The Dark Tower (comics)
The Dark Tower, first published in 2007, is a series of comic books based on Stephen King's The Dark Tower series of novels. Overall, it is scripted by Peter David. Stephen King serves as Executive Director of the project; the first chapter run of the series entitled The Dark Tower, launched February 7, 2007, consisted of thirty issues that made up five volumes illustrated by Jae Lee and Richard Isanove. The first volume, The Gunslinger Born, was based on flashbacks from The Dark Tower: The Gunslinger and The Dark Tower IV: Wizard and Glass. In addition to the five primary story arcs, the chapter run included one limited series, The Sorcerer; as stated by Peter David's afterword to The Long Road Home, the chapter run detailed Roland Deschain's "progress from callow youth to gunslinger," starting with his adventures in Mejis from Wizard and Glass and ending with the Battle of Jericho Hill. The second chapter run, under the title of The Dark Tower: The Gunslinger, began May 9, 2010, it consisted of another thirty issues across five additional volumes written by David.
Following Lee's departure from the series, this chapter run featured Isanove teaming with a different artist for each story arc. The first volume, The Journey Begins, took place twelve years after the Battle of Jericho Hill and detailed events which occurred between the time of the battle and the start of the novel The Gunslinger; the second volume, The Little Sisters of Eluria, was based upon the short story of the same name found in the Stephen King collection Everything's Eventual. The remaining volumes were adaptations of the novellas within The Gunslinger; the third, The Battle of Tull, was based upon content from "The Gunslinger". The fourth, The Way Station, was based upon "The Way Station" and "The Oracle and the Mountains"; the fifth, The Man in Black, was based upon "The Slow Mutants" and "The Gunslinger and the Dark Man". In addition to the five primary story arcs, a total of three limited series were released as part of this chapter run; the Dark Tower comics were planned to be finished after the August 7, 2013, release of So Fell Lord Perth.
However, on April 25, 2014, a third chapter run, The Dark Tower: The Drawing of the Three, was announced. This chapter run, based on the novel The Dark Tower II: The Drawing of the Three, began September 17, 2014; the series continued to be written by Furth and David but featured, for the first time, rotating artistic teams that did not feature Isanove. The volumes in this chapter run focused on the newly gathered members of Roland's ka-tet, as divided in the novel into sections based on the mysterious doors through which Roland must travel; the first and second volumes focused on Eddie Dean, introduced in the section of the novel named "The Prisoner". The third and fourth volumes focused on Odetta Holmes, introduced in the section of the novel named "The Lady of Shadows"; the fifth volume focused on Jake Chambers, who survived his original fate thanks to a change in the timeline and resultantly struggled to find a way to return to Mid-World. This chapter run was the last to be published by Marvel Comics.
On November 7, 2007, Marvel began publishing collections for each story arc, on September 21, 2011, it began publishing hardcover omnibus editions collecting each chapter run, with bonus materials not contained in the original releases. However, only the first two chapter runs received the omnibus treatment. In 2018, Gallery 13 took over publication of the Dark Tower comics, beginning in August by republishing the collected graphic novels from the original chapter run of the series, with the collected graphic novels from The Dark Tower: The Gunslinger chapter run set to be republished beginning Spring 2019. Since the announcement of the rights acquisition indicated only the first eleven volumes, there is neither any information whether the republication will include The Dark Tower: The Drawing of the Three nor any information whether any new content will be produced. Notes Cover artists listed are for primary first-printing cover art, not additional printings and/or variant covers. Notes Story arc collections 1-10 were made available in both hardcover and softcover formats.
Beginning with collection 11, the only printed edition released was a paperback format. The Stand Official Dark Tower comics site
Dark Tower (1987 film)
Dark Tower is a 1989 film directed by Freddie Francis and Ken Wiederhorn and starring Michael Moriarty, Jenny Agutter, Theodore Bikel, Carol Lynley, Kevin McCarthy and Anne Lockhart. After a window washer plunges to his death from a Barcelona high rise, several people come to investigate, including security consultant Dennis Randall, he cannot locate a problem, but decides to investigate further when more gruesome deaths take place inside and around the office building. His investigations prove that there is a sinister force behind all the deaths, a supernatural entity, not about to stop. Filming took place in Spain; the filming took place in 1987 but the film was not released until its home video release in the U. S. on March 29, 1989. The directors were credited as Ken Barnett. TV Guide called the film a "dull and incoherent haunted-skyscraper suspense thriller." Reviewmaster.com gave it a C−. The IMDb reports. Buried.com reports 56 users giving it a collective score of 5.1 stars out of 10. Dark Tower on IMDb Dark Tower at Rotten Tomatoes Mgm.com
Frederick Louis MacNeice was a British poet and playwright from Northern Ireland, a member of the Auden Group, which included W. H. Auden, Stephen Spender and Cecil Day-Lewis. MacNeice's body of work was appreciated by the public during his lifetime, due in part to his relaxed but and aware style. Never as overtly or simplistically political as some of his contemporaries, he expressed a humane opposition to totalitarianism as well as an acute awareness of his roots. Louis MacNeice was born in Belfast, the youngest son of John Frederick and Elizabeth Margaret MacNeice. Both were from the West of Ireland. MacNeice's father, a Protestant minister, would go on to become a bishop of the Anglican Church of Ireland and his mother Elizabeth née Cleshan, from Ballymacrony, County Galway, had been a schoolmistress; the family moved to County Antrim, soon after MacNeice's birth. When MacNeice was six, his mother was admitted to a Dublin nursing home suffering from severe depression and he did not see her again.
She survived uterine cancer but died of tuberculosis in December 1914. MacNeice described the cause of his mother's death as "obscure", blamed his mother's cancer on his own difficult birth, his brother William, who had Down's syndrome, had been sent to live in an institution in Scotland during his mother's terminal illness. In 1917, his father remarried to Georgina Greer and MacNeice's sister Elizabeth was sent to board at a preparatory school at Sherborne, England. MacNeice joined her at Sherborne Preparatory School in the year. MacNeice was happy at Sherborne, which gave an education concentrating on the Classics and literature, he was an enthusiastic sportsman, something which continued when he moved to Marlborough College in 1921, having won a classical scholarship. Marlborough was a less happy place, with a hierarchical and sometimes cruel social structure, but MacNeice's interest in ancient literature and civilisation deepened and expanded to include Egyptian and Norse mythology. In 1922 he was invited to join Marlborough's secret'Society of Amici' where he was a contemporary of John Betjeman and Anthony Blunt, forming a lifelong friendship with the latter.
He wrote poetry and essays for the school magazines. By the end of his time at the school, MacNeice was sharing a study with Blunt and sharing his aesthetic tastes, though not his sexual ones. In November 1925, MacNeice was awarded a postmastership to Merton College, he left Marlborough in the summer of the following year, he left behind his birth name of Frederick, his accent and his father's faith, although he never lost a sense of his Irishness. It was during his first year as a student at Oxford that MacNeice first met W. H. Auden, who had gained a reputation as the university's foremost poet during the preceding year. Stephen Spender and Cecil Day-Lewis were part of Auden's circle, but MacNeice's closest Oxford friends were John Hilton, Christopher Holme and Graham Shepard, with him at Marlborough. MacNeice threw himself into the aesthetic culture, publishing poetry in literary magazines The Cherwell and Sir Galahad, organising candle-lit readings of Shelley and Marlowe, visiting Paris with Hilton.
Auden would become a lifelong friend. In 1928 he was introduced to his stepdaughter Mary Ezra. A year he thought to soften the news that he had been arrested for drunkenness by telegraphing his father to say he was engaged to be married to Mary. John MacNeice was horrified to discover his son was engaged to a Jew, while Ezra's family demanded assurances that Louis's brother's Down's syndrome was not hereditary. Amidst this turmoil MacNeice published four poems in Oxford Poetry, 1929 and his first undergraduate collection Blind Fireworks. Published by Gollancz, the volume was dedicated to "Giovanna" (Mary's full name was Giovanna Marie Thérèse Babette. In 1930 the couple were married at Oxford Register Office, neither set of parents attending the ceremony, he was awarded a first-class degree in literae humaniores, had gained an appointment as Assistant Lecturer in Classics at the University of Birmingham. The newlyweds were found lodgings in Birmingham by E. R. Dodds and his wife, Bet – Dodds was Professor of Greek.
Bet was a lecturer in the Department of English. The MacNeices lived in a former coachman's cottage in the grounds of a house in Selly Park belonging to another professor, Philip Sargant Florence. Birmingham was a different university from Oxford, MacNeice was not a natural lecturer, he found it difficult to write poetry, he turned instead to a semi-autobiographical novel, Roundabout Way, published in 1932 under the name of Louis Malone as he feared a novel by an academic would not be favourably reviewed. He felt that married life was not helping his poetry: "To write poems expressing doubt or melancholy, an anarchist conception of freedom or nostalgia for the open spaces, seemed disloyal to Mariette. Instead I was disloyal to myself, wrote a novel which purported to be an idyll of domestic felicity; as we predicted, the novel was not well received."The local Classical Association included George Augustus Auden, Professor of Public Health and father of W. H. Auden, by 1932 MacNeice and Auden's Oxford acquaintance had turned into a close friends
The Dark Tower (album)
The Dark Tower is the sixteenth concept album by Nox Arcana, released as the soundtrack for The Dark Tower book series by Joseph Vargo. Narratives at the beginning and end of the album provide the storyline of an ancient castle inhabited by a vampire and haunted by ghosts and living gargoyles; the story is set during the time of the First Crusade. The music is predominantly instrumental with piano and pipe organ melodies accented by choirs, tolling bells and sound effects. Like other Halloween-themed albums by Nox Arcana, this one contains a secret interactive puzzle that relates to the characters from the books; the Dark Tower CD ranked at No. 1 on the Amazon Halloween music category for 28 weeks. All music composed and performed by Joseph Vargo "Darkness Rising" – 1:47 "Born of the Night" – 3:29 "Crimson Thirst" – 2:47 "Vasaria" – 2:55 "Vesper Tolls" – 3:25 "Path of Shadows " – 3:49 "Banshee" – 1:32 "Ghost at the Gate" – 2:45 "Nightwatcher" – 1:56 "The Dark Tower" – 4:31 "Haunted" – 3:01 "Vampire's Kiss" – 3:04 "Undying Love" – 2:35 "Masque of Sorrow" – 3:01 "King of Fools" – 3:07 "Something Wicked" – 0:44 "Sinister Forces" – 3:45 "Immortal Fire" – 3:31 "Sorrow's End" – 3:19 "Dark Desire" – 3:37 "Noctem Aeternus" – 7:11The song "Noctem Aeternus" ends at 3:30, but there are two untitled hidden tracks: the first hidden track starts at 4:00 and ends at 4:35.
Nox Arcana's official website The Dark Tower at Allmusic
The Dark Tower (2017 film)
The Dark Tower is a 2017 American dark fantasy western film directed and co-written by Nikolaj Arcel. An adaptation and continuation of Stephen King's novel series of the same name, the film stars Idris Elba as Roland Deschain, a gunslinger on a quest to protect the Dark Tower—a mythical structure which supports all realities—while Matthew McConaughey plays his nemesis, Walter Padick / the Man in Black and Tom Taylor stars as Jake Chambers, a New York boy who becomes Roland's apprentice. Intended as the first instalment in a multimedia franchise, the film combines various elements from the eight-novel series, takes place in both modern-day New York City and in Mid-World, Roland's Old West-style parallel universe; the film serves as a sequel to the novels, which concluded with the revelation that Roland's quest is a cyclical time loop. The Dark Tower premiered at the Museum of Modern Art in New York City on July 31, 2017 and was theatrically released in the United States by Columbia Pictures on August 4, 2017.
The film grossed $113 million worldwide on a $66 million budget and received negative reviews, with critics calling it "a dull disappointment without any set audience: incomprehensible to newbies and wildly unfaithful and simplistic to fans of King's books," though Elba's performance earned praise. 11-year-old Jake Chambers experiences visions involving a Man in Black who seeks to destroy a Tower and bring ruin to the Universe while a Gunslinger opposes him. His visions are dismissed by his mother and psychiatrists as nightmares, resulting from the trauma of his father’s death the previous year. At his apartment home in New York City, a group of workers from an alleged psychiatric facility offer to rehabilitate Jake. Jake tracks down an abandoned house from one of his visions where he discovers a high-tech portal that leads to a post-apocalyptic world called Mid-World. In Mid-World, Jake encounters Roland Deschain, who has emerged in his visions, it is revealed that Roland is pursuing Walter Padick, the Man in Black who had appeared in Jake’s dreams across a desert, seeking to kill him in revenge for the murder of his father and all the remaining Gunslingers.
He explains to Jake that Walter over the decades has been abducting psychic children and is attempting to use their "shine" to bring down the Dark Tower, a fabled structure located at the center of the Universe. Roland takes Jake to a village. Learning of Jake's escape and journey to Mid-World, Walter investigates and discovers from his minion Sayre that Jake has "pure Shine", i.e. enough psychic potential to destroy the Tower single-handedly. He kills Jake's stepfather, interrogates his mother about his visions and kills her. Back in Mid-World, the seer determines that the machine is six months away on foot and portal access is restricted to Walter's bases. Jake realizes; the Taheen, Walter's minions, attack the village but Roland individually kills each of them. Roland and Jake return to Earth where Jake gets Roland's injuries treated at a hospital and learns the location of Walter's base from a homeless man that had helped him earlier; when Jake returns home to check in on his mother, he finds her charred remains and breaks down in tears.
Seeing this, Roland angrily vows to kill Walter for themselves and comforts Jake by teaching him the Gunslinger's Creed, which he hasn't uttered since his own father’s death, as well as the basics of gun fighting. As Roland rearms himself at a gun store, he is attacked by Walter who captures Jake and takes him through a portal at his base to a machine that will use Jake to destroy the Tower. Jake uses his psychic powers to alert Roland to the portal code he needs and Roland battles his way through Walter's henchmen and reopens the portal to which Jake forces to stay open. Walter is forced to return to New York to fight Roland and wounds him. After Jake reminds him of the Gunslinger’s Creed, Roland recovers, kills Walter with a trick shot after a brief fight and destroys the machine, saving the Tower and the other children. Afterwards, Roland says that he must return to his own world and offers Jake a place by his side as his companion. Jake accepts the offer as he has nowhere else to go, the two head back to Mid-World together.
Idris Elba as Roland DeschainThe last of the Gunslingers. On the choice of Elba, director and co-writer Nikolaj Arcel stated, "For me, it just clicked. He's such a formidable man." He added that he had been an admirer of Elba's since The Wire, stated, "I had to go to Idris and tell him my vision for the entire journey with Roland and the ka-tet. We discussed, this character? What's he about? What's his quest? What's his psychology? We tried to figure out, and we had all the same ideas and thoughts. He had a unique vision for who Roland would be." Stephen King himself spoke of Elba, stating: "I love it. I think he's a terrific actor, one of the best working in the business now." On the character of Roland, King noted: "For me the character is still the character. It's a Sergio Leone character, like the Man with No Name," while remarking, "He can be white or black, it makes no difference to me. I think it opens all kind of exciting possibilities for the backstory."Matthew McConaughey as Walter Padick
Barad-dûr, or the Dark Tower, is a fictional place in J. R. R. Tolkien's Middle-earth writings and is described in The Lord of the Rings, The Silmarillion, other works, it is an enormous fortress of the Dark Lord Sauron, whence he rules the volcanic and barren land of Mordor. Located in northwest Mordor, near Mount Doom, the Eye of Sauron keeps watch over Middle-earth from its highest tower; the name is pronounced "Ba'rad doorr" with emphasis placed on the "rr." The Lieutenant of Barad-dûr is the Mouth of Sauron, who acts as an ambassador and herald for Mordor and Sauron. Barad-dûr was completed by Sauron in 1600 of the Second Age, it was destroyed following the victory of the Last Alliance of Men at the end of the age. Rebuilding began in 67 years before the War of the Ring; as the Dark Tower is held together by Sauron's magic, it collapses upon the destruction of the One Ring. In the Elvish language Sindarin, Barad-dûr translates barad = tower and dûr = dark, this is rendered into English as “the Dark Tower.”
Barad-dûr was called "Lugbúrz" in the Black Speech of Mordor, which translates as "the Dark Tower". The Black Speech was one of the languages used in Barad-dûr; the soldiers there used a debased form of the tongue. In The Lord of the Rings "Barad-dûr," "Lugbúrz," and "the Dark Tower" are utilized as metonyms for Sauron; the Dark Tower stood at the end of a south-western offshoot of the Ash Mountains, the mountain range that ran eastwards from the Black Gate of Mordor. Barad-dûr was above the arid valley of Gorgoroth, lay south-east of Udûn and the Black Gate. From the fortress's east entrance a road went north west to the Isenmouthe. Frodo and Sam travelled part of this route on their way south to Mount Doom. A second route "Sauron’s Road" went from the west gate of Barad-dûr westwards across Gorgoroth to Mount Doom's "Chambers of Fire." This road ran from Barad-dûr between two smoking chasms and reached the causeway that led to the mountain. B. Strachey's Journeys of Frodo estimates Mount Doom was no more than 10 miles west of Barad-dûr because Sauron's Road from Barad-dûr to the causeway was only a league long.
However, the Thain's Book website estimates. From Mount Doom the road went southwest to Minas Morgul. In The Two Towers Barad-dûr is described as: “...that vast fortress, prison, furnace of great power...”The same paragraph goes on to say the Dark Tower had ‘immeasurable strength.’ The fortress was constructed with many towers and was hidden in clouds about it: "...rising black and darker than the vast shades amid which it stood, the cruel pinnacles and iron crown of the topmost tower of Barad-dûr."It could not be seen because Sauron created shadows about himself that crept out from the tower. In Frodo's vision on Amon Hen, he perceived the immense tower as: "...wall upon wall, battlement upon battlement, immeasurably strong, mountain of iron, gate of steel, tower of adamant... Barad-dûr, Fortress of Sauron."“Tower of adamant” is intended to suggest the tower was composed of hard material. There was an high look-out post, called the "Window of the Eye" at the top of the Dark Tower; this window was visible from Mount Doom where Frodo and Sam had a terrible glimpse of the Eye of Sauron.
Barad-dûr's west gate is described as “huge” and the west bridge as “a vast bridge of iron.” This carried Sauron's Road from the gate to Mount Doom. In The Return of the King, Sam Gamgee witnessed the destruction of Barad-dûr: “... towers and battlements, tall as hills, founded upon a mighty mountain-throne above immeasurable pits. For Peter Jackson's The Lord of the Rings film trilogy, Richard Taylor and his design team built an 18 ft high miniature of Barad-dûr. Jackson's The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King movie showed Barad-dûr as visible from the Black Gate of Mordor, not the case in Tolkien's book; some of the maps of Mordor in The Lord of the Rings film trilogy were altered from those in Tolkien's The Return of the King so that the inner mountain ridges of Udûn were not shown and therefore did not obstruct the view. Like the other strongholds of evil in the novel, i.e. Isengard, Minas Morgul and the Black Gate, Jackson portrayed Barad-dûr in "an exaggerated Gothic fashion" using black metallic structures.
In the Black Gate scene, having Barad-dûr visible from the gate meant that Aragorn's army could see the Eye of Sauron staring at them. This was done because of the deleted "Aragorn versus Sauron" scene. There would be a "blinding light" and Aragorn would see Annatar, who would become Sauron and attack. However, the filmmakers decided that this deviated too far from the books, so instead the blinding light scenes were used to depict a "staring contest" between Aragorn and the Eye of Sauron. Again another deleted scene in the extended edition of The Return of the King appeared to reinforce this view as it showed Sauron standing atop his tower and being observed by Aragorn. Furthermore, in the films, the Eye of Sauron was portrayed as a gigantic eye on top of the topmost tower of Barad-dûr; this took a literal interpretation of the descriptions of the Eye in J. R. R Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings. However, there are other interpretations of what Tolkien meant by the Eye and the portrayal in the films proved different to that of some Tolkien readers.
This is because Tolkien described Sauron in a lette
Childe Roland to the Dark Tower Came
"Childe Roland to the Dark Tower Came" is a poem by English author Robert Browning, written in 1855 and first published that same year in the collection titled Men and Women. The title, "Childe Roland to the Dark Tower Came", which forms the last words of the poem, is a line from William Shakespeare's play King Lear. In the play, Gloucester's son, lends credence to his disguise as Tom o' Bedlam by talking nonsense, of which this is a part: Child Rowland to the dark tower came,His word was still'Fie and fum I smell the blood of a British man. — King Lear, Act 3, scene 4 Shakespeare took inspiration from the fairy tale "Childe Rowland". Browning claimed. Browning explores Roland's journey to the Dark Tower in 34 six line stanzas with the rhyme form A-B-B-A-A-B and iambic pentameter, it is filled with images from nightmare but the setting is given unusual reality by much fuller descriptions of the landscape than was normal for Browning at any other time in his career. In general, the work is one of Browning's most complex.
This is, in part, because the hero's story is glimpsed around the edges. The name Roland, references to his slughorn, general medieval setting, the title childe suggest that the protagonist is the paladin of The Song of Roland, the 11th century anonymous French chanson de geste, among other works; the poem opens with Roland's speculations about the truthfulness of the man who gives him directions to the Dark Tower. Browning does not retell the Song of Roland; the gloomy, cynical Roland seeks the tower and undergoes various hardships on the way, although most of the obstacles arise from his own imagination. Upon reaching the Tower, Roland finds all those who failed to reach the tower, under it he shouts "Childe Roland to the dark tower came". What Roland finds inside the tower is not revealed. William Lyon Phelps proposes three different interpretations of the poem: In the first two, the Tower is a symbol of a knightly quest. Success only comes through failure or the end is the realisation of futility.
In his third interpretation, the Tower is damnation. For Margaret Atwood, Childe Roland is Browning himself, his quest is to write this poem, the Dark Tower contains that which Roland/Browning fears most: Roland/Browning "in his poem-writing aspect". "Childe Roland" has served as inspiration to a number of popular works of fiction, including: American author Stephen King for his The Dark Tower series of stories and novels. African-American author Countee Cullen for "From the Dark Tower" poem American author Alexander Theroux based his story "Childe Roland" on Browning's poem. Welsh science fiction author Alastair Reynolds for the "Diamond Dogs" novella. Canadian science-fiction author Gordon R. Dickson for his "Childe Cycle" series of novels. American science-fiction author Andre Norton for the fourth novel in her "Witch World" series. Elidor by English writer Alan Garner. Louise Berridge claims that Childe Roland was the inspiration behind the main character in her Chevalier series of novels.
The'Doctor Who' Twentieth Anniversary special'The Five Doctors' takes much imagery and several key phrases from the poem, cited as a source by screenwriter Terrance Dicks. British novelist A. S. Byatt for the character Roland Michell in her novel Possession: A Romance.'The Dark Tower', a radio play written by Louis MacNeice with incidental music by Benjamin Britten, first broadcast on 21 January 1946 on the BBC's Home Service. This play follows the basic theme of the original with references to the quest, the dark tower, the trumpet. A new production was broadcast live on BBC Radio 3 from Orford Church on 28 October 2017. Willa Cather's The Burglar's Christmas. In The Dark Tower by CS Lewis, a tower set in a dystopian future is named the Dark Tower after Browning's poem; this name lends itself to the unfinished manuscript, the book it was published in. In Anthony Powell's 12-part cycle A Dance to the Music of Time, the eighth novel, The Soldier's Art, takes its title from line 89 of Childe Roland.
John Connolly's novel The Book of Lost Things. Roger Zelazny's novel Sign of the Unicorn refers to the poem. Lawrence Ferlinghetti's poem I Am Waiting refers to Childe Rowland coming'to the final darkest tower'. P. G. Wodehouse's novel The Mating Season: Jeeves uses the phrase'Childe Roland to the Dark Tower came' to describe Bertie Wooster's arrival at Deverill Hall. Bertie does not understand the reference. P. G. Wodehouse's novel The Code of the Woosters: Jeeves uses the phrase'Childe Roland to the dark tower came' to describe Bertie Wooster's arrival, in this case, at Totleigh Towers. Bertie does not understand the reference in this case either. Neil Gaiman's Sandman character, Charles Rowland, one of the Dead Boy Detectives, is a reference to Childe Roland in his The Children's Crusade miniseries, which prominently features a dark tower, a motif picked up by the Books of Magic series. Characters of Philip Jose Farmer's series Riverworld quote passages of the poem and make allusions to the dark tower in their quest.
By Blood We Live, the third book in Glen Duncan's The Last Werewolf series. Susan Howe argues in My Emily Dickinson that the poem is