The Nephilim were the offspring of the "sons of God" and the "daughters of men" before the Deluge, according to Genesis 6:1-4. A similar or identical biblical Hebrew term, read as "Nephilim" by some scholars, or as the word "fallen" by others, appears in Ezekiel 32:27; when people began to multiply on the face of the ground, daughters were born to them, the sons of God saw that they were fair. The Lord said, "My spirit shall not abide in mortals forever, for they are flesh; the Nephilim were on the earth in those days—and afterward—when the sons of God went in to the daughters of humans, who bore children to them. These were the heroes that were of warriors of renown; the word is loosely translated as giants in some left untranslated in others. The "sons of God" have been interpreted as fallen angels in some traditional Jewish explanations. According to Numbers 13:33, they inhabited Canaan at the time of the Israelite conquest of Canaan; the Lord said to Moses, "Send men to spy out the land of Canaan, which I am giving to the Israelites"...
So they went up and spied out the land... And they told him: "... Yet the people who live in the land are strong, the towns are fortified and large. So they brought to the Israelites an unfavorable report of the land that they had spied out, saying, "The land that we have gone through as spies is a land that devours its inhabitants. There we saw the Nephilim; the Brown-Driver-Briggs Lexicon gives the meaning of nephilim as "giants", holds that proposed etymologies of the word are "all precarious". Many suggested interpretations are based on the assumption that the word is a derivative of Hebrew verbal root n-ph-l "fall". Robert Baker Girdlestone argued in 1871 the word comes from the Hiphil causative stem, implying that the nephilim are to be perceived as "those that cause others to fall down". Ronald Hendel states that it is a passive form: "ones who have fallen", grammatically analogous to paqid "one, appointed", asir "one, bound", etc; the majority of ancient biblical versions—including the Septuagint, Latin Vulgate, Samaritan Targum, Targum Onkelos, Targum Neofiti—interpret the word to mean "giants".
Symmachus translates it as "the violent ones" and Aquila's translation has been interpreted to mean either "the fallen ones" or "the ones falling ". In the Hebrew Bible there are three interconnected passages referencing the nephilim. Two of them come from the Pentateuch and the first occurrence is in Genesis 6:1–4 before the account of Noah's Ark. Genesis 6:4 reads as follows:The Nephilim were in the earth in those days, after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, they bore children to them. Where the Jewish Publication Society translation transliterated the Hebrew nephilim as "Nephilim", the King James Version translated the term as "giants"; the nature of the Nephilim is complicated by the ambiguity of Genesis 6:4, which leaves it unclear whether they are the "sons of God" or their offspring who are the "mighty men of old, men of renown". Richard Hess takes it to mean that the Nephilim are the offspring, as does P. W. Coxon; the second is Numbers 13:32-33, where ten of the Twelve Spies report that they have seen fearsome giants in Canaan:And there we saw the Nephilim, the sons of Anak, who come of the Nephilim.
Outside the Pentateuch there is one more passage indirectly referencing nephilim and this is Ezekiel 32:17–32. Of special significance is Ezekiel 32:27, which contains a phrase of disputed meaning. With the traditional vowels added to the text in the medieval period, the phrase is read gibborim nophlim, although some scholars read the phrase as gibborim nephilim. According to Ronald S. Hendel, the phrase should be interpreted as "warriors, the Nephilim" in a reference to Genesis 6:4; the verse as understood by Hendel readsThey lie with the warriors, the Nephilim of old, who descended to Sheol with their weapons of war. They placed their swords beneath their heads and their shields upon their bones, for the terror of the warriors was upon the land of the living. Brian R. Doak, on the other hand, proposes to read the term as the Hebrew verb "fallen", not a use of the specific term "Nephilim", but still according to Doak a clear reference to the Nephilim tradition as found in Genesis. Most of the contemporary English translations of Genesis 6:1-4 and Numbers 13:33 render the Heb. nefilim as "giants".
This tendency in turn stems from the fact that one of the earliest translation of the Hebrew Bible, the Septuagint, composed in III/II century BCE, renders the said word as gigantes. The choice made by the Greek translators has been adopted into the Latin translation, the Vulgate, compiled in IV/V century CE, which uses the transcription of the Greek term rather than the literal translation of the Heb. nefilim. From there, the tradition of the giant progeny of the sons of God and the daughters of men spread to medieval translations of the Bible; the decision of the Greek translators to render the Heb. nefilim as Gr. gigantes is a separate matter. The Heb. nefilim means "the fallen ones" and the strict translation into Greek would be pept
Geoffrey Lewis (actor)
Geoffrey Bond Lewis was an American character actor. Lewis was known for his film roles alongside Clint Eastwood, he played villains. He played a bodyguard in Double Impact. Lewis was born July 31, 1935, in Plainfield, New Jersey, but spent much of his youth in Wrightwood, California, he took acting classes at the Neighborhood Playhouse in New York City and performed off-Broadway and at regional theaters in Massachusetts. He tried breaking into Hollywood in the 1960s. Lewis appeared in TV series such as Bonanza, Mission: Impossible, Mork & Mindy, Lou Grant, Mama's Family, Magnum, P. I; the A-Team, She Wrote, The X-Files, Highway to Heaven and Law & Order: Criminal Intent. In 1979, he appeared in Salem's Lot, he played opposite Polly Holliday in the Alice spin-off Flo for which he received a Golden Globe nomination. His film credits include such movies as Down in the Valley, The Butcher and When Every Day Was the Fourth of July. In the'95-'96, 22-episode run of series Land's End, he co-starred with Fred Dryer.
Lewis worked with actor-director Clint Eastwood in several films including Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil, Pink Cadillac, Any Which Way You Can, Bronco Billy, Every Which Way But Loose and Lightfoot, High Plains Drifter. In the 1980s, Lewis was a member of musical storytelling group Celestial Navigations with musician and songwriter Geoff Levin. Lewis had 10 children. On April 7, 2015, Lewis died of a heart attack at age 79 in his Woodland Hills residence. Geoffrey Lewis on IMDb Geoffrey Lewis at AllMovie Geoffrey Lewis.
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Casper Van Dien
Casper Robert Van Dien Jr. is an American actor and producer. Van Dien was born and raised in Milton, the son of Diane, a nursery school teacher, Casper Robert Van Dien Sr. a U. S. Navy Commander and fighter pilot. There is a long military tradition in Van Dien's family. Aside from his father, his grandfather was a Marine during World War II. Van Dien is descended from an old Dutch family long settled in the New York area; the street on which Van Dien grew up in Ridgewood, New Jersey, Van Dien Avenue, was named after his great-great-great-grandfather. When Van Dien was older, his family moved to Florida, where he enrolled at the St. Petersburg campus of the Admiral Farragut Academy, graduating 3rd in command. While in the Florida prep school, Van Dien was referred to as "Ken doll" due to his good looks, got into many fights for that reason; some writers described him as a "perfect life-sized Ken doll." After high school, Van Dien attended Florida State University in Tallahassee, where he was a member of Sigma Alpha Epsilon fraternity.
After moving to Los Angeles, Van Dien landed a number of small parts in various television series and movies. Two early breaks were recurring roles as Ty Moody on the daytime soap opera One Life to Live and the prime time drama Beverly Hills, 90210. Keen to expand his acting talents, Van Dien took a bit part in the video game, Wing Commander IV. In 1996, Van Dien played King Tal in Beastmaster III: The Eye of Braxus, the second sequel to the 1982 cult classic, The Beastmaster. Van Dien starred in the 1997 James Dean biopic James Dean: Race with Destiny. Soon after, he got the breakthrough role of Johnny Rico in Paul Verhoeven's 1997 science fiction action film Starship Troopers, his success in Starship Troopers subsequently resulted in his casting as Tarzan in Tarzan and the Lost City. Van Dien next played Brom von Brunt in Tim Burton's 1999 film Sleepy Hollow, a reworking of the classic Washington Irving tale. In 2000 Van Dien appeared in Cutaway as well as Aaron Spelling's short-lived NBC prime time soap Titans with Yasmine Bleeth, John Barrowman, Perry King and Victoria Principal.
He filmed several scenes as Patrick Bateman, the character that Christian Bale had played in 2000's American Psycho, in 2002's The Rules of Attraction. However, the scenes were unused in the final film. In 2008 Van Dien returned to the role of Rico in Starship Troopers 3: Marauder, a direct-to-video sequel to Starship Troopers. Van Dien replaced Matt Mullins as Johnny Cage for the second season of the YouTube webseries Mortal Kombat: Legacy. In 2013 Van Dien played the part in Assumed Killer in which he was a husband to a woman who had retrograde amnesia, who believed him to be a serial killer. From 1993 to 1997 Van Dien was married to Carrie Mitchum, they have Casper Robert Mitchum Van Dien and actress Caroline Grace Van Dien. Van Dien had co-starred with Robert Mitchum in James Dean: Race with Destiny. Grace Van Dien is known for starring in the Netflix series Greenhouse Academy. In 1999 Van Dien met actress Catherine Oxenberg during the filming of the TV movie The Collectors, they soon worked together again in the 1999 thriller The Omega Code.
On May 8, 1999, they married at Graceland Wedding Chapel in Nevada. In 2005, the couple appeared in their own reality series, I Married a Princess, which aired on the Lifetime Television channel in the United States, LIVINGtv in the United Kingdom and Lifestyle You in Australia. During the 2006-2007 TV season, Van Dien and Oxenberg co-starred in the American drama series Watch Over Me on MyNetworkTV. Van Dien and Oxenberg have two daughters, born in 2001 and 2003. Oxenberg and Van Dien are celebrity ambassadors for the non-profit organization Childhelp. In 2015, Van Dien filed for divorce from Oxenberg. Van Dien married Jennifer Wenger in June 2018. Official website Casper Van Dien on IMDb Casper Van Dien at Movies.com
Saginaw Morgan Grant, known professionally as Saginaw Grant, is a Native American character actor, motivational speaker and the Hereditary Chief of the Sac and Fox Nation. Grant was born at the Indian Hospital in Pawnee, the son of Sarah and Austin Grant, he is a member of the Fox Nation of Oklahoma. His mother's ancestry was from the Otoe-Missouria tribes of Oklahoma, he is a veteran of the United States Marine Corps. Grant has appeared in numerous films and television shows. Saginaw Grant played the Gatekeeper in the 1999 film, "Purgatory", he played Chief Big Bear in the 2013 film The Lone Ranger. The same year, he appeared as a man who sells his truck to Walter White in the Breaking Bad episode "Ozymandias". Grant is social activist, Mariana Tosca. War Party - Freddie Man Wolf Small Time - The Holy Man Purgatory - Ancient Gate Keeper Grey Owl - Pow Wow Chief Legend of the Phantom Rider - Medicine Man Black Cloud - Grandpa Social Guidance - Red Hightower The World's Fastest Indian - Jake Beyond the Quest - Apparition Slipstream - Eddie Maneater - Stanley Hipp Walking on Turtle Island - Catches the Bear Winter in the Blood - Yellow Calf The Lone Ranger - Chief Big Bear Wind Walkers - Native Elder The Ridiculous 6 - Screaming Eagle Valley of the Gods - Tall Bitter Water Journey to Royal - Himself The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles - episode - The Mystery of the Blues - Grey Cloud Harts of the West - 15 episodes - Auggie The Last Frontier- episode - The One with the Friends' Theme - Alaskan Nash Bridges - Ol'Larry/1 episode Stolen Women: Captured Heartss - Chief Luta/TV movie Baywatch - Eyes That See At Night/1 episode Purgatory - Ancient Gate Keeper/TV movie Auf Wiedersehen, Pet - Medecine Man/3 episodes Skinwalkers - Wilson Sam/TV movie Miracles - Most Respected Elder/1 episode DreamKeeper - Old Medecine Man/TV movie The Fallen Ones - Joseph/TV movie My Name is Earl - Dakota/1 episode Saving Grace - Mudwa/1 episode American Horror Story - Tribal Elder/1 episode Eagleheart - Saginaw/1 episode Family Tree - White Feather/1 episode Breaking Bad - Native American Man - episode "Ozymandias" Shameless - Great Grandfather/1 episode Community - Chief Blue Sky/1 episode The League - Sam/1 episode Workaholics - American Indian Man/1 episode Sin City Saints - Shaman/1 episode Baskets - Old Man/1 episode Veep - Marjorie's Grandpa/1 episode
Robert John Wagner Jr. is an American actor of stage and television, best known for starring in the television shows It Takes a Thief and Hart to Hart. He had a recurring role as Teddy Leopold on the TV sitcom Two and a Half Men and has a recurring role as Anthony DiNozzo Sr. on the police procedural NCIS. In movies, Wagner is known for his role as Number Two in the Austin Powers trilogy of films, as well as for A Kiss Before Dying, The Pink Panther, The Towering Inferno and many more. In 2018, Wagner was named a person of interest in an ongoing investigation into the mysterious drowning death of his wife Natalie Wood in 1981. Wagner was born February 1930, in Detroit, Michigan, he is the son of Hazel Alvera, a telephone operator, Robert John Wagner Sr. a traveling salesman who worked for the Ford Motor Company. His paternal grandparents were born in Germany and his maternal grandparents were Norwegian. Wagner has Mary, he graduated from Saint Monica Catholic High School in 1949. Wagner became interested in acting, after an unsuccessful screen test directed by Fred Zinnemann for his film Teresa, Wagner was represented by Albert R. Broccoli.
He made his uncredited film debut in The Happy Years. "I started off as an ingenue," recalled Wagner. "I was 19 years old. I was the boy next door, but you always felt you could work your way up, that you could have a better part in the next picture. Darryl Zanuck was always placing me in different positions."Wagner's first film for Fox was Halls of Montezuma a World War Two film. Wagner had a support role, with Richard Widmark as the star; the studio had him perform a similar function in another war movie, The Frogmen, again with Widmark. Let's Make It Legal was a comedy where Wagner again supported an older star, in this case Claudette Colbert. Wagner first gained significant attention with a small but showy part as a shell-shocked soldier in With a Song in My Heart, starring Susan Hayward as Jane Froman."You were part of 20th Century Fox," he said. "You felt proud of being part of the organization. When I wasn't working, I was on the road, going out and selling movies or dancing on the stage and meeting the public.
They never let you rest."Fox started to give Wagner better roles. He was the romantic male lead in Stars and Stripes Forever, a biopic about John Philip Sousa starring Clifton Webb, he supported James Cagney and Dan Dailey in John Ford's version of What Price Glory and supported Webb again in Titanic. He was in The Silver Whip with Rory Calhoun. Fox gave Wagner his first starring role in Beneath the 12-Mile Reef. Reviews were poor but the movie was only the third to be shot in CinemaScope and was a big hit. Popular was a Western, Broken Lance, where Wagner supported Spencer Tracy for director Edward Dmytryk, appearing as Tracy's son. Fox gave Wagner the lead role in Prince Valiant. While popular, critical reception was poor and Wagner joked his wig in the movie made him look like Jane Wyman, he was teamed with Jeffrey Hunter in a Western, White Feather. Wagner was borrowed by Paramount for The Mountain, directed by Dmytryk, where Wagner was cast as Spencer Tracy's brother, having played his son just two years earlier in the same director's Broken Lance.
He received more critical acclaim from the novel by Ira Levin. Back at Fox he was Between Heaven and Hell, a war movie, The True Story of Jesse James, playing the lead role for director Nicholas Ray. Both movies were box office disappointments and it seemed Wagner was unable to make the transition to top level star; this appeared. In 1959, Wagner disparaged the film: When I started at Fox in 1950 they were making sixty-five pictures a year. Now they're lucky. There was a chance to get some training in B pictures. TV struck. Everything went big and they started sticking me into Cinemascope spectacles. One day, smiling Joe Juvenile with no talent was doing a role intended for John Wayne; that was in a dog called Stopover Tokyo. I've had to work to keep up, he supported Robert Mitchum in a Korean War movie, The Hunters, appeared with a number of Fox contractees in a World War Two drama, In Love and War. After a cameo in Mardi Gras, Wagner supported Bing Debbie Reynolds in Say One for Me. Trying to kick start his career, he appeared with his then-wife Natalie Wood in All the Fine Young Cannibals, made for MGM.
The film was a flop. In 1960 Wagner signed with Columbia Pictures for three films. Wagner's first marriage to Wood had broken up and he relocated to Europe, he had a small role in The Longest Day, produced by Daryl Zanuck for Fox. He had a larger part in The Condemned of Altona, a commercial and critical disappointment despite being directed by Vittorio de Sica. More popular was The Pink Panther, a massive hit, although Wagner's part was much in support to those of David Niven
Navid Negahban is an Iranian-American actor. He has appeared on 24, Homeland and plays the supervillain Amahl Farouk / Shadow King on the second season of FX's Legion. Negahban was born in Iran, he took a liking to theater when he was 8 years old while provoking laughter from a large audience by portraying an old man on stage. He left Iran when he was 20 for Turkey and Germany, where he spent eight-and-a-half years. In Germany, he worked for a theater company, in 1993 he moved to the United States, he is fluent in English and Persian. He began learning French for his role on Legion, he has appeared in The Shield, The West Wing, CSI: Miami. He has collaborated twice with Iranian-American actress Necar Zadegan, once in 24, where her on-screen husband ordered his interrogation and the torturing of his family, in CSI: Miami, where, as his wife, she killed him. Negahban had two collaborations with another Iranian-American actress Mozhan Marnò in the TV series The Unit and the movie The Stoning of Soraya M. where he plays the husband of Soraya.
In 2008, Negahban voiced and provided his likeness to the character Dr. Challus Mercer in the survival horror game Dead Space. Negahban appeared as the main antagonist in the critically acclaimed TV series Homeland. In 2011 he won the Best Actor Award for the 2009 Iranian short film, Liberation at the Noor Iranian Film Festival, in 2012, he returned to serve as an official festival judge. In February 2015, The Hollywood Reporter and Variety confirmed that Negahban had begun shooting the spy thriller, Damascus Cover, based on the novel by Howard Kaplan, alongside Jonathan Rhys Meyers, Olivia Thirlby and John Hurt. Negahban played the role of Syrian General Sarraj. Navid Negahban on IMDb