Central Plaza (Hong Kong)
Central Plaza is a 78-storey, 374 m skyscraper completed in August 1992 at 18 Harbour Road, in Wan Chai on Hong Kong Island in Hong Kong. It is the third tallest tower in the city after 2 International Finance Centre in Central and the ICC in West Kowloon, it was the tallest building in Asia from 1992 to 1996, until the Shun Hing Square was built in Shenzhen, a neighbouring city. Central Plaza surpassed the Bank of China Tower as the tallest building in Hong Kong until the completion of 2 IFC. Central Plaza was the tallest reinforced concrete building in the world, until it was surpassed by CITIC Plaza, Guangzhou; the building uses a triangular floor plan. On the top of the tower is a four-bar neon clock that indicates the time by displaying different colours for 15-minute periods, blinking at the change of the quarter. An anemometer is installed on the tip of at 378 metres above sea level; the mast has a height of 102 m. It houses the world's highest church inside a skyscraper, Sky City Church.
The land upon which Central Plaza sits was reclaimed from Victoria Harbour in the 1970s. The 77,800 square feet site was auctioned off by the Hong Kong Government at City Hall Theatre on 25 January 1989, it was sold for a record HK$3.35 billion to a joint venture called "Cheer City Properties", owned 50 per cent by Sun Hung Kai Properties and 50 per cent by fellow real estate conglomerate Sino Land and their shareholders the Ng Teng Fong family. A third developer, Ryoden Development, joined the consortium afterward; the first major tenant to sign a lease was the Provisional Airport Authority, who on 2 August 1991 agreed to lease the 24th to 26th floors. A topping-out ceremony, presided over by Sir David Ford, was held on 9 April 1992. Central Plaza is made up of two principal components: a free standing 368-metre-high office tower and a 30.5-metre-high podium block attached to it. The tower is made up of three sections: a 30.5-metre-high tower base forming the main entrance and public circulation spaces.
The ground level public area along with the public sitting out area form an 8,400 m2 landscaped garden with fountain and artificial stone paving. No commercial element is included in the podium; the first level is a public thoroughfare for three pedestrian bridges linking the Mass Transit Railway, the Convention and Exhibition Centre and the China Resource Building. By turning these space to public use, the building got 20% plot ratio more as bonus; the shape of the tower is not triangular but with its three corners cut off to provide better internal office spaces. Central Plaza was designed by the Hong Kong architectural firm Ng Chun Man and Associates and engineered by Arup; the main contractor was a joint venture, comprising the contracting firms Sanfield and Tat Lee, called Manloze Ltd. The building was designed to be triangular in shape because it would allow 20% more of the office area to enjoy the harbour view as compared with a square or rectangular shaped buildings. From an architectural point of view, this arrangement provides better floor area utilisation, offering an internal column-free office area with a clear depth of 9 to 13.4 m and an overall usable floor area efficiency of 81%.
Nonetheless, the triangular building plan causes the air handling unit room in the internal core to assume a triangular configuration. With only limited space, this makes the adoption of a standard AHU not feasible. Furthermore, all air-conditioning ducting, electrical trunking and piping gathered inside the core area has to be squeezed into a narrow and congested corridor ceiling void; as the building is situated opposite to the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre, the only way to get more sea view for the building and not be obstructed by the neighbouring high-rise buildings is to build it tall enough. However, a tall building brings a lot of difficulties to structural and building services design, for example, excessive system static pressure for water systems, high line voltage drop and long distance of vertical transportation. All these problems can increase the capital cost of the building systems and impair the safety operation of the building; as a general practice, for achieving a clear height of 2.6 to 2.7 m, a floor-to-floor height of 3.9 to 4.0 m would be required.
However, because of high windload in Hong Kong for such a super high-rise building, every increase in building height by a metre would increase the structural cost by more than HK$1 million. Therefore, a comprehensive study was conducted and a floor height of 3.6 m was adopted. With this issue alone, an estimated construction cost saving for a total of 58 office floors, would be around HK$30 million, yet at the same time, a maximum ceiling height of 2.6 m in office area could still be achieved with careful coordination and dedicated integration. The site is a newly reclaimed area with a maximum water table rises to about 2 m below ground level. In the original brief, a 6-storey basement is required, therefore a diaphragm wall design came out; the keyword to this project is time. With a briefing in a limited detail, the structural engineer needed to start work The diaphragm wall design allowed for the basement to be constructed by the top-down method, it allows the superstructure to be constructed at the same time as the basement, thereby removing time consuming basement construction period from the critical path.
Wind loading is another major design criterion in Hong K
Hong Kong Police Headquarters
The Hong Kong Police Headquarters or HKPHQ are located at 1 Arsenal Street, Wan Chai, on Hong Kong Island. It is the headquarters of the Hong Kong Police Force; the Headquarters complex comprises several buildings, including Caine House. As at December 2010, 5,202 police officers and 2,032 civilian officers are deployed in this headquarters. In 1864, first Hong Kong police headquarters was built at the junction with Hollywood Road and Wyndham Street. After early World War II, the headquarters moved to Oriental Emporium at Connaught Road West. In the 1950s, the colonial government gave the new reclaimed land to the police force to construct a new headquarters, replacing the Central Police Station. After several extensions, the Caine House was completed in 1952, it was named after the founder of Hong Kong Police Force. May House is named after Charlie May. In 1987 September, the Police Married Quarters was demolished and the project "Redevelopment of Police Headquarters, Arsenal Street, Wanchai" was launched on December 1993.
The Redevelopment was divided into two phases: Arsenal House opened in 1990. On 23 April 1997, ten years after the redevelopment, due to ageing facilities within May House, the Royal Hong Kong Police Force submitted the advice of police headquarters alteration, at a cost of 230 million Hong Kong dollars, to the Provisional Legislative Council Public Works Subcommittee; the members thought it is not economic benefit and they requested a long-term redevelopment plan for the police headquarters. After several discussions, the police force and the Legislative Council agreed to demolish May House and the car park site, while the two Arsenal Houses building remained; this plan was estimated to save rent of 34 million Hong Kong dollars every year for the police force. After the redevelopment, the Caine House and Wan Chai Police Station had been replanned; the new complex project launched in 2002 and completed in 2004. It cost two billion dollars. On 12 March 2005, the opening ceremony was held by the Hong Kong Chief Executive Donald Tsang, Security Bureau Ambrose Lee Siu-kwong and Commissioner of police Lee Ming-kwai.
This new complex is named as "Arsenal House". The former building with the same name are converted from Arsenal House to Arsenal House. Arsenal House became a skyscraper located in the Wanchai district of Hong Kong; the tower rises 47 floors and 206 metres in height. It was designed by the Architectural Services Department, was developed by The Facade Group. Arsenal House, which stands as the 43rd-tallest building in Hong Kong and is tied in rank with the Three Garden Road, Central, is composed of commercial office units, it has a total floor area of 135,500 square metres Facilities include 200-seat multi-use hall, 300-seat lecture theatre and an indoor shooting range. Police Licences Office, Crime Prevention Bureau Exhibition, Media Conference Room and Police Recruitment Division Conversation Room locate at lower block of the Arsenal House. Lower block is the office of Wan Chai Division Police Station; the East and West Wing are used as office by the other police units. The Caine House are re-planned for Hong Kong Island Regional Headquarters and Hong Kong Island Emergency Unit Headquarters.
List of tallest buildings in Hong Kong Charles May
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City. It was founded in 1923 and run by Henry Luce. A European edition is published in London and covers the Middle East, and, since 2003, Latin America. An Asian edition is based in Hong Kong; the South Pacific edition, which covers Australia, New Zealand, the Pacific Islands, is based in Sydney. In December 2008, Time discontinued publishing a Canadian advertiser edition. Time has the world's largest circulation for a weekly news magazine; the print edition has a readership of 26 million. In mid-2012, its circulation was over three million, which had lowered to two million by late 2017. Richard Stengel was the managing editor from May 2006 to October 2013, when he joined the U. S. State Department. Nancy Gibbs was the managing editor from September 2013 until September 2017, she was succeeded by Edward Felsenthal, Time's digital editor. Time magazine was created in 1923 by Briton Hadden and Henry Luce, making it the first weekly news magazine in the United States.
The two had worked together as chairman and managing editor of the Yale Daily News. They first called the proposed magazine Facts, they wanted to emphasize brevity. They changed the name to Time and used the slogan "Take Time–It's Brief". Hadden was liked to tease Luce, he saw Time as important, but fun, which accounted for its heavy coverage of celebrities, the entertainment industry, pop culture—criticized as too light for serious news. It set out to tell the news through people, for many decades, the magazine's cover depicted a single person. More Time has incorporated "People of the Year" issues which grew in popularity over the years. Notable mentions of them were Steve Jobs, etc.. The first issue of Time was published on March 3, 1923, featuring Joseph G. Cannon, the retired Speaker of the House of Representatives, on its cover. 1, including all of the articles and advertisements contained in the original, was included with copies of the February 28, 1938 issue as a commemoration of the magazine's 15th anniversary.
The cover price was 15¢ On Hadden's death in 1929, Luce became the dominant man at Time and a major figure in the history of 20th-century media. According to Time Inc.: The Intimate History of a Publishing Enterprise 1972–2004 by Robert Elson, "Roy Edward Larsen was to play a role second only to Luce's in the development of Time Inc". In his book, The March of Time, 1935–1951, Raymond Fielding noted that Larsen was "originally circulation manager and general manager of Time publisher of Life, for many years president of Time Inc. and in the long history of the corporation the most influential and important figure after Luce". Around the time they were raising $100,000 from wealthy Yale alumni such as Henry P. Davison, partner of J. P. Morgan & Co. publicity man Martin Egan and J. P. Morgan & Co. banker Dwight Morrow, Henry Luce, Briton Hadden hired Larsen in 1922 – although Larsen was a Harvard graduate and Luce and Hadden were Yale graduates. After Hadden died in 1929, Larsen purchased 550 shares of Time Inc. using money he obtained from selling RKO stock which he had inherited from his father, the head of the Benjamin Franklin Keith theatre chain in New England.
However, after Briton Hadden's death, the largest Time, Inc. stockholder was Henry Luce, who ruled the media conglomerate in an autocratic fashion, "at his right hand was Larsen", Time's second-largest stockholder, according to Time Inc.: The Intimate History of a Publishing Enterprise 1923–1941. In 1929, Roy Larsen was named a Time Inc. director and vice president. J. P. Morgan retained a certain control through two directorates and a share of stocks, both over Time and Fortune. Other shareholders were the New York Trust Company; the Time Inc. stock owned by Luce at the time of his death was worth about $109 million, it had been yielding him a yearly dividend of more than $2.4 million, according to Curtis Prendergast's The World of Time Inc.: The Intimate History of a Changing Enterprise 1957–1983. The Larsen family's Time stock was worth around $80 million during the 1960s, Roy Larsen was both a Time Inc. director and the chairman of its executive committee serving as Time's vice chairman of the board until the middle of 1979.
According to the September 10, 1979, issue of The New York Times, "Mr. Larsen was the only employee in the company's history given an exemption from its policy of mandatory retirement at age 65." After Time magazine began publishing its weekly issues in March 1923, Roy Larsen was able to increase its circulation by using U. S. radio and movie theaters around the world. It promoted both Time magazine and U. S. political and corporate interests. According to The March of Time, as early as 1924, Larsen had brought Time into the infant radio business with the broadcast of a 15-minute sustaining quiz show entitled Pop Question which survived until 1925". In 1928, Larsen "undertook the weekly broadcast of a 10-minute programme series of brief news summaries, drawn from current issues of Time magazine, broadcast over 33 stations throughout the United States". Larsen next arranged for a 30-minute radio program, The March of Time, to be broadcast over CBS, beginning on March 6, 1931; each week, the program presented a dramatisation of the week's news for its listeners, thus Time magazine itself was brought "to the attention of millions unaware
Times Square (Hong Kong)
Times Square is a shopping centre and office tower complex in Causeway Bay, Hong Kong. The complex, owned by Wharf Properties, part of The Wharf Limited group, opened in April 1994; the site was occupied by the original Sharp Street tram depot of the Hong Kong Tramways, another of the Wharf's subsidiary operations acquired in 1974. The Executive Council approved Tramways' plan to relocate its depots to Sai Wan Ho and Sai Ying Pun in July 1986, on the argument that the HK$3.5 million in operating costs savings would allow for tram fares to be held down. Additionally the noise of maintenance and tram movements at night was said to have long been a nuisance to surrounding residential buildings; the area was predominantly residential, the Town Planning Board insisted that the project did not include any more residential space. In July 1987, Wharf unveiled draft plans to redevelop the site into 1,600,000-square-foot of office and retail space. Following the relocation of Wanchai depot, the site was surrendered to its associate in 1988.
In 1991, the concrete plans were announced: the project would create 186,000 m2 of retail and office complex, an estimated construction cost of HK$2 billion. At the time, this part of Wanchai/Causeway Bay was deemed "not a attractive part of town"; the developer's debt levels and the uncertainty over sovereignty rendered project financing more problematic. Now it is considered prime property in the heart of Causeway Bay; the project consists of 83,700 m2 of retail space, two office towers with 102,300 m2 of accommodation. Times Square is considered the first of the first "vertical mall" in Hong Kong. Due to the high land price in Hong Kong, the higher yield on retail property, Times Square departs from the common western model of the flat shopping mall; the space allocated to retail is configured over 9 stories. The mall and lifts to the office tower are accessible by long escalators linking the ground floor podium and the first level of the mall, it is common practice for owners to allow naming buildings after its important tenants and giving illusion of ownership.
The entire complex remains owned by Wharf, but western and eastern office towers of the complex have been named "Shell Tower" and "Tower One" respectively. Both towers were designed by the architect firm Ouyang. Tower One: NatWest Tower: NatWest Tower rises 193.9 m tall and 46 floors. It is the 74th-tallest building in Hong Kong. Tower Two: Shell Tower: Shell Tower is 168.8 m tall and 39 floors. Tenants of Tower Two: Google Hong Kong: Suite 2501 Mirroring its namesake in New York City, the plaza in front of the building is one of two main gathering points, along with the harbour, for Western New Year celebrations in Hong Kong. In the hours leading up to 00:00 on Christmas Eve and New Year's Eve, the area is packed with revelers waiting for the midnight countdown, done by the "lowering" of lights on a wall. However, the celebration have been cancelled since 2014. Under the terms of a Deeds of Dedication signed with the Government, 3,010 square metres of the ground floor was set aside for public access, pedestrian passage and passive recreation.
However, the company has the right to organise exhibitions there, charge fees. The exact details of the concessions to the developers were not made public. Between July 2003 and March 2005, a corner of the piazza was leased to Starbucks Coffee; the company claimed it was an "unintentional oversight", corrected after notification was received from the Buildings Department. In 2008, controversy was again sparked following complaints that private security guards attempted to stop people lingering in the public area, building management apologised for their "over-zealous" guards. Since there has been a wider campaign in Hong Kong to re-examine provisions for public open space, the government quid pro quo with property developers. Alan Leong lamented the poor quality of some of Hong Kong's public open spaces, said he hoped that a Legco review would result in a "more transparent and predictable system"; the Secretary for Justice, filed a writ in the High Court on behalf of the Government against Times Square Ltd and its parent company Wharf Group, seeking to recover rental fees of as much as HK$124,000 a day for use of the Causeway Bay piazza dating back to 1993.
Commentators describe it as a landmark lawsuit which may have significant implications for other property owners if it is successful. The company believes that it has not charged more than what is allowed in the deed, but welcomed the case saying it would provide for guidance on the proper interpretation of the relevant clauses in the deed of dedication concerned. Times Square is served by Causeway Bay Station of the Mass Transit Railway system. There is an underground passage which directly links the building, an exit, coined "A1" opens into the ground floor podium level, it is accessible by tram in the direction to Happy Valley or Shau Kei Wan. Lastly it is served by various minibus routes; the Times Square Marketplace Mall was featured in the 2003 film Lara Croft Tomb Raider: The Cradle of Life where a department store, marked as'closed for renovation' is secretly hiding a biological weapons production plant. List of tallest buildings in Hong Kong Times Square Website The Wharf Holdings Limited – owner of the complex
Elizabeth II's jewels
The monarch of the Commonwealth realms, Queen Elizabeth II, owns a historic collection of jewels – some as monarch and others as a private individual. They are separate from the Gems and Jewels and the coronation and state regalia that make up the Crown Jewels; the origin of a distinct royal jewel collection is vague, though it is believed the jewels have their origin somewhere in the 16th century. Many of the pieces are from overseas and were brought to the United Kingdom as a result of civil war and revolutions, or acquired as gifts to the monarch. Most of the jewellery dates from the 20th centuries; the Crown Jewels are only worn at the annual State Opening of Parliament. At other formal occasions, such as banquets, the Queen wears the jewellery in her collection. Elizabeth owns more than 300 items of jewellery, including 98 brooches, 46 necklaces, 37 bracelets, 34 pairs of earrings, 15 rings, 14 watches and 5 pendants, the most notable of which are detailed in this article. Unlike the Crown Jewels—which date from the accession of Charles II—the jewels are not official regalia or insignia.
Much of the collection was designed for queens regnant and queens consort, though some kings have added to the collection. Most of the jewellery was purchased from other European heads of state and members of the aristocracy, or handed down by older generations of the Royal family as birthday and wedding presents. In recent years, Elizabeth has worn them in her capacity as Queen of Australia and New Zealand, can be seen wearing jewels from her collection in official portraits made specially for these realms. In 1714, with the accession of George I, the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Hanover both came to be ruled in personal union by the House of Hanover. Early Hanoverian monarchs were careful to keep the heirlooms of the two realms separate. George III gave half the British heirlooms to his bride, Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, as a wedding present. In her will, Charlotte left the jewels to the'House of Hanover'; the Kingdom of Hanover followed the Salic Law, whereby the line of succession went through male heirs.
Thus, when Queen Victoria acceded to the throne of the United Kingdom, her uncle Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale became King of Hanover. King Ernest demanded a portion of the jewellery, not only as the monarch of Hanover but as the son of Queen Charlotte. Victoria flatly declined to hand over any of the jewels, claiming they had been bought with British money. Ernest's son, George V of Hanover, continued to press the claim. Victoria's husband, Prince Albert, suggested that she make a financial settlement with the Hanoverian monarch to keep the jewels, but Parliament informed the Queen they would neither purchase the jewels nor loan funds for the purpose. A parliamentary commission was set up to investigate the matter and in 1857 they found in favour of the House of Hanover. On 28 January 1858, 10 years after Ernest's death, the jewels were handed to the Hanoverian Ambassador, Count Kielmansegg. Victoria did manage to keep one of her favourite pieces of jewellery: a fine rope of pearls.
Some pieces of jewellery made before the death of Queen Victoria in 1901 are regarded as heirlooms owned by the Queen in right of the Crown and pass from one monarch to the next in perpetuity. Objects made including official gifts, can be added to that part of the Royal Collection at the sole discretion of a monarch, it is not possible to say how much the collection is worth because the jewels have a rich and unique history, they are unlikely to be sold on the open market. In the early 20th century, five other lists of jewellery, which have never been published, supplemented those left to the Crown by Queen Victoria: Jewels left to the Crown by Her Majesty Queen Victoria Jewels left by Her Majesty to His Majesty the King Jewels left to His Majesty King Edward VII by Her Majesty Queen Victoria, hereinafter to be considered as belonging to the Crown and to be worn by all future Queens in right of it Jewels the property of His Majesty King George V Jewels given to the Crown by Her Majesty Queen Mary Jewels given to the Crown by His Majesty King George V The Delhi Durbar Tiara was made by Garrard & Co. for Queen Mary, the wife of King George V, to wear at the Delhi Durbar in 1911.
As British law prohibited the removal of the Crown Jewels from the country, King George V wore a specially made crown to the Durbar, Queen Mary wore the tiara. It was part of a set of jewellery made for Queen Mary to use at the event which included a necklace, stomacher and earrings. Made of gold and platinum, the tiara is 8 cm tall and has the form of a tall circlet of lyres and S-scrolls linked by festoons of diamonds, it was set with 10 of the Cambridge emeralds, acquired by Queen Mary in 1910 and first owned by her grandmother, the Duchess of Cambridge. In 1912, the tiara was altered to take one or both of the Cullinan IV diamonds. Mary lent the tiara to Queen Elizabeth for the 1947 royal tour of South Africa, it remained with her until she died in 2002, when it passed to Queen Elizabeth II. In 2005, the Queen lent the tiara to her daughter-in-law, the Duchess of Cornwall; this tiara, which can be worn as a necklace, was made for Queen Mary in 1919. It is not, as has sometimes been claimed, made with diamonds that once belonged to George III, but reuses diamonds taken from a necklace/tiara purchased by Queen Victoria from Collingwood & Co. as a wedding present for Princess Mary in 1893.
In August 1936, Mary gave the tiara to h
Island Resort (Hong Kong)
Island Resort is a high-rise complex located in the Siu Sai Wan area of Hong Kong. Construction of the complex began in 1999, was completed in 2001; the land on which the Island Resort complex is situated is the most expensive in the city. The purchase was the last major land sale in Hong Kong that took place while the United Kingdom was still in control, was the most expensive land transaction in the city's history; the complex contains four towers, each of which rises 202 metres in height. The buildings are composed entirely of residential units, with a total of 3,098 apartments. There is a swimming pool complex, with indoor pools; the outdoor pools are in the middle of the tower area and the indoor one is within the main complex. The complex includes a three-floor shopping mall, a six-floor car park and a three-floor club house. Facilities provided by the clubhouse include a library, gym room, BBQ area, band room, tennis courts, basketball court, 4 bowling ball lanes, badminton courts, music rooms, play room, snooker room, an indoor and outdoor swimming pool, a bar, a lounge, meeting rooms, study room, a squash court.
The residential buildings do not include floor 13, 14, 24, 34, 44 and 54 because it is believed that 4 is an unlucky number to Chinese people and a representative of death. Though there is no MTR station in Siu Sai Wan area, there is a minibus connecting Island Resort and Heng Fa Chuen MTR station. Moreover, there is a bus terminus located on the ground floor of Island Resort. There are various bus routes going to and from Hong Kong Island and New Territories. List of tallest buildings in Hong Kong
Bank of China Tower (Hong Kong)
The Bank of China Tower is one of the most recognisable skyscrapers in Central, Hong Kong. Located at 1 Garden Road, the tower houses the headquarters of the Bank of China Limited. Designed by I. M. Pei and L. C Pei of I. M Pei and Partners, the building is 315.0 m high with two masts reaching 367.4 m high. It was the tallest building in Hong Kong and Asia from 1989 to 1992, it was the first supertall skyscraper outside the United States, the first to break the 305 m mark, it is now the fourth tallest skyscraper in Hong Kong, after International Commerce Centre, Two International Finance Centre and Central Plaza. The 6,700 m2 site on which the building is constructed was the location of Murray House. After its brick-by-brick relocation to Stanley, the site was sold by the Government for "only HK$1 billion" in August 1982 amidst growing concern over the future of Hong Kong in the run-up to the transfer of sovereignty; the building was built by the Hong Kong Branch of the Bank of China. The top four and the bottom 19 storeys are used by the Bank.
Ownership has since been transferred to BOCHK, although the Bank of China has leased back several floors for use by its own operations in Hong Kong. The Government had given preferential treatment to Chinese companies, was again criticised for the apparent preferential treatment to the BOCHK; the price paid was half the amount of the 6,250 m² Admiralty II plot, for which the MTR Corporation paid HK$1.82 billion in cash. The BOC would make initial payment of $60 million, with the rest payable over 13 years at 6% interest; the announcement of the sale was poorly handled, a dive in business confidence ensued. The Hang Seng Index fell 80 points, the HK$ lost 1.5% of its value the next day. The tower was built by Japanese contractor Kumagai Gumi. Superstructure work began in May 1986; the tower is a steel-frame structure. The spray-on fireproofing material applied to the steel structure, a product called Monokote MK-5, was a source of controversy as it contains asbestos. At the time, the use of asbestos was only banned in Hong Kong.
The Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 interrupted publicity surrounding the building's design and construction. A press conference scheduled for 24 May 1989, two weeks before the massacre, was intended to show off the building's "designer socialist furnishings", but was called off as the student demonstrations in Beijing escalated; the public relations firm that organised the conference explained to the South China Morning Post that "under the circumstances, it has been decided to stop any publicity to do with the Bank of China."Once developed, gross floor area was expected to be 100,000 m². The original project was intended for completion on the auspicious date of 8 August 1988. However, owing to project delays, groundbreaking took place in March 1985 two years late, it was topped out in 1989, occupied on 15 June 1990. Designed by Pritzker Prize-winning architect I. M. Pei, the building is 315.0 m high with two masts reaching 367.4 m high. The 72-storey building is located near Central MTR station.
This was the tallest building in Hong Kong and Asia from 1990 to 1992, the first building outside the United States to break the 305 m mark, the first composite space frame high-rise building. That means it was the tallest outside the United States from its completion year, 1990, it is now the fourth tallest skyscraper in Hong Kong, after International Commerce Centre, Two International Finance Centre and Central Plaza. A small observation deck on the 43rd floor of the building was once open to the public, but is now closed; the whole structure is supported by the four steel columns at the corners of the building, with the triangular frameworks transferring the weight of the structure onto these four columns. It is covered with glass curtain walls. While its distinctive look makes it one of Hong Kong's most identifiable landmarks today, it was the source of some controversy at one time, as the bank is the only major building in Hong Kong to have bypassed the convention of consulting with feng shui masters on matters of design prior to construction.
The building has been criticised by some practitioners of feng shui for its sharp edges and its negative symbolism by the numerous'X' shapes in its original design, though Pei modified the design to some degree before construction following this feedback. The building's profile from some angles resembles that of a meat cleaver and it is sometimes referred to as a "vertical knife"; this earned it the nickname “一把刀” in Cantonese meaning'One Knife'. The Bank Of China Tower can be accessed by the Mass Transit Railway by walking through Chater Garden from Central Station Exit J2. In the 2012 film Battleship, the building is torn in half by a crashing alien spaceship and its spire falls into the streets of Hong Kong, killing many people. In Star Trek: Voyager, the building is used as the exterior of Starfleet Communications Research Center; the building in seen on the attraction It's a Small World at Hong Kong Disneyland. The building was featured in the film Transformers: Age of Extinction, where Bumblebee and Dinobot Strafe makes their final stand against the Decepticon drone Stinger.
The building appears in Cardcaptor Sakura: The Movie for several scenes. Bank of China Building, the old headquarters of the Bank of China List of tallest buildings in Hong Kong List of buildings and structures in Hong Kong List of tallest freestanding structures in the world About BOC Tower on Bank of China website Great Buildings Online