The Green Book is a short book setting out the political philosophy of Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi. The book was first published in 1975, it was "intended to be read by all people". It is said to have been inspired in part by The Little Red Book. Both were distributed both inside and outside their country of origin, "written in a simple, understandable style with many memorable slogans". An English translation was issued by the Libyan People's Committee, a bilingual English/Arabic edition was issued in London by Martin, Brian & O'Keeffe in 1976. During the Libyan Civil War, copies of the book were burned by anti-Gaddafi demonstrators. According to British author and former Greater London Council member George Tremlett, Libyan children spent two hours a week studying the book as part of their curriculum. Extracts were broadcast every day on radio, its slogans were found on billboards and painted on buildings in Libya. By 1993 lectures and seminars on The Green Book had been held at universities and colleges in France, Eastern Europe and Venezuela.
The Green Book has 110 pages. The Solution of the Problem of Democracy: The Authority of the People The Solution of the Economic Problem: Socialism The Social Basis of the Third International Theory The Green Book rejects both capitalism and communism, as well as representative democracy. Instead, it proposes a type of direct democracy overseen by the General People's Committee which allows direct political participation for all adult citizens; the book states that "Freedom of expression is the natural right of every person if they choose to behave irrationally, to express his or her insanity." The Green Book states that freedom of speech is based upon public ownership of book publishers, newspapers and radio stations, on the grounds that private ownership would be undemocratic. A paragraph in the book about abolishing money is similar to a paragraph in Frederick Engels' Principles of Communism. Gaddafi wrote: "The final step is when the new socialist society reaches the stage where profit and money disappear.
It is through transforming society into a productive society, through reaching in production a level where the material needs of the members of society are satisfied. On that final stage, profit will automatically disappear and there will be no need for money." The following table gives a chapter-by-chapter summary of the book. George Tremlett has lacking in a clash of ideas. Dartmouth College Professor Dirk Vandewalle describes the book as more a collection of aphorisms than a systematic argument. U. S. Ambassador David Mack called the book quite jumbled, with various ideas including "a fair amount of xenophobia" wrapped up in "strange mixture". Writing for the British Broadcasting Corporation, the journalist Martin Asser described the book as follows: "The theory claims to solve the contradictions inherent in capitalism and communism... In fact, it is little more than a series of fatuous diatribes, it is bitterly ironic that a text whose professed objective is to break the shackles... has been used instead to subjugate an entire population."The book caused a scandal in 1987, when West German ice hockey club ECD Iserlohn, led by Heinz Weifenbach, signed a US$900,000 advertising deal for the book.
Flavia Agnes is an Indian women's rights lawyer with expertise in marital and property law. She has written and published numerous articles, some of which have appeared in the journals Subaltern Studies and Political Weekly, Manushi, she writes on themes of minorities and the law and law, law in the context of women's movements, on issues of domestic violence, feminist jurisprudence, minority rights. Flavia Agnes began working in the field of women in law in the 1980s, at the beginning of the second phase of the women's movement, since 1988, Agnes has been a practicing lawyer at the Mumbai High Court, her own experience with domestic violence inspired her to become a women's rights lawyer. She advises the government on law implementation and advises the Ministry of Women and Child Development in Maharashtra. Along with Madhushree Dutta, Agnes is the co-founder of MAJLIS, meaning'association' in Arabic, "a legal and cultural resource centre" that campaigns for and provides legal representation for women on issues of matrimonial rights, child custody etc.
Since its inception in 1990, MAJLIS has provided legal services for 50,000 women, many of them destitute, counseled three times as many. Flavia Agnes was born in Mumbai, she grew up in Mangalore, Karnataka in a small town called Kadri, where she lived with her aunt. As one of six children, Agnes was the only child to stay in Mangalore. On the eve of her Secondary School Certificate exams, her aunt died, Agnes went to Aden and worked as a typist, her family returned to Mangalore after Agnes' father's death. After Agnes' father's death in her teenage years, the females in her family her mother and her aunt, became influential during her upbringing. Agnes, a Christian, was considered a religious minority in India, her religious affiliation affected various domains of her life, such as her marriage and her political motivations. Her mother had urged her to have an arranged marriage. Although she has not publicly disclosed the details of her marriage problems, she had a bad marriage and tried for a divorce.
The divorce proceedings took much longer than anticipated. As a Christian, Agnes was not entitled to'divorce on the grounds of cruelty' under the Christian Marriage Act and had to ask for a judicial separation; the church provided an outlet for Agnes to become politically active. She became inspired by engaging in church lecturers and listening to outside speakers one entitled: "Christ the Radical" that covered the anti-rape movement. Attending this event in particular inspired Agnes to join the Forum against Oppression of Women on. Prior to her marriage, Agnes had only completed her SSC exams. Agnes' greater involvement in the women's movement motivated her to study further to obtain meaningful employment, live independently and secure custody of her children; as a result, Agnes completed the Shreemati Nathibai Damodar Thackersey Women's University entrance exam and completed a Bachelor of Arts in Sociology with Distinction in 1980. Agnes completed an LLB in 1988 and began to practise law at the Mumbai High Court.
She completed her LLM from Mumbai University in 1992. She received an M. Phil from National Law School of India University, Bangalore in 1997. For her thesis, published by Oxford University Press, she worked on law and gender equality, examining the politics of personal laws in different religious communities those affecting women. Subsequent to her M. Phil, Agnes became a guest faculty at NLSIU, she is a member of the visiting faculty at National Academy of Legal Studies and Research and Jindal Global Law School. She continues to be called to universities in India and abroad for guest lectures and panel discussions covering issues of legal importance, she has taught in medical schools. Flavia Agnes was both similar and different to other feminists at the time regarding her work in law practice. Among other practicing lawyers, she was concerned with women's rights. More she was concerned with women's economic rights, her goal was to solve women's inequality and impoverishment within the Indian economic structure regarding property ownership.
She acknowledges that some Hindu women were not allowed any property, other women were allowed a small amount in the pre-colonial and civil time in India under the British law. Women gained more independence before marriage, but not in the sense of property law. Recognition In August 2018 Power Brands awarded Flavia Agnes the Bharatiya Manavata Vikas Puraskar for being a beacon of hope for millions of marginalized and disenfranchised women and children - giving them voice and strength to fight back, for her contribution to feminist jurisprudence, human rights law and gender studies in India, for Majlis – and everything that the organisation stands for. While death in the Indian judiciary system is handed out in cases described as "rarest of rare", Agnes and her team of lawyers at MAJLIS have been prominent critics of the death penalty and oppose it for all cases. Sometimes their opposition has been controversial as they opposed it for the accused in both the Nirbhaya case and the Shakti Mills case.
Agnes talks of a class bias when it comes to convicting rape accused and points out that as per the rules of Section 376E the accused must be "unrepentant repeat offenders". In both the aforementioned cases, not the case and according to Agnes, this type of judgement serves to "dilute" the'rarest of rare' premise. Agnes is against the concept that rape is worse than death or that a women, rape is a "zinda laash" pointing out
Acacia elata the cedar wattle or mountain cedar wattle is a tree found in eastern Australia. The tree can grow to a height of around 20 m when mature, with exceptional specimens reaching over 30 m, it has fissured bark with a dark brown to black colour at the base of the tree with terete branchlets that are hairy when young. The dark green evergreen leaves have a length of 2.5 to 9 cm with one prominent gland about halfway along. There are three to seven pairs of pinnae with a length of 7 to 23 cm with 8 to 22 pairs of discolourous pinnules that have a lanceolate shape and a length of 2 to 5 cm, it blooms between December and February producing inflorescences in panicles or racemes with spherical flower-heads that have a diameter of 7 to 10 mm and contain 30 to 55 pale yellow to cream coloured flowers. The straight, flat seed pods that form after flowering have a length of 4 to 17.5 cm and a width of 9 to 15 mm that are papery to leathery. The species was first formally described by the botanist George Bentham in 1842 as part of William Jackson Hooker's work Notes on Mimoseae, with a synopsis of species as published in the London Journal of Botany.
It was reclassified as Racosperma elatum by Leslie Pedley in 1987 returned to genus Acacia in 2006. It is sometimes confused with Acacia terminalis; the specific epithet refers to the plants tall, tree-like habit. The species is endemic to coastal areas of New South Wales, its native range extends from the Budawang Range in the south as afar as the Bellinger River in the north. It is sometimes escaping from gardens and is considered as a weed in wetter Warren and Jarrah Forest regions in the South West of Western Australia where it grows in loamy lateritic soils, it has become naturalised in other parts of Australia including Queensland and parts of Victoria. The habitat is near wet sclerophyll forest in various situations. An attractive plant with delicate foliage, it is sometimes seen in cultivation, its timber is attractive, close-grained and hard, is suitable for carpentry and turning. List of Acacia species Castro-Diez, P.. "Predicting Acacia invasive success in South Africa on the basis of functional traits, native climatic niche and human use".
Biodiversity and Conservation. 20: 2729–2743. Doi:10.1007/s10531-011-0101-5. Donaldson, J. E.. M.. R. U.. "The seed ecology of an ornamental wattle in South Africa — Why has Acacia elata not invaded a greater area?". South African Journal of Botany. 94: 40–45. Doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2014.05.004. Korit, Alexander. "Acacia Proteinase Inhibitors Purification and Properties of the Trypsin Inhibitors from Acacia elutu Seed". European Journal of Biochemistry. 115: 551–557. Doi:10.1111/j.1432-1033.1981.tb06238.x. Rehman, S.. F.. "The effect of seed hardening on the salinity tolerance of Acacia seeds". Seed Science and Technology. 26: 743–754
San Marino sent a delegation to compete at the 2002 Winter Olympics, in Salt Lake City, United States from 8–24 February 2002. This was the nation's sixth appearance at a Winter Olympic Games; the delegation consisted of alpine skier Gian Matteo Giordani. In his race, the giant slalom, he finished in last place of those. San Marino first entered Olympic competition at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome; the nation did not enter a Winter Olympic Games until Innsbruck in 1976. Excepting the 1980 and 1998 Winter Olympics, San Marino has participated in every edition of the Winter Olympics since, making Salt Lake City the nation's sixth Winter Olympics appearance; the Sammarinesi delegation consisted of Gian Matteo Giordani. He was selected as the flag bearer for the opening ceremony, he was the only athlete competing for San Marino at the 2002 Games. Gian Matteo Giordani was 17 years old at the time of the Salt Lake City Olympics. Giordani placed at 57th in the first and second runs, respectively. Giordani finished with a combined time of 2:48.31 and in 57th place overall, leaving him in last place among competitors that completed the course.
Official Olympic Reports Olympic Winter Games 2002, full results by sports-reference.com
The National Black Deaf Advocates is the leading advocacy organization for thousands of Black deaf and hard of hearing people in the United States. Black Deaf leaders were concerned that deaf and hard-of-hearing African-Americans were not adequately represented in leadership and policy decision-making activities that were affecting their lives. NBDA was established to address such concerns and serve as an advocacy organization that focuses on the needs of Black deaf and hard-of-hearing people in America, its mission statement is "to promote the leadership development and educational opportunities, social equality, to safeguard the general health and welfare of Black deaf and hard of hearing people." NBDA serves as the national advocate for thousands of hard of hearing African-Americans. As a non-profit, tax-exempt, consumer-led organization, NBDA is supported by its members and other interested in furthering the mission and strategic objectives of this esteemed organization. Membership includes not only African-American adults who are deaf and hard of hearing but deaf and hard-of-hearing people of all races, parents of children who are deaf or hard of hearing.
The Executive Board serves on a voluntary basis and has of deaf and hard-of-hearing individuals to govern NBDA. Its officers elected during the national conventions and elected board representatives from each region. NBDA has several ways in which it supports advocacy and advancement for Black Deaf Americans through programs and scholarships: When NBDA was founded, one of its concerns was to strengthen the educational and economic advancement of Black Deaf and hard-of-hearing people; that concern is still true, one of the ways that NBDA is working on promoting educational advancement is by providing educational scholarships to undergraduate and graduate black deaf students. Its college and youth programs prepare and provide tools for Black Deaf and hard of hearing youth and young adults with the leadership training/workshops, forum and educational activities to become future leaders. NBDA established two programs for youth and young adults: the Collegiate Black Deaf Student Leadership Institute and the Youth Empowerment Summit.
The Miss Black Deaf America beauty pageant is a competition for young Black Deaf women in areas of advocacy platform, unique talent, interview skills, style/grace. Since its inception in 1983, during the second National Black Deaf Advocates Conference in Philadelphia, the pageant has crowned more than 20 Miss Black Deaf America winners. In addition to the competition, the Miss Black Deaf America Pageant promotes young ladies through education and leadership opportunities for their professional and personal growth, it prepares them to be role models for today’s young girls. Miss Black Deaf America winners receive college scholarships towards supporting their educational goals; the Black Deaf Senior Citizen Program aims to develop and strengthen a support network for Black Deaf seniors. The NBDA Connections is the official publication of NBDA for NBDA members, it is published in every season. Members and supporters of NBDA can receive NBDA eNews via email by signing up at the website; the story of Black Deaf Advocates goes back to 1980, when the idea was brought up to a small group of locals in Washington, DC, meeting with the board of Deaf Pride.
The prow were concerned about identifying Black Deaf people, problems that prevent Black Deaf from achieving their potential, the lack of leadership. In sharing their experiences, hopes talents, abilities with one another, it became apparent that cultural isolation was a key factor. At the 100th anniversary of the National Association of the Deaf in July 1980, a Black deaf caucus was held. Led by Charles "Chuck" V. Williams of Ohio, Sandi LaRue and Linwood Smith of Washington, DC, they presented issues of the NAD's lack of attentiveness to the concerns of Black Deaf Americans as well as the lack of representation of Black Deaf individuals as convention delegates. Sandi LaRue issued a statement to the convention attendees: "NAD must take action to communicate better with the Black deaf community, encourage the involvement of minorities" within the national and state organizations, recruit more Black Deaf children in the Junior NAD and youth leadership camp; the July 6, 1980 The Cincinnati Enquirer published an article on the needs of Black Deaf people at the NAD convention in which LaRue stated to the newspaper, "We would like to get on the cover and front pages."
Momentum stayed strong, a local Black Deaf committee in DC began the work on planning a mini-conference by, about the Black Deaf experience. The first Black Deaf Conference, "Black Deaf Experience," was held on June 25–26, 1981 at Howard University in the city. Charles "Chuck" V. Williams proposed hosting a national conference in Ohio the following year. On August 13–15, 1982, in Cleveland, Black Deaf people from all over the United States met again to address cultural and racial issues impacting the Black Deaf community; the conference theme "Black Deaf Strength through Awareness" drew more than 300 conference attendees. A debate was held as to; the i
The Metropolitan City of Cagliari is a metropolitan city in Sardinia, Italy. Its capital includes 17 comuni, it was replaced the Province of Cagliari. The current president is the mayor of Paolo Truzzu; the resident population is 432,000. This figure can rise due to commuting into the functional urban area to 477,000 The Metropolitan City of Cagliari extends over the southern part of the Campidano plain, between two mountain ranges; the Sulcis Range is to the west and includes Monti Arcosu, Monte Serpeddi, Punta Sebera. To the east is the Monte Linias Range, including Punta Serpeddì and Sette Fratelli; these mountains are composed of Ordovician shale and Carboniferous granite and do not exceed 1,000 m. An exception is Monte Is Caravius, 1,116 m; the Metropolitan City of Cagliari has a Mediterranean climate with hot, dry Summers and mild Winters. It is unusual for Summer temperatures to rise above 40 °C with high humidity, while in winter, the record lows are below zero. Heavy snowfalls occur rarely.
January is the coldest month with an average temperature of about 10 °C. August is the warmest month with an average temperature of that of about 25 °C. African anticyclone activity can cause heat waves starting in June. From mid-June to mid-September rain appears in afternoon storms; the rainy season starts in September, but the first cold days come in December the wettest month. Winds are frequent the mistral and sirocco. On the surrounding mountains, the climate is different with plentiful average rainfall, cold winters, mild warm summers; as 470 km2 are covered by forests, lagoons and salt marshes, the populated area is 777.8 km2. So the real population density rises to 553 inhabitants/km2. In 1861, the municipalities of the current metropolitan city had 67,063 inhabitants, while the city proper had 33,491. Since the city had a population growth of 461%, while the metropolitan municipalities as an all had an increase of 644%. In that year Cagliari had a population, the 50% of the metropolitan area, while now it is only the 36%.
According to 2014 data from the Ministry of Economy and Finance, the per capita income of the residents of Cagliari was 122% of the national average. The 26% of the island population that lives in Cagliari Metropolitan City produces 31% of the island's GDP and the urban-area income is greater than that of the rest of Sardinia. According to Eurostat in 2009 the metropolitan area of Cagliari had a per capita purchasing power standard of 21.699 euros, 92.4% of the European Union data. The Metropolitan City has an unemployment rate of 17.7%. This is higher than the national rate of 12.2% and higher than the regional unemployment rate of 17.5%. The traditional economy was based on agriculture: the cultivation of wheat, olive groves and vineyards and orchards wherever there was plenty of water in the dry Summers; the mountains were exploited for coal that were sold in Cagliari. There were mines the Iron mine of San Leone in the territory of Assemini; the large salt pans east and west of Cagliari were exploited.
The capital city holds most of the administrative offices, the retail trade, financial services, professional offices, health services. Industry and major shopping centers are concentrated in the other municipalities of the metropolitan area. Tourism is concentrated along the coast. In 2014, the Cagliari-Sarroch port system was the third largest in Italy, as measured by amount of goods transferred; the Macchiareddu-Grogastru area between Cagliari and Capoterra, in conjunction with the Port of Cagliari, is the most important industrial area of Sardinia. The port includes the Cagliari International Container Terminal at Giorgino, which had an annual traffic capacity of 1,000,000 Twenty-Foot equivalent units in 2002. Multinational corporations like Coca-Cola, Unilever and Eni Group have factories in this area. Within the metropolitan area at Sarroch there is one of the six oil refinery supersites in Europe, called Saras; the communications provider, has its headquarters in the boroughs of Cagliari.
There are religious buildings in the metropolitan area that date back to the beginnings of the Christian presence in Sardinia. The crypts of the churches of Santa Restituta and Saint Ephysius in Cagliari are examples of cave churches officiated in the first centuries of the Christian era; the first church built after the Edict of Thessalonica of Theodosius I, who made Christianity the state religion of the Roman Empire, was the church of Saint Saturninus in Cagliari. Little now remains of the Byzantine period: the only building that survives, is the small church of San Giovanni in Assemini. However, there are many Romanesque churches, including the church of Saint Mary in Uta, Baroque churches, such as the Shrine of Our Lady of Bonaria. In the metropolitan area there are ruins of neolithic and chalcolithic villages, several domus de Janas. There are many nuraghes. A deep, sacred well is located in Settimo San Pietro and a giants' grave, Is Concias, in the territory of Quartucciu. In the city of Nora, there are ruins of the Punic and