Théophile Raynaud

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Hagiologium exoticum

Théophile Raynaud (15 November 1583 – 31 October 1663) was a French Jesuit theologian and writer.

Raynaud was born at Sospel near Nice. He entered the Society of Jesus on 21 November 1602, then taught grammar and humanities at Avignon, and philosophy and theology at Lyon and for a time at Rome. He died at Lyon.


In 92 separate works, covering almost the entire field of Catholic theology, he showed himself an erudite theologian and a writer of great fertility. His style, however, is often prolix and sometimes obscure, whilst in his controversial writings he indulges in satire and invective.

His collected works, revised by himself shortly before his death, were published under the direction of his confrère, John Bertet, in nineteen volumes (Lyons, 1665). A twentieth volume, entitled "Th. Raynaudi Apopompaeus" (i.e. the scapegoat), containing a number of writings which the author had purposely excluded from the collection, was published by an anonymous editor a few years later (Cracow, 1669); this volume was condemned by the Congregation of the Index.

The main titles of the "Opera" are:

  • I. "Theologia Patrum; Christus Deus Homo";
  • II. "De Attributis Christi";
  • III. "Moralis disciplina";
  • IV. "De virtutibus et vitiis";
  • V. "Theologia naturalis";
  • VI. "Opuscula eucharistica";
  • VII. "Marialia";
  • VIII-IX. "Hagiologium";
  • X. "Pontificia";
  • XI. "Critica sacra";
  • XII. "Miscella sacra";
  • XIII. "Miscella philologica";
  • XIV. "Moralia";
  • XV-XVI. "Heteroclita spiritualia";
  • XVII. "Ascetica";
  • XVIII. "Polemica".

XIX contains general indices.


  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Théophile Raynaud". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton. The entry cites:
    • WEISS in MICHAUD, Biog. Universelle, XXXVII (Paris, 1824);
    • HURTER, Nomenclator Literarius, I (Innsbruck, 1892), 404 sqq.;
    • Sommervogel, Bibl. de la C. de J., VI (Brussels, 1895).

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