Gregg County, Texas
Gregg County is a county located in the eastern part of the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 121,730, its county seat is Longview. The county is named after John Gregg, a Confederate general killed in action during the American Civil War. Gregg County is part of the Longview, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Longview–Marshall, TX Combined Statistical Area. Discovery of oil near Kilgore, Texas in October 1920 was the beginning of an oil boom that attracted workers to the county and expanded the population by more than 500% by 1940, according to the census. By that time, the economy had stabilized but the East Texas Oil Field, extending in five counties, has continued to be important to the county and region's economy; this area was among early sections settled by United States immigrants before Texas became an independent republic and, after 1848, a state of the United States. It was an area developed as cotton plantations dependent on slave labor of African Americans.
Lumbering of the pine forests was pursued in the early years of clearing the land for cultivation. Gregg County was organized in 1873 after the American Civil War from portions of existing counties; when the Texas State Legislature convened in January 1873, Democratic representative B. W. Brown of Upshur County introduced a bill to create a new county from parts of Harrison and Upshur counties, he was trying to break up the black majority that dominated county politics in Harrison County. Under Brown's proposal, the county was to be named Roanoke, Longview was to be the county seat; the proposed name was changed to honor Texas leader and Confederate General John Gregg, the county seat was determined by popular election. Harrison and Rusk counties resisted efforts to have portions of their territory assigned to Gregg County; when Gregg County was created, it first consisted of 143 square miles taken from Upshur County, the Sabine River was its southern boundary. In April 1874 about 141 square miles south of the Sabine River in Rusk County was added to Gregg County.
The third portion, of about 145 square miles to be taken from Harrison County, was never realized. Many of its voters continued to elect Republicans to county offices. By 1919 the county population was a total of 16,700, of which 8,160, or forty-eight percent, was black. Most were sharecroppers or tenant farmers raising cotton as a commodity crop. Members of the Negro Business League set up a cooperative store in Longview to compete with white merchants and offer African-American residents more choices for purchases. Beginning July 10, the town had a short-lived Longview Race Riot in which one black man was killed, several black homes and properties were burned, it was quelled when the sheriff asked for other law enforcement. They established military occupation. Agricultural work declined during the Great Depression of the 1930s, many African Americans continued to leave in the Great Migration north to find other work. In October 1930, oil was discovered in Texas near Kilgore; the county economy was booming, the East Texas Oil Field attracted so many workers that county population increased by more than 500% by 1940.
Growth stabilized. County demographics changed. In the early 21st century less than 20% of the population is African American. Texas Attorney General John Ben Shepperd, who served from 1953-1957, maintained a ranch in Gregg County near his native Gladewater, he served on the Gregg County Commissioners Court for a brief period in 1949. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 276 square miles, of which 273 square miles is land and 2.5 square miles is water. Interstate 20 U. S. Highway 80 U. S. Highway 259 U. S. Highway 271 State Highway 31 State Highway 42 Upshur County Harrison County Rusk County Smith County As of the census of 2000, there were 111,379 people, 42,687 households, 29,667 families residing in the county; the population density was 406 people per square mile. There were 46,349 housing units at an average density of 169 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 72.89% White, 19.86% Black or African American, 0.52% Native American, 0.68% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 4.55% from other races, 1.49% from two or more races.
9.14% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 42,687 households out of which 33.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.00% were married couples living together, 13.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.50% were non-families. 26.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.06. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.70% under the age of 18, 10.30% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, 13.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $35,006, the median income for a family was $42,617. Males had a median income of $33,186 versus $21,432 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,449.
About 12.00% of families and 15.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.50% of those under age 18 and 11.40% of those age 65 or over. The following school districts serve Gregg County: Gladewater ISD Kil
Rusk County, Texas
Rusk County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 53,330, its county seat is Henderson. The county is named for a secretary of war of the Republic of Texas. Rusk County is part of the Longview, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Longview–Marshall, TX Combined Statistical Area. Rusk County is represented by Bryan Hughes, a Republican from Mineola, Texas, in the Texas State Senator for Senate District 1, which includes Rusk County. Travis Clardy, a Republican from Nacogdoches, is the Texas State Representative for House District 11, which includes Rusk County. Trent Ashby, a Republican from Lufkin, born in Rusk County in 1972, represents District 57, which includes Angelina and several other rural East Texas counties. Prior to Texas annexation in 1845, the land while from time to time occupied by Caddoan peoples, was unpopulated until 1819 when Cherokee Indians, led by The Bowl settled in what is now Rusk County; the Treaty of Bowles Village on February 23, 1836 between the Republic of Texas and the Cherokee and twelve affiliated tribes, gave parts of western Rusk County along with parts of today's Gregg and Van Zandt counties, in addition to the whole areas of Cherokee and Smith counties to the tribes.
They remained on these lands until the Cherokee War in the summer of 1839. Thus the Cherokee were driven out of Rusk County only to return in 1844 and 1845 with the purchase of 10,000 aces of land by Benjamin Franklin Thompson a white man married to a Cherokee; this established the Mount Tabor Indian Community, some six miles south of present day Kilgore that spread to incorporate areas near Troup and Overton, Texas. Organized as a part of Nacogdoches County, Rusk was established as its own county by the Congress of the Republic of Texas on January 16, 1843. By 1850, it was the second-most populous county in Texas of the 78 counties, organized at that time, according to the 1850 census. Rusk County's population was 8,148 then. With the discovery of oil in Joinerville in October 1930, an oil boom began that caused county population to nearly double during the next decade, caused dramatic changes in the county towns. Rusk is one of the five counties that are part of the East Texas Oil Field, whose production has been a major part of the economy since that time.
Rusk County was one of 25 dry counties in Texas until January 2012. The city of Henderson at that time opted to allow serving beer and wine. Sadly, America's worst school disaster happened in Rusk County in 1937, when nearly 300 people, most of them children, were killed in a natural gas explosion at the London Independent School District. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 938 square miles, of which 924 square miles is land and 14 square miles is covered by water. U. S. Highway 79 U. S. Highway 84 U. S. Highway 259 State Highway 42 State Highway 43 State Highway 64 State Highway 149 State Highway 315 State Highway 322 State Highway 323 Gregg County Harrison County Panola County Shelby County Nacogdoches County Cherokee County Smith County As of the census of 2000, 47,372 people, 17,364 households, 12,727 families resided in the county; the population density was 51 people per square mile. The 19,867 housing units averaged 22 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 74.89% White, 19.21% Black or African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 4.22% from other races, 1.09% from two or more races.
About 8.44% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the 17,364 households, 32.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.20% were married couples living together, 11.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.70% were not families. About 24.20% of all households was made up of individuals and 12.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.05. In the county, the population was distributed as 24.90% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 27.80% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, 15.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 104.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.10 males. The median income for a household in the county was $32,898, for a family was $39,185. Males had a median income of $30,956 versus $19,749 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,674. About 10.90% of families and 14.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.80% of those under age 18 and 13.00% of those age 65 or over.
The following school districts serve Rusk County: Rusk County's first authorized school was the Rusk County Academy. Lake Cherokee National Register of Historic Places listings in Rusk County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Rusk County Mount Tabor Indian Community Rusk County government's website Historic materials about Rusk County, hosted by the Portal to Texas History Rusk County from the Handbook of Texas Online Rusk County Sons of Confederate VeteransThe above website shut down, their new site can be found *Here Rusk County Sheriff's Office Rusk County Airport Mount Tabor Indian Community tribal government website
U.S. Route 59
U. S. Route 59 is a north–south United States highway. A latecomer to the U. S. numbered route system, US 59 is now a border-to-border route, part of NAFTA Corridor Highway System. It parallels U. S. Route 75 for nearly its entire route, never much more than 100 miles away, until it veers southwest in Houston, Texas, its number is out of place since US 59 is either concurrent with or west of U. S. Route 71; the highway's northern terminus is nine miles north of Lancaster, Minnesota, at the Canada–US border, where it continues as Manitoba Highway 59. Its southern terminus is at the Mexico–US border in Laredo, where it continues as Mexican Federal Highway 85D. U. S. Highway 59 in the U. S. state of Texas is named the Lloyd Bentsen Highway, after Lloyd Bentsen, former U. S. Senator from Texas. In northern Houston, US 59, co-signed with Interstate 69, is the Eastex Freeway. To the south, co-signed with I-69, it is the Southwest Freeway, one of the busiest sections of freeway in the United States with a vehicle count, as of 2006, over 330,000 vehicles per day just outside the Loop.
US 59 straddles the border between Texas and Arkansas north of I-30 near Texarkana, with the east side of the highway on the Arkansas side and the west side of the highway on the Texas side. In the past, both highways remained on the border past I-30 as State Line Avenue to downtown Texarkana. Nearly 90% of this route is designated to become part of I-69 in the future. 75 mph speed limits are allowed on US 59 in Duval County and portions of northern Polk County. From the southwestern suburbs of Houston to Downtown Houston, U. S. 59 is referred to as the "Southwest Freeway," sometimes derisively as the "Southwest's Best Freeway." Supporting 371,000 vehicles per day, it is one of the busiest freeways in the United States. U. S. 59 is known as the "Eastex Freeway" in the north/northeast part of the Houston region. At the Mexico -- US border, it ends at the World Trade International Bridge in Texas. In Laredo, U. S. 59 is co-signed with both Interstate 69W and Loop 20 and has an intersection with Interstate 35 which ends at the Juarez-Lincoln International Bridge.
After crossing the bridge into Mexico, Interstate 35 continues as Mexican Federal Highway 85 in Nuevo Laredo which runs through Mexico and Central America and ends in Panama at the Panama Canal. In Arkansas, US 59 is concurrent with U. S. Route 71 from Interstate 30 at Texarkana to Acorn, with U. S. Route 270 from Acorn to the Oklahoma state line; the Third Loop was to be Extended on Interstate 49 from its original northern end to US-71 at the Texas state line opened on May 15, 2013 and was extended to State Line Road, where it intersects US-59 and US-71 in Texas. US 59 and U. S. Route 412 are co-signed for 10 miles in Oklahoma. US 59 is co-signed with U. S. Route 270 from the Arkansas State Line to Heavener and U. S. Route 271 from Poteau to west of Spiro, it is co-signed with U. S. Route 64 in Sallisaw. U. S. 59 runs nearly directly north across the state. U. S. 59 runs concurrently with U. S. 169 starting about five miles south of Garnett and diverges north again south of Garnett. The intersection south of Garnett used to be a "braided" intersection with stop and yield signs.
It was identified as a high crash location in 2001, was rebuilt as a roundabout that opened in April 2006. The Kansas Department of Transportation is rebuilding or planning to rebuild several other rural intersections as roundabouts for increased safety; until 2012 US 59 passed through Ottawa and had to be shut down or detoured every time the Marias Des Cygnes floodwall gates were closed across the highway. The highway now bypasses around Ottawa, running concurrently with Interstate 35 for five miles and utilizing that highway's bridges over the Marias Des Cygnes. US 59 passes through Lawrence; the street name of US 59 in Lawrence is Iowa Street 6th Street as it joins U. S. 40 and jogs east to cross the Kansas River near downtown. North of the U. S. 40 and 59 Bridges, it splits with U. S. 40 as it joins U. S. 24 and jogs back west before resuming a northerly course. It continues north to Nortonville northeast to Atchison, where it crosses the Missouri River over the Amelia Earhart Bridge. U. S. 59 has been rebuilt and rerouted just to the east between Lawrence and Ottawa as a divided highway, as the former road was one of the most dangerous stretches of highway in the state.
The project began in mid 2007 and was completed and opened to the public on October 17, 2012. In Missouri, US 59 follows the Missouri River in the northwest corner of the state, from its entrance at Winthrop. In Saint Joseph the highway is paired with Interstate 229 through downtown. US 59 departs from I-229 as Saint Joseph Avenue, joining with U. S. Route 71 at Interstate 29; the two highways separate in Savannah. US 59 follows Interstate 29 closely until turning northward at Craig, it exits the state 10 miles north of Tarkio. This section of US 59 is immortalized in the Brewer and Shipley song "Tarkio Road". In Iowa, US 59 is a main north–south artery in the western part of the state, it junctions Interstate 80 at Avoca. It passes through the county seats of Harlan, Denison and Primghar. Except for small stretches of expressway near Avoca and Holstein, the entire length of US 59 in Iowa is an undivided two-lane road. US 59 exits the state near Hawkeye Point, the highest p
Interstate 20 in Texas
Interstate 20 in Texas is a major east–west Interstate Highway in the Southern United States, running east from a junction with Interstate 10 east of Kent, through the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex to the border with Louisiana near Waskom, Texas. The original distance of Interstate 20 was 647 miles from I-10 to the Louisiana border, reduced to the current distance of 636 miles with the rerouting of I-20 in the 1980s and 1990s. I-20 is known as the Ronald Reagan Memorial Highway within the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex. Interstate 20 in Texas was designated in 1959, was to replace or run parallel to U. S. Route 80. Initial construction began from east to as bypass loops around larger cities. On October 1, 1964, I-20 was rerouted. By 1967, the highway was complete from the Louisiana border to the western side of Fort Worth on a route to the south of US 80, with slower construction in the lesser populated areas of West Texas concurrent with US 80. On December 2, 1971, I-20 was rerouted across the southern side of the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex, with the old section through downtown Dallas and Fort Worth being redesignated as Interstate 30.
In 1991, the entire concurrent designation of US 80 was removed from the I-10 interchange to Dallas. I-20 begins at a junction with I-10 in a desolate region of West Texas about 6 miles east of the town of Kent. I-20 leaves the interchange with I-10 with a speed limit of 80 until Milemarker 89. Interstate 20 generally heads to the east-northeast passing by the cities of Odessa and Midland while transitioning from the West Texas desert to the prairie. I-20 runs concurrently with the La Entrada al Pacífico corridor from its junction with US 385 in Odessa to its junction with FM 1788 near Midland International Airport. Near Sweetwater, I-20 begins to head east. In Abilene, I-20 curves towards the north and transverses the northern part of the city while forming the northern arc of the loop around the city. I-20 continues heading east from Abilene until the town of Eastland when I-20 takes a more northeasterly route towards Weatherford while transitioning from the West Texas prairie to the central plains of North Texas as the terrain grows hilly.
In Weatherford, I-20 again heads back towards the east as it heads towards the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex. I-20 interchanges with I-30 west of Fort Worth with I-30 heading I-20 to the southeast. I-20 heads back towards the east when it interchanges with Interstate 820. I-20 forms the southern arc of the complete loop around the city of Fort Worth, serves as the southernmost west–east freeway in the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex. Interchanging with I-35W south of downtown Fort Worth, I-20 heads east towards Dallas passing through Arlington, where it is known as the Ronald Reagan Memorial Highway. From Arlington, I-20 passes into Dallas County at Grand Prairie and heads east in to Dallas, interchanging with I-35E south of downtown and I-45 shortly after. I-20 intersects with I-635 on Dallas' southeast side before heading east towards East Texas; the interstate varies from 4 to 10 lanes from its I-30 junction near Weatherford to its US-80 junction near Terrell. I-20 leaves the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex and heads to the east-southeast through East Texas.
I-20 begins heading to the east. The intersection of I-20 at US 69 in Lindale just north of Tyler is the highest traffic count intersection on I-20 east of Terrell to the Louisiana state line. From Lindale, I-20 continues east, going through the piney woods region of East Texas intersecting US 259 with Kilgore to the south and Longview to the north and US 59 future I-369 with Marshall just to the north and Texarkana further north along US 59 future I-369. I-20 leaves the state of Texas near Waskom and just west of the Shreveport, Bossier City, Louisiana area. Interstate 20 has one auxiliary route in Texas. Interstate 820 is a 35.2-mile loop around the city of Fort Worth. I-20 absorbed the southern section as part of its relocation to the south and I-30 being extended westward over the old alignment of I-20 through the center of town. All of the business loops within Texas are maintained by the Texas Department of Transportation. Interstate 20 has fifteen business loops in all located in western Texas.
Along I-20, TxDOT identifies each business route as Business Interstate 20 followed by an alphabetic suffix. Along Texas Interstates, the alphabetic suffixes on business route names ascend eastward and northward. There are gaps in the alphabetic values to allow for future system expansion; the alphabetic naming suffixes are included as small letters on the bottom of route shields. Texas State Loop 254 takes the place of a business route in Ranger and follows the original route of U. S. Route 80. I-20 business routes in Texas follow the path of the former US 80 through the central portions of towns now bypassed by the Interstate route. U. S. Roads portal Texas portal I-20 info page -- from dfwfreeways.info
Daingerfield is a city in Morris County, United States. The population was 2,560 at the 2010 census, it is the county seat of Morris County. Ernest Wallace, historian of the South Plains, the Comanche Indians, the State of Texas, was born in Daingerfield; the bluegrass instrumental tune Old Dangerfield by Bill Monroe was named after the town of Daingerfield. Daingerfield is located at 33°1′51″N 94°43′28″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.4 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,517 people, 957 households, 694 families residing in the town; the population density was 1,043.0 people per square mile. There were 1,119 housing units at an average density of 463.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 67.5% White, 26.1% African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 3.8% from other races, 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.3% of the population. There were 957 households out of which 36.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 19.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.4% were non-families.
25.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.02. In the town the population was spread out with 29.0% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 25.5% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 84.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.2 males. The median income for a household in the town was $28,333, the median income for a family was $31,625. Males had a median income of $31,154 versus $19,196 for females; the per capita income for the town was $13,689. About 20.8% of families and 23.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.1% of those under age 18 and 11.1% of those age 65 or over. Daingerfield-Lone Star Independent School District is a school district based in Daingerfield, Texas. Located in Morris County, a small portion of the district extends into Titus County.
The district has four schools in Daingerfield including Daingerfield High School. The school district was rated Academically Acceptable in its 2009 TEA accountability rating. First Baptist Church mass murder Daingerfield-Lone Star ISD factfinder.census.gov
Mount Enterprise, Texas
Mount Enterprise is a city in Rusk County, United States. The population was 447 at the 2010 census; the city of Mount Enterprise, located south of Henderson in rural Rusk County, was named for a small elevation near the town and for the business enterprise of the Vinson brothers, who settled it in 1832. The town owes its existence to the presence of promising iron ore in the area. Charles Vinson considered the "old mountain" nearby to be an "iron mountain," and he was not far off the mark. However, Vinson's real enterprise came in the form of retailing, his factory made wagons, furniture, caskets, a patented churn. He launched a chain of stores to sell these things operating out of Mount Enterprise and at one time had four stores. Lumbering was an early industry of Mount Enterprise. There were numerous plantations in the area before the Civil War. In 1846 the Mulberry Grove post office was established with Henry Henson as postmaster. Three years the name was changed to Mount Enterprise. Mount Enterprise Male and Female College was begun in 1851, it lasted until 1855.
In 1853 Mount Enterprise Male and Female Academy was established. In 1880 the town had three sawmills, a hotel, two cotton gins, a school, three churches, a population of 150. In 1894 the Caro Northern Railway was chartered to operate as a logging road between Mount Enterprise and Caro, in Nacogdoches County, a distance of little over 16 miles; the railroad, which connected Mount Enterprise with the Texas and New Orleans Railroad, came to within a mile of Mount Enterprise, the town moved to the railroad. It became the new Mount Enterprise, the old location was called the old Mount Enterprise; the railroad was abandoned in 1934, but by 1939 the town had incorporated and still had a number of businesses, a bank, a post office, a newspaper, a population of 920. After 1940 the population declined to 485 in 1982, when the town had a bank, a post office, fifteen businesses. In 1990 the population was 501; the population has since dropped to 447 according to the 2010 census. Mount Enterprise is located at 31°54′57″N 94°40′54″W.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.5 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 525 people, 206 households, 155 families residing in the city; the population density was 355.9 people per square mile. There were 241 housing units at an average density of 163.4/sq mi. The racial makeup of the city was 91.05% White, 8.19% African American, 0.76% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.71% of the population. There were 206 households out of which 30.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.6% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.3% were non-families. 21.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 2.97. In the city, the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 22.5% from 45 to 64, 18.5% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.4 males. The median income for a household in the city was $25,577, the median income for a family was $31,719. Males had a median income of $27,083 versus $20,125 for females; the per capita income for the city was $13,165. About 18.1% of families and 22.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.9% of those under age 18 and 9.7% of those age 65 or over. The City of Mount Enterprise is served by the Mount Enterprise Independent School District
Texas State Highway 322
State Highway 322 or SH 322 is a Texas state highway that runs from Henderson north to Interstate 20 near Longview. This route was designated on October 1939 from Henderson to the Rusk/Gregg County Line. On February 11, 1944, SH 322 extended north to SH 149. On September 14, 1944, SH 322 extended to the traffic circle northeast of Henderson. On June 1, 1967, SH 322 extended northward to I-20. SH 322 begins at a junction with US 259 in Henderson, it heads northeast from this junction to an intersection with FM 850. The highway continues to the northeast to an intersection with FM 1249. Heading towards the north, the highway continues to a junction with FM 2011; the highway continues to the north to an intersection with FM 2204. It continues to the north to a junction with FM 349 in Lakeport; as the highway continues to the northeast, it intersects SH 149 in Lakeport. SH 320 and SH 149 begin to run concurrently to the north. SH 322 reaches its northern terminus at I-20 in Longview; the roadway continues to the north as Loop 281