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The Astronomical Journal

The Astronomical Journal is a peer-reviewed monthly scientific journal owned by the American Astronomical Society and published by IOP Publishing. It is one of the premier journals for astronomy in the world; until 2008, the journal was published by the University of Chicago Press on behalf of the AAS. The reasons for the change to the IOP were given by the society as the desire of the University of Chicago Press to revise its financial arrangement and their plans to change from the particular software, developed in-house; the other two publications of the society, the Astrophysical Journal and its supplement series, followed in January 2009. The journal was established in 1849 by Benjamin A. Gould, it ceased publication in 1861 due to the American Civil War, but resumed in 1885. Between 1909 and 1941 the journal was edited in New York. In 1941, editor Benjamin Boss arranged to transfer responsibility for the journal to the AAS; the first electronic edition of The Astronomical Journal was published in January, 1998.

With the July, 2006 issue, The Astronomical Journal began e-first publication, an electronic version of the journal released independently of the hardcopy issues. 2005–2015 John Gallagher III 1984–2004 Paul W. Hodge 1980–1983 N. H. Baker 1975–1979 N. H. Baker and L. B. Lucy 1967–1974 Lodewijk Woltjer 1966–1967 Gerald Maurice Clemence 1965–1966 Dirk Brouwer and Gerald Maurice Clemence 1963–1965 Dirk Brouwer 1959–1963 Dirk Brouwer and Harlan James Smith 1941–1959 Dirk Brouwer 1912–1941 Benjamin Boss 1909–1912 Lewis Boss 1896–1909 Seth Carlo Chandler 1849–1861, 1885–1896 Benjamin A. Gould, Jr; the Astronomical Almanac The Astrophysical Journal Official website Dudley Observatory, The Astronomical Journal Scanned issues from ADS


Hawaiian feather helmets, known as mahiole in the Hawaiian language, were worn with feather cloaks. These were symbols of the highest rank reserved for the men of the aliʻi, the chiefly class of Hawaii. There are examples of this traditional headgear in museums around the world. At least sixteen of these helmets were collected during the voyages of Captain Cook; these helmets are made from a woven frame structure decorated with bird feathers and are examples of fine featherwork techniques. One of these helmets was included in a painting of Cook's death by Johann Zoffany. While the Hawaiians did not wear hats, during times of combat the Ali'i chiefs would wear specially created wicker helmets that have been likened to the classic Greek helmets, co-incidentally bear a resemblance to the headdress worn by Ladakh Buddhist religious musicians. While the question has been posed if the influence is from the Spanish, the tradition comes from the northern coast of New Ireland; the design for mahiole is a basketry frame cap with a central crest running from the center of the forehead to the nape of the neck.

However the variation in the design is considerable with the colour and arrangement of the feather patterns differing and the crest varying in height and thickness. A number of museums have numerous examples in different stages of preservation. A related Hawaiian term Oki Mahiole means a haircut; the image of the Hawaiian god Kū-ka-ili-moku is sometimes presented with a similar shaped head. The helmets are constructed on a basket type construction which gives a strong frame; the frame is decorated with feathers obtained from local birds although there have been variations which have used human hair instead. The plant used to make the baskets is Freycinetia arborea, a plant used to make basketware. In addition to Freycinetia arborea the makers used fibre from the Touchardia latifolia plant, a type of nettle. Touchardia latifolia was used to create thread to tie the feathers to the basketry; the colouring was achieved using different types of feathers. The black and yellow came from a bird called the ʻOʻo in Hawaiian.

There were four varieties of this bird. The last type became extinct in 1987 with the probable cause being disease. Black feathers were sourced from the bird called the Mamo, now extinct; the distinctive red feathers came from the'I ` the ʻApapane. Both species are still moderately common birds in Hawaii. Although birds were exploited for their feathers the effect on the population is thought to be minimal; the birds were not killed but were caught by specialist bird catchers, a few feathers harvested and the birds were released. Tens of thousands of feathers were required for each mahiole. A small bundle of feathers was tied before being tied into the framework. Bundles were tied in close proximity to form a uniform covering of the surface of the mahiole; when Captain James Cook visited Hawaii on 26 January 1778 he was received by a high chief called Kalaniʻōpuʻu. At the end of the meeting Kalaniʻōpuʻu placed the feathered helmet and cloak he had been wearing on Cook. Kalaniʻōpuʻu laid several other cloaks at Cook's feet as well as four large pigs and other offerings of food.

Much of the material from Cook's voyages including the helmet and cloak ended up in the collection of Sir Ashton Lever. He exhibited them in his museum called the Holophusikon and the Leverian Museum, it was while at this museum that Cook's mahiole and cloak were borrowed by Johann Zoffany in the 1790s and included in his painting of the Death of Cook. Lever went bankrupt and his collection was disposed of by public lottery; the collection was obtained by James Parkinson. He sold the collection in 1806 in 8,000 separate sales.. The mahiole and cloak were purchased by the collector William Bullock who exhibited them in his own museum until 1819 when he sold his collection; the mahiole and cloak were purchased by Charles Winn and they remained in his family until 1912, when Charles Winn’s grandson, the Second Baron St Oswald, gave them to the Dominion of New Zealand. They are now in the collection of the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa; the Bernice P. Bishop Museum in Honolulu has matching cloak.

This bright red and yellow mahiole was given to the king of Kauaʻi, Kaumualiʻi, when he became a vassal to Kamehameha I in 1810, uniting all the islands into the Kingdom of Hawaii. The British Museum has seven of these helmets; the large red one pictured was obtained from the collection of Sir Joseph Banks. Banks was a rich polymath, interested in botany, he sailed with Captain Cook on his first journey of exploration and continued to keep in contact with Cook's further explorations. It is speculated that this helmet may have belonged to Cook's second in Charles Clerke. Clerke's collections were left to Joseph Banks following Clerke's death on Cook's third voyage. At the time of his death Clerke was captain of the vessel following Cook's death. A second helmet differs in overall design to the first in that it has concentric bands of yellow and black against an overall red background. A hat of this design was recorded by John Webber, Captain Cook's official artist; the British Museum holds an example without feathers which shows how the framework was constructed.

The Museum of Ethnology in Vienna obtained some of its oldest exhibits from the Leverian Museum sale of 1806. Baron Leopold von Fichtel purchased a number of items for his museum in Vienna; the Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa ha

Jian Renzi

Jian Renzi known as Joyce Jian, is a Chinese actress. She is known for her roles in My Game of Hunting. Jian was born 19 October 1991 in Shenyang, China, she graduated from the Central Academy of Drama in 2014. Jian started her acting career in 2014 with the movie Fantasia. In the same year she started to gain popularity for her role in The Romance of the Condor Heroes. In 2015 she rose to fame starring as He Yimei in the television show My Sunshine; the show was a huge success in China gaining over 10 billion views online and won Audience's Favorite TV Series at the 1st China Television Drama Quality Ceremony. In 2017, she starred alongside Hu Ge in the TV show Game of Hunting. Jian received positive reviews for her performance, she was cast in the wuxia drama Wen Tian Lu, spy drama Autumn Cicada. In 2018, Jian starred in the workplace drama Partners. Jian Renzi on IMDb Jian Renzi at the Hong Kong Movie DataBase

Garland Aerospace

Garland Aerospace Pty Ltd was an Australian aircraft manufacturer based in Camden, New South Wales and founded by Kenneth Sydney Garland. The company specialized in the design and manufacture of ultralight aircraft in the form of kits for amateur construction and ready-to-fly aircraft; the company was founded in about 2013 and seems to have gone out of business in 2016. Kenneth Garland holds the rights to the Sadler Vampire SV-2 design and had acquired many of the drawings and parts for the design through his company Aero. V. Australia. Aero. V. Australia was an aircraft maintenance and repair company, that seems to have been formed in 2006 and gone out of business in 2013. Garland Aerospace was formed to develop the 1980s vintage Sadler Vampire design into the Garland Vampire. Three versions were produced, the GA-1 for the US FAR 103 Ultralight Vehicles category, the GA-2 an updated version for the homebuilt market and the GA-3 with more power and a higher gross weight. Garland Aerospace was engaged in developing a whole range of new aircraft designs.

These included a UAV version of the Vampire. There is no evidence that any of these aircraft were taken beyond the concept stage; the company provided aircraft construction technique classes to prospective aircraft builders in subjects including sheet metal, aircraft fabric covering, fibreglass construction and aircraft painting and finishing. The company sold aircraft parts and piston aircraft engines. Summary of aircraft built by Garland: Garland Vampire Company website archives on

Jay Cantor

Jay Cantor is an American novelist and essayist. He graduated from Harvard University with a BA, from University of California, Santa Cruz with a Ph. D, he teaches at Tufts University. He lives in Cambridge, with his wife, Melinda Marble, their daughter, Grace, his work appeared in The Harvard Crimson. He was on the 2009 ArtScience Competition jury. 1989 MacArthur Fellows Program The Death of Che Guevara, Knopf, 1983, ISBN 978-0-394-51767-4 Krazy Kat: a novel in five panels, Knopf, 1988, ISBN 978-0-394-55025-1 Great Neck: a novel, Knopf, 2003, ISBN 978-0-375-41394-0 Forgiving the Angel: Four Stories for Franz Kafka, Knopf, 2014, ISBN 978-0385350341 The Space Between: Literature and Politics, Johns Hopkins University Press, 1982, ISBN 978-0-8018-2672-6 On Giving Birth to One's Own Mother. Knopf, 1991, ISBN 978-0-394-58752-3 To call Jay Cantor the thinking man's Tom Wolfe is a little unfair to Tom Wolfe, who believes, with some justification, that he's the thinking man's Tom Wolfe. It's a little unfair to Jay Cantor, who for all I know abhors Wolfe's politics and his fiction as well.

Yet the scope of Cantor's ambition in Great Neck. "Jay Cantor talks about food", Cantabrigia "An Interview with Jay Cantor", Ken Capobianco and Jay Cantor, Journal of Modern Literature, Vol. 17, No. 1, pp. 3–11 "Jay Cantor. Great Neck.", The Review of Contemporary Fiction, June 22, 2003, James Crossley

2015 NRL Auckland Nines

The 2015 NRL Auckland Nines was the second NRL Auckland Nines tournament, contested between all sixteen teams of the National Rugby League. The draw was released on 16 September 2014, it was a nine-a-side, knockout tournament held at Eden Park in Auckland, New Zealand. All sixteen NRL clubs and 288 players competed over the one weekend with AUD$2.4 million prize money split between the teams. In 2015, the pool names were chosen by a public vote; the pool names were: Rangitoto, Waiheke and Hunua Ranges. The event included two international women's teams, the Kiwi Ferns and the Jillaroos, who competed in a three-game series with the Kiwi Ferns winning 2-1. Official website