Book of Saint Albans
The Book of Saint Albans is the common title of a book printed in 1486, a compilation of matters relating to the interests of the time of a gentleman. It was the last of eight books printed by the St Albans Press in England, it is known by titles that are more accurate, such as "The Book of Hawking and Blasing of Arms". The printer is sometimes called the Schoolmaster Printer; this edition credits the book, or at least the part on hunting, to Juliana Berners as there is an attribution at the end of the 1486 edition reading: "Explicit Dam Julyans Barnes in her boke of huntyng." It contains three essays, on hawking and heraldry. It became popular, went through many editions acquiring an additional essay on angling; the section on heraldry contains many coats-of-arms printed in six colours, the first colour printing in England. During the 16th century the work was popular, was many times reprinted, it was edited by Gervase Markham in 1595 as The Gentleman's Academic. Scholarship on the sources of the Book indicates.
It is expressly stated at the end of the Blasynge of Armys that the section was "translatyd and compylyt," and it is that the other treatises are translations from the French. An older form of the treatise on fishing was edited in 1883 by Mr T. Satchell from a manuscript in possession of Alfred Denison; this treatise dates from about 1450, formed the foundation of that section in the book of 1496. Only three perfect copies of the first edition are known to exist. A facsimile, entitled The Boke of St Albans, with an introduction by William Blades, appeared in 1881. Juliana Berners is mentioned in the 1486 edition, she is said to have been the Benedictine prioress of the Priory of St. Mary of Sopwell, near St Albans in Hertfordshire, she was born into the nobility, which would explain her level of education and her love of field sports. It is not clear how much of The Book of Saint Albans was written by Juliana Berners, but she is most associated with the treatise on hunting, her name was changed by Wynkyn de Worde to "Dame Julyans Bernes" in his edition.
There is no such person to be found in the pedigree of the Berners family, but there is a gap in the records of the priory of Sopwell between 1430 and 1480. De Worde's edition without a title-page, begins: "This present boke shewyth the manere of hawkynge and huntynge: and of diuysynge of Cote armours, it shewyth a good matere belongynge to horses: wyth other comendable treatyses. And ferdermore of the blasynge of armys: as hereafter it maye appere." This edition was adorned by three woodcuts, included a Treatyse of fysshynge wyth an Angle, not contained in the St Albans edition. Joseph Haslewood, who published a facsimile of Wynkyn de Worde's edition with a biographical and bibliographical notice, examined with the greatest care Berner's claims to authorship, he assigned to her little else in the Boke except part of the treatise on hawking and the section on hunting. The hawking treatise is considered to be adapted from the Booke of Hawkyng after Prince Edwarde Kyng of Englande, a manuscript of the reign of Edward IV of England.
The work is not intended as a full practical treatise, but to introduce the technical language, to describe feeding and illnesses, for an owner who needs to take an interest. The work provides this hierarchy of raptors and the social ranks for which each bird was appropriate; the essay on hunting, in particular, is attributed to Dame Juliana Berners, believed to have been the prioress of Sopwell Priory near St Albans. It is in fact a metrical form of much older matter, going back to the reign of Edward II of England, written in French: the Le Art de Venerie of the huntsman Guillaume Twici; the book contains, appended, a large list of special collective nouns for animals, "Company terms", such as "gaggle of geese" and the like, as in the article List of collective nouns. Amongst these are numerous humorous collective nouns for different professions, such as a "diligence of messengers", a "melody of harpers", a "blast of hunters", "a subtlety of sergeants", "a gaggle of women", a "superfluity of nuns".
The tradition of a large number of such collective nouns which has survived into modern Standard English goes back to this book, via the popular 1595 edition by Gervase Markham in his The Gentleman's Academic. A work added to the 1496 edition of the Book, was the Treatyse of Fysshynge with an Angle, on angling, it is an earlier collection of practical advice for fishing. Among recognised sources for Walton's Compleat Angler are works of William Gryndall and Leonard Mascall, both of which are close derivatives of the Treatyse; the virtues of the gentleman, according to the Book, were skewed towards those useful in military terms. It contained a section on the law of heraldic arms, the Liber Armorum, reporting on the contemporary discussion on the relationship between gentility, the heraldic practice of "gate-keeping" the grant of coats of arms; the Book took the line. James Dallaway reprinted this Book of Arms in his 1793 Inquiries into the Origin and Progress of Heraldry in England; the Book proposed that there could be several kinds of gentlemen: those "of blood" differed from those granted coat armour.
J. P. Cooper wrote: The Boke's classification of gentry was to be repeated by heraldic writers for two centuries and was systematised by Ferne and Legh under Elizabeth, he takes as sources for the assertions i
Hertfordshire is one of the home counties in the south east of England. It is bordered by Bedfordshire and Cambridgeshire to the north, Essex to the east, Greater London to the south, Buckinghamshire to the west. For government statistical purposes, it is placed in the East of England region. In 2013, the county had a population of 1,140,700 in an area of 634 square miles; the four towns that have between 50,000 and 100,000 residents are Hemel Hempstead, Watford and St Albans. Hertford, once the main market town for the medieval agricultural county, derives its name from a hart and a ford, used as the components of the county's coat of arms and flag. Elevations are high for the region in the west; these reach over 800 feet in the western projection around Tring, in the Chilterns. The county's borders are the watersheds of the Colne and Lea. Hertfordshire's undeveloped land is agricultural and much is protected by green belt; the county's landmarks span many centuries, ranging from the Six Hills in the new town of Stevenage built by local inhabitants during the Roman period, to Leavesden Film Studios.
The volume of intact medieval and Tudor buildings surpasses London, in places in well-preserved conservation areas in St Albans which includes some remains of Verulamium, the town where in the 3rd century an early recorded British martyrdom took place. Saint Alban, a Romano-British soldier, took the place of a Christian priest and was beheaded on Holywell Hill, his martyr's cross of a yellow saltire on a blue field is reflected in the flag and coat of arms of Hertfordshire. Hertfordshire is well-served with railways, providing good access to London; the largest sector of the economy of the county is in services. Hertfordshire was the area assigned to a fortress constructed at Hertford under the rule of Edward the Elder in 913. Hertford is derived from meaning deer crossing; the name Hertfordshire is first recorded in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle in 1011. Deer feature in many county emblems. There is evidence of humans living in Hertfordshire from the Mesolithic period, it was first farmed during the Neolithic period and permanent habitation appeared at the beginning of the Bronze Age.
This was followed by tribes settling in the area during the Iron Age. Following the Roman conquest of Britain in AD 43, the aboriginal Catuvellauni submitted and adapted to the Roman life. Saint Alban, a Romano-British soldier, took the place of a Christian priest and was beheaded on Holywell Hill, his martyr's cross of a yellow saltire on a blue field is reflected in the flag and coat of arms of Hertfordshire as the yellow field to the stag or Hart representing the county. He is the Patron Saint of Hertfordshire. With the departure of the Roman Legions in the early 5th century, the now unprotected territory was invaded and colonised by the Anglo-Saxons. By the 6th century the majority of the modern county was part of the East Saxon kingdom; this short lived kingdom collapsed in the 9th century, ceding the territory of Hertfordshire to the control of the West Anglians of Mercia. The region became an English shire in the 10th century, on the merger of the West Saxon and Mercian kingdoms. A century William of Normandy received the surrender of the surviving senior English Lords and Clergy at Berkhamsted, resulting in a new Anglicised title of William the Conqueror before embarking on an uncontested entry into London and his coronation at Westminster.
Hertfordshire was used for some of the new Norman castles at Bishop's Stortford, at King's Langley, a staging post between London and the royal residence of Berkhamsted. The Domesday Book recorded the county as having nine hundreds. Tring and Danais became one—Dacorum—from Danis Corum or Danish rule harking back to a Viking not Saxon past; the other seven were Braughing, Cashio, Hertford and Odsey. The first shooting-down of a zeppelin over Great Britain during WW1 happened in Cuffley; as London grew, Hertfordshire became conveniently close to the English capital. However, the greatest boost to Hertfordshire came during the Industrial Revolution, after which the population rose dramatically. In 1903, Letchworth became the world's first garden city and Stevenage became the first town to redevelop under the New Towns Act 1946. From the 1920s until the late 1980s, the town of Borehamwood was home to one of the major British film studio complexes, including the MGM-British Studios. Many well-known films were made here including the first three Star Wars movies.
The studios used the name of Elstree. American director Stanley Kubrick not only used to shoot in those studios but lived in the area until his death. Big Brother UK and Who Wants To Be A Millionaire? have been filmed there. EastEnders is filmed at Elstree. Hertfordshire has seen development at Warner Bros. Studios, Leavesden. On 17 October 2000, the Hatfield rail crash killed four people with over 70 injured; the crash exposed the shortcomings of Railtrack, which saw speed restrictions and major track replacement. On 10 May 2002, the second of the Potters Bar rail accidents occurred killing seven people.
The River Lea originates in the Chiltern Hills and flows southeast through east London where it meets the River Thames, the last looping section being known as Bow Creek. It is one of the easternmost major tributary of the Thames, its valley creates a long chain of marshy ground along its lower length, much of, used for gravel and mineral extraction and industry. Much of the river has been canalised to provide a navigable route for boats into eastern Hertfordshire, known as the Lee Navigation. While the lower Lea remains somewhat polluted, its upper stretch and tributaries, classified as chalk streams, are a major source of drinking water for London. A diversion known as the New River, opened in 1613, abstracts clean water away from the lower stretch of the river for drinking, its origins in the Chilterns contribute to the extreme hardness of London tap water. The name of the River Lea was first recorded in the 9th century, although is believed to be much older. Spellings from the Anglo-Saxon period include Ligan in 880 and Lygan in 895, in the early medieval period it is Luye or Leye.
It seems to be derived from a Celtic root lug-meaning'bright or light', the derivation of a name for a deity, so the meaning may be'bright river' or'river dedicated to the god Lugus'. A simpler derivation may well be the Brythonic word cognate with the modern Welsh "Li" pronounced "Lea" which means a flow or a current; the spelling Lea predominates west of Hertford, but both spellings are used from Hertford to the River Thames. The Lee Navigation was established by Acts of Parliament and only that spelling is used in this context; the Lee Valley Regional Park Authority uses this spelling for leisure facilities. However, the spelling Lea is used for road names and other infrastructure in the capital, such as Leamouth, Lea Bridge, the Lea Valley Walk and the Lea Valley Railway Lines; this spelling is used in geology, etc. to refer to the Lea Valley. The divergent spellings of the river are reflected in place-names, including Leagrave, the suburb of Luton where the source of the river is located, of Luton and Leyton: both mean "farmstead on the River Lea".
The source is said to be at Well Head inside Waulud's Bank at Leagrave, but there the River Lea is fed by Houghton Brook, a stream that starts 2 miles further west in Houghton Regis. The river flows through Luton, Welwyn Garden City, to Hertford where it changes from a small shallow river to a deep canal at Hertford Castle Weir, which flows on to Ware, Stanstead Abbotts, Broxbourne, Waltham Abbey, Enfield Lock, Ponders End, Chingford, Walthamstow, Upper Clapton, Hackney Wick, Bromley-by-Bow, Canning Town and Leamouth where it meets the River Thames, it forms the traditional boundary between the counties of Middlesex and Essex, was used for part of the Danelaw boundary. It forms part of the boundary between Essex and Hertfordshire. For much of its distance the river runs as a boundary to the Lee Valley Park. Between Tottenham and Hackney the Lea feeds Tottenham Marshes, Walthamstow Marshes and Hackney Marshes. In their early days, Tottenham Hotspur and Leyton Orient played their matches as football amateurs on the Marshes.
South of Hackney Wick the river's course is split, running completely in man made channels flowing through an area, once a thriving industrial zone. Inside Greater London below Enfield Lock the river forms the boundary with the former Royal Small Arms Factory, now known as Enfield Island Village, a housing development. Just downstream the river is joined by the River Lee Flood Relief Channel; the man-made, concrete-banked watercourse is known as the River Lee Diversion at this point as it passes to the east of a pair of reservoirs: the King George V Reservoir at Ponders End/Chingford and William Girling Reservoir at Edmonton known collectively as the Chingford Reservoirs. At Tottenham Hale there is a connected set of reservoirs, it passes the Three Mills, a restored tidal mill near Bow. In the Roman era, Old Ford, as the name suggests, was the ancient, most downstream, crossing point of the River Lea; this was part of a pre-Roman route that followed the modern Oxford Street, Old Street, through Bethnal Green to Old Ford and thence across a causeway through the marshes, known as Wanstead Slip.
The route continued through Essex to Colchester. At this time, the Lea was a wide, fast flowing river, the tidal estuary stretched as far as Hackney Wick. Evidence of a late Roman settlement at Old Ford, dating from the 4th and 5th centuries, has been found. Somewhere between 878 and 890 the Treaty of Alfred and Guthrum was drawn up that amongst other things used the course of the Lea to define the border between the Danes and the English. In 894, a force of Danes sailed up the river to Hertford, in about 895 they built a fortified camp, in the higher reaches of the Lea, about 20 miles north of London. Alfred the Great saw an opportunity to defeat the Danes and ordered the lower reaches of the Lea drained, at Leamouth; this left the Danes' boats stranded, but increased the flow of the river and caused the tidal head to move downriver to Old Ford. In 1110, wife of Henry I, reputedly took a tumble at the ford, on her way to B
Arthur Rackham was an English book illustrator. He is recognized as one of the leading literary figures during the Golden Age of British book illustration, his work is noted for its robust pen and ink drawings, which were combined with the use of watercolour. Rackham's 51 color pieces for the Early American tale became a turning point in the production of books since - through color-separated printing - it featured the accurate reproduction of color artwork; some of his best-known works include the illustrations for Rip Van Winkle, Peter Pan in Kensington Gardens, Fairy Tales of the Brothers Grimm. Rackham was born in Lewisham still part of Kent, as one of 12 children. In 1884, at the age of 17, he was sent on an ocean voyage to Australia to improve his fragile health, accompanied by two aunts. At the age of 18, he worked as a clerk at the Westminster Fire Office and began studying part-time at the Lambeth School of Art. In 1892, he left his job and started working for the Westminster Budget as a reporter and illustrator.
His first book illustrations were published in 1893 in To the Other Side by Thomas Rhodes, but his first serious commission was in 1894 for The Dolly Dialogues, the collected sketches of Anthony Hope, who went on to write The Prisoner of Zenda. Book illustrating became Rackham's career for the rest of his life. By the turn of the century, Rackham had developed a reputation for pen and ink fantasy illustration with richly illustrated gift books such as The Ingoldsby Legends, Gulliver's Travels and Fairy Tales of the Brothers Grimm; this was developed further through the austere years of the Boer War with regular contributions to children's periodicals such as Little Folks and Cassell's Magazine. In 1901 he moved to Wychcombe Studios near Haverstock Hill, in 1903 married his neighbour Edyth Starkie. Edith suffered a miscarriage in 1904, but the couple had one daughter, Barbara, in 1908. Although acknowledged as an accomplished black-and-white book illustrator for some years, it was the publication of his full colour plates to Washington Irving's Rip Van Winkle by Heinemann in 1905 that brought him into public attention, his reputation being confirmed the following year with J.
M. Barrie's Peter Pan in Kensington Gardens, published by Stoughton. Income from the books was augmented by annual exhibitions of the artwork at the Leicester Galleries. Rackham won a gold medal at the Milan International Exhibition in 1906 and another one at the Barcelona International Exposition in 1912, his works were included in numerous exhibitions, including one at the Louvre in Paris in 1914. From 1906 the family lived in Chalcot Gardens, near Haverstock Hill, until moving from London to Houghton, West Sussex in 1920. In 1929 the family settled into a newly built property in Surrey. Arthur Rackham died in 1939 of cancer at his home. Arthur Rackham is regarded as one of the leading illustrators from the'Golden Age' of British book illustration which encompassed the years from 1890 until the end of the First World War. During that period, there was a strong market for high quality illustrated books which were given as Christmas gifts. Many of Rackham's books were produced in a de luxe limited edition vellum bound and signed, as well as a smaller, less ornately bound quarto'trade' edition.
This was sometimes followed by a more modestly presented octavo edition in subsequent years for popular books. The onset of the war in 1914 curtailed the market for such quality books, the public's taste for fantasy and fairies declined in the 1920s. Arthur Rackham's works have become popular since his death, both in North America and Britain, his images have been used by the greeting card industry and many of his books are still in print or have been available in both paperback and hardback editions. His original drawings and paintings are keenly sought at the major international art auction houses. Rackham's illustrations were chiefly based on robust pen and India ink drawings. Rackham perfected his own uniquely expressive line from his background in journalistic illustration, paired with subtle use of watercolour, a technique which he was able to exploit due to technological developments in photographic reproduction. With this development, Rackham's illustrations no longer needed an engraver to cut clean lines on a wood or petal plate for printing because the artist had his works photographed and mechanically reproduced.
Rackham would first block in shapes and details of the drawing with a soft pencil, for the more elaborate colour plates utilising one of a small selection of compositional devices. Over this, he would carefully work in lines of pen and India ink, removing the pencil traces after the drawing had begun to take form. For colour pictures, Rackham preferred the 3-colour process or trichromatic printing, which reproduced the delicate half-tones of photography through letterpress printing, he would begin painting by building up multiple thin washes of watercolour creating translucent tints. One of the disadvantages of the 3-colour printing process in the early years was that definition could be lost in the final print. Rackham would sometimes compensate for this by over-inking his drawings once more after painting, he would go on to expand the use of silhouette cuts in illustration work in the period after the First World War, as exemplified by his Sleeping Beauty and Cinderella. Rackham contributed both colour and monotone illustrations towards the works incorporating his images – and in the case of Hawthorne's Wonder Book, he provided a number of part-coloured block images simil
Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition
The Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition is a 29-volume reference work, an edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. It was developed during the encyclopaedia's transition from a British to an American publication; some of its articles were written by the best-known scholars of the time. This edition of the encyclopedia, containing 40,000 entries, is now in the public domain, many of its articles have been used as a basis for articles in Wikipedia. However, the outdated nature of some of its content makes its use as a source for modern scholarship problematic; some articles have special value and interest to modern scholars as cultural artifacts of the 19th and early 20th centuries. The 1911 eleventh edition was assembled with the management of American publisher Horace Everett Hooper. Hugh Chisholm, who had edited the previous edition, was appointed editor in chief, with Walter Alison Phillips as his principal assistant editor. Hooper bought the rights to the 25-volume 9th edition and persuaded the British newspaper The Times to issue its reprint, with eleven additional volumes as the tenth edition, published in 1902.
Hooper's association with The Times ceased in 1909, he negotiated with the Cambridge University Press to publish the 29-volume eleventh edition. Though it is perceived as a quintessentially British work, the eleventh edition had substantial American influences, not only in the increased amount of American and Canadian content, but in the efforts made to make it more popular. American marketing methods assisted sales; some 14% of the contributors were from North America, a New York office was established to coordinate their work. The initials of the encyclopedia's contributors appear at the end of selected articles or at the end of a section in the case of longer articles, such as that on China, a key is given in each volume to these initials; some articles were written by the best-known scholars of the time, such as Edmund Gosse, J. B. Bury, Algernon Charles Swinburne, John Muir, Peter Kropotkin, T. H. Huxley, James Hopwood Jeans and William Michael Rossetti. Among the lesser-known contributors were some who would become distinguished, such as Ernest Rutherford and Bertrand Russell.
Many articles were carried over from some with minimal updating. Some of the book-length articles were divided into smaller parts for easier reference, yet others much abridged; the best-known authors contributed only a single article or part of an article. Most of the work was done by British Museum scholars and other scholars; the 1911 edition was the first edition of the encyclopædia to include more than just a handful of female contributors, with 34 women contributing articles to the edition. The eleventh edition introduced a number of changes of the format of the Britannica, it was the first to be published complete, instead of the previous method of volumes being released as they were ready. The print type was subject to continual updating until publication, it was the first edition of Britannica to be issued with a comprehensive index volume in, added a categorical index, where like topics were listed. It was the first not to include long treatise-length articles. Though the overall length of the work was about the same as that of its predecessor, the number of articles had increased from 17,000 to 40,000.
It was the first edition of Britannica to include biographies of living people. Sixteen maps of the famous 9th edition of Stielers Handatlas were translated to English, converted to Imperial units, printed in Gotha, Germany by Justus Perthes and became part this edition. Editions only included Perthes' great maps as low quality reproductions. According to Coleman and Simmons, the content of the encyclopedia was distributed as follows: Hooper sold the rights to Sears Roebuck of Chicago in 1920, completing the Britannica's transition to becoming a American publication. In 1922, an additional three volumes, were published, covering the events of the intervening years, including World War I. These, together with a reprint of the eleventh edition, formed the twelfth edition of the work. A similar thirteenth edition, consisting of three volumes plus a reprint of the twelfth edition, was published in 1926, so the twelfth and thirteenth editions were related to the eleventh edition and shared much of the same content.
However, it became apparent that a more thorough update of the work was required. The fourteenth edition, published in 1929, was revised, with much text eliminated or abridged to make room for new topics; the eleventh edition was the basis of every version of the Encyclopædia Britannica until the new fifteenth edition was published in 1974, using modern information presentation. The eleventh edition's articles are still of value and interest to modern readers and scholars as a cultural artifact: the British Empire was at its maximum, imperialism was unchallenged, much of the world was still ruled by monarchs, the tragedy of the modern world wars was still in the future, they are an invaluable resource for topics omitted from modern encyclopedias for biography and the history of science and technology. As a literary text, the encyclopedia has value as an example of early 20th-century prose. For example, it employs literary devices, such as pathetic fallacy, which are not as common in modern reference texts.
In 1917, using the pseudonym of S. S. Van Dine, the US art critic and author Willard Huntington Wright published Misinforming a Nation, a 200+
The Secrets of Angling
The Secrets of Angling was a book written by John Dennys. It was the earliest English poetical treatise on fishing, first published in 1613 in London. A didactic pastoral poem in 3 books, in the style of Virgil's Georgics, it was published in 4 editions until 1652, examples of which are amongst the rarest books in existence. Dennys's poem was published anonymously, 4 years posthumously, for 198 years the poem was misattributed, its authorship remaining a mystery until 1811. First published in 1613, Dennys's book was published after his death; the author was identified by the initials J. D. and had been attributed to up to 6 poets. In 1811 the authorship was determined from a "23mo Martii, 1612" entry in the Stationers' Registers, which showed that Dennys authored the book; the Secrets of Angling was published in 4 editions, the last in 1652, copies are amongst the rarest books in existence. The Secrets of Angling was the earliest English poetical treatise on fishing. Morgan George Watkins stated.
It is full of lofty sentiments and natural descriptions, a poetical atmosphere surrounding the commonest tools of the angler's craft." The first edition contained a dedication by "R. I." to John Harborne of Tackley, County of Oxford, whom he called "My much respected friend." A didactic pastoral poem in 3 books, totaling 151 verses each of 8 lines, in the style of Virgil's Georgics. The antiquity of Angling, with the art of Fishing and Fishing in general; the lawfulness and profit thereof & with all objections answered against it. To know the season & times to provide the tools & how to chuse the best & the maner how to make them fit to take each severall fish; the Angler's experience, how to use his baits to make profit by his game. What fish is not taken with the Angle & what is & what is best for health. In what waters & rivers to find each fish; the 12 virtues & qualities which ought to be in every angler. What weather, seasons & time of the yeare is best & worst & what houres of the day is best for sport.
To know each fishe's haunt and the times to take them. An obscure secret of an approved bait tending thereunto; the following is the first verse of Book 1: Of angling and the art thereof I sing What kind of tools it doth behove to have And with what pleasing bayt a man may bring The fish to bite within the watry wave. A work of thanks to such as in a thing Of harmless pleasure have regard to save Their dearest soules from sinne and may intend Of pretious time some part thereon to spend; the work contains what is thought to be the first printed description of a reel: Yet there remains of Fishing tooles to tell Some other sorts that you must have as well A little board the lightest you can find but not so thin that it will breake or bend Made smooth & plaine your lines thereon to winde With battlements at every other end Like to the bulwarke of some ancient towne As well-walled Sylchester now raz-ed down. The third verse of Book 1 refers to the rivers Boyd and Avon, the villages of Doynton and Wick: And thou sweet Boyd that with thy watry sway Dost wash the cliffes of Deington and of Weeke And through their Rockes with crooked winding way Thy mother Avon runnest soft to seeke In whose fayre streames the speckled Trout doth play The Roche the Dace the Gudgin and the Bleeke Teach me the skill with slender Line and Hooke To take each Fish of River Pond and Brooke.
The woodcut in the 1613 edition title represents an angler with a fish on his hook, the motto, "Well fayre the pleasure that brings such treasure," and a man treading on a serpent with a sphere at the end of his rod and line labelled, "Hold hooke and line all is mine." The second edition, conjectured to be about 1620, is "augmented with approved experiments" by Lauson, has the same woodcut on the title. The third edition, which may be 1630, was "printed at London for John", has a different woodcut, with a varied motto, "Well feare the Pleasure, That yeelds such Treasure." The woodcut in the 4th edition title of the other editions here figures as frontispiece, the angler being dressed in the costume of a period, the flowers, etc. A little modified. Bibliotheca Piscatoria recorded Thomas Westwood's description of Dennys, whom he found to be among the foremost writers and poets about angling. Osmuch Lambert offers praise: "Dennys was both poet and angler born. James Wilson said that his work "is remarkable for its beauty," part of, quoted by Walton.
Biographer Morgan George Watkins wrote that: "The author has chosen a measure at once sweet and full of power, its interlinked melodies lure the reader onwards with much the same kind of pleasure as the angler experiences, who follows the murmuring of a favourite trout stream."Marie Loretto Lilly stated in her book The Georgic that The Secrets of Angling "is not a great poem, but it should hold an honoured place for sweetness of verse, for its beauty of description and for the lessons that the poet so and teaches." Verses from the book have been quoted in other works, such as Izaak Walton in the first part of the first chapter of his 1653 edition of The Compleat Angler. Gervase Markham produced a prose version of The Secrets of Angling in 1614 in "The English Husbandman". First edition: I. D. Esquire.. The Secrets of Angling. London: Roger Jackson. 30 leaves. Second edition: I. D. Esquire; the Secrets of Angling. London: Roger Jackson. 35 leaves. It had annotations by William Lawson. Third edition: I.
D. Esquire; the Secrets of Angling. London: John Jackson. Fourth edition: J. D. Esquire; the Secrets of Angling. London: T. H. for Joh
Amwell is a village in the county of Hertfordshire, England. It is located 1 1⁄2 miles southeast of Ware and about 20 miles north of London. Great Amwell is the name of the civil parish within East Hertfordshire district; the Anglican church is dedicated to St John the Baptist. The East India College was founded here in 1806, for the education of young men intended for the civil service of the East India Company in India, it is now Haileybury College. The New River runs through the village. On a hill above the church is an ancient mound, the remains of a fortification. Great Amwell has been the residence of some celebrated literary characters, among whom are: Izaak Walton, the noted angler. John Scott of Amwell, author of several poems and tracts, who built a grotto containing several apartments, which still exists. John Hoole, the distinguished translator of Tasso, biographer of John Scott of Amwell. Rev Robert Scott Mylne FRSE FSSA FSA antiquarian, vicar of Amwell Others buried in Amwell include: William Warner, the poet and historian.
Richard Warren, a passenger on the Mayflower in 1620, who settled in Plymouth Colony and co-signed the Mayflower Compact, was married on 14 April 1610 at Great Amwell to Elizabeth Walker, daughter of Augustine Walker. Richard and Elizabeth are the ancestors of two U. S. Presidents, Ulysses S. Grant and Franklin Delano Roosevelt. A hamlet called Amwell exists a mile south west of Wheathampstead in Hertfordshire. In August 2016 Hertfordshire's newest visitor attraction opened in Great Amwell within the grounds of the Van Hage Leisure Garden centre. Ventura Wildlife’s Zoological Gardens is one of the UK’s newest and most interactive small zoos and is set within 2 acres of Hertfordshire countryside; this unique zoo offers visitors of all ages and abilities the chance to get up close to a variety of wild animals. The zoo is home to many animal species including. Highlight species housed within the collection include the only Cuban Hutia exhibited in a UK zoo and fossa, Madagascar's largest carnivore.
Ventura Wildlife's Zoological Gardens participates within the EEP for fossa as is involved in many other conservation initiatives both locally and internationally. As with all good zoos education plays a key role within this zoo and it is a proud institutional member of the International Zoo Educators Association; the zoo has completed its own education and conference centre known as the'Explorers Lodge' themed on the 1930-50's era of exploration and adventure. The zoo is open all year round and offers a range of daily keeper talks, animal feeds and interactive animal encounter shows. During the winter 2016–17 season the zoo will be opening Critter Cover and indoor area featuring 18 exhibits displaying exotic bugs and small mammals from around the World. Ventura Wildlife's Zoological Gardens is owned and operated by Ventura Wildlife an organisation based in Enfield dedicated to allowing people to discover nature; the village has no railway station, the nearest being Ware or St Margarets both of which are on the Hertford East branch line which passes through the parish.
There are a few bus routes, these are: Arriva Shires & Essex route 310 Hertford-Waltham Cross which operates every 30 minutes Monday to Friday daytime and, Arriva Shires & Essex route 311 Hertford-Waltham Cross which operates every 30 minutes Monday to Friday daytime and, Centrebus route 351 Hertford-Bishops Stortford which operates every two hours Monday to Saturday Daytime and hourly Monday to Friday peak hours, SM Coaches route 524 Harlow-Hertford which operates hourly Monday to Saturday daytime Arriva Shires & Essex Green Line route 724 Harlow-Heathrow Airport which operates hourly daily. The Hundred Parishes Heath, Cyril The Book of Amwell Barracuda Books Limited, 1980 ISBN 0-86023-085-6 Doree and Perman, David Amwell and Stanstead's Past in Pictures Publisher: The Rockingham Press 1997, ISBN 1-873468-57-1 Local Amwell amenities list Provided by Hertfordshire County Council - Accessed February 2007 Amwell A Brief History of Hertford Heath based on a note written by Esme Nix of Rush Green and describing Little Amwell