Sheila Keith was a British character actress, active in theatre, films and TV. She was born to Scottish parents in London while they were visiting the city and brought up in Aberdeen, Scotland. Longing to act, she trained at the Webber Douglas Academy of Dramatic Art in London, her stage career took her from repertory theatre at the Bristol Old Vic and Pitlochry, to West End appearances including Noël Coward's Present Laughter, Mame with Ginger Rogers, An Italian Straw Hat, Anyone for Denis?, Deathtrap. The Scotsman wrote: "In the Sixties, she was seen in series such as The Saint, Public Eye and Sherlock Holmes, but she gained a national popularity. It was the era when the soap was hugely popular and Noelle Gordon ruled the motel with a rod of iron... She played Lady Rosina in the BBC’s mammoth production of The Pallisers, Aunt Morag in Hinge and Bracket’s TV series Dear Ladies, Auntie Ethel in Moody and Pegg, she was seen in the first run of Dr Finlay's Casebook."But Sheila Keith remains best known for her excellent performances in the cult horror films of director Pete Walker, having played leading roles in shockers such as House of Whipcord, House of Mortal Sin, The Comeback and House of the Long Shadows.
She played variously, a lesbian prison warder, a one eyed housekeeper, an elderly cannibal, amongst other parts. In her obituary, The Times described her as an "Actress of film and television who became a ‘British horror icon’"... It was with her portrayal of sinister and deranged women in the horror movies of the director Pete Walker that she acquired her most devoted following". Sheila Keith had a memorable role as the Reverend Mother Stephen opposite Arthur Lowe, in all three series of the LWT sitcom Bless Me, Father, her final role was in the first episode of a horror spoof TV series, Dr. Terrible's House of Horrible, starring Steve Coogan, in 2001. 1969: It All Goes to Show as Councillor Mrs. Parker 1972: Ooh... You Are Awful as Lady Magistrate 1974: House of Whipcord as Walker 1974: Frightmare as Dorothy Yates 1975: House of Mortal Sin as Miss Brabazon 1978: The Comeback as Mrs. B 1982: The Return of the Soldier as Sister 1983: House of the Long Shadows as Victoria Grisbane 1986: Clockwise as Pat's Mother 1989: Venus Peter as Epp 1990: The Rainbow Thief as Bernadette Sheila Keith on IMDb
Surrey is a subdivision of the English region of South East England in the United Kingdom. A historic and ceremonial county, Surrey is one of the home counties; the county borders Kent to the east, East Sussex and West Sussex to the south, Hampshire to the west, Berkshire to the northwest, Greater London to the northeast. Inhabited by about 1.2 million people, Surrey is the twelfth most populous English county, both the third most populous home county and the third most populous county in the South East. Guildford is considered to be the county town; however despite the town's designation, Surrey County Council has never been based there, being instead seated throughout its history in London. Since the borders of Surrey were altered in 1965 by the London Government Act 1963 which created Greater London, none of these places are now in Surrey, marking an example of a de facto capital, located outside of its administrative area. Surrey is divided into eleven districts: Elmbridge and Ewell, Mole Valley and Banstead, Spelthorne, Surrey Heath, Tandridge and Woking.
Services such as roads, mineral extraction licensing, strategic waste and recycling infrastructure, birth and death registration, social and children's services are administered by Surrey County Council. The London boroughs of Lambeth, Southwark and small parts of Lewisham and Bromley were in Surrey until 1889. Since the 1965 reform the bordering boroughs of the capital have been those taken from it in 1965 plus Bromley and Hounslow; the form of Surrey which remains since 1965 is a wealthy county due to economic, aesthetic and logistical factors. It has the highest GDP per capita of any English county, some of the highest property values outside Inner London and the highest cost of living in the UK outside of the capital. Surrey has the highest proportion of woodland in England, having been rural since it was shorn in 1965 of the urbanised swathes of South London which had hitherto been part of the county, it has large protected green spaces. It has four racecourses in horse racing, the most of any Home County and as at 2013 contained 141 golf courses including international competition venue Wentworth.
Surrey has proximity to London and to Heathrow and Gatwick airports, along with access to major arterial road routes including the M25, M3 and M23 and frequent rail services into Central London. Surrey is divided in two by the chalk ridge of the North Downs; the ridge is pierced by the rivers Wey and Mole, tributaries of the Thames, which formed the northern border of the county before modern redrawing of county boundaries, which has left part of its north bank within the county. To the north of the Downs the land is flat, forming part of the basin of the Thames; the geology of this area is dominated by London Clay in the east, Bagshot Sands in the west and alluvial deposits along the rivers. To the south of the Downs in the western part of the county are the sandstone Surrey Hills, while further east is the plain of the Low Weald, rising in the extreme southeast to the edge of the hills of the High Weald; the Downs and the area to the south form part of a concentric pattern of geological deposits which extends across southern Kent and most of Sussex, predominantly composed of Wealden Clay, Lower Greensand and the chalk of the Downs.
Much of Surrey is in the Metropolitan Green Belt. It contains valued reserves of mature woodland. Among its many notable beauty spots are Box Hill, Leith Hill, Frensham Ponds, Newlands Corner and Puttenham & Crooksbury Commons. Surrey is the most wooded county in England, with 22.4% coverage compared to a national average of 11.8% and as such is one of the few counties not to recommend new woodlands in the subordinate planning authorities' plans. Box Hill has the oldest untouched area of natural woodland in one of the oldest in Europe. Surrey contains England's principal concentration of lowland heath, on sandy soils in the west of the county. Agriculture not being intensive, there are many commons and access lands, together with an extensive network of footpaths and bridleways including the North Downs Way, a scenic long-distance path. Accordingly, Surrey provides many rural and semi-rural leisure activities, with a large horse population in modern terms; the highest elevation in Surrey is Leith Hill near Dorking.
It is 294 m above sea level and is the second highest point in southeastern England after Walbury Hill in West Berkshire, 297 m. Surrey has a population of 1.1 million people. Its largest town is Guildford, with a population of 77,057, they are followed by Ewell with 39,994 people and Camberley with 30,155. Towns of between 25,000 and 30,000 inhabitants are Ashford, Farnham and Redhill. Guildford is the historic county town, although the county administration was moved to Newington in 1791 and to Kingston upon Thames in 1893; the county counc
Sitges Film Festival
The Sitges Film Festival is a Spanish film festival and one of the world's foremost international festivals specializing in fantasy and horror films. Established in 1968, the festival takes place every year in early October in the coastal resort of Sitges, 34 kilometers West-South-West of the city of Barcelona, Catalonia; the main venue of the Sitges Film Festival is the Auditori. The festival takes place in El Prado, El Retiro and Sala Tramuntana; the Auditori is located inside the Melia Hotel in the Port d'Aiguadolç area. The director of the festival is Àngel Sala. Since 1971 the festival has given awards to the best films and filmmakers; the Maria Award winners are the main awards of the festival, are chosen by an international jury. They are: Best Motion Picture Best Director Best Actor Best Actress Best Screenplay Best Cinematography Best Original Score Best Short Film Best Makeup Effects Best Production DesignThe festival presents: The Infinia Award for Best Special Effects The Noves Visions Award The Carnet Jove Jury Award The José Luis Guarner Critics’ Award An Award for the Best New Director The Gertie Awards for Best Animated Short and Feature Film The Grand Audience Award, awarded according to the votes of the festival's spectators.
The Midnight X-Treme Award, given to the best motion picture from the special screenings European Fantastic Film Festivals Federation Fantasporto Fantasia International Film Festival Fantastic Fest Screamfest Horror Film Festival Brussels International Festival of Fantasy Film Puchon International Fantastic Film Festival Dead by Dawn Fantafestival International Horror and Sci-Fi Film Festival New York City Horror Film Festival Toronto After Dark Film Festival TromaDance Lusca Fantastic Film Fest Official website Sitges Film Festival on IMDb
Pamela Helen Stephenson, Lady Connolly, is a New Zealand-born Australian psychologist and performer, now a resident in both the United Kingdom and the United States. She is best known for her work as an comedian during the 1980s, she has written several books, which include a biography of her husband Sir Billy Connolly, presented a psychology-based interview show called Shrink Rap on British and Australian television. Born in North Shore, High School Takapuna Grammar School. Stephenson had begun acting on television by 1972, she starred during 1973–74 as Julie King in the Australian TV series Ryan. After numerous television and film appearances, including as Josephine in the 1977 ABC production of Malcolm Williamson's opera The Violins of Saint-Jacques, Wendy in the 1977 New Avengers episode The angels of death, she had another recurring role as Iris Reade in the UK series Funny Man. She made a TV comedy sketch show pilot, "Stephenson's Rocket", not taken up. Among her first appearances in the UK, she joined the live on-stage team at The Comic Strip led by Rik Mayall, Peter Richardson and Alexei Sayle at the Raymond Revuebar in Soho.
This was not a happy experience, according to an interview she gave in 2014:'Doing stand-up was like a war with everyone playing this game of "I can be funnier than you". You had to try to scare the pants off people. I remember envying Rik and the other boys for being guys, because The Comic Strip was hard: I was one of the few women doing it and the audience sounded like they were out for blood, so the boys would take their trousers down on stage and other stuff that I couldn’t do.'Probably her most recognized television role was in the classic 1980s UK comedy television sketch show Not The Nine O'Clock News, alongside Rowan Atkinson, Mel Smith and Griff Rhys Jones. Her parodies included Kate Bush in a song called "Oh England, My Leotard", Olivia Newton-John in a song called "Typical bloody typical", she had a small part in three episodes of the British TV police drama series The Professionals. Her personal contribution as a comedian added to the success of Not the Nine O'Clock News, led to a collaboration with comedy and satire writers Mike Lepine and Mark Leigh.
This spawned a book, How To Be A Complete Bitch, a board game. In 1982–83, she starred in the West End production of Joseph Papp's version of The Pirates of Penzance, she featured in the American comedy sketch show Saturday Night Live making her the first female SNL cast member born outside North America. Her characters on the show included Angela Bradleigh and celebrity impersonations of Madonna, Billy Idol, Debby Douillard, Peggy Ashcroft, Joan Collins and Cyndi Lauper. Stephenson acted in a number of films, including Private Collection, Stand Up, Virgin Soldiers, The Comeback, Mel Brooks's History of the World, Part 1, Superman III, Bloodbath at the House of Death, Finders Keepers, Ghosts Can Do It, Les Patterson Saves the World. In 1993, Stephenson hosted the Australian lifestyle programme Sex. In December 2010, Stephenson competed in the eighth series of the BBC1 television show Strictly Come Dancing winning praise, she received on 4 December a perfect score of 10 from each of the four judges for her Viennese Waltz, becoming only the eighth celebrity to do so.
She reached the final along with Matt Baker and Kara Tointon. On 18 December, with dancing partner James Jordan, she came third in the competition. In December 2010, Stephenson was the guest on BBC Radio 3's Private Passions, with a choice of music including Bellini and Debussy. In 2012, Stephenson travelled as a backpacker to Papua New Guinea in the Television New Zealand travel show Intrepid Journeys. Connolly is a US-licensed psychologist. In her private practice in Beverly Hills, she provided mental health care to adult individuals and couples for a range of psychological complaints. Connolly's professional specialties include human sexuality, she was founder and president of the Los Angeles Sexuality Center, an online sexual research engine which operated for five years until she moved to New York. Connolly is a past Secretary of the American Association of Sex Educators and Therapists. In 2002 and 2003, she served as conference program co-chair of the annual AASECT Conference. Connolly is a member of the Society for the Scientific Study of Sexuality, the Harry Benjamin International Gender Dysphoria Association and the International Society for the Study of Women's Sexual Health.
Connolly was an adjunct professor at the California Graduate Institute for six years. She taught Human Sexuality and Sex Therapy, Advanced Human Sexuality and Sex Therapy, Clinical Practicum in Sex Therapy, she taught clinical hypnosis at CGI. She received her PhD in 1996, in 2009 received an Honorary Doctorate in Science from the Robert Gordon University for her contributions to the field of human sexuality. Connolly has completed research projects and other field studies on the gender-liminal people of Samoa and India, she has presented the TV show Shrink Rap, in which she conducted psychologically-based interviews with well-known people, including Salman Rushdie, Carrie Fisher and Robin Williams. The programme premièred on More4 on 2 April 2007 and was aired in Australia on ABC2 in 2008. From the 1980s, Stephenson campaigned to raise awareness of food addi
A slasher film is a film in the subgenre of horror films involving a violent psychopath stalking and murdering a group of people by use of bladed tools. Although the term "slasher" is used informally as a generic term for any horror film involving murder, film analysts cite an established set of characteristics which set these films apart from other subgenres, such as splatter films and psychological horror films. Critics cite the Italian giallo films and psychological horror films such as Peeping Tom and Psycho as early influences; the genre hit its peak between 1978–1984 in an era referred to as the "Golden Age" of slasher films. Notable slasher films include The Texas Chain Saw Massacre, Friday the 13th, A Nightmare on Elm Street, Child's Play, Scream and I Know What You Did Last Summer. Many slasher films released. Slasher films adhere to a specific formula: a past wrongful action causes severe trauma, reinforced by a commemoration or anniversary that reactivates or re-inspires the killer.
Built around stalk-and-murder sequences, the films drawn upon the audience's feelings of catharsis and displacement, as related to sexual pleasure. The final girl trope is discussed in film studies as being a young woman left alone to face the killer's advances in the movie's end. Laurie Strode, the heroine in Halloween, is an example of a typical final girl. Final girls are like Laurie Strode, virgins among sexually active teens. Several slasher film villains grew to take on anti-heroic characteristics, with the franchises following the continued efforts of a villain, rather than the killer's victims; the Scream film series is a rarity that follows its heroine Sidney Prescott rather than masked killer Ghostface, whose identity changes from film-to-film and is only revealed in each entry's finale. The appeal of watching people inflict violence upon each other dates back thousands of years to Ancient Rome, though fictionalized accounts became marketable with late 19th century horror plays produced at the Grand Guignol.
Maurice Tourneur's The Lunatics used visceral violence to attract the Guignol's audience. The Hays Code is one of the entertainment industry's earliest set of guidelines restricting sexuality and violence deemed unacceptable. Crime writer Mary Roberts Rinehart influenced horror literature with her novel The Circular Staircase, adapted into the silent film The Bat, about guests in a remote mansion menaced by a killer in a grotesque mask, its success led to a series of "old dark house" films including The Cat and the Canary, based on John Willard's 1922 stage play, Universal Pictures' The Old Dark House, based on the novel by J. B. Priestley. In both films town dwellers are pitted against strange country folk, a recurring theme in horror films. Along with the "madman on the loose" plotline, these films employed several influences upon the slasher genre, such as lengthy point of view shots and a "sins of the father" catalyst to propel the plot's mayhem. George Archainbaud's Thirteen Women tells the story of a sorority whose former members are set against one another by a vengeful peer who crosses out their yearbook photos, a device used in subsequent films Prom Night and Graduation Day.
Early examples include a maniac seeking revenge in The Terror, based on the play by Edgar Wallace. B-movie mogul Val Lewton produced The Leopard Man, about a murderer framing his crimes against women on an escaped show leopard. Basil Rathbone's The Scarlet Claw sees Sherlock Holmes investigate murders committed with a five-pronged garden weeder that the killer would raise in the air and bring down on the victim an editing technique that became familiar in the genre. Robert Siodmak's The Spiral Staircase, based on Ethel White's novel Some Must Watch, stars Ethel Barrymore as a sympathetic woman trying to survive black-gloved killers; the Spiral Staircase features an early use of jump scares. British writer Agatha Christie's influential 1939 novel Ten Little Indians, centers on a group of people with secret pasts who are killed one-by-one on an isolated island; each of the murders mirrors a verse from a nursery rhyme, merging the themes of childhood innocence and vengeful murder. House of Wax, The Bad Seed, Screaming Mimi, Jack the Ripper, Cover Girl Killer all incorporated Christie's literary themes.
Alfred Hitchcock's Psycho used visuals, deemed unacceptable by movie studios, including scenes of violence and the shot of a toilet flushing. That same year Michael Powell released Peeping Tom, showing the killer's perspective as he murders women to photograph their dying expressions. Psycho was nominated for four Academy Awards, including Best Supporting Actress for Janet Leigh and Anthony Perkins garnering universal acclaim for his role as Norman Bates; this notice drew bankable movie stars to horror films. Joan Crawford starred in William Castle's Strait-Jacket and in Jim O'Connolly's Berserk!, while Albert Finney starred in MGM's Night Must Fall and Peter Cushing starred in Corruption. Hammer Studios, a London-based company, followed Psycho's success with Taste of Fear, Paranoiac, Fanatic, The Nanny and Crescendo (1
The Barbican Centre is a performing arts centre in the Barbican Estate of the City of London and the largest of its kind in Europe. The Centre hosts classical and contemporary music concerts, theatre performances, film screenings and art exhibitions, it houses a library, three restaurants, a conservatory. The Barbican Centre is member of the Global Cultural Districts Network; the London Symphony Orchestra and the BBC Symphony Orchestra are based in the Centre's Concert Hall. In 2013, it once again became the London-based venue of the Royal Shakespeare Company following the company's departure in 2001; the Barbican Centre is owned and managed by the City of London Corporation, the third-largest arts funder in the United Kingdom. It was built as The City's gift to the nation at a cost of £161 million and was opened to the public by Queen Elizabeth II on 3 March 1982; the Barbican Centre is known for its brutalist architecture. Barbican Hall: capacity 1,943. Barbican Theatre: capacity 1,156, it is one of the largest public libraries in London and has a separate arts library, a large music library and a children's library which conducts free events.
The Barbican Library houses the'London Collection' of historical books and resources, some of which date back 300 years, all being available on loan. The library has an art exhibition space for hire; the music library has two free practice pianos for public use. The Barbican Centre had a long development period, only opening long after the surrounding Barbican Estate housing complex had been built, it is situated in an area, badly bombed during World War II. The Barbican Centre, designed by Peter Chamberlin, Geoffry Powell and Christoph Bon of Chamberlin and Bon in the Brutalist style, has a complex multi-level layout with numerous entrances. Lines painted on the ground help would-be audience members avoid getting lost on the walkways of the Barbican Housing Estate on the way to the centre; the Barbican Centre's design – a concrete ziggurat – has always been controversial and divides opinion. It was voted "London's ugliest building" in a Grey London poll in September 2003. In September 2001, arts minister Tessa Blackstone announced that the Barbican Centre complex was to be a Grade II listed building.
It has been designated a site of special architectural interest for its scale, its cohesion and the ambition of the project. The same architectural practice designed the Barbican Housing Estate and the nearby Golden Lane Estate. Project architect John Honer worked on the British Library at St Pancras – a red brick ziggurat. In the mid-1990s, a cosmetic improvement scheme by Theo Crosby, of the Pentagram design studio, added statues and decorative features reminiscent of the Arts and Crafts movement. In 2005–2006, the centre underwent a more significant refurbishment, designed by architects Allford Hall Monaghan Morris and Roger Westman, which improved circulation and introduced bold signage in a style in keeping with the centre's original 1970s Brutalist architecture; that improvement scheme added an internal bridge linking the Silk Street foyer area with the lakeside foyer area. The centre's Silk Street entrance dominated by an access for vehicles, was modified to give better pedestrian access.
The scheme included removing most of the mid-1990s embellishments. Outside, the main focal point of the centre is its neighbouring terrace; the theatre's fly tower has been made into a high-level conservatory. The Barbican Hall's acoustic has been controversial: some praised it as attractively warm, but others found it too dry for large-scale orchestral performance. In 1994, Chicago acoustician Larry Kirkegaard oversaw a £500,000 acoustic re-engineering of the hall "producing a perceptible improvement in echo control and sound absorption", music critic Norman Lebrecht wrote in October 2000 – and returned in 2001 to rip out the stage canopy and drop adjustable acoustic reflectors, designed by Caruso St John, from the ceiling, as part of a £7.5 mn refurbishment of the hall. Art music magazine Gramophone still complained about "the relative dryness of the Barbican acoustic" in August 2007; the theatre was built as the London home of the Royal Shakespeare Company, involved in the design, but decided not to renew its contract in 2002 after claiming a lack of performing space, plus the artistic director, Adrian Noble, wanting to develop the company's touring performances.
The theatre's response was to extend its existing six-month season of international productions, "Barbican International Theatre Event", to the whole year. On 23 January 2013 Greg Doran, RSC artistic director, announced the Company's return to the Barbican Centre in a three-year season of Shakespeare's history plays; the Guildhall School of Music and Drama, where the Barbican Centre theatrical performances are staged, the City of London's Barbican Library, neither part of the centre, are on the site. The Museum of London is nearby at Aldersgate, is within the Barbican Estate; the Barbican Centre features in Michael Paraskos's novel In Search of Sixpence as the home of the lead character, a bar call
Bill Owen (actor)
William John Owen Rowbotham, known professionally as Bill Owen, was an English actor and songwriter. He was the father of actor Tom Owen, he is best known for portraying Compo Simmonite in the Yorkshire-based BBC comedy series Last of the Summer Wine for 27 years. He died in July 1999, his last appearance on-screen being shown in April 2000. Born in London, Owen made his first film appearance in 1945, but did not achieve lasting fame until 1973, when he took the starring role of William "Compo" Simmonite in the long-running British sitcom Last of the Summer Wine. Compo is a scruffy working-class pensioner exploited by the bossy characters played by Michael Bates, Brian Wilde, Michael Aldridge and Frank Thornton for dirty jobs and escapades, while their indomitably docile friend Norman Clegg, played by Peter Sallis and watches with a smirk, he spent much of his time lusting after dowdy housewife Nora Batty. The series, starting in 1973 and finishing in 2010, is today the world's longest-running comedy series.
Owen became an icon, a darling of its audience and central to its success and episodes for 26 years, right until his death. The threesome of Compo and Foggy remains the most popular group of three the show produced. Owen served in the Royal Army Ordnance Corps during World War II, where he was injured in an explosion during a battle training course. During the 1960s, Owen had a successful second career as a songwriter, with compositions including the hit "Marianne", recorded by Cliff Richard. At this time he collaborated with songwriter Tony Russell on the musical The Matchgirls about the London matchgirls strike of 1888, he co-starred as Spike Milligan's straight man in the West End hit Son of Oblomov in 1964. Owen recorded a novelty song with Kathy Staff in 1983 called "Nora Batty's Stockings". Owen was a regular in the early Carry On films, he had a cameo appearance in Brideshead Revisited as Lunt, Charles Ryder's scout during his days at the University of Oxford. He featured in several Lindsay Anderson films including O Lucky Man! and In Celebration.
Owen was an active supporter of the Labour Party. Owen was a founding member of the Keep Sunday Special campaign group, he was awarded the MBE in 1977. Owen was the subject of This Is Your Life in 1980 when he was surprised by Eamonn Andrews in Trafalgar Square. While filming the Last Of The Summer Wine French special for the millennium of 2000, Owen fell ill but insisted on continuing despite being in pain, he continued working right up to his death from pancreatic cancer in Westminster, London, on 12 July 1999, the birthday of co-star Kathy Staff, who played his love interest Nora Batty on Last of the Summer Wine. Owen is buried in the churchyard of St John's Parish Church, near his beloved town of Holmfirth in Yorkshire, the home of Last of the Summer Wine, his co-star Peter Sallis was buried next to him after his death aged 96 in June 2017. Bill Owen on IMDb Bill Owen's appearance on This Is Your Life