Wes Mannion is an Australian television personality, best known from the series The Crocodile Hunter as Steve Irwin's best friend and director of Australia Zoo. Mannion's interest in reptiles began in the jungles surrounding his family's home in Malaysia, where his father was stationed as a member of the Royal Australian Air Force. In 1976, Mannion and his family returned to Australia and in 1985, settled on the Sunshine Coast in Queensland, his passion for reptiles continued throughout his childhood years and at age 14, Mannion made his first visit to the Queensland Reptile and Fauna Park, now known as Australia Zoo. Mannion and Steve Irwin met in the mid-1980s when his parents visited Australia Zoo, he soon was looked upon as a younger brother. Mannion volunteered at the zoo for a number of months and was offered a paid keeping position, he and Irwin worked alongside each other at the zoo learning about reptile and animal husbandry and moved on to capturing and relocating wild crocodiles. Mannion started full-time at the Australia Zoo in 1988, working alongside Steve and gaining intimate knowledge of the care and management of wildlife.
By 1992, he was promoted to head reptile curator. Realising the need to gain overseas experience, he temporarily left the zoo to gain knowledge from other zoological and veterinary facilities overseas. Upon returning to the zoo in 1995, Mannion took up the position of manager and in 2001 was promoted to director. During Irwin's growing success with The Crocodile Hunter show, Mannion would star in the show as Steve's right hand and co-host, in the event that Irwin's wife Terri was unable to be there; when not co-hosting, he was behind the scenes keeping the camera crew safe from animals and ensuring their safety. In 2001, Mannion was involved in a serious incident in which a captive Australian saltwater crocodile named Graham bit him on the thigh. Irwin, acting on instinct and training, subdued the crocodile with a wooden "safety stick", allowing Mannion to escape. Steve Irwin Australia Zoo Wes Mannion on IMDb Animal Planet
Stephen Robert Irwin, nicknamed "The Crocodile Hunter" was an Australian zookeeper and television personality. Irwin achieved worldwide fame from the television series The Crocodile Hunter, an internationally broadcast wildlife documentary series which he co-hosted with his wife Terri, they owned and operated Australia Zoo, founded by Irwin's parents in Beerwah, about 80 kilometres north of the Queensland state capital city of Brisbane. Irwin died at 44, after being pierced in the heart by a stingray barb while filming an underwater documentary film titled Ocean's Deadliest. Irwin was born on his mother's birthday to Lyn and Bob Irwin in Essendon, a suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, he was of Irish descent on his father's side. He moved with his parents as a child to Queensland in 1970, where he attended Landsborough State School and Caloundra State High School. Irwin described his father as a wildlife expert interested in herpetology, while his mother Lyn was a wildlife rehabilitator. After moving to Queensland and Lyn Irwin started the small Queensland Reptile and Fauna Park, where Steve grew up around crocodiles and other reptiles.
Irwin became involved with the park in a number of ways, including taking part in daily animal feeding, as well as care and maintenance activities. On his sixth birthday, he was given a 12-foot scrub python, he began handling crocodiles at the age of nine after his father had educated him on reptiles from an early age. At age nine, he wrestled his first crocodile, again under his father's supervision, he worked as a volunteer for Queensland's East Coast Crocodile Management program and captured over 100 crocodiles, some of which were relocated, while others were housed at the family park. Irwin took over the management of the park in 1991 and renamed it Australia Zoo in 1998. In 1991, Irwin met Terri Raines, an American naturalist from Eugene, visiting wildlife rehabilitation facilities in Australia and had decided to visit the zoo. According to the couple, it was love at first sight. Terri said, he sounded like an environmental Tarzan, a larger-than-life superhero guy." They were engaged four months and were married in Eugene on 4 June 1992.
Together they had two children: a daughter, Bindi Sue Irwin, a son, Robert Clarence Irwin. Bindi Sue is jointly named after two of Steve Irwin's favourite animals: Bindi, a saltwater crocodile, Sui, a Staffordshire Bull Terrier. Irwin was as enthusiastic about his family, he once described his daughter Bindi as "the reason was put on the Earth." His wife once said, "The only thing that could keep him away from the animals he loves are the people he loves more." Although the Irwins were married, they did not wear wedding rings. Steve and Terri spent their honeymoon trapping crocodiles together. Film footage of their honeymoon, taken by John Stainton, became the first episode of The Crocodile Hunter; the series debuted on Australian TV screens in 1996 and made its way onto North American television the following year. The Crocodile Hunter became successful in the United States, the UK, over 130 other countries, reaching 500 million people. Irwin's exuberant and enthusiastic presenting style, broad Australian accent, signature khaki shorts, catchphrase "Crikey!" became known worldwide.
Sir David Attenborough praised Irwin for introducing many to the natural world, saying "He taught them how wonderful and exciting it was, he was a born communicator."American satellite and cable television channel Animal Planet ended The Crocodile Hunter with a series finale titled "Steve's Last Adventure." The last Crocodile Hunter documentary spanned three hours with footage of Irwin's across-the-world adventure in locations including the Himalayas, the Yangtze River and the Kruger National Park. Irwin went on to star in other Animal Planet documentaries, including Croc Files, The Crocodile Hunter Diaries, New Breed Vets. During a January 2006 interview on The Tonight Show with Jay Leno, Irwin announced that Discovery Kids would be developing a show for his daughter, Bindi Sue Irwin – a plan realised after his death as the series Bindi the Jungle Girl. In 1998, Irwin continued, working with director Mark Strickson, to present The Ten Deadliest Snakes in the World, he appeared on several episodes of The Tonight Show with Jay Leno.
A 2000 FedEx commercial with Irwin lightheartedly dealt with the possibility of occupational death from snakebite and the fanciful notion that FedEx would have saved him, if only FedEx were used. Under Irwin's leadership, the operations grew to include the zoo, the television series, the Steve Irwin Conservation Foundation, the International Crocodile Rescue. Improvements to the Australia Zoo include the Animal Planet Crocoseum, the rainforest aviary and Tiger Temple. Irwin mentioned that he was considering opening an Australia Zoo in Las Vegas, at other sites around the world. In 2001, Irwin appeared in a cameo role in the Eddie Murphy film Dr. Dolittle 2, in which an alligator warns Dolittle that he knows Irwin is going to grab him and is prepared to attack when he does, but Dolittle fails to warn Irwin in time. Irwin's only starring feature film role was in 2002's The Crocodile Hunter: Collision Course, released to mixed reviews. In the film Irwin (who portrayed himself and performed
Bindi Sue Irwin is an Australian actress, television personality, model and dancer. She is the only daughter of the late conservationist and television personality Steve Irwin and his conservationist and author wife Terri Irwin, owner of the Australia Zoo. Bindi's younger brother is Robert Irwin, a television personality and photographer, she is the granddaughter of naturalist and herpetologist Bob Irwin. Bindi has been involved in acting, dancing, game show hosting, has created two instructional fitness DVDs, she is known for winning season 21 of Dancing with the Stars. Bindi Irwin was born in Queensland, her first name comes from the name of her father's favourite female crocodile at the Australia Zoo, her middle name, Sue, is from the family's late dog Sui, who died in her sleep from cancer on 23 June 2004 at the age of 15. According to her father, Bindi is an Australian Aboriginal word that means "young girl", she began appearing on television shows as early as age two. She appeared in her father's television shows, including The Crocodile Hunter Diaries, appeared in the 2002 film The Wiggles: Wiggly Safari in a credited cast role.
She is with abundance of Irish ancestry on her father's side. She has a brother Robert Irwin. Bindi is a dual citizen of Australia and the United States, as her mother is a citizen of the United States and Australia. Irwin was homeschooled until 2014, she has completed a Certificate III in Business, is studying for a Certificate III in Tourism. Irwin was the presenter of a 26-part wildlife documentary kids show called Bindi the Jungle Girl, a production of the Discovery Kids television network, her father was filmed in many of the early shows before his death in September 2006, when production was temporarily put on hold. The series premiered in June 2007 on Discovery Kids; when Bindi was just a year old her grandmother Lyn Irwin died in a car accident on 11 February 2000. Bob has since remarried Judy Irwin. Bindi's father, was killed by a stingray barb on 4 September 2006 when she was eight years old, he was setting up to shoot ocean reef footage for a show that would include segments with himself, because weather prevented him from filming footage for a different show.
Irwin and her mother announced that she would continue her late father's conservation and television work. Steve Irwin had said he supported Bindi's career, claiming "I just want to be co-star to my daughter". On 20 September 2006, Irwin received a standing ovation after delivering a eulogy for her father in front of a crowd of 5,000 and a worldwide television audience of more than 300 million viewers. In the 2006 TV Week readers' poll, her speech received 43 percent of votes and was voted the television moment of the year, her mother stated that, apart from some assistance with typing, Irwin had written the speech herself. In June 2007, Irwin hosted a US television special about her father called My Daddy the Crocodile Hunter, she released two child fitness DVDs. Bindi and The Crocmen sang "Trouble in the Jungle" on The Today Show in November 2007 and Irwin was learning how to play the piano. In September 2006, at age 8, Irwin appeared on the cover of the Australian magazine New Idea, the youngest person to have done so in the magazine's 104-year history.
In early January 2007, Irwin appeared on The Ellen DeGeneres Show. At that time, she was scheduled for appearances on the Late Show with David Letterman and an attendance with Russell Crowe at a major dinner, she was promoting her new video, Bindi Kid Fitness, fulfilling her role as a newly appointed "tourism ambassador" for Australia. That month, Irwin appeared on Larry King Live, where she stated that creative writing was her favourite subject and maths her least favourite, she said that she enjoyed being homeschooled because she and her teachers were such good friends. Alongside George Lopez and Tyler James Williams, Irwin presented the award for "Favorite Male Singer" at the 2007 Kids' Choice Awards, won by the show's host Justin Timberlake. With help from Glenn Robbins, Irwin presented the award for'Most Outstanding Children's Show' at the Logie Awards of 2007, won by The Upside Down Show. In late November, Irwin appeared with her mother Terri in the 81st Annual Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade and performed songs from her album Trouble In The Jungle with The Crocmen on a jungle animal float.
On 4 May 2008, Irwin won the Most Popular New Female Talent Logie Award. On 13 June 2008, at the age of nine, she became the youngest performer to win a Daytime Emmy Award when she won the award for "Outstanding Performer in a Children's Series"; the previous record was held by Camryn Grimes, who won the "Outstanding Younger Actress in a Drama Series" at age ten for her performance in The Young and the Restless. In addition to singing and dancing Bindi has tried her hand at rapping. Irwin commits 10% of her wage to Wildlife Warriors, the charity founded by her family in 2002, she starred as Kirra in the movie Free Willy: Escape from Pirate's Cove, released on 23 March 2010. In 2012, Irwin hosted. Filmed at Australia Zoo, the contestants were put through "adventure challenges" to educate and test their wildlife knowledge, it was produced in association with Sydney-based Sticky Pictures, under commission from ABC, debuted in July on ABC3. Irwin starred in the sequel to Nim's Island playing the lead character Nim played by Abigail Breslin.
In 2012, Irwin appeared as Sunday Clovers on the episode "Mirror rorriM" of the Canadian television series, My Babysitter's a Vampire. In 2013, Irwin made a brief appearance on the Aust
Valparaiso is a city in Okaloosa County, United States. As of the 2000 census, the city population was 6,408. According to the U. S. Census Bureau's 2004 estimates, the city had a population of 6,336, it is part of the Fort Walton Beach–Crestview–Destin Metropolitan Statistical Area. Valparaiso was named after Valparaiso, Indiana and is a twin city with its neighboring city, Niceville. Chicago businessman James E. Plew, who relocated to the Panhandle of Northwest Florida in 1922, became "one of Northwest Florida's pioneer developers," and settled on Valparaiso "as the most spot for development, he founded the Bank of Valparaiso, constructed the Valparaiso Inn, organized the Chicago Country Club which constructed the Valparaiso Country Club golf course and was instrumental in many other development activities in the community.""Other interests of Mr. Plew included the founding of the Shalimar Winery, established to use the surplus grape crop of the county, he founded the Valparaiso Novelty Company, helped to establish a knitting mill in the community and was interested in a number of other enterprises to which he made investments to help their development."Plew thought that a military payroll would boost the depression-stricken economy of the region.
He leased from the City of Valparaiso the Valparaiso Airport, an arrowhead-shaped parcel of 137 acres cleared in 1933 as an airdrome. In 1934, Plew offered the U. S. government 1,460 acres contiguous land for a bombing and gunnery base. This leasehold became the headquarters for the Valparaiso Bombing and Gunnery Base activated on June 14, 1935, under the command of Captain Arnold H. Rich; this was the founding of Eglin Air Force Base. The field was assigned the ICAO airport code VPS for Valparaiso, which Destin-Fort Walton Beach Airport retains to this day. In Niceville, there is an elementary school named in his honor. Valparaiso is located at 30°30′N 86°30′W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.8 square miles, of which 11.9 square miles is land and 0.8 square miles is water. The climate is characterized by high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. Temperatures can lead to warm, humid nights. Summers are somewhat wetter than winters, with much of the rainfall coming from convectional thunderstorm activity.
The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfa". As of the census of 2000, there were 6,408 people, 1,928 households, 1,284 families residing in the city; the population density was 536.8 inhabitants per square mile. There were 2,023 housing units at an average density of 169.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 80.77% White, 9.91% African American, 0.64% Native American, 2.67% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 3.00% from other races, 2.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.18% of the population. There were 1,928 households out of which 30.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.1% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.4% were non-families. 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.87. In the city the population was spread out with 16.8% under the age of 18, 20.1% from 18 to 24, 31.9% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, 10.8% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 164.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 181.6 males. The median income for a household in the city was $39,521, the median income for a family was $46,411. Males had a median income of $22,267 versus $18,781 for females; the per capita income for the city was $19,934. About 3.1% of families and 6.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.7% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over. The Heritage Museum of Northwest Florida is located in Valparaiso. Commercial aircraft fly into nearby Destin-Fort Walton Beach Airport/Eglin Air Force Base, which serves Fort Walton Beach, Florida; the airport code VPS is taken from the City of Valparaiso, northeast of the base. City of Valparaiso Florida Website Portal style website, Business, Library and more Northwest Florida Daily News City-Data.com Comprehensive Statistical Data and more about Valparaiso
Discovery, Inc. is an American mass media company based in Silver Spring and established in 1985. The company operates factual television networks, such as its namesake Discovery Channel, Animal Planet, Investigation Discovery, Science Channel, TLC, other spin-off brands. In March 2018, the company completed its acquisition of Scripps Networks Interactive, which added networks such as Food Network, HGTV, Travel Channel to its portfolio; the combined company operates five of the ten most-watched U. S. cable channels among women. Discovery owns or has interests in local versions of its channel brands in international markets, in addition to its other major regional operations such as Eurosport, Discovery Communications Nordic, TVN Group in Poland, Lionsgate, an American-Canadian movie studio, UKTV, a British channel group co-owned with BBC Studios, a portfolio of various free-to-air channels in Germany and Italy such as DMAX and Real Time; the company's namesake and flagship brand, Discovery Channel, first launched on June 17, 1985.
In 1991, Discovery Channel's owners acquired The Learning Channel. In October 1996, Discovery launched several new spin-off networks, including Animal Planet, the digital cable channels Discovery Kids, Discovery Travel & Living, Discovery Civilization, Science Channel; this was followed by the 1997 purchase of a 70% stake in Travel Channel, the 1998 launches of Discovery en Español, Discovery Wings, Discovery Health Channel. In 1998, Discovery acquired a stake in the struggling CBS Eye on People channel; the network folded in 2000, being replaced by other Discovery channels on providers. On September 1, 2001, Discovery Communications bought The Health Channel, announced that it would be re-branded as FitTV. In 2002, Discovery re-launched Discovery Civilization as Discovery Times, as part of a joint venture with The New York Times. In June 2002, coinciding with Discovery's 17th anniversary, the company launched a 24/7 high definition channel known as Discovery HD Theater. In 2003, Discovery Communications moved its headquarters from Bethesda to Silver Spring.
In 2003 and 2003, Discovery acquired academic film companies such as AGC, AIMS Multimedia, Clearvue & SVE to form Discovery Education. In March 2007, Discovery sold its stake in Travel Channel back to Cox Communications, in exchange for the stake in Discovery that Cox owned. Cox would sell the controlling interest in the channel to Scripps Networks Interactive in 2009. In June 2008, Discovery Home was replaced by Planet Green, a network devoted to environmentalism and ecological living. On January 15, 2008, Discovery announced that it had entered into a joint venture with Oprah Winfrey's Harpo Productions to re-launch Discovery Health as a new service, OWN: The Oprah Winfrey Network, in 2009. In 2008, Discovery Times was re-launched as Investigation Discovery, a new brand that would be dedicated to true crime programs and documentaries. On April 30, 2009, Discovery announced a joint venture with Hasbro to re-launch Discovery Kids as a new youth- and family-oriented entertainment channel; the channel named The Hub, launched on October 10, 2010.
After multiple delays, OWN launched on January 1, 2011. On March 17, 2009, Discovery Communications sued Amazon.com for patent infringement by its Kindle e-reader line, regarding "secure distribution of electronic text and graphics to subscribers and secure storage". The patents were developed by Discovery founder John Hendricks, developing technologies related to e-books and the digitization of television programs. While Discovery had divested the television-related patents, it retained the e-book patents. Amazon subsequently accused Discovery of violating a patent for an "Internet-based customer referral system". On October 4, 2011, due to the wider implementation of high-definition feeds for mainstream cable channels, HD Theater was re-launched as Velocity, a new "upscale male" network focusing on automotive programming. On May 28, 2012, Planet Green was re-launched as Destination America. In January 2014, Discovery launched a website that aggregates online education content. In May 2014, Discovery and its shareholder Liberty Media acquired British television studio All3Media for $930 million in a 50/50 joint venture.
The new ownership stated. In October 2014, Discovery acquired controlling interest in Hub Network from Hasbro and re-branded it as Discovery Family. In November 2014, Curiosity was spun out as a venture-funded startup, receiving $6 million in funding. In December 2015, Discovery launched Discovery Go, a TV Everywhere service offering access to live streaming and on-demand content from Discovery Communications' cable networks. In May 2016, Discovery initiated a restructuring plan aiming to save $40 to $60 million by the third quarter of 2016, including a shift in strategy to "maximize" its linear television business whilst plotting larger investments in content, digital media and international markets. In August 2016, Discovery purchased a minority stake in the Hong Kong-based digital talent and content company VS Media. In October 2016, Discovery purchased a minority stake in Group Nine Media, a digital media holding company consisting of T
A television show is any content produced for broadcast via over-the-air, cable, or internet and viewed on a television set, excluding breaking news, advertisements, or trailers that are placed between shows. Television shows are most scheduled well ahead of time and appear on electronic guides or other TV listings. A television show might be called a television program if it lacks a narrative structure. A television series is released in episodes that follow a narrative, are divided into seasons or series – yearly or semiannual sets of new episodes. A show with a limited number of episodes may be called serial, or limited series. A one-time show may be called a "special". A television film is a film, broadcast on television rather than released in theaters or direct-to-video. Television shows can be viewed as they are broadcast in real time, be recorded on home video or a digital video recorder for viewing, or be viewed on demand via a set-top box or streamed over the internet; the first television shows were experimental, sporadic broadcasts viewable only within a short range from the broadcast tower starting in the 1930s.
Televised events such as the 1936 Summer Olympics in Germany, the 1937 coronation of King George VI in the UK, David Sarnoff's famous introduction at the 1939 New York World's Fair in the US spurred a growth in the medium, but World War II put a halt to development until after the war. The 1947 World Series inspired many Americans to buy their first television set and in 1948, the popular radio show Texaco Star Theater made the move and became the first weekly televised variety show, earning host Milton Berle the name "Mr Television" and demonstrating that the medium was a stable, modern form of entertainment which could attract advertisers; the first national live television broadcast in the US took place on September 4, 1951 when President Harry Truman's speech at the Japanese Peace Treaty Conference in San Francisco was transmitted over AT&T's transcontinental cable and microwave radio relay system to broadcast stations in local markets. The first national color broadcast in the US occurred on January 1, 1954.
During the following ten years most network broadcasts, nearly all local programming, continued to be in black-and-white. A color transition was announced for the fall of 1965, during which over half of all network prime-time programming would be broadcast in color; the first all-color prime-time season came just one year later. In 1972, the last holdout among daytime network shows converted to color, resulting in the first all-color network season. Television shows are more varied than most other forms of media due wide variety formats and genres that can be presented. A show may non-fictional, it may be historical. They could be instructional or educational, or entertaining as is the case in situation comedy and game shows. A drama program features a set of actors playing characters in a historical or contemporary setting; the program follows their adventures. Except for soap opera-type serials, many shows before the 1980s, remained static without story arcs, the main characters and premise changed little.
If some change happened to the characters' lives during the episode, it was undone by the end. Because of this, the episodes could be broadcast in any order. Since the 1980s, there are many series that feature progressive change to the plot, the characters, or both. For instance, Hill Street Blues and St. Elsewhere were two of the first American prime time drama television series to have this kind of dramatic structure. While the series, Babylon 5 is an extreme example of such production that had a predetermined story running over its intended five-season run. In 2012, it was reported that television was growing into a larger component of major media companies' revenues than film; some noted the increase in quality of some television programs. In 2012, Academy-Award-winning film director Steven Soderbergh, commenting on ambiguity and complexity of character and narrative, stated: "I think those qualities are now being seen on television and that people who want to see stories that have those kinds of qualities are watching television."
When a person or company decides to create a new series, they develop the show's elements, consisting of the concept, the characters, the crew, cast. They "pitch" it to the various networks in an attempt to find one interested enough to order a prototype first episode of the series, known as a pilot. Eric Coleman, an animation executive at Disney, told an interviewer, "One misconception is that it's difficult to get in and pitch your show, when the truth is that development executives at networks want much to hear ideas, they want much to get the word out on what types of shows they're looking for."To create the pilot, the structure and team of the whole series must be put together. If audiences respond well to the pilot, the network will pick up the show to air it the next season. Sometimes they save it for mid-season, or father review. Other times, they pass forcing the show's creator to "shop it around" to other networks. Many shows never make it past the pilot stage; the show hires a stable of writers, who usually
A natural history film or wildlife film is a documentary film about animals, plants, or other non-human living creatures concentrating on film taken in their natural habitat but often including footage of trained and captive animals. Sometimes they are about plants, or ecosystems in relationship to human beings; such programmes are most made for television for public broadcasting channels, but some are made for the cinema medium. The proliferation of this genre occurred simultaneously alongside the production of similar television series. Robert J. Flaherty's 1922 film Nanook of the North is cited as the first feature-length documentary. Decades The Walt Disney Company pioneered the serial theatrical release of nature-documentaries with its production of the True-Life Adventures series, a collection of fourteen full length and short subject nature films from 1948 to 1960. Prominent among those were The Living Desert and The Vanishing Prairie, both written and directed by James Algar; the first full-length nature-documentary films pioneering colour underwater cinematography were the Italian film Sesto Continente and the French film Le Monde du silence.
Directed by Folco Quilici Sesto Continente was shot in 1952 and first exhibited to Italian audiences in 1954. The Silent World, shot in 1954 and 1955 by Jacques Cousteau and Louis Malle, was first released in 1956. Many other nature-documentary films followed in subsequent years, such as those made by Nicolas Vanier, Luc Jacquet, Alastair Fothergill, among others. In 1954, the BBC started featuring David Attenborough. Other early nature documentaries include Fur and Feathers shown on CBC from 1955 to 1956 and hosted by Ian McTaggart-Cowan. and Look, a studio-based BBC magazine-program with filmed inserts, hosted by Sir Peter Scott from 1955 to 1981. The first 50-minute weekly documentary series, The World About Us, began on BBC2 in 1967 with a color installment from the French filmmaker Haroun Tazieff, called "Volcano". Around 1982, the series changed its title to The Natural World, which the BBC Natural History Unit in Bristol continues to produce as of 2018. In 1961, Anglia Television produced the first of the award-winning Survival series.
During the late 1970s and early 1980s, several other television companies round the world set up their own specialized natural-history departments, including the Australian Broadcasting Corporation in Melbourne, Australia and TVNZ's unit in Dunedin, New Zealand — both still in existence, the latter having changed its name to "NHNZ". ITV's contribution to the genre, became a prolific series of single films, it was axed when the network introduced a controversial new schedule which many commentators have criticized as "dumbing down". Wildlife and natural history films have boomed in popularity and have become one of modern society's most important sources of information about the natural world, yet film and television critics and scholars have ignored them. The BBC television series Walking With, narrated by Kenneth Branagh, used computer-generated imagery and animatronics to film prehistoric life in a similar manner to other nature documentaries; the shows had three spinoffs, two of which featured Nigel Marven: Chased by Dinosaurs and Sea Monsters: A Walking with Dinosaurs Trilogy.
Robert Winston presented Walking with Cavemen. Most nature documentary films or television series focus on a particular species, ecosystem, or scientific idea. Although most take a scientific and educational approach, some anthropomorphise their subjects or present animals purely for the viewer's pleasure. In a few instances, they are in presented in ethnographic film formats and contain stories that involve humans and their relationships with the natural world - as in Nanook of the North, The Story of the Weeping Camel, Grass: A Nation's Battle for Life. Although all have a human presenter, the role varies ranging from explanatory voiceovers to extensive interaction or confrontation with animals. Most nature documentaries are made for television and are of 45 to 50 minutes duration, but some are made as full-length cinematic presentations; such films include: In addition, the BBC's The Blue Planet and Planet Earth series have both been adapted for theatrical release. In some cases, nature documentaries are produced in the short subject form and are subsequently screened in theaters or broadcast on television.
They are about the relationship between humans and nature. Notable examples include: Agafia's Taiga Life Grand Canyon In Beaver Valley The Land 45-minute documentary made for the U. S. Department of Agriculture The Plow That Broke the Plains The River Seal Island Every two years the Wildscreen Trust, of Bristol in the UK presents the Panda Awards for nature documentaries; some nature documentaries those involving animals, have included footage of staged events that appear "natural" while contrived by filmmakers or occurring in captivity. In a famous example, Walt Disney's White Wilderness, lemmings were hurled to their deaths - but examples occur in modern nature documentaries, such as The Blue Planet and it hasn't stopped there. Among the many notable filmmakers and presenters who have contributed to the medium include: Sir David Attenborough's contributions to conservation are regarded, his television programs have been seen by millions of people throughout the world. Series narrated and/or