, 6'1" in the 8th grade, his adult size of 6'5" by the age of 15—and unusually wide peripheral vision, which he worked to improve by focusing on faraway objects while walking.
During his high school years, Bradley maintained a rigorous practice schedule, a habit he carried through college. He would work on the court for "three and a half hours every day after school, nine to five on Saturday, one-thirty to five on Sunday, and, in the summer, about three hours a day, he put ten pounds of lead slivers in his sneakers, set up chairs as opponents and dribbled in a slalom fashion around them, wore eyeglass frames that had a piece of cardboard taped to them so that he could not see the floor, for "a good dribbler never looks at the ball." Bradley was considered to be the top high school basketball player in the country. He chose to attend Duke in the fall of 1961. However, after breaking his foot in the summer of 1961 during a baseball game and thinking about his college decision outside of basketball, Bradley decided to enroll at Princeton due to its record in preparing students for government or United States Foreign Service work, he had been awarded a scholarship at Duke, but not at Princeton.
Bradley's childhood hero Dick Kazmaier had won the Heisman Trophy at Princeton, he wore #42 in his honor. In his freshman year, Bradley averaged more than 30 points per game for the freshman team, at one point making 57 consecutive free throws, breaking a record set by a member of the NBA's Syracuse Nationals; the following year, as a sophomore, he was a varsity starter in Butch van Breda Kolff's first year as coach of the Tigers. In his sophomore year Bradley scored 40 points in an 82–81 loss to St. Joseph's and was named to The Sporting News All-American first team in early 1963; the coach of the St. Louis Hawks believed; the AP and United Press International polls both put Bradley on the second team, establishing him as the top sophomore player in the country. The following year The Sporting News again named him to its All-American team as its only junior, as its player of the year. At the Olympic basketball trials in April 1964, Bradley played guard instead of his usual forward position but was still a top performer.
He was one of three chosen unanimously for the Olympic team, the youngest chosen, the only undergraduate. The Olympic team won its sixth consecutive gold medal; as a senior and team captain in the 1964–1965 season, Bradley became a household name. Only the third tallest on his team, b
Buzz Aldrin is an American engineer and a former astronaut and fighter pilot. As lunar module pilot on the Apollo 11 mission, he and mission commander Neil Armstrong were the first two humans to land on the Moon. Born in Glen Ridge, New Jersey, Aldrin graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1951, with a degree in mechanical engineering, he was commissioned into the United States Air Force, served as a jet fighter pilot during the Korean War. He shot down two MiG-15 aircraft. After earning a Sc. D. degree in astronautics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Aldrin was selected as a member of NASA's Astronaut Group 3, making him the first astronaut with a doctoral degree. His doctoral thesis was Line-of-Sight Guidance Techniques for Manned Orbital Rendezvous, earning him the nickname "Dr. Rendezvous" from fellow astronauts, his first space flight was in 1966 on Gemini 12 during which he spent over five hours on extravehicular activity. Three years Aldrin set foot on the Moon at 03:15:16 on July 21, 1969, nine minutes after Armstrong first touched the surface, while Command Module Pilot Michael Collins remained in lunar orbit.
A Presbyterian elder, Aldrin became the first person to hold a religious ceremony on the Moon when he took communion. Upon leaving NASA in 1971, he became Commandant of the U. S. Air Force Test Pilot School, he retired from the Air Force after 21 years of service. His autobiographies Return to Earth, Magnificent Desolation, recount his struggles with clinical depression and alcoholism in the years after leaving NASA, he continued to advocate for space exploration a human mission to Mars, developed the Aldrin cycler, a special spacecraft trajectory that makes travel to Mars possible using less time and propellant. He has been accorded numerous honors, including the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1969, is listed in several Halls of Fame. Edwin Eugene Aldrin Jr. was born on January 20, 1930, at Mountainside Hospital in Glen Ridge, New Jersey. His parents, Edwin Eugene Aldrin Sr. and Marion Aldrin, lived in New Jersey. His father was an Army aviator during World War I and the assistant commandant of the Army's test pilot school at McCook Field, from 1919 to 1922, but left the Army in 1928 and became an executive at Standard Oil.
Aldrin had two siblings, both sisters: Madeleine, four years older, Fay Ann, a year and a half older. His nickname, which became his legal first name in 1988, arose as a result of Fay's mispronouncing "brother" as "buzzer", shortened to "Buzz", he was a Boy Scout, with the rank of Tenderfoot Scout. Aldrin did well in school, he played football and was the starting center for Montclair High School's undefeated 1946 state champion team. His father wanted him to go to the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis and enrolled him at nearby Severn School, a preparatory school for Annapolis and secured him an appointment from Albert W. Hawkes, one of the United States Senators from New Jersey. Aldrin had other ideas about his future career, he suffered from considered ships a distraction from flying airplanes. He faced down his father and told him to ask Hawkes to change the nomination to the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York. Aldrin entered West Point in 1947, he did well academically.
He was a member of the academy field team. In 1950 he traveled with a group of West Point cadets to Japan and the Philippines to study the military government policies of Douglas MacArthur. During his trip, the Korean War broke out. On June 5, 1951, he graduated third in the class of 1951 with a Bachelor of Science degree; as one of the highest-ranking members of the class, Aldrin had his choice of assignments. He chose the United States Air Force, which had become a separate service in 1947 while Aldrin was still at West Point and did not yet have its own academy, he was commissioned as a second lieutenant, underwent basic flight training in T-6 Texans at Bartow Air Base in Florida. His classmates included Sam Johnson, who became a prisoner of war in Vietnam. At one point, Aldrin suffered a grayout, he recovered in time averting what would have been a fatal crash. When deciding what sort of aircraft he should fly, his father advised him to choose bombers, because command of a bomber crew gave an opportunity to learn and hone leadership skills, which could open up better prospects for career advancement.
Aldrin chose instead to fly fighters. He moved to Nellis Air Force Base in Las Vegas, where he learned to fly the F-80 Shooting Star and the F-86 Sabre. Like most jet fighter pilots of the era, he preferred the latter. In December 1952, Aldrin was assigned to the 16th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, part of the 51st Fighter-Interceptor Wing. At the time it was based at Suwon Air Base, about 20 miles south of Seoul, was engaged in combat operations as part of the Korean War. During an acclimatization flight his main fuel system froze at 100 percent power, which would have soon used up all his fuel, he was able to override the setting manually, but this required holding a button down, which in turn made it impossible to use his radio. He managed to make it back under enforced radio silence, he shot down two MiG-15 aircraft. The first Mig-15 he shot down was on May 14, 1953. Aldrin was flying about 5 miles south of the Yalu River
Howard Brush Dean III is an American physician and retired politician who served as Governor of Vermont from 1991 to 2003 and Chair of the Democratic National Committee from 2005 to 2009 and works as a political consultant and commentator. Dean was a candidate for the Democratic nomination in the 2004 presidential election, his implementation of the fifty-state strategy as head of the DNC is credited with the Democratic victories in the 2006 and 2008 elections. Afterward, he became a political commentator and consultant to McKenna Long & Aldridge, a law and lobbying firm, he was the Lieutenant Governor of Vermont from 1987 to 1991, a member of the Vermont House of Representatives from 1983 to 1986. In the 2004 election, Dean was the top fundraiser and front runner, prior to the Iowa caucus, for the Democratic Party presidential nomination. Although his presidential campaign was unsuccessful, Dean pioneered Internet-based fundraising and grassroots organizing, centered on mass appeal to small donors, more cost efficient than the more expensive contacting of fewer potential larger donors, promotes active participatory democracy among the general public.
He used these methods when founding Democracy for America, a progressive political action committee, in 2004. Before entering politics, Dean earned his medical degree from the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in 1978. Dean was elected to the Vermont House of Representatives as a Democrat in 1982 and was elected lieutenant governor in 1986. Both were part-time positions. In 1991, Dean became governor of Vermont. Dean was subsequently elected to five two-year terms, serving from 1991 to 2003, making him the second longest-serving governor in Vermont history, after Thomas Chittenden. Dean served as chairman of the National Governors Association from 1994 to 1995. Dean oversaw the expansion of the "Dr. Dynasaur" program, which ensures universal health care for children and pregnant women in the state, he is a noted staunch supporter of universal health care. Dean called on Democrats to oppose the Bush administration. Dean showed fundraising ability, was a pioneer of political fundraising via the Internet.
Dean formed the organization Democracy for America and was elected chairman of the Democratic National Committee in February 2005. As chairman of the party, Dean created and employed the 50 State Strategy that attempted to make Democrats competitive in conservative states dismissed in the past as "solid red"; the success of the strategy became apparent after the 2006 midterm elections, where Democrats took back the House and picked up seats in the Senate from Republican states such as Missouri and Montana. In the 2008 presidential election, Barack Obama used the 50 state strategy as the backbone of his candidacy. Dean was named chairman emeritus of the DNC upon his retirement, he was mentioned as a possible candidate for Secretary of Health and Human Services and Surgeon General under the Obama administration. Since retiring from the DNC chairman position, Dean has held neither elected office nor an official position in the Democratic Party and, as of 2015, was working for global law firm Dentons as part of the firm's public policy and regulation practice.
In 2013, Dean expressed interest in running for the presidency in 2016, but published an op-ed in December 2014 in which he outlined why he would support former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton should she decide to run for president, which she did in April 2015. Dean endorsed Clinton over her competitor Senator Bernie Sanders in spite of the fact that Sanders represented the state of Vermont, where Dean had been governor. Dean was born in East Hampton, New York, to Andrée Belden, an art appraiser, Howard Brush Dean, Jr. an executive in the financial industry. He is the eldest of four brothers, including Jim Dean, Chair of Democracy for America, Charles Dean, captured by the Pathet Lao and executed by the North Vietnamese while traveling through Southeast Asia in 1974. Howard's father worked at the stock brokerage firm of Dean Witter; the family was quite wealthy and belonged to the exclusive Maidstone Golf Club in East Hampton. As a child he spent much of his time growing up in East Hampton.
There the boys– Howard, Charlie and Bill– "rode bikes, played with a model train set, built elaborate underground forts." While in New York, the family had a three-bedroom apartment on the Upper East Side along Park Avenue. Howard attended the Browning School in Manhattan until he was 13, went to St. George's School, a preparatory school in Middletown, Rhode Island. In September 1966, he attended Felsted School, UK, for one school year after winning an English Speaking Union scholarship. Political opponents have been reluctant to seize upon Dean's privileged early life. UPI quoted one of Dean's friends in his youth as saying, "By Hamptons standards, the Deans were not rich. No safaris in Africa or chalets in Switzerland. Howard's father went to work every day, he didn't own a company, or have a father or grandfather who founded one, as mine did." Peggy Noonan wrote in the Wall Street Journal that he doesn't seem like a WASP. I know it's not nice to deal in stereotypes, but there seems little Thurston Howell, III, or George Bush, the elder, for that matter, in Mr. Dean....
He seems unpolished, doesn't hide his aggres
Central Texas is a region in the U. S. state of Texas surrounding Austin and bordered by Brady to Brenham to Seguin to Waco. Central Texas contains the Texas Hill Country and corresponds to a physiographic section designation within the Edwards Plateau, in a geographic context. Central Texas includes the Austin–Round Rock, Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood, Bryan–College Station, Waco metropolitan areas; the Austin–Round Rock and Killeen-Temple-Fort Hood areas are among the fastest-growing metropolitan areas in the state. Some of the largest cities in the region are Austin, College Station, Round Rock, Waco; the United States Army's Fort Hood, a large military installation, is located in this region. The counties that are always included in the Central Texas region are: Counties that are sometimes included in the Central Texas region are: List of geographical regions in Texas Texas Hill Country Edwards Plateau Llano Estacado Barkley, Mary Starr. A History of Central Texas. Austin, Texas: Austin Printing.
Fredericksburg, Texas Chamber of Commerce "Celebrate Diversity in Central Texas." Austin American-Statesman