Interstate 20 in Texas
Interstate 20 in Texas is a major east–west Interstate Highway in the Southern United States, running east from a junction with Interstate 10 east of Kent, through the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex to the border with Louisiana near Waskom, Texas. The original distance of Interstate 20 was 647 miles from I-10 to the Louisiana border, reduced to the current distance of 636 miles with the rerouting of I-20 in the 1980s and 1990s. I-20 is known as the Ronald Reagan Memorial Highway within the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex. Interstate 20 in Texas was designated in 1959, was to replace or run parallel to U. S. Route 80. Initial construction began from east to as bypass loops around larger cities. On October 1, 1964, I-20 was rerouted. By 1967, the highway was complete from the Louisiana border to the western side of Fort Worth on a route to the south of US 80, with slower construction in the lesser populated areas of West Texas concurrent with US 80. On December 2, 1971, I-20 was rerouted across the southern side of the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex, with the old section through downtown Dallas and Fort Worth being redesignated as Interstate 30.
In 1991, the entire concurrent designation of US 80 was removed from the I-10 interchange to Dallas. I-20 begins at a junction with I-10 in a desolate region of West Texas about 6 miles east of the town of Kent. I-20 leaves the interchange with I-10 with a speed limit of 80 until Milemarker 89. Interstate 20 generally heads to the east-northeast passing by the cities of Odessa and Midland while transitioning from the West Texas desert to the prairie. I-20 runs concurrently with the La Entrada al Pacífico corridor from its junction with US 385 in Odessa to its junction with FM 1788 near Midland International Airport. Near Sweetwater, I-20 begins to head east. In Abilene, I-20 curves towards the north and transverses the northern part of the city while forming the northern arc of the loop around the city. I-20 continues heading east from Abilene until the town of Eastland when I-20 takes a more northeasterly route towards Weatherford while transitioning from the West Texas prairie to the central plains of North Texas as the terrain grows hilly.
In Weatherford, I-20 again heads back towards the east as it heads towards the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex. I-20 interchanges with I-30 west of Fort Worth with I-30 heading I-20 to the southeast. I-20 heads back towards the east when it interchanges with Interstate 820. I-20 forms the southern arc of the complete loop around the city of Fort Worth, serves as the southernmost west–east freeway in the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex. Interchanging with I-35W south of downtown Fort Worth, I-20 heads east towards Dallas passing through Arlington, where it is known as the Ronald Reagan Memorial Highway. From Arlington, I-20 passes into Dallas County at Grand Prairie and heads east in to Dallas, interchanging with I-35E south of downtown and I-45 shortly after. I-20 intersects with I-635 on Dallas' southeast side before heading east towards East Texas; the interstate varies from 4 to 10 lanes from its I-30 junction near Weatherford to its US-80 junction near Terrell. I-20 leaves the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex and heads to the east-southeast through East Texas.
I-20 begins heading to the east. The intersection of I-20 at US 69 in Lindale just north of Tyler is the highest traffic count intersection on I-20 east of Terrell to the Louisiana state line. From Lindale, I-20 continues east, going through the piney woods region of East Texas intersecting US 259 with Kilgore to the south and Longview to the north and US 59 future I-369 with Marshall just to the north and Texarkana further north along US 59 future I-369. I-20 leaves the state of Texas near Waskom and just west of the Shreveport, Bossier City, Louisiana area. Interstate 20 has one auxiliary route in Texas. Interstate 820 is a 35.2-mile loop around the city of Fort Worth. I-20 absorbed the southern section as part of its relocation to the south and I-30 being extended westward over the old alignment of I-20 through the center of town. All of the business loops within Texas are maintained by the Texas Department of Transportation. Interstate 20 has fifteen business loops in all located in western Texas.
Along I-20, TxDOT identifies each business route as Business Interstate 20 followed by an alphabetic suffix. Along Texas Interstates, the alphabetic suffixes on business route names ascend eastward and northward. There are gaps in the alphabetic values to allow for future system expansion; the alphabetic naming suffixes are included as small letters on the bottom of route shields. Texas State Loop 254 takes the place of a business route in Ranger and follows the original route of U. S. Route 80. I-20 business routes in Texas follow the path of the former US 80 through the central portions of towns now bypassed by the Interstate route. U. S. Roads portal Texas portal I-20 info page -- from dfwfreeways.info
Texas state highway system
Texas state highways are a network of highways owned and maintained by the U. S. state of Texas. The Texas Department of Transportation is the state agency responsible for the day-to-day operations and maintenance of the system. Texas has the largest state highway system, followed by North Carolina's state highway system. In addition to the nationally numbered Interstate Highways and U. S. Highways, the highway system consists of a main network of state highways, loops and beltways that provide local access to the other highways; the system includes a large network of farm to market roads that connect rural areas of the state with urban areas and the rest of the state highway system. The state owns and maintains some park and recreational roads located near and within state and national parks, as well as recreational areas. All state highways, regardless of classification, are paved roads; the Old San Antonio Road known as the El Camino Real, is the oldest highway in the United States, first being blazed in 1691.
The length of the highways varies from US 83's 893.4 miles inside the state borders to Spur 200 at just 0.05 miles long. The Texas State Highway System can trace its roots to the establishment of the Texas Highway Department on April 4, 1917. Administrative control of the department was given to a three-member commission appointed by the governor for two-year terms. On June 21, 1917, the commission conducted its first public hearing to solicit input on potential highway routes; the committee divided the state into six divisions to be headquartered in Amarillo, Fort Worth, San Angelo, San Antonio. That year, the commission designated 26 state highways covering 8,865 miles which were to be accessible to 89% of the state's population. In 1921, Congress amended the Federal Aid to Roads Act of 1916 to require the states to take control of road design and maintenance of state highways by 1925; as a result, on January 1, 1924, the Texas Highway Department took full control of maintaining the state highways from the counties within which they resided.
In 1925, the state legislature granted the highway department the responsibility of surveying and building highways, the authorization to acquire new highway rights-of-way by purchasing, or condemning through eminent domain, land required for highway construction. By 1927, the highway system covered 17,960 miles, of which 96 miles were concrete, 1,060 miles were asphalt, 5,000 miles were gravel, shell or stone, 10,000 miles were clay or soil. In 1951, a 50-mile section of the Gulf Freeway opened. In 1957, the state began receiving federal funding for the construction of the Interstate Highway System; the first section of Interstate Highway from county line to county line to open in the state was a 43-mile section of I-35 in Bexar County. By 1967, the highway system controlled 66,000 miles of highway. In 1984, US 66 was replaced by I-40 and the US 66 designation was removed from the state highway system the following year. In 1992, the 3,200 miles of Interstate Highway System in Texas was completed with the opening of a six-mile section of I-27.
In 1997, the Texas Turnpike Authority was merged with TxDOT and independently, the North Texas Turnpike Authority became responsible for toll projects in Collin, Dallas and Tarrant counties. The Interstate Highway System in Texas covers 3,233.4 miles and consists of ten primary highways, seven auxiliary highways, the splitting of both Interstate 35 and Interstate 69 into multiple letter-suffixed branches. The Interstate Highway with the longest segment in Texas is I-10 at 880.6 miles. The shortest in the state is I-110 at 0.9 miles. The construction of the Interstate Highway System in Texas began well before these routes were designated as Interstate Highways. A 50-mile stretch of the Gulf Freeway between Galveston and Houston was opened in 1951, eight years before it was designated I-45, it was the first urban expressway in Texas. In 1962, 43 miles of I-35 opened in Bexar County, the first section of Interstate Highway to open from county line to county line in a large metropolitan area. Portions of I-10 west of San Antonio took much longer to complete due to the vast open spaces and lack of nearby labor.
The majority of the construction of this section of I-10 occurred in the 1970s and 1980s and was complete by the early 1990s. The section east of San Antonio was completed 20 years earlier in 1972; the opening of a 6-mile section of I-27 in 1992 completed the Interstate Highway System in Texas. Construction is ongoing for an extension of I-69 southward from its original terminus in Indiana through Texas to the Mexican border; when built, I-69 will extend about 650 miles across Texas, from the Louisiana state line in the Texarkana–Shreveport area to South Texas. Similar to I-35, I-69 splits into three letter-suffixed branches, I-69E, I-69C, I-69W; the United States Numbered Highways are a nationwide grid of highways, but unlike the Interstate Highway System, there is no minimum design standard for these highways. This is evident as some stretches of the U. S. Highways in Texas are nothing more than a two-lane rural road. Although the U. S. Highways have been replaced for the most part by Interstate Highways for through traffic, the U.
S. Highways still serve as important regional connectors. Several notable examples of U. S. Highways that are built to freeway standards include US 75 and US 80 in Dallas, US 59 and US 290 in Houston, US 90 and US 281 in
Gregg County, Texas
Gregg County is a county located in the eastern part of the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 121,730, its county seat is Longview. The county is named after John Gregg, a Confederate general killed in action during the American Civil War. Gregg County is part of the Longview, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Longview–Marshall, TX Combined Statistical Area. Discovery of oil near Kilgore, Texas in October 1920 was the beginning of an oil boom that attracted workers to the county and expanded the population by more than 500% by 1940, according to the census. By that time, the economy had stabilized but the East Texas Oil Field, extending in five counties, has continued to be important to the county and region's economy; this area was among early sections settled by United States immigrants before Texas became an independent republic and, after 1848, a state of the United States. It was an area developed as cotton plantations dependent on slave labor of African Americans.
Lumbering of the pine forests was pursued in the early years of clearing the land for cultivation. Gregg County was organized in 1873 after the American Civil War from portions of existing counties; when the Texas State Legislature convened in January 1873, Democratic representative B. W. Brown of Upshur County introduced a bill to create a new county from parts of Harrison and Upshur counties, he was trying to break up the black majority that dominated county politics in Harrison County. Under Brown's proposal, the county was to be named Roanoke, Longview was to be the county seat; the proposed name was changed to honor Texas leader and Confederate General John Gregg, the county seat was determined by popular election. Harrison and Rusk counties resisted efforts to have portions of their territory assigned to Gregg County; when Gregg County was created, it first consisted of 143 square miles taken from Upshur County, the Sabine River was its southern boundary. In April 1874 about 141 square miles south of the Sabine River in Rusk County was added to Gregg County.
The third portion, of about 145 square miles to be taken from Harrison County, was never realized. Many of its voters continued to elect Republicans to county offices. By 1919 the county population was a total of 16,700, of which 8,160, or forty-eight percent, was black. Most were sharecroppers or tenant farmers raising cotton as a commodity crop. Members of the Negro Business League set up a cooperative store in Longview to compete with white merchants and offer African-American residents more choices for purchases. Beginning July 10, the town had a short-lived Longview Race Riot in which one black man was killed, several black homes and properties were burned, it was quelled when the sheriff asked for other law enforcement. They established military occupation. Agricultural work declined during the Great Depression of the 1930s, many African Americans continued to leave in the Great Migration north to find other work. In October 1930, oil was discovered in Texas near Kilgore; the county economy was booming, the East Texas Oil Field attracted so many workers that county population increased by more than 500% by 1940.
Growth stabilized. County demographics changed. In the early 21st century less than 20% of the population is African American. Texas Attorney General John Ben Shepperd, who served from 1953-1957, maintained a ranch in Gregg County near his native Gladewater, he served on the Gregg County Commissioners Court for a brief period in 1949. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 276 square miles, of which 273 square miles is land and 2.5 square miles is water. Interstate 20 U. S. Highway 80 U. S. Highway 259 U. S. Highway 271 State Highway 31 State Highway 42 Upshur County Harrison County Rusk County Smith County As of the census of 2000, there were 111,379 people, 42,687 households, 29,667 families residing in the county; the population density was 406 people per square mile. There were 46,349 housing units at an average density of 169 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 72.89% White, 19.86% Black or African American, 0.52% Native American, 0.68% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 4.55% from other races, 1.49% from two or more races.
9.14% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 42,687 households out of which 33.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.00% were married couples living together, 13.50% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.50% were non-families. 26.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.06. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.70% under the age of 18, 10.30% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 21.50% from 45 to 64, 13.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $35,006, the median income for a family was $42,617. Males had a median income of $33,186 versus $21,432 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,449.
About 12.00% of families and 15.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.50% of those under age 18 and 11.40% of those age 65 or over. The following school districts serve Gregg County: Gladewater ISD Kil
Longview is the forty-fifth largest city in the state of Texas. The city is located in Gregg County, of which it is the county seat. Longview is located in East Texas, where Interstate 20 and U. S. Highways 80 and 259 converge just north of the Sabine River. According to the 2010 U. S. census, the city had a population of 80,455. The estimated population in 2017 was 81,522. Longview is the principal city of the Longview metropolitan statistical area, comprising Gregg and Rusk counties; the population of the metropolitan area as of 2017 census estimates is 217,481. Longview became a railroad route in East Texas. Today, Longview is considered a major hub city for the region. In 2014, Forbes magazine ranked Longview as the sixth fastest-growing small city in the United States. Companies with significant presence in Longview are Eastman Chemical and Trinity Rail Group and Consolidated Electrical Distributors. Longview was founded in the 1870s by Sr.. In 1870, Methvin sold 100 acres to the Southern Pacific Railroad for one dollar to persuade them to build their line in the direction of land he owned.
That year, he sold another 100 acres for $500 in gold. He hoped. Methvin coined the name of the town when he stated, "What a long view!" from his home. In June 1871, Longview was incorporated as the first town in Gregg County. In 1884 the elite Mobberly Hotel opened for business servicing the railroad travelers and served as the center of social gatherings for Longview; the hotel featured cherry wood furniture with carved bed posters, marble top wash stands, linen table cloths, electric crystal chandeliers and a fireplace in every room. Mobberly was located in the junction part of town near the train depot; the hotel was destroyed by fire on June 13, 1965. In July 1919, a reporter for The Chicago Defender was in Longview looking into the mysterious death of a black man named Lemuel Walters. An armed white mob attacked a home where the reporter, S. L. Jones, attempted to batter their way in. A gunfight began between the men in the house. Jones made a getaway; the white men began to burn buildings in the black section of the town.
In 1942, construction began on the Big Inch pipeline in Longview. From 1943 to 1945, the pipeline transported over 261,000,000 barrels of crude oil to the East Coast. At the time of construction, Big Inch and its smaller twin, Little Inch, comprised the longest petroleum pipeline built in the world. Both were integral in supplying the United States war effort in World War II. After World War II Longview's population grew from 24,502 to 40,050 in 1960, its growth fueled by migration from rural Gregg County and the annexation of Greggton and Spring Hill. Longview is located at 32°30′33″N 94°45′14″W, it is bordered to the west by the city of White Oak and is surrounded by many other cities and towns, including Kilgore, Gilmer, Ore City, Harleton and Lakeport. It is 37 miles northeast of the sized city of Tyler. Incorporated areas include Spring Hill, Pine Tree and Longview Heights. Winters are mild. Average snowfall is less than 2 inches, with one or two ice storms each winter. Normal highs are from the 50s–60s.
Lows range from the 30s to the 40s. In Longview, the temperature dips below 20 °F and can get as warm as 80 °F during the winter months; the spring season brings storms as a transition from winter to summer. Temperatures range from the 60s to 80s for the high, the 40s to the 60s for the low; the average date of the last frost is April 4. Severe thunderstorms are common during this season; this is the wettest time of year. Summers are humid. Temperatures climb from the 90s to over 100 going into the dog days of summer; this is the sunniest time of year. The heat index can climb to around 110 °F. Fall is marked by the first cold front. Foliage begins to change in late October. Temperatures cool down and dew points drop. In the 2010 census, Longview had a population of 80,455; the median age was 34. The racial and ethnic composition of the population was 56.2% non-Hispanic white, 22.6% non-Hispanic black, 0.5% Native American, 1.4% Asian, 9.5% from some other race, 2.3% from two or more races and 18.0% Hispanic or Latino.
In the census of 2000, 73,344 people, 28,363 households, 19,116 families resided in the city. The population density was 1,341.8 people per square mile. The 30,727 housing units averaged a density of 562.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 70.10% White, 22.11% African American, 0.50% Native American, 0.83% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 4.92% from other races, 1.51% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 10.31% of the population. Of the 28,363 households, 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.6% were not families. About 27.9% of all households were individuals who lived alone, 10.7% of all households were 65 years of age or more and living alone. The average household size was 2.50 a
Henderson is a city in Rusk County, northeast Texas, United States. The population was 13,712 at the 2010 census, it is the county seat of Rusk County. Henderson is named for the first governor of Texas; the city has functioned as a major crossroads in Northeast Texas over the last two centuries. Several major highways pass through the business district of the town, including U. S. Route 259, Texas State Highway 64, U. S. Route 79, Texas State Highway 43, Texas State Highway 42 and Texas State Highway 64. Annual events in the city of Henderson include the Heritage Syrup Festival in November, celebrating the east Texas tradition of syrup making, the East Texas Sacred Harp Convention in August featuring shape note music; the city has a vibrant downtown historic district, with many buildings dating to before the American Civil War. The city has 19 historical markers, including homes dating from the 1880s, colleges. Downtown Henderson is one of the most charming downtowns in the East Texas area. Colorful, canvas awnings highlight the ornate buildings which house Henderson's downtown merchants and offer shade to downtown shoppers visiting the various antiques stores, clothing stores, restaurants lining the Main Streets.
The city of Henderson was established by European Americans. It was developed on land donated by W. B. Ochiltree and James Smith; the First Methodist and First Baptist churches were established in 1845, respectively. The first courthouse, made of wood, was completed in 1849. After the Civil War, the International and Great Northern Railroad crossed through Rusk County but bypassed Henderson. In 1874, the Henderson and Overton Branch Railroad Company built a stretch of railroad connecting Henderson to the tracks running through Overton; this stretch of railroad was sold to the Missouri Pacific Railroad and remains in use to this day. In 1878, a small fire destroyed the courthouse, a brick courthouse was built in its place; this encouraged the construction of several other brick buildings, including the Howard Dickinson House, now a historical site. In 1930, C. M. "Dad" Joiner brought in the Daisy Bradford #3 Discovery Well six miles northwest of Henderson. The discovery of oil in October 1930 created a booming economy in the area, with the population of Henderson increasing from 2,000 to over 10,000 in a few months.
The oil fields in and surrounding Henderson, part of the hugely producing five-county East Texas Oil Field, continue to provide a large part of the wealth of the town and region. During World War II, airmen cadets from the Royal Air Force, flying from their training base at Terrell, Texas flew to Henderson on training flights; the community served as a stand-in for the British for Dunkirk, France, the same distance from London, England as Henderson is from Terrell. On August 5, 1860, a fire burned most of the booming town of Henderson. Forty-three buildings, including two hotels, were destroyed in the fire, for a loss of $220,000. According to the Depot Museum, a man named John Crow recalled the fire as follows: I was about eight years old when Henderson burned. I went to town with my father the day after the fire, it burned every house as well as I recollect, except the Flanagan Brick Building. I remember I was careful not to burn my feet. My father said at the time they thought a fellow named Green Herndon, a union man, had hired a negro woman to burn Henderson.
Herndon was a pronounced opponent of secession. On the negro woman's testimony, a mob gathered, threw a loop around his neck, tied it to a saddle horse which went around the public square dragging Herndon to death, they hung the body to a tree and shot it full of holes... War was in preparation and people were in fits of anger; when the war broke out, the men got all the files they could find and went to the blacksmith shops and made knives and swords. There was much laughter and I remember they said, "We'll whip those damn Yankees with axes and butcher knives. Everyone was anxious to go." 2015 Henderson Tornado On Memorial Day, May 25, 2015, An EF-2 rated. That day, multiple tornadoes had struck other areas in Texas and Oklahoma; the tornado took a path that uprooted trees, damaged buildings, caused minor damage to areas such as downtown. No severe damage was recorded. Henderson is located at 32°9′14″N 94°48′10″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.0 square miles, of which, 11.9 square miles of it is land and 0.1 square miles of it is water.
State Highway 64 State Highway 42 State Highway 43 Highway 259 Highway 79 As of the census of 2000, there were 11,273 people, 4,350 households, 2,971 families residing in the city. The population density was 947.6 people per square mile. There were 4,831 housing units at an average density of 406.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 68.98% White, 22.34% African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.47% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 6.80% from other races, 1.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.80% of the population. There were 4,350 households out of which 32.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.3% were married couples living together, 13.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.7% were non-families. 28.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3
Rusk County, Texas
Rusk County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 53,330, its county seat is Henderson. The county is named for a secretary of war of the Republic of Texas. Rusk County is part of the Longview, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Longview–Marshall, TX Combined Statistical Area. Rusk County is represented by Bryan Hughes, a Republican from Mineola, Texas, in the Texas State Senator for Senate District 1, which includes Rusk County. Travis Clardy, a Republican from Nacogdoches, is the Texas State Representative for House District 11, which includes Rusk County. Trent Ashby, a Republican from Lufkin, born in Rusk County in 1972, represents District 57, which includes Angelina and several other rural East Texas counties. Prior to Texas annexation in 1845, the land while from time to time occupied by Caddoan peoples, was unpopulated until 1819 when Cherokee Indians, led by The Bowl settled in what is now Rusk County; the Treaty of Bowles Village on February 23, 1836 between the Republic of Texas and the Cherokee and twelve affiliated tribes, gave parts of western Rusk County along with parts of today's Gregg and Van Zandt counties, in addition to the whole areas of Cherokee and Smith counties to the tribes.
They remained on these lands until the Cherokee War in the summer of 1839. Thus the Cherokee were driven out of Rusk County only to return in 1844 and 1845 with the purchase of 10,000 aces of land by Benjamin Franklin Thompson a white man married to a Cherokee; this established the Mount Tabor Indian Community, some six miles south of present day Kilgore that spread to incorporate areas near Troup and Overton, Texas. Organized as a part of Nacogdoches County, Rusk was established as its own county by the Congress of the Republic of Texas on January 16, 1843. By 1850, it was the second-most populous county in Texas of the 78 counties, organized at that time, according to the 1850 census. Rusk County's population was 8,148 then. With the discovery of oil in Joinerville in October 1930, an oil boom began that caused county population to nearly double during the next decade, caused dramatic changes in the county towns. Rusk is one of the five counties that are part of the East Texas Oil Field, whose production has been a major part of the economy since that time.
Rusk County was one of 25 dry counties in Texas until January 2012. The city of Henderson at that time opted to allow serving beer and wine. Sadly, America's worst school disaster happened in Rusk County in 1937, when nearly 300 people, most of them children, were killed in a natural gas explosion at the London Independent School District. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 938 square miles, of which 924 square miles is land and 14 square miles is covered by water. U. S. Highway 79 U. S. Highway 84 U. S. Highway 259 State Highway 42 State Highway 43 State Highway 64 State Highway 149 State Highway 315 State Highway 322 State Highway 323 Gregg County Harrison County Panola County Shelby County Nacogdoches County Cherokee County Smith County As of the census of 2000, 47,372 people, 17,364 households, 12,727 families resided in the county; the population density was 51 people per square mile. The 19,867 housing units averaged 22 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 74.89% White, 19.21% Black or African American, 0.35% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 4.22% from other races, 1.09% from two or more races.
About 8.44% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the 17,364 households, 32.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.20% were married couples living together, 11.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.70% were not families. About 24.20% of all households was made up of individuals and 12.90% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.05. In the county, the population was distributed as 24.90% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 27.80% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, 15.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 104.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.10 males. The median income for a household in the county was $32,898, for a family was $39,185. Males had a median income of $30,956 versus $19,749 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,674. About 10.90% of families and 14.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.80% of those under age 18 and 13.00% of those age 65 or over.
The following school districts serve Rusk County: Rusk County's first authorized school was the Rusk County Academy. Lake Cherokee National Register of Historic Places listings in Rusk County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Rusk County Mount Tabor Indian Community Rusk County government's website Historic materials about Rusk County, hosted by the Portal to Texas History Rusk County from the Handbook of Texas Online Rusk County Sons of Confederate VeteransThe above website shut down, their new site can be found *Here Rusk County Sheriff's Office Rusk County Airport Mount Tabor Indian Community tribal government website
Kilgore is a city in Gregg and Rusk counties in the eastern part of the U. S. state of Texas. Over three-fourths of the city limits is located in the remainder in Rusk County. Kilgore was the childhood residence from age six of the noted classical pianist Van Cliburn, the namesake for Van Cliburn Auditorium on the Kilgore College campus; the population was 12,975 at the 2010 census. Kilgore was founded in 1872 when the International–Great Northern Railroad completed the initial phase of rail line between Palestine and Longview; the rail company chose to bypass New Danville, a small community about 10 miles southeast of Longview, in lieu of a new townsite platted on 174 acres sold to the railroad by Constantine Buckley Kilgore, the town's namesake. That way the railroad gained the profits from development of these lands; the new town received a post office in 1873 and, with a station and transportation for getting commodity crops to market, soon began to draw residents and businesses away from New Danville.
By 1885, the population had reached 250, the community had two cotton gins, a church, its own school. The racially segregated Kilgore Independent School District was organized in 1910. By 1914 the town had two banks, several businesses, a reported population of 700; the 1920s showed continued steady growth, by 1929 Kilgore was home to an estimated 1,000 residents. Prosperity came to a halt, when Kilgore was dealt severe blows by a steep decline in cotton prices, the effects of the Great Depression. Businesses began to close and, by the middle of 1930, the population had fallen to 500. Black people joined the Great Migration out of the South to northern and western cities for work. Kilgore's fortunes changed on October 3, 1930, when wildcatter Columbus M. "Dad" Joiner struck oil near the neighboring town of Henderson. This well, known as the Daisy Bradford #3, marked the discovery of the vast East Texas Oil Field. Overnight Kilgore was transformed from a small farming town on the decline into a bustling boomtown.
The Daisy Bradford # 3 was subsequently followed by many others. By 1936, the population had increased to more than 12,000, Kilgore's skyline was crowded with oil derricks. Oil production continued at a breakneck pace throughout the early 1930s, with more than 1,100 producing oil wells within city limits at the height of the boom; the explosive growth left most civic services overwhelmed, as a result Kilgore was forced to incorporate in 1931. With the city flooded with male workers and roustabouts, law enforcement struggled to keep order among the shanties and ramshackle honky-tonks that crowded Kilgore's main streets. On one occasion, they had to summon help from the Texas Rangers to keep the peace. By the mid-1930s the oil boom had begun to subside, most of the small oil companies and wildcatters had sold out to major corporations; the boom was over by 1940. But oil production has remained central to the city's economy; the population, which fluctuated wildly throughout the 1930s, stabilized at around 10,000 in the 1950s.
A 2015 estimate placed it at just under 15,000 residents. Kilgore is located in southern Gregg County at 32°23′8″N 94°52′7″W, extends south into Rusk County. U. S. Route 259 passes through the east side of the city as a limited-access bypass, leading northeast 11 miles to Longview and south 17 miles to Henderson. Kilgore's city limits extend 3 miles north from the city center as far as Interstate 20, with access from Exits 583, 587, 589. I-20 leads east 69 miles to Shreveport and west 119 miles to Dallas. According to the United States Census Bureau, Kilgore has a total area of 15.7 square miles, of which 15.7 square miles are land and 0.04 square miles, or 0.22%, are covered by water. Interstate 20 Highway 259 State Highway 31 State Highway 42 Texas State Highway 135 As of the census of 2000, 11,301 people, 4,403 households, 2,963 families resided in the city; the population density was 734.3 people per square mile. The 4,766 housing units averaged 309.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 78.22% White, 12.34% African American, 0.41% Native American, 0.68% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 6.95% from other races, 1.38% from two or more races.
Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 11.11% of the population. Of the 4,403 households, 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.5% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.7% were not families. About 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals, 13.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.03. In the city, the population was distributed as 24.6% under the age of 18, 12.5% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, 16.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.1 males. The median income for a household in the city was $43,129, for a family was $61,765. Males had a median income of $45,995 versus $30,124 for females; the per capita income for the city was $21,297. About 9.7% of families and 15.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.1% of those under age 18 and 13.9% of those age 65 or over.
Kilgore is home to an annual summer repertory company. Founded in 1986, the Texas