George Edward Lopez is a Mexican-American comedian and actor. He is known for starring in his self-produced ABC sitcom, his stand-up comedy examines race and ethnic relations, including Mexican American culture. Lopez has received several honors for his work and contributions to the Latino community, including the 2003 Imagen Vision Award, the 2003 Latino Spirit Award for Excellence in Television and the National Hispanic Media Coalition Impact Award, he was named one of "The Top 25 Hispanics in America" by Time magazine in 2005. Lopez was born on April 23, 1961, in Mission Hills, Los Angeles, the son of Frieda and Anatasio Lopez, a migrant worker, he is of Mestizo Mexican descent. He was deserted by his father when he was two months old and by his mother when he was 10 years old, but was raised by his maternal grandmother, Benita Gutierrez, a factory worker, step-grandfather, Refugio Gutierrez, a construction worker. Lopez attended San Fernando High School, graduating in 1979. In 2000, after several years of performing stand-up comedy, Lopez was approached by actress Sandra Bullock for Lopez to produce and star in a comedy.
Bullock was concerned about the lack of Hispanic-oriented sitcoms on American television and pushed to get a sitcom on television that starred Hispanics without being about the Hispanic American community. Long criticized by Hispanic American groups for lack of Latinos on their television shows, ABC picked up the television series. In 2002, Lopez became one of the few Latinos to star in a television comedy series, following in the footsteps of Desi Arnaz, Freddie Prinze, John Leguizamo. George Lopez is an American situation comedy that aired on ABC from 2002 to 2007. Lopez is the co-creator, writer and star of the show. On March 8, 2007, it was announced, it first aired on Nick at Nite on September 10, 2007. On May 15, 2007, ABC announced; the show last aired on ABC September 7, 2007. The show entered syndication in the fall of 2007. Never a big Nielsen hit in prime-time, the show became a surprise success in syndication. After receiving the news that his show was canceled in 2007, Lopez criticized president of ABC Entertainment Steve McPherson for using racially motivated reasons for his decision.
The actor told the Los Angeles Times that "TV just became really white again," and lashed out against ABC by saying, "So a chicano can't be on TV, but a caveman can?" in reference to the short-lived sitcom Cavemen, replacing George Lopez on the schedule. Cavemen garnered a negative reception from critics and viewers, was canceled after 13 episodes. Lopez blamed ABC for causing over a hundred of his show's staff to become jobless. Lopez was a cast member and commentator for HBO’s hit sports show Inside the NFL for the 2003–04 football season. Lopez guest-starred as the mayor of Reno, Nevada in season five of Reno 911! in 2008. On March 28, 2009, it was announced that Lopez would be hosting his own late night talk show on TBS. Lopez hosted a late-night talk show entitled Lopez Tonight on TBS Monday through Thursday at midnight Eastern Time; the show debuted in November 2009. In November 2010, the show moved back to midnight ET to accommodate a new show with former Tonight Show host Conan O'Brien.
Lopez supported and advocated for the move, making it different from the 2010 Tonight Show conflict that saw O'Brien depart NBC after a proposal to push Tonight back 30 minutes for Jay Leno to return to the 11:35 p.m. slot. On August 10, 2011 Lopez received a cancellation notice from TBS; the network decided not to renew Lopez Tonight for a third season. On April 18, 2013, it was announced George Lopez would be starring in his own sitcom on FX called Saint George, which premiered on March 6, 2014. Saint George was produced under Debmar-Mercury and Lionsgate Television's syndication model, which states that if a show hits certain ratings thresholds in its first 10-episode run, it triggers an additional 90-episode order. Failing to do so, Saint George was canceled on June 2014, after one season. In August, 2015, TV Land announced a straight-to-series order for Lopez, a semi-autobiographical single-camera sitcom, which debuted on March 30, 2016. George was invited to be a guest judge on America's Got Talent in 2016.
He was allowed to use his golden buzzer once. He used his on the dance group Malevo. Lopez's HBO Films drama Real Women Have Curves premiered at the Sundance Film Festival, where it received the 2002 Audience Award. Lopez was featured in the 2000 drama Bread and Roses, he starred in the ABC Wonderful World of Disney Christmas film Naughty or Nice, he in the Robert Rodríguez-directed film The Adventures of Shark Boy & Lava Girl Brown is The New Green: George Lopez and the American Dream is a 2007 documentary directed and produced by Phillip Rodriguez. In 2010, Lopez appeared in The Spy Next Door with Jackie Chan. In 2011, Lopez reprised his role as Papi for Beverly Hills Chihuahua 2, was the voice of a toco toucan, Rafael, in the box-office animated hit Rio, alongside Jesse Eisenberg, Anne Hathaway, will.i.am, Jamie Foxx. Lopez's autobiography Why You Crying was published by the Touchstone/Fireside division of Simon & Schuster, placed in the New York Times Bestsellers top twenty; the book is co-written by Armen Keteyian.
In January 2009, Lopez appeared in We Are One: The Obama Inaugural Celebration at the Lincoln Memorial. He is a two-time host of the Latin Grammy Awards, a co-host of the Emmy Awards. In 1993, Lopez married Ann Serrano; the couple has a daughter, born in 1996. On September 27, 2010, Lopez announced
A music genre is a conventional category that identifies some pieces of music as belonging to a shared tradition or set of conventions. It is to be distinguished from musical form and musical style, although in practice these terms are sometimes used interchangeably. Academics have argued that categorizing music by genre is inaccurate and outdated. Music can be divided into different genres in many different ways; the artistic nature of music means that these classifications are subjective and controversial, some genres may overlap. There are varying academic definitions of the term genre itself. In his book Form in Tonal Music, Douglass M. Green distinguishes between form, he lists madrigal, canzona and dance as examples of genres from the Renaissance period. To further clarify the meaning of genre, Green writes, "Beethoven's Op. 61 and Mendelssohn's Op. 64 are identical in genre – both are violin concertos – but different in form. However, Mozart's Rondo for Piano, K. 511, the Agnus Dei from his Mass, K. 317 are quite different in genre but happen to be similar in form."
Some, like Peter van der Merwe, treat the terms genre and style as the same, saying that genre should be defined as pieces of music that share a certain style or "basic musical language." Others, such as Allan F. Moore, state that genre and style are two separate terms, that secondary characteristics such as subject matter can differentiate between genres. A music genre or subgenre may be defined by the musical techniques, the style, the cultural context, the content and spirit of the themes. Geographical origin is sometimes used to identify a music genre, though a single geographical category will include a wide variety of subgenres. Timothy Laurie argues that since the early 1980s, "genre has graduated from being a subset of popular music studies to being an ubiquitous framework for constituting and evaluating musical research objects". Among the criteria used to classify musical genres are the trichotomy of art and traditional musics. Alternatively, music can be divided on three variables: arousal and depth.
Arousal reflects the energy level of the music. These three variables help explain why many people like similar songs from different traditionally segregated genres. Musicologists have sometimes classified music according to a trichotomic distinction such as Philip Tagg's "axiomatic triangle consisting of'folk','art' and'popular' musics", he explains that each of these three is distinguishable from the others according to certain criteria. The term art music refers to classical traditions, including both contemporary and historical classical music forms. Art music exists in many parts of the world, it emphasizes formal styles that invite technical and detailed deconstruction and criticism, demand focused attention from the listener. In Western practice, art music is considered a written musical tradition, preserved in some form of music notation rather than being transmitted orally, by rote, or in recordings, as popular and traditional music are. Most western art music has been written down using the standard forms of music notation that evolved in Europe, beginning well before the Renaissance and reaching its maturity in the Romantic period.
The identity of a "work" or "piece" of art music is defined by the notated version rather than by a particular performance, is associated with the composer rather than the performer. This is so in the case of western classical music. Art music may include certain forms of jazz, though some feel that jazz is a form of popular music. Sacred Christian music forms an important part of the classical music tradition and repertoire, but can be considered to have an identity of its own; the term popular music refers to any musical style accessible to the general public and disseminated by the mass media. Musicologist and popular music specialist Philip Tagg defined the notion in the light of sociocultural and economical aspects: Popular music, unlike art music, is conceived for mass distribution to large and socioculturally heterogeneous groups of listeners and distributed in non-written form, only possible in an industrial monetary economy where it becomes a commodity and in capitalist societies, subject to the laws of'free' enterprise... it should ideally sell as much as possible.
Popular music is found on most commercial and public service radio stations, in most commercial music retailers and department stores, in movie and television soundtracks. It is noted on the Billboard charts and, in addition to singer-songwriters and composers, it involves music producers more than other genres do; the distinction between classical and popular music has sometimes been blurred in marginal areas such as minimalist music and light classics. Background music for films/movies draws on both traditions. In this respect, music is like fiction, which draws a distinction between literary fiction and popular fiction, not always precise. Country music known as country and western, hillbilly music, is a genre of popular music that originated in the southern United States in the early 1920s; the polka is a Czech dance and genre of dance music familiar throughout Europe and the Americas. Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the early 1950s, developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and particular
Robert Anthony Rodriguez is an American filmmaker. He shoots, edits and scores many of his films in Mexico and his home state, Texas. Rodriguez directed the 1992 action film El Mariachi, a commercial success after grossing $2 million against a budget of $7,000; the film spawned two sequels known collectively as the Mexico Trilogy: Desperado and Once Upon a Time in Mexico. He developed its television adaptation series. Rodriguez co-directed the 2005 neo-noir crime thriller anthology Sin City and the 2014 sequel, Sin City: A Dame to Kill For. Rodriguez directed the Spy Kids films, The Faculty, The Adventures of Sharkboy and Lavagirl, Planet Terror and Alita: Battle Angel, he is a friend and frequent collaborator of filmmaker Quentin Tarantino, who founded the production company A Band Apart, of which Rodriguez was a member. In December 2013, Rodriguez launched El Rey. Rodríguez was born in San Antonio, the son of Mexican parents Rebecca, a nurse, Cecilio G. Rodríguez, a salesman, he began his interest in film at age eleven, when his father bought one of the first VCRs, which came with a camera.
While attending St. Anthony High School Seminary in San Antonio, Rodríguez was commissioned to videotape the school's football games. According to his sister, he was fired soon afterward as he had shot footage in a cinematic style, getting shots of parents' reactions and the ball traveling through the air instead of shooting the whole play. In high school, he met Carlos Gallardo. Rodriguez went to the College of Communication at the University of Texas at Austin, where he developed a love of cartooning. Not having grades high enough to be accepted into the school's film program, he created a daily comic strip entitled Los Hooligans. Many of the characters were based on his siblings – in particular, one of his sisters, Maricarmen; the comic ran for three years in the student newspaper The Daily Texan, while Rodríguez continued to make short films. Rodríguez edited on two VCRs. In late 1990, his entry in a local film contest earned him a spot in the university's film program. There he made the award-winning 16 mm short Bedhead.
The film chronicles the amusing misadventures of a young girl whose older brother sports an tangled mess of hair which she detests. At this early stage, Rodríguez's trademark style began to emerge: quick cuts, intense zooms, fast camera movements deployed with a sense of humor. Bedhead was recognized for excellence in the Black Maria Film Festival, it was selected by Film/Video Curator Sally Berger for the Black Maria 20th-anniversary retrospective at MoMA in 2006. The short film "Bedhead" attracted enough attention to encourage him to attempt a career as a filmmaker, he went on to shoot the action flick El Mariachi in Spanish. Rodriguez won the Audience Award for this film at the Sundance Film Festival in 1993. Intended for the Spanish-language low-budget home-video market, the film was "cleaned up" by Columbia Pictures with post-production work costing several hundred thousand dollars before it was distributed in the United States, its promotion still advertised it as "the movie made for $7,000".
Rodríguez described his experiences making the film in his book Rebel Without a Crew. Desperado was a sequel to El Mariachi that starred Antonio Banderas and introduced Salma Hayek to American audiences. Rodríguez went on to collaborate with Quentin Tarantino on the vampire thriller From Dusk till Dawn, he wrote and produced the TV series for his own cable network, El Rey. Rodriguez has worked with Kevin Williamson, on the horror film The Faculty. In 2001, Rodríguez enjoyed his first Hollywood hit with Spy Kids, which went on to become a movie franchise. A third "mariachi" film appeared in late 2003, Once Upon a Time in Mexico, which completed the Mexico Trilogy, he operates a production company called Troublemaker Studios Los Hooligans Productions. Rodríguez co-directed Sin City, an adaptation of the Frank Miller Sin City comic books. During production in 2004, Rodríguez insisted Miller to be credited as co-director, because he considered the visual style of Miller's comic art to be just as important as his own in the film.
However, the Directors Guild of America would not allow it, citing that only "legitimate teams", e.g. the Wachowskis, could share the director's credit. Rodríguez chose to resign from the DGA, stating, "It was easier for me to resign before shooting because otherwise I'd be forced to make compromises I was unwilling to make or set a precedent that might hurt the guild on." By resigning from the DGA, Rodríguez was forced to relinquish his director's seat on the film John Carter of Mars for Paramount Pictures. Rodríguez had signed on and had been announced as director of that film, planning to begin filming soon after completing Sin City. Sin City was a critical hit in 2005 as well as a box office success for a hyperviolent comic book adaptation that did not have name recognition comparable to the X-Men or Spider-Man, he has an interest in adapting all of Miller's Sin City comic books. Rodríguez released The Adventures of Sharkboy and Lavagirl in 2005, a superhero-kid movie intended for the same younger audiences as his Spy Kids series.
Sin City (soundtrack)
Sin City: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack is the soundtrack to the 2005 film Sin City. It features music composed by Robert Rodriguez, John Debney and Graeme Revell, performed by the Hollywood Studio Symphony, as well as the orchestral track "Sensemayá" from Mexican composer Silvestre Revueltas and the electronica piece "Absurd" by Fluke; because the film is based on different comic book stories, each composer was assigned to score a different story. Revell scored the music to The Hard Goodbye; the song featured in the trailers and television spots was an instrumental version of the song "Cells" by The Servant and appeared in the movie as a sample. Executive Producer: Robert Townson Conducted by John Debney Score Recorded at Todd-AO Scoring, Studio City, CA Score Mixed at Media Ventures, Santa Monica, CA Score Recorded and Mixed by Alan Meyerson Additional Conducting: Bruce Babcock Electronic Score Engineer: Wolfgang Amadeus Music Score Coordinator: Lola Debney Performed by The Hollywood Studio Symphony Package Design by Matthew Joseph Peak / SoundChaser Studios Saxophone solo: Dan Higgins Trumpet solo: Dan Savant Tenor Sax: Johnny Reno Upright Bass solos: Mike Valerio Strings: 30 violins, 18 violas, 12 violoncellos, 8 double basses Brass: 4 horns, 3 trumpets, 3 trombones, alto & bass saxophones Jerry McCulley of Amazon.com says, "While their synth-driven cues tend towards brooding atmospheric soundscapes, their tense electro-rhythms are seasoned with bracing doses of sinewy, sensual sax and dotted with the occasional bongo flourish, details that musically evoke both a shadowy humanity and the film's genre-savvy roots."Mike Brennan of SoundtrackNet gives it four stars saying, "While each composer brings a different style and feel to the film, the rough saxophone and sorrowful trumpet and vocal solos maintain a soundscape that keeps the film one entity rather than three separate stories.
Behind a groundbreaking visual piece is a unique musical journey that takes the listener into the world of Sin City."Christian Clemmensen of Filmtracks.com said, "Sin City is a decent score with an excellent rendering. No single element will blow you away, but its whole is organic and pulpy." Official website
Mr. & Mrs. Smith (2005 film)
Mr. & Mrs. Smith is a 2005 American romantic action comedy directed by Doug Liman and written by Simon Kinberg; the film stars Brad Pitt and Angelina Jolie as a bored upper-middle class married couple surprised to learn that they are assassins belonging to competing agencies, that they have been assigned to kill each other. It was based in part on the 1996 TV show of the same name starring Scott Bakula. Besides being a box office hit, it established Pitt and Jolie's relationship. Construction executive John and tech support consultant Jane Smith are answering questions during marriage counseling; the couple has been married for "five or six" years, but their marriage is suffering to the point that they cannot remember the last time they had sex. They tell the story of their first meeting in Bogotá, where they were both secretly on the run from the Colombian authorities - since the authorities were looking for tourists traveling alone after a recent heist, the two claimed to be together to avoid being questioned.
They fell in love and married. John states that Jane "looked like Christmas morning" to him on the day they met. In reality and Jane are both skilled contract killers working for different firms, both among the best in their field, each concealing their true professions from one another; the couple live in a large Colonial Revival house in the suburbs and, to keep up appearances, socialise with their "conventionally" wealthy neighbors. Under these cover stories and Jane balance their mundane marriage – which both of them find after a few years to be growing dull and suffocating – with their secretive work; when both are assigned to kill DIA prisoner Benjamin "The Tank" Danz during a transfer, they encounter each other on the job and the hit ends up botched: Danz survives, while John and Jane are assigned to kill each other instead. After making escalating attempts on each other's lives, the Smiths' conflict culminates in a massive shootout that nearly demolishes their home. In a protracted, evenly matched fight, they wind up with guns in each other's faces.
John declines to shoot, his feelings for Jane rekindled, lays his gun down. Jane finds she cannot shoot John either, the two have passionate sex; the renewed Smith partnership is threatened by their employers, who join forces to eliminate the couple. John's best friend and coworker, turns down a bounty of $400,000 for each Smith, but John and Jane find themselves under fire from an army of assassins. Fending off an attack which blows up their pockmarked house, the Smiths steal their neighbor's minivan and destroy their attackers' three pursuing armored sedans, all while bickering over their fighting styles and newly discovered personal secrets. After meeting with Eddie, the Smiths decide to fight together to preserve their marriage, they kidnap Danz from his high-security prison to use him as a bargaining chip. Danz reveals that he was bait, hired jointly by their employers after it was discovered that the Smiths were married, in the hopes of having one Smith kill the other. John and Jane make their last stand together.
In the final fight scene of the film, the Smiths – now working smoothly together as a team – defeat an extended attack by a large force of armed operatives during a long shootout inside a home decorating store. The film ends with the couple meeting the marriage counselor again, where the Smiths state how much their marriage has thrived, with John encouraging him to ask for an update on their sex lives. An alternate ending shows that they chose to move to Rome and had a child who inherited their assassin skills. Screenwriter Simon Kinberg came up with the idea for the film after listening to a couple of his friends who were in therapy for their marriage. Kinberg noticed that the way they were describing it sounded "aggressive and mercenary" and he "thought it would make an interesting template for a relationship inside of an action film." Three soundtrack albums were released from the film: a film score composed by John Powell, a U. S. soundtrack with songs used in the film and an International Soundtrack with the song by Pink Martini replaced with KansasCali.
The albums were released at different times to avoid confusion. Score track listing"Bogota" "The Bedroom" "Playing House" "Assignments" "His and Her Hits" "Office Work" "Desert Foxes" "John and Jane's Identity" "Dinner" "Hood Jump" "Mutual Thoughts" "John Drops In" "Tango de Los Asesinos" "Two Phone Calls" "Kiss and Make Up" "Minivan Chase" "Shopping Spree" "Dodging Bullets" "The Next Adventure" "Jesus of Surburbia"Soundtrack track listing"Love Stinks" – The J. Geils Band "Nothin' but a Good Time" – Poison "Tainted Love" – Soft Cell "Baby, Baby" – Alana D. "Express Yourself" – Charles Wright & the Watts 103rd Street Rhythm Band "Mondo Bongo" – Joe Strummer & The Mescaleros "Lay Lady Lay" – Magnet featuring Gemma Hayes "I Melt with You" – Nouvelle Vague "Nobody Does It Better" – 8mm "Let's Never Stop Falling in Love" – Pink Martini "Tango De Los Asesinos" – John Powell "Used to Love Her" – Voodoo Glow Skulls "You Are My Sunshine" – Stine J. "You've Lost That Lovin' Feelin'" – The Righteous Brothers "Making Love Out of Nothing at All" – Air Supply "You Give Love a Bad Name" – Atreyu "Love Will Keep Us Together" – Captain & Tennille Mr. & Mrs. Smith opened on June 10, 2005 in the United
Impact Wrestling is a Canadian-based American professional wrestling promotion founded in Nashville and based in Toronto, Canada. The promotion is operated by Anthem Wrestling Exhibitions, LLC, a subsidiary of Anthem Sports & Entertainment. Founded by Jeff and Jerry Jarrett in 2002, in Nashville, Tennessee the promotion was known as NWA: Total Nonstop Action and was associated with the National Wrestling Alliance, it withdrew from the NWA in 2004 and became known as Total Nonstop Action Wrestling, but it continued to use the NWA World Heavyweight and the NWA World Tag Team championships as part of an agreement. After the agreement ended in 2007, the company created its own TNA World Heavyweight and TNA World Tag Team championships; the promotion was purchased by Anthem at the beginning of 2017, it was renamed Impact Wrestling after its main television series. Impact Wrestling had been considered the second largest professional wrestling promotion in the United States behind WWE up to at least 2015.
However, from mid-2017, Impact has become viewed to have fallen behind longtime rival Ring of Honor. The loss of their former television contract and personnel issues have been noted as contributing factors to their decline; the concept of TNA originated shortly after World Championship Wrestling ended in 2001. Bob Ryder, Jeff Jarrett and Jerry Jarrett went on a fishing trip and contemplated their futures in the professional wrestling business. Only one wrestling product remained on United States national television: the World Wrestling Federation. Ryder felt that this situation led many television stations to regard professional wrestling as bad for business, so he suggested a company not reliant on television, but rather one going straight to pay-per-view. In July 2002, Vince Russo joined Jeff and Jerry Jarrett's NWA-TNA promotion as a creative writer and would assist in the writing and production of the shows. Russo states that he coined the name "Total Nonstop Action", the initials of the company "TNA" being a play on "T&A".
The original intention, as they were exclusive to pay-per-view, was to be viewed as an edgier product than WWE. The Jarretts found the financial backing they needed and the company put on its first show on June 19, 2002; that night, however, in a dark match just before they went on the air, a 450 lb wrestler named Cheex hit the ropes with so much force that one of them broke. The estimated repair time was 30–60 minutes, which they did not have because the schedule called for them to go live in a few minutes, whether the ring was ready or not. Backstage, the producers shuffled the schedule so that some non-wrestling segments went first to give the ring crew some more time, but they did not have many of them; the ring crew fixed the rope with the help of Ron and Don Harris, everyone went live hoping for the best. In October 2002, Panda Energy purchased a controlling interest of Total Nonstop Action Wrestling. TNA's weekly pay-per-view show operated as the company's main source of revenue, in place of monthly pay-per-view events used by other promotions.
These shows took place at the Tennessee State Fairground Sports Arena in Nashville, nicknamed the "TNA Asylum". After 27 months and 111 pay-per-view events, TNA began holding a weekly television show and monthly three-hour pay-per-views; the last weekly pay-per-view took place on September 8, 2004. Xplosion launched on November 27, 2002 as TNA's first regular cable show and featured exclusive matches from the TNA Asylum as well as exclusive interviews with TNA wrestlers. On November 18, 2004, the show became a recap show of the previous week's Impact! in light of alterations in the taping schedule. Xplosion resumed airing exclusive matches once more on October 7, 2005 in addition to recapping Impact!. The "Xplosion Xclusives" aired on the now-ceased TNA Global Impact! internet show. Airing of Xplosion in the United States ceased at the end of 2006, although some of the exclusive matches can be seen on TNA Today. In May 2004, TNA introduced a television program, Impact!, produced at Soundstage 21 at Universal Studios Florida and broadcast on Fox Sports.
The transition included the use of a six-sided wrestling ring, the implementation of the "Fox Box" displaying competitors and timekeeping for the match and a more sports-like style than the sports entertainment style exemplified by WWE. With the switch to cable television, TNA discontinued their weekly pay-per-view shows in favor of a monthly 3-hour pay-per-view format as used by WCW and Extreme Championship Wrestling and as used by WWE. In November 2004, TNA held the first of these pay-per-views, Victory Road, beginning the pattern of pay-per-view shows that continued until 2013; the television contract with Fox Sports expired in May 2005 and was not renegotiated, leaving TNA without television exposure. This prompted TNA to air Impact! Via webcasts – made available via BitTorrent and via RealPlayer – and on Urban America Television replacing Xplosion. During this time, TNA continued pursuing a profitable television deal for regular broadcasting. TNA would secure a deal with Spike TV and aired its first episode on October 1, 2005.
In October 2006, TNA began holding select pay-per-views outside of its central filming location, the Impact Zone in Orlando, with Bound for Glory. In April 2006, TNA began a partnership with YouTube, under which TNA supplied YouTube with exclusive video-content in exchange for hosting, leading to the production of internet shows. In January 2007, TNA's mobile-content deal with New Motion, Inc. led to the introduction of TNA Mobile a
Taylor Daniel Lautner is an American actor, voice actor, model. He is known for playing Jacob Black in The Twilight Saga film series based on the novels of the same name by Stephenie Meyer. Lautner began his acting career playing bit roles in comedy series such as The Bernie Mac Show and My Wife and Kids, before having voice roles in television series like What's New, Scooby-Doo? and Danny Phantom. In 2005, he appeared in the film Cheaper by the Dozen 2 and starred in The Adventures of Sharkboy and Lavagirl in 3-D, he starred in the 2011 action film Abduction. Since 2013, Lautner has starred in the BBC sitcom Cuckoo as the son of the titular main character. In 2016, he played a leading role, Dr. Cassidy Cascade, in the second season of FOX black comedy series Scream Queens; the late 2000s saw Lautner become a teen idol and sex symbol, after extensively changing his physique to keep the role of Jacob Black in further Twilight installments, generating media attention for his looks. In 2010, he was ranked second on Glamour's "The 50 Sexiest Men of 2010" list, fourth on People's "Most Amazing Bodies" list.
In the same year, Lautner was named the highest-paid teenage actor in Hollywood. Lautner was born on February 11, 1992, in Grand Rapids, the son of Deborah and Daniel Lautner, his mother works for a software development company. He has one younger sister named Makena. Raised as a Roman Catholic, Lautner has Austrian, English, German and Swiss ancestry, has stated that he has "distant" Native American ancestry through his mother, he grew up in a town near Grand Rapids. He has stated, he commented, "I just had to tell myself'I can't let this get to me. This is, and I'm going to continue doing it.'"He took his first karate class at the age of six. A year he attended the national karate tournament in Louisville, where he met Michael Chaturantabut, the founder of Xtreme Martial Arts. Chaturantabut invited Lautner to a camp he held at University of Los Angeles. Lautner trained with Chaturantabut for several years, earning his black belt by the age of eight, winning several junior world championships, he appeared in an ISKA karate event televised on ESPN in 2003, lampooned on the sports-comedy show Cheap Seats that first aired in 2006.
In junior high, Lautner—who was involved in karate and hip-hop dance—won the award for "Best Smile" and played in the school's Turkey Bowl American Football game. He went to public school in California at Valencia High School until his sophomore year. Chaturantabut, who once portrayed the Blue Ranger in Power Rangers Lightspeed Rescue, suggested to Lautner that he take up acting. For a few years, the Lautners flew from Michigan to Los Angeles for auditions when his talent agency called, returned to Grand Rapids for school sometimes the same day. Lautner balanced karate and acting with being on the football and baseball teams at his school, taking up jazz and hip-hop dance. After that became tiring and his family decided to move to California for a month, to try it out, before moving to Santa Clarita, permanently in 2002. In his first months after moving to Los Angeles, Lautner appeared in small television roles, small film roles, ads and commercials. In 2001, Lautner first appeared in Shadow Fury.
He got a voice-over job in a commercial for Rugrats Go Wild. He appeared in small television roles on The Bernie Mac Show, My Wife and Kids, Summerland. Lautner earned voice-over roles in animated series such as Danny Phantom, Duck Dodgers, What's New, Scooby-Doo?. The same year, he earned his first breakout role, starring in the film, The Adventures of Sharkboy and Lavagirl in 3-D. Lautner spent three months on location in Austin, Texas, to film the movie, received with negative reviews from critics, was a minor international success. However, Lautner was nominated at the 2006 Young Artist Awards for Best Performance in a Feature Film by a Leading Actor. For the film, Lautner choreographed all of his fight scenes after director Robert Rodríguez learned of his extensive martial arts training. Months he played Eliot Murtaugh in Cheaper by the Dozen 2, panned by critics, being named one of the "Worst Films of the 2000s" by Rotten Tomatoes. After returning from Canada filming the latter movie, Lautner said he realized his newfound fame, from Sharkboy and Lavagirl.
In 2006 he appeared in the show Love Inc. and the TV special He's Charlie Brown. Two years Lautner appeared in a lead role in the short-lived NBC drama, My Own Worst Enemy, portraying Christian Slater's son, Jack Spivey. Rolling Stone coined his early roles as either "the popular kid, jock, or bully." In 2007, filmmakers began a search for actors to portray Jacob Black, a Native American friend of lead character Bella Swan in Twilight, the first film in The Twilight Saga film series. In January 2008, an open casting call was held in Oregon. Lautner was urged by his agent to audition. At his audition, he read lines with Kristen Stewart, cast as Bella, they acted out scenes from The Twilight Saga: New Moon and The Twilight Saga: Eclipse; the film was a commercial success, earning $69 million its opening weekend, has grossed $392 million worldwide. It received mixed reviews from critics, having a "Rotten" rating with a weighted average of 5.5/10. In describing the critical consensus, it stated: "Having lost much of its bite transitioning to the big