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The Function of Dream Sleep

"The Function of Dream Sleep" is a fantasy short story by American writer Harlan Ellison, first published in his 1988 anthology Angry Candy. Ellison stated. While grieving the deaths of several of his close friends, McGrath awakens from sleep to find that he is being bitten by an enormous mouth full of teeth. In seeking to understand what has happened, he discovers a hidden truth about the world; the story won the 1989 Locus Award for Best Novelette, was a finalist for the 1989 Hugo Award for Best Novelette and the 1988 Bram Stoker Award for Best Long Fiction. Kirkus Reviews has described it as "Ellison aptly dramatizing his own emotional catharsis." Gary K. Wolfe and Ellen Weil have criticized the story both for the central premise — stating that the mouth does not represent "McGrath's pain and loss but his refusal or inability to process mature grief" — and for its structure, which they consider to be parallel to "any number of science fiction wish-fulfillment fantasies involving secret masters", thus "inappropriate for a tale of suffering"

Blakistone Island Light

The Blackistone Island Light was a lighthouse located on what is now St. Clement's Island on the Potomac River in Maryland, it is best known as the target of a Confederate raid in the Civil War. Completed in 1851, the structure was destroyed by fire in 1956 and its shell was razed; the lighthouse replica can be visited on weekends from June through October. After driving to the St. Clement's Island Museum, one may take a water taxi on weekends and walk the grounds. A 50-foot cross is on the island; the lighthouse is open on the first Sunday of every month from June through October. Congress appropriated $3,500 for the construction of a lighthouse on the island in 1848, he designed an integral lighthouse, a two-story brick keeper's dwelling with a tower through its center, which sat on a 2-acre plot at the southern tip of the island. Construction was completed, the light lit, in 1851; the lighthouse, like many in the South, was a target for Confederate raiders. In 1864, CSA Captain John Goldsmith, a former owner of the island, led a party which destroyed the lighthouse lens and confiscated the oil used to light it.

Keeper Jerome McWilliams, an acquaintance of the captain's, succeeded in convincing the men not to destroy the lighthouse because his wife was pregnant. The United States Navy purchased the island in 1919 and razed most structures on it, leaving only the lighthouse and building piers and a landing strip; the light was automated in 1932 and left unattended decaying over the next twenty years. Fire gutted the structure on July 16, 1956. In any event, the Navy ordered it razed. Through the efforts of the St. Clement's Hundred, a local community organization created for the preservation of St. Clement's Island, a replica of the Blackistone Lighthouse was constructed and completed in June 2008. "Blakistone Island Light". Chesapeake Chapter, USLHS. 2001. "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Maryland". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. Greenwell, Megan. "Rebuilt Lighthouse To Crown St. Clement's". Washington Post. Blackistone Lighthouse Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of the United States: Maryland".

The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Phil Giebler

Philip Giebler is an American race car driver. Giebler was considered a top American prospect with an opportunity to race in Formula One early in his career. Following years in various Formula Three ranks, Giebler ran in Formula 3000 in 2003 half the season putting up a number of good results, he returned stateside in 2004 running in the Infiniti Pro Series and Toyota Atlantic, capturing a win in his IPS debut at Homestead-Miami Speedway, before being named as one of A1 Grand Prix A1 Team USA's drivers. He competed in the 2005-2006 season, the early part of the 2006-2007 season before being replaced by Jonathan Summerton. Driving for Playa Del Racing, he qualified for the last starting position and was one of two rookie drivers to race in the 2007 Indianapolis 500, but crashed and finished 29th. Despite this, he was the recipient of the Indianapolis 500 Rookie of the Year award for 2007. For 2008, he unsuccessfully attempted to qualify for the Indianapolis 500 with the same team, now known as American Dream Motorsports.

1 Run on same day. 2 Non-points-paying, exhibition race. Philip Giebler's Website Profile at Racing Reference database Articles, photos & video's at

Rupert Bunny

Rupert Charles Wulsten Bunny was an Australian painter, born in St Kilda, Victoria. He achieved success and critical acclaim as an expatriate in fin-de-siècle Paris, he gained an honourable mention at the Paris Salon of 1890 with his painting Tritons and a bronze medal at the Paris Exposition Universelle in 1900 with his Burial of St Catherine of Alexandria. The French state acquired 13 of his works for regional collections, he was a "sumptuous colourist and splendidly erudite painter of ideal themes, the creator of the most ambitious Salon paintings produced by an Australian." Bunny was the third son of a Victorian County Court judge, Brice Frederick Bunny, Marie Hedwig Dorothea Wulsten. He studied at Calderon's art school in London. After 18 months he went to Paris to study at the atelier of Jean-Paul Laurens. Between 1893 and 1907, he was a frequent visitor to the Étaples art colony and has left some memorable paintings, among them the atmospheric Light on the Canche and Rainy Weather at Étaples, now in the Art Gallery of New South Wales.

Both these date from 1902, the year he married Jeanne Heloise Morel, a former art student and model, who appeared in his paintings. Bunny continued to live in France until 1911. For a number of years afterwards he travelled forth between Australia and France. After his wife died in 1933, he returned permanently to Australia and settled in South Yarra, Victoria. Media related to Rupert Bunny at David. "Bunny, Rupert Charles Wulsten". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 23 December 2009. Rupert Bunny at the Art Gallery of New South Wales Biography at Philip Bacon Galleries Short biography and some pictures at Eva Breuer gallery Artcyclopedia "Rupert Bunny: what lies beneath?" by Christopher Allen, The Australian, 12 December 2009

Dancing Dots

Dancing Dots Braille Music Technology, L. P. is an American company based in Philadelphia, founded in 1992 to develop and adapt music technology for the blind. Its founder, Bill McCann, is a blind musician. Among the products it offers are several programs that produce a musical version of Braille by converting print musical notation, allowing blind musicians access to the scores used by their sighted counterparts; the company offers programs that aid blind musicians in transcribing their compositions to Braille. Dancing Dots created the latter products to help speed the process of Braille transcription for blind composers, who might otherwise have to wait between two weeks and six months to have their compositions transcribed by one of the less than one hundred certified Braille music transcribers in the United States. Dancing Dots has developed more products to help blind musicians in the areas of MIDI and digital audio production and musical instruction; the company was founded in 1992 by Bill McCann, a blind trumpeter.

It struggled financially in its early years in the long lead between developing technology and releasing its first product in 1997, a difficult period assisted by federal contracts beginning in 1994. In 1997, the company released its GOODFEEL Braille Music Translator to positive reviews; the product was well received, its company was a success. In 1999, the company, a recipient of a Small Business Innovation Research Grant, was part of a display of assistive technology at the White House. In 2000, Dancing Dots released CakeTalking for SONAR, JAWS scripts and tutorials that provide access to Cakewalk Sonar, a digital audio workstation, for blind or visually impaired users. Dancing Dots maintains a website at which it markets its products, as well as related and complementary products by other companies. Dancing Dots has customers throughout the U. S. and twenty-six other countries. With GOODFEEL combined with a few mainstream products, sighted musicians can prepare a Braille score with no knowledge of braille.

Music scanning software can be used to speed data entry. Blind users can make sound recordings and print and Braille editions of their compositions; the company provides customers who may not need to purchase their own copy of GOODFEEL a transcription service for individual scores. Dancing Dots is the publisher of several courses to assist blind musicians, including An Introduction to Music for the Blind Student: A Course in Braille Music Reading and An Introduction to the Piano for the Blind Student. Official Website

Escola de Sagres

The School of Sagres called Court of Sagres according to some historians was a group of scientific Portuguese personalities and techniques related to ocean navigation of the fifteenth century, formed around the infant Enrique, nicknamed the Navigator in Sagres near Cape St. Vincent, the southwestern end of the Iberian Peninsula, in the Algarve. While it is proven that the nearby port of Lagos was the starting point for numerous expeditions of exploration and colonization along the African coast and Atlantic islands, the existence of the School of Sagres has been questioned by some historians, All historians agree that at least since the death of Prince Henry, the driver of the Portuguese discoveries center was Lisbon; the first written mention of the concept of School of Sagres dating from the seventeenth century by the English Samuel Purchas, although in the sixteenth century Damião de Gois pointed out a similar idea. Portuguese and English historians settled and popularized the term on.

In the nineteenth century began to spread a version of the biography of Prince Henry whereby he would have installed his court in Sagres in 1418, shortly after the capture of Ceuta by the Portuguese. There would be formed around him the best of "science and navigation" and building a shipyard and a palace with the first observatory in Portugal, they wrote that Sagres represented modern refounding "the systematic study of applied science" in Christendom". Others nuanced that, more than a nautical school in the modern concept of the word, Sagres was a meeting place for sailors and scientists to exchange information and techniques, designing maps and organize expeditions; the diverse religious status of the members of the alleged Sagres school, the ability to remotely connect them with the Templars given the fact that Prince Henry was the commander of the Order of Christ, have increased the romantic halo that sometimes appears. According to the critical view, the Portuguese learned navigation in a practical way, on the decks of the ships, not being able to find archaeological and documentary support for the "Escola de Sagres", they consider it a myth of Portuguese history.

The majorcan school influence on the Portuguese "navigation know how" is asserted by Julio Rey Pastor who says in his book La Cartografía Mallorquina.. ".. That Jehuda Cresques acted as founder and director of the Escola de Sagres, was known to historians for over a century, with doubts on which mestre Jacome from Majorca corresponded to the mestre Jacome contracted by Prince Henry, but it's unforgivable some scholars arrived to the point, to attribute the invention of portolans to the school of the Infante, if not to him personally.. but how could that make sense, being the school founded by the emigrated Cresques, when at his seventies he was tired of manufacturing planispheres, during half a century, for the insatiable Peter the Ceremonious and for his son, the map-maniac DON JOAN. On top of that one should not forget to include the testimony of Pacheco Pereira...:.. Muijos beneficios tem feytos o virtuoso Infante Dom Anrique a estes Reynos de Portugal, por que descubrió a ilha da Madeyra no anno de nosso senhor de mil CCCCXX, e ha mandau pouoar e mandou a Cicilia pellas canas de açuquar....

And he continues.. It's unforgivable as well, that those scholars, could dare to write on the subject without reading João de Barros, which states: "..mándou vir da ilha de Mallorca um mestre Jacome, hornera mui douto na arte de navegar, que fasia e instrumentos náuticos e que Ihe custou muito pelo trazer a este reino para ensinar sua sciencia aos officiaes portuguezes d'aquella mester.." João Gonçalves Zarco arrived at Porto Santo and Madeira, on the other part Diogo de Silves found the island of Santa Maria at Azores. In 1434 Gil Eanes doubled the westernmost point of Africa; this meant a period of twelve years to navigate across two hundred miles that separate the Cape Não from Cape Bojador. From this point, the Dark Sea was feared by Arab geographers for the difficulty of the return trip, sailing against the prevailing winds; this problem could be sorted out at the end, by means of high sea sailing, returning by a route far away from the coast. This breakthrough was achieved in the second quarter of the fifteenth century.

The suitable vessel was the Caravel, used for fishing and characterized for its robustness and shallowness, with a tonnage from 50 to 160 tonnes, with 1, 2 or 3 masts with triangular Latin sails. Angelino Dulcert Catalan chart Catalan cartography Memorias históricas Història de la Marina Catalana Abraham Cresques Arte de navegar Rocha, Danie. «Brasil: historiador nega existência da Escola de Sagres» Portolan charts from S. XIII to S. XVI - Additions, Updates