Texas state highway system
Texas state highways are a network of highways owned and maintained by the U. S. state of Texas. The Texas Department of Transportation is the state agency responsible for the day-to-day operations and maintenance of the system. Texas has the largest state highway system, followed by North Carolina's state highway system. In addition to the nationally numbered Interstate Highways and U. S. Highways, the highway system consists of a main network of state highways, loops and beltways that provide local access to the other highways; the system includes a large network of farm to market roads that connect rural areas of the state with urban areas and the rest of the state highway system. The state owns and maintains some park and recreational roads located near and within state and national parks, as well as recreational areas. All state highways, regardless of classification, are paved roads; the Old San Antonio Road known as the El Camino Real, is the oldest highway in the United States, first being blazed in 1691.
The length of the highways varies from US 83's 893.4 miles inside the state borders to Spur 200 at just 0.05 miles long. The Texas State Highway System can trace its roots to the establishment of the Texas Highway Department on April 4, 1917. Administrative control of the department was given to a three-member commission appointed by the governor for two-year terms. On June 21, 1917, the commission conducted its first public hearing to solicit input on potential highway routes; the committee divided the state into six divisions to be headquartered in Amarillo, Fort Worth, San Angelo, San Antonio. That year, the commission designated 26 state highways covering 8,865 miles which were to be accessible to 89% of the state's population. In 1921, Congress amended the Federal Aid to Roads Act of 1916 to require the states to take control of road design and maintenance of state highways by 1925; as a result, on January 1, 1924, the Texas Highway Department took full control of maintaining the state highways from the counties within which they resided.
In 1925, the state legislature granted the highway department the responsibility of surveying and building highways, the authorization to acquire new highway rights-of-way by purchasing, or condemning through eminent domain, land required for highway construction. By 1927, the highway system covered 17,960 miles, of which 96 miles were concrete, 1,060 miles were asphalt, 5,000 miles were gravel, shell or stone, 10,000 miles were clay or soil. In 1951, a 50-mile section of the Gulf Freeway opened. In 1957, the state began receiving federal funding for the construction of the Interstate Highway System; the first section of Interstate Highway from county line to county line to open in the state was a 43-mile section of I-35 in Bexar County. By 1967, the highway system controlled 66,000 miles of highway. In 1984, US 66 was replaced by I-40 and the US 66 designation was removed from the state highway system the following year. In 1992, the 3,200 miles of Interstate Highway System in Texas was completed with the opening of a six-mile section of I-27.
In 1997, the Texas Turnpike Authority was merged with TxDOT and independently, the North Texas Turnpike Authority became responsible for toll projects in Collin, Dallas and Tarrant counties. The Interstate Highway System in Texas covers 3,233.4 miles and consists of ten primary highways, seven auxiliary highways, the splitting of both Interstate 35 and Interstate 69 into multiple letter-suffixed branches. The Interstate Highway with the longest segment in Texas is I-10 at 880.6 miles. The shortest in the state is I-110 at 0.9 miles. The construction of the Interstate Highway System in Texas began well before these routes were designated as Interstate Highways. A 50-mile stretch of the Gulf Freeway between Galveston and Houston was opened in 1951, eight years before it was designated I-45, it was the first urban expressway in Texas. In 1962, 43 miles of I-35 opened in Bexar County, the first section of Interstate Highway to open from county line to county line in a large metropolitan area. Portions of I-10 west of San Antonio took much longer to complete due to the vast open spaces and lack of nearby labor.
The majority of the construction of this section of I-10 occurred in the 1970s and 1980s and was complete by the early 1990s. The section east of San Antonio was completed 20 years earlier in 1972; the opening of a 6-mile section of I-27 in 1992 completed the Interstate Highway System in Texas. Construction is ongoing for an extension of I-69 southward from its original terminus in Indiana through Texas to the Mexican border; when built, I-69 will extend about 650 miles across Texas, from the Louisiana state line in the Texarkana–Shreveport area to South Texas. Similar to I-35, I-69 splits into three letter-suffixed branches, I-69E, I-69C, I-69W; the United States Numbered Highways are a nationwide grid of highways, but unlike the Interstate Highway System, there is no minimum design standard for these highways. This is evident as some stretches of the U. S. Highways in Texas are nothing more than a two-lane rural road. Although the U. S. Highways have been replaced for the most part by Interstate Highways for through traffic, the U.
S. Highways still serve as important regional connectors. Several notable examples of U. S. Highways that are built to freeway standards include US 75 and US 80 in Dallas, US 59 and US 290 in Houston, US 90 and US 281 in
Fisher County, Texas
Fisher County is a county located in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 3,974; the county seat is Roby. The county was created in 1876 and organized in 1886, it is named for Samuel Rhoads Fisher, a signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence and a Secretary of the Navy of the Republic of Texas. Fisher County was one of 30 prohibition, or dry, counties in Texas, but is now a wet county. Republican Drew Springer, Jr. a businessman from Muenster in Cooke County, has since January 2013 represented Fisher County in the Texas House of Representatives. From 1921 to 1925, the Democrat Richard M. Chitwood of Sweetwater represented Fisher County in the state House, he left his post to become the first business manager of Texas Tech University, but died the next year. 10000 BC - Paleo-Indians were the first inhabitants. Native American inhabitants include the Pawnee and Waco, Lipan Apache and Comanche. 1876 - The Texas legislature formed Fisher County from Bexar districts.
The new county was named after Samuel Rhoads Fisher. 1880 - The census reported 136 inhabitants. 1881 - The Texas and Pacific Railway routed an east-west branch through Eskota. 1885 - The town of Fisher was registered. Swedish immigrants founded the community of Swedonia. 1886 - The town of North Roby was registered. Roby won the county seat election over Fisher, but one of the voters, a Mr. Bill Purp, was discovered to have been a dog whose owner lived near Roby. 1920 - Fisher County was among Texas leaders in wheat production. 1926 - Cotton became king, as 48,000 bales were ginned in the county. 1928 - Oil was discovered in the county. 1970 - The county's average annual farm income was evenly divided between livestock and crops. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 902 square miles, of which 899 square miles is land and 2.8 square miles is covered by water. U. S. Highway 180 State Highway 70 State Highway 92 Stonewall County Jones County Nolan County Scurry County Kent County Taylor County As of the census of 2000, 4,344 people, 1,785 households, 1,244 families resided in the county.
The population density was five people per square mile. The 2,277 housing units averaged two per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 83.75% White, 2.76% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 11.58% from other races, 1.40% from two or more races. About 21.36% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Of the 1,785 households, 27.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.90% were married couples living together, 8.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.30% were not families. About 28.30% of all households were made up of individuals, 17.80% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.93. In the county, the population was distributed as 23.90% under the age of 18, 6.30% from 18 to 24, 23.00% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, 22.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.90 males.
For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.80 males. The median income for a household in the county was $27,659, for a family was $34,907. Males had a median income of $25,071 versus $20,536 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,120. About 13.50% of families and 17.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.40% of those under age 18 and 10.50% of those age 65 or over. Hamlin Roby Rotan Hobbs Longworth McCauley Sylvester] North Roby Royston Dry counties Double Mountain Fork Brazos River Clear Fork Brazos River Salt Fork Brazos River National Register of Historic Places listings in Fisher County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Fisher County Fisher County government's website Fisher County from the Handbook of Texas Online Fisher County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties
Hamlin is a city in Jones and Fisher Counties in the U. S. state of Texas. The population was 2,124 at the 2010 census, in 2017, the estimated population was 2,018; the Jones County portion of Hamlin is part of Texas metropolitan area. The city was named for W. H. Hamlin, a railroad official of the Kansas City and Orient Railway; the Orient reached Hamlin in 1906 and was followed by the Texas Central Railroad within a few years and by the Abilene and Southern Railroad in 1910. The arrival of the railroad was announced in 1902, the first train arrived in 1906; the county's first gypsum plant was constructed 6 miles outside of Hamlin in 1903. Business boomed with the rail service, the town included gins, a cottonseed oil mill, a number of other businesses. Oil was discovered in 1928, which contributed to the economy; the Hamlin Herald is still in print. Hamlin would gain its first and only hospital, Hamlin Memorial Hospital, in 1948. Hamlin Memorial Hospital owns Hamlin Medical Clinic. Hamlin is located in northwestern Jones County at 32°53′12″N 100°7′31″W.
The city limits extend west into Fisher County, although no people lived in this portion as of 2010. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.3 square miles, of which 0.01 square miles, or 0.20%, is covered by water. U. S. Route 83 passes through the center of Hamlin as Central Avenue, leading north 18 miles to Aspermont and southeast 17 miles to Anson, the Jones County seat. Abilene is 42 miles to the southeast. Texas State Highway 92 crosses Hamlin as Lake Drive, leading east 20 miles to Stamford and west 20 miles to Rotan; as of the census of 2000, 2,248 people, 924 households, 623 families resided in the city. The population density was 422.4 people per square mile. The 1,090 housing units averaged 204.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 79.58% White, 6.23% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.71% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 11.48% from other races, 1.73% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 20.69% of the population.
Of the 924 households, 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.7% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.5% were not families. About 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals, 18.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.00. In the city, the population was distributed as 25.7% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 22.9% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, 21.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.9 males. The median income for a household in the city was $25,873, for a family was $33,667. Males had a median income of $25,887 versus $16,350 for females; the per capita income for the city was $13,308. About 13.7% of families and 20.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.6% of those under age 18 and 21.2% of those age 65 or over.
The city is served by the Hamlin Independent School District and is home to the Hamlin High School Pied Pipers. According to the Köppen climate classification system, Hamlin has a semiarid climate, BSk on climate maps
U.S. Route 83 in Texas
U. S. Highway 83, dedicated as the Texas Vietnam Veterans Memorial Highway, is a U. S. Highway in the U. S. state of Texas that begins at US 77 in Brownsville and follows the Rio Grande to Laredo heads north through Abilene to the Oklahoma border north of Perryton, the seat of Ochiltree County. It is the longest highway in Texas at a length of about 895 miles, besting the east–west I-10, which has a length of 879 miles. In the Lower Rio Grande Valley, US 83 is a freeway, at or close to interstate standards from Brownsville to Penitas. In May 2013, the Texas Department of Transportation applied to the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials to designate this 48-mile section as I-2. After the Special Committee on Route Numbering disapproved the application, the AASHTO Board of Directors approved the I-2 designation, conditional on the concurrence of the Federal Highway Administration. On May 29, 2013, the segment of US 83 was approved as an I-69 connector using the I-2 designation extending 46 miles from Harlingen to west of Mission.
US 83's southern terminus is at a concurrency with I-69E/US 77 on the south side of Brownsville at the Brownsville – Veterans Port of Entry at the US/Mexico border. It remains co-signed with I-69E/US 77 until Harlingen, where I-69E/US 77 makes a sharp turn northward and US 83 maintains a westerly route to McAllen, concurrent with I-2 until Palmview. From there, the highway parallels the Rio Grande until Laredo where it makes a northwesterly turn toward Carrizo Springs, the seat of Dimmit County; the speed limit on US 83 is 75 mph through Dimmit County. Merging with I-35 just south of downtown, US 83 remains co-signed with the interstate until an exit at Botines, Texas. From there, it continues northward. US 83 is co-signed with I-10 for 8 miles, turning northward and leaving I-10 at the Kimble County Airport. After continuing northward through several rural western Texas towns, US 83 merges with US 84 east of Tuscola, where it makes a sharp turn back to the north. US 83/84 remains a co-signed route until Abilene, where US 84 turns to the northwest and US 83 remains northbound, merging with US 277 on the west side of the city.
US 83/277 remains a co-signed route until 2 miles north of Anson, where US 277 turns northeast, US 83, northwest. After merging with US 380 in Aspermont and sharing a route, US 83 continues northward, merging with US 62 in Paducah. US 83/62 continues as a co-signed route until 15 miles south of Wellington, where US 62 makes a sharp turn eastward, leaving US 83 to continue northward, where it crosses into Oklahoma 6 miles north of Perryton. Texas portal U. S. Roads portal Business routes of U. S. Route 83 in Texas Media related to U. S. Route 83 in Texas at Wikimedia Commons
Stamford is a city located on the border of Jones and Haskell Counties in west-central Texas. The population was 3,124 at the 2010 census, down from 3,636 at the 2000 census. Henry McHarg, president of the Texas Central Railroad, named the site in 1900 for his hometown of Stamford, Connecticut; the city is home to the Texas Cowboy Reunion. Stamford is located on U. S. Highway 277 and State Highway 6. Most of the city is in Jones County; the portion of the city within Jones County is part of Texas metropolitan area. While the town was named by Henry King McHarg for Stamford, the townsite was donated by the family of Swante Magnus Swenson. Mr. Swenson was the first Swedish immigrant to Texas, he became one of the largest landowners in Texas, by 1860, his holdings in West Texas approached 500,000 acres. These ranches, which spread across 12 Texas counties, became known as the SMS Ranches. Reorganized as the Swenson Land and Cattle Company, it is headquartered in Stamford to this day. Mr. Swenson had Eric Pierson and Swen Albin, who became known as the Swenson brothers.
They ran SMS Ranches, developed a Morab horse-breeding program near the city. Swante M. Swenson is responsible for initiating and supporting Swedish immigration to Texas, starting in 1847. Mr. Swenson assisted Swedish immigrants with the cost of their passage from Sweden to Texas in exchange for their labor. In 1899, the Swenson brothers persuaded Henry McHarg, president of the Texas Central Railroad, to extend the railroad through their land; the brothers founded Stamford in 1900 and provided the townsite of 640 acres. The town and surrounding area were partially settled by immigrants from Sweden. Many of the cotton farmers who moved to the area bought tracts of land from the Swenson brothers. Stamford's main street is named Swenson. In 1900, the railroad arrived in Stamford, when the independent Texas Central Railway completed its 38-mile line from Albany to the town. In 1906-7, the Texas Central built another line. By 1908, Stamford was connected to points north and east, through a line of the Wichita Valley Railroad running south from Seymour and commissioned expressly for this purpose.
Stamford College was founded as Stamford Collegiate Institute in September 1907 by the Northwest Texas Methodist Conference. Drought and World War I caused declining enrollments, the college was closed in 1918 after a fire; the president of Stamford College went on to found McMurry University in Abilene. In 1930, the Swensons were responsible for the founding of the annual Texas Cowboy Reunion; the city's general-aviation airport, Arledge Field, began operation in April 1941 as an Army Air Corps training center during World War II. For the city's first half century, order was kept by police chief George G. Flournoy. A small, cigar-chewing man, Flournoy began each day's work with target shooting at a stump outside city hall. In 1967, the rail line which connected Stamford to Albany and Waco was abandoned by the Missouri, Kansas & Texas Railway, which had leased the Texas Central since 1914. Though the line from Stamford to Rotan was reacquired by the Texas Central Railway, it was sold three years to the Fort Worth & Denver Railway Company, subsequently abandoned.
Stamford is located in west-central Texas, is part of the American Southwest. The city is part of the physical region in West Texas known as the Rolling Plains. Stamford is 41 miles north of Abilene, 132 miles west of Fort Worth, 137 miles east southeast of Lubbock, 160 miles due west of DFW Airport. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.9 square miles, of which 5.9 square miles are land and 6.9 square miles, or 53.85%, are covered by water. Lake Stamford, owned by the city, is located about 10 miles northeast of the city proper; the lake was created in 1953 by the impoundment of Paint Creek in Haskell County. Lake Stamford serves as the municipal water source for Stamford, as well as several neighboring communities and rural water suppliers; the lake provides recreational fishing and boating. Stamford has a semiarid climate, according to the Köppen climate classification. Stamford's record high temperature was 118 °F on June 28, 1994, the record low temperature was −7 °F on February 2, 1985.
Average annual rainfall is 24.7 in. Record snowfall of 8 in occurred on two separate dates: November 25, 2007, April 6, 1996. In September 1900, months after Stamford was formed, the 1900 Galveston hurricane caused flooding in the city and killed 10 people; because of its position at the southern edge of Tornado Alley, Stamford is susceptible to supercell thunderstorms, which produce large hail and can produce tornadoes. As of the census of 2000, 3,636 people, 1,402 households, 971 families resided in the city; the population density was 610.2 people per square mile. The 1,713 housing units averaged 287.5/sq mi. The racial makeup of the city was 74.01% White, 7.92% African American, 1.38% Native American, 0.11% Asian, 14.80% from other races, 1.79% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 26.93% of the population. Of the 1,402 households, 34.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.3% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.7% were not families.
About 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals, 17.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.03. In the city, the population was distributed as 27.6% under the age of 18, 6.2% fr
U.S. Route 277
U. S. Route 277 is a north–south United States Highway, it is a spur of U. S. Route 77, it runs for 633 miles across Texas. US 277's northern terminus is in Newcastle, Oklahoma at Interstate 44, the northern terminus of the H. E. Bailey Turnpike, its southern terminus is in Carrizo Springs, Texas at U. S. Route 83, it passes through the states of Texas. Most of U. S. 277's route through the two states overlaps other U. S. highways. Those include U. S. 62 from Newcastle to Chickasha, Oklahoma, U. S. 62 and U. S. 281 from five miles west of Elgin, Oklahoma, to Lawton, U. S. 281 from Lawton to Wichita Falls, Texas, U. S. 82 from Wichita Falls to Seymour, U. S. 83 from Anson, Texas to Abilene, Texas. Through the Lawton area and again from Randlett, Oklahoma, to near downtown Wichita Falls, U. S. 277 is co-signed with I-44. The highway begins at an intersection with US 83 in Carrizo Springs, about 60 miles northwest of Laredo; the highway runs until reaching Eagle Pass. From here to Del Rio, the highway parallels the Rio Grande River at the U.
S.-Mexico border. The highway overlaps US 377 for about 26 miles, with the highways passing the Amistad National Recreation Area. US 277 crosses I-10 near Sonora, before traveling to Eldorado and San Angelo; the highway overlaps US 87 in the city. In Abilene, the highway overlaps with the latter leaving shortly after. US 83 leaves in Anson. In Seymour, US 82 begins an overlap with US 277; the two highways enter the city of Wichita Falls, with US 82 leaving the highway at US 281/US 287. US 277 joins US 281/287 and the three highways travel into the downtown area of the city, where I-44 begins. US 287 leaves the freeway, while I-44/US 277/US 281 travel to Burkburnett, before crossing the Red River into Oklahoma. From its present terminus at Interstate 44 near Newcastle, U. S. 277 runs concurrent with U. S. 62 through Blanchard into downtown Chickasha, where U. S. 277 joins U. S. 81 for several miles to an intersection south of Chickasha near Ninnekah, where U. S. 277 turns west/southwest through the cities of Cement, Cyril and Elgin - crossing over I-44/H.
E. Bailey east of Cement, under the interstate south of Fletcher and under the interstate/turnpike on the west side of Elgin. About five miles west of Elgin, U. S. 277 rejoins U. S. 62 for the next 10 miles with the triplex 62-277-281 route joining Interstate 44 at the starting/ending point of the H. E. Bailey Turnpike north section near Medicine Park south through Fort Sill to I-44 Exit 40A, where U. S. 62 diverts from the interstate. U. S. 277 and 281 continue their concurrent route with I-44 through the Lawton-Fort Sill area to a point six miles south of Lawton where I-44 becomes the H. E. Bailey Turnpike south to Randlett. At this interchange which includes Oklahoma 36 west/southwest to Chattanooga and Grandfield, U. S. 277-281 diverts east and curve south to parallel the interstate past Geronimo, OK and 10 miles joins Oklahoma 5 about 5 miles west of Walters for three miles west crossing over I-44/H. E. Bailey Turnpike at the Walters exit and toll plaza. West of I-44, U. S. 277-281 turns south from Oklahoma 5 and continues south, crossing under I-44 south of Cookietown and joins U.
S. 70 at Randlett, from where the triplex U. S. 70-277-281 continues 3 miles west to an interchange with I-44 at the beginning/ending points of the H. E. Bailey Turnpike. At this interchange, U. S. 277-281 joins I-44 for the last 6 miles in Oklahoma before crossing the Red River into Texas. From Newcastle to the Red River north of Wichita Falls, Texas, U. S. 277 serves as an alternate free route to the two sections of the H. E. Bailey Turnpike between Oklahoma City and the Red River from Newcastle southwest of Oklahoma to near Medicine Park north of Lawton and from near Geronimo south of Lawton to Randlett just north of the Red River near Burkburnett, Texas; the former route of U. S. 277 through the City of Lawton via 2nd Street and 11th Street has been designated as U. S. 281 Business since the completion of Lawton's Pioneer Expressway in 1964 from present I-44 Exit 39-B to Exit 33. Present U. S. 281 Business and former U. S. 277-281 follows 2nd Street south of I-44 into the downtown area and south of Lee Boulevard, curves into the diagonal route to 11th Street and still locally designated by the City of Lawton as Highway 277 though it is designated as U.
S. 281 Business. From the end of the diagonal route at 11th and Tennessee Avenue south past the Lawton-Fort Sill Regional Airport to Exit 33 of Interstate 44, the former U. S. 277-281 and current U. S. Business 281 route follows 11th Street. South of this point, U. S. 281 Business ends/begins and current U. S. 277-281 continues to run concurrent with I-44 for another 3 miles to Exit 30, bypassing 3 miles of the former U. S. 277-281 concurrency that followed 11th Street south of Lawton until the completion of the present I-44 route south of Lawton in 1964, when the former highway reverted to local jurisdiction. At Exit 31, Oklahoma 36 begins its route to Chattanooga and Grandfield west of I-44 while U. S. 277-281 uses the same route east of the interstate for a half-mile and tur
Rotan is a city in Fisher County, United States. The population was 1,508 at the 2010 census, down from 1,611 at the 2000 census. Texas State Highway 70 passes through the city, leading north 34 miles to Jayton and south 9 miles to Roby, the Fisher County seat, 30 miles to Sweetwater and Interstate 20. Texas State Highway 92 leads east from Rotan 20 miles to Hamlin. According to the United States Census Bureau, Rotan has a total area of all of it land; as of the census of 2000, 1,611 people, 665 households, 442 families resided in the city. The population density was 791.3 people per square mile. The 841 housing units averaged 413.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 72.44% White, 5.59% African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 19.49% from other races, 2.05% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 32.90% of the population. Of the 665 households, 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.6% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.5% were not families.
The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.95. In the city, the population was distributed as 24.6% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 22.2% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, 23.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.2 males. The median income for a household in the city was $21,638, for a family was $29,038. Males had a median income of $25,688 versus $17,045 for females; the per capita income for the city was $13,097. About 16.6% of families and 22.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.0% of those under age 18 and 11.9% of those age 65 or over. The city is served by the Rotan Independent School District. Rotan's climate type occurs on the periphery of the true deserts in low-latitude semiarid steppe regions; the Köppen climate classification subtype for this climate is BSh. Sammy Baugh, quarterback for the Washington Redskins, had a ranch in Rotan.
He lived there many years and died there on December 17, 2008, at the age of 94. Ella Hudson Day, was one of the first to live here. Professional football player Jordan Shipley attended Rotan High School for one year. Texas Ranger Ramiro "Ray" Martinez, who killed Charles Whitman in the Austin Texas Tower Shooting on August 1, 1966, once lived in Rotan. Actor Tommy Lee Jones made his stage debut at seven as Sneezy in an elementary school pageant of Snow White and the Seven Dwarves in Rotan in 1953. Rotan Independent School District