Death row is a special section of a prison that houses inmates awaiting execution after being convicted of a capital crime. The term is used figuratively to describe the state of awaiting execution in places where no special facility or separate unit for condemned inmates exists. In the United States, after a person is found guilty of a capital offense in death penalty states, the judge will give the jury the option of imposing a death sentence or life imprisonment without the possibility of parole, it is up to a jury to decide whether to give the death sentence. If the jury agrees on death, the defendant will remain on death row during appeal and habeas corpus procedures, which may continue for several years. Opponents of capital punishment claim that a prisoner's isolation and uncertainty over his or her fate constitute a form of mental cruelty and that long-time death row inmates are liable to become mentally ill, if they are not already; this is referred to as the death row phenomenon. In extreme cases some inmates may attempt to commit suicide.
In the United States, prisoners may wait many years before execution can be carried out due to the complex and time-consuming appeals procedures mandated in the jurisdiction. The time between sentencing and execution has increased steadily between 1977 and 2010, including a 22% jump between 1989 and 1990 and a similar jump between 2008 and 2009. In 2010, a death row inmate waited an average of 178 months between execution. Nearly a quarter of inmates on death row in the U. S. die of natural causes. There were 3,125 people on death row in the United States on January 1, 2013. Since 1977, the states of Texas and Oklahoma have executed the most death row inmates; as of 2010, Florida and Pennsylvania housed more than half of all inmates pending on death row. As of 2008, the longest-serving prisoner on death row in the US, executed was Jack Alderman who served over 33 years, he was executed in Georgia in 2008. However, Alderman only holds the distinction of being the longest-serving executed inmate so far.
A Florida inmate, Gary Alvord, arrived on Florida's death row in 1974. Alvord had been on death row for 39 years when he died on May 19, 2013 from a brain tumor, having spent more time on death row than any other American inmate; the oldest prisoner on death row in the United States was age 94, in Arizona. He died of natural causes on February 12, 2010. Notes: 1Naval Consolidated Brig, Miramar is the only facility in the United States Department of Defense designated to house female Level III inmates; when the United Kingdom had capital punishment, sentenced inmates were given one appeal. If that appeal was found to involve an important point of law it was taken up to the House of Lords, if the appeal was successful, at that point the sentence was changed to life in prison; the Home Secretary in the United Kingdom had the power to exercise the Sovereign's royal prerogative of mercy to grant a reprieve on execution and change the sentence to life imprisonment. In some Caribbean countries that still authorize execution, the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council is the ultimate court of appeals.
It has upheld appeals by prisoners who have spent several years under sentence of death, stating that it does not desire to see the death row phenomenon emerge in countries under its jurisdiction. Live from Death Row The Green Mile The Chamber Dead Man Walking Capital punishment List of death row inmates in the United States List of women on death row in the United States List of exonerated death row inmates Execution chamber List of wrongful convictions in the United States Death Row Conditions: Death Penalty Worldwide Academic research database on the laws and statistics of capital punishment for every death penalty country in the world. LifeLines
The concept of the supernatural encompasses anything, inexplicable by scientific understanding of the laws of nature but argued by believers to exist. Examples include immaterial beings such as angels and spirits, claimed human abilities like magic and extrasensory perception. Supernatural entities have been invoked to explain phenomena as diverse as lightning and the human senses. Naturalists maintain that nothing beyond the physical world exists and hence maintain skeptical attitudes towards supernatural concepts; the supernatural is featured in paranormal and religious contexts, but can feature as an explanation in more secular contexts. Occurring as both an adjective and a noun, descendants of the modern English compound supernatural enters the language from two sources: via Middle French and directly from the Middle French's term's ancestor, post-Classical Latin. Post-classical Latin supernaturalis first occurs in the 6th century, composed of the Latin prefix super- and nātūrālis; the earliest known appearance of the word in the English language occurs in a Middle English translation of Catherine of Siena's Dialogue.
The semantic value of the term has shifted over the history of its use. The term referred to Christian understandings of the world. For example, as an adjective, the term can mean'belonging to a realm or system that transcends nature, as that of divine, magical, or ghostly beings. Obsolete uses include'of, relating to, or dealing with metaphysics'; as a noun, the term can mean'a supernatural being', with a strong history of employment in relation to entities from the mythologies of the indigenous peoples of the Americas. The metaphysical considerations of the existence of the supernatural can be difficult to approach as an exercise in philosophy or theology because any dependencies on its antithesis, the natural, will have to be inverted or rejected. One complicating factor is that there is disagreement about the definition of "natural" and the limits of naturalism. Concepts in the supernatural domain are related to concepts in religious spirituality and occultism or spiritualism. For sometimes we use the word nature for that Author of nature whom the schoolmen, harshly enough, call natura naturans, as when it is said that nature hath made man corporeal and immaterial.
Sometimes we mean by the nature of a thing the essence, or that which the schoolmen scruple not to call the quiddity of a thing, the attribute or attributes on whose score it is what it is, whether the thing be corporeal or not, as when we attempt to define the nature of an angle, or of a triangle, or of a fluid body, as such. Sometimes we take nature for an internal principle of motion, as when we say that a stone let fall in the air is by nature carried towards the centre of the earth, and, on the contrary, that fire or flame does move upwards toward firmament. Sometimes we understand by nature the established course of things, as when we say that nature makes the night succeed the day, nature hath made respiration necessary to the life of men. Sometimes we take nature for an aggregate of powers belonging to a body a living one, as when physicians say that nature is strong or weak or spent, or that in such or such diseases nature left to herself will do the cure. Sometimes we take nature for the universe, or system of the corporeal works of God, as when it is said of a phoenix, or a chimera, that there is no such thing in nature, i.e. in the world.
And sometimes too, that most we would express by nature a semi-deity or other strange kind of being, such as this discourse examines the notion of. And besides these more absolute acceptions, if I may so call them, of the word nature, it has divers others, as nature is wont to be set or in opposition or contradistinction to other things, as when we say of a stone when it falls downwards that it does it by a natural motion, but that if it be thrown upwards its motion that way is violent. So chemists distinguish vitriol into natural and fictitious, or made by art, i.e. by the intervention of human power or skill. We say that wicked men are still in the state of nature, but the regenerate in a state of grace; the term "supernatural" is used interchangeably with paranormal or preternatural — the latter limited to an adjective for describing abilities which appear to exceed what is possible within the boundaries of the laws of physics. Epistemologically, the relationship between the supernatural and the natural is indistinct in terms of natural phenomena that, ex hypothesi, violate the laws of nature, in so far as such laws are realistically accountable.
Parapsychologists use the term psi to refer to an assumed unitary force underlying the phenomena they study. Psi is defined in the Journal of Parapsychology as "personal factors or processes in nature which transcend accepted laws" and "which are non-physical in nature", it is used to cover both extrasensory perception, an "awareness of or response to an external event or influence not apprehended by sens
David Morse (actor)
David Bowditch Morse is an American actor, singer and writer. He first came to national attention as Dr. Jack "Boomer" Morrison in the medical drama series St. Elsewhere, he continued his film career with roles in The Negotiator, The Green Mile, Dancer in the Dark, The Long Kiss Goodnight, The Rock and 12 Monkeys. In 2006, Morse had a recurring role as Detective Michael Tritter on the medical drama series House, for which he received an Emmy Award nomination, he portrayed George Washington in the 2008 HBO miniseries John Adams, which garnered him a second Emmy nomination. He has received acclaim for his portrayal of Uncle Peck on the Off-Broadway play How I Learned to Drive, earning a Drama Desk Award and Obie Award, he has had success on Broadway, portraying James "Sharky" Harkin in The Seafarer. From 2010 to 2013, he portrayed Terry Colson, an honest police officer in a corrupt New Orleans police department, on the HBO series Treme, he appeared in the WGN America series Outsiders. Morse was born October 11, 1953, in Beverly, the son of Jacquelyn, a school teacher, Charles Morse, a sales manager.
He was raised in Essex and Hamilton, Massachusetts. His middle name, comes from mathematician Nathaniel Bowditch. After graduating from high school in 1971, Morse studied acting at the William Esper Studio, he began his acting career in the theater as a player for the Boston Repertory Theatre in the early 1970s. In the mid-1970s, Esquire Jauchem, artistic director of the Boston Repertory Theater and directed a stage musical version of The Point! that starred 18-year-old David Morse as Oblio. The production toured to the Trinity Square Repertory Company in Providence, he spent some time in New York's theater community in the early 1980s, before moving into television and film. During that time, Morse was listed as one of the twelve most "Promising New Actors of 1980" in John A. Willis's Screen World, Vol. 32. Morse's big break came in 1982, he played Dr. Jack "Boomer" Morrison, a young physician, forced to deal with the death of his wife and the struggles of a single parent professional. Morse appeared in a number of supporting roles following the finale of St. Elsewhere in 1988.
He is quoted as saying: "I made the decision that I didn't care if there was any money in the role or not. I had to find roles that were different from what I had been doing." His turn in Desperate Hours as antagonist showed a darker Morse. He starred in The Indian Runner and The Crossing Guard, he has appeared in three adaptations of Stephen King stories: The Langoliers, Hearts in Atlantis, The Green Mile. He was a guest star on Homicide: Life on the Street, playing the racist cousin of Detective Tim Bayliss. In 2002, Morse starred as Mike Olshansky, an ex-Philadelphia police officer turned cab driver, in the television film Hack; the film was so well received. For his role in the 2002 crime-drama film Shuang Tong, Morse was nominated as Best Supporting Actor in the Golden Horse Awards, the first nomination for an English-speaking actor, he appeared as questionable neighbor Mr. Turner in the 2007 release Disturbia. Film critic and commentator John Podhoretz wrote that Morse is a "largely unsung character actor who enlivens and deepens every movie fortunate enough to have him in the cast".
In 2006, Morse received a phone call from David Shore, having worked with him on the Hack series, who asked him if he would be interested in having a guest role on House. When Morse watched the show, he could not understand why people watched the show, because he believed that "this House guy is a total jerk"; when he told some of his friends about the offer, their excited reactions convinced him to accept the role. Morse portrayed Michael Tritter, a detective with a vendetta against Gregory House, he earned his first Emmy Award nomination for his work on the series. In 2008, Morse portrayed George Washington in the HBO miniseries John Adams, for which his nose was made bigger. Morse commented: "The first thing is my nose. We didn't have a lot of time, because they asked me to do this about three weeks before they started shooting, I just kept looking at these portraits and thinking'this man's face is so commanding', and I did not feel that my face was commanding in the way his was. So I convinced them that we should try the nose, we tried it on, everybody went'wow, that's Washington'."
Morse's portrayal earned him his second Emmy Award nomination. He is reprising the role of Washington in voice form as part of The Hall of Presidents show in Walt Disney World Resort's Magic Kingdom. Morse has stated that out of all of the films he has done, his favorites are The Green Mile, The Crossing Guard, The Indian Runner. In 2010, he guest starred in two episodes of the HBO drama series Treme, as Lt. Terry Colson of the New Orleans Police Department, he was promoted to series regular starting with the show's second season, which began in April 2011. That year, Morse won the best actor award at the Karlovy Vary International Film Festival for his role in Collaborator, he played an ex-CIA agent in the film World War Z. He played the late NFL player, Mike Webster, in Concussion the biopic of Dr. Bennet Omalu starring Will Smith. In addition to his film and television career, Morse has continued to appear on stage. For his performance in the 1997 Off-Broadway production of Paula Vogel's Pulitzer Prize-winning drama How I Learned to Drive, he received an Obie Award, a Drama League Award, a Drama Desk Award, a Lucille Lortel Award.
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James Oliver Cromwell is an American actor. Some of his more notable films include Babe, Star Trek: First Contact, L. A. Confidential, The Green Mile, Space Cowboys, The Sum of All Fears, I, The Longest Yard, The Queen, W. Secretariat, The Artist, Big Hero 6, Marshall, as well as the television series Angels in America, Six Feet Under, American Horror Story: Asylum, Boardwalk Empire and Catch Fire, The Young Pope and Counterpart Cromwell has been nominated for four Primetime Emmy Awards and four Screen Actors Guild Awards, as well as the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for Babe, he won a Primetime Emmy Award for his role in American Horror Story: Asylum and a Canadian Screen Award for his role in Still Mine. Cromwell was born in Los Angeles and raised in Manhattan, New York, he is the son of actress Kay Johnson and actor and director John Cromwell, blacklisted during the McCarthy era. He has English, German and Scottish ancestry, he was educated at The Hill School, Middlebury College, Carnegie Mellon University, where he studied architecture until he left to pursue acting.
He received his acting training at HB Studio in New York City. Like his parents, he was drawn to the theatre, performing in everything from Shakespeare to experimental plays. Cromwell's first television performance was in a 1974 episode of The Rockford Files playing Terry, a tennis instructor. A few weeks he began a recurring role as Stretch Cunningham on All in the Family. In 1975, he took his first lead role on television as Bill Lewis in the short-lived Hot l Baltimore, appeared on M*A*S*H as Captain Leo Bardonaro, in the episode "Last Laugh" in Season 6 and a year he made his film debut in Neil Simon's classic detective spoof Murder by Death. In 1980, Cromwell guest-starred in the two-part episode "Laura Ingalls Wilder" of the long-running television series Little House on the Prairie, he played one of Almanzo Wilder's old friends. While Cromwell continued with regular television work throughout the 1980s, he made appearances in films for his supporting roles in the films Tank and Revenge of the Nerds.
He guest starred on the sitcom Night Court, playing a mental patient, along with Predator actor Kevin Peter Hall. He had starring roles in the 1990s critically acclaimed films Babe, The People vs. Larry Flynt, The Education of Little Tree, L. A. Confidential, The Green Mile, Snow Falling on Cedars, he played Dr. Zefram Cochrane in Star Trek: First Contact and the Star Trek: Enterprise pilot episode "Broken Bow". Appearing in other Star Trek roles on the television series The Next Generation and Deep Space Nine, though not as Cochran, Cromwell guest-starred in several episodes, including "The Hunted", "Birthright" and "Starship Down", he voiced The Colonel in Dreamworks' Spirit: Stallion of the Cimarron. Cromwell has had additional successes on television throughout his career, his role as newspaper tycoon William Randolph Hearst in the television film RKO 281 earned him an Emmy Award nomination for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Television Movie. The following year, he received his second Emmy Award nomination for playing Bishop Lionel Stewart on the NBC medical drama series ER.
In 2004, he guest-starred as former President D. Wire Newman in The West Wing episode "The Stormy Present". From 2003 to 2005, Cromwell played George Sibley in the HBO drama series Six Feet Under, which earned him his third Emmy Award nomination in 2003. Along with the rest of his castmates, he was nominated for two Screen Actors Guild Award for Best Ensemble in a Drama Series in 2005 and 2006; the following year, Cromwell played Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh in The Queen, that earned Helen Mirren an Academy Award for Best Actress. He guest starred as Phillip Bauer, father of lead character Jack, in the sixth season of the Fox thriller drama series 24. In October 2007, Cromwell played the lead role of James Tyrone Sr. in the Druid Theatre Company's production of Eugene O'Neill's Long Day's Journey into Night, at the Gaiety in Dublin as part of the Ulster Bank Dublin Theatre Festival's 50th Anniversary. That same year he received the King Vidor Memorial Award from the San Luis Obispo International Film Festival for his artistic achievements in film.
More Cromwell played George Herbert Walker Bush in Oliver Stone's W. that chronicles the rise to power of his son up until the 2003 invasion of Iraq. In an interview, Cromwell revealed that Stone had offered the role to Warren Beatty and Harrison Ford. Cromwell provided the voice of the main villain Professor Robert Callaghan/Yokai in the Disney movie Big Hero 6. In 2016 Cromwell starred in HBO's series The Young Pope alongside Jude Law, Diane Keaton. In 2018, he appeared in HBO's Succession, Showtime's Counterpart. Cromwell was married to Ann Ulvestad from 1976 until their divorce in 1986. Cromwell married his second wife, actress Julie Cobb, on May 29, 1986. On January 1, 2014, Cromwell married actress Anna Stuart at the home of Stuart's former Another World co-star Charles Keating, he resides in Wawayanda, New York, dividing his time between New York and Los Angeles, California. Cromwell is known for his tall stature.
Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc. referred to as Warner Bros. and abbreviated as WB, is an American entertainment company headquartered in Burbank, California and a subsidiary of AT&T's WarnerMedia. Founded in 1923, it has operations in film and video games and is one of the "Big Five" major American film studios, as well as a member of the Motion Picture Association of America; the company's name originated from the four founding Warner brothers: Harry, Albert and Jack Warner. Harry and Sam emigrated as young children with their parents to Canada from Krasnosielc, Poland. Jack, the youngest brother, was born in Ontario; the three elder brothers began in the movie theater business, having acquired a movie projector with which they showed films in the mining towns of Pennsylvania and Ohio. In the beginning and Albert Warner invested $150 to present Life of an American Fireman and The Great Train Robbery, they opened their first theater, the Cascade, in New Castle, Pennsylvania, in 1903. When the original building was in danger of being demolished, the modern Warner Bros. called the current building owners, arranged to save it.
The owners noted people across the country had asked them to protect it for its historical significance. In 1904, the Warners founded the Pittsburgh-based Duquesne Amusement & Supply Company, to distribute films. In 1912, Harry Warner hired. By the time of World War I they had begun producing films. In 1918 they opened the first Warner Brothers Studio on Sunset Boulevard in Hollywood. Sam and Jack produced the pictures, while Harry and Albert, along with their auditor and now controller Chase, handled finance and distribution in New York City. During World War I their first nationally syndicated film, My Four Years in Germany, based on a popular book by former ambassador James W. Gerard, was released. On April 4, 1923, with help from money loaned to Harry by his banker Motley Flint, they formally incorporated as Warner Bros. Pictures, Incorporated; the first important deal was the acquisition of the rights to Avery Hopwood's 1919 Broadway play, The Gold Diggers, from theatrical impresario David Belasco.
However, Rin Tin Tin, a dog brought from France after World War I by an American soldier, established their reputation. Rin Tin Tin debuted in the feature; the movie was so successful. Rin Tin Tin became the studio's top star. Jack nicknamed him "The Mortgage Lifter" and the success boosted Darryl F. Zanuck's career. Zanuck became a top producer and between 1928 and 1933 served as Jack's right-hand man and executive producer, with responsibilities including day-to-day film production. More success came. Lubitsch's film The Marriage Circle was the studio's most successful film of 1924, was on The New York Times best list for that year. Despite the success of Rin Tin Tin and Lubitsch, Warner's remained a lesser studio. Sam and Jack decided to offer Broadway actor John Barrymore the lead role in Beau Brummel; the film was so successful. By the end of 1924, Warner Bros. was arguably Hollywood's most successful independent studio, where it competed with "The Big Three" Studios. As a result, Harry Warner—while speaking at a convention of 1,500 independent exhibitors in Milwaukee, Wisconsin—was able to convince the filmmakers to spend $500,000 in newspaper advertising, Harry saw this as an opportunity to establish theaters in cities such as New York and Los Angeles.
As the studio prospered, it gained backing from Wall Street, in 1924 Goldman Sachs arranged a major loan. With this new money, the Warners bought the pioneer Vitagraph Company which had a nationwide distribution system. In 1925, Warners' experimented in radio, establishing a successful radio station, KFWB, in Los Angeles. Warner Bros. was a pioneer of films with synchronized sound. In 1925, at Sam's urging, Warner's agreed to add this feature to their productions. By February 1926, the studio reported a net loss of $333,413. After a long period denying Sam's request for sound, Harry agreed to change, as long as the studio's use of synchronized sound was for background music purposes only; the Warners signed a contract with the sound engineer company Western Electric and established Vitaphone. In 1926, Vitaphone began making films with music and effects tracks, most notably, in the feature Don Juan starring John Barrymore; the film was silent. To hype Don Juan's release, Harry acquired the large Piccadilly Theater in Manhattan, New York City, renamed it Warners' Theatre.
Don Juan premiered at the Warners' Theatre in New York on August 6, 1926. Throughout the early history of film distribution, theater owners hired orchestras to attend film showings, where they provided soundtracks. Through Vitaphone, Warner Bros. produced eight shorts in 1926. Many film production companies questioned the necessity. Don Juan did not recoup its production cost and Lubitsch left for MGM. By April 1927, the Big Five studios had ruined Warner's, Western Electric renewed Warner's Vit
The Green Mile (novel)
The Green Mile is a 1996 serial novel by American writer Stephen King. It tells the story of death row supervisor Paul Edgecombe's encounter with John Coffey, an unusual inmate who displays inexplicable healing and empathetic abilities; the serial novel was released in six volumes before being republished as a single-volume work. The book is an example of magical realism; the Green Mile was first published in six low-priced paperback volumes. The first, subtitled The Two Dead Girls was published on March 28, 1996, with new volumes following monthly until the final volume, Coffey on the Mile, was released on August 29, 1996; the novel was republished as a single paperback volume on May 5, 1997. On October 3, 2000, the book was published in its first hardcover edition. In 2007, Subterranean Press released a 10th anniversary edition of the novel in three different versions, each mimicking the original six-volume release: the Gift Edition, limited to 2,000 copies, containing six unsigned hardcover volumes of each separate part, housed in a slipcase.
Every edition contained new illustrations by the novel's original illustrator. Each version had its own design, cost $150, $900, $2,500, respectively. There were other versions published as well, including a "pocketbook" sized hardcover by Paw Prints. A first-person narrative told by Paul Edgecombe, the novel switches between Paul as an old man in the Georgia Pines nursing home sharing his story with fellow resident Elaine Connelly in 1996, his time in 1932 as the block supervisor of the Cold Mountain Penitentiary death row, nicknamed "The Green Mile" for the color of the floor's linoleum; this year marks the arrival of John Coffey, a 6 ft 8 in tall powerfully built black man, convicted of raping and murdering two small white girls. During his time on the Mile, John interacts with fellow prisoners Eduard "Del" Delacroix, a Cajun arsonist and murderer, William Wharton, a wild-acting and dangerous multiple murderer, determined to make as much trouble as he can before he is executed. Other inhabitants include Arlen Bitterbuck, a Native American convicted of killing a man in a fight over a pair of boots.
Paul and the other guards are irritated throughout the book by Percy Wetmore, a sadistic guard who enjoys antagonizing the prisoners. The other guards have to be civil to him despite their dislike of him because he is the nephew of the Governor's wife; when Percy is offered a position at the nearby Briar Ridge psychiatric hospital as a secretary, Paul thinks they are rid of him. However, Percy refuses to leave until he is allowed to supervise an execution, so Paul hesitantly allows him to run Del's. Percy deliberately avoids soaking a sponge in brine, supposed to be tucked inside the electrode cap to ensure a quick death in the electric chair; when the switch is thrown, the current causes Del to catch fire in the chair and suffer a prolonged, agonizing demise. Over time, Paul realizes that John possesses inexplicable healing abilities, which he uses to cure Paul's urinary tract infection and revive Mr. Jingles after Percy stomps on him. Simple-minded and shy, John is empathic and sensitive to the thoughts and feelings of others around him.
One night, the guards drug Wharton put a straitjacket on Percy and lock him in the padded restraint room so that they can smuggle John out of the prison and take him to the home of Warden Hal Moores. Hal's wife Melinda has an inoperable brain tumor; when they return to the Mile, John passes the "disease" from Melinda into Percy, causing him to go mad and shoot Wharton to death before falling into a catatonic state from which he never recovers. Percy is committed to Briar Ridge. Paul's long-simmering suspicions that John is innocent are proven right when he discovers that it was William Wharton who raped and killed the twin sisters and that John was trying to revive them. John tells Paul what he saw when Wharton grabbed his arm one time, how Wharton had coerced the sisters to be silent by threatening to kill one if the other made a noise, using their love for each other. Paul is unsure how to help John, but John tells him not to worry, as he is ready to die anyway, wanting to escape the cruelty of the world.
John's execution is the last one. He introduces Mr. Jingles to Elaine just before the mouse dies, having lived 64 years past these events, explains that those healed by John gained an unnaturally long lifespan. Elaine dies shortly after, never learning how Paul's wife died in his arms after they suffered a bus accident, that he saw John Coffey's ghost watching him from an overpass. Paul seems to be all alone, now 104 years old, wondering how much longer he will live. Paul Edgecombe The protagonist and narrator of the book and the death-row supervisor at Cold Mountain Penitentiary, he is 40 years old when the main bulk of the story takes place, in 1932. He is a caring man and takes excellent care of the men on his block, avoiding conflict and keeping the peace whenever possible, he is the first character to discover John Coffey's amazing abilities, when the prisoner cures
Frank Árpád Darabont is a Hungarian-American film director and producer, nominated for three Academy Awards and a Golden Globe Award. In his early career, he was a screenwriter for horror films such as A Nightmare on Elm Street 3: Dream Warriors, The Blob and The Fly II; as a director, he is known for his film adaptations of Stephen King novellas and novels such as The Shawshank Redemption, The Green Mile, The Mist. Darabont developed and executive produced the first season and part of the second season of the AMC horror series The Walking Dead and created the TNT neo-noir series Mob City. Darabont was born in a refugee camp in 1959 in Montbéliard, France, his parents fled Hungary after the 1956 Hungarian Revolution with his 5 brothers, 4 sisters, 3 cousins. It is known; when he was still an infant, his family moved to the United States. When Darabont was five the family moved to Los Angeles. Darabont was inspired to pursue a career in film after seeing the George Lucas film THX 1138 in his youth.
Darabont did not attend college. His first job after finishing school was working at the famed Hollywood Egyptian Theater at the concession stand and as a seat finder, watching films for free, he claims he got his writing skills from "endless hours" of writing at a desk on a typewriter in his free time, from his childhood friend Cody Hills. Darabont became involved in filmmaking by becoming a production assistant on such films as Hell Night, The Seduction and Trancers; the first film he wrote and directed was a short adaptation of Stephen King's The Woman in the Room, one of the first "Dollar Babies" and made the semi-finalist list for Academy Award consideration in 1983. Although Darabont was not happy with how the short turned out, it led to a close association with King, who granted him the "handshake deal" rights to another one of his shorter works, Rita Hayworth and Shawshank Redemption from the collection Different Seasons. Darabont sold his first screenplay titled Black Cat Run in 1986, but it was not produced until over a decade as a television film under the same name.
Darabont was approached by Chuck Russell with an offer to become his writing partner, as he had become interested in Darabont's writing after reading a spec script he had written for the television series M*A*S*H. The two began working on a script for a remake of the film The Blob, which they had planned to shop around to studios, until they were both hired to rewrite the script of A Nightmare on Elm Street 3: Dream Warriors with Russell directing the film; the two were only managed to do it in ten days. The success of their A Nightmare on Elm Street film allowed them to produce the first script they had written, The Blob. Darabont was now a successful writer for hire and went on to write The Fly II, an early draft of The Rocketeer, an unproduced sequel to Commando. Darabont made his directorial debut with Buried Alive, a television movie with a $2,000,000 budget that aired on the USA Network in 1990. Darabont followed with an extended run as writer for George Lucas's television series The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles and writing two episodes of the television series Tales from the Crypt.
Darabont made good on the deal with Stephen King by directing The Shawshank Redemption. Rob Reiner, who had adapted another King novella, The Body, into the movie Stand by Me offered Darabont $2.5 million in an attempt to write and direct Shawshank. He planned to cast Tom Cruise in the part of Harrison Ford as Red. Darabont considered and liked Reiner's vision, but he decided it was his "chance to do something great" by directing the film himself. Although the film did not fare well at the box office, it was met with acclaim by audiences and critics, the film was nominated for seven Academy Awards including Best Picture and Best Adapted Screenplay for Darabont; the film gained traction after its Academy Award nominations, becoming the most rented film of 1995, is today considered by many to be one of the greatest films made. Darabont's next directorial effort was another Stephen King adaptation, The Green Mile, starring Tom Hanks. At first Darabont was reluctant to adapt the novel into a film, as its setting was too similar to Shawshank, but changed his mind after reading the novel.
Hanks and Darabont first met at an Academy Award luncheon in 1994 and the two were both eager to work on a project together. Stephen King was happy when Darabont mentioned his name; the film was nominated for the Oscar for Best Picture, Darabont was nominated for his second Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay.' It was the highest-grossing film based on a Stephen King novel, as it made a total of $286,801,374 worldwide He followed The Green Mile with the 2001 film The Majestic starring Jim Carrey, Martin Landau and Laurie Holden, whom Darabont would work with again throughout his career. Michael Sloane, who Darabont had known since high school, wrote the script and the film remains one of the few films that Darabont directed, but did not write. Darabont wanted to direct the film as he saw it as a "love letter" to works of Frank Capra and all the other movies he has loved throughout his life; the film received mixed reviews from critics and bombed at the box-office, recouping only half of its $72 million budget internationally.
Darabont had wanted to direct The Mist before