The Archers is a British radio soap opera on BBC Radio 4—the BBC's main spoken-word channel—broadcast since 1951. It was billed an everyday story of country folk and now, a contemporary drama in a rural setting. Having aired over 19,100 episodes, it is the world's longest-running drama. Five pilot episodes were aired in 1950 and the first episode was broadcast nationally on 1 January 1951. A significant show in British popular culture, with over five million listeners, it is Radio 4's most listened-to non-news programme, with over one million listeners via the internet, the programme holds the record for BBC Radio online listening figures. In February 2019, a panel of 46 broadcasting industry experts, of which 42 had a professional connection to the BBC, listed The Archers as the second-greatest radio programme of all time. Established with the aim towards educating farmers following World War II, The Archers soon became a popular source of entertainment for the population at large, attracting nine million listeners by 1953.
The Archers is set in the fictional village of Ambridge in the fictional county of Borsetshire, in England. Borsetshire is situated between what are, in reality, the contiguous counties of Worcestershire and Warwickshire, south of Birmingham in The Midlands. Ambridge is based on the village of Cutnall Green, though various other villages claim to be the inspiration for Ambridge. Other fictional villages include Penny Hassett, Loxley Barrett, Hollerton, Waterley Cross and Lakey Green; the county town of Borsetshire is Borchester, the nearest big city is the cathedral city of Felpersham. Felpersham has a university. Anywhere further from Ambridge may be referred to humorously with comments such as'that's on the other side of Felpersham!', but characters do venture further: several attended the Countryside Alliance march in London, there have been references to the gay scene in Manchester's Canal Street. There have been scenes set in other places in Great Britain and abroad, with some characters residing overseas such as in South Africa and Hungary.
Since Easter Sunday 1998, there have been six episodes a week, from Sunday to Friday, broadcast at around 19:03 following the news summary. All except the Friday evening episode are repeated the following day at 14:02; the six episodes are re-run unabridged in the Sunday morning omnibus at 10:00. On Remembrance Sunday, the Omnibus edition begins at the earlier time of 09:15; this information is available on the BBC's website. The Archers's family farm, combines arable, dairy and sheep, it is a typical example of mixed farming, passed down the generations from Dan, the original farmer, to his son Phil and is now co-owned by Phil and Jill's four children: David, who manages it with his wife Ruth. Jill lives in Brookfield with her son David, his wife Ruth and their children Pip and Ben; the Aldridges at Home Farm. Brian, portrayed as a money-driven agribusinessman and his wife Jennifer, they have five children: the two Jennifer brought into their marriage: Adam, a farmer married to chef Ian Craig and Debbie a farmer based in Hungary.
The family includes Kate's daughter Phoebe and Jennifer's sister Lilian. The Bridge Farm Archers practise organic farming, their operations include a farm café, a vegetable box scheme and a dairy. Tony and Pat's children are Helen and Tom, their three grandchildren: Johnny, the son of their dead son John; the Pargetters, a landed gentry family who have to make their stately home, Lower Loxley Hall, pay the bills as a public attraction. The family includes Nigel Pargetter's widow, Elizabeth née Archer, her son Freddie and his twin sister Lily; the Grundys struggling tenant farmers who were brought to prominence in the late 1970s and early 1980s as comic characters, but are now seen as doggedly battling adversity. The Carters and Susan, their son, Chris, is married to Alice Aldridge. The Snells, married to the long-suffering Robert, is the butt of many jokes, although her sheer energy makes her a stalwart of village life. Arkwright Hall is a large Victorian mansion with a 17th-century atmosphere; the building served as a community centre for many years, containing a soundproofed room and field studies centre.
It fell into disrepair, but was renovated when Jack Woolley leased the mansion to the Landmark Trust. Bridge Farm is a 168-acre farm on Berrow Estate, but now owned by Pat and Tony Archer; the farm became wholly dedicated to organic farming in 1984, in a storyline inspired by a scriptwriter's visit to Brynllys farm in Ceredigion, the home of Rachel's Organic. In 2003, Tom Archer began producing his Bridge Farm pork sausages. In early 2013, the family decided to sell their dairy herd and buy organic milk instead and the following year, Tony Archer bought a small Aberdeen Angus herd. Brookfield Farm is a 469-acre mixed farm, managed by Dan Archer and by his son Phil. After Phil's retirement in 2001, his son David Archer took over. Grange Farm was a
The World War I Victory Medal was a United States World War I service medal designed by James Earle Fraser. Award of a common allied service medal was recommended by an inter-allied committee in March 1919; each allied nation would design a'Victory Medal' for award to their military personnel, all issues having certain common features, including a winged figure of victory on the obverse and the same ribbon. The Victory Medal was intended to be established by an act of Congress; the bill authorizing the medal never passed, thus leaving the military departments to establish it through general orders. The War Department published orders in April 1919, the Navy in June of the same year; the Victory Medal was awarded to military personnel for service between April 6, 1917, November 11, 1918, or with either of the following expeditions: American Expeditionary Forces in European Russia between November 12, 1918, August 5, 1919. American Expeditionary Forces Siberia between November 23, 1918, April 1, 1920.
The front of the bronze medal features a winged Victory holding a sword on the front. The back of the bronze medal features "The Great War For Civilization" in all capital letters curved along the top of the medal. Curved along the bottom of the back of the medal are six stars, three on either side of the center column of seven staffs wrapped in a cord; the top of the staff is winged on the side. The staff is on top of a shield that says "U" on the left side of the staff and "S" on the right side of the staff. On left side of the staff it lists one World War I Allied country per line: France, Serbia, Montenegro and Greece. On the right side of the staff the Allied country names read: Great Britain, Brazil, Portugal and China. To denote battle participation and campaign credit, the World War I Victory Medal was authorized with a large variety of devices to denote specific accomplishments. In order of seniority, the devices authorized to the World War I Victory Medal were as follows: The Citation Star to the World War I Victory Medal was authorized by the United States Congress on February 4, 1919.
A 3⁄16 inch silver star was authorized to be worn on the ribbon of the Victory Medal for any member of the U. S. Army, cited for gallantry in action between 1917 and 1920. In 1932, the Citation Star was redesigned and renamed the Silver Star Medal and, upon application to the United States War Department, any holder of the Silver Star Citation could have it converted to a Silver Star medal; the Navy Commendation Star to the World War I Victory Medal was authorized to any person, commended by the Secretary of the Navy for performance of duty during the First World War. A 3⁄16 inch silver star was worn on the World War I Victory Medal, identical in appearance to the Army's Citation Star. Unlike the Army's version, the Navy Commendation Star could not be upgraded to the Silver Star medal; the following battle clasps, inscribed with a battle's name, were worn on the medal to denote participation in major ground conflicts. For general defense service, not involving a specific battle, the "Defensive Sector" Battle Clasp was authorized.
The clasp was awarded for any battle, not recognized by its own battle clasp. The World War I Victory Medal bears the clasps of the battles the U. S. Army participated in across the ribbon. Not all battles are shown on the bar clasps. Only the battles designated as battles that would have bars issued were shown on the medal; the famous Battle of Chateau Thierry to hold the Chateau and the bridge as a joint effort between the US Army and the US Marines against the German machine gunners did not get awarded clasps. Navy battle clasps were issued for naval service in support of Army operations and had identical names to the Army battle clasps. There was a slight variation of the criteria dates for the Navy battle clasps; the Defensive Sector Clasp was authorized for Navy personnel who had participated in naval combat but were not authorized a particular battle clasp. For sea-related war duty, the Navy issued the following operational clasps, which were worn on the World War I Victory Medal and inscribed with the name of the duty type, performed: Unlike the army, the navy only allowed one clasp of any type to be worn on the ribbon.
Members of the marine or medical corps who served in France but was not eligible for a battle clasp would receive a bronze Maltese cross on their ribbons. For non-combat service with the army during the First World War, the following service clasps were authorized to be worn with the World War I Victory Medal; each service claps was inscribed with a region name where support service was performed. The U. S. Army issued the following service clasps: The U. S. Navy issued similar service clasps to the Army for service in the following regions during the following periods: Since battle and service clasps could only be worn on the full-sized World War I Victory Medal, 3/16 inch bronze service stars were authorized for wear on the award ribbon; this was the common method of campaign and battle display when wearing the World War I Victory Medal as a ribbon on a military uniform. Medals issued to U. S. Marines were issued with a Maltese cross device affixed to the ribbon; the World War I Victory Medals were awarded after the end of World War I, so they were mailed to the servicemen instead of awarded in person.
For example, the boxes containing the Victory Medals for United States Army World War I veterans were mailed out by the depot officer at the General Supply Depot, U. S. Army, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in April 1921. An outer
"Violins and Tambourines" is a song by Welsh rock band Stereophonics and the seventh track on their 2013 album Graffiti on the Train. It was written from the perspective of a troubled man seeking redemption. David Arnold assisted producers Kelly Jim Lowe in creating the orchestral arrangements; the song received positive reviews upon the album's release. The lyrics of the song are a narration of a troubled man, struggling with his inner demons; the title references the lyrics of "The Last of the Unplucked Gems" by Canadian band The Tragically Hip, an important influence on Stereophonics. The song was released on Graffiti on the Train on 4 March 2013; the orchestral arrangements were composed by David Arnold along with producers Kelly Jones and Jim Lowe. The music video for "Violins and Tambourines" was directed by lead singer Kelly Jones and this was his first time directing, it was used to first promote the album. The video uses the song's lyrics for the concept of a man driving in a hopeless state seeking redemption.
When he stops and goes to a drug store he meets a woman who offers him that but he walks away, feeling he is beyond saving. The character falls into a dream state where he is under water and the woman who tried to save him before tries again; the video ends. In the behind the scenes video for the video, Jones explains he got the idea for the video from the lyric, "I killed a man but life is cheap." "Violins and Tambourines" had its live debut on 15 December 2012 at the Newport Wales. Stereophonics held a tour in March to support Graffiti on the Train and the song was played at all the shows; the band were booked for several summer festivals that year, including Pinkpop Festival and the V Festival, where the song was played live. During their performance at Radio 2 In Concert on 22 August that year, the band played the song halfway through their set list and it was the fifth of 6 songs to be played from the album. "Violins and Tambourines" received positive reviews. Writing for Clash, Kieran Mayall called.
Sean Adams from Drowned in Sound called it Stereophonics' comeback track and stated it had "reconfigured my notion of who and what Stereophonics had become". Cole Waterman from PopMatters praised the orchestral and guitar sounds in the track, writing: "a pensive piece with blues guitar lines that escalate into a mesmerizing swirl of rapid percussion and strained strings". Along with "Catacomb" and "Roll the Dice", Matthew Horton from the BBC said the last minute of the song "border on the exciting". Andy Gill from The Independent praised Jones' songwriting by calling it "impressive". At Music OMH, Martin Headon had a mixed response, he praised the arrangement and last minute of the song but stated that "old problems re-surface... it’s tautological clunkers like “everything is changing, nothing seems to stay the same” that stick most in the memory". Notes Footnotes Music video at Stereophonics.com
Major General Kristin Lund, is the Force Commander of the United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus and a serving general in the Norwegian Army. Born in 1958, Major General Lund has over 34 years of military service and is the first woman to serve as Force Commander in a United Nations peacekeeping operation. Prior to this appointment of 12 May 2014 by United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, Major General Lund served as the Head of Veteran Affairs for the Norwegian Defence Staff, she served as Chief of Staff of the Norwegian Home Guard and as Deputy Commander of the Norwegian Army Forces Command. Major General Lund holds a Master of Strategic Studies from the United States Army War College, she studied at the Norwegian Defence University College
The AGM-65 Maverick is an air-to-ground missile designed for close air support. It is the most produced precision-guided missile in the Western world, is effective against a wide range of tactical targets, including armor, air defenses, ground transportation and fuel storage facilities. Development began in 1966 at Hughes as the first missile to use an electronic contrast seeker, it entered service with the United States Air Force in August 1972. Since it has been exported to more than 30 countries and is certified on 25 aircraft; the Maverick served during the Vietnam, Yom Kippur, Iran–Iraq, Persian Gulf Wars, along with other smaller conflicts, destroying enemy forces and installations with varying degrees of success. Since its introduction into service, numerous Maverick versions had been designed and produced using electro-optical and imaging infrared guidance systems; the AGM-65 has two types of warhead: one has a contact fuze in the nose, the other has a heavyweight warhead fitted with a delayed-action fuze, which penetrates the target with its kinetic energy before detonating.
The missile is produced by Raytheon Missile Systems. The Maverick shares the same configuration as Hughes's AIM-4 Falcon and AIM-54 Phoenix, measures more than 2.4 m in length and 30 cm in diameter. The Maverick's development history began in 1965, when the United States Air Force began a program to develop a replacement to the AGM-12 Bullpup. With a range of 16.3 km, the radio-guided Bullpup was introduced in 1959 and was considered a "silver bullet" by operators. However, the launch aircraft was required to fly straight towards the target during the missile's flight instead of performing evasive maneuvers, thus risking the crew; when it hit, the small 250 pounds warhead was only useful against small targets like bunkers, when used against larger targets like the Thanh Hóa Bridge it did little other than char the structure. The USAF began a series of projects to replace Bullpup, both larger versions of Bullpup, models C and D, as well as a series of Bullpup adaptations offering fire-and-forget guidance.
Among the latter were the AGM-83 Bulldog, AGM-79 Blue Eye and AGM-80 Viper. From 1966 to 1968, Hughes Missile Systems Division and Rockwell competed for the contract to build an new fire-and-forget missile with far greater range performance than any of the Bullpup versions; each were allocated $3 million for preliminary design and engineering work of the Maverick in 1966. In 1968, Hughes emerged with the $95 million contract for further development and testing of the missile. Hughes conducted a smooth development of the AGM-65 Maverick, with the first unguided test launch from a F-4 on 18 September 1969, with the first guided test on 18 December performing a direct hit on a M41 tank target at the Air Force Missile Development Center at Holloman Air Force Base, New Mexico. In July 1971, the USAF and Hughes signed a $69.9 million contract for 2,000 missiles, the first of, delivered in 1972. Although early operational results were favorable, military planners predicted that the Maverick would fare less in the hazy conditions of Central Europe, where it would have been used against Warsaw Pact forces.
As such, development of the AGM-65B "Scene Magnified" version began in 1975 before it was delivered during the late 1970s. When production of the AGM-65A/B was ended in 1978, more than 35,000 missiles had been built. More versions of the Maverick appeared, among, the laser-guided AGM-65C/E. Development of the AGM-65C started in 1978 by Rockwell, who built a number of development missiles for the USAF. Due to high cost, the version was not procured by the USAF, instead entered service with the United States Marine Corps as the AGM-65E. Another major development was the AGM-65D. By imaging on radiated heat, the IIR is all-weather operable as well as showing improved performance in acquiring and tracking the hot engines, such as in tanks and trucks, that were to be one of its major missions; the seekerhead mechanically scanned the scene over a nitrogen-cooled 4-by-4 pixel array using a series of mirrored facets machined into the inner surface of the ring-shaped main gyroscope. The five-year development period of the AGM-65D started in 1977 and ended with the first delivery to the USAF in October 1983.
The version received initial operating capability in February 1986. The AGM-65F is a hybrid Maverick combining the AGM-65D's IIR seeker and warhead and propulsion components of the AGM-65E. Deployed by the United States Navy, the AGM-65F is optimized for maritime strike roles; the first AGM-65F launch from the P-3C took place in 1989, in 1994, the USN awarded Unisys a contract to integrate the version with the P-3C. Meanwhile, Hughes produced the AGM-65G, which has the same guidance system as the D, with some software modifications that track larger targets. In the mid-1990s to early 2000s, there were several ideas of enhancing the Maverick's potential. Among them was the stillborn plan to incorporate the Maverick millimeter wave active radar homing, which can determine the exact shape of a target. Another study called "Longhorn Project" was conducted by Hughes, Raytheon following the absorption of Hughes into Raytheon, looked a Maverick version equipped with turbojet engines instead of rocket motors.
The "Maverick ER", as it was dubbed, would have a "significant increase in range" compared to the Maverick's current range of 25 kilometres. The proposal was abandoned, but if the Maverick ER had entered production, it would have replaced the AGM-119B Penguin carried on the MH-60R; the most modern ver
The West Central Area School District is located in the west central part of Minnesota. It consists of the towns of Kensington, Barrett, Elbow Lake, Wendell. There are students from Herman, Ashby, Fergus Falls and Campbell; the district has two elementary schools consisting of grades K-4. WCA South is located in Kensington, WCA North known as Agnes Lynne Elementary School, is located in Elbow Lake; the secondary school is located in Barrett. Grades 5-12 attend here; the secondary school has a football field, two baseball fields, two softball fields, four tennis courts, a 499 capacity auditorium, a 1700 capacity gymnasium. The building occupies 63 acres, it is 130,000 square feet with a capacity for 600 students. The building is heated by a geothermal heat system. There are each 200 ft deep using over 21 miles of pipe. A heat pump, controlled by a computer system, cools each classroom; the system has a backup generator. The mechanical room includes a 400 gallon hot water storage tank; the West Central Area mascot is a Knight.
The Knights have a football team, volleyball team, girls tennis team and girls basketball, baseball, softball and girls golf and girls track and field and girls cross country, cheerleading for football and basketball. The Knight's organizations include: speech, Future Farmers of America, mock trial, band, Knowledge Bowl, one act play, student council, musicals. West Central Area is a member of the Minnesota State High School League; the West Central Area school district was created in 1993 when the West Central school district of Wendell, Elbow Lake, Barrett, joined with the Hoffman-Kensington school district due to declining enrollment. However, consolidation had started long before that. Wendell, Elbow Lake, Barrett and Kensington all used to be their own districts, but kept consolidating with each other until they all became one, large district. Declining enrollment continues to be the districts largest problem today. Class sizes in the high school are down to around 20'people per class; the Knights have fielded a national championship qualifying team in the televised Academic Challenge.
West Central was one of the eight inaugural knowledge bowl teams in the state of Minnesota back in 1979. Now every district in the state has a knowledge bowl team. List of school districts in Minnesota West Central Area Schools Minnesota State High School League