Where Is Everybody?
"Where Is Everybody?" is the first episode of the American anthology television series The Twilight Zone. It was broadcast on October 2, 1959 on CBS. A man finds himself alone on a dirt road dressed in a U. S. Air Force flight suit, having no memory of how he got there, he finds a diner and walks in to find a jukebox playing loudly and a hot pot of coffee on the stove, but there are no other people besides himself. He accidentally breaks a clock, upon which the jukebox stops playing; the man walks toward a nearby town. Like the diner, the rest of the town seems deserted, but the man seems to find evidence of someone being there recently; the man grows unsettled as he wanders through the empty town, needing someone to talk to but at the same time feeling that he is being watched. In a soda shop, the man notices an entire spinning rack of paperback books titled The Last Man on Earth, Feb. 1959. As night falls, the lights in the park turn on, leading the man to a movie theater, the marquee of, illuminated.
He remembers he is an Air Force soldier from Battle Hymn. When the film begins onscreen, he runs to the projection booth and finds nobody there becomes more paranoid that he is being watched. Running through the streets in a panic, the man hits a pedestrian call button; the call button is revealed to be a panic button: the man, whose name is given as Sgt. Mike Ferris, is in an isolation booth being observed by a group of uniformed servicemen, he has been undergoing tests to determine his fitness as an astronaut and whether he can handle a prolonged trip to the Moon alone, though the town was a hallucination caused by sensory deprivation. The officiating general warns Ferris that while his basic needs will be provided for in space travel, he will not have companionship: "next time be alone". Ferris is carried from the hangar on a stretcher as he tells the Moon in the sky not to "go away up there", reminding himself of the loneliness he faces. Earl Holliman as Mike Ferris James Gregory as General Garry Walberg as Colonel Serling's original pilot for The Twilight Zone was "The Happy Place", which revolved around a society in which people were executed upon reaching the age of 60, being considered no longer useful.
CBS executive William Self rejected the story, feeling it was too dark. Unlike other episodes, which were filmed at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, "Where is Everybody?" was filmed at Universal. The episode featured Westbrook Van Voorhis as narrator; when Voorhis was unavailable for episodes, Serling re-recorded the narration himself for consistency. Serling notably changed the opening narration to place the Twilight Zone within the fifth dimension, among other alterations. Serling adapted "Where is Everybody?" for a novelization titled Stories From the Twilight Zone. Serling grew dissatisfied with the lack of science fiction content and changed the story to include Ferris discovering a movie ticket in his pocket while on the stretcher. A variation on this plotline was used in the episode "King Nine Will Not Return"; the New York Times praised the episode, saying that Serling proved "that science cannot foretell what may be the effect of total isolation on a human being", though " resolution... seemed trite and anticlimactic.
In the desultory field of filmed half-hour drama, however, Mr. Serling should not have much trouble in making his mark. At least his series promises to be different. Charles Beaumont praised the episode in The Magazine of Fantasy and Science-Fiction, writing that he "read Serling's first script... Old stuff? Of course. I thought so at the time... but there was one element in the story which kept me from my customary bitterness. The element was quality. Quality shone on every page, it shone in the scene set-ups. And because of this, the story seemed new and powerful. There was one compromise, but it was made for the purpose of selling the series." DeVoe, Bill.. Trivia from The Twilight Zone. Albany, GA: Bear Manor Media. ISBN 978-1-59393-136-0 Grams, Martin.. The Twilight Zone: Unlocking the Door to a Television Classic. Churchville, MD: OTR Publishing. ISBN 978-0-9703310-9-0 Full video of the episode at CBS.com "Where Is Everybody?" on IMDb "Where Is Everybody?" at TV.com
Softball is a variant of baseball played with a larger ball on a field that has base lengths of 60 feet, a pitcher's mound that ranges from 35-43 feet away from home plate, a homerun fence, 220 feet away from home plate. It was invented in 1887 in Chicago, United States as an indoor game; the game moves at a faster pace than traditional baseball. There is less time for the base runner to get to first; the name softball was given to the game in 1926, because the ball used to be soft, however in modern day usage, the balls are hard. A tournament held in 1933 at the Chicago World's Fair spurred interest in the game; the Amateur Softball Association of America governs the game in the United States and sponsors annual sectional and World Series championships. The World Baseball Softball Confederation regulates rules of play in more than 110 countries, including the United States and Canada. Women's fast pitch softball became a Summer Olympic sport in 1996, but it and baseball were dropped from the 2012 Games.
There are three types of softball. In the most common type, slow-pitch softball, the ball, which can measure either 11 or 12 inches in circumference depending on gender and league, must arch on its path to the batter, there are 10 players on the field at once. In fastpitch softball, the pitch is fast, there are nine players on the field at one time, bunting and stealing bases are permitted. Modified softball restricts the "windmill" wind-up used by fastpitch pitchers, although the pitcher is allowed to throw as hard as possible with the restricted back swing. Softball rules vary somewhat from those of baseball. Two major differences are that the ball must be pitched underhand—from 46 ft for men or 43 ft for women as compared with 60.5 ft in baseball—and that seven innings instead of nine constitute a regulation game. Despite the name, the ball used in softball is not soft, it is about 12 in in circumference, 3 in larger than a baseball. Softball recreational leagues for children use 11-inch balls until they participate in travel ball around age 12 and adjust to a 12-inch sized ball.
The infield in softball is smaller than on an adult or high school baseball diamond but identical to that used by Little League Baseball. In fast pitch softball the entire infield is dirt, whereas the infield in baseball is grass except at the bases and on the pitcher's mound which are dirt. Softball mounds are flat, while baseball mounds are a small hill. Softballs are pitched underhand; this changes the arc of the ball. For example, depending if the pitcher pitches a fastball, in softball the ball would most rise while in baseball because the pitcher is on a hill, the ball would drop; the earliest known softball game was played in Chicago, Illinois on Thanksgiving Day, 1887. It took place at the Farragut Boat Club at a gathering to hear the outcome of the Yale University and Harvard University football game; when the score was announced and bets were settled, a Yale alumnus threw a boxing glove at a Harvard supporter. The Harvard fan swung at the rolled up glove. George Hancock, a reporter there, called out "Play ball!" and the game began, with the boxing glove tightened into a ball, a broom handle serving as a bat.
This first contest ended with a score of 41–40. The ball, being soft, was fielded barehanded. George Hancock is credited as the game's inventor for his development of a 17" ball and an undersized bat in the next week; the Farragut Club soon set rules for the game, which spread to outsiders. Envisioned as a way for baseball players to maintain their skills during the winter, the sport was called "Indoor Baseball". Under the name of "Indoor-Outdoor", the game moved outside in the next year, the first rules were published in 1889. In 1895 Lewis Rober, Sr. of Minneapolis organized outdoor games as exercise for firefighters. Rober's version of the game used a ball 12 inches in circumference, rather than the 16-inch ball used by the Farragut club, the Minneapolis ball prevailed, although the dimensions of the Minneapolis diamond were passed over in favor of the dimensions of the Chicago one. Rober may not have been familiar with the Farragut Club rules. Fire Station No. 19 in Minneapolis, Rober's post from 1896 to 1906, was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in part for its association with the sport's development.
The first softball league outside the United States was organized in Toronto in 1897. The name "softball" dates back to 1926; the name was coined by Walter Hakanson of the YMCA at a meeting of the National Recreation Congress. The name softball had spread across the United States by 1930. By the 1930s, similar sports with different rules and names were being played all over the United States and Canada. By 1936, the Joint Rules Committee on Softball had standardized the rules and naming throughout the United States. Sixteen-inch softball sometimes referred to as "mush ball" or "super-slow pitch", is a direct descendant of Hancock's original game. Defensive players are not allowed to wear fi
A Stop at Willoughby
"A Stop at Willoughby" is episode 30 of the American television anthology series The Twilight Zone. Rod Serling cited this as his favorite story from the first season of the series. Gart Williams is a contemporary New York City advertising executive who has grown exasperated with his career, his overbearing boss, Oliver Misrell, angered by the loss of a major account, lectures him about this "push-push-push" business. Unable to sleep properly at home, he drifts off for a short nap on the train during his daily commute through the November snow, he wakes to find the train stopped and his car now a 19th-century railway car, deserted except for himself. The sun is bright outside, as he looks out the window, he discovers that the train is in a town called Willoughby and that it's July 1888, he learns that this is a "peaceful, restful place, where a man can slow down to a walk and live his life full measure." Being jerked back awake into the real world, he asks the conductor if he has heard of Willoughby, but the conductor replies, "Not on this run...no Willoughby on the line."
That night, he has another argument with his shrewish wife Jane. Selfish and uncaring, she makes him see that he is only a money machine to her, he tells her about his dream and about Willoughby, only to have her ridicule him as being "born too late", declaring it her "miserable tragic error" to have married a man "whose big dream in life is to be Huckleberry Finn." The next week, Williams again dozes off on the train and returns to Willoughby where everything is the same as before. As he is about to get off the train carrying his briefcase, the train begins to roll, returning him to the present. Williams promises himself to get off at Willoughby next time. Experiencing a breakdown at work, he calls his wife. On his way home, once again he falls asleep to find himself in Willoughby; this time, as the conductor warmly beckons him to the door, Williams intentionally leaves his briefcase on the train. Getting off the train, he is greeted by name by various inhabitants who welcome him while he tells them he's glad to be there and plans to stay and join their idyllic life.
The swinging pendulum of the station clock fades into the swinging lantern of a train engineer, standing over Williams' body. The 1960 conductor explains to the engineer that Williams "shouted something about Willoughby", before jumping off the train and was killed instantly. Williams' body is loaded into a hearse; the back door of the hearse closes to reveal the name of the funeral home: Son. The "Stamford" and the "Westport/Saugatuck" stops called out by the conductor in the episode exist in real life – Metro-North Railroad stops in Fairfield County, include Stamford and the Westport station serves the town of Westport, where series creator Rod Serling once lived. Gart Williams' home phone number of Capital 7-9899 is a legitimate telephone exchange in Westport. "Beautiful Dreamer", a popular song in Ohio at the time, can be heard being played by a band in the episode. The 2000 TV movie For All Time starring Mark Harmon was based on this episode. Willoughby, Ohio, is the only town with that name in all of the United States, but there is a street called'Willoughby Avenue' within the greater Hollywood area, only a few miles from the Sony Pictures Studios where nearly all Twilight Zone episodes were shot.
Willoughby, Ohio calls its annual neighborhood festival "Last Stop: Willoughby" in honor of the episode. One of the last episodes of Thirtysomething pays homage to this episode, it has the same title, in it Michael experiences a crisis similar to that of Williams, though it does not end tragically. The character Willoughby in Richard Linklater's Everybody Wants Some!!, is a Twilight Zone fanatic and owns every episode on VHS. He pays homage to the episode as he is 30 years old and skips from college to college under the false name of Willoughby so he can keep playing baseball and live the college lifestyle; the British electronic music outfit Funki Porcini sampled audio portions of “A Stop At Willoughby” on the song “The Deep” from their 1995 debut CD'Hed Phone Sex' on Shadow Records. In the TV series Stargate Atlantis episode, The Real World, Dr. Elizabeth Weir awakens in the Acute Care Unit of Willoughby State Hospital, a psychiatric hospital, she is told her memories of the last 2 years off-world was a fantasy and that she had imagined the Stargate project.
Matthew Weiner, creator of the TV series Mad Men, acknowledged the influence of The Twilight Zone on his work. Weiner said. List of The Twilight Zone episodes Zicree, Marc Scott: The Twilight Zone Companion. Sillman-James Press, 1982 DeVoe, Bill.. Trivia from The Twilight Zone. Albany, GA: Bear Manor Media. ISBN 978-1-59393-136-0 Grams, Martin.. The Twilight Zone: Unlocking the Door to a Television Classic. Churchville, MD: OTR Publishing. ISBN 978-0-9703310-9-0 "A Stop at Willoughby" on IMDb "A Stop at Willoughby" at TV.com
J. Pat O'Malley
James Patrick Francis O'Malley was an English singer and character actor, who appeared in many American films and television programmes from the 1940s to 1982, using the stage name J. Pat O'Malley, he appeared on the Broadway stage in Ten Little Indians and Dial M for Murder. A New York Times drama critic praised O'Malley's performance in Ten Little Indians, calling him "a rara avis, a comedian who does not gauge the success of his efforts by the number of laughs he induces at each performance". Born into an Irish family in Burnley, Lancashire, O’Malley began his career in entertainment in 1925 as a recording artist and as principal singer with Jack Hylton and his orchestra in the United Kingdom from 1930 to 1933. Known at that time as Pat O'Malley, he recorded more than four hundred popular songs of the day. In 1930 he sang Amy, Wonderful Amy, a song about aviator Amy Johnson, performed by Jack Hylton's band, he began a solo recording career in 1935 in parallel with his work with Hylton. At the end of 1935 Hylton and O'Malley came to the United States to record with a band composed of American musicians, thus emulating Ray Noble and Al Bowlly.
The venture was short-lived. O'Malley remained in the US, known professionally as J. Pat O'Malley. O'Malley guest-starred in 1951 as a sheriff on Bill Williams's syndicated western series, The Adventures of Kit Carson. From 1950-55, he appeared in five episodes of The Philco-Goodyear Television Playhouse. From 1951-57 he was cast in eight episodes of Robert Montgomery Presents. Other television work from this period include roles in Walt Disney's Spin and Marty film and serial as the always-faithful ranch steward, Perkins. In 1956 he guest-starred in one of the last episodes, "The Guilty", of the NBC legal drama Justice, based on case files of the Legal Aid Society of New York. In 1958 he was a guest star in "Peter Gunn" as Homer Tweed, he appeared in Rod Cameron's syndicated City Detective in the episode "Found in a Pawnshop". In 1960 O'Malley was cast in Coronado 9, set in San Diego. In 1959 and 1960 O'Malley portrayed a judge and a newspaper editor in three episodes of the ABC western series The Rebel, starring Nick Adams, as a roaming former Confederate soldier.
On January 6, 1959 O'Malley played a priest in the episode "The Secret of the Mission" on the syndicated adventure series Rescue 8, starring Jim Davis and Lang Jeffries. In the storyline the priest is trapped with a would-be thief named Carlos under the roof of a collapsed church. O'Malley was cast as Walter Morgan in the 1959 episode "The First Gold Brick" of the NBC western series The Californians. In 1959-1960 he made eight appearances as Judge Caleb Marsh in Black Saddle. In 1959 he was cast as Dr Hardy in an early episode of Hennesey. In season 3, Episode 10, titled "The Medicine Man", of the television series Wanted: Dead or Alive starring Steve McQueen, O'Malley played the character of Doc, he appeared in the role of a bank president in an episode of The Real McCoys titled "The Bank Loan", released 15 January 1959. In 1960 O'Malley made guest appearances on The Tab Hunter Show, The Law and Mr. Jones, Johnny Midnight, Johnny Staccato and Son, Adventures in Paradise, The Islanders, Going My Way, The Tall Man.
He made numerous guest appearances on CBS's Perry Mason, including as the defendant in the 1960 episode "The Case of the Prudent Prosecutor" and as the murderer in the 1961 episode "The Case of the Roving River". In 1961 O'Malley appeared in different roles. In the episode "The Has-Been" he had the title role, playing a fading entertainer grieving over the loss of his wife. In one poignant scene, O'Malley displayed his song and dance talent as he performed for an imaginary audience in an abandoned dance hall; that year he guest-starred in the television version of Bus Stop and the following year appeared in two episodes of The Twilight Zone, "The Fugitive" and "Mr. Garrity and the Graves", he guest-starred twice on The Lloyd Bridges Show in that series' 1962-1963 season. He co-starred with Spring Byington in the 1964 episode "This Train Don't Stop Till It Gets There" of The Greatest Show on Earth. During the 1963-1964 season O'Malley appeared in eight episodes of My Favorite Martian and returned to The Twilight Zone, playing a bit part in the episode "The Self-Improvement of Salvatore Ross".
In the 1964-1965 season, he was cast in Me. O'Malley appeared in the Hogan's Heroes episode "How to Cook a German Goose by Radar" in 1966, the 1967 episode "D-Day at Stalag 13". In 1966 he appeared as Ed Breck in the episode "Win Place and Die" of Jack Sheldon's short-lived sitcom Run, Run, he appeared as "Vince" in The Rounders. In the 1966 episode "The Four Dollar Law Suit" of the syndicated western series Death Valley Days, O'Malley played the lawyer for Alfred Hall, a country chicken farmer who sues an insurance company for underpaying him four dollars after his chicken coop burns to the ground. In 1969 O'Malley portrayed Carol Brady's father in the first episode of ABC's The Brady Bunch; the name "Fleming" was used in O'Malley's first two appearances on The Fugitive. In 1973 O'Malley starred with Shirley Booth in the short-lived comedy A Touch of Grace, he made several appearances on Maude between 1973 and 1975.
A queen consort is the wife of a reigning king. A queen consort shares her husband's social rank and status, she holds the feminine equivalent of the king's monarchical titles, but she does not share the king's political and military powers. A queen regnant is a queen in her own right with all the powers of a monarch, who has become queen by inheriting the throne upon the death of the previous monarch. In Brunei, the wife of the Sultan is known as a Raja Isteri with prefix Pengiran Anak, equivalent to queen consort in English, as were the consorts of tsars when Bulgaria was still a monarchy; the title of king consort for the husband of a reigning queen is not unheard of. Examples are: Lord Darnley, in Scotland. Where some title other than that of king is held by the sovereign, his wife is referred to by the feminine equivalent, such as princess consort or empress consort. In monarchies where polygamy has been practiced in the past, or is practiced today, the number of wives of the king varies.
In Morocco, King Mohammed VI has broken with tradition and given his wife, Lalla Salma, the title of princess. Prior to the reign of King Mohammed VI, the Moroccan monarchy had no such title. In Thailand, the king and queen must both be of royal descent; the king's other consorts are accorded royal titles. Other cultures maintain different traditions on queenly status. A Zulu chieftain designates one of his wives as "Great Wife", which would be the equivalent to queen consort. Conversely, in Yorubaland, all of a chief's consorts are of equal rank. Although one of their number the one, married to the chief for the longest time, may be given a chieftaincy of her own to highlight her higher status when compared to the other wives; when a woman is to be vested with an authority similar to that of the chief, she is a lady courtier in his service, not married to him, but, expected to lead his female subjects on his behalf. In general, the consorts of monarchs have no power per se when their position is constitutionally or statutorily recognized.
However the queen consort of a deceased king has served as regent if her child, the successor to the throne, was still a minor—for example: Anne of Kiev, wife of Henry I of France Munjeong, mother of King Myeongjong of Korea Mary of Guise, mother of Mary, Queen of Scots Catherine of Austria, grandmother of Sebastian of Portugal Marie de Medici, mother of Louis XIII of France Kösem Sultan, mother of Sultan Murad IV of the Ottoman Empire Luisa de Guzmán, mother of Afonso VI of Portugal Lakshmi Bai, the Rani of Jhansi and mother of Damodar Rao Maria Christina of Austria, mother of Alfonso XIII of Spain Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont, mother of Wilhelmina of the Netherlands Anna Khanum, mother of Abbas II of Persia Helen of Greece, mother of King Michael of RomaniaBesides these examples, there have been many cases of queens consort being shrewd or ambitious stateswomen and unofficially, being among the king's most trusted advisors. In some cases, the queen consort has been the chief power behind her husband's throne.
Past queens consort: Queen Jang, consort to Sukjong of Joseon. Demoted back in 1694 to the rank of hui-bin, Royal Noble Consort Joseon rank 1 Queen Marie Antoinette, consort to Louis XVI of France Queen Charlotte was George III's consort for 57 years, 70 days, between 1761 and 1818, making her Britain's longest-tenured queen consort. Queen Mary, consort of George V Queen Elizabeth, consort of George VI Queen Fabiola, consort of Baudouin I of the Belgians Queen Paola, consort of Albert II of Belgium Queen Anne Marie, consort of Constantine II of Greece Queen Geraldine, consort of Zog I of Albania Queen Marie José, consort of Umberto II of Italy Queen Kapiolani, consort of King Kalākaua of Hawaiʻi Queen Soraya Tarzi, consort of King Amanullah Khan of Afghanistan Tsaritsa Ioanna, consort of Tsar Boris III of Bulgaria Queen Regent Saovabha Phongsri, consort of Chulalongkorn of Siam Panapillai Amma Srimathi Lakshmi Pilla Kochamma Chempakaraman Arumana Ammaveedu, wife of Visakham Thirunal Maharajah of Travancore Queen Catherine, first queen consort of Henry VIII of England, was regent when he was in a war in France.
Queen Hortense, consort of Louis Bonaparte, King of Holland Shahbanu Farah Pahlavi, consort of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, Shah of Iran Queen Wilhelmine, consort of William I of the Netherlands Queen Anna Pavlovna, consort of William II of the Netherlands Queen Sophie, first consort of William III of the Netherlands Queen Emma, second consort of William III of the Netherlands: When William died on 23 November 1890, Emma became regent for her underaged daughter, the late king's only surviving child. Queen Ratna, second consort of Mahendra of Nepal Queen Sirikit, consort of King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand Queen Ruth, consort of Seretse Khama, King of the Bamangwato Tswanas of BotswanaPast empresses consort: Empress Theodora, consort of Justinian I, East Roman Emperor Empress Ruqaiya Sultan Begum, consort of Akbar the Great, the third Mughal Emperor. Empress Hürrem Sultan, consort of Suleiman the Magnificent, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, her imperial title was Haseki Sultan Empress Nur Jahan, consort of Jahangir, Mughal Emperor Empress Maria Theresa of Austria, consort of Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor Titular Empress Carlota Joaquina of Spain, consort of John VI
Roller skates are shoes, or bindings that fit onto shoes, that are worn to enable the wearer to roll along on wheels. The first roller skate was an ice skate with wheels replacing the blade; the "quad" style of roller skate became more popular consisting of four wheels arranged in the same configuration as a typical car. While the first reported use of roller skates was on a London stage in 1743, the first patented roller skate was introduced in 1760 by Belgian inventor John Joseph Merlin, his roller skate wasn't much more than an ice skate with wheels where the blade goes, a style we would call inline today. They were hard to steer and hard to stop because they didn't have brakes and, as such, were not popular; the initial "test piloting" of the first prototype of the skate was in the city of Huy, which had a party with Merlin playing the violin. In the 1840s, Meyerbeer's Opera, Le prophète featured a scene in which performers used roller-skates to simulate ice-skating on a frozen lake set on stage.
The result was to popularize roller skating throughout the Continent. As ice skaters subsequently developed the art of figure skating, roller skaters wanted the ability to turn in their skates in a similar fashion. In 1863, James Plimpton from Massachusetts invented the "rocking" skate and used a four-wheel configuration for stability, independent axles that turned by pressing to one side of the skate or the other when the skater wants to create an edge; this was a vast improvement on the Merlin design, easier to use and drove the huge popularity of roller skating, dubbed "rinkomania" in the 1860s and 1870s, which spread to Europe and around the world, continued through the 1930s. The Plimpton skate is still used today. Roller skating evolved from just a pastime to a competitive sport. In the mid 1990s roller hockey, played with a ball rather than a puck, became so popular that it made an appearance in the Olympics in 1992; the National Sporting Goods Association statistics showed, from a 1999 study, that 2.5 million people played roller hockey.
Roller Skating has never become an Olympic event. Other roller skating sports include roller derby. Roller skating popularity tapered off in the 80s and 90s; the Roller Skating Rink Operators Association was developed in the U. S in 1937, it is named the Roller Skating Association. The association promotes roller skating and offers classes to the public, aiming to educate the population about roller skating; the current president is Bobby Pender. The Roller Skating Association headquarters is located in Indianapolis; the Roller Skating Association's web page offers some health benefits of roller skating. Some of the benefits they list include: Providing a complete aerobic workout Burning 330 calories per hour while skating 6 miles per hour for a 143-pound person or 600 calories while skating 10 miles per hour. A study from the University of Massachusetts found that in-line skating causes less than 50% of the impact shock to joints compared to running. Roller skating is equivalent to jogging in terms of health benefits The American Heart Association recommends roller skating as an aerobic fitness sport.
Roller skating Inline skates Ice skates Roller shoe "How Rink Rollers Are Made", by George W. Waltz – November 1951 article on how roller skates are manufactured Court Case Brought by Roller Skating Rinks About Taxes History of Roller Skating In Canada homepage for USA Roller Sports Roller Skating Museum