The Cement Garden (film)

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The Cement Garden
The Cement Garden FilmPoster.jpeg
Film poster
Directed byAndrew Birkin
Produced byBee Gilbert
Ene Vanaveski
Written byAndrew Birkin
Ian McEwan
Music byEdward Shearmur
CinematographyStephen Blackman
Edited byToby Tremlett
Release date
  • February 1993 (1993-02)
Running time
105 minutes
CountryUnited Kingdom

The Cement Garden is a 1993 British drama film written and directed by Andrew Birkin.[1] It is based on the 1978 novel of the same name written by Ian McEwan.[1] It was entered into the 43rd Berlin International Film Festival, where Birkin won the Silver Bear for Best Director.[2]


Jack is a narcissistic 15-year-old boy, helping his father, a smoker with a persistent cough, unload large bags of cement to resurface the garden path of their post-war era prefab house. Despite being told to come straight home from school to help with the work the next day, Jack stops by the remains of a torn-down prefab to smoke a cigarette and read a pornographic magazine he has hidden there. When he comes home, he excuses himself to go to the toilet, where he proceeds to masturbate. His father collapses from a heart attack and dies.

A few months after the tragedy, Jack's mother and his siblings, 17-year-old Julie, 13-year-old Sue, and 6-year-old Tom, are still mourning. Jack has become apathetic to the feelings of his family, while also neglecting to bathe. Jack's mother is taken ill and becomes bedridden and frail, prompting Jack and Julie to take control of the household. Jack's selfishness soon leads to conflict between him and Julie. Jack attempts to remedy the tension between them by sneaking into her room.

Jack teases that she's alone and unprotected before he tortures her by tickling her sides with bee-suit gloves until he 'accidentally' causes her to have an orgasm as a result of the tickling. He attempts to cover this up from his siblings. Shortly after this, the family celebrates Jack's 16th birthday in their mother's bedroom. He is reluctant to contribute to the small party by singing, but when Julie does a handstand, Jack stares at her underwear, then shares an intimate moment with her by singing Greensleeves.

Although the rest of the family assume they are having fun, Julie recognizes what he is doing, and plays along. This, along with another incident when Julie, while sunbathing in the garden, persuades Jack to rub sunscreen into her back, intensifies what was initially a small affection for her into an incestuous crush. Jack soon finds himself escorting Sue and Tom to and from school, and defending Tom from a school bully, while Julie takes up the cooking and cleaning duties.

One day, while Jack is cleaning up his mother's room, his mother informs him that her illness has become worse and that she will have to go to the hospital for a couple of months. She tells Jack and Julie not to tell anyone about her absence, or else they will be forced into foster care and their home will be torn down. She informs him that she has set up a savings account for them to take care of themselves for a while. Shortly afterwards, the mother dies at home of her illness.

Grief-stricken and with no one else to go to, the siblings spend a miserable night together consoling each other in their living room. Remembering their last promise to their mother, Jack and Julie secretly resolve to hide her body. That night, they take the remaining bags of cement that Jack's father had bought the day before he died, create a crude mixture of cement and entomb their mother's body in a cement sarcophagus.

As time passes following their mother's death, Jack slowly matures, although he stops bathing altogether. Sue becomes more introverted, distancing herself from her siblings and confiding only in her diary. Julie forms a relationship with a much older man named Derek, whom Jack starts to view with jealousy and hostility. Tom, meanwhile, takes up cross-dressing and attempts to remodel himself as a girl, something that irritates Jack but delights his sisters.

Eventually, Tom starts to behave like a baby, sleeping in Julie's room in a crib and drinking from a bottle. The mental states of the other siblings gradually declines as time passes with no adult supervision. Derek becomes interested in what they are hiding in their basement. After a smell emanating from the basement draws him downstairs, Jack steps in and lies that the cement block contains a dead dog, subtly referencing their mother in the process.

Jack falls asleep naked on his mother's bed. He wakes up to the sound of Tom crying. Jack goes into Julie's room and joins Tom, who is also naked, in the crib. Tom tells Jack that Derek has told him that the cement block actually contains their mother. Jack realizes that Julie has told Derek the truth.

Jack tells Tom fairy tale stories to coax him back to sleep, and soon falls asleep himself. He is awoken by Julie, who is both delighted and amused at what she has seen. Julie sits Jack on her bed and explains to him that she and Derek are not physically intimate and that he is an immature adult who lives with his mother. As their conversation becomes more intimate, Julie undresses to join Jack in his nudity, before kissing him. The two cuddle on the bed, while contemplating the future now that too many people know their family's secret.

Jack predicts that they will be taken into foster care, and their house will be torn down like the other prefabs in the area, contemplating that "one day, someone will come rooting round. All they will find will be a few broken bricks in the long grass." Derek walks in and is horrified by what he sees. He demands to know how long "this" has been going on, and Julie simply replies, "ages and ages." Derek expresses disgust and horror at what the two have become, and storms off.

Unperturbed, Jack and Julie lie back down on the bed and converse further regarding whether what they did was right. Jack states that what they are doing "seems natural to me." Smiling, Julie responds "me too," and the two begin to have sex, as the sound of Derek smashing up the cement tomb containing their mother reverberates around the house. Jack and Julie are sleeping, while blue lights from a police car can be seen in the room.



  1. ^ a b James, Caryn (11 February 1994). "The Cement Garden (1993) Review/Film; Hiding Mother in the Cellar In a Trunk of Fresh Cement". The New York Times.
  2. ^ "Berlinale: 1993 Prize Winners". Retrieved 30 May 2011.

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