Charlie Chaplin filmography
Charlie Chaplin was an English actor and filmmaker whose work in motion pictures spanned from 1914 until 1967. During his early years in film, he established as a worldwide cinematic idol renowned for his tramp persona. In the 1910s and 1920s, he was considered the most famous person on the planet, Chaplin was born in London and began acting on stage at the age of nine. In 1913, while on tour in the United States with Fred Karnos comedy group, during his time at Keystone, he began writing and directing some of the films in which he starred. Chaplin signed with the Essanay Film Manufacturing Company in 1915, in the late 1940s and early 1950s, Chaplin was accused of being a Communist sympathiser, which he denied. He remained a British subject and, while travelling to England in 1952 to attend the premiere of his film Limelight, Chaplin eventually settled in Switzerland, where he remained for the rest of his life. He made his last two films in England, during his lifetime, Chaplin received three awards from the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences.
At the first Academy Awards ceremony, held on 16 May 1929, he was nominated for Best Actor. The Academy dropped his two nominations, and he won an award for writing, producing. In 1972, he returned to the United States after nearly two decades to receive honorary award, this time for his overall achievements in cinema. The following year, Chaplins score for Limelight received the Academy Award for Best Music, although 20 years old by this time, Limelight had not been released in the Los Angeles area until 1972, and had not been eligible for Academy Award consideration before then. Chaplin received Academy Award nominations in 1940 for Best Actor, in 1942, Chaplin released a new version of The Gold Rush, taking the original silent 1925 film and composing and recording a musical score which was not released in 1925. The Gold Rush was nominated for Best Music and his last nomination was in 1947 for his screenplay of Monsieur Verdoux. As of 2011, six of the films Chaplin starred in have been added to the American National Film Registry, The Immigrant, The Kid, The Gold Rush, City Lights, Modern Times, selected was Show People, which features Chaplin in an unbilled cameo appearance.
For his work in pictures, Chaplin has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. In 1964 Chaplin established his official filmography with the publication of his book, the filmography consisted of 80 motion pictures released since 1914. Further detail was added to it in David Robinsons 1985 biography, His Life and Art, in 2010 the 82nd film was added with the discovery of A Thief Catcher, an early Keystone film hitherto thought lost. All of Chaplins films up to and including The Circus were silent, City Lights and Modern Times were essentially silent films, although they were made with soundtracks consisting of music and sound effects, with talking sequences in the latter film
Caught in the Rain
Caught in the Rain is a 1914 American comedy silent film starring Charlie Chaplin. This film was the first of many movies in which Chaplin both directed and played the lead, the short film was produced by Mack Sennett for Keystone Studios with a running time of 16 minutes. The action starts in a park, where a man is trying to romance a matronly woman, the man leaves to go to a concession stall, St Rucopias, and Charlie comes along in his infamous tramp costume. He makes the woman laugh by almost soaking himself at the drinking fountain and he sits next to her on the bench. The original man returns and is angry and he grabs Charlie by the face. He argues with the woman, waving his arms around and hitting Charlie with each movement and his last swing knocks Charlie clean over the bench. They leave and return to a hotel and he leaves the park and staggers, now apparently drunk, over a wide road, almost getting hit by a car. He arrives at the hotel and after propositioning a girl outside, enters.
He checks the register to see which room the couple are in, rushing up the stairs he slips, and slides comically back to the foot on his stomach. He makes several more dangerously balanced comical attempts, hitting the gout-bound man and he approaches the hotel room, where the original couple are arguing. His key doesnt fit but the door is open and he enters, Charlie tries another room with his key and gets in. He starts to undress and goes to bed, meanwhile the man across the hall leaves his wife to go out. We are told she is a sleepwalker and she crosses the hall to sit on Charlies bed. However the rain starts and the returns to the hotel to find his room empty. Charlie, now awake meets him at his door and claims not to know where his wife is, while the man goes down to reception, Charlie takes her back to her room but gets trapped when the man returns. He ends up on the balcony in the rain, but a policeman spots him and challenges him, drawing a gun. A comic battle ensues in the hallway, the husband ends up in Charlies room and collapses drunk on the bed.
The wife comes into the hall and she and Charlie fall down drunk on the floor
Mabel's Married Life
Mabels Married Life is an American comedy silent film made by Keystone Studios starring and co-written by Charles Chaplin and Mabel Normand, and directed by Chaplin. As was so often the case during his first year in film, Chaplin, in tramp attire, sits in the park with his wife, Mabel. While he is gone to a bar, a man holding a tennis racquet moves in on his wife. Chaplin returns to find them laughing together, but despite kicking him and hitting him with his cane the man is undeterred in his wooing of his wife. The man drags Mabel down to the edge of the lake in the park, Charlie finds the mans wife and they return together, where the wife first confronts her husband, but ends up confronting Mabel. She goes to strike her but hits Charlie instead, Mabel heads home but stops at a sporting goods store where she orders a man-shaped punch-bag. It is delivered whilst she is in her pyjamas and she wraps herself in a leopard-skin rug to answer the door. She starts practicing boxing moves on the dummy/punchbag and it is weighted so it swings back and knocks her over.
Meanwhile, Charlie returns to the bar, a man there ridicules Charlies clothes, particularly his baggy trousers. Then the first man reappears further ridiculing Charlie who is by now drunk, Charlie returns home, inexplicably holding a bunch of fresh onions, and trying to work out what the smell is. They fly through a door and onto Mabel who is in bed. Charlie in his drunken state sees the dummy as the rival, Mabel watches from the bedroom, frustrated by his actions. It swings back rolls forward again striking Charlie, Charlie tries to placate it but ends up striking it again. Each time he hits it, it hits him back harder, Mabel joins in the fight reveals to Charlie that it is just a dummy. Meanwhile, neighbour get concerned at the noise
Bernard Ben Turpin was an American comedian and actor, best remembered for his work in silent films. Turpin was born in New Orleans, Louisiana on September 19,1869, the son of a store owner, Ernest Turpin. Turpin and his first wife, actress Carrie Lemieux, were married in Chicago on February 18,1907, in 1923, Mrs. Turpin became ill with influenza, which caused the loss of her hearing. Heartbroken, Turpin took his seriously ill wife to the Basilica of Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré in Quebec and she eventually became an invalid, with Turpin placing his career on hold to care for her. Carrie died on October 2,1925, Turpin remarried on July 8,1926 to Babette Dietz in Los Angeles. He was a Roman Catholic, and a member of the Good Shepherd Parish, Turpin worked in vaudeville and circuses. He had an appearance, with a small wiry frame, a brush mustache. Turpins famous eyes, he said, only crossed as an adult after he suffered an accident. He was a devout Catholic, and his workmates occasionally goaded him by threatening to pray that his eyes would uncross, Turpin famously bought a $25,000 insurance policy with Lloyds of London, payable if his eyes ever uncrossed. A1920 version of the story had his eyes insured for $100,000, how serious this was is open to question, such publicity stunts centered around a performers trademark were common at the time.
He developed a style of physical comedy, including an ability to stage comic pratfalls that impressed even his fellow workers in the rough-and-tumble world of silent comedy. One of his specialties was a forward tumble he called the hundred an eight and it was basically an interrupted forward somersault initiated by kicking one leg up, turning over 180 degrees to land flat on the back or in a seated position. Ben Turpin first appeared on film in 1907 for Essanay Studios in Chicago in various small parts, in addition to his on-screen work, he worked as a carpenter and janitor for Essanay. In the 1909 film Mr. Flip, Turpin receives what is believed to have been the first pie-in-the-face, by 1912 he was an established — if not major — screen personality, giving interviews and writing articles for the new fan magazines. Charlie Chaplin joined the Essanay company in 1915, and the studio made Turpin his second banana, Chaplin was maturing as a filmmaker, working slowly and intuitively. Turpin, was impatient with Chaplins methods, the earthy Turpin understood straightforward slapstick more than comic subtlety.
The Chaplin-Turpin duo didnt last long, with Chaplin abandoning Chicago for California, Essanay did not survive Chaplins departure and remained solvent for only a few more years. Turpin may have been aware of Essanays instability, he left for the Vogue comedy company, former Essanay comedian Paddy McQuire supported him
In the Park
In the Park is Charlie Chaplins fourth film released in 1915 by Essanay Films. It was his third film while at the Niles Essanay Studio and it was one of several films Charlie Chaplin created in a park setting. The film co-starred Edna Purviance, Leo White, Lloyd Bacon, a tramp steals a girls handbag, but when he tries to pick Charlies pocket loses his cigarettes and matches. He rescues a hot dog man from a thug, but takes a few with his walking stick, when the thief tries to take some of Charlies sausages, Charlie gets the handbag. The handbag makes its way from person to person to its owner, the boyfriend decides to throw himself in the lake in despair, so Charlie helps him out
A film, called a movie, motion picture, theatrical film or photoplay, is a series of still images which, when shown on a screen, creates the illusion of moving images due to the phi phenomenon. This optical illusion causes the audience to perceive continuous motion between separate objects viewed rapidly in succession, the process of filmmaking is both an art and an industry. The word cinema, short for cinematography, is used to refer to the industry of films. Films were originally recorded onto plastic film through a photochemical process, the adoption of CGI-based special effects led to the use of digital intermediates. Most contemporary films are now fully digital through the process of production, distribution. Films recorded in a form traditionally included an analogous optical soundtrack. It runs along a portion of the film exclusively reserved for it and is not projected, Films are cultural artifacts created by specific cultures. They reflect those cultures, and, in turn, affect them, Film is considered to be an important art form, a source of popular entertainment, and a powerful medium for educating—or indoctrinating—citizens.
The visual basis of film gives it a power of communication. Some films have become popular worldwide attractions by using dubbing or subtitles to translate the dialog into the language of the viewer, some have criticized the film industrys glorification of violence and its potentially negative treatment of women. The individual images that make up a film are called frames, the perception of motion is due to a psychological effect called phi phenomenon. The name film originates from the fact that film has historically been the medium for recording and displaying motion pictures. Many other terms exist for a motion picture, including picture, picture show, moving picture, photoplay. The most common term in the United States is movie, while in Europe film is preferred. Terms for the field, in general, include the big screen, the screen, the movies, and cinema. In early years, the sheet was sometimes used instead of screen. Preceding film in origin by thousands of years, early plays and dances had elements common to film, sets, production, actors, storyboards, much terminology used in film theory and criticism apply, such as mise en scène.
Owing to the lack of any technology for doing so, the moving images, the magic lantern, probably created by Christiaan Huygens in the 1650s, could be used to project animation, which was achieved by various types of mechanical slides
The Essanay Film Manufacturing Company was an American motion picture studio. It is best known today for its series of Charlie Chaplin comedies of 1915, the studio was founded in 1907 in Chicago, United States by George K. Spoor and Gilbert M. Anderson, originally as the Peerless Film Manufacturing Company. On August 10,1907, the name was changed to Essanay, Essanay was originally located at 496 Wells Street. Essanays first film, An Awful Skate, or The Hobo on Rollers, starring Ben Turpin, produced for only a hundred dollars. The studio prospered and in 1908 moved to its more famous address at 1333–45 W. Argyle St in Uptown, the mainstays of the organization, were studio co-owner G. M. Anderson, starring in the very popular Broncho Billy westerns, and Charlie Chaplin. Allan Dwan was hired by Essanay Studios as a screenwriter and developed into a famous Hollywood director, louella Parsons was hired as a screenwriter and went on to be a Hollywood gossip columnist. Both George K. Spoor and Gilbert M.
Broncho Billy Anderson received Oscars, specifically Academy Honorary Awards and this included locations in San Rafael and Santa Barbara. Colorado is the finest place in the country for Wild West stuff, Essanay opened the Essanay-West studio in Niles, California, in 1912, at the foot of Niles Canyon, where many Broncho Billy westerns were shot, along with The Tramp featuring Charlie Chaplin. Eventually the studio moved all operations to Los Angeles, the Chicago studio, as well as the new Niles studio, continued to produce films for another five years, reaching a total of well over 1,400 Essanay titles during its ten-year history. Essanay produced some of the very first cartoons. In late 1914 Essanay succeeded in hiring Charlie Chaplin away from Mack Sennetts Keystone Studios, offering Chaplin a higher salary, Chaplin made 14 short comedies for Essanay in 1915, at both the Chicago and Niles studios, plus a cameo appearance in one of the Broncho Billy westerns. Chaplins Essanays are more disciplined than the chaotic roughhouse of Chaplins Keystones, with better story values, the landmark film of the Chaplin series is The Tramp, in which Chaplins vagabond character finds work on a farm and is smitten with the farmers daughter.
Chaplin injected moments of drama and pathos unheard of in slapstick comedies, audiences responded to the humanity of Chaplins character, and Chaplin continued to explore serious or sentimental themes within comic situations. Chaplin disliked the weather of Chicago, and left after only one year for more money. His departure caused a rift between founders Spoor and Anderson, Chaplin was the studios biggest moneymaker, and Essanay resorted to creating new Chaplin comedies from file footage and out-takes. Finally, with Chaplin off the Essanay scene for good, Essanay signed French comedian Max Linder, Linder failed to match Chaplins popularity in America. In a last-ditch effort to save the studio, Essanay joined in a four-way merger orchestrated by Chicago distributor George Kleine in 1918, kleines new combine, V-L-S-E, was an amalgam of the Vitagraph, Lubin and Essanay companies. Only the Vitagraph brand name continued into the 1920s, and was absorbed by Warner Brothers in 1925
The Masquerader (1914 film)
The Masquerader is a 1914 film written and directed by Charles Chaplin during his time at The Keystone Company. This film stars Chaplin and Roscoe Arbuckle and has a time of 13 minutes. It is the film directed and the second written by Chaplin. This is a film where we get the chance to see Charlie the actor, Charlie the Tramp. The Masquerader is a short film, that is about making films at Keystone. Charlie plays an actor who bungles several scenes and is kicked out, the next day a strange beautiful woman appears to audition for the film, its Charlie in drag. After doing an impersonation of a female, Charlie has drawn the attention of the director and is hired to act in his films. The director gives the woman the mens dressing room to change in. When the director returns, looking for the woman, he finds Charlie, the director chases Charlie through the studio until Charlie decides to jump into what he thinks is a prop well. The film ends with the director and other actors laughing at Charlie as he is trapped in the bottom of the well, the plot involving a man dressing up as a woman is quite popular in old silent movies