The Dark Knight is a 2008 superhero film directed, co-produced, co-written by Christopher Nolan. Based on the DC Comics character Batman, the film is the second installment of Nolan's The Dark Knight Trilogy and a sequel to 2005's Batman Begins, starring Christian Bale and supported by Michael Caine, Heath Ledger, Gary Oldman, Aaron Eckhart, Maggie Gyllenhaal, Morgan Freeman. In the film, Bruce Wayne / Batman, Police Lieutenant James Gordon and District Attorney Harvey Dent form an alliance to dismantle organized crime in Gotham City, but are menaced by an anarchistic mastermind known as the Joker, who seeks to undermine Batman's influence and turn the city to chaos. Nolan's inspiration for the film was the Joker's comic book debut in 1940, the 1988 graphic novel The Killing Joke, the 1996 series The Long Halloween, which retold Harvey Dent's origin; the "Dark Knight" nickname was first applied to Batman in Batman #1, in a story written by Bill Finger. The Dark Knight was filmed in Chicago, as well as in several other locations in the United States, the United Kingdom, Hong Kong.
The film was the first mainstream feature to utilize IMAX 70 mm cameras, with Nolan using them for 28 minutes of the film, including the Joker's first appearance. Warner Bros. created a viral marketing campaign for The Dark Knight, developing promotional websites and trailers highlighting screenshots of Ledger as the Joker. Ledger died on January 22, 2008, some months after he completed filming and six months before the film's release from a toxic combination of prescription drugs, leading to intense attention from the press and movie-going public. A co-production of the United States and the United Kingdom, The Dark Knight was released on July 18, 2008, in the United States and on July 25, 2008, in the United Kingdom. Considered one of the best films of its decade and one of the best superhero films of all time, the film received positive reviews for its action, screenplay, visual effects, direction, setting numerous records during its theatrical run; the Dark Knight appeared on 287 critics' top-ten lists, more than any other film of 2008 with the exception of WALL-E, more critics named The Dark Knight the best film released that year.
With over $1 billion in revenue worldwide, it became the highest-grossing film of 2008 and is the 46th-highest-grossing film of all time, unadjusted for inflation. The film received eight Academy Award nominations; the Dark Knight Rises, the final film in the trilogy, was released on July 20, 2012. A gang of criminals rob a Gotham City mob bank, murdering each other for a higher share of the money until only the Joker remains, who escapes with the money. Batman, District Attorney Harvey Dent and Lieutenant James Gordon form an alliance to rid Gotham City of organized crime. Bruce Wayne believes that with Dent as Gotham's protector, he can retire from being Batman and lead a normal life with Rachel Dawes – though she and Dent are dating. Mob bosses Sal Maroni and the Chechen hold a video conference with their corrupt accountant, who has taken their funds for safekeeping and fled to Hong Kong; the Joker interrupts the meeting to warn them that since Batman is unhindered by the law, he would find Lau, who would give up the mob's money for a plea bargain.
Joker offers to kill Batman in exchange for half of their money. The mob bosses disagree, Gambol places a bounty on the Joker; the Joker kills Gambol, taking over his gang. The mob decides to take the Joker up on his offer. Batman finds Lau in Hong Kong and brings him back to Gotham to testify, allowing Dent to apprehend the entire mob; the Joker threatens to kill people unless Batman reveals his identity, starts by murdering Police Commissioner Gillian B. Loeb and the judge presiding over the mob trial; the Joker tries to kill Mayor Anthony Garcia, but Gordon sacrifices himself to stop the assassination. Dent kidnaps one of Joker's henchmen and threatens him with a deadly game of heads or tails until Batman intervenes, warning Dent that all the criminals he has convicted would be released if anyone found out. Dent learns. Bruce decides to reveal his secret identity to prevent more deaths. Before he can, Dent falsely announces that he is Batman to lure the Joker out. Dent is taken into protective custody.
Batman comes to Dent's rescue and Gordon, who faked his death, apprehends the Joker, securing a promotion to Commissioner. Rachel and Dent are escorted away by detectives on Maroni's payroll. Batman interrogates the Joker, who reveals that they have been trapped in separate locations rigged with explosives and that Batman must choose one to save. Batman races to save Rachel. Batman realizes that the Joker has sent him to Dent's location instead. Both buildings explode, disfiguring Dent; the Joker escapes with Lau. The Joker kills Lau and the Chechen. Coleman Reese, an accountant at Wayne Enterprises, deduces that Bruce is Batman and threatens to publicize the information. Not wanting Reese's revelation to interfere with his plans, the Joker threatens to destroy a hospital unless Reese is killed within an hour. All hospitals are evacuated and Gordon travels to secure Reese; the Joker, disguise
Chinenye "Chiney" Ogwumike is a Nigerian-American professional basketball player for The Los Angeles Sparks of the Women's National Basketball Association. She is 6 plays power forward, she played in three Final Fours with Stanford University. She holds the record for most rebounds in the history of Stanford Women's Basketball and the Pac-12 Conference, as of January 3, 2014. In 2014, Ogwumike signed an endorsement deal with Nike soon after being drafted first overall in the WNBA; as of 2016, Ogwumike was elected Vice-President of the WNBA Players Association, signed an endorsement deal with Adidas. In May 2018, Ogwumike signed a multi-year contract with ESPN to become a full-time basketball analyst. Born in Tomball, Ogwumike attended Cypress Fairbanks High School in nearby Cypress, winning the 5A State Championship in her sophomore and senior seasons. Ogwumike was named a McDonald's All-American, she participated in the 2010 WBCA High School All-America Game, where she scored 24 points, earned MVP honors for the White team.
Ogwumike chose Stanford over Notre Dame, joining her sister Nneka Ogwumike. Ogwumike ended her Stanford career in 2014 as the all-time career scoring leader for either sex in Pac-12 Conference history, a record that fell in 2016 to Kelsey Plum of Washington. Source In the 2014–15 European season, Ogwumike played in Italy for Famila Schio. During the 2016 WNBA season, Ogwumike had signed with Henan Phoenix of the WCBA for the 2016–17 Chinese season. In her fifth game with the team, Ogwumike scored 56 points along with 12 rebounds She would end up winning first round MVP, averaging 33.6 points per game and 12.4 rebounds per game, prior to her achilles injury. Ogwumike was drafted first overall in the 2014 WNBA draft by the Connecticut Sun. In her rookie season, Ogwumike became a starter, averaging a career-high 15.5 points per game and 7.5 rebounds per game. She was named a WNBA All-Star along with her sister Nneka Ogwumike, becoming the first pair of sisters to be selected into a WNBA All-Star game.
Ogwumike would win the WNBA Rookie of the Year Award in 2014. Ogwumike sat out the entire 2015 season while recovering from a micro-fracture on her right knee that she sustained months before the season. Ogwumike came back healthy for the 2016 season, playing 33 games with 18 starts while averaging 12.6 points per game. She had scored a career-high 26 points along with 15 rebounds in a regular season game win against the Dallas Wings. In December 2016, it was announced that Ogwumike had undergone surgery after injuring her achilles while playing overseas in China during the WNBA offseason, she was ruled out with an estimated recovery period of 6–9 months, which caused her to miss the 2017 WNBA season. In April 2017, Ogwumike was suspended by the Sun for the entire 2017 season to free up a roster spot due to her injury and that same month she signed a contract extension. On May 20, 2018, Ogwumike made her return to the Sun in their season debut, playing her first WNBA game in two years. In 17 minutes of play, she scored 9 points in the starting lineup in a 101–65 victory over the Las Vegas Aces.
On June 30, 2018, Ogwumike scored a new career-high of 30 points in a 103-92 loss to the Seattle Storm. On in the 2018 season, it was announced that Ogwumike was voted into the 2018 WNBA All-Star Game, making it her second all-star appearance; the Sun finished as the number 4 seed in the league with a 21–13 record, receiving a bye to the second round elimination game. The Sun would lose 96-86 to the Phoenix Mercury. On April 28, 2019, Ogwumike was traded to the Los Angeles Sparks for a 2020 first round pick, reuniting her with her sister Nneka. Ogwumike was named to the USA Basketball U18 team; the USA team was one of eight teams from North and Central America, along with the Caribbean, invited to participate in the 2010 FIBA Americas U18 Championship For Women, held at the U. S. Olympic Training Center, in Colorado Springs, Colorado; the team was coached by Jennifer Rizzotti. Ogwumike was the leading scorer with 13.2 points per game. She was the leading rebounder with 7.4 rebounds per game. The USA team captured the gold medal.
The usual sequence is for the players on the U18 team to move to the U19 team. However. Ogwumike played so well as a U18 that she was promoted to the World University Games team for the 2011 World University Games held in Shenzhen, China. Chiney was not the only Ogwumike on the team, as her sister, Nneka Ogwumike, was on the team. Both started every game, with Chiney scoring ten points per game, she hit 25 of 37 shot attempts for a team leading 67.6% shooting percentage. She helped the USA earn the gold medal. 2010—WBCA High School Coaches' All-America Team 2011—All-Pacific-10 Conference Team 2011—All-Pac-10 All-Defensive Team 2011—All-Pac-10 Tournament Team 2011—Pac-10 Freshman of the Year 2013—Pac-12 Player of the Year 2013—Pac-12 Defensive Player of the Year 2014—ESPNW First Team All-American 2014—USBWA All-American team 2014—John R. Wooden Award 2014—Pac-12 Player of the Year 2014—Pac-12 Defensive Player of the Year 2014—WNBA Rookie of the Year USA Basketball profile Stanford Cardinal bio
The Energy and Water Development and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2014 refers to appropriations bills introduced during the 113th United States Congress. There are two different versions: H. R. 2609 in the House of Representatives and S. 1245 in the Senate. The bill was incorporated as Division D of the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2014, enacted in January 2014; the money would be appropriated to the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers, Bureau of Reclamation and other U. S. Department of the Interior projects, Department of Energy projects. Many of these projects relate to electricity generation and sale; this funding would be used during fiscal year 2014, which starts on October 1, 2013 and ends September 30, 2014. The House version totals $30.4 billion in spending. The Senate version, as approved by the full Senate Appropriations Committee on June 27, appropriates $34.8 billion. The Senate bill was $1.96 billion below, the House bill was $2.9 billion lower, the enacted funding level for the previous fiscal year before sequestration.
The Senate bill is $4.4 billion more than the House version of the bill, funds Obama administration priorities for DOE Office of Science and clean energy basic research, which were reduced in the House version of the bill. Both bills are below the budget request of President Barack Obama; the decreases in funding were "made possible by agency consolidations and rolling back of government regulations." Congress annually considers several appropriations measures, which provide funding for numerous activities, for example, national defense and homeland security, as well as general government operations. There are three types of appropriations measures. Regular appropriations bills provide most of the funding, provided in all appropriations measures for a fiscal year, must be enacted by October 1, the beginning of the fiscal year. If regular bills are not enacted by the beginning of the new fiscal year, Congress adopts continuing resolutions to continue funding until regular bills are enacted. Supplemental appropriations bills provide additional appropriations to become available during a fiscal year.
Reasons that supplemental appropriations bills might be necessary including funding for a war or to help recover from a natural disaster. The Energy and Water Development and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2014 is one of several regular appropriation bills that were passed by the House of Representatives in order to provide funding for Fiscal Year 2014. Congress has established an authorization-appropriation process that provides for two separate types of measures—authorization bills and appropriation bills; these measures perform different functions. Authorization bills continue, or modify agencies or programs. Appropriations measures subsequently provide funding for the programs authorized; the Energy and Water Development and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2014 would make appropriations for energy and water development and related agencies for FY2014. The bill would appropriate funds to the United States Army Corps of Engineers, for: civil functions pertaining to river and harbor and storm damage reduction, shore protection, aquatic ecosystem restoration.
If passed, the Army Corps of Engineers would received funding of $4.9 billion, $104 million less than the previous year, but $50 million more than President Obama requested in his budget. The bill includes a provision that would prohibit the "Army Corps from revising regulations on the discharge of fill material." An amendment offered by Rep. Stephen Lynch was adopted that would increase funding for Civil Works construction by $20 million and cut Fossil Energy Research and Development by an equal amount; the bill would make appropriations for FY2014 to the United States Department of the Interior for: the Central Utah Project Completion Account. The Bureau of Reclamation would receive $965 million, a decrease of $104 million from their Fiscal Year 2013 funding; the bill would make appropriations for FY2014 to the United States Department of Energy for energy and science programs, including: energy efficiency and renewable energy, electricity delivery and energy reliability, nuclear energy, fossil energy research and development, naval petroleum and oil shale reserves, the Strategic Petroleum Reserve and the Northeast Home Heating Oil Reserve, the Energy Information Administration, non-defense environmental cleanup, the Uranium Enrichment Decontamination and Decommissioning Fund, science activities, the Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy, the Title 17 Innovative Technology Loan Guarantee Loan Program, the Advanced Technology Vehicles Manufacturing Loan Program, departmental administration, the Office of the Inspector General, the Nati