Outdoor recreation or outdoor activity refers to recreation engaged in out of doors, most in natural settings. The activities themselves — such as fishing, hunting and horseback riding — characteristically determine where they are practiced, they are pursued variously for enjoyment, challenge, spiritual renewal, an opportunity to partake in Nature. Though the activities are inherently lean to sports they nonetheless do not all demand that a participant be an athlete, competition is less stressed than in individual or team sports organized into opposing squads in pursuit of a trophy or championship; when the activity involves exceptional excitement, physical challenge, or risk, it is sometimes referred to as "adventure recreation" or "adventure training", rather than an extreme sport. Other traditional examples of outdoor recreational activities include hiking, mountaineering, canoeing, kayaking, rock climbing, sailing, sky diving and surfing; as new pursuits hybrids of prior ones, they gain their own identities, such as coasteering and fastpacking.
Outdoor recreation consists of a range of various outdoor activities. Although many are considered sports, participants need not associate with teams, competitions or clubs. Activities include backpacking, canyoning, climbing, hill walking, hunting and rafting. Arguably, broader groupings include water sports, snow sports, horseback riding; the outdoors as a physical or social setting may meet the needs of physical health, self-sufficiency, risk-taking, the building of social ties, the needs of achievement. The outdoors can be an environment in which people "show what they can do". Pleasurable appreciation encourages experiences of being "let in on nature's show". Enhancement of inner perceptual and/or spiritual life may be experienced through outdoor activities and outdoor-related activities such as nature study, aesthetic contemplation, painting, archeological or historical research, indigenous culture among others; these activities may be physically rewarding. Outdoor activities may be pursued for the purposes of finding peace in nature, enjoying life, relaxing.
They are alternatives to expensive forms of tourism. Outdoor activities are frequently used as a medium in education and team building. Trekking is about enjoying a great walking holiday. Treks can be day hikes, extended hikes. An example of a day trek is hiking during the day and returning at night to a lodge for a hot meal and a comfortable bed. Trekking can be more enjoyable when undertaken while being physically fit. Physical preparation for trekking includes cycling, swimming and long walks. To ensure the safest experience possible it is a good idea to have some form of experience with basic survival skills, first aid, orienteering when going for extended hikes or staying out overnight. It's expected that backpackers leave no trace while enjoying the outdoors; the activity of mountain biking involves steering a mountain cycle over rocky tracks and around boulder-strewn paths. To tackle the trails, the requirements are stamina and a strong mountain cycle. Mountain bikes or ATBs feature a rugged fork.
Their frames are built of aluminum so they are lightweight and stiff, making them efficient to ride. Many styles of mountain biking are practiced, including all mountain, trials, dirt jumping, trail riding, cross country; the latter two are the most common. Balance, core strength, endurance are all physical traits that are required to go mountain biking. Riders need bike handling skills and the ability to make basic repairs to their bikes. Advanced mountain bikers attempt technical descents as well as some of the more intense styles of mountain biking, such as down hilling and free riding. Canyoning is an activity which involves climbing, descending and trekking through canyons; the sport involves both caving and climbing techniques. When people mention canyoning they are referring to descents that involve rope work, down-climbing, or jumps that are technical in nature. Canyoning is done in remote and rugged settings and requires navigational, route-finding and other wilderness skills. University outdoor recreation programs are becoming more popular in the United States.
Universities offer indoor rock climbing walls, equipment rental, ropes courses and trip programming. A few universities give degrees in adventure recreation, which aims to teach graduates how to run businesses in the field of adventure recreation. Along with hands-on training on activities included in adventure recreation, basic courses needed for any business, such as accounting, are required to obtain a degree; the UK house of commons' Education and Skills Committee supports outdoor education. The committee encourages fieldwork projects since it helps in the development of ‘soft’ skills and social skills in hard to reach children; these activities can take place on school trips, on visits in the local community or on the school grounds. An outdoor enthusiast is a gender-neutral term for a person; the terms outdoorsman and woodsman have been used to describe someone with an affinity for the outdoors. Some famous outdoor enthusiasts include U. S. president Teddy Roosevelt, Robert Baden-Powell, Ernest Hemingway, Ray Mears, Bear Grylls, Doug Peacock, Richard Wiese, Kenneth "Speedy" Raulerso
Robert Selden Duvall is an American actor and filmmaker whose career spans more than six decades. He has been nominated for seven Academy Awards and seven Golden Globe Awards, has won a BAFTA, a Screen Actors Guild Award, an Emmy Award, he received the National Medal of Arts in 2005. Duvall has starred in numerous films and television series, including To Kill a Mockingbird, The Twilight Zone, The Outer Limits, True Grit, MASH, THX 1138, Joe Kidd, The Godfather, The Godfather Part II, The Conversation, Apocalypse Now, The Great Santini, The Natural, Lonesome Dove, The Handmaid's Tale, Days of Thunder, Rambling Rose, Falling Down. Duvall began appearing in theatre during the late 1950s, moving into television and film roles during the early 1960s, playing Boo Radley in To Kill a Mockingbird and appearing in Captain Newman, M. D.. and the lead role in THX 1138, as well as Horton Foote's adaptation of William Faulkner's Tomorrow, developed at The Actors Studio and is Duvall's personal favorite.
This was followed by a series of critically lauded performances in commercially successful films. Duvall has continued to act in both film and television with such productions as Tender Mercies, The Natural, the television miniseries Lonesome Dove, Newsies, The Man Who Captured Eichmann, Phenomenon, A Family Thing, The Apostle, A Civil Action, Deep Impact, Gone in 60 Seconds, Open Range and Generals, Secondhand Lions, Broken Trail, Get Low, Jack Reacher, A Night in Old Mexico, The Judge, Wild Horses. Duvall was born January 5, 1931, in San Diego, the son of Mildred Virginia, an amateur actress, William Howard Duvall, a Virginia-born U. S. Navy admiral, he has English, smaller amounts of Belgian, French Huguenot, Scottish, Swiss-German, Welsh ancestry. His mother was a relative of American Civil War General Robert E. Lee, a member of the Lee Family of Virginia, while his father was a descendant of settler Mareen Duvall. Duvall was raised in the Christian Science religion and has stated that, while it is his belief, he does not attend church.
He grew up in Annapolis, site of the United States Naval Academy. He recalled: "I was a Navy brat. My father started at the Academy when he was 16, made captain at 39 and retired as a rear admiral." He attended Severn School in Severna Park and The Principia in St. Louis, Missouri, he graduated, in 1953, from Principia College in Elsah, with a Bachelor of Arts degree in Drama. Duvall served in the United States Army for a brief period shortly after the Korean War leaving the Army as private first class. "That's led to some confusion in the press," he explained in 1984, "Some stories have me shooting it out with the Commies from a foxhole over in Frozen Chosin. Pork Chop Hill stuff. Hell, I qualified with the M-1 rifle in basic training". While stationed at Camp Gordon in Georgia, Duvall acted in an amateur production of the comedy Room Service in nearby Augusta, Georgia. In the winter of 1955, Duvall began studies at the Neighborhood Playhouse School of the Theatre in New York City, under Sanford Meisner, on the G.
I. Bill. During his two years there, Dustin Hoffman, Gene Hackman, James Caan were among his classmates. While studying acting, he worked as a Manhattan post office clerk. Duvall remains friends today with fellow California-born actors Hoffman and Hackman, who he knew during their years as struggling actors. In 1955, Duvall roomed with Hoffman in a New York City apartment while they were studying together at the Playhouse. Around this time, he roomed with Hackman, while working odd jobs such as clerking at Macy's, sorting mail at the post office, driving a truck; the three roommates have since earned, among themselves, 19 Academy Award nominations, with five wins. Duvall began his professional acting career with the Gateway Playhouse, an Equity summer theatre based in Bellport, Long Island, New York. Arguably his stage debut was in its 1952 season when he played the Pilot in Laughter In The Stars, an adaptation of The Little Prince, at what was the Gateway Theatre. After a year's absence when he was with the U.
S. Army, he returned to Gateway in its 1955 summer season, playing: Eddie Davis in Ronald Alexander's Time Out For Ginger, Hal Carter in William Inge's Picnic, Charles Wilder in John Willard's The Cat And The Canary, Paris in Arthur Miller's The Crucible, John the Witchboy in William Berney and Howard Richardson's Dark of the Moon; the playbill of Dark of the Moon indicated that he had portrayed the Witchboy before and that he will "repeat his famous portrayal" of this character for the 1955 season's revival of this play. For Gateway's 1956 season, he played the role of Max Halliday in Frederick Knott's Dial M for Murder, Virgil Blessing in Inge's Bus Stop, Clive Mortimer in John van Druten's I Am a Camera; the playbills for the 1956 season described him as "an audience favorite" in the last season and as having "appeared at the Neighborhood Playhouse in New York and studied acting with Sandy Meisner this past winter". In its 1957 season, he appeared as Mr. Mayher in Agatha Christie's Witness For The
}} Larry Martin Hagman was an American film and television actor and producer best known for playing ruthless oil baron J. R. Ewing in the 1980s primetime television soap opera Dallas and befuddled astronaut Major Anthony "Tony" Nelson in the 1960s sitcom I Dream of Jeannie. Hagman had supporting roles in numerous films, including Fail-Safe and Tonto, S. O. B. Nixon and Primary Colors, his television appearances included guest roles on dozens of shows spanning from the late 1950s until his death and a reprise of his signature role on the 2012 revival of Dallas. He worked as a television producer and director. Hagman was the son of actress Mary Martin, he underwent a life-saving liver transplant in 1995. He died on November 2012 from complications of acute myeloid leukemia. Hagman was born on September 1931, in Fort Worth, Texas, his mother, Mary Martin, became a Broadway actress and musical comedy star after his birth. His father, Benjamin Jackson Hagman, of Swedish descent, was an accountant and lawyer who worked as a district attorney.
Hagman's parents divorced in 1936. He lived with his maternal grandmother, Juanita Presley Martin, in Texas and California while his mother became a contract player with Paramount in 1938. In 1940, Hagman's mother met and married Richard Halliday before giving birth to a daughter, the following year. Hagman attended a strict academy, Black-Foxe Military Institute and Woodstock Country School, a boarding school in Vermont; when his mother moved to New York City to resume her Broadway career, Hagman again lived with his grandmother in California. A few years his grandmother died and Hagman joined his mother in New York City. In 1946, Hagman moved back to his hometown of Weatherford and attended Weatherford High School from which he graduated. One summer, he worked for oilfield-equipment maker Antelope Tool Company. Although his father wanted Hagman to become a lawyer and join his practice, he was drawn to drama classes and fell in love with the stage, he decided to pursue acting. He dropped out after one year.
Hagman began his career in 1950 acting in productions at Margaret Webster's school at The Woodstock Playhouse in Woodstock, New York. That summer, during a break from his one year at Bard College, he worked in Dallas as a production assistant and acting in small roles in Margo Jones's theater company, he appeared in The Taming of the Shrew in New York City, followed by numerous tent show musicals with St. John Terrell's Music Circus in St. Petersburg and Lambertville, New Jersey. In 1951, Hagman appeared in the London production of South Pacific with his mother, stayed in the show for nearly a year. In 1952, Hagman enlisted in the United States Air Force. Stationed in London, he spent the majority of his military service entertaining U. S. troops in the United Kingdom and at bases in Europe. After leaving the Air Force in 1956, Hagman returned to New York City, where he appeared in the off-Broadway play Once Around the Block, by William Saroyan; that was followed by nearly a year in James Lee's Career.
His Broadway debut occurred in 1958 in Comes a Day. Hagman appeared in four other Broadway plays and Kate Murphy, The Nervous Set, The Warm Peninsula, The Beauty Part. During this period, he appeared in numerous live, television programs. Hagman's first television role was as Kenneth Davidson in the 1957 episode "Saturday Lost" of the syndicated crime drama, starring Beverly Garland as the first female police officer in a television lead. In 1958, he joined Barbara Bain as a guest star in the short-lived adventure-drama series Harbormaster, appeared three times on Lloyd Bridges' syndicated adventure series, Sea Hunt. In 1960, he was cast in the CBS summer medical series Diagnosis: Unknown in the role of Don Harding in the episode, "The Case of the Radiant Wine". In 1961, Hagman joined the cast of daytime soap opera The Edge of Night as Ed Gibson, stayed in that role for two years. In 1963 and 1964, he appeared twice in segments of the CBS legal drama, The DefendersIn 1964, he made his film debut in Ensign Pulver, which featured a young Jack Nicholson.
That same year, he appeared in Fail-Safe, with Henry Fonda. In 1965, Hagman was cast as "genie" Barbara Eden's television "master" and eventual love interest, Air Force Captain Anthony Nelson, in the NBC situation comedy I Dream of Jeannie, which ran for five seasons from 1965 to 1970; the show entered the top 30 in its first year and was NBC's answer to the successful 1960s magical comedies, Bewitched on ABC and My Favorite Martian on CBS. Two reunion movies were made, both televised on NBC: I Dream of Jeannie: 15 Years Later and I Still Dream of Jeannie, but Hagman did not appear in either of them. At Dragon Con, in 2010, Hagman said. In 1999, after 29 years, Hagman agreed to reunite with Jeannie co-stars Barbara Eden and Bill Daily and creator/producer Sidney Sheldon on The Donny and Marie Show. In 2002, when I Dream of Jeannie was set to join the cable channel TV Land, Hagman once again took part in an I Dream of Jeannie reunion with Eden and Daily, this time on Larry King Live. On the TV Land Awards in March 2004, Hagman and Eden were the first presenters to reunite on stage.
The following October and Daily appeared at The Ray Courts Hollywood Autograph Show. And the following year, 2005, brought all three surviving stars from I Dream of Jeannie to the first cast reunion at the Chiller Expo Show. Hagman and Eden reunited in March 2006 for a publicity tour in New York City
Argentina the Argentine Republic, is a country located in the southern half of South America. Sharing the bulk of the Southern Cone with Chile to the west, the country is bordered by Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, Brazil to the northeast and the South Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Drake Passage to the south. With a mainland area of 2,780,400 km2, Argentina is the eighth-largest country in the world, the fourth largest in the Americas, the largest Spanish-speaking nation; the sovereign state is subdivided into twenty-three provinces and one autonomous city, Buenos Aires, the federal capital of the nation as decided by Congress. The provinces and the capital exist under a federal system. Argentina claims sovereignty over part of Antarctica, the Falkland Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands; the earliest recorded human presence in modern-day Argentina dates back to the Paleolithic period. The Inca Empire expanded to the northwest of the country in Pre-Columbian times; the country has its roots in Spanish colonization of the region during the 16th century.
Argentina rose as the successor state of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, a Spanish overseas viceroyalty founded in 1776. The declaration and fight for independence was followed by an extended civil war that lasted until 1861, culminating in the country's reorganization as a federation of provinces with Buenos Aires as its capital city; the country thereafter enjoyed relative peace and stability, with several waves of European immigration radically reshaping its cultural and demographic outlook. The almost-unparalleled increase in prosperity led to Argentina becoming the seventh wealthiest nation in the world by the early 20th century. Following the Great Depression in the 1930s, Argentina descended into political instability and economic decline that pushed it back into underdevelopment, though it remained among the fifteen richest countries for several decades. Following the death of President Juan Perón in 1974, his widow, Isabel Martínez de Perón, ascended to the presidency, she was overthrown in 1976 by a U.
S.-backed coup which installed a right-wing military dictatorship. The military government persecuted and murdered numerous political critics and leftists in the Dirty War, a period of state terrorism that lasted until the election of Raúl Alfonsín as President in 1983. Several of the junta's leaders were convicted of their crimes and sentenced to imprisonment. Argentina is a prominent regional power in the Southern Cone and Latin America, retains its historic status as a middle power in international affairs. Argentina has the second largest economy in South America, the third-largest in Latin America, membership in the G-15 and G-20 major economies, it is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, World Trade Organization, Union of South American Nations, Community of Latin American and Caribbean States and the Organization of Ibero-American States. Despite its history of economic instability, it ranks second highest in the Human Development Index in Latin America; the description of the country by the word Argentina has been found on a Venetian map in 1536.
In English the name "Argentina" comes from the Spanish language, however the naming itself is not Spanish, but Italian. Argentina means in Italian " of silver, silver coloured" borrowed from the Old French adjective argentine " of silver" > "silver coloured" mentioned in the 12th century. The French word argentine is the feminine form of argentin and derives from argent "silver" with the suffix -in; the Italian naming "Argentina" for the country implies Terra Argentina "land of silver" or Costa Argentina "coast of silver". In Italian, the adjective or the proper noun is used in an autonomous way as a substantive and replaces it and it is said l'Argentina; the name Argentina was first given by the Venetian and Genoese navigators, such as Giovanni Caboto. In Spanish and Portuguese, the words for "silver" are plata and prata and " of silver" is said plateado and prateado. Argentina was first associated with the silver mountains legend, widespread among the first European explorers of the La Plata Basin.
The first written use of the name in Spanish can be traced to La Argentina, a 1602 poem by Martín del Barco Centenera describing the region. Although "Argentina" was in common usage by the 18th century, the country was formally named "Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata" by the Spanish Empire, "United Provinces of the Río de la Plata" after independence; the 1826 constitution included the first use of the name "Argentine Republic" in legal documents. The name "Argentine Confederation" was commonly used and was formalized in the Argentine Constitution of 1853. In 1860 a presidential decree settled the country's name as "Argentine Republic", that year's constitutional amendment ruled all the names since 1810 as valid. In the English language the country was traditionally called "the Argentine", mimicking the typical Spanish usage la Argentina and resulting from a mistaken shortening of the fuller name'Argentine Republic'.'The Argentine' fell out of fashion during the mid-to-late 20th century, now the country is referred to as "Argentina".
In the Spanish language "Argentina" is feminine, taking the feminine article "La" as the i
Sports Afield was founded in 1887 by Claude King, as a hunting and fishing magazine, it is the oldest continuously published outdoor magazine in North America. The first issue, in January 1888, was eight pages long. Together with Outdoor Life and Field & Stream, it is one of the Big Three in American outdoor magazines. Only a magazine, Sports Afield started applying its name on branded products after WW II; this program expanded in the 21st century, the Sports Afield Brand is now available on dozens of products and services such as camping equipment, interior decorations, security safes, log cabins and real-estate marketing. The “Journal for Gentlemen” promised, in King’s words, “To be devoted to hunting, fishing and trap shooting, the breeding of thorough-bred dogs and kindred sports…” The subscription price was $1.50 per year, with single copies selling for 15 cents. A few years King expounded on his philosophy: “Sports Afield has an ambition above that of entertaining and amusing the public.
Before the decade was out, Sports Afield had moved its operations to Chicago. The magazine grew, with some issues running 96 pages, it soon became not only a voice of the American West, but as well a spokesman for campers, fishermen and shooters across the United States of America. By 1927, when King stepped down as editor and turned the reins over to Joe Godfrey, Sports Afield was in full stride. Zane Grey started writing for the magazine, as did Jimmy Robinson, beginning a 60-year association with the publication. In 1930, Ivan B. Romig and his associates took over Sports Afield, combined it with a smaller publication—Trails of the Northwoods—and moved the offices to Minneapolis. A string of editors worked the helm of Sports Afield, which struggled during the Great Depression years to stay afloat, it did, by 1934 the magazine was in the black. Sports Afield was an early advocate of the wise use of the earth’s resources, trying to make the public aware of environmental concerns, its credo was: “We believe in sane conservation, we oppose pollution, we stand for the enforcement of our game laws.”
In the 1930s, Gordon MacQuarrie and Archibald Rutledge joined as writers, the circulation rose to 250,000. In 1945, Ted Kesting, an associate editor of Country Gentleman magazine, was hired as editorial director and brought from Philadelphia to Minneapolis, his assignment was to modernize Sports Afield. Only 26 years of age, he was the youngest editor of a major national publication in the United States. Kesting soon signed up more writers. One he brought on board was angling editor Jason Lucas, whose writings about bass fishing became popular. Another was mystery writer Erle Stanley Gardner, who became known for his articles defending gun owners' and hunters’ rights. By October 1948, TIME reported. "Last week it put to bed a November issue that would go to 800,000 customers, a record for its sixty-one years. Colorful as a hatband full of flies, it was filled with picture stories and crackling adventure stuff…” In 1953, Hearst magazines tendered an offer to Walter Taylor, the publisher, providing Kesting and his staff came along.
The sale was made, Sports Afield moved its offices to New York City. Meanwhile, the magazine continued to grow, attracting such writers as Col. Townsend Whelen, Jack Denton Scott, Russell Annabel. Circulation hit the 1,100,000 mark in 1961. By the late 1960s, Homer Circle, Tom Paugh, Zack Taylor had joined the ranks; the cover price jumped from 35 cents to 50 cents a copy. In 1970, Kesting announced he was stepping down as editor and named Lamar Underwood as his replacement. Under Underwood’s guidance, Gene Hill, Nick Lyons, Vance Bourjaily, John Madson all appeared in the periodical’s pages; the Almanac came into existence in 1972. When Underwood moved on, he was replaced by saltwater fishing editor Tom Paugh; the Paugh years saw major redesigns, plus a downsizing in circulation as the magazine adjusted to competitive times. Grits Gresham, Thomas McIntyre, Ted Kerasote, Anthony Acerrano all wrote for the magazine, which continued to publish not only adventure stories mixed with how-to-do-it pieces but to comment on conservation issues as well.
In the late 1990s, the magazine entered the most difficult period in its long history. Hearst executives shifted the magazine’s focus from hunting and fishing to camping, mountain biking,and other “non-consumptive” outdoor sports; the gambit failed, in the summer of 2000, Hearst sold the magazine to Robert E. Petersen, who subsequently moved the magazine’s offices to the Los Angeles area. Petersen attempted to return the magazine to its traditional focus on hunting, he found it difficult to regain a mass audience for this format and suspended publication for a few months. In the summer of 2002, Field Sports Publishing Inc. purchased the rights to publish the magazine from Bob Petersen. FSP is owned by the same investor group; the owners decided to return Sports Afield to its original core and focus the magazine on the traveling big-game hunter. Diana Rupp became the new editor. In 2009 the remaining intellectual property rights to the Sports Afield name were purchased by FSP, today Sports Afield its is one of a few outdoor magazines with a high profile name that owns all the rights to its name.
Besides publishing the Spo
William Shatner, is a Canadian actor, producer and singer. In his seven decades of television, Shatner became a cultural icon for his portrayal of Captain James T. Kirk of the USS Enterprise in the Star Trek franchise, he has written a series of books chronicling his experiences playing Captain Kirk and being a part of Star Trek, has co-written several novels set in the Star Trek universe. He has written a series of science fiction novels called TekWar that were adapted for television. Shatner played the eponymous veteran police sergeant in T. J. Hooker and hosted the reality-based television series Rescue 911, which won a People's Choice Award for the Favorite New TV Dramatic Series. Shatner appeared in seasons 4 and 5 of the NBC series 3rd Rock from the Sun as the "Big Giant Head" that the alien characters reported to. From 2004 until 2008, he starred as attorney Denny Crane both in the final season of the legal drama The Practice and in its spinoff series Boston Legal, a role that earned him two Emmy Awards.
He appeared in both seasons of the comical NBC real-life travelogue with other male companions "of a certain age" in Better Late Than Never, from 2016 to 2017. Shatner was born in the Notre-Dame-de-Grâce neighbourhood of Montreal, Canada, to a Conservative Jewish household, his parents are Joseph Shatner, a clothing manufacturer. He has two sisters and Farla, his paternal grandfather, Wolf Schattner, anglicized the family name to "Shatner". All of Shatner's four grandparents were Jewish immigrants, they came from Austria-Hungary and Lithuania. Shatner attended two schools in Notre-Dame-de-Grâce, Willingdon Elementary School and West Hill High School, is an alumnus of the Montreal Children's Theatre, he studied Economics at the McGill University Faculty of Management in Montreal, where he graduated with a Bachelor of Commerce degree. In June 2011, McGill University awarded him an honorary Doctorate of Letters. Shatner was awarded an honorary Doctorate of Letters from New England Institute of Technology in May 2018.
After graduating from McGill University in 1952, Shatner became the business manager for the Mountain Playhouse in Montreal before joining the Canadian National Repertory Theatre in Ottawa, where he trained as a classical Shakespearean actor. Shatner began performing at the Stratford Shakespeare Festival in Stratford, beginning in 1954, he played a range of roles at the Stratford Festival in productions that included a minor role in the opening scene of a renowned and nationally televised production of Sophocles' Oedipus Rex directed by Tyrone Guthrie, Shakespeare's Henry V, Marlowe's Tamburlaine the Great, in which Shatner made his Broadway debut in 1956. In 1954, he was cast as Ranger Bob on The Canadian Howdy Doody Show. Shatner was an understudy to Christopher Plummer, his film debut was in the Canadian film Butler's Night Off. His first feature role came in the MGM film The Brothers Karamazov with Yul Brynner, in which he starred as the youngest of the Karamazov brothers, Alexei. In December 1958, he appeared opposite Ralph Bellamy, playing Roman tax collectors in Bethlehem on the day of Jesus' birth in a vignette of a Hallmark Hall of Fame live television production entitled The Christmas Tree directed by Kirk Browning, which featured in other vignettes such performers as Jessica Tandy, Margaret Hamilton, Bernadette Peters, Richard Thomas, Cyril Ritchard, Carol Channing.
Shatner had a leading role in an Alfred Hitchcock Presents third-season episode titled "The Glass Eye", one of his first appearances on American television. In 1959, he received good reviews when he played the role of Lomax in the Broadway production of The World of Suzie Wong. In March 1959, while performing on stage in Suzie Wong, Shatner was playing detective Archie Goodwin in what would have been television's first Nero Wolfe series, had it not been aborted by CBS after shooting a pilot and a few episodes, he appeared twice as Wayne Gorham in NBC's Outlaws Western series with Barton MacLane, in another Alfred Hitchcock Presents 5th-season episode titled "Mother, May I Go Out to Swim?" In 1961, he starred in the Broadway play A Shot in the Dark with Julie Harris and directed by Harold Clurman. Walter Matthau and Gene Saks were featured in this play. Shatner featured in two episodes of the NBC television series Thriller and the film The Explosive Generation. Guthrie had called the young Shatner the Stratford Festival's most promising actor, he was seen as a peer to contemporaries like Steve McQueen, Paul Newman, Robert Redford.
Shatner was not as successful as the others and during the 1960s he "became a working actor who showed up on time, knew his lines, worked cheap and always answered his phone." His motto was "Work equals work", but Shatner's willingness to take any role, no matter how "forgettable" hurt his career. He took the lead role in Roger Corman's movie The Intruder and received good reviews for his significant role in the Stanley Kramer film Judgment at Nuremberg and two episodes, "Nick of Time" and "Nightmare at 20,000 Feet," of the science fiction anthology series The Twilight Zone. In the 1963–64 season, he appeared in an episode of the ABC series Channing. In 1963, he starred in the Family Theater production called "The Soldier" and received credits in other programs of The Psalms series; that same year, he guest-starred in Route 66, in the episode "Build Your Houses with Their Backs to the Sea." In 1964, Shatner guest-starred in Season 2, Episode 2 (
Kevin Michael Costner is an American actor, director and musician. His accolades include two Academy Awards, three Golden Globe Awards, one Primetime Emmy Award, two Screen Actors Guild Awards. Costner began his acting career with Sizzle Beach, U. S. A.. Following a few minor supporting parts, he rose to prominence with his portrayal of Eliot Ness in The Untouchables; this was followed by a successful period in his career with starring roles in such films as. In 1995, Costner co-produced Waterworld; the most expensive film made at the time, it was a major box office disappointment which marked a significant downturn in his career. His second directorial feature The Postman was another disappointment which marked a massive downfall of his career as a leading man, he has since starred in numerous films to rejuvenate his leading man status, including Message in a Bottle, For Love of the Game, Thirteen Days, 3000 Miles to Graceland, Rumor Has It, The Guardian, Mr. Brooks, 3 Days to Kill, McFarland, USA, Draft Day, Criminal.
All of these films however have been either critical or commercial failures, failing to reboot his status. In recent years he has had supporting parts in critically favored films including The Upside of Anger, Man of Steel, Hidden Figures, Molly's Game. On television, Costner portrayed Devil Anse Hatfield in the miniseries Hatfields & McCoys, winning the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Miniseries or a Movie. Since 2018, he stars as John Dutton on drama series Yellowstone. Costner was born on January 18, 1955 in Lynwood and grew up in Compton, California, he is the youngest of the middle of whom died at birth. His mother, Sharon Rae, was a welfare worker, his father, William Costner, was an electrician and utilities executive at Southern California Edison, his father's heritage originates with German immigrants to North Carolina in the 1700s, Costner has English, Irish and Welsh ancestry. Costner was raised Baptist, he was not academically inclined. He enjoyed sports, took piano lessons, wrote poetry, sang in the First Baptist Choir.
He has stated that a viewing of the 1962 film How the West Was Won at the age of seven had "formed" his childhood. He has described spending his teenage years in various parts of California as his father's career progressed, as a period when he "lost a lot of confidence", having to make new friends often. Costner lived in Ventura in Visalia, he earned a BA in marketing and finance from California State University, Fullerton in 1978. While at CSUF, he became a brother in the Delta Chi Fraternity. Costner became interested in acting while in his last year of college, upon graduation he married Cindy Silva, who worked at Disneyland as Cinderella; the couple honeymooned in Puerto Vallarta. Burton agreed to speak to Costner. Costner, taking acting classes but had not told his wife about his desire to be an actor, watched Burton and approached when Burton gestured. Costner told Burton that he would prefer to avoid the drama that followed Burton and asked if he would have to tolerate that if he became an actor.
Burton replied, "You have blue eyes, I have blue eyes. I think you'll be fine." After the plane landed, Burton's limousine pulled up to the curb where Costner and his wife were waiting for a taxi. Burton wished Costner good luck, the two never met again. Costner credits Burton with contributing to his career. Having agreed to undertake a job as a marketing executive, Costner began taking acting lessons five nights a week, with the support of his wife, his marketing job lasted 30 days. He took work which allowed him to develop his acting skills via tuition, including working on fishing boats, as a truck driver, giving tours of stars' Hollywood homes to support the couple while he attended auditions Costner made his film debut in the film Sizzle Beach, U. S. A.. Filmed in the winter of 1978–79, the film was not released until 1981 and re-released in 1986; the release complications and lack of documentation lead many to believe that Costner's debut was in The Touch known as, in 1983 with Eve Lilith and Andra Millian.
Costner made a brief appearance in the Ron Howard film Night Shift. He is listed in the credits as'Frat Boy No. 1' and appears at the climax of a frat-style, blow-out party in the New York City morgue, when the music is stopped by a frantic Henry Winkler. Costner can be seen looking surprised at the sudden halt of celebration. Costner appeared in a commercial for the Apple Lisa and Table for Five in 1983, the same year, had a small role in the nuclear holocaust film Testament, he was cast in The Big Chill and filmed several scenes that were planned as flashbacks, but they were removed from the final cut. His role was that of Alex, the friend who committed suicide, the event that brings the rest of the cast together. Costner was a friend of director Lawrence Kasdan, who promised the actor a role in a futur