Yale University is a private Ivy League research university in New Haven, Connecticut. Founded in 1701, it is the third-oldest institution of higher education in the United States and one of the nine Colonial Colleges chartered before the American Revolution. Chartered by Connecticut Colony, the "Collegiate School" was established by clergy to educate Congregational ministers, it moved to New Haven in 1716 and shortly after was renamed Yale College in recognition of a gift from British East India Company governor Elihu Yale. Restricted to theology and sacred languages, the curriculum began to incorporate humanities and sciences by the time of the American Revolution. In the 19th century, the college expanded into graduate and professional instruction, awarding the first Ph. D. in the United States in 1861 and organizing as a university in 1887. Its faculty and student populations grew after 1890 with rapid expansion of the physical campus and scientific research. Yale is organized into fourteen constituent schools: the original undergraduate college, the Yale Graduate School of Arts and Sciences and twelve professional schools.
While the university is governed by the Yale Corporation, each school's faculty oversees its curriculum and degree programs. In addition to a central campus in downtown New Haven, the university owns athletic facilities in western New Haven, a campus in West Haven and forest and nature preserves throughout New England; the university's assets include an endowment valued at $29.4 billion as of October 2018, the second largest endowment of any educational institution in the world. The Yale University Library, serving all constituent schools, holds more than 15 million volumes and is the third-largest academic library in the United States. Yale College undergraduates follow a liberal arts curriculum with departmental majors and are organized into a social system of residential colleges. All members of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences—and some members of other faculties—teach undergraduate courses, more than 2,000 of which are offered annually. Students compete intercollegiately as the Yale Bulldogs in the NCAA Division I – Ivy League.
As of October 2018, 61 Nobel laureates, 5 Fields Medalists and 3 Turing award winners have been affiliated with Yale University. In addition, Yale has graduated many notable alumni, including five U. S. Presidents, 19 U. S. Supreme Court Justices, 31 living billionaires and many heads of state. Hundreds of members of Congress and many U. S. diplomats, 78 MacArthur Fellows, 247 Rhodes Scholars and 119 Marshall Scholars have been affiliated with the university. Its wealth and influence have led to Yale being reported as amoungst the most prestigious universities in the United States. Yale traces its beginnings to "An Act for Liberty to Erect a Collegiate School", passed by the General Court of the Colony of Connecticut on October 9, 1701, while meeting in New Haven; the Act was an effort to create an institution to train ministers and lay leadership for Connecticut. Soon thereafter, a group of ten Congregational ministers, Samuel Andrew, Thomas Buckingham, Israel Chauncy, Samuel Mather, Rev. James Noyes II, James Pierpont, Abraham Pierson, Noadiah Russell, Joseph Webb, Timothy Woodbridge, all alumni of Harvard, met in the study of Reverend Samuel Russell in Branford, Connecticut, to pool their books to form the school's library.
The group, led by James Pierpont, is now known as "The Founders". Known as the "Collegiate School", the institution opened in the home of its first rector, Abraham Pierson, today considered the first president of Yale. Pierson lived in Killingworth; the school moved to Saybrook and Wethersfield. In 1716, it moved to Connecticut. Meanwhile, there was a rift forming at Harvard between its sixth president, Increase Mather, the rest of the Harvard clergy, whom Mather viewed as liberal, ecclesiastically lax, overly broad in Church polity; the feud caused the Mathers to champion the success of the Collegiate School in the hope that it would maintain the Puritan religious orthodoxy in a way that Harvard had not. In 1718, at the behest of either Rector Samuel Andrew or the colony's Governor Gurdon Saltonstall, Cotton Mather contacted the successful Boston born businessman Elihu Yale to ask him for financial help in constructing a new building for the college. Through the persuasion of Jeremiah Dummer, Elihu "Eli" Yale, who had made a fortune through trade while living in Madras as a representative of the East India Company, donated nine bales of goods, which were sold for more than £560, a substantial sum at the time.
Cotton Mather suggested that the school change its name to "Yale College".. Meanwhile, a Harvard graduate working in England convinced some 180 prominent intellectuals that they should donate books to Yale; the 1714 shipment of 500 books represented the best of modern English literature, science and theology. It had a profound effect on intellectuals at Yale. Undergraduate Jonathan Edwards discovered John Locke's works and developed his original theology known as the "new divinity". In 1722 the Rector and six of his friends, who had a study group to discuss the new ideas, announced that they had given up Calvinism, become Arminians and joined the Church of England, they were returned to the colonies as missionaries for the Anglican faith. Thomas Clapp became president in 1745 and struggled to return the college to Calvinist orthodoxy, but he did not close the library. Other students found Deist books in the library. Yale was swept up by the great intellectual movements of the peri
Chanticleer is a full-time male classical vocal ensemble based in San Francisco, California. Over the last four decades, it has developed a major reputation for its interpretations of Renaissance music, but it performs a wide repertoire of jazz and other venturesome new music and is known as an "Orchestra of Voices", it was named for the "clear singing rooster" in Geoffrey Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales. Chanticleer was founded in 1978 by tenor Louis Botto, who sang with the group until 1989, served as Artistic Director until his death from AIDS in 1997; as a graduate student of musicology, Botto found that much of the medieval and Renaissance music he was studying was not being performed, because of this, he formed the group to perform this music with an all-male ensemble, as it was traditionally sung during the Renaissance. The group contained ten singers, but its size has varied from eight to twelve. Chanticleer comprises twelve men, including two basses, one baritone, three tenors, six countertenors.
The original members included Jim Armington, Ted Bakkila, Rob Bell, Louis Botto, Sanford Dole, Kevin Freeman, Tom Hart, Jonathan Klein, Neal Rogers, Marc Smith, Randall Wong, Doug Wyatt. However, only ten of the singers were available to go on tour; when the ensemble first became full-time in 1991, its members included Eric Alatorre, Frank Albinder, Kevin Baum, Mark Daniel, Kenneth Fitch, Jonathan Goodman, Tim Gibler, Joseph Jennings, Chad Runyon, Foster Sommerlad, Matthew Thompson, Philip Wilder. 1987 - Byrd: Music for a Hidden Chapel 1988 - The Anniversary Album, 1978-1988 1990 - Our Heart's Joy: A Chanticleer Christmas 1991 - Psallite! A Renaissance Christmas 1992 - Josquin: Missa Mater Patris. 2011 - For Thy Soul's Salvation 2011 - Jean-Yves Daniel-Lesur: Annunciation 2011 - Ludus Paschalis: Resurrection Play of Tours 2011 - My Chanticleer: A Collection for Chanticleer 2011 - The Boy Whose Father was God 2011 - With a Poet's Eye 2012 - Love Story 2012 - By Request 2013 - The Siren's Call 2013 - Someone New 2014 - She Said/He SaidIn May 2007, Chanticleer released "And On Earth, Peace: A Chanticleer Mass" a new mass written by five contemporary composers.
Israeli-born composer Shulamit Ran wrote the Credo to the Hebrew text "Ani Ma'amin". The Mass was premiered in performance at the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City and was followed by six performances throughout the San Francisco Bay area. On October 16, 2007, Chanticleer released "Let it Snow," the group's 29th recording. A portion of the album is accompanied by orchestra and/or big band. Frank Albinder, designed the concept and chose the repertoire for Chanticleer's Grammy Award-winning album Colors of Love Terry Barber Joel Diffendaffer Eric Alatorre Ben Jones Casey Breves Matt Alber Matt Oltman In 2000, Joseph Jennings and Chanticleer won a Grammy Award for Best Small Ensemble Performance for their work Colors of Love — Works of Thomas, Stucky and Rands. In 2003, Chanticleer won two Grammy Awards for Praises by John Tavener. In November 2007, while in its 30th Anniversary Season, Chanticleer was named Musical America's 2008 Ensemble of the year; this marks the first time. Additionally, on October 9, 2008, Chanticleer became the first vocal ensemble to be inducted into the American Classical Music Hall of Fame in Cincinnati, Ohio.
Official site Chanticleer at AllMusic
In musical choral notation, TTBB denotes a four-part men's chorus. Its configuration is Tenor 1, Tenor 2, Bass 1, Bass 2; the Tanunda Liedertafel 1861 employs this method of notation in their music. The 1st Tenor part is the melody, with the other parts as harmony. In music for barbershop quartets, which use the TTBB arrangement exclusively, the 2nd Tenor is always the melody; the Tanunda Liedertafel in parts are expressed as. The way traditional German music notation is expressed with two staves: T1 - treble clef 8va - up stem, T2 - treble clef 8va - down stem, B1 - bass clef - up stem, B2 - bass clef - down stem; this is classed as a'closed score'. The above may not be true for some written music, however writers make it is easy to see which part sings their respective pitch. For example, T1 and B1 the highest pitch on each stave. Most of the time, this occurs where T2 are singing at the same time. Sometimes the melody part is sung as a solo, with the choir singing the harmony parts
Holcombe Waller is an American composer and performance artist. He lives in Portland and has performed across the United States and Europe, both solo and with his ensemble, The Healers. Waller has self-released three albums of varying styles, his work first received international attention with his 2001 album Extravagant Gesture. The indie album was lauded by a Spin Magazine review, in REVOLVER Magazine Ann Powers wrote, "For melodic sweep, the prize goes to Holcombe Waller, whose self-released Extravagant Gesture is a small pop epic." Waller's pop influences shifted towards folk for Troubled Times. The work continued to receive broad critical attention including a positive review in Paste Magazine and a large editorial feature in BUTT Magazine. Since Troubled Times, Waller has focused on commissions for multidisciplinary performance, dance scores and film scores, he has completed "Into the Dark Unknown," an album of music from his touring theatrical folk concert by the same name. The album has posted for public release February 15, 2011.
Waller was born Michael Sagalowicz in California. He lived in Palo Alto until the age of 18, when he moved to Los Angeles to record a solo album, never released, with a now-defunct upstart label. At 19, he moved to Connecticut as an undergraduate student at Yale University. There he produced work for various artists and bands, casually picked up guitar, he was a member of and musical director of The Duke's Men of Yale for three years, contributing numerous arrangements. Waller produced and mixed two albums for Project Nim, a band that included fellow Yalie Bryce Dessner as well as Aaron Dessner and Bryan Devendorf, all now members of The National. Waller recorded and mixed fellow Yalie Mia Doi Todd's album Come Out of Your Mine in 1997 in Dwight Chapel on Yale Campus, where he held his first public performance with guitar and vocals in the Spring of 1998; that year Waller began recording for Advertising Space. The sessions included Aaron on bass and Bryan on drums. Waller graduated from Yale with a degree in Art, specializing in video installation, moved back to his home state of California, settling in San Francisco.
Waller self-released Advertising Space in 1999 on his imprint, Napoleon Records. Though only locally promoted, the album was picked up by Hear Music and editorially featured in all of their stores. From 2000 to 2004, Waller worked in the information technology department of an internet hosting company, which allowed him to fund his next two albums. Extravagant Gesture featured Bryce Dessner on guitars, was picked up by Redeye Distribution in the United States. Troubled Times represented an artistic shift towards a more folk-oriented orchestration, it was recorded in collaboration with college friend and multi-instrumentalist Ben Landsverk and features a guest performance by Mia Doi Todd. By 2005, Waller had left his job and moved to Portland, Oregon with the intention of becoming a full-time musician and artist. Upon arriving in Portland in 2005, Waller's trajectory shifted towards multidisciplinary performance, he was cast in One, an original musical by Wade McCollum, Tao Soup, a multidisciplinary ensemble piece by Scott Kelman.
In 2006, Waller began integrating his experiences in theater, video installation and music with a piece titled Mihael Sagalovesky and the Tragic Torments of Patty Heart Townes. The work featured 6 Patty Griffin songs and 6 Townes Van Zandt songs arranged to represent a broad narrative arch of dissolution and redemption; the work toured to New York and Philadelphia. In 2008, Waller was commissioned by the Portland Institute for Contemporary Art and On the Boards of Seattle to create his theatrical folk concert, Into the Dark Unknown: The Hope Chest; the work integrated aspects of video installation and folk concert. The work was supported by the Rockefeller Foundation's prestigious MAP Fund and toured to the New York Public Theater, Seattle’s On the Boards, PuSh International Performing Arts Festival, Yerba Buena Center for the Arts, the Queer Zagreb Festival, among others. An album of music from the show features The Healers, as well as drummer Danny Seim; the album was funded by a Kickstarter campaign in the Spring of 2010, is scheduled for release Winter 2011.
In the Fall of 2009, Waller was a Visiting Artist Lecturer in the Department of Theater, Performance Studies and Dance at the University of California, where he taught the seminar Contemporary Song-based Performance Art. Winter 2010, Waller launched the development of a new multidisciplinary performance titled "Surfacing," commissioned with the National Performance Network by OutNorth and Helena Presents. Waller has created two collaborative performances with Joe Goode Performance Group: "Small Experiments in Song and Dance," which premiered in January 2009 at the Brava Theater in San Francisco, "Dead Boys," a musical which premiered at the Zellerbach Playhouse at U. C. Berkeley in October 2009. Waller worked with Zoe Scofield, the Seattle-based choreographer of Zoe|Juniper, scoring music for her performance Old Girl, commissioned by the Spectrum Dance Theater of Seattle in October 2008. Waller has scored the film, "We Were Here: Voices from the AIDS Years in San Francisco," by David Weissman and Bill Weber.
Holcombe Waller's Trouble Times - popmatters.com retrieved 4th May 2010 Into the Dark Unknown: The Hope - sfweekly retrieved 4th May 2010 Holcombe Waller at Dead Boys sfbg.com Interview at East Village Boys retrieved 4th March 2011
CBS News Sunday Morning
CBS News Sunday Morning is an American newsmagazine television program that has aired on CBS since January 28, 1979. Created by Robert Northshield and original host Charles Kuralt, the 90-minute program airs Sundays from 9:00 to 10:30 a.m. Eastern, Pacific Time from 7:00 to 8:30 a.m. and 8:00 to 9:30 a.m. in all other time zones. Since October 9, 2016, the show has been hosted by Jane Pauley, who hosts news segments, after the retirement of long-term host Charles Osgood. Osgood was the host for twenty-two years, taking over from Kuralt on April 10, 1994; the program was conceived to be a broadcast version of a Sunday newspaper magazine supplement, most typified by the Sunday New York Times Magazine. The format was conceived as the Sunday equivalent of the CBS Morning News, which following Sunday Morning's debut was retitled to reflect each day of the week; the weekday broadcasts, which emphasized hard news as opposed to Sunday Morning's focus on feature stories, were anchored by Bob Schieffer.
However, the weekday program's then-limited 7:00 to 8:00 a.m. Eastern air time hampered its ability to compete with NBC and ABC's rival two-hour morning shows Today and Good Morning America, though it expanded to 90 minutes in 1981 and was renamed Morning. In 1982, the weekday version was extended to a full two hours and restored its previous CBS Morning News title to be replaced by short-lived The Morning Program in 1987; the Sunday version, however and retains its original format. Long after the daily editions ended, the Sunday edition's opening sequence continued to display all seven days of the week until the early 2000s. On January 25, 2004, CBS News Sunday Morning celebrated its 25th anniversary with clips and highlights from the show's first quarter-century on the air. Host Charles Osgood showed clips from former host Charles Kuralt; the February 1, 2009 broadcast celebrated Sunday Morning's 30th anniversary. Segments examined how the world has changed in the three decades since the program began, the history of Sundays in America and – as a tie-in to the show's logo – the physics of the sun.
An artist was commissioned to create new sun logos for the program, which debuted on that edition and were used in future broadcasts. CBS News correspondent Steve Hartman periodically revisits some of Charles Kuralt's memorable personal profiles. On May 17, 2009, CBS News Sunday Morning began broadcasting in high-definition. In 2014, rebroadcasts of the program began airing on sister cable network Smithsonian Channel, but has since been pulled from that channel's programming; each edition begins with a short summary of national and international news headlines, sports and a national weather forecast – which unlike most morning news programs, does not cue to affiliates to run a local weather insert. It follows a story totem pole in the center of the CBS soundstage, with previews of featured stories set to air during the broadcast being shown prior to the news summary; each story covered in a given episode has a glass plate with its headline on this pole, which the camera follows after Pauley's introductions.
Music in the show is limited to the opening and closing title theme. Pauley introduces each story with a short monologue sends the show out to the taped segment; the show ends with a preview of the guests and topics to air on that week's Face the Nation, followed by a preview of next week's Sunday Morning broadcast. After the commercial break, there is a 60-second tranquil nature scene. Notably, Sunday Morning includes significant coverage of the fine and performing arts, including coverage of topics not covered in network news, such as architecture, ballet and classical music, though more popular forms of music have been included as well; the program's correspondents tend to ask nontraditional questions of guests. Television essays similar to the kinds delivered on PBS appear, the program has a stable of positive and negative news stories to fill up the program when there is no breaking news of note. Story lengths are longer and the pace of the program is quieter and more relaxed than the Monday through Saturday CBS This Morning program.
Commentators Ben Stein and Nancy Giles appear in recurring segments, delivering their opinion, correspondent Bill Geist contributes human interest stories. The program ends with a nature scene, not given a formal title for most of the program's history, but since entitled "Moment of Nature" as it is now a sponsored element. Despite the stereotype of the program appealing to senior citizens, Sunday Morning placed first in its time slot in the key demographic of adults 25–54, beating all of the political discussion-driven Sunday morning talk shows; the Sunday Morning Experience is a podcast from the younger fan perspective hosted by married
Richard Brookhiser is an American journalist and historian. He is a senior editor at National Review, he is most known for a series of biographies of America's founders, including Alexander Hamilton, Gouverneur Morris, George Washington. Brookhiser was born in a suburb north of Rochester, New York, his father worked for Eastman Kodak in Rochester and was a lieutenant in the Army Air Corps during World War II. He has written books that deal either with the nation's founding, or the principles of America's founders, including What Would the Founders Do?, a book describing how the founding fathers would approach topical issues that generate controversy in modern-day America. Brookhiser began writing for National Review in 1970. "My first article, on antiwar protests in my high school, was a cover story in National Review in 1970, when I was 15." He earned an A. B. degree at Yale, where he was active in the Yale Political Union as a member and sometime Chairman of the Party of the Right. In his freshman year he took a class on Thomas Jefferson taught by Garry Wills.
Although admitted to Yale Law School, Brookhiser went to work full-time for National Review in 1977. He was selected as the successor to the magazine's founder, William F. Buckley, until Buckley changed his mind. For a short time he wrote speeches for Vice President George H. W. Bush, he has written for a variety of newspapers. Brookhiser's work has appeared in the "Talk of the Town" section of The New Yorker magazine as well as in The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, The Atlantic Monthly and Vanity Fair. In 1987 he began a column for The New York Observer which he wrote until 2007. Brookhiser both wrote and hosted the documentary films Rediscovering George Washington, by Michael Pack, broadcast on PBS on July 4, 2002, Rediscovering Alexander Hamilton by Pack, broadcast on PBS on April 11, 2011, his book Alexander Hamilton, American led to the "Alexander Hamilton: The Man Who Made Modern America" exhibition at The New-York Historical Society, exhibition for which he was the historian curator.
He received an honorary doctorate degree in 2005 from Washington College. In 2008, President George W. Bush awarded Brookhiser the National Humanities Medal in a White House ceremony. Brookhiser became ill with testicular cancer in 1992 and smoked marijuana to alleviate nausea from chemotherapy."Because of the marijuana, my last two courses of chemotherapy were nausea-free", he said in 1996. "My cancer is gone now, I was lucky."On March 6, 1996, he testified before a congressional committee about using marijuana, urging the committee members to support decriminalization of marijuana for medical purposes."My support for medical marijuana is not a contradiction of my principles, but an extension of them", Brookhiser told the House Judiciary Committee's Subcommittee on Crime. "I am for order. But crime has to be fought intelligently and the law disgraces itself when it harasses the sick. I am for traditional virtues, but if carrying your beliefs to unjust ends is not moral, it is philistine." He lives in Manhattan with his wife, Jeanne Safer, a psychotherapist and author, most of The Normal One.
They have a home in Ulster County in the Catskills. They married September 12, 1980. John Marshall: The Man Who Made the Supreme Court, 324 pages ISBN 9780465096220 Founders' Son: A Life of Abraham Lincoln, 376 pages ISBN 9780465032945 James Madison, 304 pages ISBN 0-465-01983-8 Right Time, Right Place: Coming of Age with William F. Buckley Jr. and the Conservative Movement, 272 pages ISBN 978-0-465-01355-5 George Washington on Leadership, 269 pages ISBN 978-0-465-00302-0 What Would the Founders Do?: Our Questions, Their Answers, 261 pages ISBN 0-465-00819-4 Contents links. Gentleman Revolutionary: Gouverneur Morris, the Rake Who Wrote the Constitution, 272 pages ISBN 0-7432-2379-9 Rules of Civility: The 110 Precepts That Guided Our First President in War and Peace, 90 pages ISBN 0-8139-2218-6 America's First Dynasty: The Adamses, 1735—1918, 256 pages ISBN 0-684-86881-4 George Washington: A National Treasure, 104 pages ISBN 0-295-98236-5 Fighting the Good Fight: A History of the New York Conservative Party, 434 pages ISBN 1-58731-251-4 Patriot Sage: George Washington and the American Political Tradition, editors Gary L. Gregg, Matthew Spalding, William J. Bennett, 355 pages ISBN 1-882926-38-2 Alexander Hamilton, American, 240 pages ISBN 0-684-83919-9 Founding Father: Rediscovering George Washington, 240 pages ISBN 0-684-82291-1 Way of the Wasp: How It Made America, How It Can Save It, So to Speak, 171 pages ISBN 0-02-904721-8 The Outside Story ISBN 0-385-19679-2 Personal website Richard Brookhiser On George Washington, transcript of conversation with David Gergen "Hamilton, Our Founder" by Richard Brookhiser, City Journal quarterly, summer 2004 Appearances on C-SPAN Booknotes interview with Brookhiser on The Way of the WASP, March 224, 1991.
In Depth interview with Brookheiser, October 7, 2001 In Depth interview with Brookheiser, April 1, 2012
David Geffen Hall
David Geffen Hall is a concert hall in New York City's Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts complex on Manhattan's Upper West Side. The 2,738 seat auditorium opened in 1962, is the home of the New York Philharmonic; the facility, designed by Max Abramovitz, was named Philharmonic Hall and was renamed Avery Fisher Hall in honor of philanthropist Avery Fisher, who donated $10.5 million to the orchestra in 1973. In November 2014, Lincoln Center officials announced Fisher's name would be removed from the Hall so that naming rights could be sold to the highest bidder as part of a $500 million fund-raising campaign to refurbish the Hall. In 2015, the hall was renamed David Geffen Hall after Geffen donated $100 million to the Lincoln Center; the hall underwent renovations in 1976 to address acoustical problems that had existed since it opened. Another smaller renovation attempted to address unresolved problems in 1992. Both projects achieved limited success. In May 2004, the orchestra announced that the building would undergo renovations in 2009, but in June 2006, The New York Times reported that the construction had been delayed until the summer of 2010.
By 2012, it became clear that construction would not start before 2017. The shell of the building will be left intact and work will focus on improving the hall's acoustics, modernizing patron amenities and reconfiguring the auditorium. On November 13, 2014, Lincoln Center officials announced their intention to remove Avery Fisher's name from the Hall and sell naming rights to the highest bidder as part of a $500 million fund-raising campaign for its refurbishment. Lincoln Center chairwoman Katherine Farley said, "It will be an opportunity for a major name on a great New York jewel." Fisher's three children agreed to the deal for $15 million. On October 3, 2017, it was announced. Architects hired the acoustical consulting division of Bolt and Newman to design the original interior acoustics for the hall, their acousticians recommended a 2,400 seat "shoebox" design with narrowly spaced parallel sides. Lincoln Center officials agreed with the recommendation, BBN provided a series of design specifications and recommendations.
However, the New York Herald Tribune began a campaign to increase the seating capacity of the new hall and late in the design stage it was expanded to accommodate the critics' desires, invalidating much of BBN's acoustical work. BBN engineers told Lincoln Center management the hall would sound different from their initial intent, but they could not predict what the changes would do; the first of Lincoln Center's buildings to be completed, Philharmonic Hall opened September 23, 1962, to mixed reviews. The concert, featuring Leonard Bernstein, the New York Philharmonic, a host of operatic stars such as Eileen Farrell and Robert Merrill, was televised live on CBS; the opening week of concerts included performances by a specially invited list of guest orchestras, who appeared at Carnegie Hall each season, as well as the new hall's resident ensemble. Several reporters panned the hall. While the initial intention had been that Philharmonic Hall would replace Carnegie Hall, which could be demolished, that scenario did not take place.
Management made several attempts to remedy the induced acoustical problems, with little success, leading to a substantial 1970s renovation designed by acoustician Cyril Harris in conjunction with project architect Philip Johnson. It included demolishing the hall's interior, selling its pipe organ to California's Crystal Cathedral, rebuilding a new auditorium within the outer framework and facade. While initial reaction to the improvements was favorable and some advocates remained steadfast, overall feelings about the new hall's sound soured and acoustics there continued to be problematic. One assessment by Robert C. Ehle stated: The seating capacity is large and the sidewalls are too far apart to provide early reflections to the center seats; the ceiling is high to increase reverberation time but the clouds are too high to reinforce early reflections adequately. The bass is weak because the large stage does not adequately reinforce the low string instruments. In 1992, under the tenure of Kurt Masur with the New York Philharmonic, several solid maple wood convex surfaces were installed on the side walls and suspended from the ceiling of the stage to improve acoustics.
The maple was specially selected to minimize its grain pattern. The new components are filled with fiberglass to deaden vibrations; the ongoing problems with the hall's acoustics led the New York Philharmonic to consider a merger with Carnegie Hall in 2003, which would have returned the Philharmonic to Carnegie Hall for most of its concerts each season. However, both sides abandoned talks after four months. Beginning in 2005, the Mostly Mozart Festival has experimented with extending the stage for the Mostly Mozart orchestra farther out into the seats from the main stage for the Festival's summer season. David Geffen Hall is used today for both musical and non-musical; as part of its Great Performers series, Lincoln Center presents visiting orchestras in David Geffen Hall, such as the London Symphony Orchestra, the Singapore Symphony Orchestra, the Rotterdam Philharmonic Orchestra, the Kirov Orchestra of the Mariinsky Theatre. The PBS series Live from Lincoln Center features performances from the Hall.
An early television concert from Philharmonic Hall featured Leonard Bernstein and the New York Philharmonic in one of their Young People's Concerts