Chiang Mai International Airport
Chiang Mai International Airport is an international airport serving Chiang Mai, the capital city of Chiang Mai Province in Thailand. It is a major gateway to Northern Thailand, the fourth busiest airport in the country; the airport was established in 1921 as Suthep Airport. As a result of the temporary closure of Suvarnabhumi Airport in 2008 due to the protests, Chiang Mai became the alternative stop-over for China Airlines' Taipei-Europe flights and for Swiss International Airlines' Singapore-Zurich flights in the interim. On 24 January 2011, the airport became a secondary hub for Thai AirAsia. In 2013, 19 airlines operated at CNX, serving more than 5.3 million passengers, 43,000 flights and 18,000 tonnes of cargo. Upgrades in 2014 included expanding the apron for larger planes, extending operating hours to 24/7, enlarging the international arrival hall and domestic departure hall; the airport is at an elevation of 316 metres above mean sea level. It has one runway designated 18/36 with an asphalt surface measuring 3,100 by 45 metres.
There are one for domestic passengers and the other for international flights. Media related to Chiang Mai International Airport at Wikimedia Commons Chiang Mai travel guide from Wikivoyage Chiang Mai International Airport, official site Chiang Mai Airport Guide Current weather for VTCC at NOAA/NWS Accident history for CNX at Aviation Safety Network
Airline hubs or hub airports are used by one or more airlines to concentrate passenger traffic and flight operations at a given airport. They serve, it is part of the hub-and-spoke system. An airline operates flights from several non-hub cities to the hub airport, passengers traveling between spoke cities need to connect through the hub; this paradigm creates economies of scale that allow an airline to serve city-pairs that could otherwise not be economically served on a non-stop basis. This system contrasts with the point-to-point model, in which there are no hubs and nonstop flights are instead offered between spoke cities. Hub airports serve origin and destination traffic. In the airline industry, a focus city is a destination from which an airline operates limited point-to-point routes. Ergo, a focus city caters to the local market rather than to connecting passengers. However, with the term's expanded usage, a focus city may function as a small-scale or total hub. Allegiant Air, JetBlue and Southwest Airlines are examples of US-based airlines that consider some of their focus cities run like a hub.
The hub-and-spoke system allows an airline to serve fewer routes, so fewer aircraft are needed. The system increases passenger loads. However, the system is costly. Additional employees and facilities are needed to cater to connecting passengers. To serve spoke cities of varying populations and demand, an airline requires several aircraft types, specific training and equipment are necessary for each type. In addition, airlines may experience capacity constraints. For the passenger, the hub-and-spoke system offers one-stop air service to a wide array of destinations. However, it requires having to make connections en route to their final destination, which increases travel time. Additionally, airlines can come to monopolise their hubs, allowing them to increase fares as passengers have no alternative. Airlines may operate banks of flights at their hubs, in which several flights arrive and depart within short periods of time; the banks may be known as "peaks" of activity at the hubs and the non-banks as "valleys".
Banking allows for short connection times for passengers. However, an airline must assemble a large number of resources to cater to the influx of flights during a bank, having several aircraft on the ground at the same time can lead to congestion and delays. In addition, banking could result in inefficient aircraft utilisation, with aircraft waiting at spoke cities for the next bank. Instead, some airlines have debanked their hubs, introducing a "rolling hub" in which flight arrivals and departures are spread throughout the day; this phenomenon is known as "depeaking". While costs may decrease, connection times are longer at a rolling hub. American Airlines was the first to depeak its hubs, trying to improve profitability following the September 11 attacks, it rebanked its hubs in 2015, feeling the gain in connecting passengers would outweigh the rise in costs. The hub-and-spoke system is used by some cargo airlines. FedEx Express established its main hub in Memphis in 1973, prior to the deregulation of the air cargo industry in the United States.
The system has created an efficient delivery system for the airline. Other airlines that use this system include UPS Airlines, TNT Airways, Cargolux and DHL Aviation, which operate their primary hubs at Louisville, Liège, Luxembourg and Leipzig respectively. Although the term focus city is used to refer to an airport from which an airline operates limited point-to-point routes, its usage has loosely expanded to refer to a small-scale hub as well. For example, JetBlue's New York–JFK focus city runs like a hub, although in reality it is still deemed as a focus city. A fortress hub exists when an airline controls a significant majority of the market at one of its hubs. Competition is difficult at fortress hubs. Examples include Delta hubs at Atlanta, Salt Lake City and Minneapolis–Saint Paul. Flag carriers have enjoyed similar dominance at the main international airport of their countries and some still do. Examples include Lufthansa at Frankfurt Airport, Air Canada at Toronto Pearson Airport, Alitalia at Rome Fiumicino Airport, KLM at Amsterdam Airport Schiphol, Garuda Indonesia at Soekarno-Hatta International Airport, British Airways at London Heathrow, Air China at Beijing Capital Airport, Iberia at Madrid-Barajas Airport and Air France at Paris Orly and Charles de Gaulle Airports.
A primary hub is the main hub for an airline. However, as an airline expands operations at its primary hub to the point that it experiences capacity limitations, it may elect to open secondary hubs. Examples of such hubs are Turkish Airlines' Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen hub, British Airways' hub at London-Gatwick, Air India's hub at Mumbai and Lufthansa's hub at Munich. By operating multiple hubs, airlines can expand their geographic reach, they can better serve spoke–spoke markets, providing more itineraries with connections at different hubs. A given hub's capacity may become exhausted or capacity shortages may occur during peak periods of the day, at which point airlines may be compelled to shift traffic to a reliever hub. A reliever hub has the potential to serve several functions for an airline: it can bypass the congested hub, it can absorb
Hat Yai International Airport
Hat Yai International Airport is an international airport in southern Thailand near the city of Hat Yai. It is under the management of Airports of Thailand, PLC, It is an important airport for Muslims on the pilgrimage to Mecca. Annually, it handles 9,500 flights and 12,000 tons of cargo. Expansion plans are in the works, as the airport is designed for 2.5 million passengers, was seeing 3.56 million using it in Sept 2015, will be expanded to 4.5 million capacity scheduled complete by 2018, 10 million by 2030. At longitude 100° 23' 55" E and latitude 06° 55' 46" N, 28 m above sea level, the airport is 9 km from downtown Hat Yai. Highway 4135 links to the airport, its service hours are 06:00–24:00. The runway can handle 30 flights per hour and its durability is rated at PCN 60/F/C/X/T. There are seven taxiways and an apron area of 56,461 m2. During the 2005 Songkhla bombings, a bomb planted at the departure lounge by Pattani separatists exploded on 3 April 2005, killing one passenger and injuring 10.
Hat Yai International Airport, Official site Airport information for VTSS at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006
U-Tapao International Airport
U-Tapao International Airport spelled Utapao and U-Taphao, is a joint civil–military public airport serving Rayong and Pattaya cities in Thailand. It is in Ban Chang District of Rayong Province, its official name is "U-Tapao Rayong Pattaya International Airport". It serves as the U-Tapao Royal Thai Navy Airfield, home of the Royal Thai Navy First Air Wing. U-Tapao is the home of a large Thai Airways maintenance facility, servicing that airline's aircraft as well as those of other customers. Due to the blockade of Bangkok's airports by opposition protesters, U-Tapao became the main air gateway to Thailand between 26 November and 5 December 2008; as both of Bangkok's international airports essential to the country's tourist boom are operating beyond capacity as of 2015, U-Tapao in particular has been eyed as an alternate international gateway due to relative proximity to the capital. U-Tapao lies 90 miles southeast of Bangkok, south of Rte 3 at km189, near Sattahip on the Gulf of Thailand, about a 45-minute drive from Pattaya.
U-Tapao was built in 1966 by the United States to accommodate B-52 bombers for missions in Vietnam and Cambodia during the Vietnam War. U-Tapao was the primary Southeast Asian airfield for US Air Force B-52 Stratofortress bombers, called "Bee-hasip-sawng" by the local Thais. U-Tapao was a front-line base along with the other US bases at Korat, Ubon, Nakhon Phanom, Takhli; the USAF B-52s made regular sorties over North Vietnam and North Vietnamese-controlled areas in Laos, carrying an average of 108 500-pound and 750-pound bombs per mission. U-Tapao was a regular stop on Bob Hope's Christmas shows for the troops. With the temporary closure of Suvarnabhumi Airport and Don Mueang Airport in late November 2008 because they had been occupied by anti-government protestors, U-Tapao became for a time Thailand's main supplementary international gateway. Many airlines arranged special flights to and from U-Tapao to ferry international passengers stranded by the closure of the Suvarnabhumi Airport. Several governments including Italy and Spain sent chartered flights to evacuate residents.
As many as 100,000 passengers were stranded in Thailand until early December. Although its runway can accommodate large aircraft, U-Tapao's terminals are not designed to handle more than a few flights a day. Travellers were subject to many hardships, as the security was not up-to-date, some US-bound flights were diverted to Japan and their passengers required to go through a supplementary security check before continuing; as Bangkok's two international airports are operating beyond capacity, the government intends to turn U-Tapao into a third major destination for airlines. A new second terminal, which will increase airport capacity from 800,000 to three million persons per year. Terminal 2 was opened in November 2018 and will be opened in February 2019. There are 41 direct flights landing from China weekly with more airlines scheduled to announce soon. Airport director, Rear Adm Worapol Tongpricha, said the 620 million baht terminal is the start of a three-year, first-phase development. In the second phase, the government will boost the capacity further to 15 million people.
In late-2018, King Power was awarded a ten-year contract to operate U-Tapao duty free shops. A partnership between Thai retailer Central Department Store Company and DFS Group will manage retail shops and services food and beverage for 10 years. On 28 October 1977, a Douglas DC-3 of Air Vietnam en route from Tan Son Nhat International Airport, Ho Chi Minh City, to Duong Dong Airport, Phu Quoc, was hijacked and diverted to U-Tapao Air Base to refuel. Two Vietnamese officials on the aircraft were killed in the hijacking. Media related to U-Tapao International Airport at Wikimedia Commons U-Taphao Airport Pattaya Airport Guide Current weather for VTBU at NOAA/NWS Accident history for UTP at Aviation Safety Network
Phuket International Airport
Phuket International Airport is an international airport serving the Phuket Province of Thailand. It is in the north of 32 kilometres from the centre of Phuket City; the airport plays a major role in Thailand's tourism industry, as Phuket Island is a popular resort destination. It is the third-busiest airport in Thailand in terms of passengers, after Suvarnabhumi Airport and Don Mueang International Airport in the Bangkok Metropolitan Region; the airport set a record 15.1 million arrivals and departures in 2016, up 17.8 percent from 2015. The airport has three terminals: Terminal 2 is used for international flights, Terminal 3 for domestic flights. Terminal X for charter flights opened in February 2014. Phuket Airport underwent a 5.14-billion-baht expansion and renovation, with the work completed in 2016. The capacity of the new international terminal is five million passengers per year; the expansion increased airport capacity to 12.5 million passengers a year from its previous capacity of 6.5 million.
A rail link from an alternate airport, was suggested in 2012, as Phuket is congested with little room to expand. The airport is at an elevation of 82 feet above mean sea level, it has one runway designated 09/27 with an asphalt surface measuring 3,000 by 45 metres. Airport facts: Phuket is a favourite tourist destination in the region. International passengers come from Asia Pacific and Europe. In 2012 it ranked second-busiest in total passenger traffic, after Suvarnabhumi Airport in the Bangkok metropolitan area. In mid-2015 the airport, designed to handle 20 flights per hour, was servicing 23 per hour. Phuket airport handled 12.9 million passengers in 2015, 12.8 percent more than 2014, with international numbers rising 8.27 percent to 6.95 million and domestic up 18.6 percent to 5.9 million. Aircraft movements grew 11.6 percent to 84,758, with 43,996 international and 40,762 domestic
Chonburi Football Club is a Thai professional football club based in the city of Chonburi, Chonburi Province and playing in the top division in Thai football, the Thai League 1. The team lifted the league title in 2007. Chonburi were founded in 1997 and their main rivals are Sriracha who are based in Chonburi Province; the team is known by their nickname The Sharks which can be seen in the club logo. In 2005 they won the Provincial League title by beating Nakhon Ratchasima at the Central stadium, Nakhon Ratchasima, moved to Thai Premier League in the 2006 season with the Provincial League runners up, This title was the first major successes for the club; the shark tribes finished 8th place in the Thai Premier League season 2006. In 2006 they were invited to play in the Singapore Cup and reached the final, defeating local sides Home United, Albirex Niigata Singapore and Balestier Khalsa along the way. In the final they lost to Tampines Rovers 2–3 in the extra time after leading 2–0. In 2007 they were again invited to participate in the Singapore Cup, but were defeated in the first round against Balestier Khalsa, in a replay of the previous season's semi-finals.
Chonburi lost 3–2 in normal play. They have formed links with Manchester City. In the end of this season Chonburi become Thailand Premier League champions for 2007 Thailand Premier League, This was the first trophy in major league for the club and head coach Jadet Meelarp got Coach of the Year awards and Pipob On-Mo got Player of the year awards. In July 2008 they made another important big step into the future. In addition, the previous sponsor, Hemaraj Land and Development PLC signed a major sponsorship deal which comes into force from 2009; the contract will amount to the sum of 18 million baht. This may indeed be the largest completed sponsorship of a Thai football club, completed. At the end of the 2008 season, there was only enough for runner-up; the main reason for this was the profligacy. With two games left in the season you still on the first place in the table, but a 0–0 draw against Samut Songkhram made to naught in the penultimate round of the dream title defense. Jadet Meelarp was dismissed.
His successor is announced in mid-December 2008. Kiatisuk Senamuang, known as Zico, was appointed coach of Chonburi; as Runner-up Champion 2008 the team is qualified for the 2009 AFC Cup and was drawn in a group with Hanoi ACB, Eastern AA and Kedah FA. Chonburi has to call to mind the Zeil set to win the AFC Cup in Thailand; the group stage was confident. In the second round Chonburi PSMS Medan in Indonesia defeated 4–1 before retired in the quarter-finals against the Vietnam representative Bình Dương 2–4; the game against Medan was the last game of Surat Sukha, who moved to Melbourne Victory. In July 2009. End of the 2009 season the club was only the runner-up again. At the end of 2008 they had 2 points behind the champions, 2009, there were 3 points. Kiatisuk Senamuang changed at the end of the season to Hoàng Anh Gia Lai, the association in Vietnam where he was active as a player last, his successor in Chonburi was Jadet Meelarp, released a year earlier. At his side, his former boss Witthaya Laohakul was provided as technical director of the club.
Unlike other top clubs in the league but vorzuweisen Chonburi had hardly known commitments for the 2010 season. Only Therdsak Chaiman you can fit into this category; the 36-year-old was last in the Thailand national football team his comeback from Singapore and moved to Chonburi. Although the club was again runner-up, but this is not automatically eligible in the 2009 season to participate in the 2010 AFC Cup. Instead, the Cup Winners' Cup in Thailand directly qualified for the competition. In the second round of the Thai FA Cup retired from the Chonburi. In 2008, in the first AFC Champions League, Chonburi played against the Japanese champions Gamba Osaka. On 20 March 2008 the club achieved its first victory in the AFC Champions League against Melbourne Victory; the game was clouded by controversy when Melbourne Victory scored their only goal whilst a Chonburi FC player was down injured and his teammates were calling for the ball to be played off the park. It mattered little when Cameroonian striker Baga scored a goal from 35 yards out and followed it up with a second goal in extra time to condemn the Melbourne Victory to their first loss in the competition 3–1.
At the start of the 2008 season, Chonburi used the Chonburi Municipality Stadium plays in the 5,000-seater in Chonburi. Due to disagreements with the local authorities, the club wore its home games from 2008 of the Princess Sirindhorn Stadium. For the games of the 2008 AFC Champions League you had to dodge into the National Stadium, used for matches in the 2009 AFC Cup Bangkok. For the 2010 season, the club will return to Chonburi and will host its home games at the renovated Chonburi Sports College Stadium. In 2010 season they moved to IPE Chonburi Stadium. In 2011 season they move to Chonburi Stadium after renovate the stadium for played in the AFC Cup, Thai League. For the future, a new stadium is designed with modern training facilities; the new stadium will meet modern demands. It would be next to the new buildings in Pattaya and one of the most modern stadiums in Si Racha in Chonburi province. Arise should the stadium with club grounds near Bang Saen on a ten-rai area; this is about 1.5 hectares.
The site was donated by the President of Wittaya Khunpluem. As of 8 January 2019Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIF
Muangthong United F.C.
Muangthong United Football Club is a Thai professional football club based in Muang Thong Thani, Nonthaburi Province. The club plays in the Thai League 1. Muangthong United has participated in the Thai Premier League since 2009 after having won the Thai Division 1 League title in 2008. Muangthong United is one of the richest football clubs in Thailand; the club is known as The Kirins or The Twin Qilins. The club was founded in 1989; the first name registered with Football Association of Thailand was "Norgjorg Pittayanusorn Football Club". The club was founded by Worawi Makudi, the club race from Ngor Royal Cup, the smallest cup. In Thailand Football League Division 1 season 2002–2003, The club was renamed to "FC Norgjorg Black Pearl" by the former politician Veera Musikapong to make the team, but the team had just one season and was unsuccessful so he stopped by leaving the team and the club still remained in the League Division; the next season of the Thailand League Division 1 in 2003–2004 the team was renamed once again as a group, done the team as FC Globlex Norgjorg by Somsak Chenchaowanich who signed as the new team manager.
That year, the team performed poorly. It must be relegated to play in Ngor Royal Cup in season 2004–2005 by returning to its original name but it was not as successful as it should; the Football Association wants to raise the level of league competition in Thailand so they established Thailand Division 2 League with a team led by Kho Royal Cup and Khor Royal Cup are mixed together to compete in the league this season which Norgjorg Pittayanusorn Football Club eligible entrants. In 2007 Siam Sport Syndicate by Rawi Lohtong the president of Siam Sport Syndicate bought the club and changed the name to Muangthong United F. C. and moved to a new ground at Muang Thong Thani called Thunderdome Stadium. The club's first success was winning the first place in the 2007 Season of the Thailand Division 2 League. From here, they were promoted to the Thai Division 1 League; the team was promoted to the Thai League 1 in the 2009 season so everyone praised Muangthong United in that season as "3 Years 3 Champs".
The club was promoted to play in the Thai Premier League in 2009, after it won the title for the Division one. In the 2009 season, the club had many notable players in the country. Despite a successful start to the season, they pledged in April 2009 with Attaphol Buspakom a new coach. For the summer break, the association is, as expected by all experts, among the top five of the table and plays for the championship. One factor contributing to the club's success is its close relationship with Belgian club Lierse, the acquisition of Thai star player Teeratep Winothai and Ronnachai Rangsiyo, the striker from PEA FC. Together with Teerasil Dangda, the club now has some of the most talented strikers in the country in its ranks. In 2010, Attaphol Buspakom was sacked following a string of unsuccessful results, was replaced by Belgian René Desaeyere, who managed Muangthong for two seasons. Under his leadership, Muangthong qualified for the 2010 AFC Champions League, they beat SHB Đà Nẵng from Vietnam 0–3 but lost out to Singapore Armed Forces on penalties after the game ended in a 1–1 draw.
They were eligible to play for the 2010 AFC Cup. They reached the semi-final round but lost to Al-Ittihad from Syria 2–1. In the 2010 Thai Premier League, they lost just three games out of 30, with seven draws, good enough to capture the league title for the second time. Dagno Siaka was the club's top scorer for in 2010 with 15 goals. At the start of the season Muangthong United signed former Liverpool player Robbie Fowler to a one-year contract. Muangthong United participated in the 2011 AFC Champions League play off rounds, they lost on penalties after the game ended in a 2 -- 2 draw. They were eligible to play for the 2011 AFC Cup, coming first in the group stage of the tournament. In their first match of the round of 16 they beat Al Ahed from Lebanon 4–0 but went on to lose to Kuwait SC in the quarter-finals round 1–0. After their tournament exit Henrique Calisto, the clubs manager, was sacked and Fowler took over as player/coach of Muangthong United. In 2011 Thai Premier League Muangthong United finished the season in third place in Thai league.
For the 2010–11 season and Teerasil Dangda is top score for club in 2011 season by 13 goals. After Fowler's contract expired, Muangthong United signed a contract with Serbia coach Slaviša Jokanović. During the pre-season, Muangthong United signed on many famous players such as Mario Gjurovski, Ri Kwang-Chon, Adnan Barakat, Mongkol Namnuad, the young player that crowned as best younger of Thailand etc. In this season, the club did not play in AFC Cup. Therefore, it tried to do the best in 2012 Thai League Cup, but they lost to TOT 3–4 and 2012 Thai FA Cup they lost to Army United 3–2, but they can win the 2012 Thai Premier League is a third of the club and Muangthong United became the first team in Thai Premier League to go the season unbeaten in the current 34-game format. In 2012, thumb Muangthong engaged an unbeaten run which lasted the whole season, Teerasil scored four goals in a single match, an 8–1 routing over BBCU on 18 October. Ten days he scored in a 2–2 draw against BEC Tero, a goal which granted the title, took his tally to 24 goals and broke the previous record of Ronnachai Sayomchai in 1998.
After his impressive goal tally in the season, Teerasil was invited by La Liga sides Atlético Madrid and Getafe for a trial, but as the former was a Muangthong partner, he headed to Atlético Madrid in January 2013. Not having won any trophies for three seasons in a row, the club started a campaign called "The Dream Te