Thais (horse)

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Thais
Sire St Serf
Grandsire St Simon
Dam Poetry
Damsire Petrarch
Sex Mare
Foaled 1893[1]
Country United Kingdom
Colour Brown
Breeder Prince of Wales
Owner Prince of Wales
Trainer Richard Marsh
Record 7: 2-2-2
Major wins
1000 Guineas (1896)

Thais (1893–1898) was a British Thoroughbred racehorse and broodmare. She showed very promising form as a juvenile in 1895 when she was placed in the New Stakes and the July Stakes before winning the Crabbet Plate at Gatwick. In the following year she won the 1000 Guineas and finished second in both the Epsom Oaks and the Coronation Stakes before being retired at the end of the season. She had no chance to prove her worth as a broodmare, dying at the age of five without producing a foal.

Background[edit]

Thais was a bay mare bred by her owner the Prince of Wales. She was sent into training with Richard Marsh at Egerton House in Newmarket, Suffolk. She was described as a "delicate and highly-strung" filly.[2]

She was sired by St Serf who won the Rous Memorial Stakes and went on to sire several other good horses included the St Leger winner Challacombe. Her dam Poetry, a half-sister to the St Leger winner Ossian,[3] was bred by the Duke of Devonshire and bought by the Prince of Wales for 430 guineas.[4]

Racing career[edit]

1895: two-year-old season[edit]

At Royal Ascot on 20 June Thais started at odds of 11/4 for the New Stakes over five and a half furlongs. Ridden by T J Calder she finished third, beaten a head and two lengths by Roquebrune and Shaddock.[5] In the July Stakes at Newmarket Racecourse she was made 2/1 favourite but finished a close third to the colts Galeazzo and Labrador.[6] On 24 July, with Calder in the saddle, the filly recorded her first success when she won the £1000 Crabbet Plate over five furlongs at Gatwick Racecourse.[7]

1896: three-year-old season[edit]

Thais's owner the Prince of Wales, later to become Edward VII

On 1 May Thais was one of 19 fillies to contest the 83rd running of the 1000 Guineas over the Rowley Mile at Newmarket and was made the 5/1 second favourite behind Omladina, a filly who had divided St Frusquin and Persimmon when running second in the Middle Park Plate. The best-fancied of the others were Lord Zetland's Jolly Boat, Douglas Baird's Santa Maura and the unnamed "sister to Ella Tweed". Ridden by John Watts, Thais took the lead a furlong out and won an "exciting race"[8] by a neck from Santa Maura, with Jolly Boat three quarters of a length away in third place.[9] As Thais and Santa Maura were racing on opposite sides of the wide course the finish was difficult to judge and many observers believed that the latter had won. The Royal victory was reportedly greeted by "cheers of the heartiest sort".[4]

At Epsom Racecourse on 5 June Thais started 13/8 favourite against ten opponents for the Oaks Stakes over one and a half miles. With Watts again in the saddle she looked the likely winner in the straight but was overtaken in the last quarter mile and was beaten two lengths into second place by Lord Derby's Canterbury Pilgrim.[10] Richard Marsh explained his trainee's defeat by stating that the filly had refused to eat since leaving Newmarket and was "quite off-colour".[11] In the Coronation Stakes over one mile at Royal Ascot later that month Thais finished in front of Canterbury Pilgrim but was beaten into second place by the Duke of Westminster's Helm, to whom she was conceding seven pounds.[12]

On 28 October, carrying a weight of 112 pounds, Thais finished unplaced behind Winkfield's Pride in the Cambridgeshire Handicap at Newmarket.[13]

Breeding record[edit]

At the end of the 1896 season Thais was retired to become a broodmare at the Royal stud at Sandringham.[14] She was barren when mated to Isinglass in 1897 and died in November 1898 of inflammation of the bowels[15] before producing any offspring.[16]

Pedigree[edit]

Pedigree of Thais (GB), brown mare, 1893[1]
Sire
St Serf (GB)
 1887
St Simon (GB)
 1881
Galopin Vedette
Flying Duchess
St Angela King Tom
Adeline
Feronia (GB)
 1868
Thormanby Windhound
Alice Hawthorn
Woodbine Stockwell
Honeysuckle
Dam
Poetry (GB)
1881
Petrarch (GB)
 1873
Lord Clifden Newminster
The Slave
Laura Orlando
Torment
Music (GB)
 1866
Stockwell The Baron
Pocahontas
One Act Annandale
Extravagana (Family 23-a)[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Thais pedigree". Equineline. 
  2. ^ Mortimer, Roger; Onslow, Richard; Willett, Peter (1978). Biographical Encyclopedia of British Flat Racing. Macdonald and Jane’s. ISBN 0-354-08536-0. 
  3. ^ a b "A-La-Grecque - Family 23-a". Thoroughbred Bloodlines. 
  4. ^ a b "Talk of the Day,". Otago Witness. 2 July 1896. p. 32 – via Papers Past. 
  5. ^ "Ascot Races". The Press. 13 August 1895. p. 2 – via Papers Past. 
  6. ^ "Sporting Notes". New Zealand Times. 10 September 1895. p. 4 – via Papers Past. 
  7. ^ "Gatwick. Wednesday, July 24". Otago Witness. 26 September 1895. p. 32 – via Papers Past. 
  8. ^ "Sporting". New Zealand Herald. 20 June 1896. p. 6 – via Papers Past. 
  9. ^ "Sporting Gossip". Evening Star (Dunedin). 27 June 1896. p. 4 – via Papers Past. 
  10. ^ "Sporting." New Zealand Herald. 25 July 1896. p. 6 – via Papers Past. 
  11. ^ "Sporting Items". The Press. 31 July 1896. p. 6 – via Papers Past. 
  12. ^ "Racing in England. Lingfield". Otago Witness. 13 August 1896. p. 34 – via Papers Past. 
  13. ^ "Racing in England". Otago Witness. 10 December 1896. p. 34 – via Papers Past. 
  14. ^ "In a Nutshell". Otago Witness. 30 May 1897. p. 32 – via Papers Past. 
  15. ^ Staff (25 November 1898). "Death of a Brood Mare". The Sportsman. 
  16. ^ "Sporting". New Zealand Herald. 28 November 1898. p. 6 – via Papers Past.