William Bradford "Bill" Champlin is an American singer, arranger and songwriter. He formed the band Sons of Champlin in 1965, which still performs today, was a member of the band Chicago from 1981–2009, he performed lead vocals on three of Chicago's biggest hits of the 1980s, 1984's "Hard Habit to Break" and "Look Away" and "I Don't Wanna Live Without Your Love" in 1988. During live shows, he performed the lower, vocal parts originated by original guitarist Terry Kath, who had died in 1978, he has won multiple Grammy Awards for songwriting. As a child, Champlin demonstrated a talent for piano, picked up the guitar after being inspired by Elvis Presley, he started a band, The Opposite Six, while at Tamalpais High School, in Mill Valley and went on to study music in college, but was encouraged by a professor to drop out of school and pursue music professionally. The Opposite Six, Champlin's band from high school, had changed their name to the Sons of Champlin and had recorded a number of well-reviewed albums by 1977, when 30-year-old Champlin moved to Los Angeles.
During the 1969–1970 period, Champlin was uncertain of the future of the Sons of Champlin, so he joined with Jerry Miller of Moby Grape in The Rhythm Dukes, following the departure of Don Stevenson. The band achieved a significant degree of acclaim as an opening act for many popular performers of that time, recorded one album released in 2005 "Flashback". In LA he began extensive studio session work, he was in demand for his singing, appearing on hundreds of recordings throughout the 1970s and 1980s. The National Association of Recording Arts and Sciences awarded Champlin the Most Valuable Player peer award for male background vocalists in 1980. Champlin won a Grammy Award for Best Rhythm and Blues Song in 1980 for co-writing the hit song "After The Love Has Gone" with Jay Graydon and David Foster and a second Grammy Award for Best Rhythm and Blues Song in 1983 for co-writing the song "Turn Your Love Around" with Jay Graydon and Steve Lukather. In 1979, Champlin was approached by the then-widely successful band REO Speedwagon to add background vocals on some of their songs appearing on their album Nine Lives.
This work allowed Champlin to become acquainted with other in-demand session men such as Jay Graydon, David Foster, Steve Lukather. Among other artists that he worked with were Al Jarreau, George Duke, Boz Scaggs, Elton John, The Tubes, Lee Ritenour, Amy Grant, Nicky Trebek, he appeared on Barry Manilow's 1982 EP, Oh, Julie! and was a featured background vocalist on Manilow's Here Comes the Night In 1986, Champlin dueted with Patti LaBelle on Last Unbroken Heart for Miami Vice and was released that same year on the album "Miami Vice II" In 1991, he provided backing vocals for Kim Carnes' album Checkin' Out the Ghosts. Throughout the 1990s he released several solo albums and toured Europe and Japan in support of his live solo album "Mayday". In 2009 Champlin collaborated with the Italian-American composer and producer Manuel De Peppe and in 2011, Champlin played the Hammond B3 organ on the songs "Moon Cry" and "Mississippi Creek" by Curt Campbell and the Eclectic Beast Band, he and second wife, singer/songwriter Tamara Champlin, were part of the Scandinavian tour headlined by Leon Russell that featured Joe Williams & Peter Friestedt.
Champlin teamed up with conductor Lars Erik Gudim and the Norwegian Radio Orchestra in Oslo, Norway for a special performance that aired December 27, 2011 on NRK TV in Norway. In 2014-2017 he performed several acoustic shows with Tamara Champlin in the US, Japan, South & Central America where they joined the Rock Pack Tour, guested with California Transit Authority featuring Danny Seraphine, played concerts to benefit Eddie Tuduri's Rhythmic Arts Project with the Pockets, they entertained with other indie artists for the Lone Wolf Entertainment Foundation and rejoined the re-formed Sons of Champlin for a series of shows in the Northwest. In 2017, he and Tamara were part of the Ambrosia & Friends Tour. David Foster produced two solo albums for Champlin: Runaway. Both albums sold poorly due to lack of adequate promotion by his record company, although the latter album did include a pair of minor hits on the Billboard Hot 100. In the 1990s, Champlin released five more solo albums: No Wasted Moments, Burn Down the Night, Through It All, He Started to Sing, Mayday.
The last was a live recording of songs from his career, included musicians Greg Mathieson, Jerry Lopez, Eddie Garcia, Tom Saviano and Rochon Westmoreland. In September 2008, Champlin released No Place Left To Fall and a companion DVD in Japan on JVC/Victor; the record was produced by Champlin and Mark Eddinger, featured musicians Bruce Gaitsch, George Hawkins, Jr. Billy Ward, Tamara Champlin, Will Champlin, Eddinger, with guest appearances by Steve Lukather, Peter Cetera, Michael English, Jerry Lopez and enlisted such songwriting/player greats as Jay Graydon, Andreas Carlsson, Diane Warren, Michael Caruso, Tom Saviano and Dennis Matkosky; the record was released in Europe by Zinc Music in December 2008 and in the U. S. by DreamMakers Music in August 2009. In 1978, the day after Chicago guitarist Terry Kath died, the band reached out to Champlin suggesting that he audition to take Kath's place. Champlin
Milton Selzer was an American stage and television actor. Born in Lowell, Massachusetts and his family moved to Portsmouth, New Hampshire where he was raised. After graduating from Portsmouth High School, he attended the University of New Hampshire before serving in World War II. After the war, Selzer moved to New York to train at the American Academy of Dramatic Arts and The New School. Selzer's acting career began with small parts on Broadway. After moving to Hollywood in 1960, he began a prolific career as a character actor making many guest appearances in film and television. Selzer's Broadway credits include Tiger at the Gates, Once Upon a Tailor and the Man, Julius Caesar. Selzer's many television roles included appearances on The Twilight Zone, where he portrayed an alien in "Hocus-Pocus and Frisby", as the miserly son-in-law in "The Masks", he appeared as Dr. Nobel in an episode of Have Gun Will Travel, He appeared in an episode of The Asphalt Jungle in 1961. In 1962 he portrayed an angel - Anthology/The Twilight Zone.
He made two memorable guest appearances on Perry Mason. From 1965-67, he made seven guest appearances as Professor Parker in Get Smart followed by roles on That Girl, The Rat Patrol, Hogan's Heroes, The Bold Ones: The Protectors. In the many crime shows of the 1960s and 1970s, Selzer would portray unsympathetic characters who would possess sad and pathetic qualities, he was a regular on the 1973 situation comedy Pins as Julius Singer. He made his last onscreen appearance in the 1995 television movie Lacey: Together Again. Selzer's film career includes roles in The Young Savages opposite Burt Lancaster, In Enemy Country, The Buddy System, he made his last onscreen appearance in the 1995 television movie Lacey: Together Again. On October 21, 2006, four days before his 88th birthday, Selzer died of pulmonary complications. Milton Selzer on IMDb Milton Selzer at the Internet Broadway Database Milton Selzer at the Internet Off-Broadway Database Milton Selzer at Find a Grave
Chicago is an American rock band formed in 1967 in Chicago, calling themselves the Chicago Transit Authority in 1968 before shortening the name in 1969. The self-described “rock and roll band with horns” began writing politically charged rock music, moved to a softer sound, generating several hit ballads; the group had a steady stream of hits throughout the 1980s. In September 2008, Billboard ranked Chicago at number thirteen in a list of the top 100 artists of all time for Hot 100 singles chart success, ranked them at number fifteen on the same list produced in October 2015. Billboard ranked Chicago ninth on the list of the hundred greatest artists of all time in terms of Billboard 200 album chart success in October 2015. Chicago is one of the longest-running and most successful rock groups, one of the world's best-selling groups of all time, having sold more than 100 million records. In 1971, Chicago was the first rock act to sell out Carnegie Hall for a week. To date, Chicago has sold over 40 million units in the U.
S. with 23 gold, 18 platinum, 8 multi-platinum albums. They have had five consecutive number-one albums on the Billboard 200 and 20 top-ten singles on the Billboard Hot 100. In 1974 the group had seven albums, its entire catalog at the time, on the Billboard 200 simultaneously, they were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2016. In 2017, original band members Peter Cetera, Robert Lamm, James Pankow were elected to the Songwriters Hall of Fame for their songwriting efforts as members of the music group; the group now known as Chicago began on February 15, 1967, at a meeting involving saxophonist Walter Parazaider, guitarist Terry Kath, drummer Danny Seraphine, trombonist James Pankow, trumpet player Lee Loughnane, keyboardist/singer Robert Lamm. Kath and Seraphine had played together in two other groups — Jimmy Ford and the Executives, the Missing Links. Parazaider and Loughnane met as students at DePaul University. Lamm, a student at Roosevelt University, was recruited from his group, Bobby Charles and the Wanderers.
The group of six called themselves the Big Thing, like most other groups playing in Chicago nightclubs, played Top 40 hits. Realizing the need for both a tenor to complement baritones Lamm and Kath, a bass player because Lamm's use of organ bass pedals did not provide "adequate bass sound", local tenor and bassist Peter Cetera was invited to join the Big Thing in late 1967. While gaining some success as a cover band, the group began working on original songs. In June 1968, at manager James William Guercio's request, the Big Thing moved to Los Angeles, signed with Columbia Records and changed its name to Chicago Transit Authority, it was while performing on a regular basis at the Whisky a Go Go nightclub in West Hollywood that the band got exposure to more famous musical artists of the time. Subsequently, they were the opening act for Jimi Hendrix; as related to group biographer, William James Ruhlmann, by Walt Parazaider, Jimi Hendrix once told Parazaider, "'Jeez, your horn players are like one set of lungs and your guitar player is better than me.'"Their first record, Chicago Transit Authority, is a double album, rare for a band's first release.
The album made it to No. 17 on the Billboard 200 album chart, sold over one million copies by 1970, was awarded a platinum disc. The album included a number of pop-rock songs – "Does Anybody Really Know What Time It Is?", "Beginnings", "Questions 67 and 68", "I'm a Man" – which were released as singles. For this inaugural recording effort the group was nominated for a Grammy Award for 1969 Best New Artist of the Year. According to Cetera, the band was booked to perform at Woodstock in 1969, but promoter Bill Graham, with whom they had a contract, exercised his right to reschedule them to play at the Fillmore West on a date of his choosing, he scheduled them for the Woodstock dates. Santana, which Graham managed, took Chicago's place at Woodstock, that performance is considered to be Santana's "breakthrough" gig. A year in 1970, when he needed to replace headliner Joe Cocker, Cocker's intended replacement, Jimi Hendrix, Graham booked Chicago to perform at Tanglewood, considered by some to be a "pinnacle" performance.
After the release of their first album, the band's name was shortened to Chicago to avoid legal action being threatened by the actual mass-transit company of the same name. The band released a second album, titled Chicago, another double-LP; the album's centerpiece track is a seven-part, 13-minute suite composed by Pankow called "Ballet for a Girl in Buchannon". The suite sung by Kath. Among the other tracks on the album: Lamm's dynamic but cryptic "25 or 6 to 4", a reference to a songwriter trying to write at 25 or 26 minutes before 4 o'clock in the morning, was sung by Cetera with Terry Kath on guitar; the double-LP album's inner cover includes the playlist, the entire lyrics to "It Better End Soon", two declarations: "This endeavor should be experienced sequentially", and, "With this album, we dedicate ourselves, our futures and our energies to the people of the revolution. And the revolution in all of its forms." The album was a commercial success, rising to number four on the Billboard 200, was certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America in 1970, platinum in 1991.
The band was nominated for two Grammy Awards as a result of this album, Album of the Year, a
Elizabeth Larrieu Torres is an American actress and comedian. Torres is best known for her role as Mahalia Sanchez in the NBC comedy series The John Larroquette Show, for which she received two Primetime Emmy and Golden Globe Awards nominations, she is known for her role as Patricia "Miss Patty" LaCosta in The WB family drama series Gilmore Girls. Torres started her career as a comedian and singer working the city's night club circuit with her friend Bette Midler. In 1971, she was spotted doing one of her acts by the producer of Johnny Carson's The Tonight Show who invited her to do a stand-up comedy skit on the show, she made her film debut in 1969 playing a prostitute in a low-budget movie titled Utterly Without Redeeming Social Value. In 1973, Torres played Morticia in The Addams Family Fun House, a musical version of the original series. From 1975 to 1976, she was regular cast member on the CBS sitcom, Cloris Leachman's spin-off series from The Mary Tyler Moore Show, succeeding the late Barbara Colby in the role of Julie Erskine.
In 1975, she recorded a disco music single called "Hustle Latino" on RCA Records arranged and produced by Michael Zager and appeared on Dick Clark's American Bandstand to perform the number. In 1976, she played "Cat" in TV's musical special Pinocchio starring Sandy Duncan, as well as a semi regular panelist on Break the Bank. In early 1981, she co-starred opposite Marla Gibbs in Checking In, a short-lived spin-off of The Jeffersons, she had the recurring role on All in the Family as Teresa, the boarder at the Bunker house, guest starred in Love, American Style, Hill Street Blues, L. A. Law, Knots Landing, Tracey Takes On... Ally McBeal and The Nanny. In 1990, Torres was nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actress in a Comedy Series for her performance on The Famous Teddy Z. In theater, she has appeared in The Ritz as Googie Gomez, Man of La Mancha as Aldonza, in House of Blue Leaves as Bunny, in A Million To Juan in 1994 as Mrs. Delgado. After a guest starring appearance as a deceased singer-turned-angel on the Donald P. Bellisario drama series Quantum Leap, Torres had a recurring role on another Bellisario show and Bonetti, as a psychic who hears the dog Tequila's thoughts.
From 1993 to 1996, she starred as Mahalia Sanchez in the NBC sitcom The John Larroquette Show. For her role, she received two Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series and Golden Globe Award nominations. Torres received two nominations for the American Comedy Award for the Best Television Performance. In 1997, Torres co-starred alongside Annie Potts in the short-lived CBS sitcom, Over the Top, she co-starred on First Monday and American Family. From 2000 until the series' end in 2007, she was a semi-regular cast member of Gilmore Girls, on which she played Stars Hollow's resident dance teacher, Patty LaCosta. In 2008 she played the role of Juanita in Polish film Expecting Love. Torres guest starred in Ugly Betty, Desperate Housewives, Private Practice and Devious Maids. Torres was born in the Bronx borough of New York City, where her parents had settled after moving from Puerto Rico. There she received her primary and secondary education. Torres resides in Los Angeles, where she is a member of the board of directors of Write Act Repertory.
She is married to the movie founder of The Kushner-Locke Company, Pete Locke. Liz Torres on IMDb Liz Torres at the Internet Broadway Database Liz Torres at the Internet Off-Broadway Database
Alessandro Federico Petricone, Jr. known professionally as Alex Rocco, was an American actor. Cast as a villain, he is best known for his portrayal of Moe Greene in The Godfather and his Primetime Emmy Award for Supporting Actor in a Comedy for The Famous Teddy Z, he did a significant amount of voiceover work in his career, was known for his gravelly voice. Rocco was a member of the Bahá'í Faith. Rocco was born as Alessandro Federico Petricone, Jr. in Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1936, but raised in nearby Somerville, the son of an Italian immigrant and Alessandro Sam Petricone, a native of Gaeta, Italy. According to organized crime turncoat Vincent Teresa, Alex was a hanger-on with the Winter Hill Gang of the Boston area. An unwanted advance toward Petricone's girlfriend on Labor Day, 1961, touched off the Boston Irish Gang War of the 1960s. Georgie McLaughlin, who made the advance, was beaten by Winter Hill Gang members. Howie Carr, a Boston-area journalist and radio personality who has written extensively about the Boston underworld, has written that the young Petricone was arrested in Charlestown in November 1961 along with Winter Hill boss Buddy McLean for questioning following the death of Bernie McLaughlin of the Charlestown Mob, the first murder of the war.
Petricone was released without charge and moved to California in 1962. He first worked as a bartender in Santa Monica and took acting lessons from actor Leonard Nimoy, a fellow Boston native. Nimoy told him to take speech lessons. Rocco followed through with Nimoy's instructions and after ridding himself of the accent came back to study under Nimoy and character actor and teacher Jeff Corey. Rocco played the part of a Las Vegas casino owner, in the film The Godfather. Greene's character represented the top Jewish mobster in Las Vegas. Other notable films in which Rocco appeared include The Wedding Planner, as Salvatore and (uncredited] Smokin' Aces. In the film That Thing You Do!, Rocco played Sol Siler, the founder of Playtone Records. In the fall of 1975, Rocco starred in the role of Pete Karras, a widowed father and photographer, in a 12-week CBS drama series Three for the Road, with Vincent Van Patten as his older son, John Karras, Leif Garrett as his younger son, Endy Karras. After the death of their wife and mother, the Karrases sell their house, buy a recreational vehicle, roam throughout the United States.
He played Jo's father on The Facts of Life. In 1989, he played Gus Keller in the Corey Corey Haim movie Dream a Little Dream. From 1989–90, Rocco was a regular on the television comedy series The Famous Teddy Z as "Al Floss", a Hollywood talent agent, he received an Emmy Award as Best Supporting Actor in a Comedy Series for this role in 1990. In 1997, he appeared in the annual Thanksgiving episode of the ABC sitcom Home Improvement. Rocco had a recurring part in the long running animated series The Simpsons as the head of Itchy and Scratchy Studios, Roger Meyers, Jr. In DVD commentaries, Rocco expressed true gratitude to The Simpsons' staff for allowing him his first voice-over role, he did further voice work on two early episodes of Family Guy. Rocco did a voiceover on the 1998 Disney/Pixar film A Bug's Life, deeming it his "greatest prize in life" as he was paid $1 million to record eight lines. In 2008, he starred in Audi's Super Bowl commercial for the Audi R8 supercar; the commercial was inspired by one of the films: The Godfather.
He played a rich man who finds the front fascia of his luxury car in his bed, a nod to the scene from the original movie in which Jack Woltz, a rich movie producer, finds the head of his prized racehorse in his bed. He was featured on the Starz cable channel's crime-drama series, Magic City. After moving to Los Angeles, Rocco became a member of the Bahá'í Faith, he appeared in a number of productions related to the religion over the years, he thanked Bahá'u'lláh in his Emmy Award acceptance speech. His first marriage was to Grace Petricone, they had one daughter, Maryann. After moving to California, he married Sandra Elaine Rocco on March 24, 1964, he adopted her son, Marc King, who became known as Marc Rocco, a film producer and director. The couple had two children, a daughter Jennifer and a son and one grandson. Sandra Rocco died of cancer, aged 59. Rocco remarried, to Shannon Wilcox on October 15, 2005. Alex Rocco died on July 18, 2015 from pancreatic cancer in Studio City, Los Angeles, at the age of 79.
Alex Rocco on IMDb Alex Rocco at AllMovie Alexander Petricone
CBS is an American English language commercial broadcast television and radio network, a flagship property of CBS Corporation. The company is headquartered at the CBS Building in New York City with major production facilities and operations in New York City and Los Angeles. CBS is sometimes referred to as the Eye Network, in reference to the company's iconic symbol, in use since 1951, it has been called the "Tiffany Network", alluding to the perceived high quality of CBS programming during the tenure of William S. Paley, it can refer to some of CBS's first demonstrations of color television, which were held in a former Tiffany & Co. building in New York City in 1950. The network has its origins in United Independent Broadcasters Inc. a collection of 16 radio stations, purchased by Paley in 1928 and renamed the Columbia Broadcasting System. Under Paley's guidance, CBS would first become one of the largest radio networks in the United States, one of the Big Three American broadcast television networks.
In 1974, CBS dropped its former full name and became known as CBS, Inc. The Westinghouse Electric Corporation acquired the network in 1995, renamed its corporate entity to the current CBS Broadcasting, Inc. in 1997, adopted the name of the company it had acquired to become CBS Corporation. In 2000, CBS came under the control of Viacom, formed as a spin-off of CBS in 1971. In late 2005, Viacom split itself into two separate companies and re-established CBS Corporation – through the spin-off of its broadcast television and select cable television and non-broadcasting assets – with the CBS television network at its core. CBS Corporation is controlled by Sumner Redstone through National Amusements, which controls the current Viacom. CBS operated the CBS Radio network until 2017, when it merged its radio division with Entercom. Prior to CBS Radio provided news and features content for its portfolio owned-and-operated radio stations in large and mid-sized markets, affiliated radio stations in various other markets.
While CBS Corporation owns a 72% stake in Entercom, it no longer owns or operates any radio stations directly, though CBS still provides radio news broadcasts to its radio affiliates and the new owners of its former radio stations. The television network has more than 240 owned-and-operated and affiliated television stations throughout the United States; the company ranked 197th on the 2018 Fortune 500 of the largest United States corporations by revenue. The origins of CBS date back to January 27, 1927, with the creation of the "United Independent Broadcasters" network in Chicago by New York City talent-agent Arthur Judson; the fledgling network soon needed additional investors though, the Columbia Phonograph Company, manufacturers of Columbia Records, rescued it in April 1927. Columbia Phonographic went on the air on September 18, 1927, with a presentation by the Howard L. Barlow Orchestra from flagship station WOR in Newark, New Jersey, fifteen affiliates. Operational costs were steep the payments to AT&T for use of its land lines, by the end of 1927, Columbia Phonograph wanted out.
In early 1928 Judson sold the network to brothers Isaac and Leon Levy, owners of the network's Philadelphia affiliate WCAU, their partner Jerome Louchheim. None of the three were interested in assuming day-to-day management of the network, so they installed wealthy 26-year-old William S. Paley, son of a Philadelphia cigar family and in-law of the Levys, as president. With the record company out of the picture, Paley streamlined the corporate name to "Columbia Broadcasting System", he believed in the power of radio advertising since his family's "La Palina" cigars had doubled their sales after young William convinced his elders to advertise on radio. By September 1928, Paley bought out the Louchhheim share of CBS and became its majority owner with 51% of the business. During Louchheim's brief regime, Columbia paid $410,000 to A. H. Grebe's Atlantic Broadcasting Company for a small Brooklyn station, WABC, which would become the network's flagship station. WABC was upgraded, the signal relocated to 860 kHz.
The physical plant was relocated – to Steinway Hall on West 57th Street in Manhattan, where much of CBS's programming would originate. By the turn of 1929, the network could boast to sponsors of having 47 affiliates. Paley moved right away to put his network on a firmer financial footing. In the fall of 1928, he entered into talks with Adolph Zukor of Paramount Pictures, who planned to move into radio in response to RCA's forays into motion pictures with the advent of talkies; the deal came to fruition in September 1929: Paramount acquired 49% of CBS in return for a block of its stock worth $3.8 million at the time. The agreement specified that Paramount would buy that same stock back by March 1, 1932 for a flat $5 million, provided CBS had earned $2 million during 1931 and 1932. For a brief time there was talk that the network might be renamed "Paramount Radio", but it only lasted a month – the 1929 stock market crash sent all stock value tumbling, it galvanized Paley and his troops, who "had no alternative but to turn the network around and earn the $2,000,000 in two years....
This is the atmosphere in which the CBS of today was born." The near-bankrupt movie studio sold its CBS shares back to CBS in 1932. In the first year of Paley's wa
A crossover is the placement of two or more otherwise discrete fictional characters, settings, or universes into the context of a single story. They can arise from legal agreements between the relevant copyright holders, unauthorized efforts by fans or common corporate ownership. Crossovers occur in an official capacity in order for the intellectual property rights holders to reap the financial reward of combining two or more popular, established properties. In other cases, the crossover can serve to introduce a new concept derivative of an older one. Crossovers occur between properties owned by a single holder, but they can, more involve properties from different holders, provided that the inherent legal obstacles can be overcome, they may involve using characters that have passed into the public domain with those concurrently under copyright protection. A crossover story may try to explain its own reason for the crossover, such as characters being neighbors or meeting via dimensional rift or similar phenomenon.
Some crossovers are not explained at all. Others are absurd or impossible within the fictional setting, have to be ignored by the series' respective continuities. Still others intentionally make the relations between two or more fictional universes confusing, as with The Simpsons and Futurama, where each show is fiction in the other. Crossovers of multiple characters owned by one company or published by one publisher, have been used to set an established continuity, where characters can meet within one setting; this is true of comic book publishers, as different characters in various Marvel, DC or Valiant comic books interact with one another since they live in a "shared universe". For example, in the Marvel Comics universe, Spider-Man has frequent dealings with another Marvel hero, just as in the DC Comics Universe, the Flash and Green Lantern collaborate. In comic book terminology, these "guest star" roles are common enough that they are not considered crossovers. A crossover in comic book terms only occurs.
This has led to "crossover events", in which major occurrences are shown as affecting most or all of the stories in the shared universe. The earliest such crossover event was Gardner Fox's Zatanna's Search, which took place in Hawkman #4, Detective Comics #336, The Atom #19, Green Lantern #42, Detective Comics #355, Justice League of America #51; this story dealt with Zatanna attempting to reconnect with her father and seeking the aid of Hawkman, Robin, the Atom, Green Lantern, Elongated Man along the way. The first major crossover event was spearheaded by the Marvel Editor-in-Chief at the time, Jim Shooter; as a way to further toy sales he devised the Secret Wars crossover, which brought all the major Marvel heroes into a 12-issue miniseries to battle a common threat. After the threat was dealt with, they all returned to their regular titles. Secret Wars was hailed as both a critical and commercial success because the events of the crossover had lasting effects on the characters. Jim Shooter perfected his crossover technique at Valiant Comics with the Unity event.
Unity brought all the Valiant characters together to defeat Mothergod, but was told within the existing Valiant Comics titles. Readers were not obliged to buy all 18 chapters as the story was coherent when reading just one title, but far more layered when all were read. Like Secret Wars, the Unity crossover had lasting effects on the Valiant universe. Dark Horse Comics's Aliens Versus Predator comic book franchise was a success that continued into many video games, two movies and an Aliens Versus Predator Versus The Terminator comic; the comic crossovers from Raj Comics are famous in India, in which the super heroes meet to fight a common enemy. Many of these crossovers have occurred between Super Commando Dhruva. In Kohram, all the heroes in Raj Universe meet to finish Haru, an powerful enemy. Webcomics creators sometimes produce crossovers. In 2013, Archie Comics released a 12-part crossover of Capcom character Mega Man and Sega character Sonic the Hedgehog called "Worlds Collide". Taking place in issues of the Sonic the Hedgehog, Sonic Universe and Mega Man comic series from Archie, the crossover involved Dr. Eggman and Dr. Wily forming an alliance to take over both their universes and destroy their respective nemeses.
Sonic and Mega Man were tricked into fighting each other, but joined forces and teamed up with other heroes to battle the doctors' forces, which included every Robot Master introduced in the Mega Man games. The popularity of this crossover and the books involved led to a second crossover in 2015 entitled "Worlds Unite", which not only reunited Sonic and Mega Man but featured comics-exclusive characters from both of their books, the Mega Man X and Sonic Boom spinoff franchises and various other SEGA and Capcom franchises; this crossover was enabled by the conclusion of the first crossover, which saw a reboot to the Sonic books as their universe was drastically rewrit