A trust is a relationship whereby property is held by one party for the benefit of another. A trust is created by a settlor, who transfers property to a trustee, the trustee holds that property for the trusts beneficiaries. Trusts exist mainly in common law jurisdictions and similar systems existed since Roman times and this may be done for tax avoidance reasons or to control the property and its benefits if the settlor is absent, incapacitated, or deceased. Trusts are frequently created in wills, defining how money and property will be handled for children or other beneficiaries, the trustee is given legal title to the trust property, but is obligated to act for the good of the beneficiaries. The trustee may be compensated and have expenses reimbursed, but otherwise must turn over all profits from the trust properties, Trustees who violate this fiduciary duty are self-dealing. Courts can reverse self-dealing actions, order profits returned, and impose other sanctions, the trustee may be either an individual, a company, or a public body.
There may be a trustee or multiple co-trustees. The trust is governed by the terms under which it was created, in most jurisdictions, this requires a contractual trust agreement or deed. A trust is created by a settlor, who transfers title to some or all of his or her property to a trustee, the trust is governed by the terms under which it was created. In most jurisdictions, this requires a contractual trust agreement or deed and it is possible for a single individual to assume the role of more than one of these parties, and for multiple individuals to share a single role. For example, in a living trust it is common for the grantor to be both a trustee and a beneficiary, while naming other contingent beneficiaries. Trusts have existed since Roman times and have one of the most important innovations in property law. Trust law has evolved through court rulings differently in different states, so statements in this article are generalizations, States are adapting the Uniform Trust Code to codify and harmonize their trust laws, but state-specific variations still remain.
An owner placing property into trust turns over part of his or her bundle of rights to the trustee, separating the propertys legal ownership and control from its equitable ownership and benefits. This may be done for tax reasons or to control the property and its benefits if the settlor is absent, testamentary trusts may be created in wills, defining how money and property will be handled for children or other beneficiaries. While the trustee is given legal title to the trust property, in accepting the property title, the primary duties owed include the duty of loyalty, the duty of prudence, the duty of impartiality. A trustee may be held to a high standard of care in their dealings. In addition, a trustee has a duty to know, the trustee may be compensated and have expenses reimbursed, but otherwise must turn over all profits from the trust properties
In Christology, the Person of Christ refers to the study of the human and divine natures of Jesus Christ as they co-exist within one person. There is no discussion in the New Testament regarding the dual nature of the Person of Christ as both divine and human. Hence, since the days of Christianity theologians have debated various approaches to the understanding of these natures. In the period following the Apostolic Age, specific beliefs such as Arianism and Docetism were criticized. On the other end of the spectrum, Docetism argued that Jesus physical body was an illusion, docetic teachings were attacked by St. Ignatius of Antioch and were eventually abandoned by proto-orthodox Christians. However, after the First Council of Nicaea in 325 the Logos, historically in the Alexandrian school of christology, Jesus Christ is the eternal Logos paradoxically humanized in history, a divine Person who became enfleshed, uniting himself to the human nature. The views of these schools can be summarized as follows, Antioch, Logos assumes a specific human being The First Council of Ephesus in 431 debated a number of views regarding the Person of Christ.
At the same gathering the council debated the doctrines of monophysitism or miaphysitism. The council rejected Nestorianism and adopted the term hypostatic union, referring to divine, the language used in the 431 declaration was further refined at the 451 Council of Chalcedon. However, the Chalcedon creed was not accepted by all Christians, because Saint Augustine died in 430 he did not participate in the Council of Ephesus in 431 or Chalcedon in 451, but his ideas had some impact on both councils. On the other hand, the major theological figure of the Middle Ages. The Third Council of Constantinople in 680 held that both divine and human wills exist in Jesus, with the divine will having precedence and guiding the human will. John Calvin maintained that there was no element in the Person of Christ which could be separated from the person of The Word. Calvin emphasized the importance of the Work of Christ in any attempt at understanding the Person of Christ, the study of the Person of Christ continued into the 20th century, with modern theologians such as Karl Rahner and Hans von Balthasar.
Balthasar argued that the union of the human and divine natures of Christ was achieved not by the absorption of human attributes, thus in his view the divine nature of Christ was not affected by the human attributes and remained forever divine
George Q. Cannon
He was the churchs chief political strategist, and was dubbed the Mormon premier and the Mormon Richelieu by the press. He was a five-time Territorial Delegate to the US Congress, Cannon was born in Liverpool, England, to George Cannon and Ann Quayle, the eldest of six children. His mother and father were from Peel on the Isle of Man and his fathers sister, Leonora Cannon, had married future Latter Day Saint apostle John Taylor and was baptized in 1836. News reached the elder George Cannon and four years later, when Taylor came to Liverpool, Cannon was 13 years old at the time. Cannons siblings were Mary Alice Cannon, Ann Cannon, Angus M. Cannon, David H. Cannon, in 1842, the Cannon family set sail for the United States to join with the church in Nauvoo, Illinois. On the voyage over the Atlantic Ocean, Cannons mother died, the motherless family arrived safely in Nauvoo in the spring of 1843. George Sr. married Mary Edwards in 1844 and had another daughter, in Nauvoo, Cannons father sent him to live with his uncle and aunt and Leonora Taylor.
Cannon worked in the office of Times and Seasons and the Nauvoo Neighbor for Taylor. In June 1844, Taylor accompanied Joseph Smith, Hyrum Smith, there and Hyrum were killed, and Taylor sustained serious bullet wounds. Cannon tended the printing affairs while Taylor recovered and this training would serve him well in life. In 1846, Taylor traveled to England to organize the affairs of the church after Smiths death, Cannon accompanied Taylors wife and family as they moved to Winter Quarters, Nebraska. When Taylor returned, Cannon traveled with the entire Taylor family to the Salt Lake Valley, in 1849, Cannon was asked by church president Brigham Young to serve as a missionary for the church in the Sandwich Islands, where he served for four years. While in the islands, Cannon converted many Native Hawaiians, one of the most notable was Jonatana Napela, who assisted Cannon in translating the Book of Mormon into Hawaiian. Joseph F. Smith, a church president, would follow Cannon. Returning to Utah Territory, Cannon married Elizabeth Hoagland He was almost immediately called to assist apostle Parley P.
Pratt in publishing a newspaper in California. Meeting Pratt in California, Cannon was told that he would remain behind and became president of the churchs Oregon and California Mission, during this period of time, Cannon published the Hawaiian translation of the Book of Mormon. In February 1856, he started the Western Standard, a publication based in San Francisco. Returning to Utah in 1857 to assist in the Utah War, during this time, Cannon served as printer of the Deseret News while it was publishing in exile in Fillmore, Utah
The Internet Archive launched the Wayback Machine in October 2001. It was set up by Brewster Kahle and Bruce Gilliat, and is maintained with content from Alexa Internet, the service enables users to see archived versions of web pages across time, which the archive calls a three dimensional index. Since 1996, the Wayback Machine has been archiving cached pages of websites onto its large cluster of Linux nodes and it revisits sites every few weeks or months and archives a new version. Sites can be captured on the fly by visitors who enter the sites URL into a search box, the intent is to capture and archive content that otherwise would be lost whenever a site is changed or closed down. The overall vision of the machines creators is to archive the entire Internet, the name Wayback Machine was chosen as a reference to the WABAC machine, a time-traveling device used by the characters Mr. Peabody and Sherman in The Rocky and Bullwinkle Show, an animated cartoon. These crawlers respect the robots exclusion standard for websites whose owners opt for them not to appear in search results or be cached, to overcome inconsistencies in partially cached websites, Archive-It.
Information had been kept on digital tape for five years, with Kahle occasionally allowing researchers, when the archive reached its fifth anniversary, it was unveiled and opened to the public in a ceremony at the University of California, Berkeley. Snapshots usually become more than six months after they are archived or, in some cases, even later. The frequency of snapshots is variable, so not all tracked website updates are recorded, Sometimes there are intervals of several weeks or years between snapshots. After August 2008 sites had to be listed on the Open Directory in order to be included. As of 2009, the Wayback Machine contained approximately three petabytes of data and was growing at a rate of 100 terabytes each month, the growth rate reported in 2003 was 12 terabytes/month, the data is stored on PetaBox rack systems manufactured by Capricorn Technologies. In 2009, the Internet Archive migrated its customized storage architecture to Sun Open Storage, in 2011 a new, improved version of the Wayback Machine, with an updated interface and fresher index of archived content, was made available for public testing.
The index driving the classic Wayback Machine only has a bit of material past 2008. In January 2013, the company announced a ground-breaking milestone of 240 billion URLs, in October 2013, the company announced the Save a Page feature which allows any Internet user to archive the contents of a URL. This became a threat of abuse by the service for hosting malicious binaries, as of December 2014, the Wayback Machine contained almost nine petabytes of data and was growing at a rate of about 20 terabytes each week. Between October 2013 and March 2015 the websites global Alexa rank changed from 162 to 208, in a 2009 case, Netbula, LLC v. Chordiant Software Inc. defendant Chordiant filed a motion to compel Netbula to disable the robots. Netbula objected to the motion on the ground that defendants were asking to alter Netbulas website, in an October 2004 case, Telewizja Polska USA, Inc. v. Echostar Satellite, No.02 C3293,65 Fed. 673, a litigant attempted to use the Wayback Machine archives as a source of admissible evidence, Telewizja Polska is the provider of TVP Polonia and EchoStar operates the Dish Network
The Salt Lake Tribune
The Salt Lake Tribune is a daily newspaper published in the city of Salt Lake City, with the largest weekday circulation but second largest Sunday circulation behind the Deseret News. The Tribune, often referred to as just the Trib, is owned by Paul Huntsman, for almost 100 years it was a family-owned newspaper held by the heirs of U. S. After Kearns died in 1918 the company was controlled by his widow, Jennie Judge Kearns, the newspapers longtime publisher was John F. Fitzpatrick, who started his career as secretary to Senator Kearns in 1913. On April 20,2016, Huntsman Family Investments, a private-equity firm headed by Paul Huntsman, the newspapers motto, at the top of its masthead, is Utahs Independent Voice Since 1871. T. Harrison and Edward W. Tullidge, who disagreed with the churchs economic, after a year its name was changed to the Salt Lake Daily Tribune and Utah Mining Gazette, but soon after that, the name was shortened to The Salt Lake Tribune. In 1873 three Kansas businessmen, Frederic Lockley, George F.
Prescott and A. M, purchased the company and turned it into an anti-Mormon newspaper which consistently backed the local Liberal Party. Sometimes vitriolic, the Tribune held particular antipathy for LDS Church president Brigham Young, in the edition announcing Youngs death, the Tribune wrote, He was illiterate and he has made frequent boast that he never saw the inside of a school house. His habit of mind was singularly illogical and his public addresses the greatest farrago of nonsense that ever was put in print and he prided himself on being a great financer, and yet all of his commercial speculations have been conspicuous failures. He was blarophant, and pretended to be in daily with the Almighty, and yet he was groveling in his ideas, and the system of religion he formulated was well nigh Satanic. — The Salt Lake Tribune, August 30,1877 In 1901 newly elected United States Senator Thomas Kearns, a Roman Catholic, and his business partner, David Keith, secretly bought the Tribune. Kearns made strides to eliminate the papers anti-Mormon overtones, and succeeded in maintaining good relationships with the state legislature which had elected him to the Senate.
After Keith died in 1918 the Kearns family bought out Keiths share of the Salt Lake Tribune Publishing Company, in 1902 the company started up an evening edition, known as The Salt Lake Telegram. John F. Fitzpatrick became publisher in 1924 and worked closely with Tribune and Telegram president Thomas F. Kearns, in 1952 the Tribune entered into a joint operating agreement with the Deseret News and created the Newspaper Agency Corporation. Fitzpatrick was the architect of NAC and the Kearns–Tribunes investment into the cable business, in 1960 Fitzpatrick died of a heart attack. An emergency session of the Kearns–Tribune Corp. board selected John W. Gallivan as the next publisher and he remained in that position until 1984 and chairman of the board until 1997. The Kearns family owned a majority share of the newspaper until 1997 when they merged with Tele-Communications Inc. a multimedia corporation, the Tribune was subsequently sold to Denver, Colorado-based MediaNews Group in 2000. In 2002 the Tribune was mired in controversy after employees sold information related to the Elizabeth Smart kidnapping case to The National Enquirer, Tribune editor James Jay Shelledy resigned from his job at the paper amidst the fallout of the scandal.
Two staffers were removed from their positions as Tribune reporters, in 2004 the paper decided to move from its historic location at the downtown Tribune building, to The Gateway development
Bountiful, British Columbia
Bountiful is a settlement located in the Creston Valley of southeastern British Columbia, near Cranbrook and Creston. The closest community is Lister, British Columbia, Bountiful is made up of members of two polygamist Mormon fundamentalist groups. The settlement is named after Bountiful in the Book of Mormon, the first member of the group that bought property near Lister was Harold Micheal Blackmore, who moved there with his family in 1946. Other members of the church who believed in the principles of plural marriages soon followed, after Winston Blackmore became the bishop in the 1980s, the group took the name of Bountiful. In 1998 the estimated population was 600 and has grown to about 1,000. Most of the residents are descended from only half a dozen men, the current FLDS bishop is James Oler. On April 19,2005 Bountifuls leaders held a press conference in an effort to dispel many of the allegations of abuse that had surrounded their community. Bountiful has come under scrutiny for its involvement in the polygamous sect.
Warren Jeffs, who was one of the FBIs Ten Most Wanted Fugitives, is thought to have visited a dozen or so times in 2005, Jeffs was captured by the authorities outside Las Vegas during August 2006 during a routine traffic stop. On September 25,2007 Jeffs was found guilty of being an accomplice to rape, prosecutors said Jeffs forced a 14-year-old girl into marriage and sex with her 19-year-old first cousin. Jeffs faces five years to life in prison on each of two felony charges, utah Attorney General Mark Shurtleff said, Everyone should now know that no one is above the law, religion is not an excuse for abuse and every victim has a right to be heard. Winston Blackmores family invited the media to visit on May 16,2006 in response to a recent visit by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, three of his wives may face deportation, as they are US citizens and would not be considered legally married to a Canadian. Peck suggested that British Columbia ask the courts whether the current laws concerning polygamy, peck said that its time to find out once and for all if Canadas laws against polygamy will stand.
He stated that, If the law is upheld, members of the Bountiful community will have fair notice that their practice of polygamy must cease, the Supreme Court of British Columbia upheld Canadas polygamy laws in a 2011 reference case. Two Canadians from Bountiful travelled to Texas shortly after their daughter was removed in the raid of 2008 and they told authorities that their 17-year-old daughter was visiting her grandmother, and wanted to take her home. The Secret Lives of Saints, Child Brides and Lost Boys in a Polygamous Mormon Sect, under the Banner of Heaven, A story of Violent Faith. Religious Tolerance, Polygyny in the Mormon Movement, British Columbia CBC, B. C. needs legal opinion before polygamy court challenge, lawyer - CBC News
Apostle (Latter Day Saints)
‹See Tfd› In the Latter Day Saint movement, an apostle is a special witness of the name of Jesus Christ who is sent to teach the principles of salvation to others. In many Latter Day Saint churches, an apostle is an office of high authority within the church hierarchy. In many churches, apostles may be members of the Quorum of the Twelve, in most Latter Day Saint churches, modern-day apostles are considered to have the same status and authority as the Biblical apostles. In the Latter Day Saint tradition and prophets are believed to be the foundation of the church, joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery were both designated apostles by 1830. Other church members with proselytizing responsibilities were referred to as apostles, a June 1829 revelation appointed Cowdery and David Whitmer to designate twelve disciples. Subsequently, the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles was organized February 14,1835, in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, apostle is the highest priesthood office of the Melchizedek priesthood.
The President of the Church is always an apostle, as are the members of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, in practice, counselors in the First Presidency are almost always apostles as well. There are usually at least twelve apostles in the LDS Church, some apostles have been ordained to that office without being included within the Quorum of the Twelve. Joseph Angell Young was ordained an apostle in 1864 but was never a member of either the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles or the First Presidency, joseph F. Smith, Brigham Young, Jr. and Sylvester Q. Cannon had each been ordained as apostles before eventually being called into the Quorum of the Twelve, the next most senior apostle becomes president of the Quorum of the Twelve. Following their calling to the apostleship, members of the Quorum are sustained in general conference as apostles and prophets and this procedure takes place at other meetings of church members such as ward and stake conferences. Each member of the First Presidency and Quorum of the Twelve is sustained by name, the president of the church ordains a new apostle, although any other apostle may ordain a person to the priesthood office.
The calling of an apostle is to be a witness of the name of Jesus Christ in all the world, particularly of his divinity. Twelve men with this high calling constitute an administrative council in the work of the ministry, when a vacancy occurred with the death of Judas Iscariot, Matthias was divinely appointed to that special office as a member of the council. Today twelve men with this same divine calling and ordination constitute the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The title was applied to others who, though not of the number of the original twelve. Paul repeatedly spoke of himself as an apostle and he applied the titles to James, the Lords brother, and to Barnabas. Jesus is referred to as an apostle in Heb,3, 1-2, a designation meaning that he is the personal and select representative of the Father
Latter Day Saint movement
The Latter Day Saint movement is the collection of independent church groups that trace their origins to a Christian primitivist movement founded by Joseph Smith in the late 1820s. Collectively, these churches have over 15 million members, the vast majority of adherents belong to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, with their predominant theology being Mormonism. The LDS Church self-identifies as Christian, based on the teachings of this book and other revelations, Smith founded a Christian primitivist church, called the Church of Christ. The Book of Mormon attracted hundreds of followers, who became known as Mormons, Latter Day Saints. In 1831, Smith moved the headquarters to Kirtland, Ohio. After the church in Ohio collapsed due to dissensions, in 1838, Smith and the body of the moved to Missouri. After Smiths death in 1844, a crisis led to the organization splitting into several groups. The largest of these, the LDS Church, migrated under the leadership of Brigham Young to the Great Basin, the LDS Church officially renounced this practice in 1890, and gradually discontinued it, resulting in the Utah Territory becoming a U. S. state.
This change resulted in the formation of a number of small sects who sought to maintain polygamy and other 19th-century Mormon doctrines and practices, other groups originating within the Latter Day Saint movement followed different paths in Missouri, Illinois and Pennsylvania. For the most part these groups rejected plural marriage and some of Smiths teachings, the largest of these, the Community of Christ, was formed in Illinois in 1860 by several groups uniting around Smiths son, Joseph Smith III. Most existing denominations that adhere to the teachings of Smith have some relationship with the movement. The driving force behind and founder of the Latter Day Saint movement was Joseph Smith and Cowdery explained that the angels John the Baptist, Peter and John visited them in 1829 and gave them priesthood authority to reestablish the Church of Christ. The first Latter Day Saint church was formed on April 6,1830, consisting of a community of believers in the western New York towns of Fayette, the church was formally organized under the name of the Church of Christ.
In 1844, William Law and several other Latter Day Saints in church leadership positions publicly denounced Smiths secret practice of polygamy in the Nauvoo Expositor, the city council of Nauvoo, led by Smith, subsequently had the printing press of the Expositor destroyed. In spite of Smiths offer to pay damages for destroyed property, critics of Smith, some called for the Latter Day Saints to be either expelled or destroyed. These various claims resulted in a succession crisis, many supported Brigham Young, the President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, others Sidney Rigdon, the senior surviving member of the First Presidency. These various groups are referred to under two geographical headings, Prairie Saints and Rocky Mountain Saints. Today, the vast majority of Latter Day Saints belong to the Utah-based The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, the second-largest denomination is the Missouri-based Community of Christ which reports over 250,000 members
Apostolic United Brethren
The Apostolic United Brethren is a fundamentalist group that promotes polygamy. The title Apostolic United Brethren is not generally used by members and those outside the faith sometimes refer to it as the Allred Group because two of its presidents shared that surname. The AUB is unrelated to other similarly named groups such as Churches of the Brethren and this fundamentalist group recently came into the Hollywood spotlight with the release of the hit Reality TV Series Sister Wives aired in 2010. The AUB furnished a description of their beliefs and practices in August 2009 to the Utah Attorney Generals Polygamy Primer. This booklet is used to educate the law enforcement and social relief agencies involved with similar groups, as of 1998, there were approximately 10,000 members of the AUB, most of whom reside in Utah and Mexico. The headquarters of the AUB is in Bluffdale, where it has a chapel, a school, and it operates at least three private schools, many families home-school or send their children to public or public charter schools.
This can largely be attributed to the AUBs former prophet, Owen A. Allred believed that transparency was key in helping the community see that the AUB, the AUB is headed by a President of the Priesthood. Next in authority is a Priesthood Council, on a local level there are Bishops, Priesthood Council representatives, and patriarchs. General Sacrament Meeting and Sunday School meetings take place on Sundays, relief Society, Young Womens and Scouting take place throughout the week. Dances, musical events and classes are held at meetinghouses. The AUB regards the Book of Mormon as sacred scripture in addition to the Bible, the AUB teaches that the LDS Church is still fulfilling a divine role in spreading the Book of Mormon and other basic doctrines of Mormonism, and in facilitating genealogy. Members of the AUB are known for their belief in plural marriage, other key beliefs include the United Order, the Adam–God doctrine, and what is commonly called the 1886 Meeting. While not all take part in plural marriage, it is considered a crucial step in the quest for obtaining the highest glory of heaven.
Allred, told a fundamentalist congregation in 1966, We are specifically instructed through John Taylor by Joseph Smith and Jesus Christ, with the function of the Church. God’s Church is the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and he further explained in 1975, We are members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, no matter who may decry it or who may deny it. We are functioning within the confines of the Church, he commented. Under his leadership, the Allred group did no work or temple work. He predicted in 1975 that the time is at hand when God is going to intervene in the matter, and the temples will be opened to us, the following day, the Woolleys, as well as Taylors counselor, George Q
Council of Friends (Woolley)
The Council of Friends was one of the original expressions of Mormon fundamentalism, having its origins in the teachings of Lorin C. Woolley, a dairy farmer excommunicated from The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in 1924, Woolley, to ensure that the practice of polygamy would continue into perpetuity even if abandoned by the church. To that end, Woolley extended the same authority to a seven-man Council of Friends between 1929 and 1933. Following the death of Woolley in September 1934 and of his Second Elder J. Leslie Broadbent six months later, the leadership of the Group fell to John Y. Barlow believed that the isolated Creek could provide a place of refuge for those engaging in the practice of polygamy, a felony, within a month. The UEP was incorporated on November 9,1942, the group was notorious for the practice of polygamy due to media coverage during the Short Creek raids of 1945 and 1953. Additions were made to Woolleys Council of Friends as time went on, leroy S. Johnson and Rulon Jeffs, future leaders of the FLDS Church, were ordained by John Y.
Barlow in the 1940s, while Joseph Mussers ordination of Rulon C, allred in 1952 caused a division in the community and led to the creation of the Apostolic United Brethren. Today, the AUB continues to be led by a Priesthood Council, Woolley claimed to have been ordained to the Council for precisely that purpose by President John Taylor in 1886, along with his father John W. Woolley and four others. Barlow, Joseph White Musser, Charles Zitting, LeGrande Woolley, the following are the leaders of the Council of Friends prior to the 1954 split, John W. Woolley Lorin C. Woolley J. Leslie Broadbent John Y, barlow Joseph W. Musser Charles Zitting
Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought
Dialogue, A Journal of Mormon Thought is an independent quarterly journal of Mormon thought that addresses a wide range of issues on Mormonism and the Latter Day Saint Movement. The journal publishes peer-reviewed academic articles that run the gamut from anthropology and sociology to theology, the journal publishes fiction and graphic arts. Dialogue authors regularly include both members of the Mormon community and non-Mormon scholars interested in Mormon Studies, douglas Davies and Jan Shipps are some of the non-Mormon academics that publish in Dialogue. Examples of Mormon authors are Eugene England, Richard Bushman, Claudia Bushman, Gregory Prince, Dialogue, A Journal of Mormon Thought, is the oldest independent journal in Mormon Studies. Dialogue was originally the creation of a group of young Mormon scholars at Stanford University led by Eugene England, Dialogues original offices were located at Stanford. Brent Rushforth aided in Dialogues initiation, Cherry Silver, Karen Rosenbaum, and Laurel Thatcher Ulrich.
Dialogue is known for publishing groundbreaking articles from respected Mormon scholars and writers such as Armand Mauss, Hugh Nibley, Lester Bush, and D. Michael Quinn. Two key sponsors and advisors from the beginning were Lowell L. Bennion, of the LDS Institute at the University of Utah, Dialogue has nevertheless remained totally independent of church auspices over the years thanks to loyal readers and the generosity of its donors. The founding and subsequent editorial boards have been composed mainly of scholars, the Mormon History Association was founded in 1966, and for the first 6–7 years of its existence, MHA members published their Mormon-related studies principally in Dialogue. MHA founded the Journal of Mormon History, since then and The Journal of Mormon History, along with BYU Studies Quarterly have been some of the main venues for historical studies of Mormonism. Both BYU Studies Quarterly and Sunstone Magazine are periodicals that, like Dialogue, in 2005 Dialogue dipped its toe into the Bloggernacle with several of its editorial and board members participating as long-term guest contributors to the Mormon blog By Common Consent.
Then in early 2006 Dialogue introduced Dialogue Paperless at Dialoguejournal. com, with sections for ePapers, Letters, the e-Papers section intended to supplement the printed journal by housing digital documents that qualify as papers. complete pieces, duly refereed and edited and hitherto unpublished. In 2005, Dialogue received 1,332 responses to a subscriber survey, Dialogue reports the following responses, The geographic location of respondents was, California, other Western states—Rockies to the Coast, the Northeast, elsewhere. Less than 1% lived outside the U. S. though there is indication that the availability of the on-line subscriptions may be changing the level of international readership. The terminal education degree of respondents was, doctoral degree, Master’s, Bachelor’s degree, 66% of respondents attend worship service every week, another 12% attend “most weeks”. 59% of today’s readers are returned missionaries, 90% of respondents are members of the LDS Church. Around 6% of respondents described themselves as having left the LDS Church, 81% of respondents either “strongly” or “somewhat” agreed that Dialogue contributes to their personal spiritual or religious enrichment.
84% of respondents viewed the Book of Mormon as “authentic in any sense. ”In collaboration with the University of Utahs J. Willard Marriott Library, the librarys Special Collections now hosts the digital archive in pdf and text-searchable form