Andrey Ivanovich Krasko was a Russian theatre and cinema actor. Andrey Krasko first experienced theatrical production as a child at the Theater of Youth Creativity directed by Matvey Dubrovin. Son of Russian actor Ivan I. Krasko. 1979 — Personal meeting 1986 — Breakthrough 1988 — Fountain 1989 — Dogs 1989 — Don César de Bazan 1991 — Loch. The winner of the water 1991 — Afghan Breakdown 1993 — The White Horse 1996 — Operation Happy New Year 1997 — Brother 1998 — Peculiarities of the National Fishing 1998 — National Security Agent 2000 — Peculiarities of the National Hunt in Winter Season 2001 — Sisters 2002 — Tycoon 2003 — Lines of Fate 2004 — 72 Meters 2004 — Goddess: How I fell in Love 2005 — Brezhnev 2005 — The Fall of the Empire 2005 — Yesenin 2005 — The 9th Company 2005 — Dead Man's Bluff 2005 — Graveyard Shift 2005 — Doctor Zhivago 2005 — The Turkish Gambit 2006 — The Orange Sky 2006 — Piter FM 2006 — Bastards 2006 — U. E. 2007 — Liquidation 2007 — I’m Staying Andrey Krasko on IMDb
Leonid Kannegisser was a Russian poet and military cadet, known for assassinating Moisei Uritsky, chief of the Cheka in Petrograd, on 17 August 1918. Leonid Kannegisser was born in March 1896 in Russian Empire, into a wealthy Jewish family, his father, Akim Kannegisser, was a mechanical engineer and the head of Russia's largest shipyards, the Black Sea Shipyard, his mother was a doctor. Kannegisser graduated from a private school and in 1913 became a military cadet in the Mikhailov Artillery School of the Imperial Russian Army. Kannegisser studied economics from 1915 to 1917 at the Petrograd Polytechnic Institute and was a member of Popular Socialists, a moderate left-wing anti-Communist political party. On the night of 25 to 26 October 1917, during the October Revolution and several other cadets defended the Provisional Government at the Winter Palace. On 30 August 1918 around nine o’clock, wearing a leather jacket and an officers cap, turned up at the People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs, left his bicycle by the door and entered the building.
Uritsky arrived in his car at around ten o’clock, a few moments he was fatally shot in his head and body by Kannegisser. After shooting Uritsky, he ran out into the street and tried to escape on his bicycle, riding but was chased by a car, he ran into the British embassy. Kannegisser left the embassy after having donned a longcoat and opened fire on Red Guards but he was arrested. Kannegisser was tortured, he was executed shortly afterwards in Petrograd. Following his arrest, the Bolshevik authorities arrested several members of his family and friends. After being released, his parents emigrated to Warsaw. Kannegisser was part of a clandestine anti-Bolshevik group led by his cousin, Maximilian Filonenko, who had close links with Boris Savinkov, who gave the order to assassinate Uritsky. Viktor Pereltsveig, an army officer lover, was executed with a group of officers by the Cheka in the summer of 1918. Kannegisser decided to take revenge by killing Uritsky. From childhood Kannegisser was a friend of Sergei Yesenin.
He hosted in his house many literary meetings, where Marina Tsvetaeva, Osip Mandelshtam and others presented their poetry. His poems were posthumously published by Mark Aldanov in Paris in 1928. A major part of Kannegisser's literary heritage is preserved in the closed files of the Central Government Archives of Literature and Art in Moscow
Nina Nikolaevna Usatova is a Soviet and Russian film and stage actress, People's Artist of Russia. She graduated from high school number 30 in Kurgan. From 1969 to 1973, she tried to enter the Boris Shchukin Theatre Institute at the Vakhtangov Theater. Worked again at cloth factory Red October in Borovsk Kaluga region, as director for the House of Culture and was preparing for the entrance exams. In 1974 she entered the directing faculty Boris Shchukin Theatre Institute, graduated in 1979. After finishing her studies in 1979, Nina went to practice in the city of Kotlas, Arkhangelsk Oblast, she played in the local theater twelve roles. At this time, opened in Leningrad Youth Theatre on the Fontanka, in 1980, the aspiring actress went there. Played in the performances of Vladimir Malyshitsky and Efim Padve. In 1989, Nina Usatova joined the troupe of the Leningrad Academic Bolshoi Drama Theater named after M. Gorky, now the Tovstonogov Bolshoi Drama Theater; the actress made her film debut in 1981, her first role was in the TV movie Where did Fomenko?.
Fame came after the role of the dumb in the film Cold Summer of 1953. In 1995, Nina Usatova participated in a series of television commercials under the general title of the Russian project; the actress played a provincial woman who arrived in Moscow and saw her son in the honor guard on Red Square. The phrase "Dima, wave your hand to my mother" became popular, her husband is Yury Guriev -- actor. The son — Nikolay was born in 1987. Medal of the Order "For Merit to the Fatherland" II degree - for outstanding contribution to the development of domestic theatrical art and many years of fruitful activity' Medal of Pushkin People's Artist of Russia — for his great contribution in the field of theatrical art Laureate of the State Prize of the Russian Federation Nika Award in the nomination Best Actress Winner of the Juno Golden Eagle Award in the category Best Actress The winner of the festival of actors movie Constellation Winner of the Golden Aries The winner of the festival of orthodox films Golden Knight The winner of the festival Kinotavr Winner of the IV All-Russian film festival Vivat, Russian Cinema 1981 — Where did Fomenko?
1982 — Golos 1984 — My Friend Ivan Lapshin 1985 — Feat of Odessa 1987 — Bayka 1987 — Proshchay, shpana zamoskvoretskaya... 1987 — Cold Summer of 1953 1988 — Fountain 1991 — The Chekist 1992 — See Paris and Die 1993 — Window to Paris 1995 — Arrival of a Train 1995 — A Moslem 1995 — The Fatal Eggs 1996 — Russian project 1997 — Americanka 1999 — The Admirer 1999 — Women's Property 1999 — Quadrille 1999 — Barack 1999 — Strastnoy Boulevard 2001 — Next 2001 — Savage 2002 — Law 2002 — Beyond the wolves 2002 — Caucasian Roulette 2003 — Peculiarities of National Politics 2004 — Poor Nastya 2005 — The Twelve Chairs 2005 — The Fall of the Empire 2005 — The Case of "Dead Souls" 2005 — The Master and Margarita 2006 — Soviet Park 2006 — The Island 2006 — Wolfhound 2008 — Kings Can Do Everything 2009 — God's Smile or The Odessa Story 2009 — Soundtrack of Passion 2009 — Pelagia and the White Bulldog 2009 — The Priest 2010 — Widow steamer 2011 — Furtseva 2013 — Legend № 17 2013 — The village 2016 — Flight Crew Nina Usatova on IMDb
Daniel Marcel Olbrychski is a Polish actor best known for leading roles in several Andrzej Wajda movies and known for playing a defector and spymaster Vassily Orlov, alongside Hollywood actress Angelina Jolie in the movie Salt. Olbrychski was born in 1945 in Poland to father Franciszek and mother Klementyna, he attended. Stefana Batorego. In 1971 he won the award for Best Actor at the 7th Moscow International Film Festival for his role in The Birch Wood, he played one of the leading roles in Volker Schlöndorff's film The Tin Drum based on Günter Grass's novel Die Blechtrommel. He appeared in one of the ten short films in Krzysztof Kieślowski's Dekalog and had a small role in the film adaptation of The Unbearable Lightness of Being. In 1986 Olbrychski received the French Legion of Honor. In 2007 he received the Stanislavsky Award at the 29th Moscow International Film Festival for the outstanding achievement in the career of acting and devotion to the principles of Stanislavsky's school. In addition to acting, Olbrychski has been well known for his abilities as an athlete.
A keen horse-rider, a boxer and able with the sabre, Olbrychski performed most of the stunt scenes in his movies. He is the father of two sons, Rafał Olbrychski by Monika Dzienisiewicz-Olbrychska, Viktor by German actress Barbara Sukowa, he has a daughter named Weronika by Zuzanna Łapicka-Olbrychska, daughter of Andrzej Łapicki. He was selected to be on the jury for the Cinéfondation and short films sections of the 2015 Cannes Film Festival. Cars franchise as Doc Hudson Arthur and the Invisibles series as Maltazard 2006: Heroes of Might and Magic V as Markal 2008: Fly Me to the Moon as Amos 2008: Asterix at the Olympic Games as Julius Caesar 2008: Assassin’s Creed as al-Mualim 2010: ModNation Racers as Chief 2011: Red Orchestra 2: Heroes of Stalingrad as Vasily Ivanovich Chuikov 2013: The dream Off Penderecki as the Polish lector together with Derek Jacobi, Józef Skrzek, Jaroslaw Pijarowski in the music show by Teatr Tworzenia Theater of Creation edited and published by Brain Active Records in celebration of the 80th birthday of the great contemporary composer - Krzysztof Penderecki The Zbigniew Cybulski Award, Poland Golden Cross of Merit, Poland Legion of Honour, France Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, France Commander's Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta, Poland The Actor’s Mission Award at the International Film Festival Art Film in Trenčianske Teplice, Slovakia Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, Germany Golden Medal for Merit to Culture - Gloria Artis, Poland Medal of Pushkin, Russia Krystian Award for Contribution to World Cinema at the Prague International Film Festival - Febiofest, Czech Republic Konstantin Stanislavsky Award at the 29th International Moscow Film Festival, Russia Golden Duck Award, Poland Best Actor Award for Outstanding Contribution to Cinematography at the 20th The International Film Festival of the Art of Cinematography Camerimage, Poland Honorary Degree at the University of Opole, Poland Honorary Citizen of the Capital City of Warsaw, Poland Daniel Olbrychski on IMDb Daniel Olbrychski at culture.pl
Konstantin Yurievich Khabensky, PAR is a Russian actor of stage and film and philanthropist. From 1997 he was part of the Saint Petersburg Lensoviet Theatre cast until 2000, after which he transferred to the Moscow Art Theatre in 2002 where he is still active. Khabensky's first lead roles in cinema were in the film In Motion. Among the Russian audience he gained recognition with the TV series Deadly Force, while his international breakthrough came with the films Night Watch and Day Watch as the protagonist, Anton Gorodetsky. Other notable films with him in the lead role include Poor Relatives, The Irony of Fate 2, Collector, TV series Pyotr Leschenko. Everything That Was... The Method and Trotsky. One of the most acclaimed actors in Russia, Khabensky has earned numerous awards, including two Nika Awards for The Admiral and The Geographer Drank His Globe Away, he has won three Golden Eagle Awards for Best Actor, three Kinotavr Awards and the Russian Guild of Film Critics Award. Based on the data of the website KinoPoisk, Konstantin Khabensky was declared to be the most popular actor in Russia in the first 15 years of the 21st century.
Khabensky made his directorial debut in 2018 with the Holocaust drama Sobibor where he played the role of Alexander Pechersky. Alongside his work in cinema, Khabensky is a philanthropist, in 2008 he established the Konstantin Khabensky Charitable Foundation which provides assistance to children with oncological and other serious brain afflictions. Konstantin Khabensky was born in Leningrad to Yuri Aronovich Khabensky and Tatiana Gennadievna Khabenskaya. Both of his parents were engineers, his mother worked as a mathematics teacher, he has Natalia Khabenskaya. In 1981, he together with his family moved to Nizhnevartovsk, where Konstantin lived over the period of four years. In 1985 the family returned to Leningrad. After finishing eight classes of secondary school No. 486, Konstantin entered the Technical College of Aviation Instrument Engineering and Automation, but after studying there for three years he realized that this profession was not for him. He tried many jobs including as a janitor, street musician, was hired as a lighting technician at the theatre studio "Subbota" where he performed for the first time.
In 1990 Khabensky entered the Leningrad State Institute of Theatre and Cinema, where his classmates were Mikhail Porechenkov, Andrei Zibrov and Mikhail Trukhin. For the final exam Konstantin performed as Estragon in the play Waiting for Godot by Samuel Beckett, his graduation was in 1995. Khabensky's cinematic debut was in the 1994 comedy film To whom will God send where he appeared in a minor role of a pedestrian. In 1995, after graduating from the Russian State Institute of Performing Arts, Konstantin worked at the Perekriostok Experimental Theater where he served for one year. At the same time he acted in the Lensoviet Theatre in Saint Petersburg. Konstantin Khabensky moved to Moscow in 1996 to become a stage actor in Satyricon Theatre where he performed in background roles, he returned to the Saint Petersburg Lensoviet Theatre. Between 1995–1996, he worked as presenter of regional TV in the department of music and information programs. In 1998, he acted in three pictures at once. In the satiric romantic drama directed by Dmitry Meskhiev, Women's Property, Khabensky played the lead role of Andrei Kalinin, a young aspiring actor who decides to seduce the aging actress and professor of a teaching institute Elizaveta Kaminskaya, played by Yelena Safonova.
For the role he received the Best Male Actor award at the Gatchina Literature and Cinema Film Festival. Khabensky starred in the Russian-Hungarian criminal fantasy melodrama of Tomas Toth Natasha and had an uncredited role of a musician in the social drama of Aleksei German, Khrustalyov, My Car!. The actor said; the role in Natasha went to the actor after a meeting with the Hungarian director Tomas Toth. "We talked, recalls Konstantin, he asked: "Will you act?" - I said: "I will!" We drank vodka. And so began work in the cinema." He was cast in the picture Women's Property in a similar way. The actor recalls: "I go downstairs to the studio, some man rises up, comes across and looks at me: "Somehow I do not know you!" - I answer: "I do not know you either!" - and we parted. And people came up to me and said that it was director Dima Meskhiev and that I was approved for the role in his new film Women's Property; the following year, Konstantin played a small role in Nikolai Lebedev's thriller The Admirer.
The next notable work in the cinema was the main role in the drama of Vladimir Fokin's House for the Rich. Next year he played in another film by comedy-drama Mechanical Suite. Khabensky received wide recognition among Russian television viewers after he was cast as investigator Igor Plakhov in the crime procedural comedy-drama series Deadly Force. Another important role was of Sasha Guriev in the picture In Motion, directorial debut of Filipp Yankovsky; the film was about a successful and charming journalist who realizes that he has found compromising evidence on his politician friend. For the role he received the Best Male Actor award at the Russian Cinema festival. In 2003 he played musician Kostya, similar in looks to John Lennon, in the television series Lines of Fate directed by Dmitry Meskhiev. In the same year, he had the supporting role of journalist Gosha in comedy Peculiarities of National Politics by the aforementioned director. Since 20
The Russo-Japanese War was fought during 1904-1905 between the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan over rival imperial ambitions in Manchuria and Korea. The major theatres of operations were the Liaodong Peninsula and Mukden in Southern Manchuria and the seas around Korea and the Yellow Sea. Russia sought a warm-water port on the Pacific Ocean for maritime trade. Vladivostok was operational only during the summer, whereas Port Arthur, a naval base in Liaodong Province leased to Russia by China, was operational all year. Since the end of the First Sino-Japanese War in 1895, Japan feared Russian encroachment on its plans to create a sphere of influence in Korea and Manchuria. Russia had demonstrated an expansionist policy in the Siberian Far East from the reign of Ivan the Terrible in the 16th century. Seeing Russia as a rival, Japan offered to recognize Russian dominance in Manchuria in exchange for recognition of Korea as being within the Japanese sphere of influence. Russia refused and demanded Korea north of the 39th parallel to be a neutral buffer zone between Russia and Japan.
The Japanese government perceived a Russian threat to its plans for expansion into Asia and chose to go to war. After negotiations broke down in 1904, the Japanese Navy opened hostilities by attacking the Russian Eastern Fleet at Port Arthur, China, in a surprise attack. Russia suffered multiple defeats by Japan, but Tsar Nicholas II was convinced that Russia would win and chose to remain engaged in the war. Russia ignored Japan's willingness early on to agree to an armistice and rejected the idea to bring the dispute to the Arbitration Court at The Hague; the war concluded with the Treaty of Portsmouth, mediated by US President Theodore Roosevelt. The complete victory of the Japanese military surprised world observers; the consequences transformed the balance of power in East Asia, resulting in a reassessment of Japan's recent entry onto the world stage. It was the first major military victory in the modern era of an Asian power over a European one. Scholars continue to debate the historical significance of the war.
After the Meiji Restoration in 1868, the Meiji government endeavored to assimilate Western ideas, technological advances and ways of warfare. By the late 19th century, Japan had transformed itself into a modernized industrial state; the Japanese wanted to be recognized as equal with the Western powers. The Meiji Restoration had been intended to make Japan a modernized state, not a Westernized one, Japan was an imperialist power, looking towards overseas expansionism. In the years 1869–73, the Seikanron had bitterly divided the Japanese elite between one faction that wanted to conquer Korea vs. another that wanted to wait until Japan was more modernized before embarking on a war to conquer Korea. Worse, the Western Powers were conquering small pieces of China and China had dominated Korea with its military for centuries; the Japanese were doing what they could to emulate the West in every way possible, including conqering and occupying its neighbors. In much the same way that Europeans used the "backwardness" of African and Asian nations as a reason for why they had to conquer them, for the Japanese elite the "backwardness" of China and Korea was proof of the inferiority of those nations, thus giving the Japanese the "right" to conquer them.
Inouye Kaoru, the Foreign Minister, gave a speech in 1887 saying "What we must do is to transform our empire and our people, make the empire like the countries of Europe and our people like the peoples of Europe", going to say that the Chinese and Koreans had forfeited their right to be independent by not modernizing. Much of the pressure for an aggressive foreign policy in Japan came from below, with the advocates of "people's rights" movement calling for an elected parliament favoring an ultra-nationalist line that took it for granted the Japanese had the "right" to annex Korea, as the "people's right" movement was led by those who favored invading Korea in the years 1869–73; as part of the modernization process in Japan, Social Darwinian ideas about the "survival of the fittest" were common in Japan from the 1880s onward and many ordinary Japanese resented the heavy taxes imposed by the government to modernize Japan, demanding something tangible like an overseas colony as a reward for their sacrifices.
Furthermore, the educational system of Meiji Japan was meant to train the schoolboys to be soldiers when they grew up, as such, Japanese schools indoctrinated their students into Bushidō, the fierce code of the samurai. Having indoctrinated the younger generations into Bushidō, the Meiji elite found themselves faced with a people who clamored for war, regarded diplomacy as a weakness; the British Japanologist Richard Storry wrote the biggest misconception about Japan in the West was that the Japanese people were the "docile" instruments of the elite, when in fact much of the pressure for Japan's wars from 1894 to 1941 came from below, as ordinary people demanded a "tough" foreign policy, tended to engage in riots and assassination when foreign policy was perceived to be pusillanimous. Though the Meiji oligarchy refused to allow democracy, they did seek to appropriate some of the demands of the "people's rights" movement by allowing an elected Diet in 1890 (with limited powers and an equally
The Russian Empire known as Imperial Russia or Russia, was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917. The third largest empire in world history, at its greatest extent stretching over three continents, Europe and North America, the Russian Empire was surpassed in landmass only by the British and Mongol empires; the rise of the Russian Empire coincided with the decline of neighboring rival powers: the Golden Horde, the Swedish Empire, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and the Ottoman Empire. It played a major role in 1812–1814 in defeating Napoleon's ambitions to control Europe and expanded to the west and south; the House of Romanov ruled the Russian Empire from 1721 until 1762, its matrilineal branch of patrilineal German descent the House of Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov ruled from 1762. At the beginning of the 19th century, the Russian Empire extended from the Arctic Ocean in the north to the Black Sea in the south, from the Baltic Sea on the west to the Pacific Ocean, into Alaska and Northern California in America on the east.
With 125.6 million subjects registered by the 1897 census, it had the third-largest population in the world at the time, after Qing China and India. Like all empires, it included a large disparity in terms of economics and religion. There were numerous dissident elements. Economically, the empire had a predominantly agricultural base, with low productivity on large estates worked by serfs, Russian peasants; the economy industrialized with the help of foreign investments in railways and factories. The land was ruled by a nobility from the 10th through the 17th centuries, subsequently by an emperor. Tsar Ivan III laid the groundwork for the empire that emerged, he tripled the territory of his state, ended the dominance of the Golden Horde, renovated the Moscow Kremlin, laid the foundations of the Russian state. Emperor Peter the Great fought numerous wars and expanded an huge empire into a major European power, he moved the capital from Moscow to the new model city of St. Petersburg, led a cultural revolution that replaced some of the traditionalist and medieval social and political mores with a modern, Europe-oriented, rationalist system.
Empress Catherine the Great presided over a golden age. Emperor Alexander II promoted numerous reforms, most the emancipation of all 23 million serfs in 1861, his policy in Eastern Europe involved protecting the Orthodox Christians under the rule of the Ottoman Empire. That connection by 1914 led to Russia's entry into the First World War on the side of France, the United Kingdom, Serbia, against the German and Ottoman empires; the Russian Empire functioned as an absolute monarchy on principles of Orthodoxy and Nationality until the Revolution of 1905 and became a de jure constitutional monarchy. The empire collapsed during the February Revolution of 1917 as a result of massive failures in its participation in the First World War. Though the Empire was only proclaimed by Tsar Peter I following the Treaty of Nystad, some historians would argue that it was born either when Ivan III of Russia conquered Veliky Novgorod in 1478, or when Ivan the Terrible conquered the Khanate of Kazan in 1552. According to another point of view, the term Tsardom, used after the coronation of Ivan IV in 1547, was a contemporary Russian word for empire.
Much of Russia's expansion occurred in the 17th century, culminating in the first Russian colonization of the Pacific in the mid-17th century, the Russo-Polish War that incorporated left-bank Ukraine, the Russian conquest of Siberia. Poland was divided in the 1790 -- 1815 era, with much of the population going to Russia. Most of the 19th-century growth came from adding territory in Asia, south of Siberia. Peter I the Great played a major role in introducing Russia to the European state system. While the vast land had a population of 14 million, grain yields trailed behind those of agriculture in the West, compelling nearly the entire population to farm. Only a small percentage lived in towns; the class of kholops, close in status to slavery, remained a major institution in Russia until 1723, when Peter converted household kholops into house serfs, thus including them in poll taxation. Russian agricultural kholops were formally converted into serfs earlier in 1679. Peter's first military efforts were directed against the Ottoman Turks.
His attention turned to the North. Peter still lacked a secure northern seaport, except at Archangel on the White Sea, where the harbor was frozen for nine months a year. Access to the Baltic was blocked by Sweden. Peter's ambitions for a "window to the sea" led him to make a secret alliance in 1699 with Saxony, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth and Denmark against Sweden, resulting in the Great Northern War; the war ended in 1721. Peter acquired four provinces situated east of the Gulf of Finland; the coveted access to the sea was now secured. There he built Russia's new capital, Saint Petersburg, to replace Moscow, which had long been Russia's cultural center. In 1722, he tur